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3  3433  08178479  9 


^   J .    SL^U 



The  Puget  Sound  Country 


With   some   Reference  to   Discoveries  and   Explorations  in   North   America 

from  the  Time  of  Christopher  Columbus  Down  to  that  of  George 

Vancouver  in  1792,  when  the  Beauty,  Richness  and  Vast 

Commercial    Advantages    of   this    Region    Were 

First   Made   Known   to   the   World. 


Col.  William  Farrand  Prosser 

Ex- President  of  the  Washington  State  Historical  Society. 


"  Examine  History,  for  it  is  Philosophy  teaching  by  Experience."— Carlyle. 


New  York  Chicago 


fd  NEW  YORK 




R  1026  L 


Abel,  Anthony  M 356 

Adams,  Charles  M 242 

Adams,  E.  M 353 

Aldrich,  John  F 438 

Aldwell,  Thomas  T 355 

Alexander.  Hubbard  F 164 

Allen,  William  B 365 

Armstrong,  John  H 458 

Atkinson,  <  ieorge  E 245 

Austin,    William   A 374 


Baker.  Frank   R 200 

Balkwill,  Samuel  R 166 

Bar,    Lawrence 121 

Bardsley,    William    C 52r 

Barlow,    Byron 411 

Barlow,    Calvin    S iq 

Bartruff,   David  E 358 

Bates,   Charles  0 147 

Bedford,    Charles 384 

Bell,  George   W 81 

Bell,  John  M 526 

Benson.  Bertil  W 399 

Berry,  John  W 21 

Bigelow,  Harry  A 302 

Bingham,    Charles    E 294 

Birge.  George  E 362 

Blake,    Almon    C 363 

Blattner,   Frank   S 101 

Bordeaux,    Thomas 64 

Bothell,   David  C 163 

Boyle,    John    L 352 

Brackett,    George 405 

Bradley,    Luther    P 192 

Bradley.  William  R 172 

Branin,    Alvertis 416 

Brautigam,    Phil 512 

Brawley,  Dewitt  C 263 

Bridges,   Jesse   B 404 

Britton,  George  C 102 

Brown,  Arthur  H 460 

Brown,  Neil 455 

Brush,    William    0 297 

Bryan,  Robert  B 130 

Burdick,  Henry  P 98 

Burwell,  Austin  P 269 

Bush,  Newti  m  W 356 

Butler,    William    C 357 

Cain,   George    W 493 

Cain,    James    494 

Calderhead,  Samuel  C 369 

Calkins,  D.  D 195 

Callvert,    Stephen   A 500 

Campbell,   Fremont    232 

Campbell,   Horace    398 

Campbell,   Louis   D 176 

Campbell,   Richard    P 513 

Carman,    Joseph    L 491 

Centralia    Chronicle    463 

Centralia    News-Examiner    308 

Chambers,   James   W 561 

Chapman,    Adam   M 379 

Chapman,    William    0 171 

Chehalis   Bee-Nugget    290 

Clark,    Adelbert    B 532 

Clarke,   William    D 132 

Cleaveland,   Elisha   B 451 

Coady,    Michael    S 398 

Coffman,   Noah    B 108 

Coleman,   John    T 569 

Collins,    UMric    L 211 

Comeford,   James    P 462 

Conrad.   Chesley   T 392 

Cook.    Ralph    314 

Coon,   Charles   E 59 

Corey.    Merton    H 219 

Cotter,    William    D 453 

Cowden,    Harrison    180 

Cox,   Harvey   R 276 

Cox,    William    C 44 

Crandall,    Sidney    G 99 

Crawford.    Ronald    C 274 

Crosby,    Frank    L 252 

Cudihee,    Edward    367 


Dalgleish,    John    W 450 

Darling.    Charles    A 141 

Davidson,    Alpheus     133 

Davis,    George    L 435 

Davis,   Henry  C 48 

Davis,  James  H 162 

Davis.    William    H 380 

Day,  Edwin  M 496 

Deggaller,   Edward    397 

Denny.    Arthur   A 1 

Denton,    Marion    G 199 

DeSoto,  Alexander   47 


Devin,    Henry    L 251 

Dickerson.   William   W 77 

Dickinson,  Harvey  L 286 

Draham,   Mark   H 5§ 

Drewry,    David    T 83 

1  (reyer,    Frank    437 

Drum,   Henry    96 

Dumon,   John    H 122 

Dunbar,    Cyrus    V 63 

Dunbar,    Ralph   0 134 

Durrent,    James    A 155 

Dysart,    George    510 



Glen,   Robert  J 

Glidden,    Lewellin    M 169 

Gormley,    Matt   H 366 

Green,    George    

Griffith,    Luther    H 

Griggs,    Herbert    S 

Grimm,    S.    Edwin 5S1 

Gross    Morris    214 

Grove,    James    T 3° 

Gunston,   Malcolm   E 202 


Earles,    Michael 539 

Eaton,   William    B 426 

Edens.   John    J 468 

Elder,    James    495 

Elliott,    Henry    S 19' 

Ellison,    David    347 

Elstercit,  August    346 

Engle,    Abraham    W 145 

Erbolm,    Charles    261 

Eshelman,  James  F _. .  .  270 

Evans,   John    427 

Everson,    Ever    522 


Fairweather,    William    A 61 

Faubert,    Henry    66 

Ferguson,   David    328 

Ferguson.    Emory     C 4°° 

Ferry  Museum   3°8 

Fisher.    George    C 396 

Fisk,    Thomas    P 187 

Flemming,    Thomas    C 220 

Forbes,    John     B 345 

Foss,   Louis    360 

Fourtner,    Samuel    86 

Fowler,  Charles  R 3*9 

Fowler,   George  W 243 

Fowler,    W.    G 450 

France,    George    W 528 

Francis,    T.    P 375 

Fratt,   Charles   D 312 

Frost.    Robert    124 

Fullerton,   Mark   A 177 

Furness,    John     343 

Furth.    Jacob     568 

Garretson,    Hiram    F 168 

Gibbs,   Sal. in    A 284 

Gilchrist,    Charles     121 

Gilday,   Roberl    43° 

Giles.  Thei  ><1'  ire   395 

Gillespie,    fames    R 4'3 

Gillette,   Theodore   W 281 

Gilstrap,    William    H 272 

Gingrich,  Christian   0 194 

Glasgow,   Joseph    M 394 

Hadley,    Hiram    E 555 

Hadley.   Lindlcy   H 54 1 

Hague,   Isaac   N 2°3 

Hamilton,   Edward  S 248 

Handsaker,   Lester   S 351 

Harm,    Frank    D 533 

Harmon,   Ulysses   E n7 

Harrington,    Frederick    W 35° 

Harris,    James    McE 126 

Harris,  Mitchell    S63 

Harstad,    Bjug    38 

Hartman,  Washington    554 

Harvey,   Walter   M i°3 

Haskell,   Forbes    P.,   Jr °9 

Haskill,    Edwin    N 33° 

Hastie,  Thomas  P 448 

Hatch,    George    C 311 

Hawkins,  Harry  A 371 

Hawks,    Archie    McL 477 

Heberden.   William   H 477 

Hegg,    Fred    A 137 

Henry,   Thomas    N 69 

Hensler,    Gus    490 

Hill,   Bradford  L 41 

Hill,  Frank  D 5" 

Hinckley,    Timothy    D 389 

Hofercamp.  Herman  IQ6 

Hogan.  Frank  V 5°6 

Hohl,    George   J MO 

Holes,  Lucius  T 425 

Holt,    Charles    L 239 

Hood,    Charles    388 

Hopkins,    James    F 464 

Horton,    Dexter    564 

Hoss,  Theodore    244 

Hovey,   John    P 543 

Howe,    Alvah    B 214 

Hudson,  Robert  G 215 

Huftv,    Baldwin     498 

Hunter.    J.     W 391 

Huston.  Thad   158 

Uuth,    Anton     218 

Hvlak.  Anton,  Sr.  and  Jr 537 

llvner,  Matthew  E 146 

Idc,    Clarence    W 489 

Irving,   Peter   167 

Israel.    George    C 144 



Jacobs,  Orange   570 

Johns,    Bennett    W 128 

Johnson,    Harvey    L 414 

Johnson,    James    L 548 

Jones,    Sherman    L 558 


Kale,    C.    S 175 

Kan  die,    George    B 224 

Kearney,  Joseph    F 82 

Kempster,    Arthur    L 388 

Kildall,    Simon    F 4icS 

Kincaid,   Robert    138 

Kingsbury,  Edward   P 69 

Kirkpatrick,    Minor    P 344 

Kirkpatrick,    William    D 311 

Kline,    Robert    L 514 

Kneeland,   Ammi   H 556 

Knight.    Mrs.    Mary    M 35 

Knox,    James    51 

Kuhn,    Albert    H 55 

Kyle,    George    A 447 


Laffoon,   Reuben   F 23 

Lambert,    Ross    S 182 

Langhorne,    William    W 531 

Larson,    John    J 107 

LaSallc,    William     no 

Latta,    Marion    C 264 

Lawler,    George    552 

Lewis   County  Advocate   291 

Linck,  John  W 236 

Linn,    Oliver    V 124 

Lister,   Alfred    285 

Lister,   Ernest   79 

Lloyd.  J.   P.  D 13 

Locke,    Phil    S 387 

London  &  San  Francisco  Bank,  Limited..  95 

Longden,   George    R 557 

Loose,   Ursinus   K 432 

Lutz,   Harry   E 518 


Mallory,     Henry     364 

Malloy,    William   J 323 

Manning,  Lucius  R 94 

Marsh,   Calvin   L 243 

Martin,  H.  H.,  Lumber  Company ^,27 

Mason   Countv  Journal    262 

Mathes,    Edward    T 515 

Matthew.    Otto    L 378 

Matthews.    Alexander    G 446 

Mayhew,   Lewis    324 

Maynard,  Charles  W 567 

McBride,    Henry    87 

McCarver,    Morton   M 470 

McConnaughey,  John  W 467 

McCoy.    George    517 

McCready,    Norman    S 240 

McCully,  Frank  M .538 

McDonald,   Thomas   W 231 

McGregor,   Daniel    165 

McGregor,   Henry  J 422 

McKay,  George  L 415 

McManus,   John    E 376 

McMurray,  John  L 24 

McNeelev,     Edwin    J 205 

McNitt,    Frank    T 77 

Mead,   Albert   E 333 

Meade,    William    J 185 

Meath,  Edward  104 

Metcalf.   Ralph    26 

Meyer,    Frederick    529 

Milhollin.    James    H 148 

Milhollin.    John    H 14S 

Miller.     George     H 326 

Milroy,   Robert  H 74 

Milroy,     Valerius     A 76 

Mitchell,   Frank  W 300 

Mitchell,    S.    Z 332 

Mock,   William   H 71 

Mohn,  Jacob  E 271 

Moon,   Harley   D 317 

Moran    Thomas   339 

Morgan,    Hiram   D 402 

Morning  Olympian,  The 462 

Morse,   Davis  W 487 

Morse,  Frank  C 28 

Morse.    Robert    1 293 

Moultray,  William  R 247 

Mount,    Wallace    178 

Mowed,  John   W 39 

Miinn,    Clarence    E 331 

Munro,   Henry    L 34" 

Munro.  William  J 246 

Munson,   Albert  J 233 


Needham,    Arthur    62 

Neher,    John    A 

Neterer,    Jeremiah    289 

Newkirk,    Israel    A 255 

Newland.   John   T 37 ' 

Nichols,  Samuel  H 112 

Nicholson,   Lawson   A 18 


Olson,   Charles   A 418 

Olympia  Daily  Recorder   227 

Olvmpia    National    Bank 292 

O'Neill,    Thomas 573 

Opsvig,  Peter  L 3' 

Ormsby,   Norris    '39 

Osborn,   George  W 33 

Owen,  Hezekiah   S 203 

Parks,  William   522 

Peterson,  John   H 259 

Phillips,  S.   A 37 

Pidduck,  George  A 34& 

Pidduck.    Thomas    H 34' 

Pinckney,  William  H 142 


Pitcher,   Hamilton    213 

Post,  John    431 

Powell,   William 504 

Prefontaine,   Francis  X 475 

Prichard,   Arthur   G 505 

Pritchard,    Charles    1 578 

Primer,  George  D.  C 186 


Ratcliffe,    Edward   M 459 

Rathbun,    John    C 104 

Rea,   Oscar   E 443 

Reavis,   James    B 73 

Redman,    lolm  T 527 

Reeves,    Elza    A 4°7 

Reid,    Robert   A 406 

Reinhart,   Caleb   S 14 

Remsberg,  Charles  E 4°9 

Rhodes,   B.   H 116 

Rice,   Alonzo    E 115 

Richardson,     H.    G 80 

Ricksecker,    Eugene    4'7 

Riddell,  Crockett  M 258 

Riley,  Jean   F 67 

Kiplinger,   John    3°° 

Robbins    Brothers    540 

Robbins,    Herbert    E 540 

Robbins,   William   L 540 

Robinson,  J.   W 146 

Robinson,    Martin    222 

Robinson,   Thomas    278 

Robinson,    William    F 288 

Roeder,   Otto    B '. 368 

Roice,    Edward   A 419 

Ronev,   Thomas    434 

Rosling,   Eric  E 161 

Ross,   Frank   C 150 

Rowe,    Lewis    S 544 

Rowland,  Harry   G 46 

Rucker,   Mrs.  J.   M 184 

Russell.    Ambrose    J 217 


Sampson,  Lammon  E 208 

Sargent,    John    H 250 

Saunders.   Steve    488 

Schmidt,    Leopold    F 335 

Schricker,    W.    E 420 

Scobcy,  J.  O'B 156 

Scott,   Alvin   B 17 

Scott,   James    B 523 

Seaborg,    Ernest   A 486 

Semple,    Eugene   534 

Shelton   Weekly  Tribune 287 

Shenkenberg,  Theodore  29 

Shrewsbury,   Homer   H 386 

Simpson,    John    85 

Slaughter,   Samuel    C 53 

Small,  Mrs.  R.  A 154 

Smith.   Norman   R 265 

Smith,  Silas  T 501 

Snell.   Marshall   K 100 

Snyder,   Wilson   Mel 452 

Speirs,    George    127 

Spencer,   George  A 549 

Spithill,   Alexander    410 

Sprague,    Frank    S 92 

Springer,    C.    H 120 

Squire,  Watson  C 479 

Stadelman,   Charles  H 320 

Stallcup,  John   C 27 

Stampllir,  Jacob   562 

Stanbra,    Charles    500 

Startup,    Jeremiah    G 174 

State    Bank    120 

Stauffer,   Joseph    E 424 

Steele,   Edward   179 

Stewart,    Carey    L 444 

Stewart.    David    114 

St.  John.  Arthur  C Ill 

Street,  Samuel   F 295 

Strout,   Edwin   A 229 

Sullivan,    John    132 

Sumner,    Thomas    B 428 

Swalwell,   William  G 502 


Taylor,    Alonzo   S 520 

Terry,  Frank  441 

Thayer,  Elroy  M 316 

Thmnas,   Robert    P 298 

Thompson,  Charles  W 280 

Thompson,   Edgar   1 209 

Tin nne,  Chester   197 

Titlow,   Aaron  R 22 

Tyler,  Thomas    317 


Udness,    Olaf    260 


Vance.   Thomas   M 499 

Van  Holderbeke,  August 189 

Van  Valey,  Albert  L 32 

Vernon,  James   M 304 

Vogtliu,   George   H 256 


Wadhams,   Arthur   E 303 

Walker,  Richard  E 182 

Wallace,   Thomas   B 507 

Walters,   Abraham   L 10S 

Walton,   Hiram   F 440 

Waples,   William   H 105 

Warburton,   Stanton    16 

Warner,    Henry    H 321 

Warren,   Albert    383 

Warren,    Seth    434 

Washington,    George    325 

Washington   Standard    227 

Watson,   Alexander   R 190 

Watson,  J.   Howard   546 

Weekly    Capital     476 

Weir,  Allen   579 

Weisbach,   Arthur  J 52 

W.lls,    Charles    H 68 


Wells,   William  V 257 

West,   Harry    572 

West,   John    109 

Wharton.    William   S 310 

White,    Chester    F 279 

White,    Francis   A 524 

White,   Harry    456 

White,   Henry   A 516 

White,   Louis   P 338 

Whitworth,    Frederick   H 84 

Whitworth,   George   F 574 

Wiestling,  Joshua  M 225 

Wilkins,'  Thomas  H 198 

Willey,   Frank   C 559 

Willey,    Lafavette    90 

Willis,  J.  E 118 

Wilson.    William   M 385 

Wilson,  Zachary  T 57 

Winchester,   Harry    423 

Winne,   Douglas    T 43 

Wolten.    William    M 408 

Wood,  Frederick  J 352 

U  ■  11 .  Is,    William    492 

Woodworth,  Charles  238 

Woolard,  Alfred  E 436 

Woolley,    Philip    A 466 

Worden,  Warren  A 40 

Wright.   Albert  H 508 

Wright,    Charles    179 

Wynkoop,    Urban   G 160 

Young,  Abraham  C 207 

Young,  Robert    512 

Zimmerman,    Peter    337 





In  all  ages,  the  pioneers  of  the  world  have  occupied  a  prominent  place 
in  its  history.  They  were  usually  men  of  action  more  than  of  words,  yet  many 
of  them  have  left  a  deep  and  lasting  impression,  not  only  upon  their  own  day 
and  generation,  but  upon  succeeding  ages.  Abraham  was  not  the  first  man 
to  "  go  west  "  and  become  the  father  and  founder  of  a  great  nation.  When 
the  people  of  our  own  country  were  looking  for  a  leader,  at  a  great  crisis  in 
their  history,  they  did  not  go  to  the  cultivated  population  of  its  eastern  states 
and  cities,  but  they  went  west  and  took  Abraham  Lincoln,  a  pioneer  of  the 
state  of  Illinois,  who  led  them  triumphantly  through  the  most  critical  period 
of  their  existence,  notwithstanding  the  manifold  and  extraordinary  difficulties 
by  which  he  was  surrounded.  In  our  own  state,  the  name  of  Arthur  A. 
Denny  is  everywhere  recognized  as  that  of  a  man  who  has  borne  a  conspic- 
uous and  an  honorable  part  in  its  early  settlement  and  in  the  work  of  laying 
the  foundations  of  a  great  and  prosperous  commonwealth.  For  more  than 
forty-seven  years  he  faithfully  discharged,  without  fear  and  without  reproach, 
every  duty  devolving  upon  him,  whether  personal  and  domestic  or  public  and 
official  in  its  character.  From  the  time  of  his  arrival  at  Alki  Point,  on  the 
13th  day  of  November,  185 1,  to  the  day  of  his  death  in  Seattle,  on  the  9th 
of  January,  189Q,  he  was  never  known  to  falter  in  the  performance  of  any 
trust  or  obligation  he  may  have  assumed,  but  during  all  of  that  time  he  was 
known  as  an  upright,  sincere  and  earnest,  God-fearing  man,  whose  highest 
ambition  it  was  to  serve  his  country  and  his  fellowmen  to  the  best  of  his 
ability  as  a  useful,  progressive,  patriotic  and  law-abiding  citizen. 

At  his  death  it  was  realized  that  "  a  great  man  had  fallen  in  Israel." 
Yet  he  came  to  his  grave  in  a  full  age,  "  like  as  a  shock  of  corn  cometh  in  his 
season/'  And  his  loss  was  deplored  by  thousands  of  people  who  were  never- 
theless proud  of  the  fact  that  such  a  man  had  lived  and  died  amongst  them. 
His  memory  is  a  priceless  legacy,  not  only  to  his  descendants,  but  to  the  en- 
tire community  in  which  he  dwelt,  and  to  the  territory  and  state  of  which 



he  was  so  long  an  honored  citizen.  It  lias  been  said  that  "  the  best  com- 
mentary upon  any  work  of  literature  is  a  faithful  life  of  the  author."  If  this 
be  true,  it  is  also  true  that  the  best  memorial  which  can  be  framed  of  such 
a  man  as  Mr.  Denny  is  the  publication  of  a  plain  and  straightforward  history 
of  his  personal  life  and  character.  Fortunately  he  has  left  us  an  autobiog- 
raphy which  will,  beyond  question,  be  more  interesting  to  our  readers  than 
anything  which  could  lie  written,  no  matter  how  impartial  it  might  lie,  by  a 
surviving  friend  or  acquaintance. 

This  sketch  of  his  life  is  written  in  that  direct  and  unassuming  manner 
which  characterized  Mr.  Denny,  -and,  like  the  "  Personal  Memoirs  of  Gen- 
eral Grant."  it  carries  with  it  the  conviction  that  it  was  written  by  a  man  of 
strict  and  sturdy  integrity.     This  autobiography  is  as  follows: 


I  have  been  of  late  so  frequently  solicited  for  a  sketch  of  my  life  that  it 
has  become  a  source  of  annoyance,  more  especially  as  it  has  never  occurred 
to  me,  and  does  not  now.  that  my  life's  history  is  of  any  importance  or  calcu- 
lated to  be  of  any  special  interest  to  the  public  at  large. 

In  my  life  work  I  have  simply  endeavored  to  meet  the  obligations  to 
my  family  and  discharge  my  duty  as  a  citizen  to  my  country  and  the  commun- 
ity in  which  I  have  lived.  It  has  not  occurred  to  me  that  I  have  accomplished 
anything  above  the  ordinary,  and,  if  so,  I  should  feel  humiliated  to  claim  it 
for  myself. 

My  life  has  been  a  busy  one,  and  I  have  not  taken  time  to  think  of  the 
estimate  which  those  who  are  to  come  after  me  may  put  upon  what  I  have 
done,  or  whether  they  will  consider  it  at  all.  Having  reached  a  time  when 
what  I  can  do,  or  what  I  may  think  or  say  is  of  but  little  moment  to  the  active 
world,  the  hard  and  annoying  thing  to  me  is  the  seeming  disposition  to  dissect 
the  subject  before  death.  It  is  not,  therefore,  for  self-exaltation  that  I  have 
undertaken  to  make  as  brief  a  sketch  as  possible,  but  to  relieve  myself  of  the 
annoyance  referred  to,  and  for  the  satisfaction  of  my  family. 

Arthur  Armstrong  Denny. 

Seattle,  November  25th,  1890. 

The  Dennys  are  a  very  ancient  family  of  England,  Ireland  and  Scotland. 
I  trace  my  branch  from  Ireland  to  America  in  my  great-grandparents,  David 
and  Margaret  Denny,  who  came  to  America  before  the  Revolution,  and 
settled  in  Berks  county,  Pennsylvania,  where  my  grandfather,  Robert  Denny, 
was  born  in  the  year  1753.  In  early  life  he  removed  to  Frederick  county,  Vir- 
ginia, where  he,  in  the  year  1778,  married  Rachel  Thomas,  and  in  about  1790 
removed  to  and  settled  in  Mercer  county,  Kentucky,  where  my  father,  John 
Denny,  was  born  May  4,  [793.  On  August  25,  1814,  he  was  married  to 
Sarah  Wilson,  my  mother,  the  daughter  of  Bassel  and  Ann  Wilson.  My 
mother  was  born  in  the  old  town  of  Bladensburg,  near  Washington  city.  Feb- 
ruary 3,  i7<)7-  Her  mother's  name  was  Scott,  but  I  cannot  trace  the  families 
of  my  maternal  grandparents  beyond  America,  hut  they,  doubtless,  came  to 
America  in  very  early  times. 

Both  of  my  grandparents  rendered  service  in  the  Revolutionary  war,  and 
my  grandfather  Wilson  belonged  to  Washington's  command  at  Braddock's 


My  father  was  a  soldier  in  the  war  of  1812,  and  belonged  to  Colonel 
Richard  M.  Johnson's  regiment  of  Kentucky  volunteers.  He  was  also  an 
ensign  in  Captain  McAfee's  company.  He  was  with  Harrison  at  the  battle 
of  the  Thames,  when  Proctor  was  defeated  and  the  noted  Tecumseh  was  killed. 
He  was  a  member  of  the  Illinois  legislature  in  1840-41,  with  Lincoln,  Yates, 
Baker  and  others  who  afterwards  became  noted  in  national  affairs.  He  was 
a  Whig  in  politics,  and  a  Republican  after  the  formation  of  that  party.  For 
many  years  he  was  a  justice  of  the  peace,  and  it  was  his  custom  to  induce 
litigants,  if  possible,  to  settle  without  a  resort  to  law :  I  do  not  think  he  was 
ever  himself  a  party  in  an  action  at  law.  He  died  July  28,  1875,  in  his  eighty- 
third  year.  My  mother  died  on  March  25,  1841,  in  her  forty-fifth  year.  For 
her  I  had  the  greatest  reverence,  and  as  I  now  look  back  and  contemplate 
her  character,  it  seems  to  me  that  she  was  as  nearly  perfect  as  it  is  possible  to 
find  any  one  in  this  world. 

About  the  year  18 16  my  parents  removed  from  Kentucky  to  Washington 
county,  Indiana,  and  settled  near  Salem,  where  I  was  born,  June  20,  1822. 
When  I  was  about  one  year  old  they  removed  to  Putnam  county,  six  miles 
east  of  Greencastle,  where  they  remained  until  I  was  in  my  thirteenth  year, 
when  they  removed  to  Knox  county,  Illinois.  The  first  land  entered  in 
Putnam  county  by  my  father  was  March  12.  1823.  My  impression  is  that 
he  went  there  and  made  the  selection  at  that  time  and  moved  the  family  some 
time  in  the  summer  or  fall  of  the  same  year. 

My  education  began  in  the  log  schooihouse  so  familiar  to  the  early  settler 
in  the  old  west.  The  teachers  were  paid  by  subscription,  so  much  per  pupil, 
and  the  schools  rarely  lasted  more  than  half  the  year,  and  often  but  three 
months.  Among  the  earliest  of  my  recollections  is  one  of  my  father  hew- 
ing out  a  farm  in  the  beech  woods  of  Indiana ;  and  I  well  remember  that  the 
first  school  I  attended  was  two  and  a  half  miles  distant  from  my  home.  When 
I  became  older  it  was  often  necessary  for  me  to  attend  the  home  duties  one- 
half  of  the  day  and  then  go  to  school,  a  mile  distant ;  but  by  close  applica- 
tion I  was  able  to  keep  up  with  my  class.  My  opportunities,  to  some  extent, 
improved  as  time  advanced,  but  I  never  got  beyond  the  boarding  school 
and  seminary.  I  spent  my  vacation  with  older  brothers  at  carpenter  and 
joiner  work,  to  obtain  the  means  to  pay  my  expenses  during  term  time. 

On  November  23,  1843,  I  was  married  to  Mary  Ann  Boren,  to  whom  I 
am  very  largely  indebted  for  any  success  which  I  may  have  achieved  in  life. 
She  has  been  kind  and  indulgent  to  all  my  faults,  and  in  cases  of  doubt  and 
difficulty  in  the  long  voyage  we  have  made  together  she  has  always  been, 
without  the  least  disposition  to  dictate,  a  safe  and  prudent  adviser. 

I  was  eight  years  county  surveyor  of  Knox  county.  Illinois,  and  resigned 
that  position  to 'come  to  the  Pacific  coast.  On  April  10,  185 1,  1  started 
with  my  family  across  the  plains,  and  reached  The  Dalles.  August  II,  and 
arrived  in  Portland,  August  23.  On  the  5th  of  November  we  sailed  for 
Puget  Sound  on  the  schooner  Exact,  and  arrived  at  our  destination  on 
Elliott's  Bav,  November  13,  1851. 

The  place  where  we  landed  we  called  Alki  Point,  at  that  time  as  wild  a 
spot  as  any  on  earth.     We  were  landed  in  the  ship's  boat  when  the  tide  was 


well  out ;  and  while  the  men  of  the  party  were  all  actively  engaged  in  re- 
moving our  goods  to  a  point  above  high  tide,  the  women  and  children  had 
crawled  into  the  brush,  made  a  fire,  and  spread  a  cloth  to  shelter  them  from 
the  rain.     When  the  goods  were  secured  I  went  to  look  after  the  women, 
and   found  on  my  approach  that  their   faces  were  concealed.      On  a  closer 
inspection  I  discovered  that  they  were  in  tears,   having  already  discovered 
the  gravity  of  the  situation;  but  I  did  not  for  some  time  discover  that  I  had 
gone  a  step  too  far.     In  fact,  it  was  not  until  I  became  aware  that  my  wife 
and  helpless  children  were  exposed  to  the  murderous  attacks  of  hostile  savages 
that  it  dawned  upon  me  that  I  had  made  a  desperate  venture.     My  motto  in 
life  was  to  never  go  backward,  and  in  fact  if  I  bad  wished  to  retrace  my 
steps  it  was  about  as  nearly  impossible  to  do  so  as  if  I  bad  taken  the  bridge 
up  behind  me.     I  had  brought  my  family  from  a  good  home  surrounded  by 
comforts  and  luxuries,  and  landed  them  in  a  wilderness,  and  I  do  not  now 
think  that  it  was  at  all  strange  that  a  woman  who  had,  without  complaint, 
endured  all  the  dangers  and  hardships  of  a  trip  across  the  great  plains  should 
be  found  shedding  tears  when  contemplating  the  hard  prospect  then  so  plainly 
in  view.     Now,  in  looking  back  to  the  experiences  of  those  times,  it  seems  to 
me  that  it  is  not  boasting  to  say  that  it  required  quite  an  amount  of  energy 
and  some  little  courage  to  contend  with  and  overcome  the  difficulties   and 
dangers  we  had  to  meet.     For  myself,  I  was  for  the  first  several  weeks  after 
our  landing,  so  thoroughly  occupied  in  building  a  cabin  to  shelter  my  family 
for  the  winter  that  I  had  not  much  time  to  think  of  the  future.     About  the 
time  we  got  our  houses  completed  our  little  settlement  was  fortunately  visited 
by  Captain  Daniel  S.  Howard,  of  the  brig  Leoness,  seeking  a  cargo  of  piles 
which  we  contracted  to  furnish.     This  gave  us  profitable  employment,  and, 
although  the  labor  was  severe,  as  we  did  it  mostly  without  a  team,  we  were 
cheered  on  witli  the  thought  that  we  were  providing  food  for  our  families. 
A  circumstance  occurred  just  at  the  close  of  our  labor  which  for  a  few  hours 
caused  us  the  greatest  anxiety  and  even  consternation,  but  resulted  in  con- 
siderable amusement  afterwards.     We  finished  the  cargo  late  in  the  after- 
noon, and  it  was  agreed  between  us  and  the  captain  that  he  would  settle  with 
us  the  next  day.     The  vessel  was  anchored  near  the  Point,  and  that  night 
there  was  a  stiff  gale  from  the  south,  which  caused  the  anchor  to  drag,  and 
carried  the  brig  before  it  until   the  anchor   caught   in   the  mud  at    Smith's 
Cove.     The  Indians  soon  discovered  it,  and  came  and  reported  that  the  ship 
had  "clatiwad"   (left),  which  caused  in  our  little  settlement  great  astonish- 
ment and  concern.     We  were  forced  to  the  conclusion  that  the  captain  bad 
absconded  to  avoid  paying  us  for  our  hard  work,  and  the  time  we  had  put  in 
on  the  cargo  was  not  counted  by  eight-hour  days,  but   from  daylight  until 
darkness.     The  ship's  unexpected  departure  added  a  sleepless  night  to  our 
arduous  toil.     In  the  morning,  when  it  grew  light  enough  to  see.  to  our  great 
joy,  we  discovered  the  brig  getting  under  way  and  she  soon  returned.     The 
captain  came  on  shore  and  gave  a  most  satisfactory  explanation,  and  he  was 
ever  afterwards,  to  the  day  of  his  death,  the  especial  favorite  of  every  one  of 
our  little  community. 

In  February,  1852,  in  company  with  William  N.  Bell  and  C.  D.  Boren, 
I  made  soundings  of  Elliott's  Bay  along  the  eastern  shore  and  towards  the 


foot  of  the  tide  flats  to  determine  the  character  of  the  harbor,  using  for  that 
purpose  a  clothes  line  and  a  bunch  of  horse  shoes.  After  the  survey  of  the 
harbor  we  next  examined  the  land  and  timber  around  the  bay,  and  after  three 
clays'  careful  investigation  we  located  claims  with  a  view  of  lumbering,  and. 
ultimately,  of  laying  off  a  town. 

I  came  to  the  coast  impressed  with  the  belief  that  a  railroad  would  be 
built  across  the  continent  to  some  point  on  the  northern  coast  within  the  next 
fifteen  or  twenty  years,  and  located  on  the  Sound  with  that  expectation.  I 
imagined  that  Oregon  would  receive  large  annual  accessions  to  its  popula- 
tion, but  in  this  I  was  mistaken,  mainly  by  the  opening  of  Kansas  and  Ne- 
braska to  settlement.  The  bitter  contest  which  arose  there  over  the  slavery 
question  had  the  effect  to  attract  and  absorb  the  moving  population  to  such 
an  extent  that  very  few,  for  several  years,  found  their  way  through  those 
territories ;  and  a  large  proportion  of  those  who  did  pass  through  were  gold- 
seekers  bound  for  California. 

Then  came  our  Indian  war,  which  well  nigh  depopulated  Washington 
territory.  This  was  followed  by  the  great  rebellion,  all  of  which  retarded"  the 
growth  of  the  territory,  and  for  a  long  time  prevented  the  construction  of  the 
railroad  upon  which  I  had  based  large  hopes.  In  the  spring  of  1852,  when  we 
were  ready  to  move  upon  our  claims,  we  had  the  experience  of  the  fall  be- 
fore over  again  in  building  our  cabins  to  live  in.  After  the  houses  were  built 
we  commenced  getting  our  piles  and  hewn  timber  mostly  for  the  San  Francisco 
market ;  but  occasionally  a  cargo  for  the  Sandwich  Islands.  Vessels  in  the 
lumber  trade  all  carried  a  stock  of  general  merchandise,  and  from  them  we 
obtained  our  supplies. 

The  captain  sold  from  the  vessel  while  taking  in  cargo,  and  on  leaving 
turned  over  the  remainder  to  me  to  sell  on  commission.  On  one  occasion  my 
commission  business  involved  me  in  serious  difficulty.  The  captain  of  one 
of  the  vessels  with  whom  I  usually  dealt,  carried  a  stock  of  liquors,  but  he 
knew  that  I  did  not  deal  in  spirits,  and  disposed  of  that  part  of  the  cargo  him- 
self, or  kept  it  on  board.  One  one  occasion,  as  he  was  ready  for  the  voyage 
from  San  Francisco  with  his  usual  stuck,  something  prevented  his  making 
the  voyage  himself ;  he  put  a  young  friend  of  his  just  out  from  Maine  in 
command  and  gave  him  general  directions,  but  when  they  came  to  the  whisky, 
the  young  captain  said,  "What  am  I  to  do  with  that?  I  will  not  sell  it." 
"Well,"  he  replied,  "take  it  up  to  my  agent,  Mr.  Denny,  and  if  he  will  not 
dispose  of  it,  turn  it  over  to  a  friend  of  mine  at  Alki  Point,  who  is  in  the 
trade."  The  vessel  arrived  and  the  new  captain  came  on  shore  with  a  letter 
explaining  the  situation.  I  told  him,  "All  right.  Captain,  take  it  to  Alki ; 
I  have  no  use  for  it."  In  due  time  the  cargo  was  completed  and  the  captain 
came  on  shore  and  informed  me  that  the  man  at  Alki  had  on  hand  a  full 
stock  of  his  own  and  would  not  take  the  stuff:  and  he  would  throw  it  over- 
board if  I  did  not  take  it  out  of  his  way.  My  obligation  to  the  owner  would 
in  no  way  justify  me  in  permitting  so  rash  an  act,  and  I  told  the  captain  to 
send  it  on  shore  with  the  goods  he  was  to  leave,  and  have  his  men  roll 
it  up  to  the  house,  and  I  would  take  care  of  it  until  the  owner  came.  I  was 
cramped  for  room,  but  I  found  places  to  store  it  under  beds  and  in  safe 
corners  about  my  cabin.     It  was  a  hard  kind  of  goods  to  hold  onto  in  those 


days,  but  there  was  never  a  drop  cf  it  escaped  until  the  owner  came  and  re- 
moved it  to  Steilacoom. 

I  continued  in  the  commission  business  until  the  fall  of  1854,  when  I 
entered  in  copartnership  with  Dexter  Horton  and  David  Phillips,  in  a  general 
merchandise  business,  under  the  firm  name  of  A.  A.  Denny  &  Company.  Our 
capital  was  very  limited;  it  would  hardly  purchase  a  truck  load  of  goods 
now,  but  we  did  for  a  time,  in  a  small,  one-story,  frame  building  on  the 
corner  of  Commercial  and  Washington  streets,  afterward  occupied  by  the 
bank  of  Dexter  Horton  &  Company,  the  leading  business  of  the  town. 

When  the  Indian  war  came  on  in  1855,  the  firm  dissolved  and  I  went 
into  the  volunteer  service  for  six  months. 

I  served  as  county  commissioner  of  Thurston  county,  Oregon,  when  that 
county  covered  all  of  the  territory  north  of  Lewis  county,  and  when  Pierce, 
King,  Island  and  Jefferson  counties  were  formed  by  the  Oregon  legislature 
I  was  appointed  a  commissioner  of  King  county.  In  1853  I  was  appointed 
postmaster  and  received  the  first  United  States  mail  in  Seattle,  August  27, 
1853.  On  the  organization  of  Washington  territory  I  was  elected  to  the 
house,  and  continued  a  member  of  either  house  of  representatives  or  of  the 
council  for  nine  consecutive  sessions,  and  was  speaker  of  the  house  the  third 
session.  I  was  register  of  the  United  States  land  office  at  Olympia  from 
1861  to  HS65,  when  I  was  elected  territorial  delegate  of  the  thirty-ninth 

On  the  16th  of  June,  1870,  my  old  friends  and  business  partners,  David 
Phillips  and  Dexter  Horton,  founded  the  bank  of  Phillips,  Horton  &  Com- 
pany, and  at  the  death  of  Mr.  Phillips,  which  occurred  on  March  6,  1872, 
Mr.  Horton,  although  alone  in  business,  adopted  the  firm  name  of  Dexter 
Horton  &  Company.  I  entered  the  bank  at  this  time  as  executor  of  the 
Phillips  estate,  and,  after  closing  the  affairs  of  the  estate,  I  took  a  half  interest 
in  the  bank  under  the  existing  firm  name,  which  Mr.  Horton  offered  to  change 
at  the  time,  but,  being  fully  satisfied  with  the  name,  I  declined  to  allow  the 

I  have  been  identified  with  the  fortunes  and  interests  of  Seattle  from 
the  day  of  its  founding,  and  during  the  active  period  of  my  life  it  has  been 
my  earnest  endeavor  to  promote  and  protect  those  interests  to  the  best  of 
my  ability. 

My  work  is  practically  over.  If  it  has  been  done  in  a  way  to  entitle  me 
to  any  credit.  I  do  not  feel  that  it  becomes  me  to  claim  it.  Should  the  reverse 
be  true,  then  I  trust  that  the  mantle  of  charity  may  protect  me  from  the  too 
harsh  judgment  and  criticism  of  those  now  on  the  active  list;  and  that  I  may 
he  permitted  to  pass  into  a  peaceful  obscurity,  with  the  hopes  that  their  ef- 
forts may  lie  more  successful   than  mine. 

This  memoir  was  written  in  1890.  Mr.  Denny  lived  more  than  eight 
years  afterwards  and  during  much  of  that  time  he  took  an  active  interest, 
not  only  in  his  own  large  business  enterprises,  but  in  all  matters  pertaining 
to  the  public  welfare.  For  (he  last  three  years  of  his  life,  however,  his  fail- 
ing health  admonished  him  that  his  business  affairs  should  be  left  to  bis  sons, 
who  gradually  assumed  their  direction  and  control. 

Personally,   Mr.    Denny  was  six  feet  in  height,  weighed  .about  one  bun- 


dred  and  seventy  pounds,  with  no  superfluous  flesh,  and  was  a  typical  specimen 
of  the  sturdy  and  stalwart  sons  of  the  west,  who  were  prepared  physically 
and  intellectually  to  grapple  successfully  with  any  and  all  obstacles  that  might 
be  encountered.  Large  in  mind  and  body,  with  a  moral  character  equally 
strong  and  well  developed,  he  continued  to  grow  in  the  esteem  and  regard  of 
his  fellow  citizens  of  Washington  from  the  time  when  he  was  elected  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Oregon  legislature  in  1852 — Washington  being  then  a  part 'of 
Oregon — until  in  1S97,  when  he  was  unanimously  supported  by  the  Repub- 
lican members  of  the  Washington  legislature  for  a  seat  in  the  United  States 
senate.  He  did  not  take  his  seat,  however,  or  serve  in  the  Oregon  legislature 
because  the  time  required  to  obtain  the  returns  from  the  large  extent  of  ter- 
ritory he  was  elected  to  represent  was  so  great  that  the  term  of  the  legislature 
expired  before  he  could  be  notified  and  thereafter  reach  the  seat  of  govern- 
ment. In  1897  his  party  was  in  the  minority  in  the  legislature,  but  these  and 
many  other  incidents  might  be  mentioned  which  illustrate  the  high  esteem 
in  which  he  was  held  by  the  people  of  Washington.  In  many  respects  Mr. 
Denny  resembled  Abraham  Lincoln,  not  only  in  his  personal  appearance,  but 
in  his  strong  mental  and  moral  characteristics,  and  in  his  keen  perceptions 
of  right  and  wrong,  with  the  strength  of  will  which  enabled  him  to  choose 
and  follow  the  right,  regardless  of  consequences. 

Whilst  in  politics  he  was  an  earnest  and  consistent  Republican,  from 
the  organization  of  that  party  until  his  death,  he  yet  enjoyed  in  an  eminent 
degree  the  implicit  confidence  of  all  who  knew  him,  without  distinction  of 
party,  and  his  name  was  a  synonym  for  honorable  and  upright  dealing  in 
public  affairs  as  well  as  in  private  life.  Identified  from  the  beginning  witli 
the  history  of  Seattle,  his  business  enterprise  and  his  high  standing  for  com- 
mercial integrity  did  much  to  give  to  this  city  the  favorable  place  which  it 
occupies  to-day  in  the  financial  centers  of  the  world.  For  what  he  has  done 
the  citizens  of  the  state  owe  him  a  debt  of  gratitude,  and  that  debt  could  be 
discharged  in  no  more  satisfactory  way  than  by  studying  his  character,  cher- 
ishing his  memory  and  following  his  example.  His  acts  of  charity  were 
numerous,  but  without  ostentation,  and  one  of  his  greatest  pleasures  was  to 
afford  relief  to  the  needy,  the  helpless  and  the  destitute. 

In  his  domestic  relations  lie  was  particularly  fortunate.  His  life-long 
companion  who  became  his  wife  nearly  fifty-six  years  ago,  and  who  was 
throughout  that  long  period,  his  constant  and  trusted  companion,  adviser 
and  a  helpmeet  indeed,  still  survives  him.  From  the  time  they  began  their 
long,  toilsome  and  dangerous  journey  across  the  plains  in  185 1,  until,  after 
many  years  of  hardship  and  privation  on  Puget  Sound,  they  again  enjoyed 
the  blessings  of  civilization,  she  endured  with  bravery  and  patience  all  the 
trials  of  frontier  life  incident  to  her  situation,  and  thus  proved  herself  worthy 
of  a  high  place  amongst  the  noble  women  of  our  country,  who  have  ren- 
dered so  much  assistance  in  the  work  of  laving  the  foundation  of  American 

Two  daughters  and  four  sons  survive  the  happy  union,  all  residing  in 
Seattle.  The  daughters  are:  Mrs.  George  F.  Frye  and  Miss  Lenora  Denny. 
The  sons  are:  Robin  II.  Denny,  Orrin  O.  Denny,  Arthur  W.  Denny  and 
Charles  L.  Denny,  all  prominent  and  highly  respected  business  men  of  Seattle. 


Mr.  Denny  also  left  one  sister.  Miss  S.  L.  Denny,  residing  in  Seattle,  and 
two  brothers,  David  T.  Denny,  of  Seattle,  and  A.  W.  Denny,  of  Salem,  Oregon. 

Mr.  Denny  left  a  large  estate,  chiefly  in  the  city  of  Seattle,  of  which  he 
was  the  principal  founder,  but  his  most  valuable  legacy  was  an  unspotted 
character  for  loyalty  and  integrity  and  a  long  record  of  priceless  and  dis- 
tinguished services  rendered  to  the  people  of  the  state  of  Washington. 

When  he  took  his  final  departure  he  left  behind  him  a  noble  example  of 

"the   high   stern-featured   beauty 

Of  plain  devotedness  to  duty. 

Steadfast  and  still,  nor  paid  with  mortal  praise, 

But  finding  amplest  recompense, 

For  Life's  ungarlanded  expense, 

In  work  done  squarely  and  unwasted  days." 

William  F.  Prosser. 
The  following  extracts  from  the 

"tribute  of  the  chamber  of  commerce," 
of  Seattle,  to  the  memory  of  Mr.  Denny  furnish  a  brief  expression  of  the 
sentiment  of  the  entire  community  on  the  subject: 

Seattle,  January  n,  1899. 
At  the  usual  hour,  3  ^o  p.  m.,  the  members  being  assembled,  the  meet- 
ing was  opened  by  the  president,  Mr.  E.  O.  Graves,  who  said : 

"Gentlemen  : — This  is  the  regular  weekly  meeting  of  the  Chamber 
of  Commerce,  but  by  common  consent  it  has  been  agreed  that,  instead  of 
addressing  ourselves  to  our  usual  duties,  we  shall  devote  this  session  to  the 
memory  of  Arthur  A.  Denny,  whose  life,  since  our  last  meeting,  has  gently 
ebbed  away.  While  Mr.  Denny  was  not  a  member  of  this  chamber,  he  had 
been  so  potent  a  factor  in  the  founding  and  upbuilding  of  this  city,  he  was  so 
public-spirited  as  a  citizen,  and  so  universally  respected  as  a  man,  that  it  is 
eminently  fit  that  this  body,  representing  the  commercial  interests  of  the  city 
which  he  founded,  should  pause  for  an  hour  to  pay  a  tribute  to  his  memory. 
There  are  others  here  better  qualified  than  I,  by  long  acquaintance  and  asso- 
ciation with  Mr.  Denny,  to  speak  of  his  public  spirit,  his  generous  heart, 
his  sweet  and  gentle  nature,  but  there  is  one  phase  of  his  character  with 
which  I  have  been  deeply  impressed,  ever  since  I  became  a  resident  of  Seattle, 
and  which  I  believe  to  have  been  a  powerful  influence  in  shaping  the  char- 
acter of  the  new  community  which  he  founded.  I  refer  to  his  spotless  in- 
tegrity, his  perfect  uprightness.  No  man  ever  even  charged  Arthur  Denny 
with  the  slightest  deviation  from  the  highest  standard  of  truth  and  honor. 
No  suspicion  of  over-reaching  or  sharp  practice  ever  attached  to  him.  His 
word,  once  given,  was  sacred.  No  formal  bond  could  add  a  jot  to  the  solemn 
obligation  of  his  spoken  word.  No  schemer  could  hope  to  induce  him  to 
take  pari  in  any  unworthy  project,  or  for  a  moment  to  countenance  any 
scheme  that  savored  of  unfairness.  The  healthful  influence  upon  a  new  and 
unformed  community  of  such  a  character,  in  its  foremost  man,  cannot  be  over- 
estimated. It  left  an  indelible  stamp  on  this  community,  and  it  was  an  in- 
spiration ami  example  of  every  citizen  of  Seattle." 
By  Hon.  Roger  S.  Greene: 


"Mr.  President  and  Gentlemen:  Such  a  life  as  Mr.  Denny's  has  special 
significance  for  all  who  knew  him.  It  is  not  simply  worthy  of  notice,  but 
has  urgent  claims  upon  our  attention  and  our  speech. 

"Nothing  spoken  of  or  written  about  among  men  is  so  worthy  of  tribute 
from  tongue  or  pen  as  the  worthy  man.  To  pay  that  tribute  is  a  debt  owed 
to  society  by  those  who  have  the  faculty.  Words  can  be  engaged  in  no  nobler 
or  more  faithful  mission  than  to  transmit,  radiate  and  multiply,  lofty  and 
inimitable  virtues.  Mr.  Denny,  for  this  city  of  Seattle,  of  which  he  par- 
ticipated in  the  founding  and  of  which,  because  of  his  prominent  part  in  its 
beginning  and  growth,  he  has  been  deservedly  called  'Father,'  is  the  exponent 
of  every  civic  virtue.  Courage,  modesty,  resolution,  fairness,  steadfastness, 
industry,  business  capacity,  thrift,  public  spirit,  wisdom,  manliness,  have  been 
uniformly  his  distinguishing  characterstics.  All  varieties  of  life  and  work, 
from  his  home  here  as  a  center,  have  felt  his  positive  impress.  Although 
singularly  unobtrusive  and  retiring,  his  activity  has  been  largely  public,  or 
of  public  import  and  effect.  He  has  many  times  and  most  satisfactorily 
served  the  people  in  stations  of  highest  political  trust,  and  at  all  times,  and 
yet  more  efficiently,  as  a  simple  citizen,  in  less  conspicuous  ways.  His  fame 
extends  justly  throughout  the  state,  and  is  to  no  inconsiderable  degree  national. 
From  his  first  appearance  on  Elliott's  Bay,  his  character,  more  than  that  of 
any  other  man,  has  been,  and  now  is  the  nucleus  around  which  Seattle,  as  she 
has  been,  as  she  is,  and  as  she  is  to  be,  has  been  crystalizing,  and  will  con- 
tinue to  increase,  take  on  form,  and  develop,  along  the  lines  of  her  perma- 
nent features  and  power. 

"When  this  city  or  chamber  shall  in  the  future  see  fit,  by  statue  or 
memorial  shaft,  to  honor  any  of  her  illustrious  dead,  she  can  find  no  more 
fitting  personage  with  whom  she  could  begin  than  Arthur  Armstrong  Denny. 

"Yet  nothing  of  lifeless  brass  or  inert  stone  that  ever  his  fellow  mortals 
can  rear  will  equal  in  appropriateness  or  glory  that  which  is  already  his. 
Seattle,  the  living  city,  is  his  own,  his  best,  his  most  enduring  monument. 

"A  very  lovable  man  was  Dr.  Denny.  For  true  friendship,  undemon- 
strative, affable,  going  out  to  high  and  low  alike,  plain-speaking,  faithful, 
constant,  considerate,  wise,  self-sacrificing,  ever  ready  to  grant,  but  shy  to 
seek  a  favor,  we  will  have  to  travel  far  and  wide  to  find  another  such.  And 
it  is  here  only  that  we  come  to  touch  the  full  measure  of  the  loss  of  this 
community.  He  was  everybody's  friend.  All  are  mourners  now.  To-morrow 
we  shall  see  some  imperfect  evidence  of  the  estimate  in  which,  he  held  others 
by  their  expression  of  their  estimate  of  him.  This  chamber  knows  him  as  a 
business  man,  a  representative  of  business  interests,  whether  in  the  narrower 
field  of  private  enterprise,  or  the  broader  one  of  political  concern.  But  it  has 
to  look  outward  to  realize  just  what  has  happened,  and  it  beholds  the  whole 
landscape  draped,  and  the  scene  filled  with  the  multitude  of  the  bereaved, 
many  conscious  mourners,  but,  as  is  always  the  case,  many,  very  many,  even 
now  unconscious  of  the  fact  of  their  bereavement." 

By  Mr.  S.  L.  Crawford: 

"Mr.  Arthur  Denny  was  an  all-round,  well  balanced  man,  and  if  I  were 
to  select  any  particular  trait  of  his  character  as  being  most  conspicuous,  it 
would  be  that  of  his  rugged  disposition  toward  justice,  and  fair  dealing  be- 


tween  man  and  man.  This  element  in  his  character  was  early  recognized 
by  the  Indians,  and  I  am  satisfied  that  it  was  largely  the  carrying  out  of  this 
principle  in  his  daily  walk  and  conversation  that  enabled  the  little  handful 
of  whites,  who  first  settled  on  Elliott's  Bay,  to  live  peacefully  with  the  vast 
number  of  Indians  who  at  that  time  inhabited  this  region.  Very  soon  after 
Mr.  Denny's  arrival  here  he  became  acquainted  with  Pat  Kanim,  the  power- 
ful chief  of  the  Snoqualmies.  This  acquaintance  grew  into  a  strong  friend- 
ship. As  early  as  the  fall  of  1854  Pat  Kanim  gave  Mr.  Denny  information 
of  the  growing  dissatisfaction  among  the  Indians  east  of  the  mountains  toward 
the  whiles,  and  he  it  was  who  in  the  spring  of  1855  came  to  Mr.  Denny, 
privately  in  the  night,  to  warn  him  of  the  approaching  danger.  Shortly 
after  this  friendly  act,  and  just  before  the  Indian  outbreak,  the  old  chief 
stated  to  Mr.  Denny  that  he  was  going  up  the  Steilaguamish  to  hunt  moun- 
tain sheep.  How  this  friendship  afterwards  stood  the  Indian  in  good  stead, 
I  will  relate  in  Mr.  Denny's  own  language: 

'  'Immediately  after  the  White  River  massacre,  Lieutenant  Slaughter 
was  ordered  up  the  old  military  road  to  the  Naches  Pass,  and  after  reaching 
Porter's  Prairie  he  sent  down  an  express  to  Governor  Mason,  stating  that 
Pat  Kanim  was  dogging  him  at  every  step,  and  around  bis  camp  every  night. 
On  receipt  of  this  dispatch  Mason  sent  a  dispatch  to  Captain  Sterrett,  at 
Seattle,  instructing  him  to  immediately  arrest  two  of  Pat  Kanim's  brothers, 
with  all  members  of  the  tribe,  then  camping  in  Seattle,  and  put  them  in  irons. 
Having  previously  stated  to  Captain  Sterrett  that  I  bad  received  information 
from  I 'at  Kanim  that  convinced  me  of  his  friendship,  and  that  of  his  tribe, 
the  captain  did  not  feel  willing  to  take  so  important  a  step  without  con- 
sulting with  me,  and  sent  for  me  to  come  aboard  the  Decatur,  when  he  stated 
what  he  was  directed  to  do,  and  that  he  must  make  the  arrest  at  once,  for 
the  Snoqualmies  would  certainly  leave  during  the  night.  This  was  startling 
news  to  me,  and  I  most  earnestly  protested,  telling  him  that  I  knew  Lieutenant 
Slaughter  was  mistaken,  and  that  we  had  enemies  enough  to  look  after  with- 
out attacking  our  friends:  but  he  was  so  much  disposed  to  act  on  Governor 
Mason's  orders  that  I  finally  proposed  if  he  would  not  disturb  the  Snoqualmies 
1  would  be  responsible  for  their  good  conduct,  and  would  prove  to  him  that 
Slaughter  was  wrong,  by  going  to  Pat  Kanim's  camp  and  bringing  him  in. 
He  positively  refused  to  allow  me  to  leave  town,  but  consented  that  I  might 
send  an  express  for  Pat  Kanim,  and  stand  responsible  for  them  until  their 
return  at  a  given  time. 

'  'Very  fortunately  for  me,  and  probably  for  Pat  Kanim,  too,  be  was  on 
hand  within  the  time  agreed  upon.  He  had  his  women  and  children  with 
him,  and  also  brought  a  cargo  of  mountain  sheep,  venison,  horns  and  hides, 
specimens  of  which  be  took  on  board  the  Decatur,  and  presented  to  the 
captain,  who  expressed  the  greatest  surprise,  and  satisfaction  with  the  con- 
clusive proof  which  I  had  thus  furnished  of  the  good  faith  and  friendship 
of  the  Snoqualmies,  and  1 'at  Kanim  was  soon  after  employed  by  the  governor, 
with  a  number  of  his  tribe,  as  scouts,  and  they  did  good  service  during  the 
continuance  of  the  war.' 

"Chief  Seattle  always  considered  Mr.  Denny  his  friend  and  adviser,  and, 
after  the  death  of  the  old  chief,  Mr.  Denny  and  two  or  three  other  pioneers, 


erected  a  handsome  monument  over  his  grave,  at  the  Old  Man  House  reserva- 
tion, near  Port  Madison;  and  when  the  old  chiefs  daughter,  Angeline,  lie- 
came  too  feehle,  on  account  of  age,  to  earn  her  livelihood,  Mr.  Denny  had  a 
house  erected  for  her  on  some  of  his  vacant  property,  near  the  water  front, 
where  she  spent  her  declining  years  in  peace  and  comfort. 

"As  with  the  Indians,  so  with  the  whites.  They  all  respected  his  spirit 
of  fairness,  and  placed  great  store  by  his  judgment,  and  it  was  the  custom 
in  this  community,  before  the  days  of  courts  and  lawyers,  to  lay  all  disputes 
between  parties  before  Mr.  Denny,  and  from  his  judgment  an  appeal  never 
was  taken  so  far  as  I  have  been  able  to  learn. 

"In  the  death  of  Mr.  Denny,  Seattle  has  lost  one  of  her  best  and  noblest — 
Peace  to  his  ashes." 

By  John  Leary — a  letter: 

"I  regret  that  I  am  unavoidably  prevented  from  being  present  at  the 
meeting  this  afternoon  at  the  Chamber  of  Commerce  to  be  held  in  honor  of 
Mr.  Arthur  A.  Denny. 

"Mr.  Denny  was  one  of  the  first  men  I  became  acquainted  with  when 
I  came  to  the  territory  of  Washington,  something  more  than  thirty  years  ago. 

"A  few  years  after  I  came  here,  Seattle  became  engaged  in  its  first 
great  fight,  against  the  Northern  Pacific  Railroad  Company,  for  existence. 
In  that  contest  the  leadership  of  Seattle  people  naturally  fell  to  Mr.  Denny. 
Under  his  direction,  as  president  of  the  Seattle  and  Walla  Walla  Railroad 
Company,  it  was  my  fortune,  then  one-seventh  owner  in  the  company,  to 
take  an  active  part  in  building  the  old  Seattle  and  Walla  Walla  Railroad, 
which  became  Seattle's  first  bulwark  of  defense  in  the  long  and  bitter  fight 
with  the  Northern  Pacific  Railroad  Company.  In  this  contest  for  Seattle, 
Mr.  Denny  took  an  active  and  leading  part.  His  cool  judgment  and  sound 
common  sense  were  invaluable  to  the  little  town  of  Seattle  of  that  day.  From 
that  time  on,  during  my  entire  acquaintance  with  him,  Mr.  Denny  could 
always  be  relied  upon  to  bear  his  full  share  of  the  burdens  in  every  move- 
ment and  every  contest  for  strengthening  and  building  up  the  interests  of 
Seattle.  His  views,  however,  went  beyond  the  place  of  his  home,  and  took 
in  the  entire  territory  of  Washington,  as  it  then  was.  He  was  always  read) 
to  aid  and  encourage  every  movement  calculated  to  promote  the  interests  of 
the  territory  at  large. 

"In  business  Mr.  Denny's  judgment  was  always  excellent.  He  was 
cautious  and  conservative — qualities  more  valuable  in  a  niivf  community, 
which  is  apt,  unless  restrained  by  wise  and  conservative  counsel,  to  rush  to 

"Mr.  Denny  endeared  himself  to  all  classes  of  people,  both  old  settlers 
and  new.  by  his  kindness  and  uniform  consideration." 

By  Hon.  C.  H.  Hanford,  United  States  District  Judge— a  letter : 

"f  regret  being  at  this  time  so  engaged  that  I  cannot  attend  the  memorial 
exercises  in  honor  of  the  first  citizen  of  Seattle,  Hon.  A.  A.  Denny. 

"We  know  that  his  life-work  was  done,  and  well  done.  Having  lived 
beyond  the  period  allotted  to  the  lifetime  of  a  man,  his  friends  could  not 
wish  to  detain  him  longer  from  the  reward  earned  by  a  well  spent  life;  still 
all  must  feel  keenly  the  pain  of  parting. 


"For  nearly  half  a  century  Mr.  Denny  has  lived  in  Seattle,  and  during 
all  of  that  time  he  has  been  a  kind  and  considerate  neighbor  and  a  patriotic 
citizen.  For  the  generosity  and  gentleness  of  his  nature  and  the  purity  of 
his  life,  as  well  as  for  his  courageous  bearing  and  invaluable  services  as  a 
leader  in  the  pioneer  period,  every  citizen  must  feel  a  desire  to  do  him  honor." 

By  Mr.  Thomas  W.  Prosch — Memorial. 


"Seattle  has  lost  one  of  its  founders.,  its  most  revered  citizen,  and  its 
whole  people  mourn  in  consequence.  From  its  inception,  now  forty-seven 
years,  this  place  has  known  and  this  people  have  loved  Arthur  A.  Denny. 
When  he  crossed  the  continent,  in  185 1,  it  was  a  trip  requiring  five  months' 
time;  involving  constant  peril  from  beginning  to  end;  the  placing  of  thou- 
sands of  miles  of  uninhabited  country  between  the  old  and  the  new  home; 
the  breaking  up  of  family  and  business  relations ;  the  expenditure  of  one's 
whole  fortune,  and  the  risk  not  only  of  one's  own  future  but  those  also  of 
wife  and  children.  It  meant  more  in  money,  in  labor,  in  time,  in  deprivation, 
in  suffering,  in  danger,  and  in  all  that  tries  the  souls  of  men  than  it  ever 
meant  to  cross  the  Atlantic  two  hundred  or  three  hundred  years  ago,  and 
settle  in  Massachusetts,  New  York  or  Virginia.  It  took  brave  men,  heroes, 
to  make  the  trip,  and  one  of  these  was  Mr.  Denny. 

"Seattle  owes  much  to  A.  A.  Denny.  He  was  one  of  the  men  who  located 
the  town,  and  one  also  of  the  men  who  gave  it  its  name.  He  was  one  of  its 
first  house-builders,  first  producers,  first  merchants,  first  mill  men,  first  steam- 
boat men,  first  railroad  men,  first  bankers,  and  first  citizens  in  all  that  consti- 
tutes good  citizenship.  He  was  useful  to  all  about  him,  was  discerning, 
generous,  broad-minded,  enterprising,  public-spirited,  reliable  and  true.  At 
home,  in  his  business,  in  society,  in  the  church,  in  politics,  everywhere,  he 
was  the  same.  The  people  about  him  soon  knew  him  and  trusted  him.  They 
sent  him  to  the  legislature  nine  successive  terms ;  they  used  him  in  city  and 
county  affairs ;  he  went  to  Congress  for  them ;  they  relied  upon  him  in  a 
thousand  emergencies,  and  he  never  failed  them. 

"When  a  representative  citizen  was  wanted  to  present  the  people's  cause; 
when  in  time  of  war  a  leader  was  needed;  when  a  university  was  to  be  in- 
augurated ;  when  a  railroad  enterprise  was  to  be  started,  Mr.  Denny  was  at 
once  the  thought  of  the  people,  and  upon  their  call  modestly  took  the  place 
by  common  consent  assigned  to  him,  and  gave  his  time,  his  talents,  his  lands 
and  his  money  in  aid  of  the  popular  cause. 

"Mr.  Denny's  benevolent,  kind,  broad  nature  made  him  the  friend,  the 
defender  and  the  supporter  of  the  Indian,  the  poor  man,  the  child,  the  weak 
and  the  helpless.  His  encouraging  word  was  ever  given  to  them,  his  strong 
hand  outstretched  to  them.  What  he  did  in  these  ways  was  done  unostenta- 
tiously, and  never  known  except  as  told  by  others. 

"The  Seattle  Chamber  of  Commerce  joins  in  the  common  grief  at  the 
loss  the  city  has  sustained.  It  rejoices,  however,  in  the  lives  and  the  deeds 
of  good  men,  and  it  is  pleased  in  this  instance  and  in  this  manner  to  bear 
testimony  to  one  of  them,  the  peer  of  any,  the  late  Arthur  A.  Denny." 

Upon  motion  of  Major  James  R.  Hayden,  the  memorial  was  adopted 
as  the  sentiment  of  the  chamber. 


Upon  motion  of  Mr.  Griffith  Davies,  the  memorial  was  ordered  placed 
upon  the  record  and  a  copy  sent  to  the  bereaved  family. 

THE    REV.    J.    P.    DERWENT    LLOYD. 

The  Rev.  John  Plummer  Derwent  Lloyd,  rector  of  St.  Mark's  church, 
Seattle,  was  born  in  Manchester,  England,  on  the  /th  of  June,  1861,  his 
parents,  the  Rev.  Thomas  and  Emma  (Plummer)  Lloyd,  being  descendants 
of  old  Welsh  and  Yorkshire  families  of  high  standing.  Part  of  the  early 
boyhood  of  their  eldest  son  was  spent  with  his  grandparents  upon  the  Der- 
went estate  in  Derbyshire.  At  the  age  of  ten  he  entered  the  Royal  Lan- 
casterian  Grammar  School  of  Manchester,  one  of  the  famous  English  pre- 
paratory schools.  For  three  years  he  enjoyed  the  advantage  of  instruction 
in  this  school  until,  in  1874,  the  family  removed  to  the  Dominion  of  Canada. 
There  his  father,  the  Rev.  Dr.  Lloyd,  took  up  work  as  rector  of  St.  James' 
church,  Gravenhurst,  Ontario.  After  several  years  spent  at  Gravenhurst  he 
became  incumbent  of  the  parish  of  Huntsville,  Ontario,  where  the  remainder 
of  his  life  was  passed.  In  1890  Dr.  Lloyd  was  appointed  archdeacon  of  the 
diocese  of  Algoma,  which  arduous  office  he  held  up  to  the  time  of  his  death, 
July  25,  1903. 

For  the  four  years  immediately  following  the  removal  of  the  family  to 
Canada,  Mr.  Lloyd's  education  was  continued  under  the  tutorship  of  the 
Rev.  Joseph  S.  Cole,  B.  A.  This  was  succeeded  by  three  years  of  teaching 
in  the  schools  of  Ontario  and  nearly  an  equal  period  of  mercantile  life  in 
Toronto.  The  best  traditions  and  culture  of  the  old  world  were  thus  united 
in  his  training  with  the  vigor,  activity  and  enterprise  of  the  new. 

In  18S3  Mr.  Lloyd  began  definite  preparation  for  the  work  of  the  min- 
istry by  entering  the  theological  school  of  Montreal,  pursuing  the  divinity 
course  there  for  one  year.  A  second  year  of  study  and  parochial  work  was 
passed  with  the  Rev.  W.  S.  Rainsford,  D.  D.,  in  St.  George's  parish, 
New  York. 

In  1884  Mr.  Lloyd  was  ordained  to  the  deaconate  and  in  1885  to  the 
priesthood  by  the  Rt.  Rev.  D.  B.  Knickerbocker,  D.  D.,  bishop  of  Indiana. 
After  two  years'  ministerial  work  in  that  state  and  in  Wisconsin  Mr.  Lloyd 
was  called  to  the  rectorship  of  St.  Paul's  church,  Riverside,  a  suburb  of 
Chicago,  where  he  remained  for  three  years.  The  succeeding  eight  years 
were  spent  in  Omaha,  Nebraska,  as  rector  of  the  Church  of  the  Good 
Shepherd.     From  Omaha  he  came  to  Seattle  in  September,  1897. 

Of  Mr.  Lloyd's  work  as  rector  of  St.  Mark's  church,  Seattle,  it  is  dif- 
ficult to  speak  with  adequate  appreciation.  During  his  rectorate  a  marked 
advance  has  been  made  along  all  lines  of  church  activity.  St.  Mark's  church 
has  been  enlarged  and  beautified,  a  magnificent  organ  has  been  purchased, 
additional  land  has  been  acquired,  and  a  handsome  and  commodious  rectory 
has  been  built  at  a  cost  of  six  thousand  two  hundred  dollars.  The  value  of 
the  church  property  has  thus  increased  in  six  years  from  fifteen  thousand 
dollars  to  sixty  thousand  dollars,  the  present  valuation  being  a  very  con 
servative  estimate. 

But  it  is  upon  the  intellectual  and  spiritual  sides  of  their  rector's  work 
that  his  people  love  most  to  dwell.  An  ever-increasing  ripeness  and  richness 
of  scholarship,   a  personality  of  great  strength   and  attractiveness,   a  high 


appreciation  and  love  of  the  beautiful  in  nature  and  art,  a  rare  power  of  in- 
spiration toward  that  which  is  noble  in  life,  and,  as  the  groundwork  of  all, 
a  deep  personal  consecration  to  the  work  of  his  calling — all  these  combine 
to  render  Mr.  Lloyd's  influence  one  of  the  broadest  and  most  effective  forces 
in  the  higher  life  of  Seattle. 

The  services  of  St.  Mark's  church  are  characterized  by  a  simple  im- 
pressiveness  and  beauty  of  ritual  as  far  removed  from  bareness  on  the  one 
hand  as  from  unmeaning  complexity  of  form  on  the  other.  The  rector's 
aim  has  been  to  make  the  services  most  fully  express  the  thought  of  worship 
and  spiritual  aspiration.  The  success  of  Mr.  Lloyd's  work  is  in  a  measure 
attested  by  the  growth  in  church  membership  during  the  past  six  years,  the 
communicant  list  having  increased  in  that  time  from  five  hundred  to  one 
thousand.  St.  Mark's  thus  becomes  the  leading  Episcopal  church  on  the 
Pacific  coast. 

Not  only  is  Mr.  Lloyd  a  preacher  of  force  and  persuasiveness,  but  his 
services  as  lecturer  and  speaker  upon  varied  occasions  are  frequently  sought. 
Many  of  the  beneficial  public  movements  of  Seattle  feel  the  touch  and  in- 
spiration of  his  personality.  As  a  member  of  the  board  of  trustees  of  the 
Public  Library  and  chairman  of  the  building  committee  of  the  new  library, 
Mr.  Lloyd  has  a  guiding  hand  in  the  intellectual  life  of  the  city.  He  is  a 
director  and  has  twice  been  elected  president  of  the  Charity  Organization 
Society.  He  is  also  interested  in  several  fraternal  orders,  being  a  member  of 
the  Masons,  the  Knights  of  Pythias,  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen, 
the  Elks  and  the  Odd  Fellows. 

On  December  28,  1886,  Mr.  Lloyd  was  married  to  Miss  Mary  Emilie 
Thomas,  a  native  of  Brantford,  Ontario,  and  a  daughter  of  William  H.  and 
Adeline  (Kissam)  Thomas,  representatives  of  old  Knickerbocker  families. 
Their  five  children  are  Gwendolyn  Derwent,  Thomas  Derwent,  Adeline  Der- 
went,  Charlewood  Derwent  and  Margaret  Derwent. 


Washington  has  been  a  state  of  the  Union  only  thirteen  years,  and  it 
was  only  a  short  time  ago  that  paths  were  made  through  its  dense  forests 
and  the  country  freed  from  the  dangers  of  Indians  and  wild  beasts,  and 
there  are  few  men  of  middle  age  who  have  the  honor  to  have  been  born  in 
this  state.  It  is  now  our  pleasure  to  speak  of  one  of  the  prominent  citizens 
of  Olympia,  Washington,  one  who  was  born  in  Olympia  on  the  5th  of  April, 
1856.  The  German  ancestors  of  Mr.  Reinhart  settled  in  this  country  about 
the  year  1700.  His  father  was  Stephen  D.  Reinhart,  and  was  born  in  Ken- 
tucky and  reared  and  educated  in  the  state  of  Indiana.  He  learned  the  trade 
of  a  millwright,  and  was  married  in  Indiana  to  Miss  Sarah  Cock.  In  1852, 
with  an  ox-team,  they  started  out  across  the  plains  toward  Oregon.  The 
journey  was  long  and  arduous  and  they  experienced  many  hardships  and 
dangers.  The  teams  gave  out  on  the  road,  and  they  were  obliged  to  double 
up  with  fellow-travelers.  Later  they  had  some  more  trouble,  and  finally 
Mr.  Reinhart  cut  his  wagon  in  two  parts,  and,  putting  the  tongue  to  the 
hind  wheels  offered  his  partner  his  choice  of  the  two  conveyances.     With 


this  kind  of  makeshift  they  finally  reached  The  Dalles,  where  he  built  a 
raft  and  loaded  his  teams  and  family  thereon.  They  reached  the  Cascades 
safely  and  then  found  themselves  out  of  money  and  provisions.  He  there 
secured  employment  in  loading  a  small  sloop,  which  he  successfully  accom- 
plished, although  he  had  had  no  previous  experience  in  that  kind  of  work. 
On  this  vessel  he  proceeded  down  the  river  to  Portland,  and,  continuing  his 
journey,  reached  Mound  Prairie,  Thurston  county,  Washington.  This 
country  was  then  covered  with  dense  forests,  and  very  few  white  people  were 
living  in  the  country,  but  many  Indians.  He  started  a  little  home  and  made 
what  improvements  he  could  on  his  property,  but  was  obliged  to  abandon  it 
at  the  Indian  war  of  1855-6.  After  the  war  he  completed  his  home  and 
worked  at  the  carpenter's  trade  in  Olympia,  also  building  mills  and  other 
mechanical  work  and  running  a  sawmill.  In  1862,  on  account  of  the  poor 
health  of  his  wife,  he  removed  to  Grandronde,  Oregon,  remaining  there  for 
four  years  and  engaging  in  farming  and  also  in  the  mercantile  line.  As 
his  wife  did  not  recover  her  health  he  took  her  to  Napa,  California,  where 
he  secured  employment  as  a  bridge-builder  on  the  Southern  Pacific  Railroad. 
His  wife  there  died,  and  he  then  returned  to  Oregon  and  was  appointed  car- 
penter at  the  Grandronde  Indian  reservation,  and  also  served  as  temporary 
Indian  agent.  In  1872  lie  removed  to  Whatcom  county,  Washington,  and 
entered  one  hundred  and  sixty  acres  of  land,  continuing  to  reside  there  the 
balance  of  his  life  and  making  it  one  of  the  finest  improved  farms  in  the 
county.  He  possessed  excellent  judgment  in  business  and  served  as  justice 
of  the  peace  for  a  number  of  years,  and  was  also  a  member  of  the  territorial 
senate  for  two  sessions,  there  using  his  influence  to  advance  the  interests  of 
the  county  of  his  choice.  In  politics  he  had  been  a  Democrat  until  the  Civil 
war  and  then  became  an  ardent  Republican  until  quite  late  in  life,  when,  on 
account  of  his  advanced  views  in  regard  to  tenure  of  office,  he  became  in- 
dependent in  his  political  views.  He  died  in  January,  1901.  He  had 
brought  with  him  while  crossing  the  plains  his  young  wife  and  their  first 
child,  William,  who  died  at  sea  when  twenty-three  years  of  age.  Later  four 
children  were  born  to  them  on  the  coast. 

Captain  Reinhart  received  his  education  in  the  San  Jose  Institute  and 
Commercial  College,  and  in  the  Willamette  University  at  Salem,  Oregon. 
At  the  age  of  fifteen  he  began  earning  his  own  living  by  clerking  in  a  store 
in  Salem ;  later  learned  typesetting  in  the  Pugct  Sound  Currier,  and  followed 
the  occupation  of  a  printer  in  a  number  of  offices,  among  them  the  Oregon 
Statesman.  Finally  he  was  in  the  office  of  the  surveyor  general,  and  in 
1879  he  engaged  in  the  saddle  and  harness  business  with  Mr.  Downer,  first 
at  Stay  ton.  then  in  East  Portland,  Oregon,  and  later  in  Goldendale,  Wash- 
ington, but  in  1884  he  sold  his  interest  in  that  business  and  purchased  a 
share  in  the  Klickatat  Sentinel.  It  was  then  consolidated  with  the  Golden- 
dale  Gazette,  and  continued  under  the  latter  name,  with  Judge  R.  O.  Dunbar 
as  editor  and  Mr.  Reinhart  as  foreman  of  the  pressroom.  In  the  following 
year  Judge  Dunbar  resigned,  and  Captain  Reinhart  was  elected  editor  and 
manager,  continuing  in  that  capacity  until  March  4.  1S91,  at  which  time  he 
received  the  appointment  of  clerk  of  the  supreme  court.  He  then  removed 
his   family  to   Olympia,   where  he  has  since   continued   to   reside,   taking  a 


prominent  part  in  the  affairs  pertaining  to  the  welfare  of  the  city  in  which 
he  was  born.  Immediately  upon  being  appointed  clerk  of  the  supreme  court, 
Captain  Reinhart  commenced  the  study  of  the  law  under  the  instruction  of 
Mr.  James  A.  Haight,  assistant  attorney  general,  and  in  1895  was  examined 
and  admitted  to  the  bar  by  the  supreme  court  and,  while  he  has  never  entered 
into  the  general  practice  of  law,  he  has  been  a  member  of  the  committee  and 
has  assisted  in  examining  every  attorney  who  has  been  examined  touching 
his  qualifications  for  admission  in  the  state  since  the  May  term,  1897.  He 
has  served  three  terms  as  mayor  of  Olympia,  and  was  also  elected  a  member 
of  the  territorial  legislature,  but  before  it  convened  the  territory  was  ad- 
mitted as  a  state  in  1889.  In  1885  Mr.  Reinhart  assisted  in  the  organization 
of  Company  B  of  the  Second  National  Guards  of  Washington.  He  was 
first  appointed  sergeant,  next  commissioned  lieutenant  and  soon  afterward 
captain,  in  which  capacity  he  served  for  four  years.  Then,  at  Olympia,  in 
December,  1891,  Company  A  of  the  First  National  Guards  of  Washington 
was  formed,  and  Captain  Reinhart  was  made  its  captain  at  once.  While 
in  this  position  he  organized  the  company  and  made  it  one  of  the  best  in  the 
state.  At  the  present  time  he  is  filling  the  important  office  of  supreme 
court  clerk,  and  is  giving  excellent  satisfaction.  He  is  also  president  of  the 
Olympia  National  Bank  and  owns  considerable  property  interests  in  Thurs- 
ton and  other  counties  of  the  state. 

His  marriage  occurred  in  1877,  his  wife  being  Clara  Downer,  a  native 
of  Oregon  and  a  daughter  of  J.  W.  Downer,  who  was  a  pioneer  of  1847. 
This  union  has  been  blessed  with  six  children:  William  W.,  who  is  now  in 
the  First  National  Bank  of  Pendleton;  Anna,  lone,  Eva  Ruth,  Carroll  B. 
and  Helen  Lucile.  Mr.  Reinhart  is  a  valued  member  of  the  Masonic  fra- 
ternity and  of  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen,  taking  an  active  part 
in  both  these  organizations.  His  wife  is  a  member  of  the  Christian  church, 
and  the  whole  family  are  highly  esteemed  and  respected  in  the  city  in  which 
he  has  served  so  faithfully  in  different  offices. 


James  A.  Warburton,  who  was  born  in  England,  came  to  this  country 
with  his  parents  when  he  was  but  three  years  old.  The  family  settled  in 
Pennsylvania  in  1833  and  remained  there  until  1869,  when  they  came  to 
Cherokee  county,  Iowa,  where  James  still  makes  his  home,  being  one  of  the 
substantial  farmers  of  that  place.  The  lady  who  became  his  wife,  Sarah 
Bedford,  was  also  of  English  birth,  and  is  still  living. 

There  were  tw-elve  children  in  the  family  of  these  worthy  people,  and 
the  son  Stanton  was  born  in  Sullivan  county,  Pennsylvania,  in  April,  1865. 
Being  four  years  of  age  at  the  time  of  the  removal  of  his  father  to  Iowa,  his 
boyhood  was  spent  in  that  state,  where  he  alternately  attended  the  district 
school  and  worked  <>n  the  farm  until  he  was  sixteen  years  old.  There  was  a 
constant  and  inherent  desire  within  him  to  gain  a  good  education  and  place 
himself  on  an  equal  plane  of  opportunity  with  other  men,  so  at  this  age  he 
entered  (he  high  school  and  paid  his  expenses  by  outside  work,  and  did  the 
same  at  Coe  College,  Cedar  Rapids,  Iowa,  where  he  was  graduated  in  June, 





1888.  In  addition  to  all  the  labor  required  to  carry  through  this  undertaking 
successfully  he  had  found  time  to  read  law  for  about  a  year  and  a  half,  and 
when,  August,  1888,  he  came  to  Tacoma,  he  at  once  continued  his  study  in 
the  office  of  Judson,  Sharpstein  and  Sullivan.  His  energetic  efforts  gained 
him  admission  to  the  bar  in  May,  1889,  and  since  that  time  he  has  advanced 
into  the  front  rank  of  the  practicing  attorneys  of  the  city  and  county. 

Mr.  Warburton  is  secretary  and  general  attorney  for  the  Tacoma  Indus- 
trial Company,  a  concern  which  has  been  recently  organized  for  the  purpose 
of  developing  electricity  from  the  immense  water  power  which  annually  goes 
to  waste,  thus  increasing  the  industrial  and  manufacturing  facilities  of  Ta- 
coma. Mr.  Warburton  has  taken  a  leading  part  in  Republican  politics,  and 
in  1896  was  elected  to  the  state  senate  for  a  term  of  four  years,  and  in  1900 
was  re-elected  for  the  same  length  of  time.  He  has  been  on  the  judiciary 
committee  since  he  took  his  seat  in  that  body,  and  during  the  last  session 
was  its  chairman ;  he  has  also  served  on  labor  statistics  and  other  committees. 
His  law  office  is  at  310  Fidelity  building.  This  brief  biography  is  sufficient 
to  indicate  that  Mr.  Warburton  is  a  broad-minded  man,  and  has  become  in- 
fluential in  politics,  business  and  the  law.  In  October,  1890,  he  was  married 
at  Garner,  Iowa,  to  Miss  Iris  Brockway,  and. they  have  three  children,  whose 
names  are  Leota,  Maud  and  Stanton.  Jr. 

ALVIN    B.    SCOTT. 

Alvin  B.  Scott,  who  is  connected  with  the  real  estate  and  loan  business 
in  Tacoma,  was  born  in  Penobscot  county,  Maine,  in  1847,  being  a  son  of 
Luther  M.  and  Caroline  (Smith)  Scott.  The  father,  who  is  also  a 
native  of  the  old  Pine  Tree  state,  was  of  Scotch  descent  and  a  member  of 
an  old  New  England  family  who  traced  their  ancestry  back  to  the  Revolu- 
tionary war.  Mr.  Scott  was  a  farmer  and  lumberman  by  occupation,  and 
in  1883  he  made  his  way  to  Minnesota,  locating  near  the  city  of  Duluth. 
where  he  lived  practically  retired  from  the  active  cares  of  a  business  life  until 
he  was  summoned  into  eternal  rest,  his  death  occurring  in  1899.  His 
widow,  who  also  claims  Maine  as  the  state  of  her  nativity,  is  still  living  in 
Minnesota.  This  worthy  couple  had  four  sons  who  loyally  aided  their 
country  during  the  Civil  war,  three  serving  as  members  of  the  First  Maine 
Heavy  Artillery,  as  follows:  John  B.,  who  was  called  upon  to  lay  down  his 
life  on  the  altar  of  his  country,  having  been  killed  in  the  charge  at  Peters- 
burg in  June,  1864;  David  S.,  who  a  member  of  the  Sixteenth  Maine  Infan- 
try, and  was  two  or  three  times  wounded  in  battle;  William  W.,  who  had 
his  hand  shot  away  in  the  last  battle  in  which  his  regiment  took  part ;  and 
Henry  H,  who  was  wounded  in  the  side  at  Petersburg.  These  brave  sol- 
dier boys  nobly  proved  their  loyalty  to  the  stars  and  stripes.  Another  son, 
Franklin  P.  Scott,  makes  his  home  at  Snohomish.  Washington,  being  one  of 
the  early  pioneers  of  the  Puget  Sound  country. 

Alvin  B.  Scott  was  reared  on  the  parental  farm  and  after  receiving  his  ' 
education   engaged    in    the    lumber   industry   during  the  winter   months,   as 
was  then  the  custom  generally  of  the  agriculturists  of  that  section.     About 
the  year  1866  he  made  his  way  to  Michigan,  where  for  about  a  year  he  was 


engaged  in  the  lumber  business,  returning  thence  to  Maine  and  resuming  the 
same  occupation.  He  was  also  connected  with  lumber  manufacturing  con- 
cerns at  Lewiston  and  Waterville,  that  state,  and  in  the  former  city,  in  1873, 
he  was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss  Urania  Babcock,  a  native  of  Maine, 
and  after  a  residence  of  about  three  years  in  Waterville  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Scott 
decided  to  seek  a  home  in  the  west,  accordingly  taking  up  their  abode  in  the 
Red  River  valley  in  Minnesota.  This  was  during  the  year  1878  and  about 
the  time  of  the  first  rush  of  settlers  into  that  section,  and  from  that  year 
until  1883  Mr.  Scott  was  engaged  in  farming  and  the  retail  lumber  trade  at 
Fisher,  Minnesota.  The  latter  year  witnessed  his  arrival  in  Tacoma,  Wash- 
ington, where  for  a  time  he  was  engaged  in  the  same  occupation,  but  as  the 
business  interests  assumed  a  brighter  aspect  he  readily  discerned  a  good 
opening  for  real  estate  transactions.  Therefore,  since  1888  he  has  been  en- 
gaged in  real  estate  and  loans,  his  office  being  located  at  306  California 

The  home  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Scott  has  been  brightened  and  blessed  by 
the  presence  of  two  children,  Ernest  L.  and  Bessie  G.  The  elder,  Ernest 
L.  Scott,  graduated  in  the  Tacoma  high  school  in  1894  and  in  the  Tacoma 
Business  College  in  1897,  in  which  year  he  was  appointed  a  clerk  in  the 
postoffice,  and  he  seived  in  nearly  all  the  departments  connected  with  the 
office.  In  1900  he  was  made  a  deputy  under  United  States  Marshal  C.  W. 
Ide,  and  in  August,  1902,  was  appointed  private  secretary  for  that  gentle- 
man, who  is  now  government  collector  of  customs  at  Port  Townsend. 



Opportunity  for  advancement  is  never  denied  the  business  man.  In 
political  and  military  circles  only  certain  prizes  can  be  won,  and  few  there 
are  who  can  gain  these,  but  in  the  field  of  industrial,  commercial  or  profes- 
sional activity  opportunity  is  almost  limitless.  There  is  always  room  at  the 
top,  and  it  is  toward  that  place  that  Lawson  A.  Nicholson  has  been  steadily 
advancing  until  he  now  occupies  a  very  creditable  and  enviable  position  in 
the  ranks  of  the  civil  engineers  of  the  northwest.  Fie  is  the  senior  member 
of  the  firm  of  Nicholson  &  Bullard,  of  Tacoma,  and  is  widely  known  for 
his  ability. 

Born  in  Stockton,  California,  in  1866,  Mr.  Nicholson  is  a  son  of  the 
Rev.  Albert  S.  and  Mary  (Warner)  Nicholson,  the  former  an  Episcopalian 
clergyman  who  was  born  in  Pennsylvania  and  in  1862  crossed  the  plains  to 
California.  He  accepted  an  important  charge  in  Stockton,  where  he  re- 
mained until  1868,  when  he  removed  to  Vancouver,  Washington,  building 
there  a  church  and  parish  which  will  long  remain  a  monument  to  his  faithful 
work.  In  later  life  he  removed  to  Tacoma,  where  he  died  in  1893,  but  his 
memory  is  still  enshrined  in  the  hearts  of  many  who  knew  him.  His  widow, 
who  was  born  in  Michigan,  is  still  living  near  Tacoma. 

Lawson  A.  Nicholson  obtained  a  broad  and  thorough  education  under 
private  tutors,  and  it  was  in  this  way  and  by  private  study  that  he  fitted 
himself  for  the  work.  A  native  of  the  Pacific  coast  and  a  factor  in  the  up- 
building of  a  new  commonwealth,  his  youth  was  spent  where  there  were  no 


advantages  of  technical  training  such  as  abound  to-day,  but  he  took  up  the 
study  and  mastered  the  great  scientific  principles,  to  which  he  added  knowl- 
edge gained  through  practical  experience.  He  began  the  practice  of  his 
profession  in  Tacoma,  where  he  has  since  remaind  with  the  exception  of  two 
years  spent  in  Everett.  In  that  time  he  has  done  much  important  work.  He 
was  engineer  for  the  state  harbor  line  commission  and  surveyed  the  harbors 
of  Sidney,  Marysville  and  Snohomish;  was  city-  engineer  of  Everett  for  one 
term,  and  had  charge  of  some  important  work  for  Rucker  Brothers  of  that 
city.  He  does  a  general  engineering  business,  necessarily  covering  a  wide 
range,  although  his  time  of  late  years  has  been  more  exclusively  devoted  to 
street  railroad  construction. 

In  1892  Mr.  Nicholson  was  united  in  marriage  to  Mrs.  Elizabeth  Mar- 
tin James,  and  they  have  two  children,  Harold  and  Charles,  while  there  is 
also  a  stepson,  Morton,  who  is  a  member  of  Mr.  Nicholson's  household. 
Mr.  Nicholson  is  a  member  of  the  Pacific  Northwest  Society  of  Engineers. 
His  offices  are  located  at  Nos.  506-507  Fidelity  building.  His  long  resi- 
dence in  the  state  adds  a  comprehensive  knowledge  of  the  country  to  his 
other  acquirements,  and  he  enjoys  the  confidence  and  patronage  of  a  large 
clientele.  Flis  advancement  has  been  worthily  won  and  his  success  is 
richly  merited. 

HON.    CALVIN    S.    BARLOW. 

To  the  adventurous  voyager  as  he  sailed  his  bark  in  the  early  part  of 
the  seventeenth  century  along  the  eastern  shore  of  the  Atlantic,  the  country 
looked  uninviting  enough,  and  the  hostile  wilderness  stretched  out  before 
him  so  that  even  the  most  imaginative  could  hardly  foresee  the  day  when 
they  would  become  cleared  away  for  civilization's  haunts.  And  two  hun- 
dred years  later  the  traveler  coasting  along  the  western  borders  on  the  shore 
of  the  Pacific  would  have  seen  the  same  dense  and  primeval  wilderness  con- 
fronting him,  and  only  by  revelation  would  he  have  seen  the  wonderful 
transformation  that  has  been  wrought  in  a  century.  But  the  course  of  em- 
pire has  swept  from  east  to  west  and  made  this  a  land  of  milk  and  honey 
from  ocean  to  ocean.  It  is  an  interesting  fact  that  the  Barlow  family  has 
been  closely  identified  with  this  progress  and  development  of  three  cen- 
turies, and  its  representative  whose  life  history  is  given  here  had  the  fortune 
to  be  born  in  this  unsettled  region  of  the  west,  just  as  some  of  his  ancestors 
were  born  in  the  east  when  civilization  was  struggling  to  gain  a  foot- 
hold there. 

The  original  progenitor  of  this  family  was  the  Rev.  William  Barlow, 
who  was  a  clergyman  of  distinction  in  England,  also  a  philosopher,  and  was 
famed  as  the  inventor  of  the  hanging  compass,  which  he  perfected  in  1601. 
His  son  George  was  also  a  minister,  and  was  one  of  the  early  emigrants 
from  England  to  America.  He  located  at  Exeter,  Massachusetts,  in  1639. 
He  preached  for  a  while,  but.  as  in  many  other  cases,  freedom  of  belief  was 
frowned  upon,  and  he  was  forbidden  to  promulgate  his  doctrines  by  the  gen- 
eral court  of  the  colony.  He  then  moved  to  Plymouth,  where  he  carried 
on  the  practice  of  law.  George  Barlow's  grandson.  Aaron,  has  been  known 
to  posterity  as  one  of  the  founders  of  Rochester,   Massachusetts,   in   1684, 


and  in  1701  was  a  representative  or  deputy  to  the  general  court  at  Plymouth. 
Samuel,  the  son  of  Aaron,  was  a  soldier  in  the  French  and  Indian  wars. 
His  brother  Aaron  was  one  of  a  committee  chosen  by  the  town  of  Rochester 
to  suppress  intemperance,  and  was  a  member  of  Captain  Hammond's  com- 
pany in  the  Rhode  Island  alarm  of  1776,  and  in  the  following  year  he  joined 
Captain  John  Granger's  company  and  was  in  the  campaign  along  the 
Hudson.  Samuel  was  also  a  soldier  in  the  Revolutionary  war,  and  when  it 
closed  removed  to  what  later  became  known  as  Monteville,  in  Montgomery 
county,  New  York. 

George,  the  son  of  Samuel,  was  born  in  Montgomery  county,  New 
York,  in  1S08.  The  Erie  canal  was  the  scene  of  his  activity  in  his  youth, 
and  he  became  the  captain  of  one  of  the  boats  that  plied  on  that  important 
highway  of  commerce.  From  there  he  made  his  way  to  Michigan,  where 
he  was  employed  at  the  carpenter's  trade.  In  1852  he  gathered  together 
some  of  his  portable  property,  and  with  a  wagon  and  an  ox-team  set  out  for 
Oregon,  but  it  was  six  months  before  his  eyes  were  gladdened  with  the  sight 
of  the  beautiful  valleys  of  that  territory.  In  1854  he  moved  over  into 
Washington  and  settled  on  a  farm  in  Cowlitz  county,  situated  on  the  Co- 
lumbia river  two  miles  below  Mount  Coffin.  He  spent  the  remainder  of  his 
life  here,  and  in  1887.  while  on  a  visit  to  Portland,  died  suddenly  as  he  was 
sitting  in  his  chair.  He  was  married  in  1833  to  Mary  Ann  Purdy,  who  died 
in  Cowlitz  county  in  1864. 

Calvin  S.  Barlow  was  the  son  of  George  Barlow,  and  he  has  the  dis- 
tinction of  being  born  in  Cowlitz  county,  Washington,  as  long  ago  as  1856, 
a  very  early  date  for  the  states  of  the  west.  Flis  early  life  was  spent  on  a 
farm.  He  was  ambitious  and  eager  to  gain  an  education,  and  for  five  years 
engaged  in  the  great  industry  of  the  Columbia  river,  salmon  fishing,  in 
order  to  pay  his  way  through  college ;  in  this  way  he  was  able  to  attend  the 
Pacific  University  at  Forest  Grove,  Oregon,  one  of  the  first  colleges  in  that 
state.  He  finished  his  schooling  at  the  age  of  twenty-one,  and  in  1877  went 
to  Tacoma,  then  a  small  village,  where  he  was  in  the  butcher  business  for 
three  years.  He  had  some  innate  faculties  as  a  man  of  business,  and  so 
much  confidence  had  he  gained  by  this  time  that  he  ventured  to  establish 
the  Tacoma  Trading  Company,  of  which  he  is  now  the  president  and  his 
son  George  the  secretary.  This  is  now  one  of  the  large  firms  of  the  city, 
and  is  the  oldest  and  largest  house  of  its  kind;  the  company  deals  in  build- 
ing material,  sewer  pipe,  coal,  etc.,  and  it  has  probably  supplied  three-fourths 
of  all  the  lime  used  in  the  buildings  now  standing  in  Tacoma.  Mr.  Barlow 
is  also  interested  in  some  large  holdings  of  real  estate,  and  mining  and  other 
business  enterprises. 

Mr.  Barlow  is  one  of  the  charter  members  and  a  trustee  of  the  Chamber 
of  Commerce  of  the  city.  He  is  popular  in  the  community,  and  was  one  of 
the  few  Republicans  who  were  successful  candidates  in  the  Populistic  year 
of  1897,  being  elected  to  the  state  legislature.  He  was  married  in  1S81  to 
Miss  Hertilla  M.  Burr,  who  lived  on  an  adjoining  farm  in  Cowlitz  county. 
They  are  the  parents  of  six  children:  George  C.  Allan  B.,  Calvin  R.,  Doug- 
las L.,  Hertilla  and  Mildred,  lie  and  his  wife  are  members  of  the  First 
Methodist  church,  and  he  is  one  of  the  trustees.  Their  home  is  at  222 
St.   Helens  avenue. 


JOHN    W.    BERRY. 

This  sketch  is  concerned  with  a  very  successful  citizen  of  Tacoma,  one 
who  has  followed  a  trade  for  many  years,  and  at  the  same  time  his  genius 
for  mechanical  invention  has  enabled  him  to  give  to  the  world  a  device 
which  will  increase  the  present  wonderful  effectiveness  of  much  labor-saving 
machinery.  The  parents  of  John  W.  Berry  were  Preston  A.  and  Martha 
Jane  (Harris)  Berry.  The  former  was  born  at  Greenfield,  Illinois,  and  in 
the  early  days  located  on  a  farm  near  Jacksonville,  in  Morgan  county.  Illinois. 
He  afterward  moved  into  Jacksonville  and  did  a  large  business  in  buying 
and  selling  live-stock  of  all  kinds.  He  was  also  one  of  the  argonauts  of 
the  early  fifties,  crossing  the  plains  to  California  with  an  ox-team,  and  he 
made  considerable  money  by  locating,  and  then  selling,  gold  claims.  He 
made  another  trip  in  1862,  and  the  last  years  of  his  life  were  spent  in  Tacoma 
with  his  son,  where  he  died  in  1889.  His  wife,  who  was  born  and  reared 
in  Morgan  county,  Illinois,  and  was  of  one  of  the  old  families  there,  is  now 
sixty-nine  years  old  and  is  living  with  her  son  John. 

John  W.  Berry  was  born  near  Jacksonville,  Morgan  county,  Illinois,  in 
1857,  and  until  he  was  fourteen  years  old  remained  on  the  farm  and  went  to 
school.  At  that  age  he  determined  to  learn  a  trade,  and  accordingly  went 
into  a  grist  mill  in  Jacksonville,  where  he  wrorked  for  seven  years,  and 
learned  all  the  ins  and  outs. of  the  business.  He  then  took  a  position  in  a 
mill  in  Marion,  Williamson  county,  Illinois,  but  remained  there  only  a  year, 
during  which  time  the  special  incident  worth  noting  was  that  he  was  con- 
verted in  a  revival  at  the  Methodist  church,  and  has  been  active  in  religious 
work  ever  since.  Montezuma,  Indiana,  was  the  next  home  of  Mr.  Berry, 
where  he  was  employed  as  a  miller  until  he  was  twenty-six  years  old,  and 
he  then  bought  out  the  mill  and  began  business  for  himself.  In  1887  he  sold 
out  and  came  to  Tacoma  with  the  intention  of  following  the  same  line  of 
enterprise  here.  But  just  at  this  time  there  was  a  building  boom  on,  and 
he  was  diverted  from  his  original  plan,  and  for  the  following  year  and  a 
half  was  engaged  in  brick-making;  he  made  the  brick  for  the  first  four-story 
brick  building  in  Tacoma,  the  Northern  Pacific  headquarters,  and  this  is 
still  one  of  the  best  structures  in  the  city.  Then  for  six  months  he  and  his 
father  dealt  in  horses,  at  the  end  of  which  time  the  opportunity  seemed  to 
be  at  hand  for  embarking  in  his  original  enterprise.  He  organized  the  Cas- 
cade Oatmeal  Company,  which  later  became  the  Cascade  Cereal  Company, 
and  built  the  first  oat  and  cereal  mill  in  the  west.  This  mill  was  erected  on 
Jefferson  avenue,  between  Twenty-third  and  Twenty-fifth  streets,  and  is 
still  standing,  although  the  plant  has  been  greatly  improved  and  added  to 
from  time  to  time.  It  has  been  equipped  as  a  high-grade  flour  mill,  and 
the  very  best  of  rolled  oats,  cereals  and  flours  are  now  manufactured.  Mr. 
Berry  did  not  have  an  unbroken  course  of  prosperity,  for  in  the  panic  of 
1893  he  lost  the  mill,  but  after  four  years  of  hard  work  he  regained  his 
former  interest  in  the  company,  and  has  since  been  its  manager;  in  this 
connection  it  should  be  mentioned  that  when  the  plant  was  established  it 
did  a  business  of  two  thousand  dollars  a  month,  which  has  since  been  in- 
creased to  thirty-five  thousand  dollars  a  month. 


Mr.  Berry,  as  has  been  said,  has  a  knack  for  mechanical  invention,  and 
in  his  work  with  mill  machinery  he  invented  an  automatic  self-tightening 
split-wood  pulley,  with  safety  set  collar.  To  manufacture  this  he  organized 
in  1901  the  Deming-Berry  Company,  and  installed  a  plant  on  Jefferson 
avenue  adjoining  the  Cascade  mill.  There  were  but  two  regular  employes 
at  first,  but  now  it  requires  fifty  to  fill  the  orders,  and  this  phenomenal  in- 
crease has  led  to  the  forming  of  plans  for  the  erection  of  a  large  plant  for 
the  manufacture  of  this  valuable  mechanical  device.  The  plant  is  to  be 
located  on  Center  street,  and  is  to  consist  of  a  two-story  brick  factory,  ware- 
house and  a  brick  dry-kiln,  and  the  power  will  be  furnished  by  electricity, 
developed  from  two  boilers  to  the  amount  of  two  hundred  horsepower.  Very 
little  new  machinery  will  be  needed,  as  the  former  plant  is  well  equipped 
with  a  forge  and  all  machinery  necessary.  This  important  addition  to  Ta- 
coma's  industrial  plants  will  be  in  operation  before  the  end  of  the  year,  and 
there  is  no  doubt  that  the  gentlemen  who  are  at  the  head  of  the  concern  will 
reap  rich  profits.  The  company  has  the  following  officers :  Charles  K. 
Harley,  of  San  Francisco,  president  and  general  manager;  John  W.  Berry, 
vice  president  and  treasurer;  Edward  C.  Grant,  secretary;  and  the  board  of 
directors  consists  of  Charles  K.  Harley,  J.  D.  Deming,  Jr.,  E.  T.  Messenger, 
of  the  Hunt-Mottet  Hardware  Company,  John  W.  Berry  and  Edward 
C.  Grant. 

Mr.  Berry  was  married  at  Jacksonville,  Illinois,  in  November,  1879, 
to  Miss  Lillian  M.  Ball,  of  that  city;  they  have  four  children  living:  Preston 
A.,  aged  eighteen,  who  is  the  bookkeeper  for  the  Cascade  Cereal  Company; 
Grace  McCune  Berry,  aged  ten;  John  W.,  who  is  five;  and  Harry  B.,  three 
years  old.  Mr.  Berry's  interest  in  religion  has  already  been  mentioned,  and 
he  has  a  liking  for  the  old-fashioned  Methodism.  He  is  a  member  of  the 
Epworth  Methodist  Episcopal  church  in  Tacoma,  has  been  a  member  of 
the  official  board  ever  since  it  was  organized,  and  for  seven  years  was  super- 
intendent of  the  Sunday  school,  at  present  being  a  teacher  of  a  class  of 
twenty-five  young  ladies.  Fraternally  Mr.  Berry  is  an  Odd  Fellow  and  a 


Aaron  Titlow  was  born  in  the  early  part  of  the  last  century  in  the  state 
of  Pennsylvania,  and  was  a  descendant  from  a  family  of  Dutch  who  had 
been  among  the  first  settlers  of  that  wonderfully  cosmopolitan  state.  When 
he  was  a  young  man  he  removed  into  Ohio,  but  in  1859  came  on  farther 
west  and  located  in  Delphi,  Indiana,  where  he  is  still  living,  at  the  age  of 
seventy-four.  During  his  vigorous  manhood  he  followed  farming,  and  even 
now  continues  his  business  activity  by  engaging  in  selling  ice.  The  maiden 
name  of  his  wife  was  Jane  Casad,  a  lady  born  in  Ohio,  but  of  English  de- 
scent ;  she  is  still  living. 

These  worthy  people  had  a  farm  near  Dayton,  Ohio,  and  it  was  on  this 
place  that  Aaron  R.  Titlow  was  born  on  November  22,  1857.  He  spent 
only  two  years  on  this  farm  before  bis  parents  went  to  Indiana,  where  he 
grew  up  as  a  farm  lad  and  during  the  school  season  went  back  and  forth 
to  the  Delphi  public  school.     He  early  conceived  the  notion  of  becoming  a 


lawyer,  and  he  gained  his  first  knowledge  of  Blackstone  at  Delphi,  but  later 
entered  the  law  department  of  Washington  University  at  St.  Louis,  one  of 
the  foremost  law  schools  of  the  country.  He  had  the  advantage  of  instruc- 
tion from  some  of  the  most  distinguished  lawyers,  the  dean  of  the  university 
at  that  time  being  William  G.  Hammond,  a  noted  attorney  and  a  man  of 
remarkable  scholarship.  After  his  graduation  in  1885  Mr.  Titlow  returned 
to  Delphi,  where  he  was  at  once  admitted  to  the  bar.  He  was  now  amply 
prepared  for  his  profession,  and  the  question  was  where  he  should  first  launch 
his  legal  career.  There  seemed  to  be  great  possibilities  in  the  south,  and 
he  made  Chattanooga  his  goal.  But,  like  many  aspiring  young  men  who 
have  since  risen  to  a  place  of  eminence,  he  was  short  of  the  sine  qua  non. 
and  was  compelled  to  borrow  sixty  dollars  to  keep  him  going  until  he  should 
do  some  business.  He  was  admitted  to  practice  in  Chattanooga  in  1886 
and  remained  there  eighteen  months,  first  as  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Titlow 
and  Walker,  later  of  Russell,  Titlow  and  Daniels.  He  had  gained  a  fair 
start  there,  but  about  this  time  Washington  territory  seemed  to  bid  fair  to 
soon  become  a  state,  and  the  inducements  to  a  man  of  restless  energy  and 
enterprise  seemed  better  there  than  in  the  more  developed  regions,  so  in 
1888  he  came  to  Tacoma.  He  has  had  no  occasion  to  regret  this  move,  for 
he  has  been  very  successful  not  only  in  the  practice  of  his  profession  but  in 
business.  In  1S96  he  was  elected  on  the  Democratic  ticket  to  the  office  of 
prosecuting  attorney  and  served  a  term  of  two  years,  with  entire  satisfac- 
tion to  his  constituents.  When  he  first  came  to  Tacoma  he  invested  heavily 
in  real  estate,  and  this  has  now  become  very  valuable,  so  that  he  is  in  "easy" 
circumstances.  He  owns  about  three  hundred  town  lots,  also  three  farms  in 
Pierce  county. 

Mr.  Titlow  has  his  office  at  202-203-204  National  Bank  of  Commerce 
building.  On  April  26,  1893,  he  was  married  at  Dayton,  Ohio,  to  Miss 
Stella  Smart,  and  three  beautiful  daughters  have  come  into  their  home. 
The  eldest  is  lone  Marguerite,  and  then  come  Constance  Clara  and  Mar- 
celle  Isabelle. 


Reuben  F.  Laffoon,  whose  law  office  is  located  at  No.  303  Chamber  of 
Commerce  building,  in  Tacoma,  and  who  has  gained  prestige  as  a  member 
of  the  Pierce  county  bar,  was  born  in  Claiborne  county,  Tennessee,  in  Marcb, 
1854,  his  parents  being  Drewry  and  Minerva  (Stone)  Laffoon,  the  former 
a  native  of  North  Carolina  and  the  latter  of  Tennessee.  When  a  young 
man  the  father  left  his  native  state  and  removed  to  east  Tennessee,  living 
in  Claiborne  county,  where  he  followed  farming  for  .a  number  of  years.  In 
the  fall  of  1859  the  family  removed  to  Cass  county,  on  the  western  border 
of  Missouri,  making  the  trip  by  wagon,  and  there  the  father  purchased  a 
farm.  During  the  fierce  and  bitter  border  warfare  that  took  place  in  that 
region  prior  to  and  during  the  Civil  war,  the  family  suffered  many  hardships. 
Mrs.  Laffoon  furnished  food  to  all  the  soldiers,  both  Union  and  Confederate, 
who  sought  aid  at  their  house,  which  was  situated  upon  a  much-traveled 
public  road,  and  on  account  of  this  liberality  the  family  larder  was  finally 


reduced  to  one  article  of  food,  wheat  bran.  When  the  troubles  and  dangers 
became  too  great  to  be  longer  borne,  the  family  went  north,  settling  at 
Nebraska  City,  Nebraska,  where  they  remained  until  they  could  return  in 
safety  to  Missouri.  On  again  going  to  Cass  county  they  found  that  the 
farm  had  been  utterly  despoiled  and  burned  over.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Lafroon, 
being  southern  people,  had  sympathized  with  the  Confederate  cause,  al- 
though both  of  them  had  several  brothers  in  the  Union  army.  They  are 
still  living  upon  the  old  Cass  county  farm,  which  they  purchased  in  1859, 
and  are  now  well-to-do  people. 

In  the  schools  near  his  home  Reuben  F.  Laffoon  acquired  his  early  lit- 
erary education,  which  he  completed  in  the  Southwest  Missouri  State  Normal 
School  at  Warrensburg.  At  the  age  of  nineteen  years  he  left  home  and 
became  a  pioneer  in  western  Kansas,  then  a  frontier  region.  For  several 
years  he  taught  school  in  both  Missouri  and  Kansas  and  read  law  in  the 
meantime.  He  traveled  extensively  all  over  the  western  and  southwestern 
country,  including  Texas  and  Colorado,  having  a  liking  for  western  pio- 
neer life. 

When  he  had  mastered  the  principles  of  jurisprudence  demanded  for 
law  practice,  Mr.  Laffoon  was  admitted  to  the  bar  at  Coldwater,  Kansas, 
in  1886,  and,  after  practicing  there  for  a  few  months,  came  to  Tacoma  in 
1887.  During  his  first  year"s  residence  here  he  engaged  in  the  real  estate 
business,  and  then  resumed  the  active  practice  of  law,  in  which  he  has  been 
engaged  ever  since,  with  the  exception  of  nearly  three  years,  which  he  spent 
in  the  mining  business  in  Nevada.  He  takes  considerable  interest  in  mining 
and  is  financially  connected  with  some  mining  companies,  both  in  Washing- 
ton and  Alaska.  In  his  law  practice  he  is  making  somewhat  of  a  specialty 
of  mining  law,  for  which  he  has  thoroughly  equipped  himself,  his  practical 
as  well  as  theoretical  knowledge  being  such  as  to  make  him  unusually  com- 
petent in  that  branch.  Mr.  Laffoon  is  devoted  to  his  profession,  devotes 
deep  study  and  careful  research  to  every  point  coming  up  in  connection  with 
his  practice,  and  is  a  successful  and  well  trained  lawyer,  whose  devotion  to 
his  clients'  interest  is  proverbial. 

In  1880,  in  Missouri,  Mr.  Laffoon  married  Miss  Emma  Pearman,  and 
they  have  two  daughters,  Agnes  and  Emma,  and  their  home  is  at  3522 
South  Eighth  street.  Owing  his  advancement  to  no  outside  aid  or  influence, 
but  to  the  development  and  application  of  his  inherent  qualities  and  talents, 
he  has  steadily  worked  his  way  upward,  and  is  now  classed  among  the 
prominent  lawyers  of  his  adopted  city. 

JOHN    L.    McMURRAY. 

The  name  of  John  L.  McMurray  is  inscribed  on  the  pages  of  Wash- 
ington's history  in  connection  with  the  records  of  her  jurisprudence.  In  ad- 
dition to  the  duties  connected  with  his  legal  practice  he  is  also  serving  as  the 
president  of  the  Washington  Power  Company,  of  Tacoma,  as  well  as  di- 
rector in  several  other  financial  and  industrial  companies.  He  was  born  in 
Wood  county,  Ohio,  January  10,  1862,  and  is  a  son  of  James  W.  and  Jane 
(Leathers)   McMurray.     On  the  paternal  side  he  is  of  Scotch-Irish  descent, 



THE  Nrw  Y  'V 



his  ancestors  having  come  from  the  north  of  Ireland,  while  maternally  he  is 
of  New  England  ancestry.  James  W.  McMurray,  the  father,  was  born  in 
Ohio,  and  was  noted  as  being  a  very  fine  mechanic,  while  he  was  also  a  land 
proprietor.  During  the  Civil  war  he  enlisted  for  a  three  months'  service, 
and  owing  to  physical  disabilities  was  discharged  on  the  expiration  of  that 
period.  One  of  his  brothers  was  called  upon  to  lay  down  his  life  on  the 
altar  of  his  country  during  that  memorable  struggle,  having  been  starved  to 
death  in  Andersonville  prison,  while  his  brother-in-law,  John  Leathers,  was 
killed  in  battle  during  the  war  of  the  rebellion.  A  second  cousin  of  our 
subject  died  of  wounds  therein  received,  and  three  or  four  other  members  of 
this  patriotic  family  nobly  served  their  country  in  its  hour  of  need,  but  came 
out  of  the  war  unscathed.  After  the  close  of  the  struggle  James  W.  Mc- 
Murray removed  with  his  family  to  Allen  county,  Indiana,  where  in  1868 
he  was  murdered  by  robbers  who  waylaid  him  one  night  on  his  way  home 
from  Fort  Wayne.  After  his  death  the  family  returned  to  Ohio,  and  there 
the  mother's  death  occurred  in  1872.. 

John  L.  McMurray  was  the  eldes.t  .of  his  parents'  five  children,  four  sons 
and  one  daughter,  and  was  but  six' years  old  at  the  time  of  his  father's  death. 
At  a  very  early  age  he  began  work  on  his  uncle's  farm  near  Van  Buren,  Han- 
cock county,  Ohio,  with  whom  he  remained  tor  thirteen  years,  during  which 
time  he  worked  incessantly  to  procure  an  education,  attending  district  school 
three  months  each  winter.  When  but  fifteen  years  of  age  he  was  granted  a 
teacher's  certificate,  following  the  occupation  of  teaching  during  the  winter 
months,  while  during  the  summer  seasons  he  worked  at  farm  labor,  and 
during  this  time  he  also  attended  school  to  some  extent  in  Findlay,  Ohio. 
Desiring  to  prepare  for  college,  at  the  age  of  eighteen  he  matriculated  in  the 
Phillip  Exeter  Academy,  at  Exeter,  New  Hampshire,  where  he  spent  two 
and  a  half  years,  during  which  time  he  not  only  received  a  thorough  pre- 
paratory education,  but  in  addition  had  the  advantage  of  holding  the  position 
of  private  secretary  to  the  academy's  president,  Professor  Walter  Quincy 
Scott,  a  man  of  brilliant  scholarly  attainments.  In  discharging  the  duties 
connected  with  that  position  it  was  Mr.  McMurray's  privilege  to  become  ac- 
quainted with  and  to  come  in  close  personal  relations  with  some  of  the  most 
distinguished  scholars  and  educators  in  this  country,  among  them  being  Presi- 
dent Eliot,  of  Harvard;  Porter,  of  Yale;  McCosh,  of  Princeton;  C.ilman, 
of  the  Johns  Hopkins;  Edward  Everett  Hale  and  Bishop  Phillips  Brooks. 
At  Exeter  he  made  a  special  study  of  mathematics  under  Professor  George 
A.  Wentworth,  the  well  known  author  of  mathematical  text-books.  After 
this  experience  he  returned  to  Columbus,  Ohio,  and  studied  at  the  State  Uni- 
versity there  for  the  following  two  and  a  half  years,  pursuing  physics  under 
Thomas  C.  Mendenhall,  Ph.  D.,  and  chemistry  under  Percy  D.  Norton, 
Sc.  D.,  noted  educators  and  authors  of  text-books  in  their  respective  branches. 
During  this  time  Mr.  McMurray  had  also  studied  law  privately  to  some 
extent,  and  in  1886  went  to  New  York  to  complete  his  legal  studies. 
Through  introduction  secured  for  him  by  Principal  Scott,  of  Phillip  Exeter 
Academy,  he  was  enabled  to  pursue  his  legal  training  under  the  former's 
brother, "Hon.  William  F.  Scott,  in  the  law  office  of  Schell,  Hutchins  &  Piatt, 
one  of  the  leading  firms  of  New  York  city.     Here  again  he  was  enabled  to 


come  in  contact  with  men  of  large  affairs,  such  as  Abram  Hewitt,  mayor  of 
New  York  city;  Augustus  Schell,  a  Tammany  leader;  Hon.  Waldo  Hutch- 
ins,  Hon.  William  Sulzer,  and  Roscoe  Conkling.  He  remained  there  for 
three  years,  at  the  expiration  of  which  period  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar.  In 
1889  Mr.  McMurray  came  to  the  northwest  Pacific  coast,  and,  stopping  at 
Tacoma,  was  so  favorably  impressed  with  the  surroundings  that  he  decided 
to  remain,  accepting  a  position  as  reporter  on  the  Tacoma  Ledger,  which  he 
continued  to  fill  for  the  following  fourteen  months.  On  the  1st  of  January, 
1 89 1,  he  opened  a  law  office  in  this  city,  where  he  has  since  continuously  re- 
mained, now  controlling  one  of  the  largest  private  practices  in  Tacoma.  He 
served  as  a  justice  of  the  peace  for  four  years,  during  which  time  he  handled 
about  two  thousand  cases,  and  for  two  years  was  the  deputy  prosecuting 
attorney  for  Pierce  county.  He  is  a  prominent  Republican  leader,  and  at 
one  time  was  a  candidate  for  nomination  to  the  judgeship  of  the  su- 
perior court. 

After  his  arrival  in  the  northwest  Mr.  McMurray  secured  a  quarter 
section  of  government  land  in  the  southern  part  of  Pierce  county,  four  miles 
southwest  of  Eatonville,  on  which  he  has  a  pleasant  residence  and  on  which 
there  is  a  splendid  timber  tract  and  other  valuable  resources.  On  this  claim 
the  Nisqually  river  flows  through  a  gorge  and  makes  a  waterfall  of  such 
power  as  to  render  it  of  great  value  in  the  future  industrial  development  of 
this  section.  For  the  purpose  of  utilizing  this  Mr.  McMurray  has  organized 
the  Washington  Power  Company,  of  which  he  is  the  president.  Across  the 
Nisqually  he  has  built  an  aerial  tramway,  and  has  also  constructed  a  sub- 
stantial bridge  two  hundred  and  fifty  feet  above  the  water.  The  Tacoma 
Eastern  Railroad  now  runs  through  this  property. 

Mr.  McMurray  is  accorded  a  prominent  position  in  the  business  and 
professional  circles  of  the  state  of  Washington,  and  his  career  is  proving  an 
honor  to  the  commonwealth  of  his  adoption.  In  his  fraternal  relations  he  is 
a  Royal  Arch  Mason.  He  is  also  a  past  exalted  ruler  of  the  Benevolent  and 
Protective  Order  of  Elks,  and  past  great  sachem  of  the  Improved  Order  of 
Red  Men,  having  been  the  first  great  sachem  for  the  order  in  the  state  of 


The  great  forests  of  the  northwest  are  the  source  of  much  of  the  wealth 
and  the  business  activity  of  this  portion  of  the  country.  From  the  time  when 
the  trees  are  felled  until  they  are  converted  into  marketable  commodities  for 
constructive  purposes,  the  work  comprises  various  kinds  and  processes  of 
labor,  and  many  men  are  employed  in  carrying  on  the  logging  and  lumber 
business  and  kindred  industries.  Mr.  Metcalf,  who  won  considerable  reputa- 
tion west  of  the  Mississippi  as  a  journalist  and  was  first  known  to  the  people 
of  Tacoma  in  that  capacity,  is  now  a  representative  of  one  of  the  lines  of  busi- 
ness to  which  the  forests  give  rise,  being  the  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the 
Metcalf  Shingle  Company  of  Tacoma. 

A  native  of  Providence,  Rhode  Island,  he  was  born  in  1861,  a  son  of 
Alfred  and  Rosa  Clinton  (Meloy)  Metcalf.  The  father  was  born  in  Provi- 
dence, where  he  is  still  living,  and  the  city  has  been  the  home  of  the  Metcalfs 


through  many  generations.  The  progenitor  of  the  family  in  this  country 
landed  in  America  in  1629.  The  mother  of  our  subject  is  also  living,  and 
is  of  English  descent. 

Ralph  Metcalf  is  a  college-bred  man,  and  until  within  the  last  few  years 
was  prominent  in  newspaper  work.  He  was  fitted  for  responsible  positions 
in  business  life  by  attendance  at  Brown  University,  at  Cambridge,  and  the 
University  of  Michigan  at  Ann  Arbor,  being  graduated  from  the  last-named 
institution  in  1883.  During  his  college  days  at  Ann  Arbor  he  was  prom- 
inent in  athletic  circles,  and  was  manager  of  the  baseball  team.  On  leaving 
college  he  entered  the  newspaper  field  at  Winona,  Minnesota,  where  he  pur- 
chased the  Daily  Herald  and  became  its  editor.  Most  of  his  best  newspaper 
work,  however,  was  done  at  St.  Paul,  on  the  Pioneer  Press.  For  several 
years  he  was  located  in  that  city,  and  then  came  to  Tacoma  in  1889. 

Here  Mr.  Metcalf  became  editor  and  proprietor  of  the  Tacoma  Morn- 
ing Globe,  with  which  journal  he  was  thus  connected  until  1893,  when  he 
sold  his  interests  in  the  paper,  which  at  that  time  was  absorbed  by  The 
Ledger.  He  then  went  into  the  shingle  mill  business,  which  resulted  in 
the  formation  of  the  Metcalf  Shingle  Company.  In  1902  the  business  was 
incorporated,  with  a  paid-up  capital  of  one  hundred  thousand  dollars,  with 
Louis  D.  Campbell,  now  mayor  of  Tacoma,  as  the  president,  and  Mr.  Met- 
calf as  the  secretary  and  treasurer.  This  is  a  flourishing  and  growing  en- 
terprise, with  a  daily  output  of  nearly  one  million  shingles,  and  the  demand 
equals  the  capacity  of  the  plant.  The  business  has  reached  profitable  pro- 
portions, and  the  office  is  now  located  at  508  Fidelity  building,  while  the 
mills,  two  in  number,  are  situated  at  Kelso  and  Castle  Rock. 

Mr.  Metcalf  was  married  in  St.  Paul,  Minnesota,  to  Miss  Edith  Simp- 
son, and  they  have  one  child,  Elizabeth.  In  Tacoma  they  are  now  widely 
and  favorably  known,  and  Mr.  Metcalf  possesses  the  typical  spirit  of  western 
enterprise  and  progress,  which,  brooking  no  obstacles  that  can  be  overcome 
by  persistent  and  honorable  effort,  has  led  to  the  wonderful  commercial  and 
industrial  development  of  Washington. 


One  of  the  distinguished  citizens  of  Tacoma  is  Judge  John  C.  Stallcup, 
prominent  in  citizenship  and  as  a  lawyer  and  jurist.  He  is  one  of  the  recog- 
nized leaders  of  Democracy  in  Washington,  and  has  for  a  number  of  years 
been  recognized  as  a  molder  of  public  thought  and  opinion  here.  He  has 
carved  his  name  deeply  upon  the  political  and  legal  records  of  the  state,  and 
his  career  has  been  an  honor  to  the  commonwealth  which  has  honored  him. 

Judge  Stallcup  was  born  in  Georgetown,  Columbiana  county,  Ohio, 
February  8,  1841,  and  is  a  son  of  Moses  D.  and  Mary  (Chamberlain)  Stall- 
cup. His  father  was  torn  in  Virginia  of  an  old  family  of  that  state,  and 
when  a  young  man  removed  to  Ohio,  where  he  entered  upon  the  practice  of 
law  and  for  many  years  continued  a  member  of  the  bar  there.  He  died  in 
Ohio  in  1867,  and  his  wife  also  passed  away  in  that  state.  She  was  born  in 
Ohio  of  Pennsylvania  Quaker  parentage. 


When  the  Judge  was  about  four  years  of  age  his  parents  removed  from 
Columbiana  to  Stark  county,  Ohio,  locating  at  Mount  Union,  which  is  now 
a  part  of  Alliance,  Ohio.  He  there  attended  the  public  schools  and  later  con- 
tinued his  education  in  Mount  Union  College.  When  he  had  completed  his 
collegiate  work  he  removed  to  New  Lisbon,  Columbiana  county,  in  order 
that  he  might  there  take  up  the  study  of  law,  and,  having  mastered  many  of 
the  principles  of  jurisprudence,  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar  at  that  place  in 
1864.  There  he  opened  an  office  and  practiced  for  two  years,  after  which 
he  returned  to  Alliance,  where  he  lived  until  1877,  when  he  started  west- 
ward and  established  his  home  first  in  Denver,  Colorado.  For  twelve  years  he 
was  a  prominent  practitioner  in  that  city,  having  a  distinctively  representative 
clientage,  which  connected  him  with  much  of  the  important  litigation  tried 
in  the  courts  of  his  district.  He  was  also  prominent  in  political  circles,  and 
was  appointed  by  Governor  Adams  of  Colorado  as  judge  of  the  supreme 
court  commission,  which  position  he  held  for  several  years,  discharging  his 
duties  in  a  manner  that  won  him  high  encomiums  from  the  public.  He  was 
a  leading  figure  in  local  Democratic  circles,  and  for  three  times  was  unani- 
mously chosen  chairman  of  the  Arapahoe  county  Democratic  central  com- 
mittee. Again  he  was  urged  to  accept  the  chairmanship,  but  on  the  fourth 
occasion  he  refused.  He  was  also  nominated  for  state  senator.  His  sterling 
qualities  had  won  for  him  the  friendship  of  Senator  Wolcott,  who  voted  for 
Judge  Stallcup,  although  he  was  a  Republican.  He  also  gained  the  close 
friendship  of  T.  M.  Patterson,  Alva  Adams  and  other  distinguished  leaders 
of  the  Republican  party  in  Colorado. 

In  1880  Judge  Stallcup  was  united  in  marriage  in  St.  Louis,  Missouri, 
to  Miss  Mary  Pindle  Shelby,  a  representative  of  one  of  the  aristocratic  families 
of  Lexington,  Kentucky.  Her  great-grandfather,  Dr.  Pindle,  was  a  surgeon 
of  the  Revolutionary  war,  and  others  of  the  name  have  been  co-operant  fac- 
tors in  affairs  that  have  shaped  the  history  of  their  respective  states.  To  the 
Judge  and  his  wife  have  been  born  three  children :  Margery,  John  and  Evan 

The  year  1889  witnessed  the  arrival  of  Judge  Stallcup  in  Tacoma,  where 
he  opened  a  law  office  and  began  practice.  In  1892  he  was  elected  judge  of 
the  superior  court  on  a  non-partisan  ticket,  and  for  four  years  filled  that 
position,  after  which  he  served  for  a  short  time  as  city  attorney  by  appoint- 
ment of  Mayor  Fawcett.  His  office  is  at  308-311  Equitable  building,  and  his 
residence  at  317  Park  Heights.  His  preparation  of  cases  is  most  thorough 
and  exhaustive ;  he  seems  almost  intuitively  to  grasp  the  strong  points  of  law 
and  fact ;  while  in  his  briefs  and  arguments  the  authorities  are  cited  so  exten- 
sively and  the  facts  and  reasoning  thereon  are  presented  so  cogently  and  unan- 
swerably as  to  leave  no  doubt  as  to  the  correctness  of  his  views  or  of  his  con- 
clusion. No  detail  seems  to  escape  him;  every  case  is  given  its  due  promi- 
nence, and  the  case  is  argued  with  such  skill,  ability  and  power  that  he  rarely 
fails  to  gain  the  verdict  desired. 


There  are  not  many  whose  lives  are  recorded  in  this  volume  who  are 
native  to  the  west;  most  of  those  who  have  arrived  at  middle  age  have  been 


born  farther  east  and  have  cast  in  their  lot  with  this  country.  But  Mr.  Frank 
C.  Morse,  the  genial  assistant  postmaster  at  Tacoma,  has  spent  all  his  life  in 
the  region  west  of  the  Rockies,  and  is  therefore  thoroughly  imbued  with  the 
enterprising  spirit  of  the  west.  His  father,  Charles  A.  Morse,  was  born  in 
Boston,  but  in  1856  he  went  to  San  Francisco  to  take  a  position  with  the 
extensive  navy  yard  located  on  Mare  Island.  President  Lincoln  appointed 
him  to  the  position  of  naval  storekeeper  for  the  Mare  Island  navy  yard,  and 
he  held  this  office  under  successive  administrations  until  1875,  'when  he 
resigned.  His  death  occurred  in  San  Francisco  in  1889.  He  married  Caro- 
line M.  Sawyer,  who  was  born  at  Haverhill,  Massachusetts,  and  died  at 
Alameda,  California,  in  1901.  On  both  sides  of  the  family  the  ancestors  for 
several  generations  back  resided  in  this  country,  but  the  paternal  stock  was 
originally  English  and  Irish. 

So  it  was  that  Frank  C.  was  born  in  the  west,  his  birth  taking  place  at 
the  Mare  Island  navy  yard  on  April  8,  1859.  His  boyhood  was  thus  passed 
among  the  interesting  and  sometimes  stirring  sights  of  the  din  and  prepara- 
tion for  war,  home-comings  of  the  troops,  and  all  that  lends  variety  to  such 
a  place.  His  education  was  completed  at  St.  Augustine  College^  Benicia, 
California,  where  he  studied  three  years,  from  1874  to  1877.  He  first  en- 
gaged in  business  with  the  California  representative  for  the  Centemerie  kid 
gloves,  made  in  Paris,  continuing  this  for  a  little  over  a  year.  In  1879  ne 
went  to  Portland,  and  after  remaining  there  for  seven  months  moved  to  the 
young  village  of  Colfax,  Whitman  county,  Washington.  He  remained  here 
for  ten  years  in  the  employ  of  Lippitt  Brothers,  general  merchants,  and  in 
May,  1889,  President  Harrison  appointed  him  postmaster  of  Colfax,  the 
duties  of  which  office  he  discharged  for  five  years.  Then  being  appointed 
state  bookkeeper  by  State  Auditor  Grimes,  during  Governor  McGraw's  ad- 
ministration, he  removed  to  Olympia  to  perform  the  duties  of  that  position 
and  remained  there  for  three  years.  Mr.  Morse  has  lived  in  Tacoma  since 
1897,  and  on  September  17,  1899,  was  made  assistant  postmaster  under  John 
B.  Cromwell,  which  position  he  now  holds.  He  has  had  much  experience  in 
Uncle  Sam's  service  and  is  a  very  competent  official. 

Mr.  Morse  was  married  in  1887  at  Lewiston.  Idaho,  to  Miss  Belle  S. 
Sullivan.  She  is  the  sister  of  Judge  Sullivan,  of  Spokane,  and  of  linn.  P.  C. 
Sullivan,  who  is  a  prominent  politician,  was  at  one  time  candidate  for  gov- 
ernor of  Washington,  and  is  now  in  Nome,  Alaska.  One  child  has  been 
born  of  the  marriage,  who  died  when  two  years  of  age.  They  live  at  their 
nice  home  at  416  North  Tacoma  avenue.  Mr.  Morse  is  a  Republican,  hut 
devotes  all  his  time  to  his  official  duties.  He  is  very  loyal  to  his  adopted 
state,  being  especially  fond  of  the  eastern  part,  around  Colfax,  where  he 
made  his  home  for  so  long. 


The  city  of  Hamburg,  Germany,  has  been  famous  in  the  world  of  com- 
merce for  centuries,  and  it  was  one  of  the  strongest  members  of  that  greal 
commercial  union,  known  as  the  Hanseatic  League,  the  most  powerful  indus- 
trial alliance  of  the  Middle  Ages.  And  at  the  present  time  it  is  the  center 
for  much  of  the  world's  trade  by  sea.     It  is  not  at  rdl  surprising,  therefore, 


that  it  should  have  given  birth  to  many  men  who  were  noted  in  the  counting 
house,  the  bank,  and  in  all  lines  of  business  and  trade,  and  one  of  these,  who 
has  cast  his  lot  in  with  America  and  is  now  known  as  one  of  the  best  account- 
ants in  the  state  of  Washington,  is  Theodore  Shenkenberg,  who  occupies 
several  important  positions  with  firms  of  high  commercial  standing  in 

Mr.  Shenkenberg  was  born  in  Hamburg  in  February,  1849.  Tne 
fact  that  he  received  his  education  in  this  German  town  is  evidence  enough 
that  he  acquired  a  thorough,  well  rounded  training,  and,  as  he  entered  mercan- 
tile life  at  a  very  early  age,  he  became  a  skilled  and  careful  accountant.  It 
happened  that  he  was  connected  with  a  house  which  carried  on  correspondence 
with  England  and  the  United  States,  and  he  therefore  learned  the  English 
language  before  coming  to  this  country.  He  was  only  twenty  years  of  age 
when  he  came  to  this  country  in  1869,  but  he  was  thoroughly  equipped  for 
his  life  work.  He  came  west  to  Illinois  and  was  employed  in  the  capacity 
of  bookkeeper  at  a  large  nursery  at  Normal,  but  after  a  year  he  went  to  St. 
Paul,  Minnesota,  and  was  a  bookkeeper  in  several  wholesale  houses  for  two 
years.  We  next  find  him  at  Fargo,  North  Dakota,  acting  as  bookkeeper  for 
the  Northern  Pacific  Railroad  for  a  year.  At  Bismarck  he  was  employed  by 
the  Northern  Pacific  Coal  Company,  and  while  here  his  efficient  work  gained 
the  favorable  attention  of  the  president  of  the  company,  Colonel  C.  W. 
Thompson,  who  is  well  known  in  Tacoma  and  is  mentioned  elsewhere  in  this 
volume.  Mr.  Shenkenberg  became  the  bookkeeper  and  chief  clerk  for  Colonel 
Thompson,  and  has  been  connected  with  that  gentleman  in  business  ever 
since.  They  came  to  Tacoma  in  1889,  and  Mr.  Shenkenberg  has  become 
an  officer  in  each  of  the  large  concerns  organized  by  Colonel  Thompson,  who 
is  the  president  of  each.  He  is  treasurer  of  the  Washington  Co-Operative 
Mining  Syndicate,  which  operates  extensive  coal  and  copper  mines  in  the 
Carbon  river  district  in  Pierce  county ;  is  secretary  of  the  Montezuma  Mining 
Company,  which  has  copper  and  coal  interests  in  the  Tacoma  mining  district 
of  Pierce  county ;  and  is  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  Bella  Coola  Pulp  and 
Paper  Company,  which  was  recently  organized  for  the  purpose  of  building  a 
large  paper  mill  in  British  Columbia. 

Mr.  Shenkenberg  has  been  dependent  on  his  own  resources  throughout 
his  life,  and  it  was  with  his  own  earnings  that  he  came  to  this  country.  It 
has  been  through  industry  and  painstaking  endeavor  that  he  has  made  his 
present  success,  and  no  better  proof  of  his  ability  can  be  asked  than  that  he 
has  retained  the  utmost  confidence  of  Colonel  Thompson  all  these  years  and 
has  been  entrusted  with  the  details  of  his  important  business.  Mr.  Shenken- 
berg was  married  in  July,  1879,  while  he  was  residing  at  Bismarck,  Miss 
Elizabeth  Glitschka  becoming  his  wife.  Their  children  are:  Hortense,  who 
is  deceased :  Carl ;  Theodore,  deceased ;  Ethel ;  and  Elizabeth. 


Although  a  resident  of  Everett  for  but  a  brief  period,  James  T.  Grove 
has  already  left  the  impress  (if  his  individuality  upon  the  business  interests  of 
this  city  and  is  now  the  vice  president  of  the  Union  Transfer  Company.     He 


is  a  man  of  marked  energy  and  force  of  character,  readily  comprehending 
intricate  business  situations  and  carrying  forward  to  successful  completion 
whatever  he  undertakes.  Such  a  man  is  always  of  value  to  the  industrial, 
commercial  and  professional  circles  of  any  city. 

Mr.  Grove  was  born  in  Galena,  Illinois,  his  birth  occurring  on  the  29th 
of  December,  1857.  He  is  a  son  of  Frederick  Grove,  a  native  of  Cornwall, 
England,  and  who  with  his  parents  came  to  Illinois,  settling  in  that  state 
about  1833.  He  was  a  butcher  by  trade,  long  following  that  calling  in  order 
to  provide  for  his  family.  He  wedded  Mary  Jane  Lawrence,  who  was  born 
in  Illinois,  representing  one  of  the  old  families  of  that  state,  and  of  English 
lineage.  Mr.  Grove  passed  away  at  the  age  of  fifty-five  years,  and  his  wife 
died  when  fifty-three  years  of  age.  They  were  the  parents  of  three  sons  and 
two  daughters:  Laurence;  Charlie;  Clara,  who  is  the  widow  of  W.  J.  Fair; 
and  Mary  Ellen,  who  is  now  deceased. 

The  eldest  member  of  the  family  is  James  T.  Grove,  who  spent  his  boy- 
hood days  under  the  parental  roof  in  the  usual  manner  of  lads  of  that  period 
and  locality.  Work  and  play  occupied  his  time  and  attention,  and  in  the 
public  schools  of  Galena  he  pursued  his  education  until  he  attained  the  age 
of  eighteen  years.  He  worked  with  his  father  in  the  butchering  business  after 
leaving  school,  being  thus  engaged  for  about  twelve  years,  and  in  1887  he 
went  to  Chicago,  where  he  entered  the  employ  of  the  West  Division  Chicago 
Street  Railway  Company.  His  connection  with  that  corporation  continued 
until  1898,  when  he  came  to  the  northwest,  settling  first  in  Seattle.  After 
working  for  Moran  Brothers,  ship-builders  of  Seattle,  for  a  short  time,  he 
came  to  Everett  in  the  fall  of  1898  and  has  since  been  engaged  in  the  transfer 
business  here,  buying  out  the  Union  Transfer  Company.  He  incorporated 
his  business  in  1903  with  a  capital  stock  of  ten  thousand  dollars,  and  the 
present  officers  are  B.  H.  Vollans,  president;  J.  T.  Grove,  vice-president;  and 
D.  Darling,  secretary.  The  company  operates  a  general  livery  and  also  does 
an  extensive  transfer  business,  of  which  Mr.  Grove  is  general  manager.  The 
business  methods  of  the  company  are  such  as  to  gain  public  confidence,  and, 
therefore,  the  public  support,  and  the  success  of  the  enterprise  is  largely  due 
to  Mr.  Grove. 

On  the  21st  of  January,  1887,  was  celebrated  the  marriage  of  Mr.  Grove 
and  Miss  Isabella  Gray,  a  native  of  Illinois  and  a  daughter  of  John  and 
Isabella  Gray,  who  were  pioneer  settlers  of  this  state.  Mr.  Grove  is  a  member 
of  the  Modern  Woodmen  of  the  World,  and  also  has  membership  relations 
with  the  Knights  of  the  Globe.  In  his  political  views  he  is  a  Republican,  but 
has  had  no  time  for  public  office,  preferring  to  devote  his  energies  to  his 
business  affairs,  wherein  he  is  winning  advancement  and  gaining  for  himself 
a  comfortable  competence. 


Peter  L.  Opsvig  is  one  of  the  younger  representatives  of  the  medical 
fraternity,  but  his  ability  does  not  seem  to  be  limited  by  the  years  of  his 
connection  with  the  profession.  He  established  his  home  and  office  in 
Everett  in  the  fall  of  1900,  and  already  has  secured  a  good  patronage  here. 


Dr.  Opsvig  was  born  in  Norway  on  the  3th  of  December,  1868,  and  is  a 
son  of  Lars  and  Karen  Opsvig,  both  of  whom  were  natives  of  Norway  and 
belonged  to  old  families  of  the  land  of  the  midnight  sun.  The  father  fol- 
lowed farming  during  the  years  of  his  active  business  career,  thus  providing 
for  the  wants  of  his  family.  He  is  now  living  in  Norway  at  the  very  advanced 
age  of  eighty-six  years,  while  his  wife  passed  away  in  1877.  Peter  Opsvig  has 
a  brother,  Louis  P.,  who  is  residing  in  Everett,  and  also  has  a  brother  and 
three  sisters  who  are  still  living  in  the  old  country. 

Peter  L.  Opsvig  obtained  his  early  education  in  the  public  schools  of 
Aalesund  and  afterward  attended  college  there.  He  was  graduated  from 
college  in  1886,  and  later  entered  the  University  of  Christiania,  where  he 
completed  the  course  with  the  class  of  1889,  winning  the  degree  of  Bachelor 
of  Arts.  He  began  the  study  of  medicine  in  the  same  institution,  but  after 
one  year  he  came  to  the  United  States  and  made  his  way  to  California,  where 
he  matriculated  in  the  medical  department  of  the  University  of  California. 
In  that  institution  he  was  graduated  in  1900,  and  in  the  succeeding  fall  came 
to  Everett,  where  he  has  since  been  located.  He  was  not  long  in  demon- 
strating his  worthiness  of  public  confidence,  for  in  his  practice  he  showed 
marked  skill  and  ability.  He  belongs  to  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order 
of  Elks,  to  the  Royal  Arcanum,  to  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen 
and  the  Fraternal  Army  of  America,  and  in  all  of  these  organizations  is  a 
valued  representative,  being  true  to  the  beneficent  teachings  upon  which 
they  are  founded  and  to  the  spirit  of  brotherly  kindness  and  helpfulness 
which  they  inculcate.  He  exercises  his  right  of  franchise  in  support  of  the 
men  and  measures  of  the  Republican  party.  Mr.  Opsvig  is  a  young  man  of 
strong  mentality  and  broad  intellectual  training,  of  laudable  ambition  and  of 
strong  purpose,  and  in  the  land  of  his  adoption  he  has  already  won  recogni- 
tion by  reason  of  his  professional  skill  and  his  many  admirable  personal 


Albert  Louis  Van  Valey,  proprietor  and  manager  of  the  Van  Valey 
Bottling  Works  of  Everett,  an  enterprise  which  he  has  developed  from  a 
small  beginning  to  one  of  extensive  and  profitable  proportions,  was  born  on 
the  9th  of  May,  1868,  in  Washington  county,  Ohio,  a  son  of  Moses  A.  and 
Ruth  A.  (Morris)  Van  Valey,  both  of  whom  were  natives  of  Ohio,  while 
the  former  was  of  Holland  descent  and  the  latter  belonged  to  an  old  Ameri- 
can family.  The  Van  Valey  ancestors  came  to  the  United  States  during  the 
early  period  of  the  country's  development  and  established  a  home  in  the 
state  of  New  York  long  prior  to  the  Revolutionary  war.  The  father  of  our 
subject  was  a  farmer  by  occupation  and  removed  from  Ohio  to  Kansas, 
where  his  wife  died  in  1875,  when  forty-four  years  of  age.  He  long  survived 
her,  and  in  1893  came  to  Washington,  where  he  spent  his  remaining  days, 
his  death  occurring  in  1898.  The  onlv  daughter  of  the  family  is  Evvie  L., 
now  the  wife  of  J.  A.  Cooper. 

Albert  L.  Van  Valey  was  but  three  years  of  age  when  his  parents 
removed  to  Kansas,  and  be  pursued  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of 
Neosho  county,  that  stale,  until  he  was  thirteen  years  of  age,  after  which  he 


put  aside  his  textbooks  and  worked  on  his  father's  farm,  following  that  pur- 
suit until  1890,  when  he  came  to  Seattle,  where  he  engaged  with  George  T. 
Maginnis  &  Company,  as  an  employe  in  their  bottling  works.  He  spent  six 
years  there,  during  which  time  he  gained  a  thorough  and  comprehensive 
knowledge  of  the  business,  becoming  familiar  with  it  in  every  detail.  With 
the  capital  he  had  acquired  through  his  industry  and  enterprise,  and  well 
qualified  to  carry  on  a  similar  enterprise  of  his  own.  he  came  to  Everett  in 
September,  1896,  and  opened  his  business,  beginning  the  bottling  business, 
however,  on  a  small  scale  on  Riverside.  There  he  continued  his  operations 
until  he  removed  to  his  present  location  at  31.24  Paine  avenue,  where  he  now 
conducts  a  general  bottling  business  and  manufactures  all  kinds  of  mineral 
water  and  carbonated  beverages.  The  plant  is  equipped  with  the  latest  im- 
proved machinery,  with  appointments  for  carrying  on  an  extensive  trade, 
which  extends  throughout  the  county. 

On  the  24th  of  December,  1892,  at  Seattle.  Mr.  Van  Valey  was  united 
in  marriage  to  Miss  Ella  M.  Ducey,  a  native  of  Missouri,  and  a  daughter  of 
Patrick  Ducey,  who  was  of  Irish  lineage  and  came  from  the  Emerald  Isle  to 
America  when  a  boy.  He  first  resided  in  Missouri,  and  about  1870  removed 
to  Kansas.  The  home  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Van  Yaley  has  been  blessed  with 
two  daughters:  Ruth  Marie  and  Esther  May,  aged  respectivelv  six  and 
four  years.  Both  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Van  Valey  are  we'll  known  in  Everett,  and 
have  gained  the  favorable  regard  and  warm  friendship  of  many  with  whom 
they  have  come  in  contact.  Mr.  Van  Valey  belongs  to  a  number  of  civil 
societies,  in  which  he  takes  a  deep  interest,  holding  membership  with  the 
Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks,  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd 
Fellows,  the  Improved  Order  of  Red  Men  and  the  Fraternal  Order  of  Eagles. 
In  his  political  affiliations  he  is  a  Republican,  but  has  never  turned  aside  into 
political  paths  to  seek  the  honors  and  emoluments  of  office.  Instead  he  has 
given  his  undivided  attention  to  his  business  interests,  and  through  his  close 
application  and  capability  has  built  up  an  enterprise  which  has  grown  to  large 
and  profitable  proportions. 


George  W.  Osborn,  a  successful  and  well-to-do  farmer  who  formerly 
served  as  county  commissioner  of  Thurston  county,  is  a  native  of  Ohio,  his 
birth  having  occurred  in  Fairfield  county  on  the  27th  of  February,  1834. 
His  grandfather,  Jacob  Osborn.  was  born  in  Germany  and  emigrated  to 
Pennsylvania,  in  which  state  occurred  the  birth  of  Joshua  Osborn.  The 
grandfather  died  in  the  Keystone  state,  and  the  widow  and  her  family  then 
removed  to  Ohio,  where  Joshua  became  a  farmer.  Ultimately  he  removed 
to  Indiana,  later  becoming  a  representative  of  Branch  county.  Michigan, 
where  he  spent  his  remaining  days.  He  was  married  to  Miss  Harriet  Rigby, 
a  native  of  West  Virginia,  who  departed  this  life  in  the  fifty-seventh  year 
of  her  age ;  he  died  in  1893  in  his  eightieth  year.  They  were  valued  mem- 
bers of  the  Methodist  church  and  were  people  of  the  highest  respectability. 
In  their  family  were  eleven  children,  seven  sons  and  four  daughters,  five  of 
whom  are  now  living,  but  George  W.  Osborn  is  the  only  representative  of  the 


family  in  Washington.     Four  of  his  brothers  served  in  the  Civil  war,  and 
one  of  them  lost  his  life  in  the  battle  of  Murfreesboro. 

George  W.  Osborn  obtained  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Indi- 
ana, and  when  he  reached  the  age  of  nineteen  years  he  bought  his  time  of  his 
father  and  worked  as  a  farm  hand,  thus  earning  the  money  to  pay  his  father 
for  the  years  which  still  remained  of  his  minority.  In  1869  he  migrated  to 
the  Pacific  coast,  and  after  one  year  spent  at  Shoalwater  Bay  made  his^  way 
to  Thurston  county,  soon  afterward  locating  upon  his  present  farm  at  South 

In  the  spring  of  1861  Mr.  Osborn  had  been  united  in  marriage  to  Mrs. 
Minnie  A.  Carpenter,  a  daughter  of  Warren  Wheaton.  Three  of  her  brothers 
were  also  defenders  of  the  Union  cause  in  the  Civil  war,  and  the  health  of 
each  was  undermined  by  the  sufferings  and  hardships  of  that  great  sanguinary 
struggle.  By  her  first  marriage  Mrs.  Osborn  had  four  children,  and  to  our 
subject  and  his  wife  has  been  born  a  son,  Louis  W.  Osborn,  whose  birth 
occurred  in  1862.  He  was  educated  in  the  public  school,  and  is  a  talented 
and  capable  young  man,  still  with  his  parents. 

In  1 87 1  Mr.  Osborn  erected  a  little  log  house  in  the  midst  of  the  forest; 
a  blanket  was  hung  at  the  door,  and  the  furnishings  were  of  the  most  primi- 
tive nature.  All'  around  stood  the  forest  of  heavy  pine  timber,  including 
nineteen  large  trees  upon  the  rise  of  ground  where  he  decided  to  build  his 
house.  One  of  these  trees  was  nine  feet  in  diameter,  and  when  it  had  been 
cut  down  streched  along  the  ground  the  length  of  an  entire  acre.  There  were 
many  Indians  in  the  country,  and  there  was  but  one  white  woman  between 
the  Osborn  home  and  Olympia,  and  Mrs.  Osborn.  one  of  the  brave  pioneer 
women  of  the  early  times,  remained  alone  in  the  little  cabin  while  her  husband 
was  off  earning  a  living  at  the  carpenter  trade.  The  first  purchase  of  land 
comprised  forty  acres,  and  to  this  additions  were  made  from  time  to  time  as 
the  financial  resources  of  Mr.  Osborn  increased.  He  now  owns  a  good  stock 
farm,  and  is  not  only  engaged  in  the  raising  of  stock  but  also  in  the  produc- 
tion of  hay.  He  bought  one  of  the  first  Polled  Angus  cattle  introduced  here, 
and  later  secured  some  fine  Jersey  stock.  Pie  now  is  the  possessor  of  a 
splendid  bull  of  the  Roan-Durham  breed,  and  that  stock  will  now  have  pref- 
erence upon  his  farm.  Mr.  Osborn  has  also  a  number  of  choice  fruit  trees 
which  he  has  planted,  and  upon  his  place  he  raises  nearly  everything  needed 
for  home  consumption.  The  house  is  a  pleasant  and  substantial  farm  resi- 
dence sheltered  by  trees  of  his  own  planting,  and  there  he  and  his  wife  enjoy 
many  of  life's  comforts.  They  are  good  Christian  people,  spending  the  even- 
ing of  their  honorable  lives  surrounded  by  many  comforts  that  go  to  mak<* 
life  worth  living. 

Mr.  Osborn  has  always  been  a  stanch  Republican,  and  was  nominated 
and  elected  by  the  party  in  1892  to  the  responsible  office  of  county  commis- 
sioner. After  his  term  of  two  years  expired  he  was  re-elected  in  1894  for 
four  years,  proving  how  capably  he  had  served  his  fellow  townsmen  and  how 
promptly  and  efficientl)  he  had  discharged  the  duties  of  his  position.  He  is  a 
man  of  sin mg  business  sense,  and  this  quality  characterized  his  official  service. 
He  put  forth  his  best  efforts  to  reduce  the  indebtedness  of  the  county  and  at 
the  same  time  to  advance  its  interests  in  every  possible  way.  and  his  services 


were  most  commendable  and  received  the  hearty  endorsement  of  his  fellow 
citizens.  His  life  has  ever  been  honorable  and  upright,  and  Thurston  county 
owes  him  much  for  what  he  has  done  in  its  behalf,  his  labors  resulting  great  1\ 
to  the  benefit  of  the  community. 


Woman  seems  to  have  reached  her  political  ideal  in  several  of  the  states 
of  the  extreme  west.  In  these  robust  young  commonwealths  that  have 
sprung  up  along  the  slopes  of  the  Rocky  mountains  the  people  are  as  fresh 
and  free  as  the  air  they  breathe,  and  the  very  atmosphere  seems  hostile  to 
anything  like  discrimination  between  classes  or  on  account  of  sex,  nationality 
or  religion.  In  some  of  the  older  states  of  the  east  the  medieval  notion  still 
lingers  that  woman  is  an  inferior  sort  of  creature,  not  able  to  govern  herself 
much  less  a  body  of  people  in  organized  form.  Not  so  in  the  boundless 
expanse  of  the  great  northwest.  There  woman  is  accorded  all  her  rights, 
political  and  business  as  well  as  social  and  civil.  In  these  newly  formed 
commonwealths  at  least,  there  are  no  hard  or  hateful  lines  drawn  on  account 
of  race,  color  or  previous  condition  of  servitude.  In  several  of  these  states 
woman  has  been  accorded  full  rights  of  suffrage,  and  hence  it  is  no  unusual 
sight  to  see  them  filling  all  sorts  of  offices  as  well  as  assisting  to  make  the 
laws  as  members  of  legislatures.  For  this  reason  no  one  is  surprised  when 
he  drops  into  Shelton  and  sees  a  woman  acting  as  superintendent  of  county 
schools.  And  should  he  be  an  easterner  who  still  retains  the  idea  that 
women  are  unfit  for  such  places,  he  will  certainly  be  convinced  to  the  con- 
trary if  he  inspects  the  schools  and  sees  how  well  Mrs.  Knight  has  discharged 
the  duties  of  superintending  them.  He  will  find  that  no  man  could  have  done 
better  and  but  few  as  well,  and  will  doubtless  return  home  with  a  decided 
acquisition  of  new  impressions  on  the  woman  question  after  contact  with  the 
progressive  people  of  the  coast  states.  The  truth  is  that  women  have  a 
natural  aptitude  for  everything  relating  to  the  government  of  children,  and 
while,  as  every  one  admits,  they  make  ideal  teachers,  they  are  equally  success- 
ful as  principals  and  superintendents. 

Mrs.  Mary  M.  Knight,  whose  brilliant  record  in  educational  work  at 
Shelton  suggested  the  foregoing  remarks,  is  descended  from  Scotch  ancestors 
who  came  to  the  United  States  at  an  early  period.  Fler  grandfather  married 
a  Stark,  related  to  that  famous  old  Revolutionary  general  who  declared  on 
the  eve  of  a  historic  engagement :  "Either  I  will  defeat  the  British  or  Molly 
Stark  sleeps  a  widow  to-morrow  night."  Eventually  representatives  of  the 
family  found  their  way  west  and  effected  a  settlement  in  the  southern  part 
of  Michigan. 

Mrs.  Knight,  who  was  born  in  Ingham  county  of  that  state.  September 
2,  1854,  was  the  eldest  of  the  five  children  of  C.  S.  Dunbar,  and  his  only 
daughter.  She  was  educated  in  the  high  school  at  Eaton  Rapids,  Michigan, 
imbibed  a  desire  to  teach  at  an  early  age.  and  studied  with  a  view  to  qualify- 
ing herself  for  that  exalted  calling.  Her  career  as  an  educator,  begun  when 
she  was  sixteen  years  old.  has  continued  uninterruptedly  until  the  present 
time,  and  has  embraced  work  in  three  different  states.     After  going  through 


her  apprenticeship  by  teaching  a  few  terms  in  Michigan,  she  had  an  oppor- 
tunity to  exercise  her  talents  on  a  wider  field,  as  the  result  of  her  family's 
removal  to  Dakota.  Obtaining  a  position  in  the  city  schools  at  Huron,  she 
taught  there  with  marked  success  for  a  number  of  years,  and  would  probably 
have  remained  but  for  the  fact  that  her  father  and  brothers  changed  location 
to  the  state  of  Washington.  Desiring  to  be  near  her  relatives  and  especially 
the  parents  as  they  approached  old  age,  Mrs.  Knight  joined  them  in  1890. 
She  immediately  began  work  in  the  Shelton  city  schools,  where  she  taught 
most  acceptably'  for  "four  years,  and  later  was  engaged  for  five  years  in  the 
schools  at  Whatcom,  where  her  success  was  equally  pronounced.  The  educa- 
tional work  of  Mrs.  Knight,  especially  her  skill  as  a  disciplinarian,  had  at- 
tracted so  much  attention  by  1900  that  the  Democrats  nominated  her  their 
candidate  for  county  superintendent  of  schools.  At  the  ensuing  election  she 
was  chosen  by  the  people  for  that  responsible  office,  and  shortly  afterward 
entered  upon  the  discharge  of  her  duties.  Having  made  a  life  study  of  the 
subject  of  education,  and  being  thoroughly  familiar  with  the  art  of  teaching 
as  the  result  of  long  and  varied  experience,  Mrs.  Knight's  equipment  for 
such  an  office  as  county  superintendent  is  exceptional.  It  goes  without  the 
saying,  therefore,  that  she  has  made  an  excellent  official  in  all  respects,  and 
had  an  opportunity  to  display  that  enthusiasm  for  school  work  which  has 
been  the  ruling  passion  of  her  life. 

As  like  seeks  like  in  the  matrimonial  as  well  as  the  natural  world,  Miss 
Dunbar  found  her  affinity  in  Marcus  F.  Knight,  who,  like  herself,  was  a  pro- 
fessional teacher  and  filled  with  enthusiasm  for  his  work.  Mr.  Knight  was 
born  at  Hamlin,  Michigan,  and  attended  the  high  school  at  Eaton  Rapids, 
where  the  Dunbar  children  were  his  schoolmates.  His  boyish  affection  for 
Miss  Mary  ripened  into  love  at  maturity,  and  culminated  in  their  marriage 
June  29.  1876.  Similarity  of  tastes  and  employment,  aside  from  the  endear- 
ing recollections  arising  from  their  early  association  at  school,  combined  to 
make  their  union  as  eminently  fitting  in  its  beginning  as  it  has  remained  ideal 
in  its  continuance.  Mr.  Knight  has  taught  with  success  at  various  places  in 
different  states,  and  for  two  years  was  principal  of  the  city  schools  at  Shelton. 
Their  household  is  brightened  by  the  presence  of  two  daughters,  whose  names 
are  Jessie  and  Gyneth,  and  the  family  circle  is  one  of  the  happiest  imaginable. 
Mrs.  Knight's  father,  though  somewhat  advanced  in  years,  is  still  living  at 
Shelton,  as  is  also  her  brother,  C.  V.  Dunbar,  the  prominent  druggist  of  the 
same  city  whose  biography  appears  elsewhere  in  this  work.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Knight,  'like  all  sensible  people,  are  fond  of  the  comforts  of  life  as  well  as 
those  things  which  contribute  to  the  finer  tastes,  so  we  find  their  home  at 
Shelton  surrounded  by  a  small  acreage  devoted  to  a  variety  of  fruits  in- 
digenous to  that  section.  Prudent  housewifery  also  supplies  the  domestic 
table  with  honey,  poultry  and  eggs  of  their  own  raising,  and  thus  it  will  be 
seen  that  the  Knight  home  is  a" typical  American  one  in  its  comforts  and 
luxuries  as  well  as  its  robust  self-dependence.  It  is  natural  that  such  a 
household  should  attract  many  visitors  and  that  such  occupants  should  make 
many  friends,  and  both  propositions  are  found  on  inquiry  to  be  true  in  the 
case'of  the  estimable  couple  so  largely  responsible  for  the  educational  interests 
of  Shelton. 



The  old  pioneers,  even  of  the  newest  countries,  are  fast  passing  away, 
and  soon  only  their  names  and  the  memory  of  their  brave  deeds  will  be  left 
as  a  blessed  heritage  to  the  less  hardy  descendants,  who  reap  the  golden 
results  but  not  the  hardships  and  toil  of  those  who  went  before  them.  A 
half  century  is  not  a  long  period  in  the  general  history  of  the  world,  but  fifty 
years  ago  the  present  state  of  Washington  existed' only  as  the  great  oak 
lives  in  the  little  acorn;  and  of  the  men  who  were  there  to  bring  about  this 
wonderful  growth  only  a  few  survive  and  witness  the  fruit  of  their  early 
toils.  In  this  small  number  of  sturdy  pioneers  may  well  be  counted  Mr. 
S.  A.  Phillips,  who  still  retains  the  old  donation  claim  which  he  took  from 
the  government  fifty  years  ago,  located  three  miles  south  of  the  city  of 
Chehalis,  Lewis  county. 

On  both  sides  of  the  house  the  grandfathers  of  Mr.  Phillips  were  partici- 
pants in  the  struggles  of  the  Revolutionary  war.  Edward  Phillips,  his 
father,  came  to  Monroe  county,  Michigan,  in  1835,  and  was  one  of  the 
pioneer  settlers  of  Oakland  county  of  that  state.  He  died  in  Macomb 
county,  Michigan,  in   1849,  aged  seventy-seven  years. 

Mr.  S.  A.  Phillips  and  his  brother  James  T.  are  the  only  survivors  of 
the  family,  and  both  reside  in  Lewis  county.  S.  A.  Phillips  was  born  in 
Cayuga  county,  New  York,  November  1,  1830,  came  with  his  father  to 
Michigan,  and  when  twenty-one  years  of  age  left  his  home  in  that  state, 
took  passage  in  a  steamer  and  by  way  of  the  Isthmus  arrived  in  San  Fran- 
cisco in  1852.  From  there  he  came  to  Olympia,  near  which  place  he  took  a 
donation  claim  and  built  a  little  home.  During  the  Indian  war  of  1855-56 
this  house  and  all  his  moveable  property  and  crops  were  destroyed  by  the 
Indians.  He  enlisted  and  did  active  service  in  the  campaign  against  the 
redskins  until  the  close,  furnishing  his  own  horse  and  equipment ;  he  was 
never  reimbursed  for  his  losses  or  his  services  until  by  a  recent  act  of  Con- 
gress he  was  allowed  a  pension  of  eight  dollars  a  month,  which  he  will  soon 
begin  to  receive.  He  settled  on  his  present  ranch  in  Lewis  county  in  1858. 
During  the  first  years  of  his  residence  here  he  was  compelled  to  go  to  Port- 
land and  Olympia  for  his  supplies,  fording  all  the  rivers  and  undergoing  all 
the  hardships  incident  to  pioneer  life,  paying  a  dear  price  for  his  simple 
frontier  home.  He  was  industrious,  and  by  his  diligence  has  made  a  fine 
farm  and  on  it  has  erected  a  nice  residence.  As  time  passed  and  he  was 
prospered  he  added  to  his  land  one  hundred  and  sixty  acres,  so  that  he 
owned  four  hundred  and  eighty  acres. 

In  the  same  year  that  he  took  up  his  residence  in  Lewis  county  he  was 
united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Jane  Moore,  who  died  in  1868.  leaving  two 
children.  The  daughter  is  now  Mrs.  Adela  Cregg  and  lives  in  Lewiston, 
Idaho;  Edward  Phillips,  the  son.  was  born  in  1859,  married  Margaret  John- 
son, a  native  of  Scotland,  and  had  two  children,  Elva  and  Nbrval.  Mr. 
Phillips  has  given  his  son  one  hundred  and  thirty  acres  of  his  estate.  In 
1870  he  took  for  his  second  wife  Miss  May  Jackson,  whose  father  was  one 
of  the  oldest  pioneers  of  this  county,  and  it  will  be  of  interest  to  briefly  sketi  h 
his  life. 


John  R.  Jackson  was  a  native  of  England;  he  came"  to  this  country  and 
emigrated  to  the  state  of  Washington  in  1844.  He  located  in  Lewis  county, 
and  the  prairie  on  which  he  settled  took  his  name  and  has  ever  since  been 
known  as  Jackson's  Prairie.  In  the  primitive  log  house  which  he  budt  on 
his  claim  was  held  the  first  court  of  justice  in  the  county;  he  served  as 
probate  judge  of  the  county  for  many  years,  and  was  a  successful  farmer 
and  respected  citizen.  He  died  May  24,  1873,  when  seventy-three  years  of 
age.  His  religious  views  were  those  of  the  Episcopalian  church.  His  wife 
crossed  the  plains  in  1847  and  was  one  of  the  brave  pioneer  women  of  the 
country.  She  was  a  widow,  Mrs.  Koontz,  and  she  married  Mr.  Jackson  in 
May,  1848,  and  her  son,  Barton  Koontz,  now  lives  on  the  old  home.  This 
estimable  lady  passed  away  February  14,  1901,  when  ninety  years  old,  and 
she  was  the  oldest  woman  pioneer  of  Lewis  county  at  the  time  of  her  death. 
There  were  six  children  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Jackson,  and  the  two  daugh- 
ters are  still  living:  Louisa  is  now  the  wife  of  Joseph  Weir,  and  May  is 
Mrs.  Phillips. 

Mr.  S.  A.  Phillips  is  an  honest,  self-reliant  man,  has  preferred  to  paddle 
his  own  canoe  throughout  his  life,  has  never  joined  any  society  or  taken  a 
pledge;  thinks  liquor  is  a  good  thing  in  its  proper  place,  has  not  hesitated  to 
drink  when  he  wished,  but  has  always  known  when  was  the  right  time  to 
stop;  he  has  always  based  his  moral  conduct  on  the  Golden  Rule,  although 
he  does  not  profess  to  have  never  fallen  short  in  its  practical  application; 
always  punctual  in  the  payment  of  his  debts,  he  has  gained  a  most  enviable 
reputation  in  the  business  world,  and  now  in  the  seventieth  year  of  his  life 
his  past  is  one  in  which  he  may  feel  a  justifiable  pride,  and  his  future  is  not 
an  object  of  fear. 


This  prominent  minister  and  educator  of  Parkland,  Washington,  is  a 
native  of  Norway,  born  near  Christiansand  in  1848,  and  was  about  thirteen 
years  old  when  his  parents  emigrated  to  this  country,  in  1861.  The  family 
located  in  La  Salle  county,  Illinois,  on  a  farm,  and  this  place  was  the  scene 
of  his  boyhood  days.  His  parents  were  poor,  and  he  was  forced  from  a  very 
early  age  to  earn  his  own  living,  but  he  was  from  the  first  consumed  with  a 
thirst  for  knowledge  and  an  ambition  to  become  a  minister.  To  accomplish 
this  purpose  he  entered  the  Lutheran  college  at  Decorah,  Iowa,  where  he 
studied  for  six  years,  in  the  meantime  supporting  himself  by  farm  work  and 
teaching.  He  graduated  in  1871  and  then  went  to  St.  Louis,  where  the  next 
three  years  were  spent  in  the  preparation  for  the  ministry  at  the  Concordia 
Theological  Seminary,  and  he  completed  the  course  in  1874. 

The  enthusiasm  and  earnestness  which  were  his  characteristics  in  this 
earlier  training  were  still  more  strikingly  illustrated  in  his  first  real  work. 
He  came  out  to  what  was  then  a  raw  frontier  country,  the  Red  River  valley 
of  North  Dakota,  where  he  was  a  missionary  preacher  for  the  Norwegian 
Lutheran  synod.  Almost  no  salary  was  attached  to  this  labor,  and  he  helped 
support  himself  by  taking  up  a  claim  and  farming  it  in  addition  to  his  other 
strenuous  toil.     He  experienced  all  the  hardships  of  pioneer  life,  but  was  of 


such  a  nature  that  he  enjoyed  it,  and  his  zeal  was  rewarded  by  the  establish- 
ment of  churches  throughout  the  Red  River  valley,  a  church  and  people  that 
have  since  become  powerful  in  that  section  of  the  country.  He  remained 
there  until  1890,  when  he  was  chosen  by  the  church  to  be  president  in  charge 
of  the  Pacific  district  of  the  Norwegian  Lutheran  synod,  an  office  somewhat 
similar  to  that  of  bishop  in  the  Episcopal  church;  the  district  embraces 
Washington,  Oregon,  California,  those  parts  of  Montana  and  Idaho  which 
are  west  of  the  grand  divide,  and  Alaska.  On  coming  here  he  established 
himself  in  the  beautiful  suburb  of  Tacoma,  Parkland,  where  he  built  a  church. 
In  1 89 1  he  began  the  task  of  building  a  Norwegian  college  at  Parkland. 
The  building  was  begun  during  the  good  times  of  the  western  part  of  the 
country,  but  about  the  time  the  building  was  ready  for  dedication  the  panic 
of  1893  was  at  its  height,  and  only  by  the  efforts  of  Rev.  Harstad  did  the 
undertaking  succeed.  The  school  was  dedicated  in  1894,  and  from  then  till 
1899  Rev.  Harstad  traveled  all  over  the  district  soliciting  aid  to  pay  off  the 
indebtedness,  and  in  1898  he  even  went  to  Alaska,  where  he  remained  a  year, 
building  up  the  church,  establishing  missions,  ordaining  ministers  and  getting 
contributions  for  the  college.  But  the  task  was  finally  successfully  completed. 
The  Pacific  Lutheran  Academy,  as  the  school  is  known,  has  a  beautiful 
situation,  and  the  building  is  a  large  four-story  brick,  erected  at  a  cost  of 
between  ninety  and  one  hundred  thousand  dollars.  The  doors  are  open  to 
both  sexes,  and  there  are  about  one  hundred  and  fifty  pupils.  Five  courses 
of  instruction  are  offered,  ranging  from  two  to  four  years  each,  and  every 
department  is  in  the  hands  of  thoroughly  competent  instructors,  so  that  a 
brilliant  future  awaits  the  school.  The  principal  is  Professor  N.  J.  Hong, 
and  Rev.  Harstad  is  himself  professor  of  religion,  Norwegian  and  Greek, 
and  also  teaches  in  the  local  parochial  school.  For  several  years  he  has  been 
the  editor  of  the  Pacific  Herald,  a  semi-secular  Norwegian  weekly,  published 
at  Parkland.  He  has  given  up  his  presidency  of  the  district,  preferring  to 
remain  constantly  at  Parkland,  where  he  is  also  the  minister  of  the  local 
church.  He  has  built  a  fine  home  here,  has  eight  children,  and  conducts  his 
orchard  and  farm  with  the  aid  of  his  sons. 


The  profession  of  medicine  now  numbers  in  its  ranks  some  of  the 
most  eminent  men  of  the  country,  men  of  great  force  of  character,  who  arc 
devoting  their  lives  to  saving  and  promoting  the  life  of  mankind.  And  as 
the  standard  of  the  profession  rises,  the  class  of  men  attracted  to  it  becomes 
higher.  One  of  the  prominent  physicians  and  surgeons  of  Olympia,  who  has 
not  only  made  a  splendid  record  as  a  medical  practitioner  but  has  also  become 
one  of  the  leading  business  men  of  the  city,  is  Dr.  Mowell.  The  Vfowell 
family  comes  of  the  sturdy  Teutonic  stock,  and  grandfather  Nicholas  Mowell 
was  born  in  Germany,  spent  fourteen  years  of  his  life  in  the  German  army, 
and  then  emigrated  to  Indiana  county,  Pennsylvania,  where  lie  was  a  suc- 
cessful agriculturist  and  where  he  resided  until  his  death  in  the  eighty-sixth 
year  of  his  life. 

His  son,  George  W.  Mowell,  was  born  in  Indiana  county  on  March  26, 


1836,  remained  on  his  father's  farm  until  he  became  of  age,  at  the  beginning 
of  the  Civil  war  offered  his  services  as  musician,  and  acted  for  some  time  in 
this  capacity  and  also  was  engaged  in  the  recruiting  office  part  of  the  time, 
continuing  in  the  service  to  the  end.  Before  entering  the  service  he  married 
Elizabeth  B.  Smith,  also  of  German  ancestry  and  a  native  of  Shamokin, 
Northumberland  o  unty,  Pennsylvania.     In  the  spring  of  1866  they  removed 

enton  county,  Missouri,  and  settled  upon  the  farm  where  they  have  ever 
since  made  their  home.  -Mr.  Mowell  is  an  active  citizen  of  his  county  and 
held  van.  ms  offices,  being  one  -1  the  commissioners  of  the  county.  In 
religious  belief  the)  were  Lutherans,  but,  there  being  no  church  of  that 
denomination  near  them,  they  joined  the  Baptist  church  and  have  been  de- 
voted and  useful  members  in  that  organization. 

John  Wilson  Mowell  is  the  only  member  of  the  above  family  residing 
m  Washington.  His  birth  occurred  in  Davidsville,  Pennsylvania,  on  the 
5th  of  March,   [861,  and  he  was  accordingly  only  live  years  of  age  when  his 

tits  brought  him  to  the  state  of  Missouri,  lie  received  his  education  in 
Warrensburg,  Missouri,  at  the  State  Normal  School.  He  taught  school  for 
live  terms  and  studied  medicine  in  the  Missouri  Medical  College  at  St.  Louis, 
where  he  graduated  in  [888.  lie  served  his  novitiate  as  medical  practitioner 
in  his  native  state  for  three  years,  and  then  in  [891  arrived  in  Olympia.  At 
first  he  experi  ome  rather  hard  times,  but   he  soon  became  acquainted 

and  has  built  up  a  large  practice,  and  not  only  stands  in  the  front  rank  of  the 
local  physicians,  but  has  made  a  reputation  as  a  good,  progressive  business 
man.  He  is  a  director,  stockholder  and  vice  president  in  the  Olympia  National 
Bank,  and  is  a  stockholder  and  director  in  the  Puget  Sound  Sea  Fruit  Com- 
pany; this  company  is  engaged  in  the  manufacture  of  clam  chowder,  thus 
Utilizing  the  large  number  of  clams  to  be  found  in  the  bay  and  furnishing 
the  town  another  useful  industry.  The  Doctor  is  the  official  physician  of 
the  Northern  1'acilic  Railroad  and  of  the  Port  Townsend  and  Southern 
Kail  1 

In    [898   Mr.    Mowell   was  married  to   Ada   Sprague,  who  is  a  native  of 

blah-  mes  Erom  a  Puritan  ancestor  who  came  over  in  the  Mayflower. 

The  Doctor  is  a  membei  oi  Olympia  Lodge  No.   [,  F.  &  A.  M.     In  politics 

'  lican.     He  is  a  prominenl  member  of  the  State  Medical  Society 

and  secretarj  of  the  Count)   Medical  Society. 


Since  tin-  earl)  days  of  the  country's  history  the  Worden  family  have 
occupied  a  distinctive  place,  and  b  borne  their  part  in  the  upbuilding 

and  development  in  the  regions  in  which  they  have  resided.  They  are  of 
Welsh  and  English  ancestry,  and  tin  progenitor  of  the  family  in  this  country 
!-M. ned  in  Massachusetts  in  the  seventeenth  century,  but  gradually  they  be- 
came scattered,  a  part  locating  in  Fairfield  county.  Connecticut,  and  part  in 
Sarat  inty,    New     York,    and    at    the    present    time    our    subject    has 

numerous  relatives  living  in  Xew  Haven  and  Fairfield  countv.  Connecticut. 
Representatives  of  this  old  and  honored  family  participated  in  the  Revolu- 
tionary war  and  in  the  other  early  struggles  of  this  country. 

/4— ^-< 




Warren  T.  Worden,  the  father  of  Warren  A.,  was  born  in  Galway, 
Saratoga  county,  New  York,  but  in  his  early  age  the  family  moved  to 
Auburn,  that  state,  where  he  became  a  lawyer,  reputed  to  be  one  of  the  best 
in  the  state  of  New  York  in  his  day,  and  he  enjoyed  a  large  general  practice. 
His  brother  was  a  brother-in-law  of  William  H.  Seward,  of  Auburn,  and 
secretary  of  state.  Air.  Worden's  death  occurred  in  that  city  in  1891,  at  the 
age  of  eighty-four  years.  The  mother  of  our  subject,  who  was  born  in 
Saratoga  county,  New  York,  was  a  second  cousin  of  her  husband,  and  her 
death  occurred  in  Tacoma,  Washington,  to  which  city  she  had  removed  with 
our  subject. 

Warren  A.  Worden  was  born  in  Auburn,  New  York,  in  1847,  and  there 
received  his  elementary  education,  which  was  later  supplemented  by  a  course 
in  Hobart  College,  of  Geneva,  in  which  he  was  a  member  of  the  class  of 
1869.  He  then  made  an  extensive  tour  through  Europe,  visiting  all  of  its 
principal  cities  and  countries,  and  returned  to  his  home  in  1869,  where  he 
began  the  study  of  law  in  his  father's  office.  He  was  admitted  to  the  bar  at 
Syracuse  in  1871,  and  on  the  16th  of  Qctpber^  1873,  at  Washington,  was 
admitted  to  practice  in  the  supreme '■court' iff  'the'  United  States,  upon  motion 
of  Attorney  General  Williams  during  Grant's  admifiistration,  and  who  is  now 
mayor  of  Portland,  Oregon.  After  successfully  following  the  practice  of  his 
chosen  profession  for  a  time  in  his  native  city,  his  health  became  impaired 
and  he  accepted  a  consular  position  in  Canada,  under  the  Hayes  administra- 
tion, serving  in  different  cities  -in  mat  country  niltil  Cleveland's  administra- 
tion in  1885,  after  which  he  returned  to  Auburn  to  take  charge  of  his  father's 
business,  this  continuing  until  the  latter's  death.  The  year  1891  witnessed 
the  arrival  of  Mr.  Worden  in  Tacoma,  Washington,  where  he  has  ever  since 
been  numbered  among  the  legal  practitioners.  He  is  an  indefatigable  and 
earnest  worker,  and  is  proficient  in  every  department  of  the  law.  He  is  also 
serving  as  master  in  chancery  for  the  United  States  circuit  court,  and  referee 
in  bankruptcy  for  the  United  States  district  court. 

The  marriage  of  Mr.  Worden  was  celebrated  in  1871,  in  Auburn,  New 
York,  when  Miss  Mary  S.  Carpenter  became  his  wife.  She,  too,  is  a  native 
of  that  city,  and  she  and  her  husband  were  schoolmates  in  their  youth.  They 
have  three  daughters,  Mrs.  Clara  W.  Hall,  Emily  B.  and  Mary  T.  Mr. 
Worden  is  a  member  of  the  Episcopal  church. 


Bradford  L.  Hill,  the  leading  Olympia  druggist,  is  a  descendant  of  a 
New  England  family  which  came  to  this  country  two  hundred  and  seventy- 
five  years  ago,  and  have  accordingly  been  among  the  makers  of  history  of 
this  country.  The  original  progenitor  of  the  family  in  America  was  Reuben 
Hill.  Bradford,  the  grandfather  of  our  subject,  was  born  in  Middlebury, 
Addison  county,  Vermont,  in  1805,  and  when  seven  years  old  was  taken  by 
his  parents  to  Genesee  county,  New  York,  where  he  grew  to  manhood  and 
learned  the  carpenter's  trade  and  engaged  in  contracting  and  building.  In 
1836  he  embarked  his  wife  and  three  children  in  a  "prairie  schooner"  and 
drove  across  the  country  to  Galena,  Illinois;  at  that  time  it  was  thought  that 


this  city  would  be  the  metropolis  of  Illinois.  From  here  he  removed  to  La- 
porte,  Indiana,  but  because  of  sickness  in  his  family  he  took  them  to  Waterloo, 
Jefferson  county,  Wisconsin,  settling  there  in  1842,  on  a  farm  nine  miles 
from  the  nearest  neighbor;  here  he  remained  for  nineteen  years,  engaged  in 
farming.  His  next  move  was  to  Dodge  county,  Minnesota,  and  in  1868  he 
came  to  towa,  where  he  built  a  grist  mill  at  Lime  Spring,  Howard  county. 
His  long  and  eventful  life  was  ended  in  death  in  1885,  and  his  wife  passed 
away  four  years  later,  at  the  age  of  seventy-six;  they  had  lived  in  conformity 
with  the  teachings  of  the  Universalist  faith. 

Henry  Reuben  Hill,  the  father  of  Bradford  L.,  was  born  on  his  father's 
farm  in  Wisconsin,  January  2,  1843,  and  passed  his  early  life  in  the  labor  of 
the  farm  and  in  attendance  of  the  country  schools.  At  the  age  of  eighteen 
he  enlisted  in  the  army  for  service  in  the  Civil  war,  but  was  removed  by  his 
father.  In  the  fall  of  [862,  however,  he  enlisted  in  the  First  Regiment, 
Minnesota  Mounted  Rangers,  and  served  with  Pope  against  the  Indians  in 
Minnesota  and  Dakota;  he  was  in  all  the  battles  of  Sibley's  campaigns  and 
received  an  honorable  discharge  in  December,  1863.  He  then  enlisted  in 
Company  B,  One  Hundred  and  Thirty-seventh  Illinois  Volunteer  Infantry, 
and  was  on  the  picket  line  at  .Memphis  when  General  Forest  made  his  attack 
on  August  jo,  1864.  He  was  discharged  September  25,  1864,  and  in  the 
spring  of  the  next  year  again  enlisted,  but  was  rejected  on  account  of  disa- 
bility received  in  the  service.  Since  the  war  he  has  engaged  in  farming, 
painting,  merchandising,  and  in  the  drug  business  for  a  number  of  years, 
spending  a  large  part  of  the  time  in  Jewell,  Washington  and  Republic  coun- 
ties, Kansas.  In  1890  he  came  to  Olympia,  where  he  has  been  engaged  in 
painting  and  oystering,  but  is  now  retired  from  active  pursuits.  He  is  inde- 
pendent in  politics,  but  has  great  admiration  for  President  Roosevelt.  He  is 
a  member  of  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic  and  is  past  commander  of  his 
post;  he  i-  secretary  of  Olympia  Lodge  No.  1,  F.  &  A.  M.,  and  has  been  a 
Knight  of  Pythias  lor  the  past  twenty-two  \ears.  On  December  12,  1867,  he 
was  man  led  to  Miss  Amanda  M.  Loring,  and  a  son  and  a  daughter  have 
been  born,  the  latter  being  now  a  successful  teacher  in  the  Tacoma  public 
schi  k  1] 

The  smi.  Bradford  I..  Hill,  claims  Iowa  as  the  state  of  his  nativity,  being 
Dun  there  in  the  town  of  Lime  Spring,  on  the  1  ith  of  September,  1868.  He 
was  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  received  his  technical  training  in  the 
pharmacy  department  of  the  University  of  Kansas.  He  has  been  in  the  drug 
business  all  his  life,  in  Nebraska  and  other  states.  He  came  to  Washington 
in  [890,  and  for  eight  years  was  clerk  in  the  store  of  Sawyer  &  Filley,  but 
in  [900  organized  the  1'..  I..  Hill  Drug  Company,  of  which  K.  R.  Brown  was 
thi   ,  ent.     Under  his  energetic  and  capable  management  the  business  has 

increased  until  the  firm  takes  front  rank  among  the  drug  houses  of  the  city. 
The  store  is  in  tin-  <  entei  of  the  business  district  and  has  a  large  stock  of  pure 
drugs  and  all  articles  making  up  a  first  class  establishment.  The  firm  manu- 
factures large  qua!  tii  of  baking  powder  and  its  own  corn,  headache  and 
similai  Mi.  Hill  is  a  member  of  the  Pharmacy  Alumni  Association 

of  the  University  of  Kansas,  In  politics  he  is  a  Democrat,  and  belongs  to 
(  llympia  lodge  X".  1.  I.  0.  O.  !■'..  the  Woodmen  of  the  World,  ami  Olympia 


lodge  No.  i,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.     He  is  in  every  way  a  representative  business 
man  of  Olympia  and  deserves  especial  mention  in  this  volume. 


Douglas  Thompson  Winne,  a  practitioner  at  the  bar  of  Whatcom,  was 
born  in  Waterloo,  Iowa,  October  6,  1869,  and  on  both  the  paternal  and  ma- 
ternal side  comes  of  ancestry  honorable  and  distinguished.  His  father,  John 
L.  Winne,  a  native  of  New  York,  was  descended  from  the  second  burgomaster 
of  New  York.  He  was  of  English  and  Scotch  descent,  and  early  in  the  seven- 
teenth century  located  at  what  was  then  Fort  Orange,  but  is  now  Albany, 
New  York.  The  father  of  our  subject  became  an  extensive  stock-raiser.  Re- 
moving to  the  west,  he  became  the  owner  of  large  ranches  in  Iowa  and 
Nebraska,  on  which  he  herded  many  hundred  head  of  cattle,  doing  a  profitable 
business.  He  died  in  1877.  His  wife,  Mrs.  Clarissa  J.  Winne,  was  a  native 
of  New  York  and  bore  the  maiden  name  of  Thompson.  She  was  descended 
from  English  ancestry  who  came  to  America  in  early  colonial  times,  the  family 
being  founded  here  in  1630,  when  representatives  of  the  name  located  at 
Salem,  Massachusetts.  Mrs.  Winne  numbers  among  her  ancestors  Count 
Rumford,  an  American  scientist  of  note;  General  De  Witt  Clinton,  who  was 
governor  of  New  York,  and  also  Governor  Bradford  of  Massachusetts  and 
Colonel  Eben  Francis  Thompson,  of  that  state.  Mrs.  Winne  belongs  to  the 
Daughters  of  the  American  Revolution,  by  virtue  of  the  service  which  her 
ancestors  rendered  the  patriot  army  in  the  struggle  for  independence.  She 
was  regarded  as  one  of  the  best  read  women  in  Wisconsin  during  her  residence 
in  that  state,  and  she  is  now  held  in  the  highest  regard  in  Whatcom,  where 
she  is  living  with  her  son.  Mrs.  Winne  has  during  the  last  fifteen  years  been 
active  in  church  and  temperance  work,  has  contributed  various  literary  and 
other  articles  to  different  magazines  and  newspapers  for  publication. 

Douglas  T.  Winne  acquired  his  early  education  in  the  public  schools  and 
supplemented  it  by  study  in  Lawrence  University,  of  Wisconsin,  where  he 
pursued  the  ancient  classical  course,  and  was  graduated  in  1892  with  the 
degree  of  Bachelor  of  Arts.  He  then  took  a  post-graduate  course  in  the  same 
institution  and  won  the  degree  of  Master  of  Arts.  Desiring  to  make  the  prac- 
tice of  law  his  life  work,  he  prepared  for  the  profession  as  a  student  in  the 
law  department  of  the  University  of  Wisconsin,  of  which  he  is  a  graduate  of 
the  class  of  1894.  Biographical  mention  of  the  Winne  family  m;i\  lie  Hound 
in  the  "  Bench  and  Bar  of  Wisconsin,"  published  in  1883;  in  the  "  History  of 
the  University  of  Wisconsin";  and  also  in  "The  Men  of  Progress  of  Wis- 
consin." While  in  law  school  our  subject  made  a  reply  which  became  noted. 
He  was  asked  by  the  dean  of  the  department  how  he  would  advise  a  client 
on  a  given  proposition  of  law,  and,  being  unable  to  answer,  said  to  the  dean 
that  he  would  advise  the  client  to  consult  a  lawyer.  This  reply  has  been  pub- 
lished in  frequent  editions  of  the  Annual  of  the  University. 

Leaving  college  Mr.  Winne  began  the  active  practice  of  law  in  Appleton, 
Wisconsin,  where  he  remained  until  the  fall  of  1899,  when  he  started  west- 
ward. He  traveled  for  a  number  of  months  for  the  benefit  of  his  mother's 
health,  and  then  settled  in  Whatcom,  in  June.  1900.  where  he  opened  his 
office  and  has  since  built  up  a  fine  practice,  which  is  rapidly  increasing.     He 


now  has  a  distinctively  representative  clientage,  and  his  legal  learning  and 
careful  analysis  of  cases  have  made  him  a  forceful  member  of  the  bar.  He 
has  also  been  connected  with  some  important  industrial  companies  of  What- 
com, and  has  represented  a  number  of  corporations  as  attorney. 

Mr.  Winne  belongs  to  the  Congregational  church,  and  socially  is  con- 
nected with  several  secret  societies.  In  politics  an  earnest  Republican,  he  is 
active  in  the  ranks  of  the  party,  and  while  in  Appleton,  Wisconsin,  he  served 
as  city  attorney  in  1896,  and  during  '98  and  '99  was  attorney  for  the  Chicago, 
Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  Railway  Company.  He  attended  different  state  con- 
ventions there,  and  was  also  delegate  from  Wisconsin  to  national  conventions 
of  his  party.  He  does  not  seek  office  as  a  reward  for  party  fealty,  content  to 
do  his  duly  without  this  recognition  of  his  service. 


During  the  years  which  marked  the  period  of  the  professional  career  of 
Dr.  Cox.  he  has  met  with  gratifying  success,  and,  though  his  connection  with 
the  medical  fraternity  here  dates  back  for  only  a  comparatively  brief  period, 
he  has  won  the  patronage  of  many  of  the  leading  citizens  and  families  of 
Everett.  1  te  als<  1  has  the  good  will  of  the  public.  A  close  and  discriminating 
student,  he  endeavors  to  keep  abreast  with  the  times  in  everything  relating 
to  discoveries  in  the  medical  science,  being  a  reader  of  the  leading  journals 
devoted  to  the  discussion  of  the  "  ills  to  which  flesh  is  heir"  and  the  treat- 
ment thereof.  Progressive  in  his  ideas  and  favoring  modern  methods  as  a 
whole,  he  vet  does  not  dispense  with  the  true  and  tried  systems  which  have 
stood  the  test  of  years. 

Dr.  t  ox  was  bom  on  the  20th  of  September,  1858,  in  Flint  Branch, 
.Mitchell  county,  North  Carolina,  and  is  the  eldest  son  and  second  child  of 
Samuel  W.  ami  Cynthia  (Blalock)  Cox.  The  father  was  born  in  North 
Carolina  of  an  old  American  family  of  English  and  German  lineage.  He  was 
a  fanner  b)  06  upation,  and  in  the  year  1873  left  the  Atlantic  coast  to  find  a 
home  upon  the  Pacific  seaboard,  lie  made  his  way  to  Walla  Walla,  Washing- 
ton, and  after  twenty  years  spent  in  this  section  of  the  country  died  in  Janu- 
ary. [893,  at  the  age  of  sixty  six  years.  I  lis  wife  was  also  a  native  of  North 
I  1  !  na  mkI  belonged  to  a  family  that  was  early  established  in  the  new 
world.  She.  too.  was  of  English  and  German  descent,  and  she  was  a  sister 
of  Dr.  N.  G.  Blalock,  who  has  been  for  many  years  a  distinguished  physician 
of  the  northwest,  was  graduated  in  the  Jefferson  Medical  College  at  Phila- 
delphia. Pennsylvania,  in  the  class  of  1861,  and  for  thirty  years  has  been  a 
medical  practitionei  of  Walla  Walla,  prominent  in  his  profession  and  having 
a  very  large  patronage,  which  was  accorded  him  in  reward  of  his  marked  capa- 
bility. I  lie  mothei  1  1  our  subject  passed  away  while  the  family  was  still  living 
in  North  Carolina,  her  death  occurring  in  [867,  when  she  was  only  twenty- 
nin<  1  age.     Four  daughters  and  two  sons  were  born  of  her  marriage: 

Addie.  who  is  now  the  wife  of  (leorge  Rasmus,  a  resident  of  Walla  Walla; 
William  C;  Huldah,  who  1,  the  wife  of  S.  S.  Parris,  who  is  living  near 
Athena.  1  Iregon;  Nelson  D.,  who  makes  his  home  at  Prosser.  Washington; 
Ura,  who  is  the  wife  of  1  >r.  J.  I'.  Trice,  of  Nfez  Perce,  Idaho;  and  Victa,  who 
is  the  wife  of  Thomas  Yoe,  of  Davton,  Washington. 

/  / 





William  Columbus  Cox  was  a  youth  of  fifteen  when  he  accompanied  his 
father  to  Walla  Walla  in  1873.  He  there  continued  his  education  in  the  pub- 
lic schools,  pursuing  his  studies  until  nineteen  years  of  age.  He  afterward 
worked  upon  his  uncle's  farm  until  1882,  and  in  the  fall  of  the  same  year, 
having  determined  to  devote  his  life  to  professional  work,  he  matriculated  in 
the  Jefferson  Medical  College  of  Philadelphia,  from  which  he  was  graduated  on 
the  completion  of  a  thorough  course,  on  the  2d  of  April,  1885,  winning  the 
degree  of  M.  D.  Well  equipped  for  his  chosen  profession,  he  then  returned 
to  Walla  Walla,  where  he  took  up  the  practice  of  medicine  in  connection  with 
his  uncle,  the  distinguished  Dr.  Blalock.  This  relation  was  maintained  until 
April,  1886,  at  which  time  Dr.  Cox  removed  to  Genesee,  Idaho,  where  he 
remained  in  the  active  practice  of  medicine  for  five  years.  On  the  6th  of  July, 
189 1,  he  came  to  Everett,  where  he  again  opened  an  office  and  where  he  has 
continued  in  practice  up  to  the  present  time,  covering  a  period  of  twelve  years. 
His  knowledge  of  the  science  of  medicine  is  comprehensive  and  exact,  and  in 
his  application  of  his  learning  to  the  needs  .of  suffering  humanity  he  displayed 
marked  skill,  his  labors  being  attended  with  a  high  degree  of  success.  Owing 
to  this  he  has  secured  a  large  patronage,  .and'  thereby  has  a  good  annual  in- 
come. He  is  now  serving  as  local  surgeon  for  the  Great  Northern  Railroad 
Company,  for  the  Northern  Pacific  Railroad  Company  and  the  Everett  Rail- 
way &  Electric  Company.  '   . 

Prominent  and  influential,  Dr.  Cox  has  been  elected  to  various  positions 
of  public  trust.  In  1S90  he  was  chosen  mayor  of  Genesee,  Idaho,  serving  for 
one  year,  and  in  1894  he  was  elected  councilman  of  Everett,  but  when  he  had 
filled  that  position  for  four  months  he  resigned.  In  1895  he  was  nominated 
and  elected  mayor  of  Everett,  and  served  through  the  succeeding  year.  In 
1900  he  was  a  member  of  the  state  board  of  medical  examiners,  and  has  acted 
in  that  position  up  to  the  present  time,  being  at  this  writing,  in  1903,  the  vice- 
president  of  that  body.  His  political  support  has  ever  been  given  to  the 
Democracy,  and  in  positions  of  public  trust  he  has  been  found  most  loyal  to 
his  duty  and  the  trust  reposed  in  him. 

Dr.  Cox  has  been  twice  married.  On  the  4th  of  March,  1888,  he  wedded 
Miss  Grace  Jain,  a  native  of  Wisconsin  and  a  daughter  of  Louis  and  Adelia 
Jain,  of  Genesee,  Idaho.  She  died  on  the  10th  of  October,  1891,  after  a 
happy  married  life  of  a  little  more  than  three  years.  On  the  1st  of  November, 
1894,  the  Doctor  was  again  married,  his  second  union  being  with  Hattie  G. 
McFarland,  a  native  of  Maine  and  a  daughter  of  Captain  R.  and  Georgia  B. 
McFarland,  of  Everett.  Fraternally  Dr.  Cox  is  connected  with  the  Masons 
and  the  Knights  of  Pythias.  He  also  belongs  to  the  Improved  Order  of  Red 
Men,  the  Benevolent'  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks  and  the  Independent 
Order  of  Odd  Fellows.  He  also  holds  membership  with  various  organizatii  ms 
tending  to  promote  medical  knowledge  and  the  efficiency  of  practitioners.  I  fe 
is  now  the  president  of  the  Snohomish  County  Medical  Society,  and  belongs 
to  the  Washington  State  Medical  Society,  the  American  Medical  Association, 
the  International  Association  of  Railway  Surgeons  and  the  American  Academy 
of  Railway  Surgeons.  Professionally  and  socially  Dr.  Cox  is  prominent,  stand- 
ing to-day  as  one  of  the  leading  and  representative  men  of  Everett.  His 
unfailing  courtesy,  genial  nature  and  ready  sympathy  have  gained  him  many 


friends  among  those  whom  he  has  met  outside  of  professional  duties.  He  is 
also  ver  popular  with  his  patients,  and  in  a  profession  where  promotion  de- 
pends upon  merit  he  has  gained  a  position  of  distinction. 


Harry  G.  Rowland  makes  his  home  in  Puyallup,  but  engages  in  the  prac- 
tice of  law  in  Tacoma,  where  he  has  gained  distinction  as  an  active,  forceful 
and  learned  member  of  the  bar.  A  native  of  Pennsylvania,  his  birth  occurred 
in  Potter  county  in  1865,  his  parents  being  the  Rev.  Henry  and  Harriet 
1  Knapp)  Rowland.  His  father  was  a  minister  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal 
church.  He  was  a  prominent  and  honored  resident  of  Tioga  county,  Penn- 
sylvania,  and  at  one  time  served  as  the  treasurer  of  that  county.  He  is  now 
deceased,  but  his  widow  still  survives  and  is  now  living  with  her  son,  Dix  H. 
Rowland,  in  Tacoma.  She  is  a  lineal  descendant  of  Halsey  Kelly,  who  was 
a  soldier  of  the  Revolutionary  war. 

Harry  G.  Rowland  was  provided  with  good  educational  privileges. 
\fler  obtaining  his  preliminarv  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Wellsboro, 
Pennsylvania,  he  entered  Allegheny  College  at  Meadville,  Pennsylvania,  and 
Ir.mi  thence  he  entered  the  Syracuse  University  at  Syracuse,  New  York,  where 
he  was  graduated  with  the  class  of  1888.  During  his  college  course  and  for 
some  time  thereafter  he  was  engaged  in  newspaper  work  on  the  Syracuse 
Journal.  Returning  to  Wellsboro,  Pennsylvania,  he  took  up  the  study  of  law 
in  tin-  office  and  under  the  direction  of  the  firm  of  Elliott  &  Watrous.  The 
1101  partner,  Mortimer  F.  Elliott,  is  a  very  distinguished  lawyer,  now 
.  rving  a-  chief  counsel  of  the  Standard  Oil  Company  in  New  York  city, 
l  arly  in  the  year  [890  Mr.  Rowland  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  the  court  of 
common  pleas  al  Wellsboro,  and  immediately  after  followed  the  advice  of 
Horace  Greeley  and  came  to  the  west.  This  rapidly  developing  country 
seemed  to  him  to  offer  a  splendid  field  of  labor,  and  he  resolved  to  seek  his 
fortune  on  the  Pacific  coast.  <h\  reaching  Puget  Sound  he  located  at  Puy- 
allup in  Tierce  county,  about  nine  miles  from  Tacoma.  He  is  a  member  of 
the  Washington  supreme  court  and  of  the  United  States  district  and  circuit 
court,  lie  has  won  distinction  in  his  profession  because  of  his  broad  legal 
'.  Lining,  his  analytical  mind  and  his  careful  preparation  of  cases.  He  has 
(•.•nil,]  for  himself  distinction  as  a  lawyer  of  broad  learning  and  one  who 
is  mo<i  careful  in  the  presentation  of  his  cases  before  judge  or  jury.  Thus  he 
has  gained  a  distinctively  representative  clientage  that  has  connected  him 
with  much  of  the  important  litigation  tried  in  the  courts  of  his  district.  He 
is  also  a  direi  tor  of  the  Citizens'  State  Rank  of  Puyallup.  In  February,  1903, 
in  1  in  with  his  brother.   I)i\   II.    Rowland,  he  opened  a  law  office  on 

tin-  third  Hour  of  the  I  idelitj  building  in  Tacoma  in  order  to  meet  the  en- 
larged demands  of  their  practice.  The  other  brother  of  the  family  is  the 
Rev.  Frank  S.  Rowland,  pastor  of  the  Asbury  Methodist  Episcopal  church, 
one  of  tin-  leading  churches  in  Buffalo,  New  York. 

(hi  the  _'7th  of  June.  iX<)<).  Mr.  Rowland  was  united  in  marriage,  in 
l.i.i  ma,  t"  Mi^-  \nneiie  E.  Clark,  a  daughter  of  Dr.  1).  C.  Clark.  At  the 
time  of  her  marriage  and  previous  thereto  she  was  a  teacher  of  English  history 


and  literature  in  the  Tacoma  high  school.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Rowland  now  have 
one  son,  De  Witt  Clark.  In  his  political  views  Mr.  Rowland  is  a  stalwart 
Republican,  and  in  1896  was  nominated  on  the  ticket  of  that  party  for  the 
office  of  prosecuting  attorney  of  Pierce  county.  That,  however,  was  a  Popu- 
list year  in  this  section  of  the  county,  and  the  entire  Republican  ticket  was 
defeated,  but  Mr.  Rowland,  nevertheless,  ran  from  three  to  four  hundred 
votes  ahead  of  his  ticket.  He  has  been  three  times  elected  city  attorney  of 


Dr.  Alexander  DeSoto,  of  Seattle,  Washington,  is  a  native  of  the  Caro- 
line Islands,  the  date  of  his  birth  being  July  28,  1840.  His  father,  Fernando 
DeSoto.  was  born  in  1793,  on  the  DeSoto  estate  near  Barcelona,  and  was  in 
diplomatic  service  all  his  life  until  he  was  past  eighty  years  of  age,  when  he 
retired.  He  was  governor  of  the  Caroline  Islands  and  also  was  lieutenant 
governor  of  Puerto  Rico.  Dr.  DeSoto's  mother  was  Hedwig  Leonora 
DeSoto.  She  was  of  Austrian  birth,  a  member  of  the  old  Hoffman  family, 
and  died  in  1862. 

Alexander  DeSoto  in  his  early  life  had  excellent  educational  advantages. 
In  the  University  of  Spain,  at  Madrid,  he  received  the  degree  of  M.  D. ;  at 
Heidelberg,  Germany,  the  degree  of  LL.  D.,  and  he  concluded  his  regular 
course  of  studies  in  Upsala,  Sweden,  in  1870.  Then  for  two  years  be  was 
demonstrator  of  surgery  in  Upsala.  In  1862  he  came  to  this  country,  to 
Washington,  D.  C,  as  a  member  of  the  Spanish  legation,  for  the  purpose  of 
studying  American  naval  tactics.  He  returned  to  Spain  in  1868  and  was 
one  of  the  leaders  in  the  Carlist  movement,  and  it  was  during  that  time  that 
he  was  compelled  to  leave  and  go  to  Sweden.  He  was  in  France  a  short 
time,  and  in  1872  returned  to  America.  After  remaining  here  a  short  time 
he  went  to  South  America,  and  for  about  two  years  practiced  medicine  and 
engaged  in  mining  in  Argentine  Republic.  Chili  and  Peru.  He  went  to  Bos- 
ton in  1875,  where  he  had  previously  established  a  home,  and  while  maintain- 
ing that  as  his  headquarters  he  took  trips  all  over  the  world,  and  was  in  the 
Chilean  war  as  an  army  surgeon,  1879-80.  In  1880  he  went  to  London,  Eng- 
land, and  after  a  short  stay  there  returned  to  this  country  and  located  in  New 
York  city,  where  he  remained  for  a  number  of  years. 

During  the  year  1867  Dr.  DeSoto  "rounded  the  Horn'"  in  the  schooner 
Albatrose,  and  came  to  Seattle,  when  the  Queen  City's  industrial  interests 
were  measured  by  the  output  from  a  single  sawmill.  He  returned  to  Seattle 
in  1897,  and,  as  people  were  returning  from  Alaska  in  a  sick  and  destitute 
condition,  he  saw  the  need  of  a  free  hospital  and  established  the  present  Way- 
side Mission  Hospital.  He  is  spending  his  spare  time  and  his  money  in 
lightening  the  burdens  of  the  sick  poor.  During  the  past  six  years  he  has 
cared  for  no  less  than  nine  thousand  people  in  this  hospital.  In  addition  to 
his  present  charities  he  proposes  to  build  at  the  foot  of  Jackson  street,  in 
Seattle,  a  Wayside  Hospital,  at  a  cost  of  eighty  thousand  dollars,  and  this 
structure  is  now  in  course  of  construction.  He  will  also  build  in  Seattle  a 
free  American  Medical  College,  on  which  it  is  the  intention  to  commence 
active  work  next  year. 


Dr.  DeSoto  is  largely  interested  in  mining  and  railroad  enterprises, 
which  lie  personally  manages,  and  in  which  he  has  been  very  successful.  He 
is  operating  the  Wayside  gold  mine  at  Granite  Falls,  and  this  mine  he  has 
dedicated  to  charity,  to  the  building  of  colleges  and  hospitals.     This  mine, 

estimated,  will  produce  millions,  and  is  said  to  be  one  of  the  most  mar- 
velous in  tin-  country  in  that  it  carries  values  in  something  comparatively  new 
in  mining-  telluride  of  copper.  He  owns  the  controlling  interest  in  the 
Philadelphia  Crude  Ore  Company  on  Unalaska  Island,  across  from  Dutch 
Harbor.  Thjs  is  said  to  be  the  largest  sulphur  deposit  known.  Also  he 
own-  the  controlling  interest  in  and  is  president  of  the  Alaska  Iron  Com- 
pany, owning  properties  which  have  fifty  million  tons  of  iron  in  sight,  near 
Haynes  Mission,  ju^t  over  the  boundary  line  in  British  Columbia.  He  is 
vice  presidenl  and  general  manager  of  the  DeSoto  Placer  Mining  Company, 
which  owns  much  valuable  mining  property  in  Council  City,  Alaska,  in  one 
place  bavin-  forty-five  million  cubic  yards  of  pay  gravel,  averaging  three 
dollars  per  yard.  It  is  said  to  be  the  largest  in  the  world.  They  own  twelve 
miles  on  (lie  Xeucluck  river.  Alaska;  thirty-seven  claims  on  Ophir  creek,  one 
of  (lie  richest  creeks  in  Alaska;  twenty-seven  claims  on  Warm  creek,  which 
runs  parallel  to  Ophir  creek.  On  the  first  of  last  June  the  DeSoto  Placer 
Mining  Company  took  to  Alaska  the  largest  dredgers  and  steam  shovels  in 
oiid.  in  all,  two  hundred  and  seventy  thousand  dollars  worth  of  ma- 
chinery  and  supplies;  seventy-four  men  accompanied  the  machinery  and  the 
expedition  has  proved  a  great  success. 

Dr.  DeSoto  has  organized  the  Everett  &  Snohomish  Rapid  Transit  Com- 
pany, and  after  constructing  the  road  between  Everett  and  Snohomish,  a 
distance  of  eight  miles,  will  build  seventy-six  miles  leading  into  Seattle.  The 
er  will  he  supplied  from  the  Sultan  river  falls.  The  Doctor  is  president 
of  the  Behring  Sea  &  Council  City  Railway,  which  will  run  from  Nome  to 
Council  City,  a  distance  of  eighty  miles.  The  surveys  were  completed  last 
year,  and  the  construction  will  be  commenced  this  year,  five  years  being  re- 
quired to  complete  it.  The  cost  of  the  road  will  be  two  million  eight  hundred 
thousand  dollars,  and  it  will  tap  a  country  rich  in  various  resources.  Dr. 
DeSoto  is  the  owner  of  the  DeSoto  Transportation  Companv,  owning  and 
operating  the  river  steamer  Aurum  and  barges  between  Golovin  Bay  and 
I  ouncil  City,  a  distance  of  sixty  miles.  All  these  enterprises  above  named 
«  on.d  attention.  1  lis  broad  enterprise,  his  public  spirit 
and  his  great  work  along  charity  lines  place  Dr.  DeSoto  among  the  leading 
men  of  the  northv 

HENRY    C.    DAVIS. 

I  he   I  h       been   for  half  a  century  intimately  connected  with 

th  and  pi  of   Lewis  county,   il^  members  have  filled  many 

''I   th.    pul  county  and  state,  and  they  may  now  be  found  in 

'"on,  walks  of  life  not  only  bringing  credit  to  themselves  hut  reflecting 
1  "I""1  their  community.     If  ancestry  counts  for  anything  in  the  success 

of  men,  the  mingling  of  the  Welsh  and  German  stocks  in  this   family  is  cer- 

tainlv  an  excellenl  hei  itai 

*S6.     (Lt&^^L^ 

labile  LlBRARvl 




The  oldest  member  of  the  family  who  was  connected  with  the  history  of 
this  state  was  Lewis  H.  Davis,  the  father  of  Henry  C.  He  was  born  in 
Windsor  county,  Vermont,  in  1794,  and  while  in  the  east  he  married  Susan 
Clinger,  a  native  of  Harrisburg,  Pennsylvania.  Of  this  marriage  two  daugh- 
ters and  five  sons  were  born,  who  are  now  identified  with  the  interests  of 
the  state  of  Washington.  With  this  family  Mr.  Davis  crossed  the  plains  to 
Oregon  in  185 1,  six  months  being  consumed  in  the  journey  which  now  takes 
less  than  a  week.  They  remained  one  year  in  Portland,  Oregon,  which  was 
then  but  a  village  in  the  midst  of  the  forest.  They  next  came  into  Lewis 
county  and  settled  at  a  place  called  Drew's  Mill,  near  Cowlitz.  But  Mr. 
Davis,  not  liking  the  location,  went  to  Olympia,  where  he  found  no  suitable 
place,  and  then  returned  to  where  Chehalis  now  stands,  where  he  met  a  Mr. 
Sanders,  who  informed  him  of  a  spot  which  would  probably  suit  him.  They 
set  out  on  an  Indian  trail  and  reached  a  beautiful  little  prairie,  shut  in  by 
strips  of  green  woodland  and  with  the  white  peaks  "of  three  mountains  tower- 
ing aloft,  Mount  Takhoma  (Mount  Rainier ).  .Mount  Adams  and  Mount 
Hood;  here  the  charm  of  the  scene  ;ahd  -the  fertility  of  the  soil  induced  Mr. 
Davis  to  locate,  and  he  entered  three  hundred  and  twenty  acres,  while  his 
eldest  son,  Levi  Adrian  Davis,  took  an  adjoining  half  section.  After  erect- 
ing a  sawmill  and  later  a  grist  mill  he  proposed  to  the  county  to  build  and 
donate  the  courthouse  if  the  county  seat  should  be  established  in  this  locality. 
This  proposition  was  accepted,  and  the  courthouse  was  constructed  at  the 
cost  of  one  thousand  dollars.  Upon  one  corner  of  the  lot  was  placed  a  tall, 
supple  flag-staff,  the  largest  ever  raised  in  the  state,  the  upper  section  of 
which  was  arranged  to  be  lowered  at  need,  and  the  subject  of  this  sketch 
and  his  sist(  r  Caroline  still  recall  the  fact  that  they  solicited  donations  with 
which  to  buy  a  flag.  Here  Mr.  Davis  laid  out  the  town  of  Claquato,  built  a 
cozy  church  and  school  and  constructed  many  miles  of  road  leading  through 
the  forests  to  the  town,  now  called  Centralia,  formerly  called  Kookum- 
chuch,  and  south  to  where  the  town  of  Napavine  stands.  In  every  way 
he  sought  to  make  it  the  center  of  trade  and  to  develop  a  city  of  importance 
in  the  state.  But  some  time  after,  when  the  Columbia  and  Puget  Sound 
road  was  built,  the  courthouse  was  removed  to  Chehalis,  and  the  place  for 
which  he  had  worked  so  hard  was  deserted,  and  now  only  the  delightful 
home  of  our  subject  marks  the  spot,  surrounded  by  the  trees  which  the  old 
pioneers  planted,  and  the  little  church  is  also  standing  as  a  monument  to  the 
zeal  and  enterprise  of  its  builder. 

Mr.  Davis  had  been  a  captain  in  the  war  of  18 12  and  in  the  Black  Hawk 
war,  and  when  the  Indian  war  of  1855-56  threatened  he  was  foremost  in 
building  a  fort  for  protection :  it  was  constructed  one  hundred  feet  square, 
and  on  the  palisade  of  closely  set  posts  were  placed  cone-shaped  structures 
from  which  the  sides  of  the  fort  could  be  raked  by  the  guns.  One  night  Mr. 
Davis  and  one  of  his  sons  were  sent  to  Olympia  to  secure  ammunition,  and 
they  made  the  trip  safely.  He  used  his  influence  in  keeping  the  settlers  in 
the  fort  during  the  war  and  in  inspiring  them  with  confidence,  and  he  was 
thus  an  important  factor  in  the  war.  By  order  of  Governor  Stevens  he  also 
conducted  a  block-house  at  Centralia.  General  McLetlan,  Governor  Slovens. 
Halleck,   Sheridan,   Grant,  and  all   the  young  military  officers  often   stopped 


and  enjoyed  Mr.  Davis'  generous  hospitality,  and  he  was  much  esteemed  for 
his  integrity  and  bravery.  He  continued  to  operate  his  mill  until  his  death, 
and  he  passed  away  in  the  seventieth  year  of  his  life,  in  1864;  his  wife  died 
in  her  seventy-second  year.  Before  detailing  the  life  of  the  immediate  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch  a  short  account  of  the  other  children  would  be  interesting. 

The  eldest  son.  Levi  Adrian,  and  his  brothers,  were  engaged  in  milling 
and  ran  a  stage  from  Olympia  to  Monticello.  He  assisted  his  father  in  all 
his  pioneer  enterprises  and  shared  in  much  of  the  credit  due  to  those  under- 
takings. He  resided  in  Claquato  until  1888  and  afterward  for  some  years  at 
Cora,  near  Mount  Tacoma;  he  conducted  the  postoffice  there  and  named  the 
town  in  honor  of  his  niece,  Cora  Ferguson.  On  March  8,  1854,  he  married 
Mary  Jane  King  and  they  had  four  sons  and  two  daughters.  He  died  Octo- 
ber 1,  1 90 1,  aged  sixty  years,  and,  like  his  father,  was  one  of  the  esteemed 
men  of  the  state.  He  had  been  elected  to  the  state  legislature  and  was  a 
member  of  the  Republican  national  convention  which  met  at  Indianapolis  and 
nominated  Benjamin  Harrison  for  the  presidency.  He  was  also  county  com- 
missioner  for  several  terms. 

The  daughter,  Melinda  Browning,  has  also  passed  away.  The  second 
son,  Austin  Davis,  was  a  farmer  and  was  connected  with  his  father  in  the 
pioneer  work,  being  the  first  postmaster  of  Claquato  and  filling  the  office  of 
treasurer  of  the  county;  he  died  June  16.  1892,  in  his  fifty-fifth  year,  and  be 
left  a  wife,  three  sons  and  a  daughter.  The  third  son,  who  was  named 
William  Henry  Harrison  Davis  because  of  bis  father's  admiration  for  Gen- 
eral Harrison,  was  a  farmer  and  died  May  6,  1901.  The  daughter,  Caro- 
line E.,  became  tin-  wife  of  Javen  Hall.  The  youngest  son,  Luther  Tower 
Davis,  was  bom  at  Fort  Wayne,  Indiana,  in  1848,  crossed  the  plains  when 
threi  years  old  and  was  reared  and  educated  in  Lewis  county;  he  is  married 
and  has  one  child  and  resides  in  South  Tacoma. 

Henry  C.  Davis,  who  is  the  son  of  Lewis  H.  Davis,  was  born  at  Fort 
Wayne,  Indiana,  Jul)  iJ.  1815.  and  was  only  five  years  old  when  his  parents 
made  their  long  trip  across  the  plains.  He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools 
of  Lewis  county,  and  the  scenes  of  pioneer  life  made  a  vivid  impression  upon 
his  young  mind.  When  old  enough  to  work  he  assisted  in  the  farm  work, 
and  after  his  father's  death  followed  various  occupations  until  1878,  when 
he  removed  to  Tacoma  and  engaged  in  (lie  drug  business  in  partnership  with 
Dr.  H.  C.  Bostwick.  They  suffered  severe  losses  by  fire,  being  burned  out 
three  times,  and  Mr.  Davis  then  quit  the  business.  He  built  the  first  three- 
story  brick  block  in  Tacoma,  and  he  still  owns  this  property,  which  pays  him 
handsome  profits  in  rent.  lie  was  elected  treasurer  of  Tacoma  and  served 
for  three  wars.  In  1888  he  returned  to  his  farm  at  Claquato.  For  many 
years  Mr.  Davis  has  been  interested  in  the  anthracite  coal  mines  at  the  head 
waters  of  the  Cowlitz  river,  where  are  situated  the  purest  veins  of  anthracite 
coal  in  the  state  or  in  the  west,  and  this  is  destined  to  develop  into  a  very 
valuable  property.  Mr.  Davis  donated  five  acres  of  land  at  Claquato  to  the 
tndepi  Order  of  Odd    Fellows   Cemetery.     This   land   was  Worth  one 

hundt  ed  di  'liars  per  ... 

In  [889  Mi'.  Davis  was  married  to  Miss  [,1a  Scott,  a  native  of  the  state 
"i   Pennsylvania;  Mrs.  Caroline  Scott  Harrison,  the  wife  of  President  Harri- 


son,  was  her  father's  cousin.  Two  children  were  born  to  them  on  the  old 
homestead  at  Claquato,  Ethel  Lillian  and  Donald  Jerome.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Davis  are  members  of  the  Presbyterian  church  and  very  deservedly  rank 
among  the  foremost  citizens  of  the  county,  where  Mr.  Davis  has  been  reared 
and  has  spent  his  entire  life  in  the  active  prosecution  of  many  private  and 
public  enterprises. 


On  the  list  of  federal  officers  in  the  state  of  Washington  appears  the 
name  of  James  Knox,  who  is  now  serving  as  United  States  shipping  commis- 
sioner for  the  Puget  Sound  district.  The  country  would  be  fortunate  if  all 
of  its  public  offices  were  filled  by  men  of  such  known  ability,  patriotism  and 
practical  business  sense.  All  three  qualities  are  essential  to  the  officer  of 
worth,  and  in  none  of  these  is  Mr.  Knox  lacking. 

A  native  of  Peoria,  Illinois,  he  was  born  April  2,  1855,  and  is  a  son  of 
James  and  Elizabeth  (Johnston)  Knox,  both  of  whom  were  natives  of  New 
York.  The  father  went  to  Illinois  in  1835,  locating  in  the  town  of  Knox 
in  Knox  county.  That  name  was  bestowed  in  honor  of  his  uncle,  Hon.  James 
Knox,  who  was  at  one  time  a  member  of  Congress  from  Illinois  in  the  early 
clays.  The  maternal  grandfather  and  grandmother  of  our  subject  were  born 
in  Ireland  and  Mr.  Knox's  father  was  also  of  Irish  descent.  The  father  was 
a  successful  man,  who  prospered  in  his  undertakings  and  left  to  his  family 
a  moderate  estate.  He  died  before  the  birth  of  our  subject,  and  the  mother 
is  still  living  and  now  makes  her  home  in  San  Jose,  California. 

James  Knox  obtained  his  education  in  Knox  College  at  Galesburg, 
Illinois,  and  in  Racine  College,  of  Wisconsin.  When  he  had  finished  his 
school  life  he  engaged  in  the  stock  business  in  Knox  county,  where  he  re- 
mained for  a  year  and  a  half.  He  was  then  married  to  Miss  Bessie  Fuller, 
of  New-  London,  Connecticut,  and  the  young  couple  started  for  the  west. 
They  located  in  Eldorado,  Butler  county,  Kansas,  where  Mr.  Knox  became 
extensively  engaged  in  dealing  in  fine  stock.  He  was  the  first  man  to  intro- 
duce pedigreed  Durham  cattle  and  Poland  China  hogs  into  that  county,  and 
in  his  operations  he  was  very  successful.  After  a  four  years'  residence  in 
Eldorado,  however,  he  came  to  the  Puget  Sound  country  in  1879.  locating 
in  Puyallup,  Pierce  county.  At  that  time  the  development  of  the  trans- 
continental railroad  had  just  begun  at  this  end  of  the  land,  and  Mr.  Knox's 
first  enterprise  was  to  secure  the  contract  for  supplying  meats  for  the  railroad 
contractors  and  their  men.  He  was  engaged  in  this  business  on  a  large  scale, 
and  from  that  time  until  1895  was  extensively  interested  in  live-stock  and 
irrigation  and  other  development  enterprises  of  this  section  of  the  state.  He 
also  served  as  mayor  of  the  town  of  Puyallup.  and  his  public  service  and  pri- 
vate endeavors  proved  of  much  benefit  to  the  place  in  which  he  made  his  home. 
In  1895  Mr.  Knox  removed  to  Tacoma,  where  he  became  connected  with 
the  St.  Paul  &  Tacoma  Lumber  Company  as  an  outside  man.  For  three 
years  he  occupied  that  position,  and  in  1899  received  the  appointment  of 
United  States  shipping  commissioner  under  the  treasury  department  for  the 
Puget  Sound  district.  His  jurisdiction  extends  over  the  shipping  ports  of 
Puget  Sound  and  Gray's  harbor,  and  he  has  a  deputy  stationed  at  each  port. 


The  duties  of  this  office  are  of  a  responsible  and  complex  nature.  That  Mr. 
Knox  has  been  expert  in  his  work  and  is  thoroughly  familiar  with  the  many 
important  details  of  the  position  goes  to  show  how  quickly  the  average  western 
man  adapts  himself  to  different  occupations  and  duties. 

When  Mr.  Knox  has  been  interested  in  political  affairs  and  a  factor  in 
political  circles  he  has  always  met  with  the  same  success  as  has  attended  him 
in  his  business  ventures.  In  the  senatorial  contest  of  1899  his  labors  were 
largely  effective  in  bringing  about  the  election  of  Addison  G.  Foster,  vice 
president  of  the  St.  Paul  &  Tacoma  Lumber  Company,  with  which  our  sub- 
ject has  been  connected.  He  is  a  large  man  of  almost  limitless  energy,  is 
liberal,  broad-minded  and  of  a  free  and  easy  disposition.  He  has  a  nice 
home  in  Tacoma  at  1902  South  J  street.  To  him  and  his  wife  have  been 
born  four  children:    James 'Ward,  Elizabeth  Miller,  Jane  Anne  and  Sara  E. 

Mr.  Knox  is  an  excellent  type  of  an  American  citizen.  Manliness,  pa- 
triotism, sincerity  and  friendship  are  instinctively  associated  with  his  name. 
The  common  testimony  of  him  is  that  he  is  a  man  of  remarkable  sagacity,  a 
quality  in  the  human  mind  that  we  can  scarcely  overestimate,  in  business  and 
in  many  relations  of  life.  Washington  has  profited  by  his  efforts  in  her 
behalf.  and  in  public  office  he  is  now  proving  a  capable  and  reliable  official. 


During  the  revolutions  and  political  disturbances  in  Germany  in  1848, 
when  the  conditions  imposed  upon  the  private  citizen  were  almost  intoler- 
able and  freedom  of  conscience  seemed  almost  impossible,  thousands  of 
native  Germans  left  their  fatherland  and  sought  relief  in  other  lands,  princi- 
pally America.  These  emigrants  consisted  of  the  very  flower  of  the  popula- 
tion, and  were  men  of  sturdy  character  and  noble  purposes,  entirely  free  from 
the  taint  which  adheres  to  a  later  class  of  emigrants,  and  were  destined  to 
amalgamate  and  form  one  of  the  very  best  parts  of  American  citizenship. 

One  of  these  was  Jacob  Weisbach,  who,  on  his  arrival  in  this  country, 
came  to  what  was  then  an  almost  wild  and  unknown  country,  eastern 
Kansas.  lie  became  a  merchant  in  Marysville,  and  obtained  his  goods  by 
means  of  tin-  old  freighl  and  express  conveyances  of  the  clay.  He  was  very 
prosperous  and  became  prominent  not  only  in  his  own  community  but  in  the 
-talc  at  large,  being  a  member  of  the  legislature  and  the  incumbent  of  other 
important  positions.  During  the  Indian  outbreaks  of  the  sixties  he  joined 
a  home  company,  anil  thus  had  experience  as  a  frontier  soldier.  He  re- 
mained in  Marysville  for  a  number  of  years,  but  in  1881  he  determined  to 
keep  on  the  advancing  wave  of  civilization  by  going  to  the  extreme  west. 
Tacoma  was  then  onlj  a  small  village  and  almost  unheard  of  in  the  outer 
world,  but  Mr.  Weisbach.  after  disposing  of  his  interests  in  Kansas,  estab- 
lished a  mercantile  business  here,  and  repeated  his  former  success.  He  soon 
tool  a  prominenl  part  in  the  affairs  of  the  city,  was  elected  a  member  of 
iIm'  1  itv  council  and  in  iSS^  was  made  mayor.  In  November  of  that  year  he 
was  chairman  of  tin-  committee  of  fifteen  which  was  organized  to  cope  with 
the  Chinese  riots  and  exclude  these  undesirables  from  the  city.  Mr.  Weis- 
bach's  splendid  executive  ability  in  that  crisis  is  a  lasting  record  in  the  history 
of  the  city,  and  is  still  spoken  of  by  the  "old-timers."      But  in  1887  he  retired 


from  his  long  and  active  career,  and  two  years  later  he  died,  leaving  behind 
a  beautiful  memorial  of  a  useful  and  honorable  public  and  private  life. 

Of  the  different  members  of  Hon.  Jacob  Weisbach's  family,  mention 
should  be  made  of  Professor  Robert  Weisbach,  a  foremost  musician  of  Ta- 
coma,  and  of  his  sister,  Mrs.  O.  J.  H.  Swift,  wife  of  the  Deputy  United  States 
Shipping  Commissioner  at  Tacoma. 

The  remaining  child  is  Captain  Arthur  J.  Weisbach,  who  was  born  in 
Marysville,  Kansas,  in  1867.  He  received  his  education  in  his  native  place, 
and  in  St.  Joseph,  Missouri,  where  he  lived  for  about  ten  years  of  his  youth. 
He  was  an  independent  lad  and  never  relied  on  his  father's  success  for  help, 
but  made  his  way  by  his  own  efforts.  When  he  was  twenty  years  old  he 
decided  to  come  out  to  the  country  where  his  father  had  located,  and  arrived 
here  in  the  spring  of  1887.  He  was  engaged  in  various  occupations  until 
1897,  when  he  secured  a  position  as  clerk  in  the  land  department  of  the  North- 
ern Pacific  Railway  at  Tacoma,  and  in  March,  1901,  was  promoted  to  his 
present  responsible  position,  that  of  chief  clerk  of  the  department.  He  took 
an  active  interest  in  the  organization  of  the  Washington  militia,  and  is  now 
the  captain  of  Company  A,  First  Infantry,  of  the  Washington  National 
Guard.     He  is  also  a  very  popular  man  in  both  business  and  social  circles. 


Samuel  C.  Slaughter,  who  is  engaged  in  the  real  estate  business  in 
Tacoma,  was  born  in  Culpeper  county,  Virginia,  in  1848,  and  comes  of  an 
ancestry  honorable  and  distinguished  in  the  south.  His  parents  were  Dr. 
Philip  C.  and  Mary  (McDowell)  Slaughter,  the  latter  of  Scotch  ancestry. 
The  paternal  ancestry  was  represented  by  valiant  soldiers  in  the  Revolution- 
ary war.  Dr.  Philip  C.  Slaughter  was  born  in  Virginia  and  there  spent  his 
entire  life,  his  death  occurring  in  Culpeper  county.  His  family  was  a  very 
old  one  in  that  region,  and  was  of  Welsh  origin,  the  progenitors  of  the 
Slaughters  in  America  having  taken  up  their  abode  in  the  Old  Dominion  in 
1620.  Dr.  Slaughter  served  as  a  surgeon  in  the  Confederate  army  in  the 
Civil  war,  and  was  made  chief  surgeon  at  Camp  Lee  during  the  presidency  of 
Jefferson  Davis.  His  cousin,  General  James  E.  Slaughter,  was  a  classmate 
of  Genera!  Grant  at  West  Point  and  was  in  command  of  the  Confederate 
forces  on  the  Rio  Grande  river  in  the  Civil  war.  General  H.  G.  Wright  of 
the  Sixth  Army  Corps  was  a  relative  of  Dr.  Slaughter,  as  was  also  General 
Bradford,  while  General  McDowell,  prominent  at  the  battle  of  Bull  Run,  and 
( ieneral  Ord  were  relatives  of  Mrs.  Slaughter,  the  mother  of  our  subject. 

In  taking  up  the  personal  history  of  Samuel  C.  Slaughter  we  present  to 
our  readers  the  life  record  of  one  who  is  widely  and  favorably  known  in 
Tacoma.  He  was  reared  in  Culpeper  county  and  there  obtained  his  educa- 
tion. After  attaining  his  majority  he  went  to  New  York  city,  where  he 
entered  business  life,  and  remained  for  more  than  fifteen  years  as  a  member 
of  the  well  known  banking  firm  of  Norton,  Slaughter  &  Company,  which  did 
business  at  41  Broad  street.  For  the  past  twenty  years  Mr.  Slaughter  has 
been  a  prominent  resident  of  Tacoma,  and  has  here  engaged  in  real  estate 
operations.     Since  coming  to  Washington  in   1882  he  has  been  one  of  the 


most  progressive  and  enterprising  citizens  of  this  portion  of  the  state,  closely 
identified  with  its  development,  upbuilding  and  material  progress.  He  is 
now  one  oi  the  few  remaining  pioneer  real  estate  men  of  the  state  of  Wash- 
ington. What  is  now  known  as  the  central  addition  to  Tacoma,  bounded  by 
South  Ninth,  K  and  M  streets,  and  Sixth  avenue,  was  at  the  time  of  his  arrival 
Mth  the  forest  trees  of  gigantic  growth  which  sheltered  the  Indians 
ere  the  advent  of  the  white  men  into  this  section  of  the  country.  Now  this 
district  is  covered  with  some  of  the  handsome  homes  of  civilization.  One 
of  the  first  lots  that  Mr.  Slaughter  sold  at  that  early  date  is  situated  on  Pacific 
avenue  at  the  corner  of  Eleventh  street,  known  as  the  Pincus  &  Packsher 

■  rty,  and  is  now  one  of  the  most  prominent  business  corners  in  Tacoma. 
It  was  sold  to  Colonel  Harbine,  of  Nebraska,  the  father-in-law  of  Judge 
Snell,  for  twelve  thousand  live  hundred  dollars,  and  upon  it  is  located  the 

Fie  National  Bank.  This  property  was  recently  purchased  by  Miles  C. 
Moore,  of  Walla  Walla,  for  one  hundred  thousand  dollars.  After  the  finan- 
cial depression  of  [883-4-5  local  realty  was  again  very  low,  and  Mr.  Slaughter 
recalls  that  another  lot  on  Pacific  avenue  was  sold  by  Dr.  H.  C.  Bostwick  to 
Dickson  Brothers  as  a  location  for  their  clothing  store  for  the  sum  of  six 
and  dollars.  Many  now  well  known  landmarks  passed  through  Mr. 
Slaughter's  hands  in  those  days,  and  few  real  estate  agents  of  the  city  have 
handled  so  much  property  or  negotiated  so  many  important  realty  transfers, 
lie  is  still  in  the  business  under  the  firm  name  of  S.  C.  Slaughter  &  Com- 
pany, at  [09  South  Ninth  street,  where  he  is  always  ready  to  welcome  his 
own  friends  and  customers,  lie  has  as  firm  faith  in  the  future  of  the  city  as 
he  always  had,  and  his  belief  in  Tacoma  has  been  well  founded,  for  its  ad- 
vancement has  been  marked  and  its  growth  continuous. 

Mr.  Slaughter  was  united  in  marriage  in  San  Francisco,  in  1889,  to 
Miss  Julia  C.  Widgery,  and  for  a  number  of  years  she  has  been  a  most 
prominent   factor  in  social  circles  and  in  public  interests  in  Tacoma  and  the 

thwest.     She  was  born  iii   Essex,  Devonshire,  England,  the  daughter  of 

a  well  known  artist.  She  represented  Washington  as  a  member  of  the  board 
of  lady  managers  of  the  World's  Columbian  Exposition  at  Chicago  in  1893. 
She  also  organized  and  was  the  president  of  the  Washington  State  Co-opera- 
tive :  the  purpose  of  which  is  to  encourage  the  patronage  of  home 
industries,  and  was  the  means  of  doing  a  great  deal  of  good  in  that  respect. 
She  is  now  a  member  of  the  board  of  trustees  of  the  Ferry  Museum,  Ta- 
coma's  most  notable  public  institution,  and  is  the  only  woman  on  that  board. 
Both  Mi.  and  Mrs.  Slaughter  enjoy  the  high  respect  and  warm  friendship  of 
the  mosl  prominent  pe  pl<    ol    racoma  and  this  section  of  the  state,  and  are 

rded  as  valued  additions  to  the  social  functions  here  held.  That  Mr. 
Slaughter  is  personally  popular  and  enjoys  the  high  regard  of  his  fellow- 
townsmen  is  indicated  by  the  fact  that  he  was  elected  by  popular  suffrage  in 
\|nil.  [892,  to  the  position  of  city  comptroller,  and  was  the  only  successful 
Democral  on  the  ticket.  Public  spirited  and  progressive,  since  coming  to 
the  northwest  he  has  co  operated  in  ev<  r)  measure  for  the  general  good,  and 
his  influence  and  labors  have  been  a  marked  factor  in  the  improvement  and 
the  city. 


ALBERT    H.    KUHN. 

Mr.  Kuhn  is  the  superintendent  of  the  Hoquiam  Lumber  ami  Shingle 
Company,  and  the  history  of  his  family  connections  and  of  his  business  career 
will  form  an  interesting  chapter  in  the  annals  of  Puget  Sound.  His  father 
was  Henry  Kuhn,  a  native  of  Switzerland,  and  of  French  and  German 
origin.  At  the  age  of  fourteen  he  left  home,  and  after  living  in  France  for 
a  time  came  to  the  United  States,  finally  taking  up  his  permanent  residence 
in  Wisconsin.  He  was  a  prosperous  farmer  of  that  state  till  his  death,  which 
occurred  at  his  home  near  Oshkosh  in  1900.  After  he  had  come  to  Wis- 
consin, Henry  Kuhn  married  Soloma  Wellauer,  who  was  also  of  German 
ancestry  and  a  native  of  Switzerland,  coming  to  this  country  when  a  young 
lady.  She  was  a  sister  of  Jacob  Wellauer,  of  Milwaukee,  a  wealthy  and 
prominent  citizen  of  that  place,  and  at  one  time  owner  of  nearly  one-half  the 
land  of  the  city.     Mrs.  Kuhn  died  at  Oshkosh  in  1902. 

Albert  H.  Kuhn  was  born  at  Waukesha,  Wisconsin,  in  i860,  but  when 
an  infant  was  taken  by  his  parents  to  a  farm  near  Oshkosh,  where  he  grew 
to  manhood  and  received  a  good  education.  After  finishing  at  the  State 
Normal  School  at  Oshkosh  he  taught  for  a  year  at  Dale.  In  the  meantime  he 
had  learned  telegraphy,  and  when  his  school  year  was  over  he  went  to  Chicago 
and  secured  a  position  as  operator  with  the  Western  Union.  He  was  next 
a  railroad  operator  and  was  appointed  agent  at  Fridley,  Minnesota,  for  the 
St.  Paul,  Minneapolis  and  Manitoba  Railroad,  afterward  the  Great  Northern. 
In  1881  he  became  agent  for  the  Northern  Pacific  at  Medora.  Dakota,  and 
was  there  during  the  trouble  between  the  Marquis  de  Mores  and  the  cattle 
men,  being  the  chief  witness  for  the  state  in  the  murder  trial  of  the  Marquis. 
Roosevelt  was  there  on  his  ranch  during  the  summer. 

In  1883  Mr.  Kuhn  came  to  the  Pacific  coast,  and  made  one  trip  from 
San  Francisco  to  Australia  as  a  sailor,  but  in  1884  he  came  to  Hoquiam, 
Washington,  where  he  has  made  his  home  ever  since.  He  became  engaged 
in  lumbering,  and  for  eighteen  years  was  foreman  of  the  logging  and  all 
outside  work  of  the  Northwestern  Lumber  Company.  He  was  an  interested 
party  in  the  formation  of  the  Hoquiam  Lumber  and  Shingle  Company,  and 
early  in  1902  he  designed  and  built  for  that  company  a  shingle  mill  which  is 
pronounced  by  experts  to  be  the  finest  mill  of  the  kind  in  the  northwest,  as  it 
cuts  more  and  better  shingles  and  more  cheaply  than  any  other  mill  in  this 
region.  Mr.  Kuhn  is  superintendent  of  this  plant,  and  is  now  engaged  in 
building  for  the  same  company  a  large  lumber  mill  which  he  will  also  operate. 
These  interests  now  form  Mr.  Kuhn's  principal  business. 

In  1900  Mr.  Kuhn  was  married  to  Mrs.  Ida  Soule  Howes,  of  Hoquiam. 
Mrs.  Kuhn  organized  and  is  regent  of  the  Robert  Gray  Chapter  of  the 
Daughters  of  the  American  Revolution,  and  is  a  member  of  the  Society  of 
Mayflower  descendants.  From  these  connections  it  will  be  inferred  that 
Mrs.  Kuhn  has  a  line  of  famous  ancestors,  and  the  following  paragraphs  will 
be  devoted  to  them. 

This  branch  of  the  Soule  family  traces  its  authenticated  ancestry  with- 
out a  single  break  through  Constant  South  worth  back  to  Childric,  King  of  the 
Franks,  born  in  458.  The  line  comes  down  through  Charlemagne;  his  de- 
scendant, Louis  IV.  of  France  called  "D'Outremer" ;  his  descendant,  Robert 


de  Bellomont,  who  was  associated  with  William  the  Conqueror  in  the  in- 
vasion of  England,  and  was  created  the  first  Earl  of  Leicester.  He  was  de- 
fended on  Ins  mother's  side  from  Alfred  the  Great  of  England.  There  were 
many  succeeding  Earls  of  Leicester  in  the  Bellomont  name  whose  wives  were 
of  the  ducal  houses  of  Pembroke,  Hertford,  Gloucester,  Winchester,  Norfolk, 
March,  Salisbury,  etc.  The  line  then  comes  down  through  females  to  Lady 
[sabell  de  Dutton,  who  married  Sir  Christopher  Southworth,  of  Salmesbury, 
in  1465.  From  them  was  descended  Constant  Southworth,  whose  grand- 
daughter Men  hworth  married  Moses  Soule,  grandson  of  George  Soule, 
a  passenger  on  the  Mayflower,  and  thirty-fifth  signer  of  the  famous  "Com- 
pact.'- Mercy  Southworth  was  also  a  great-granddaughter  of  John  Alden 
and  Priscilla  Mullens.  Seven  of  the  Southworth  ancestors  were  signers  of 
the  Magna  Charta,  four  were  among  the  founders  of  the  Order  of  the  Garter, 
and  one,  William  Marshal,  third  Earl  of  Pembroke,  was  Lord  Protector  of 
the  Realm  during  the  minority  of  King  Henry  III.  of  England.  Another 
ancestor,  Ralph  de  Stanley,  second  Baron  Stafford,  had  a  principal  command 
al  Cressy. 

Barnabas  Soule,  grandson  of  Moses  and  Mercy,  founded  the  Soule  ship- 
yards  at  Freeport,  Maine,  one  of  the  oldest  in  the  country  and  in  active  opera- 
tion up  to  a  few  years  ago,  twelve  of  the  Soule  ships  being  now  in  commis- 
sion on  the  Pacific  coast.  Nearly  all  the  descendants  of  Barnabas  have  been 
engaged  either  in  shipbuilding  or  in  seafaring  life.  His  son  Thomas  was 
captain  of  their  privateer  Fairplay  in  the  war  of  1812,  and  was  captured  by 
the  British  and  confined  in  Dartmoor  prison.  Joseph,  the  son  of  Thomas 
Soule,  was  horn  in  Freeport,  Maine,  and  was  descended,  through  his  mother, 
Sallie  Follansbee,  from  David  and  Daniel  Currier,  of  Amesbury,  Massa- 
chusetts, father  and  son,  who  were  patriots  in  the  Revolutionary  war.  Joseph 
Soule  continued  in  the  shipbuilding  business  for  many  years.  He  made  a 
trip  to  (  alifornia  in  one  of  the  family  ships  in  1852,  and  a  few  years  later 
moved  from  Maine  to  Illinois,  where  he  engaged  extensively  in  the  manu- 
facturing of  Farm  machinery,  which  he  continued  until  1879,  when  he  located 
in  <  alifornia.  In  1885  he  removed  with  his  family  to  Hoquiam  on  Gray's 
Harbor,  but  again  returned  to  the  east  and  died  in  New  York  in  1900.     His 

I)    all   reside  in    1  loquiam. 

Joseph  Soule  married  Miss  Frances  Fensley,  now  living  at  Hoquiam, 
who  is  a  line,  intellectual  and  well  preserved  woman.  She  is  a  direct  de- 
scendanl   of  General   Schuyler  0,1"   Revolutionary   fame;  of  John  Folsom  of 

mouth,  Xew  Hampshire,  another  patriot  and  an  ancestor  also  of  Mrs. 
Grove:  l  li  /eland,  and,  on  her  mother's  side,  from  Sir  Robbie  Murray  of 
Stirling,  Scotland,  and  Timothy   Pickering,  Washington's  secretary  of  state. 

In  the  collateral  branches  of  the  Soule  family  are  some  interesting  char- 
acters, among  them  I"  despotic    Rev.   John    Wheelwright,   brother  of 
Mrs.     \nne    Hutchinson,    and    the    founder    during   his   enforced   exile    from 
colon)  of  Wells,  Maine,  and  Essex,  Xew  Hampshire;  the  Rev. 
(he  saintrj   founder  of  I  oncord,  Massachusetts;  Major  Robert 
Pike,  the  famous  lawyer  and  Indian  lighter,  who  saved  many  an  old  woman 

.  and  who  was  one  of  the  founders  of 
Salisbury,   Massachusetts;  and   the  above  mentioned   Constant   Southworth, 

n  of  Governor  Bradford,  who  came  to  the  country  in  1628.     During 


his  long  life  he  held  many  important  offices  in  Plymouth  colony,  being  deputy 
governor  for  twenty-two  years,  treasurer  for  sixteen  years  and  commissary 
general  during  King  Philip's  war. 

Mrs.  Kuhn  is  one  of  the  children  of  Joseph  and  Frances  Soule,  the  others 
being  John  Fensley  Soule,  secretary  of  the  Northwestern  Lumber  Company ; 
Mrs.  Sarah  Soule  McMillan,  Captain  Thomas  Soule  and  Mrs.  Josiah  Onslow 
Stearns,  all  of  Hoquiam. 


James  Harvey  Wilson  was  a  native  of  Ohio,  and  by  occupation  was  a 
farmer  and  also  a  railroad  contractor.  About  1874  he  removed  with  his 
family  to  northwestern  Missouri,  locating  near  St.  Joseph,  where  he  died  in 
1875.  He  married  Henrietta  Melick,  who  has  survived  him  and  resides  in 
Dekalb  county,  Missouri. 

Before  this  worth)'  couple  had  left  their  home  at  Lancaster,  Ohio,  their 
son  Zachary  T.  was  born  to  them,  in  1850.  A  part  of  his  boyhood  was  spent 
on  a  farm,  where  he  grew  up  strong  and  vigorous.  He  was  large  for  his  age, 
and,  taking  advantage  of  this  fact,  during  the  last  year  of  the  Civil  war,  he 
tried  three  times  to  enlist,  and  would  have  succeeded  in  spite  of  his  age,  had 
his  father  not  taken  him  out.  But  the  soldier  instinct  was  so  strong  in  him, 
that,  failing  to  gain  permission  to  enlist  in  the  regular  army,  he  joined  the 
artillery  branch  of  the  Ohio  Home  Guards,  and  had  charge  of  a  gun  at 
Camp  Chase  for  three  months.  While  in  performance  of  duties  connected 
with  this  position  he  yielded  to  one  of  the  powerful  impulses  of  boys  and 
chipped  his  name  on  the  gun,  which  will  remain  as  a  lasting  memorial  of 
his  "soldiering,"  since  this  now  antiquated  piece  of  artillery  is  preserved  on 
the  grounds  of  the  state  arsenal  at  Columbus,  Ohio.  Mr.  Wilson  afterward 
finished  his  education  at  Union  Academy  at  Fairfield.  Ohio,  where  he  was 
graduated  in  1870. 

On  leaving  home  he  became  an  employe  of  a  large  grain  firm  at  Win- 
chester, Ohio.  He  later  taught  school  in  Fairfield  county,  and  when  he  re- 
moved with  the  family  to  Missouri  he  became  principal  of  a  school  in  thai 
section.  But  in  188 1  he  gave  up  school  teaching"  and  set  out  for  the  territory 
of  Washington.  For  the  following  ten  years  he  was  in  the  mercantile  busi- 
ness at  Walla  Walla,  and  then  came  to  the  Gray's  Harbor  district,  locating 
first  at  the  town  of  Gray's  Harbor,  which,  however,  was  a  place  of  mushroom 
growth  and  soon  withered  out  of  existence.  In  1892  he  established  his  resi- 
dence at  Hoquiam,  where  he  has  remained  ever  since.  For  the  six  years 
following  his  location  here  he  was  connected  with  the  E.  K.  Wood  Lumber 
Company,  a  part  of  which  time  he  had  charge  of  their  general  store.  Since 
leaving  the  lumber  company  he  has  been  employed  in  various  capacities,  gen- 
erally as  a  bookkeeper,  until  December,  1901.  when  he  was  elected  city  clerk 
of  Hoquiam,  and  was  re-elected  a  year  later.  Besides  attending  to  the  faith- 
ful discharge  of  the  duties  of  this  office,  he  conducts  a  real  estate  business  and 
is  meeting  with  increasing  success. 

Mr.  Wilson  has  four  children  by  his  two  marriages.  His  first  wife  was 
Helen  Perry,  to  whom  he  was  married  at  St.  Joseph,  Missouri,  in  1878;  she 


was  a  native  of  northwestern  Pennsylvania  and  was  a  member  of  the  Commo- 
dore Perry  branch  of  the  family  of  that  name.  The  three  children  of  this 
union  are  Fannie  M.,  Chester  A.  and  Agnes.  Mr.  Wilson's  present  wife  is 
Beatrice  (Hamilton)  Wilson,  to  whom  he  was  married  at  Hoquiam.  They 
have  a  son  by  the  name  of  Winfkld  D.  Mr.  Wilson  is  a  firm  believer  in 
Republican  principles  and  policies,  and  it  was  on  the  ticket  of  that  party  that 
he  was  elected  to  his  present  position. 

MARK    H.    DRAHAM. 

The  above  named  gentleman,  who  occupies  a  very  prominent  position  in 
connection  with  the  lumber  interests  of  Washington,  has  been  engaged  in 
this  line  of  business  all  his  life.  From  earliest  boyhood  he  has  been  familiar 
with  the  sights  and  scenes  of  logging  camps,  the  stubborn  oxen  pulling  their 
lumber  loads,  the  resounding  blows  of  the  ax,  the  busy  whirr  of  the  saw,  the 
shouts  and  oaths  of  the  drivers,  the  loud  explosions  that  shake  the  earth 
when  some  monarch  of  the  forest  topples  to  the  earth  with  a  tremendous 
crash.  He  understands  this  vast  industry  in  every  detail,  from  the  first 
stroke  of  the  ax  or  saw  at  the  base  of  the  tree  to  the  business  of  financing  a 
great  corporation  with  an  enormous  capital  to  manufacture  and  handle 
lumber  on  a  vast  scale.  It  has  been  his  fortune  to  be  engaged  in  this  busi- 
ness in  many  states  and  in  widely  different  sections  of  the  Union,  from  the 
upper  Atlantic  coast  to  the  magnificent  forests  that  border  on  Puget  Sound. 
Mr.  Draham  first  smelled  the  odors  of  pine  in  the  woods  of  Maine,  but  his 
ancestors,  who  were  of  Irish  origin,  had  previously  settled  in  Massachusetts. 

Lawrence  Draham,  who  was  born  in  the  last  mentioned  state,  was  a 
man  of  bold  spirit  and  adventurous  disposition.  He  joined  the  "forty- 
niners"  in  the  middle  of  the  century  and  went  to  California  in  the  wild  rush 
for  gold.  Ten  vears  later  he  joined  the  Union  army  and  served  with  courage 
and  fidelity  until  the  close  of  hostilities.  This  veteran,  now  no  more,  was 
married  in  early  manhood  to  Alary  I'lunkct  and  had  a  family  of  eleven  chil- 
dren, of  whom  eighl  are  living,  and  three  are  residents  of  Washington.  Mrs. 
Dell   Roger-,  one  of  the  daughters,  resides  at  Omaha. 

Mark  11.  Draham,  one  of  the  sons  who  came  to  Washington,  was  born 
in  Maine  in  1S5S,  and  remained  there  until  early  manhood.  At  the  age  of 
Fourteen  he  was  compelled  to  make  his  own  living,  and  the  stimulus  of 
poverty,  connected  with  energy  and  industry,  enabled  him  in  a  comparatively 
short  period  to  rise  several  rungs  on  the  ladder  of  success.  With  his  boyish 
experience-  in  the  pineries  of  Maine  as  practically  his  only  capital  he  came 
to  Washington  in  (877,  and  soon  he  became  active  in  the  lumber  industry  of 
that  -tate.  Locating  at  Shelton,  he  took  stock  in  the  Mason  County  Logging 
1  ompany,  hut  later  disposed  of  this  interest  for  the  purpose  of  organizing  the 
company  with  which  he  has  since  been  so  conspicuously  identified.  This  or- 
ganization, known  as  the  Western  Washington  Logging  Company,  is  one 
of  the  most  important  of  its  kind  iii  the  state.  It  controls  nearly  all  the 
timbered  lands  along  the  line  of  the  Shelton  &  Southwestern  Railway,  a  dis- 
tance oi  over  iwent\  miles,  owns  live  thousand  acres  of  timber,  employs 
litv  men,  and  their  annual  output  is  over  twenty  live  million  feet  of  lumber. 

tITFnewTorF  i 



All  the  logs  are  shipped  to  the  bay  and  towed  to  the  different  mills  on  the 
Sound.  Mr.  Draham  is  president  of  the  company,  and  his  brother,  G.  \Y. 
Draham,  is  the  secretary,  while  W.  H.  Kneeland,  the  vice  president  and  treas- 
urer, is  also  owner  of  the  railroad  above  mentioned.  The  officials  and 
owners  are  all  men  of  fine  business  ability  and  high  standing  in  financial  cir- 
cles and  thoroughly  experienced  concerning  everything  connected  with  lum- 
ber industry.  This  is  especially  true  of  Dr.  Draham  himself,  whose  life-long 
training,  united  with  broad  business  views,  makes  him  a  very  valuable  man 
for  the  company  of  which  he  is  the  executive  head. 

Mr.  Draham's  social  relations  are  in  keeping  with  his  business  qualifica- 
tions and  make  him,  both  as  man  and  citizen,  one  of  the  favorites  among 
the  people  with  whom  he  has  cast  his  lot.  He  accepted  election  to  the  Shelton 
city  council  for  the  purpose  of  being  able  to  push  forward  improvements  and 
bring  about  repairs  that  would  make  the  capital  of  Mason  county  one  of  the 
model  towns  of  the  Puget  Sound  country.  In  1890  Mr.  Draham  was  mar- 
ried to  Miss  Margaret  Marshall,  a  lady  of  Canadian  birth  and  English  an- 
cestry, by  whom  he  has  a  daughter  named  Margery'.  Mr.  Draham  acts  politi- 
cally with  the  Republican  party,  and  holds  fraternal  relations  with  the 
Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen. 

HON.    CHARLES   E.    COON. 

Hon.  Charles  E.  Coon,  president  of  the  Port  Townsend  Mercantile  Com- 
pany, mayor  and  president  of  the  Chamber  of  Commerce  of  Port  Townsend, 
was  born  at  Friendship,  Allegany  county,  New  York,  in  1842,  and  is  a  son 
of  Arthur  A.  and  Emeline  (Evarts)  Coon,  the  latter  of  whom  was  a  grand- 
daughter of  Brigadier  General  Gideon  Brownson,  commander  of  a  brigade 
of  "Green  Mountain  Boys"  in  the  Revolutionary  war.  Hon.  William  M. 
Evarts  belonged  to  the  same  family.  The  maternal  ancestry  is  English, 
while  the  paternal  is  Scotch. 

Charles  E.  Coon,  whose  services  as  a  statesman  have  distinguished  him, 
received  only  a  common  school  education.  On  April  24,  1861,  at  the  age  of 
eighteen  years,  he  enlisted  in  the  Twenty-third  New  York  Volunteer  Infantry, 
serving  in  the  Army  of  the  Potomac  until  1863,  when  he  became  chief  clerk 
and  deputy  provost  marshal  of  the  Twenty-seventh  Congressional  district 
(his  own)  in  New  York.  In  1864,  on  coming  out  of  the  army,  he  was  given 
a  position  in  the  office  of  the  United  States  treasurer,  at  Washington,  and 
from  thence,  for  a  long  number  of  years,  his  life  was  a  story  of  promotions 
and  success  in  the  government  service,  until  he  became  assistant  secretary  of 
the  treasury,  under  President  Arthur.  He  served  in  different  capacities  in 
the  treasurer's  office  and  was  finally  transferred  to  the  office  of  the  secretary. 

In  1871  Mr.  Coon  was  selected  as  one  of  the  staff  of  Hon.  William  A. 
Richardson,  assistant  secretary  of  the  treasury,  on  a  mission  the  purpose  of 
which  was  to  refund  the  United  States  bonded  debt.  He  was  engaged  in 
this  work  almost  continuously  for  ten  years,  making  ten  trips  back  and  forth 
between  the  two  countries.  At  first  he  was  assistant  funding  agent,  but  later 
became  agent  in  charge.  It  has  been  computed  that,  during  all  this  time, 
the  money  and  securities  passing  through  his  hands  amounted  to  one  thousand 
million  dollars. 


Mr.  Coon  was  in  the  office  of  the  secretary  of  the  treasury  when  Secretary 
John  Sherman  brought  about  the  resumption  of  specie  payments.  By  Mr. 
Sherman's  direction  he  prepared  an  exhaustive  report  to  Congress,  which 
was  published  under  the  title  of  "Refunding  and  Resumption  of  Specie  Pay- 
ments." The  last  notable  service  performed  by  Mr.  Coon  was  at  the  outset 
of  the  Garfield  administration,  when  a  disturbance  of  the  balance  of  trade 
was  threatened  by  the  return  from  abroad  of  a  large  amount  of  United  States 
bonds,  about  to  fall  due.  He  proffered  his  services  to  Secretary  Windom 
and  expressed  the  opinion  that  he  could  exchange  these  bonds  in  Europe  for 
long-term  bonds  bearing  a  lower  rate  of  interest.  He  was  given  authority 
to  show  what  he  could  do  in  this  line,  and  accordingly  he  went  to  London, 
with  one  clerk,  mainly  at  his  own  expense,  and  through  his  acquaintance  with 
financiers  over  there,  both  in  England  and  on  the  continent,  succeeded  in 
refunding  seventy-five  million  dollars  of  these  bond-holdings  into  four  per 
cenl.  bonds.  The  saving  in  interest  was  enormous,  and  Congress  reimbursed 
him  for  all  expenses  incurred. 

In  April,  1884,  Mr.  Coon  was  selected  by  President  Arthur  to  be  assist- 
ant secretary  of  the  treasury,  and  he  was  immediately  confirmed  by  the  senate, 
a  promotion  that  was  very  gratifying  to  Mr.  Coon,  as  a  suitable  recognition 
of  his  abilities  and  long  service.  After  Charles  J.  Folger's  death,  and  until 
his  successor  was  appointed,  he  was  designated  as  acting  secretary.  When 
the  Cleveland  administration  took  hold  in  1885,  Mr.  Coon,  although  a  Repub- 
lican, was  requested  to  remain,  and  served  under  President  Cleveland  foi 
nine  months,  when  he  resigned.  His  continuous  service  in  the  treasury  de- 
partment lasted  from  Salmon  P.  Chase,  in  1864,  to  Daniel  Manning,  in  1885. 
lie  was  widely  known  as  an  authority  on  matters  in  connection  with  fiscal 
operations  of  the  government,  and  the  newspapers  in  those  days  made  con- 
stant use  of  him  as  a  source  of  information  and  as  an  authority  on  govern- 
ment finance.  Although  a  strong  Republican,  it  should  be  stated  that  Colonel 
(nun  wuii  bis  promotions  solely  on  merit,  and  on  account  of  his  hard  work, 
knowledge  and  ability.  Alter  coming  out  of  the  treasury  department,  in 
[888,  be  was  nominated  for  Congress  from  the  tenth  congressional  district 
of  New  York,  which  was  hopelessly  Democratic.  Although  defeated  by 
General  Daniel  P.  Sickles,  Mr.  Coon  ran  one  thousand  votes  ahead  of  Benja- 
min  Harrison,  the  presidential  candidate. 

Mr.  Coon  continued  to  live  in  New  York  until  1895,  when  he  came  on 
a  visit  to  bis  niece  at  Tacoma,  and  was  so  favorably  impressed  with  the  Puget 
Sound  country  that  he  decided  to  remain  here  and  go  into  business.  In  1897 
he  located  permanently  at  Port  Townsendj  establishing  the  Port  Townsend 
Mercantile  Company,  of  which  lie  is  president.  This  is  a  wholesale  and  retail 
grocery  and  ship  supply  house,  and  does  a  large  business.  He  is  president 
ol  the  Chamber  of  Commerce  of  Port  Townsend.  having  been  re-elected  to 
that  position  four  times.  In  December,  1901,  be  was  elected  mayor,  and  in 
I  (ecember,  1902,  he  was  again  elected,  for  another  year,  receiving  all  the 
\i  ites  cast. 

Mr.  Coon  was  one  of  the  first  members  of  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Re- 
public when  it  was  organized  at  Washington,  and  was  a  member  of  Burnside 
I 'list  in  that  city  until  1901,  when  be  transferred  his  membership  to  the  Port 
Townsend  post,     lie  also  belongs  to  the  Society  of  the  Army  of  the  Potomac 


and  to  the  Union  Soldiers'  Alliance,  is  a  prominent  Mason  and  is  a  member 
of  the  Masonic  Veterans'  Association  of  Washington  city.  His  member- 
ship is  also  a  prominent  and  valued  one  in  local  Elk  circles  and  in  the  Society 
of  the  Sons  of  the  Revolution,  in  New  York  city.  He  is  locally  known  as 
Colonel  Coon. 


When  the  present  site  of  the  city  of  Tacoma  was  largely  covered  with 
forest  trees  that  stood  in  their  primeval  strength,  William  A.  Fairweather 
made  his  way  to  this  section  of  the  country,  and  through  the  intervening  years 
he  has  watched  with  interest  the  progress  and  development  here,  and  has 
contributed  in  no  small  degree  to  the  growth  and  improvement  of  this  section 
of  the  state.  He  is  now  serving  as  deputy  collector  of  United  States  customs 
in  charge  of  the  port  of  Tacoma,  and  all  who  are  at  all  familiar  with  his  life 
know  that  in  the  discharge  of  his  duties  he  will  ever  prove  faithful,  prompt 
and  reliable. 

Mr.  Fairweather  was  born  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  in  1853,  a  son 
of  Peter  and  Elizabeth  Fairweather.  The  father  belonged  to  an  old  New 
Brunswick  family  of  Scotch  descent  and  was  born  in  Essex  county,  New 
York,  where  the  family  was  residing  at  that  time.  Later,  however,  the 
parents  returned  to  New  Brunswick,  where  Peter  Fairweather  spent  his  re- 
maining days.  H.  W.  Fairweather,  a  brother  of  our  subject,  is  a  prominent 
citizen  of  Spokane,  where  for  a  number  of  years  he  has  been  engaged  in  the 
banking  business.  He  came  to  the  northwest  in  1871  as  a  representative  of 
railroad  interests,  and  was  finally  made  auditor  and  general  freight  and  pas- 
senger agent  of  the  Oregon  Railway  &  Navigation  Company  at  Portland, 
filling  that  position  until  he  resigned  in  order  to  engage  in  banking  east  of 
the  mountains. 

William  A.  Fairweather  spent  the  first  sixteen  years  of  his  life  in  his 
parents'  home,  and  then  left  New  Brunswick,  going  to  Nashua,  New  Hamp 
shire,  in  order  to  finish  his  education.  On  putting  aside  his  text-books  he 
became  connected  with  the  Underbill  Edge  Tool  Company  of  Nashua,  and 
was  thus  employed  for  a  number  of  years.  In  1873,  however,  he  left  the  old 
Granite  state  and  came  to  the  Pacific  coast  by  way  of  the  Isthmus  of  Panama. 
Eventually  he  arrived  at  San  Francisco  and  there  he  took  passage  on  the 
old  steamer  John  L.  Stevens  bound  for  Portland.  On  reaching  his  destina- 
tion he  entered  the  employ  of  the  Northern  Pacific  Railroad  Company,  which 
had  just  completed  its  line  from  Portland  north  to  Tacoma.  For  a  time  he 
was  located  at  Kalama,  but  in  1875  he  came  to  Tacoma.  becoming  one  of  the 
first  settlers  here.  The  future  city  was  yet  in  its  infancy  and  gave  little 
promise  of  speedy  development  or  rapid  growth.  Where  are  now  seen  line 
business  blocks  stood  forest  trees,  and  the  most  far-sighted  could  scarcely 
have  dreamed  of  the  marvelous  changes  which  were  soon  to  occur.  Mr. 
Fairweather  remained  at  Tacoma  for  about  four  years,  and  in  1879  crossed 
the  Cascade  mountains  and  established  the  first  store  in  the  new  (own  of 
Ainsworth  on  the  Snake  river.  Subsequently  he  engaged  in  general  mer- 
chandising at  Sprague,  and,  thus  connected  with  different  business  enter- 
prises, his  absence  from  Tacoma  covered  ten  years.  In  [886  lie  served  as 
mayor  of  Sprague  and  was  elected  to  other  local  offices  in  that  place. 

62      "        HISTORY  OF  THE  PUGET  SOUND  COUNTRY. 

On  returning  to  Tacoma  Mr.  Fairweather  became  an  active  factor  in 
business  and  political  circles  here.  He  was  elected  on  the  Republican  ticket 
to  the  office  of  clerk  of  Pierce  county  for  a  term  of  two  years,  and  in  May, 
1899,  lie  was  appointed  deputy  collector  of  customs  for  the  Puget  Sound 
district  in  charge  of  the  port  of  Tacoma.  This  is  an  important  office,  for 
the  import  business  at  Tacoma  has  already  assumed  vast  proportions  and 
the  work  requires  the  services  of  a  number  of  collectors  and  inspectors,  who 
discharge  their  duties  under  the  guidance  of  Mr.  Fairweather.  He  has  the 
business  of  the  office  well  in  hand,  and  is  prompt  and  faithful  in  the  execu- 
tion of  every  duty  which  devolves  upon  him. 

In  [88]  was  celebrated  the  marriage  of  William  A.  Fairweather  and 
Miss  Annie  Myers,  the  wedding  taking  place  in  Oregon  City,  Oregon.  The 
lady  is  a  daughter  of  the  Hon.  John  Myers,  who  was  a  member  of  the 
Oregon  legislature  for  twelve  years  and  served  as  United  States  marshal 
under  President  Cleveland's  administration.  The  home  of  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Fairweather  has  been  blessed  with  four  children:  Eva,  Allen  M.,  John  and 
Frances.  They  reside  at  31 10  North  Twenty-fourth  street.  Mr.  Fair- 
weather  is  a  prominent  Mason  and  for  five  years  served  as  master  of  the 
e  at  Sprague.  He  is  a  past  grand  master  of  the  state  of  Washington 
and  also  a  past  grand  priest  of  the  Royal  Arch  chapter  of  the  state.  His 
knowledge  of  Masonry  is  broad  and  comprehensive,  and  his  life  has  been  in 
harmony  with  the  teachings  and  the  benevolent  spirit  of  the  craft.  In  politics 
he  has  also  been  long  and  deeply  interested,  and  he  takes  an  active  and  ef- 
fective part  in  promoting  the  growth  and  welfare  of  the  Republican  party. 
'  lc  has  served  as  chairman  of  campaign  committees,  and  his  labors  have  been 
so  directed  as  to  produce  good  results.  As  a  pioneer  settler  of  the  northwest 
Mr.  Fairweather  certainly  deserves  representation  in  this  volume,  and,  more- 
over, be  is  entitled  to  honorable  mention  because  of  his  activity  in  business 
affairs,  his  patriotic  devotion  to  the  principles  in  which  he  believes,  and  his 
earnest  efforts  for  the  welfare  and  progress  of  Tacoma  and  the  state  of 


In  all  heavily  wooded  countries  where  lumbering  is  an  important  in- 
dustry there  is  a  class  of  men  known  as  cruisers,  who  are  factors  of  moment. 
The  business  of  the  cruiser,  or  estimator,  is  to  go  through  the  forests,  care- 
fully inspect  the  growing  timber  and  be  able  to  report  as  to  the  quantity  as 
well  as  quality,  the  amount  growing  on  a  specified  area  of  acres  and  other 
information  to  be  used  by  purchasers.  It  takes  a  man  of  long  experience 
and  natural  ability  to  do  this  work  with  the  accuracy  required,  while  it  is  of 
the  utmost  importance  to  those  intending  to  buy  large  quantities  of  timber 
that  they  should  be  able  to  form  some  estimate  of  what  it  is  worth.  One  of 
these  experts  can  tell  at  a  glance  all  about  a  tree — its  probable  age.  its  sound- 
ness or  unsoundness,   the  particular  botanical   group  to  which   it  belongs,   its 

it  and  si/e.  and  everything  else  that  a  man  about  to  buy  would  be  de- 
irou  of  knowing  before  purchasing,  Thus  the  work  of  these  experts 
;  regular  business,  or  perhaps  profession  would  be  a  better  name 

lor  it,  as  it  requires  educated  skill  of  a  high  order.  This  subject  is  men- 
tioned here  because  Mr.  Needham,  of  whom  this  biography  treats,  was  once 


in  this  business  of  "spying"  out  the  forests  and  reporting  to  his  employers 
as  to  their  timber  supply.  He  was  formerly  in  the  employment  of  the  cor- 
poration now  known  as  the  Peninsular  Railroad  Company,  and  after  five 
years'  service  he  was  made  superintendent  of  building  and  operating.  Sub- 
sequent to  this  he  was  engaged  to  do  the  work  which  has  been  sufficiently 
described  above. 

Arthur  Needham  is  of  English  nativity,  his  birth  having  occurred  at 
Sheffield,  February  5,  1859.  In  1868,  when  he  was  nine  years  old,  the  boy 
was  brought  to  America  and  placed  in  charge  of  friends  at  Saginaw,  Michi- 
gan, to  be  educated.  He  grew  to  manhood  in  this  city,  and,  as  it  was  the 
center  of  a  large  lumbering  industry,  his  attention  was  naturally  turned  in 
that  direction  as  he  grew  toward  manhood.  When,  in  1883,  he  removed  to 
Washington  he  found  himself  in  another  lumber  state  with  enormous  capital 
and  scores  of  thousands  of  men  employed  in  the  various  branches  of  the 
business.  Mr.  Needham,  as  stated,  became  connected  with  the  industry,  and 
was  regarded  as  an  expert  in  his  line.  He  received  good  wages,  and  being 
careful  with  his  money  soon  had  capital  sufficient  to  go  into  the  mercantile 
business.  He  opened  his  store  in  1894,  and  was  the  pioneer  haberdasher  of 
Shelton.  He  is  also  the  only  one  in  this  line  of  business  at  the  county  seat, 
and  enjoys  a  thriving  trade,  supplying  the  surrounding  country  with  hats, 
caps,  shoes  and  all  kinds  of  gents'  furnishing  goods.  Adjoining  his  general 
store  he  keeps  an  establishment  devoted  to  millinery,  which  is  in  charge  of 
his  wife.  As  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Needham  are  attentive  to  business,  honorable  in 
their  methods  and  courteous  to  customers,  they  have  built  up  an  excellent 
business,  while  acquiring  along  with  it  many  friends  and  well  wishers. 

In  1888  Mr.  Needham  married  Miss  Ida  Day,  by  whom  he  has  five  chil- 
dren: Arthur  N..  Ida  M.,  Maurice  H.,  Elva  Rovena  and  Earl.  Mr.  Need- 
ham is  fond  of  the  sociabilities  and  material  benefit  which  comes  from  joining 
the  fraternities,  and  holds  membership  in  a  number  of  the  most  prominent 
secret  societies.  He  belongs  to  the  Odd  Fellows,  Maccabees.  Eagles,  Yeo- 
men, Woodmen  of  the  World  and  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen. 
With  his  family  he  lives  in  a  comfortable  home  at  Shelton  and  enjoys  general 
respect  as  a  good  neighbor,  a  good  citizen  and  an  enterprising  business  man. 


Cyrus  V.  Dunbar  is  the  pioneer  druggist  of  Shelton.  He  arrived  in 
this  city  in  1888,  when  it  was  a  village  of  but  few  inhabitants,  and  in  De- 
cember of  the  same  year  he  opened  his  drug  store,  in  which  he  has  since  kept 
pace  with  the  needs  of  the  town  and  has  met  with  gratifying  success  in  his 
chosen  vocation.  A  native  of  the  state  of  Michigan,  he  was  born  at  Eaton 
Rapids,  Eaton  county,  on  the  15th  of  June.  1856,  and  is  of  Scotch  descent, 
but  his  ancestors  have  resided  in  America  since  an  early  day.  His  father, 
Charles  S.  Dunbar,  was  born  in  New  York  in  183 1,  was  there  educated  and 
learned  the  blacksmith  trade,  and  also  engaged  in  the  hotel  business  and 
farming.  He  married  Miss  Orphia  S.  Norton,  and  seven  children  were  born 
of  the  union,  of  whom  five  are  living  on  the  Pacific  coast:  William  H.,  an 
expert  accountant  of  Seattle;  Hiram  N.,  a  blacksmith  of  Shelton;  Mrs. 
Knight,  superintendent  of  the  Mason  county  schools;  and  E.  Prentis,  who 


is  engaged  in  the  paint  and  wall  paper  business  in  Bremerton,  Washington. 
Charles  S.  Dunbar  loyally  served  in  the  Union  army  during  the  dark  days  of 
the  rebellion. 

Cyrus  V.  Dunbar  was  educated  in  the  schools  of  Eaton  Rapids,  Michi- 
gan, and  in  his  native  city  he  also  learned  the  drug  business.  Going  to  Port- 
land, Oregon,  in  1882,  he  was  there  engaged  at  his  chosen  vocation  until 
1888,  when  he  came  to  Shelton  and  has  since  been  recognized  as  the  leading 
druggist  of  the  place.  On  Christmas  day  of  1877  Mr.  Dunbar  was  happily 
married  to  Miss  Sarah  Ann  Laverock,  a  native  of  New  York  and  of  English 
ancestry.  One  daughter  has  been  born  to  brighten  and  bless  the  home  of 
our  subject  ami  wife,  Cecil  Veva,  and  she  is  a  graduate  of  the  pharmacy  de- 
partment of  the  Michigan  State  University,  at  Ann  Arbor.  Mr.  Dunbar 
.-  :ercises  his  right  of  franchise  in  support  of  the  men  and  measures  of  the 
Republican  party,  and  has  served  with  efficiency  as  a  justice  of  the  peace 
and  as  town  clerk.  His  fraternal  relations  connect  him  with  the  Ancient 
Order  of  United  Workmen  and  the  Knights  of  Pythias,  being  a  valued  and 
active  worker  in  both  orders.  He  is  a  great  lover  of  music  and  plays  the 
1  ornet  in  the  Shelton  band,  of  which  three  of  his  brothers  are  also  members. 
Since  coming  to  the  Evergreen  state  Mr.  Dunbar  has  achieved  excellent  suc- 
cess, and  is  now  numbered  among  the  substantial  citizens  of  Shelton. 


In  this  age  of  marked  enterprise  and  intellectual  energy  the  prominent 
and  successful  men  are  those  whose  abilities,  persistence  and  courage  lead 
them  into  large  undertakings,  and  wdio  assume  the  responsibilities  and  labors 
of  leaders  in  their  respective  vocations.  Success  is  methodical  and  consecu- 
tive, and  however  much  we  may  indulge  in  fantastic  theorizing  as  to  its  ele- 
ments and  causation  in  any  isolated  instance,  yet  in  the  light  of  sober  in- 
vestigation we  will  find  it  to  be  but  a  result  of  the  determined  application  of 
one's  abilities  and  powers  along  the  rigidly  defined  lines  of  labor.  It  has 
certainly  been  in  this  way  that  Thomas  Bordeaux  has  gained  the  position 
which  he  now  occupies  in  the  business  world,  a  position  which  makes  him  a 

1  in  industrial  and  commercial  circles  in  his  part  of  the  state.  He  is  the 
president  of  the  Mason  County  Logging  Company  and  makes  his  home  in 
Shelton,  from  which  place  he  directs  his  business,  which  has  become  the  most 
extensive  in  its  line  in  this  part  of  the  state. 

Mr.  Bordeaux  was  born  in  Canada,  just  across  the  St.  Lawrence  river 
from  Montreal,  on  the  toth  of  June,  [852,  and  is  of  French  ancestry.  His 
grandfather,  Jerenne  Bordeaux,  was  born  in  1  "ranee  and  became  a  pioneer 
settler  of  Canada,  where  Theofield  Bordeaux,  the  father  of  our  subject,  was 
born  and  reared.  The  early  French  settlers  in  the  Dominion  had  to  contend 
with  many  difficulties  and  hardships,  and  often  times  had  to  face  dangers 
which  demanded  the  utmost  personal  courage,  for  the  Indians  frequently 
attacked  the  white  nun.  who  had  to  defend  themselves  with  pitchforks  or 
any  weapons  which  they  could  procure.  Theofield  Bordeaux  married  Miss 
I.ucile  Ba  mm  iie.  and  the)   became  the  parents  of  four  sons,  three  of  whom 

n  Washington,  namely.  Joseph,  Gilberl  and  Thomas.     The  mother  died, 




and  the  father  has  since  married  twice.     He  is  now  living  in  the  seventy- 
fifth  year  of  his  age. 

Thomas  Bordeaux  had  very  little  opportunity  to  acquire  an  education, 
merely  attending  a  French  school  until  he  had  learned  to  read  and  write  the 
French  language,  but  in  the  school  of  experience  he  has  found  the  oppor- 
tunity of  broadening  his  knowledge  and  is  now  a  well  informed  gentleman, 
of  strong  mentality  and  keen  discrimination.  He  came  to  the  United  States 
in  1872,  when  he  was  in  his  twentieth  year,  and  spent  some  time  in  prospect- 
ing for  gold  in  Montana,  Idaho  and  eastern  Washington,  but  without  success, 
and  in  1885  he  became  connected  with  the  lumber  industry,  beginning  busi- 
ness alone  on  a  small  scale,  hauling  logs  with  oxen  and  employing  only  eight 
or  ten  men  in  his  logging  camp.  He  superintended  the  camp,  the  purchase 
of  the  timber  and  his  sales,  and  as  time  passed  his  business  grew  in  extent 
and  importance  until  he  became  a  recognized  factor  in  the  lumber  business 
and  a  leader  in  his  line.  He  continued  operations  until  1890,  when  the 
Mason  County  Logging  Company  was  incorporated,  and  he  has  been  its 
president  and  manager  continuously  since.''  "'Tltis  company  has  become  one 
of  the  foremost  representatives  of  the''4ttmfer.!lH(&vs'try  of  Washington,  and 
owns  much  timber  lands  in  Mason  and  other  counties,  while  in  its  large 
logging  camps  three  hundred  men  are  employed.  In  connection  with  the 
business  there  is  also  operated  a  large  shingle,  mill  in  the  Black  Hills,  in 
Thurston  county,  in  which  two  hundred  and  fifty  thousand  shingles  are 
manufactured  daily.  The  company  owns  large  togging  engines,  which  haul 
the  logs  from  where  the  trees  are  felled  to  the  log-ways,  where  they  are 
loaded  on  the  cars,  which  carry  them  to  the  bay.  and  thence  they  are  towed 
in  large  rafts  to  the  mills,  where  they  are  converted  into  lumber  and  timbers 
of  all  lengths  and  dimensions.  One  of  the  largest  logs  hauled  by  them  was 
converted  into  twenty-two  thousand  feet  of  lumber,  and  this  also  indicates 
the  ability  of  the  company  to  handle  timber  of  any  size,  even  that  which 
forms  the  great  and  wonderful  forests  of  Washington.  In  addition  to  Mr. 
Bordeaux  the  other  officers  of  the  company  are  his  brother,  Joseph  Bordeaux, 
who  is  the  treasurer,  while  A.  H.  Anderson  is  the  secretary  and  Fred  Staben- 
feldt  is  bookkeeper.  All  are  men  of  marked  business  ability  and  interested 
in  other  important  enterprises,  all  of  which  contribute  to  the  upbuilding  and 
prosperity  of  the  city.  The  company  owns  over  fifteen  thousand  acres  of 
timber  lands,  and  logs  amounting  to  two  hundred  and  fifty  thousand  feet  are 
daily  unloaded  at  the  bay.  The  company  also  owns  forty-five  acres  of  tide 
lands  in  Olympia  harbor,  of  which  six  acres  are  in  oyster  beds,  and  their 
products  also  return  a  very  satisfactory  income.  Mr.  Bordeaux  is  likewise 
a  stockholder  in  the  State  Bank  of  Shelton  and  also  in  the  Lumber  Mercan- 
tile Company,  which  owns  a  store  thirty  by  one  hundred  and  forty  feet,  con- 
taining a  stock  of  merchandise  valued  at  fifty  thousand  dollars,  while  an- 
nually they  handle  goods  to  the  value  of  two  hundred  thousand  dollars. 

In  1889  occurred  the  marriage  of  Mr.  Bordeaux  and  Miss  Mary  Ritner. 
and  two  children  bless  this  union :  Ray  and  Russell.  Mrs.  Bordeaux  died 
in  1898,  and  in  1900  our  subject  married  Miss  Essie  Webb,  a  daughter  of 
Thomas  Webb,  one  of  Mason  county's  best  known  and  most  prominent 
pioneers.     They  have  a  son,  Theofield  K.     In  his  political  views  Mr.   Bor- 


deaux  is  a  Republican,  and  belongs  to  Mount  Moriah  Lodge  No.  n,  F.  & 
A.  M.,  of  Shelton,  and  to  the  commandery.  He  and  his  family  have  a  very 
attractive  In -me  in  Shelton  and  are  numbered  among  the  leading  people  of 
the  city.  To  him  there  has  come  the  attainment  of  a  distinguished  position 
in  connection  with  the  great  material  industries  of  the  state,  and  his  efforts 
have  been  so  descerningly  directed  along  well  defined  lines  of  labor  that  he 
seems  to  have  realized  at  any  one  point  of  progress  the  full  measure  of  his 
possibilities  for  accomplishment  at  that  point.  For  years  he  has  been  an 
important  factor  in  the  development  of  the  natural  resources  of  the  state, 
in  the  upbuilding  and  in  the  promotion  of  its  enterprises,  which  add  not 
alone  to  his  individual  prosperity,  but  also  advance  the  general  welfare  and 
prosperity  of  the  city  in  which  he  makes  his  home. 


Henry  Faubert  is  the  popular  and  hospitable  proprietor  of  Hotel  Webb, 
the  leading  hotel  of  Shelton,  Washington.  This  building  was  erected  in 
[890,  and  is  a  three-story,  frame  structure,  with  sixty-six  bedrooms,  a  mag- 
nificent ladies'  reception  room  and  parlor,  a  large  office,  a  commodious  dining 
room,  and  a  kitchen  tilled  with  the  latest  conveniences  of  the  culinary  art,  and 
a  laundry;  it  is  lighted  throughout  with  electricity,  and  is,  in  short,  just  such 
a  hotel  as  the  business  man  or  the  luxurious  traveler  would  seek  for  the 
enjoyment  of  all  the  conveniences  of  home  life,  and  the  genial  landlord  is 
ever  eager  to  provide  for  the  comfort  of  his  guests.  A  free  bus  is  run  to 
and  from  the  hotel,  and  it  is  the  center  for  all  the  traveling  men  who  visit 

For  the  ancestry  of  Mr.  Faubert  we  must  look  back  to  that  fascinating 
and  early  period  concerned  with  the  settlement  of  the  pioneers  of  France  in 
the  new  world,  and  he  springs  from  a  French  nobleman  who  resided  in 
1  anada  thn  e  hundred  years  ago  and  whose  descendants  have  ever  since  taken 
pari  in  the  development  of  that  country.  His  father.  Jacques  Faubert,  was 
born  in  Canada  and  married  Miss  Josephine  Daigneault,  who  was  also  of  an 
old  French  Canadian  family.  He  died  in  his  thirty- fourth  year,  leaving  a 
family  of  live  children,  but  his  wife,  now  in  her  seventy-eighth  year,  resides 
in  the  old  home  ai  \  alleyfield,  Canada.  The  only  members  of  the  family  in 
Washington  art-  our  subject  and  his  brother  Joseph,  both  in  Shelton. 

ry  Faubert  was  born  in  Valleyfield,  Canada,  August  18,  1858.  and 
'us  education  in  his  native  country  up  to  his  twelfth  year,  when  he 

to  Glens  Falls,  New  York,  where  he  remained  five  years;' he  then  came 

to   Bodie,  California,  where  he  engaged  in  mining;  in  1880  he  was  in 

Montana,  in  the  lumber  business,  and  from  Butte  he  made  the  trip  on 

horseb    ;    to  Spol   ine,  Washington,  thus  having  an  excellent  opportunity  to 

the  country.     Coming  to  Skagit,  Washington,  he  was  employed   111  a, 
camp,  but   in    [890  built  a  hotel  at    Hood's  Canal;  after  conducting' 
this  i  1    he  rented  it  and  then  became  the  proprietor  of  Hotel  Webb, 

which  he  has  since  managed  with  most  gratifying  success  and  in  such  a  way 
1     redil  upon  the  town. 

In    [89]    Mr.   Faubert  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Virginia  A.  Bor- 
l\  of  French  ancestry  and  a  sister  of  Thomas,  Joseph  and  Gilbert 


Bordeaux,  respected  business  men  of  Shelton.  Five  children  have  been  born 
to  them,  Stella,  Corine,  Edward  Henry,  Alice  and  Florentine.  They  reside 
in  a  nice  home  a  block  from  the  hotel,  and  there  they  enjoy  the  company  of 
many  friends.  Mr.  Faubert  is  a  Royal  Arch  Mason  and  an  Elk,  in  politics 
is  a  Republican  and  is  awake  to  the  best  interests  of  the  town.  He  owns  stock 
in  the  Skookum  Oyster  Company,  and  has  property  both  in  and  out  of  the 
city,  being  everywhere  rated  as  one  of  the  prominent  business  men  of 
the  state. 

JEAN   F.    RILEY. 

Honored  and  respected  by  all,  there  is  no  man  in  Shelton  who  occupies 
a  more  enviable  position  in  financial  and  commercial  circles  in  this  place  than 
does  Jean  F.  Riley,  the  founder  and  cashier  of  the  State  Bank.  His  success 
in  all  his  undertakings  has  been  so  marked  that  his  methods  are  of  interest  to 
the  commercial  world.  He  has  based  his  business  principles  and  actions  upon 
strict  adherence  to  the  rules  which  govern  industry,  economy  and  unswerv- 
ing integrity,  and  his  enterprise  and  progressive  spirit  have  brought  him  a 
high  degree  of  success  and  made  him  a  valued  citizen  of  his  adopted  county. 

A  native  of  the  state  of  New  York,  lie  was  born  in  Orleans  county,  April 
26,  1866,  a  son  of  James  and  Frances  (Fleming)  Riley,  the  former  born  in 
the  west  of  Ireland,  the  latter  in  the  southern  district' of  the  Emerald  Isle. 
They  were  married  in  Orleans  count}-.  New  York,  in  1855.  and  then  took 
up  their  abode  in  the  state  of  Nebraska  in  1879,  after  having  lived  for  many 
years  in  New  York.  In  early  life- the  father  learned  the  stonemason's  trade, 
and  later  gave  his  attention  to  farming,  being  an  industrious,  reliable  man 
of  genuine  worth.  He  departed  this  life  in  Nebraska,  in  1886,  and  his 
widow,  still  surviving  him,  now  resides  in  Shelton  with  her  son  Jean,  at  the 
age  of  seventy-four  years. 

Jean  F.  Riley  is  the  only  surviving  member  of  a  family  of  six  children. 
He  pursued  his  education  in  New  York  and  in  Nebraska,  attending  the 
public  schools  until  appointed  a  naval  cadet  in  1883,  but  after  two  years  of 
study  he  put  aside  his  text  books  to  enter  the  business  world,  and  joined  his 
brother,  John  D.  Riley,  who  was  engaged  in  the  mortgage  loan  business  in 
Hastings,  Nebraska.  This  was  in  1887,  and  in  1890  the  brother  went  to 
Seattle,  Washington,  where  Jean  F.  Riley  joined  him  in  1893.  There  they 
engaged  in  handling  municipal  bonds,  Mr.  Jean  Riley  going  to  New  York 
to  superintend  their  business  affairs  in  that  city;  but  they  foresaw  the  finan- 
cial panic  of  1893  and  sold  out.  Removing  to  Shelton  in  that  year  they  here 
opened  the  State  Bank  in  the  month  of  April,  and  it  soon  became  established 
as  a  flourishing  and  reliable  financial  concern.  A  general  banking  business 
has  been  carried  on  with  ever  increasing  success,  and  among  the  patrons  are 
numbered  the  leading  business  concerns  of  this  city  and  vicinity.  In  1895 
Mr.  Riley  organized  the  Lumberman's  Mercantile  Company,  which  entered 
upon  a  prosperous  career  and  is  to-day  controlling  the  leading  mercantile 
enterprise  in  the  state  outside  of  the  large  cities,  the  annual  sales  amounting 
to  over  two  hundred  thousand  dollars.  Since  leaving  school  Mr.  Riley  had 
been  associated  in  business  with  his  brother,  but  the  latter's  health  began  to 
fail,  and,  hoping  to  be  benefited  by  travel,  he  visited  Californin.  Colorado  and 



Mexico  returning  in  June.  1898.  The  trip,  however,  did  not  accomplish  the 
S  so  much  desired,  and  on  the  5*  of  September    following his  return 

home  |ohn  Riley  passed  away.  He  had  hosts  of  friends  and  was  veiy  high  y 
esteemed  both  as  a  business  man  and  citizen,  so  that  his  loss  has  been  deeply 
felt  throughout  the  community  as  well  as  by  his  brother  and  mother. 

lean  F  Riley  is  still  continuing  his  connection  with  the  banking  and  the 
mercantile  enterprises,  both  of  which  are  leading  business  concerns  of  this 
part  of  the  state  and  owe  their  successful  conduct  in  large  measure  to  his 
efforts  Ins  keen  foresight  and  marked  capability.  In  matters  pertaining  to 
the  welfare  of  the  city  he  has  also  been  potent,  has  served  on  the  city;  council, 
lias  acted  as  mayor  and  has  effectively  favored  many  measures  which  have 
proved  of  marked  benefit  to  Shelton.  Socially  he  is  connected  with  the  In- 
dependent Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  the  Elks,  with  the  Woodmen  of  the  World 
and  with  the  Knights  of  Maccabees.  In  these  organizations  as  well  as  in 
other  walks  of  life  he  has  gained  many  warm  friends. 

CHARLES    H.   WELLS,    M.    D. 


In  the  extensive  lumber  industry  about  Puget  Sound,  with  all  the  dan- 
gers incident  to  logging,  there  is  especial  need  of  the  skilled  surgeon  and 
physician,  who  often  comes  like  the  angel  of  mercy  to  the  hardy  men  who 
pass  their  time  in  the  depths  of  the  forests  deprived  of  the  comforts  which 
alleviate  to  some  degree  the  sufferings  of  more  fortunate  mortals.  In  the 
camps  about  the  city  of  Shelton  in  Mason  county  Dr.  Wells  is  a  familiar  figure 
to  the  lumbermen,  and  in  the  ten  years  that  he  has  resided  here  he  has  taken 
rank  as  the  leading  physician  and  surgeon  of  Shelton  and  the  country 

His    father.    William   H.    Wells,   was  a   native  of  Ohio,   and   when   the 
country  called  for  his  services  during  the  Civil  war  he  enlisted  in  the  Elev- 
enth Illinois  Cavalry  and  died  of  typhoid  fever  at  Jefferson  City,  Missouri. 
He  had  married   Miss  Jennie  Webb,  a  native  of  Potsdam,  New  York,  and, 
like  himself,  of  old  English  ancestry.     She  now  resides  in  southern  Michigan 
at  the  age  of  sixty  three,  and  her  daughter  is  now  Mrs.  Gale  of  Toledo,  Ohio. 
The  son  born  of  this  marriage  was  Charles  II.  Wells,  and  his  birth  oc- 
curred in   Pecatonica,  Illinois,  June  20,   1861.      He  received  a  good  education 
in  the  public  schools  and  then  studied  medicine  in  the  Michigan  Medical  Col- 
1   !  (etroit,  where  he  was  graduated  in  180,2;  since  this  time  he  has  taken 
three  posl  graduate  courses  in  New  York,  and  keeps  fully  abreast  of  the  times 
isive  reading  and  study.     With  his  diploma  as  a  guarantee  of  bis 
preparation    he  began  his  practice  in  Detroit  and  Toledo,  Ohio,  but  was  for- 
tunate in  having  the  courage  to  seek  a  better  field  far  from  home,  and  in  1893 
he  came  to  Shelton,  where  he  soon  procured  the  patronage  and  confidence  of 
the  best  citizens  and  became  known  as  a  master  hand  in  the  treatment  of  dis- 
and  surgical  cases,  taking  especial  pride  in  the  latter  branch  of  his  work. 
Bui   I  '1     \\  ells  has  also  taken  an  interest  in  affairs  outside  of  his  regular 
calling   and  has  done  much    for  the  advancement  of  the  permanent  good  of 
Shelton.     He  is  a  Republican  in  politics,  and  on  the  ticket  of  that  party  was 
elected  to  the  posl  of  mayor.      In   [886  he  was  married  to  Miss  Lucy  Brown, 


a  native  of  Blissfield,  Lenawee  county,  Michigan,  and  a  daughter  of  Alonzo 
Brown,  of  that  state.  Dr.  Wells  is  a  prominent  Mason,  being  a  member  of 
the  blue  lodge,  the  chapter  and  the  commandery,  and  a  Shriner. 


In  the  early  history  of  this  country  no  profession  was  more  necessary 
than  that  of  surveying.  One  can  hardly  realize  the  great  labor  and  courage 
required  and  dangers  overcome  in  classifying  and  laying  out  sections,  town- 
ships and  ranges  in  the  vast  areas  of  this  country,  and  it  is  one  of  the  oldest 
and  most  venerable  professions.  In  modern  times  it  is  also  required  to 
clearly  define  boundaries  of  property.  In  this  profession,  to  which  the  father 
of  our  country  also  belonged,  the  Hon.  Edward  P.  Kingsbury,  now  United 
States  surveyor  general  of  Washington,  occupies  a  prominent  place. 

The  old  English  ancestors  of  this  family  came  to  Massachusetts  at  an 
early  day,  and  in  that  state  all  of  the  descendants  lived  and  died  except  our 
immediate  subject.  Elijah  Kingsbury,  the  father  of  Edward  P.,  was  born  in 
1802,  was  a  carpenter  and  farmer  and  lived  and  died  in  his  native  place. 
His  wife  was  Joanna  W.  Phipps,  and  was  a  daughter  of  Eli  Phipps  and 
traced  her  ancestry  back  to  Godfrey  Phipps,  who  was  governor  of  Massa- 
chusetts in  the  early  colonial  days.  Mr.  Kingsbury  was  a  worthy  citizen 
and  held  various  offices  of  trust  in  his  township.  He  passed  away  in  No- 
vember, 1888,  in  his  eighty-sixth  year,  and  his  good  wife  died  in  1877,  at 
the  age  of  sixty-six  years.  Of  their  six  children  only  two  are  living,  the 
eldest  son  of  whom,  W.  A.,  is  an  eminent  attorney  and  a  judge  of  the  district 
court  at  South  Framingham,  Massachusetts. 

Edward  P.  Kingsbury,  the  son  of  the  above,  was  born  September  25, 
1855,  >n  Holliston,  Massachusetts.  He  received  his  rudimentary  education 
in  his  native  town  and  later  attended  Harvard  .College,  graduating  in  the  class 
of  1879.  For  several  years  after  graduation  he  engaged  in  teaching,  and 
was  superintendent  of  the  schools  of  his  town.  He  first  arrived  in  Washing- 
ton in  June,  1889,  settling  at  Centralia,  where  he  engaged  in  the  hardware 
and  grocery  business.  Mr.  Kingsbury  has  always  been  prominent  in  politics, 
has  served  in  the  city  council  and  was  elected  mayor.  In  1898  he  was  chosen 
a  member  of  the  state  legislature,  and  in  the  following  year  President  Mc- 
Kinley  appointed  him  United  States  surveyor  general  for  the  state  of  Wash- 
ington, an  office  which  he  at  the  present  time  is  most  creditably  filling. 
Socially  he  is  a  member  of  the  Seattle  Chapter  of  the  Sons  of  the  American 
Revolution.  Wholesouled  and  popular  among  his  townsmen,  he  ljves  a  life 
of  honorable  activity  and  one  of  benefit  to  his  city  and  state. 


There  are  many  worthy  and  honorable  occupations  in  life,  and  one's  suc- 
cess is  not  measured  by  the  pursuit  he  follows.  But  surely  none  should 
receive  more  honor  for  their  life  work  than  the  patient,  enthusiastic  teacher, 
who  has  so  much  to  do  with  the  formative  period  of  youthful  character. 
Among  these  leaders  of  youth  Professor  Henry,  superintendent  of  schools  of 
Thurston  county,  stands  prominent. 


His  ancestors  were  Scotch-Irish.  His  great-grandfather  and  grand- 
father li<  ith  1"  ire  the  name  of  George  Henry.  In  1836  his  grandfather  moved 
from  middle  Tennessee  to  northwest  Arkansas,  settled  on  land  there  and 
was  a  sturdy  pi.  nicer  of  that  state.  He  and  his  wife  lived  to  a  great  age  on 
their  old  home  in  .Madison  county,  and  both  died  in  1894,  aged  respectively 
eighty-five  and  eighty-four  years.'  They  were  Baptists  in  religion,  and  their 
lives  were  long  and  useful. 

Superintendent  Henry's  father  was  Rev.  Jasper  Jay  Henry,  a  minister  of 
the  Cumberland  Presbyterian  church  and  now  a  resident  of  San  Francisco, 
California,  having  spent  a  long  and  useful  life  in  the  ministry.  During  the 
Civil  war  he  was  in  the  First  Arkansas  Cavalry,  under  Colonel  Harrison,  and 
in  the  battle  of  Prairie  Grove,  in  Arkansas,  he  received  a  shot  in  the  leg, 
which  incapacitated  him  for  service  and  made  him  a  cripple  for  life.  After 
receiving  an  honorable  discharge  he  devoted  himself  to  the  study  of  theology 
and  has  since  been  in  the  ministry.  He  chose  for  his  wife  Emily  Adair,  a 
lady  of  Scotch  ancestry,  who  was  born  in  northwest  Arkansas,  in  Kingston, 
which  was  also  his  own  town;  she  was  the  daughter  of  Benjamin   Adair, 

i  ancestors  were  from  North  Carolina  and  Alabama.  Nine  children 
were  bin  to  them,  and  three  sons  reside  in  the  state  of  Washington,  two 
in  Seattle. 

Thomas  Newton  Henry  records  his  birth  as  occurring  in  the  city  of 
Sedalia,  Missouri,  on  the  inth  of  August,  1865.  In  Exeter  Normal  Academy, 
in  the  same  state,  his  special  training  was  received,  and  after  graduating 
there  in  1887  lie  taught  one  year  in  that  vicinity.  The  following  year  he  came 
to  Olympia  and  served  continuously  as  teacher  in  the  schools  until  1894;  in 
this  year  he  was  elected  county  superintendent  of  schools,  and  has  most  ably 
fulfilled  the  duties  of  that  position  until  now,  except  that  for  two  years  he 
was  principal  of  "lie  of  the  public  schools  of  Olympia.  It  is  by  his  efficient 
Systems  introduced  into  the  management  of  the  county  school  system  that 
Superintendent  Henry  is  best  known.  The  schools  have  been  brought  to  a 
very  high  state  of  efficiency,  and  the  interests  of  the  people  in  the  vital  ques- 
tion of  education  has  been  increased.     (  >ne  method  which  has  been  especially 

:ssful  is  the  publication  of  all  the  written  reports  of  the  various  schools, 

copies  of  which  are  distributed  to  all  the  teachers  and  school  officers;  by  this 

the  work  of  all  the  schools  is  brought  into  closer  relationship.     He 

also   publishes   a   twenty- four-page  local   school   paper,   called   the    Thurston 

ity  School  Bulletin;  in  this  are  published  matters  of  educational  interest, 
small  pictures  and  a  brief  history  of  all  pupils  graduating  from  the  grammar 
schools  "i  the  county.  By  means  of  advertising  matter  the  magazine  has 
been  made  elf  supporting,  and  has  proved  to  be  a  valuable  auxiliary  in  ad- 
vancing the  public  schools.  Through  such  methods  and  the  capable  manage- 
ment of  Superintendent  Henry,  the  schools  of  Thurston  county  are  now  well 
known  for  their  high  standard  and  effective  work.  A  thinker  as  well  as  an 
enthusiastic  educator,  Superintendent   Henry  well  deserves  the  success  he  has 

ed  and  may  take  just  pride  in  the  results  of  his  efforts.     Superintendent 

ry,  having  been  for  a  number  of  years  a  member  of  the  legislative  com- 
mittee of  the  State  Teachers'  Association,  and  by  reason  of  his  residence  at 
the  capital,  has  had  much  to  do  with  school  legislation.  He  was  the 'author 
of  the  union  high  school  law  passed  in  [899;  the  law  creating  county  boards 


of  grammar  school  examiners  passed  in  1901,  and  the  compulsory  education 
bill  passed  1903. 

Superintendent  Henry  was  happily  married  in  1896  to  Margaret  E. 
Griffith,  born  in  Lewis  county,  this  state,  and  the  daughter  of  Richard  Grif- 
fith, who  was  a  native  of  Wales  and  came  to  the  Pacific  coast  in  1849  and 
to  Lewis  county  in  1853.  Of  the  three  children  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Henry 
only  one.  survives,  Vivian  Adair  Henry.  They  are  both  members  of  the 
First  Presbyterian  church  of  Olympia.  Mr.  Henry  is  a  member  of  Olympia 
Lodge  No.  t,  of  the  Masonic  fraternity,  the  oldest  Masonic  lodge  in  the  state. 
But  the  entire  interest  of  his  active  life  is  absorbed  in  the  great  cause  of 


William  H.  Mock,  who  is  now  engaged  in  the  undertaking  business  in 
Whatcom,  has  resided  here  only  since  May,  1902,  but  has  made  his  home  in 
Washington  for  more  than  twelve  years.  He  has  been  connected  with  agri- 
cultural and  horticultural  pursuits,  and  has  also  devoted  much  time  to  the 
work  of  the  ministry,  for  through  much  of  his  life  he  has  been  engaged  in 
preaching  the  gospel,  never  neglecting  the  higher,  holier  duties  of  man  toward 
bis  fellow-men  and  his  Creator.  Well  worthy  of  mention  as  a  representative 
citizen  of  Washington,  we  take  pleasure  in  presenting  to  our  readers  this 
record  of  the  life  of  Rev.  William  H.  Mock. 

A  native  of  Columbus,  Ohio,  he  was  born  on  the  13th  of  March,  1848,  a 
son  of  Samuel  and  Mary  Ann  (Keys)  Mock,  both  of  whom  were  natives  of 
Pennsylvania,  and  their  respective  ancestors  had  lived  for  many  years  in  this 
country.  The  maternal  grandfather  of  our  subject  was  a  volunteer  in  the 
war  of  1812,  and  also  rendered  valiant  service  to  the  government  in  the  war 
with  Mexico.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Samuel  Mock  were  born  five  sons :  Wil- 
liam H.,  Michael  F.,  George  W.,  Orlando  and  Lafayette.  The  family  was 
well  represented  in  the  Civil  war,  and  in  fact  loyalty  and  patriotism  have 
ever  been  among  the  characteristics  of  those  who  bear  the  name  of  Mock. 
Four  of  the  brothers  fought  for  the  Union  cause,  and  George  was  killed  in 
the  battle  of  Guntown,  Mississippi,  in  1863,  thus  laying  down  his  life  on  the 
altar  of  his  country.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Ninety-fifth  Ohio  Volunteer 
Infantry;  Michael  was  a  member  of  the  Twenty-sixth  Ohio  Volunteer  In- 
fantry ;  George  also  served  with  the  Ninety-fifth  Infantry  Regiment  from 
Ohio,  and  William  was  with  the  boys  in  blue  first  of  the  Forty-sixth  Regi- 
ment and  afterward  with  the  One  Hundred  and  Thirteenth  Ohio  Infantry. 

William  H.  Mock  attended  the  public  schools  of  Columbus,  Ohio,  until 
thirteen  years  of  age,  and  then  put  aside  his  text-books,  for  the  patriotic 
spirit  of  the  boy  was  aroused  and  he  resolved  to  aid  in  the  defense  of  the 
Union.  Accordingly  he  volunteered,  becoming  a  member  of  the  Forty-sixth 
Ohio  Infantry,  in  1861.  Later  he  again  joined  the  army,  becoming  a  member 
of  the  One  Hundred  and  Thirteenth  Regiment  of  Ohio  troops,  with  which 
he  fought  for  the  nation's  starry  banner,  serving  almost  four  years. 

When  hostilities  had  ceased  Mr.  Mock  returned  home  with  a  most  credit- 
able military  record,  for  though  but  a  boy  his  valor  and  loyalty  were  equal 
to  that  of  many  a  soldier  of  twice  or  thrice  his  years.     He  then  resumed  his 


school  life,  and  in  1867  entered  Carleton  Academy  of  Carleton,  Illinois,  where 
he  remained  until  1868,  after  which  he  returned  to  Columbus.  In  that  city 
he  was  appointed  a  junior  preacher  on  the  Maxville  circuit  and  began  his 
labors  near  Logan,  Ohio.  He  traveled  for  several  years  or  until  the  fall  of 
[872,  delivering  the  gospel  message  and  putting  forth  every  effort  in  his 
power  to  advance  the  cause  of  the  church.     In  1872,  after  casting  his  first 

dential  vote  for  General  Grant,  he  removed  to  Minnesota,  where  he  took 
up  one  hundred  and  sixty  acres  of  land,  a  soldier's  homestead  claim.     He 

continued  his  ministerial  work,  and  was  assigned  to  different  circuits 
there  until  [876.  In  the  previous  year  he  had  been  ordained  in  Red  Wing, 
Minnesota,  as  a  minister  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church.  In  1876  his 
health  failed  and  he  was  compelled  to  rest  from  further  labor  until  the  fall  of 
[877.  At  that  time  he  removed  to  Kansas,  where  he  engaged  in  the  real 
estate  business  and  farming.     He  also  served  as  pastor  of  the  First  Methodist 

copal  church  in  Anthony,  Harper  county,  Kansas,  remaining  there  until 
1891.  In  1888  he  was  a  lay  delegate  from  the  Southwestern  Kansas  Meth- 
odist conference  to  the  general  conference  held  in  New  York  city.  In  the 
same  year  he  was  ordained  as  an  elder  at  the  annual  conference  of  the  Meth- 
odist church,  at   Wichita,  Kansas. 

In  April,  [891,  Rev.  Mock  came  to  Washington  and  settled  on  a  fruit 
farm  near  Seattle,  devoting  his  attention  for  some  time  to  horticultural  pur- 
suits. I  [e  was  also  appointed  to  fill  out  the  unexpired  pastorate  of  the  church 
at  Vashon,  on  Vashon  Island.  In  1896  he  removed  to  Port  Angeles,  where 
■  igaged  in  the  undertaking  business  until  May,  1902,  when  he  came  tc 
Whatcom  and  established  business  in  the  same  line  at  1202-6  Elk  street, 
being  now  the  senior  member  of  the  firm  of  W.  H.  Mock  &  Son.  He  is  the 
only  licensed  enibalnier  in  the  county.  He  carries  a  complete  line  of  under- 
taker's goods,  including  caskets  and  robes,  and  in  connection  with  his  place 
he  ha.>  a  fine  chapel,  elegantly  fitted  up  and  comfortably  arranged  with  a  seat- 
ing capacit)  of  .'bout  one  hundred. 

Since  coming  to  Washington  Mr.  Mock  has  also  taken  an  active  part  in 
political  affairs,  and  was  nominated  on  the  Republican  ticket  for  representa- 
tive to  the  state  legislature.  He  made  a  very  strong  race,  being  defeated  by 
.  votes,  111  a  year  and  in  a  district  which  gave  a  very  large 
Populist  majority.  The  vote  which  he  received  was  certainly  a  testimonial 
to  his  pel  sonal  worth  and  an  evidence  of  the  confidence  reposed  in  him  by  his 
fellow-citizens.  Mr.  Mock  is  a  member  of  several  civic  societies,  belonging: 
to  the  vncient  Order  of  Foresters,  the  Independent  Order  of  Lions,  and  the 
Masonic  fraternity.  I  le  is  also  a  prominent  and  valued  member  of  the  Grand 
\rmv  of  the  Republic,  and  is  now  serving  for  the  third  term  as  department 
chaplain  of  Washington  and  Alaska,  having  filled  the  position  since  1900. 

In  March,  (869,  Mr.  Mock  was  united  in  the  holy  bonds  of  matrimony 
to  Miss  Margaret  R  Smith,  a  native  of  Ohio,  who  died  in  Kansas  in  1880. 
They  were  the  parents  of  five  children:  Lewis  W\.  who  died  at  the  age  of 
twenty-one  year-:  John  M\.  now  thirty  years  of  age;  George  W..  aged  twenty- 
eight;  Mary  J.,  the  wife  of  George  Sykes,  of   Pittsburg,   Pennsylvania;  and 

rles  W..  a  young  man  of  twenty-two.     In  June.   1881,   Mr.  Mock  was 

again  married,  hi       1   union   being  with  Susan  L.   Fawcett,  a  native  of 

Morgan  county,  <  >hio,  and  the)   have  three  children:    Jessie  W.,  who  died  at 


the  age  of  seventeen  years;  and  Harrison  Morton  and  Carrie  H.,  twins,  fifteen 
years  of  age,  and  who  were  named  for  President  Harrison  and  his  wife. 

Mr.  Mock  has  exerted  a  wide  influence  on  puhlic  feeling,  thought  and 
action,  in  the  various  communities  in  which  he  has  made  his  home.  He  has 
labored  earnestly  for  the  cause  he  has  believed  to  be  right  in  political  and 
public  affairs,  and  his  efforts  in  behalf  of  the  church  have  been  far-reaching. 
He  is  inflexible  in  his  adherence  to  his  principles,  and  yet  is  not  aggressive, 
and  accords  to  others  the  right  of  private  opinion  and  belief.  His  genuine 
worth  has  made  him  much  respected,  and  well  does  he  deserve  mention  among 
the  leading  citizens  of  his  adopted  county. 


Tbe  administration  of  justice  from  the  higher  courts  of  the  land  requires 
great  discrimination,  remarkable  talent  and  wisdom,  and  he  sits  high  in  honor 
who  serves  successfully  in  this  capacity.  Upon  such  men  depends  not  only 
the  welfare  of  individuals  but  the  good  of  whole  communities.  It  is  with 
pleasure  that  we  record  the  history  of  one  who  has  been  so  prominent  as  a 
citizen  and  jurist  in  the  state  of  Washington  and  lias  done  so  much  to  advance 
the  welfare  of  his  state. 

Hon.  James  Bradly  Reavis  comes  from  a  long  line  of  Scotch  ancestors 
who  emigrated  from  England  under  the  auspices  of  Ashley  Cooper  and 
settled  in  Virginia  in  the  Roanoke  valley,  later  removing  to  North  Carolina. 
The  great-grandfather  of  our  subject,  Isham  Reavis,  was  a  valiant  soldier  in 
the  Revolutionary  war  and  among  other  engagements  he  participated  in  the 
expedition  to  King  Mountain,  where  the  British  were  so  signally  defeated. 
His  birth  occurred  in  1748,  in  Virginia,  and  later  he  was  a  resident  of  North 
Carolina.  In  1800  he  removed  to  the  growing  country  of  Kentucky,  settling 
in  Warren  county,  and  later,  in  1817,  he  took  up  his  residence  in  Saline  county. 
Missouri,  where  he  was  a  large  landowner  and  planter.  The  family  were  com- 
municants of  the  Baptist  church,  and  he  was  one  of  the  pillars  of  that  denomi- 
nation. His  death  occurred  when  he  was  eighty-five  years  of  age.  His  wife 
was  a  Miss  Jones  and  was  a  lady  of  Welsh  ancestry.  Among  their  sons  was 
Marcus  Reavis,  who  was  born  in  Virginia  in  1772  and  came  west  with  his 
father  to  Warren  count}',  Kentucky,  and  then  to  Missouri.  He  died  in  1835, 
aged  sixty-three  years.  He  was  married  in  North  Carolina  to  Lucy  Bradly, 
who  was  a  descendant  of  a  prominent  South  Carolina  family.  They  were  for 
many  years  valued  members  of  the  Baptist  church.  Their  family  consisted 
of  six  sons  and  four  daughters,  and  of  the  former  was  John  Newton  Reavis, 
our  subject's  father.  His  birth  occurred  in  Warren  county,  Kentucky,  on  the 
21st  of  October,  1817,  but  he  later  removed  with  his  father  to  Missouri.  He 
there  married  Elizabeth  Preston,  a  native  of  Clark  county,  Kentucky,  and  a 
daughter  of  John  Preston,  a  prominent  and  early  settler  of  that  state.  Mr. 
Reavis  has  long  been  a  prominent  stock  farmer  and  is  now  a  resident  of 
Monroe  county,  Missouri,  in  his  eighty-fifth  year.  His  good  wife  died  in 
1889.  aged  seventy-three  years.  They  were  always  devoted  members  of  the 
Christian  church. 

Of  their  six  children.  Judge  Reavis  was  the  third  child  and  the  only 


member  of  the  family  living  in  the  state  of  Washington.  He  was  born  on  the 
27th  of  May.  1848,  111  Boone  county,  Missouri,  and  was  reared  on  his  father's 
farm  until  his  eighteenth  year,  learning  there  many  valuable  lessons  to  help 
him  in  his  after  life.  His  education  was  received  in  the  public  schools  and  in 
a  pri  demy,  and  he  also  spent  three  years  in  the  Kentucky  University 

.at  Lexington.     He  then  read  law  at  Hannibal.  Missouri,  and  was  admitted  to 
bar  in    [874.      lie  practiced  there  until    1 S75  and  then  went  west  to  the 
city  of  (  hici  rnia.     His  law  practice  was  continued  there  until   1880, 

at 'which  time  he  settled  m  Washington  territory,  at  Goldendale,  and  entered 
into  partnership  with  Judge   Dunbar.      They  practiced  together  for  several 
years,  having  an  office  in  Yakima  and  Klickitat  counties  and  they  did  a  large 
and  pn  Stable  general   law  business.      In    1884  Judge   Reavis  was  elected  a 
member  of  the  territorial  council,  his  district  including  the  counties  of  Yakima, 
kitat.   Lincoln,    Douglas,   Spokane  and   Stevens.     He  was  active  in  the 
ige  of  the  law  making  important  changes  in  the  method  of  taxing  (ail- 
-  and  also  introduced  the  bill  providing  for  the  building  of  a  school  for 
defective  youth  of  the  territory  at   Vancouver.     He  was  also  regent  of  the 
university  from  (888  until  the  state  was  admitted  in  1889.     At  the  first 
state  election,  in  [889,  Judge  Reavis  was  a  candidate  of  his  party,  the  Demo- 
cratic.  ior  judge  oi   the  supreme  conn,  being  nominated  by  acclamation,  but 
during  t'  m  he  was  defeated.     In   [896  he  was  elected  to  the  supreme 

bench,  and  because  of  the  seniority  of  Ins  commission  became  chief  justice,  and 
-nice  that  time  has  been  one  of  the  most  able  members  of  the  supreme  bench, 
having  had  the  settlement  of  many  important  cases  of  great  value  to  the  state 
and  it-  pe  'pic. 

Mr.  Reavis  was  married  in   [89]  to  Miss  M.  Freeman,  a  native  of  Nash- 

ille.  Tennessee,  ami  a  daughter  of  Smith  and   Martha   (  Butler)  Freeman,  of 

try   and   earl)    settlers  of   New  Jersey.     The  Butlers  were  of 

rigin  and  went  to  Virginia  at  an  early  day.     Mr.  and  Mrs.  Reavis  are 

the  parent-  of  two  children,  Smith  Freeman  and  Ann  Preston.    Judge  Reavis 

and  prominent   members  of  the  Christian  church,  of  which  he  is  an 

is  a!—  passed   ill  the  chairs  in  both  branches  of  Odd  Fellowship. 

11  and  business  man  he  has  taken  an  active  interest  in  the  prosperity 

hairman  of  the  (  hamber  of  Commerce  in  Yakima,  and 

lity  and  influence  to  advance  ever)   worthy  enterprise. 


the    farm  us   men    who   during   his   life   reflected   honor   upon 

Olympia  '  e,  was  General   Milroy.     He  was  of  Scotch- 

""'"  "'"'  played  .1  prominenl  pari  in  the  history  of  the  old 

well  a-  in  America.     His  great  grandfather  was  Henry  McElroy, 

Vnnandale,  born  in  Scotland  and  a  descendant  of  Sir  Robert  Bruce: 

■hit ion   in    1771.   and.   being  defeated   by  the   Duke 

le  in  the  battle  of  Culloden,  he  was  obliged  to  flee,  taking  his  wife 

with  him  to   Ireland:  where  he  changed  his  name  to  Milrov.   and   as  soon  as 

'•d  get  pat  me  to   \.m  ettling  in  Carlisle,  Pennsylvania 

Samuel  Milroy.  the  grandson  of  the  above,  was  borri  in  Kisha- 




ASTOR.   r>  Ml  IX    * 
TILm  '  .7K  iNS 


coquillas  Valley,  Mifflin  county,  Pennsylvania,  August  14,  1780,  was  one 
of  the  first  to  come  to  the  state  of  Indiana,  where  he  founded  the  town  of 
Delphi  and  engaged  in  wars  with  the  Indians,  and  was  a  man  of  great  in- 
fluence in  that  part  of  the  country.  His  wife  was  a  second  cousin  of  General 
Sam  Houston,  of  Texas  fame. 

Robert  Houston  Milroy,  one  of  their  children,  came  into  the  world 
in  Washington  county,  Indiana,  on  the  nth  of  June,  1816.  His  education 
was  received  in  the  Military  Academy  at  Norwich,  Vermont,  where  he 
graduated  in  1843,  Master  of  Arts,  of  Law.  and  of  Civil  Engineering  and 
Military  Science,  being  valedictorian  of  his  class.  In  1850  he  received  a 
diploma  from  the  law  school  of  Bloomington,  Indiana,  conferring  on  him 
the  degree  of  B.  L.  In  1845  he  had  gone  to  Texas,  taken  the  oath  of  alleg- 
iance and  became  a  citizen  of  that  flourishing  young  republic,  when  he  was 
called  home  by  the  death  of  his  father.  He  remained  to  settle  the  estate, 
and  at  the  earnest  entreaty  of  his  mother  did  not  return  to  Texas.  He  prac- 
ticed law  only  a  short  time  when  he  was  called  to  take  part  in  the  war  with 
Mexico,  in  which  he  rendered  gallant  service  as  captain  of  the  First  Indiana 
Regiment,  After  the  war,  in  1852,  he  was  commissioned  by  the  governor 
of  Indiana  presiding  judge  of  the  eighth  judicial  district.  In  1854  he  re- 
moved to  Rensselaer,  Jasper  county,  Indiana,  where  he  engaged  in  success- 
ful law  practice  until  the  breaking  out  of  the  Civil  war.  He  was  then  com- 
missioned colonel  of  the  Ninth  Indiana  Volunteers  on  April  26,  1861,  serving 
under  General  McClellan  in  western  Virginia,  and  taking  part  in  the  battles 
of  Grafton,  Philippi,  Laurel  Hill  and  Garrick's "  Ford.  His  three  months' 
service  having  then  expired,  he  was  mustered  out  on  July  30,  1861,  but  re- 
entered the  service  on  the  following  September  5,  and  on  the  next  December 
attacked  the  Confederates  in  front  of  Cheat  Mountain  pass.  On  the  6th  of 
February,  1862,  he  was  appointed  brigadier  general  to  rank  from  Septem- 
ber 5,  1861.  He  then  assumed  command  of  the  Mountain  department  and 
put  an  effective  stop  to  the  guerrilla  warfare  in  western  Virginia;  he  issued 
the  order  that  if  the  property  of  a  loyal  citizen  was  destroyed  or  the  citizen 
killed,  an  appraisement  of  the  property  was  to  be  taken  and  a  list  of  those 
killed  to  be  made  by  federal  officers,  and  if  the  amount  was  not  paid  over  to 
the  widow  or  heirs  within  twenty-four  hours,  the  rebel  sympathizers  in  the 
neighborhood  were  to  be  shot,  and  their  property  confiscated.  President 
Jefferson  Davis  applied  through  General  Lee  to  General  Ilallcck  for  a  rescind- 
ing of  this  order,  but  General  Milroy  refused  to  do  so  and  was  upheld  by 
President  Lincoln.  President  Davis  afterwards  made  this  order  the  subject 
of  a  special  message  to  the  legislature  and  that  body  offered  a  reward  of  ten 
thousand  dollars  for  GenerarMilroy,  dead  or  alive.  He  and  General  Butler 
were  the  only  Union  generals  who  were  thus  honored  by  the  southern  con- 

He  was  attacked  by  the  forces  of  General  Jackson  at  McDowell  and  held 
his  ground  until  re-enforced  by  General  Schenk,  who  assumed  command, 
and  "there,  on  May  8,  1862,  the'battle  of  McDowell  was  fought,  after  which 
the  Union  forces  retired  to  Franklin,  and  Jackson  to  Richmond.  General 
Milroy's  brigade  was  then  attached  to  General  Sigel's  corps  of  the  Army  of 
Virginia  and  took  part  in  the  second  battle  of  Bull  Run  on  November  29, 


1862.  I  [e  was  then  made  major  general  of  the  second  division  of  the  Eighth 
Army  Corps,  nine  thousand  strong,  and  with  McReynold's  brigade  occupied 
Win.  I  ine   1  1.    1863.     On  being  asked  if  it  would  not  be  advisable  to 

evacuate  and  join  Kelly  at  Harper's  Ferry,  he  replied  that  he  could  hold 
the  place  against  any  force  then  in  the  valley;  but  he  was  unaware  that  at 
thai  momenl  Lee  was  marching  toward  him  to  carry  the  war  into  the  north. 
of  Ewell,  Early  and  Johnson  attacked  him  on  two  sides  on 
June  15,  and  after  three  days  of  hard  fighting  he  was  compelled  to  destroy 
iiis  artillery  and  baggage  trains  and  retire  to  Harper's  Ferry,  losing  thereby 
a  portion  of  his  forces,  but  having  delayed  the  advance  of  Lee  and  thus  given 
e  an  opportunity  to  collect  his  forces  at  Gettysburg.  He  was,  never- 
theless, placed  under  arrest  for  evacuating  Winchester  without  receiving  or- 
ders from  General  Schenk,  his  superior  in  command,  but  was  afterward  re- 
ted  and  ordered  to  Nashville.  There  he  fought  his  last  battle  of  the 
war  against  Generals  I'orrest  and  Bates  on  the  field  of  Murfreesboro,  and 
defeated  their  combined  forces,  lie  resigned  his  command  July  26,  1865, 
after  having  served  valiantly  in  the  great  struggle  for  the  upholding  of  the 
I  'nion. 

r  the  war  General  Milroy  was  appointed  trustee  of  the  Wabash  and 
Erie  Canal  Company.  Later  he  became  superintendent  of  Indian  affairs  in 
Washington  territory  and  served  in  that  capacity  from  1869  till  1874;  he  was 
Indian  agent  in  Washington  from  1875  to  1885,  when  a  change  in  the  acl- 
ministratii  >n  di  placed  him. 

General  Milroy  was  married  in   1849  t0  Mary  Jane  Armitage,  daughter 

of  Valerius  Armitage  of  Delphi,   Indiana.     There  were  seven  children  born 

to  them,  of  whom  only  three  are  now   living.     General  Milroy  departed  this 

1  I    mpia  on  the  29th  day  of  March,   1890,  aged  seventy-four  years, 

and  in  this  death  not  only  the  family  lost  one  who  was  above  all  dear  to 

them,  but  the  whole  country  had  Inst   a  patriot,  brave  warrior,  and  public- 

spiriti  n.     Ill--  devoted  wife  still  survives  at  the  age  of  seventy-eight, 

and  loved,  the  sweetness  of  her  disposition  increasing  with  the  ad- 

the  years.     She  resides  with  her  son,  Valerius  A. 

Valerius   A.,  the      m  of  General   Milroy.  who  has  kindly  furnished  the 

material  for  the  above  -ketch,  is  now  one  of  the  well  known  and  respected 

men  of  <  Hympia.     I  te  was  horn  in  Rensselaer,  Jasper  county,  Indiana,  August 

17,    1855,  '   Ins  education   in  the  public  schools  of  his  native  county, 

in  Olympia  and  in  a  business  college  in   Portland,  Oregon.     When  he  was 

eighteen   yeai  he  came  to   Washington   territory  and  acted  as  clerk 

in  Ins   lather's  office  while  that   one  had  charge  of  the  Indian  affairs;   for 

iged  in  surveying,  was  employed  at  the  printer's  trade,'  and 

years  was  in  the  livery  business  with  Mr.  O'Connor.     Until  1889 

i  mercantile  pursuits,  at  which  time  he  received  the  appointment 

tmaster  of  Olympia  by   President   Harrison.     In  this  he  showed  great 

1  ability:  under  his  capable  management   the  office  was  raised  from 

the  third  1  id  class;  the  receipts  were  increased  from  four 

sand  dollars  annually   to  twelve  thousand;  and  a   free  delivery  system 

His  term  expired  m    1S04,  and    1901  he  was  elected  city 

clerk  of  1  Hympia.  which  place  he  is  at  present  filling  most  satisfactorily.     His 


politics  are  Republican,   and  he  is  connected  with  all  movements  with  the 
welfare  of  his  city  and  county  in  view. 


There  are  in  common  use  in  the  language  of  this  country  many  terms 
expressive  of  a  combination  of  qualities  which  is  the  characteristic  of  a  certain 
class  of  men,  and  terms  which,  when  applied  to  an  individual,  need  no  other 
commentary,  for  they  are  at  once  indicative  of  his  standing  in  the  business, 
social,  or  whatever  place  he  may  occupy  before  the  world.  The  word 
"  hustler  "  is  one  of  these  expressive  epithets,  and  the  man  so  designated  is 
known  to  be  one  of  those  wide-awake,  energetic  and  persevering  Americans 
who  is  successful  in  his  undertakings  and  never  knows  when  he  is  defeated. 
And  as  a  hustler  may  we  speak  of  William  Wiley  Dickerson,  who  is  one  of 
the  leading  produce  and  grocery  men  of  the  city  of  Centralia,  Washington, 
and  has  been  engaged  in  that  line  of  business  since  1892. 

For  the  immediate  ancestors  of  this  gentleman  we  must  go  to  the  state 
of  North  Carolina,  and  going  still  further  he  is  found  to  be  of  good  old 
English  stock.  Grandfather  Wiley  Dickerson  was  one  of  the  first  settlers  of 
North  Carolina,  was  an  industrious  and  well-to-do  farmer,  and  lived  to  be 
ninetv  vears  of  age.  His  son,  James  Dickerson,  was  born  in  North  Carolina 
in  1820.  and  he  took  for  his  wife  Sarah  Stout,  a  native  of  his  own  state;  his 
wife  died  in  1873  at  the  age  of  fifty-five,  but  he  survived  many  years  and 
died  when  seventy-four  years  old.  in  1894.  They  had  ten  children;  eight  of 
them  are  now  living,  but  William  Wiley  is  the  only  one  in  Washington. 

William  Wiley  Dickerson  was  born  in  North  Carolina,  March  24,  1848, 
and  was  there  reared  to  years  of  maturity.  He  early  took  to  merchandising 
as  a  career,  and  for  a  number  of  years  followed  that  pursuit  in  Texas.  In 
1889  he  decided  to  try  new  scenes,  and,  as  Washington  had  just  been  admitted 
to  the  sisterhood  of  states,  he  came  here,  and  in  1892  located  in  Centralia;  he 
at  once  opened  his  grocery,  and  has  paid  such  close  attention  to  business  and 
has  been  so  honorable  in  his  dealings  with  his  customers  that  his  trade  has  not 
been  confined  to  the  limits  of  the  city  but  extends  in  a  radius  of  nearly  forty 
miles  around  the  city. 

In  1878  Mr.  Dickerson  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Lela  Cordelia 
Fleming,  who  is  a  native  of  his  own  state  and  a  daughter  of  Franklin  Fleming; 
three  daughters  have  been  born  of  this  union,  Nora  Ethel,  Vera  and  Viola, 
twins.  The  family  are  members  of  the  Methodist  church  and  reside  in  a  nice 
home  in  the  north  part  of  Centralia.  Mr.  Dickerson  belongs  to  tin-  Masonic 
order,  the  Knights  of  Pythias  and  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen; 
he  has  the  honor  of  being  the  treasurer  of  the  last  named  order,  and  also  of  his 
blue  lodge. 


The  city  of  Centralia  contains  no  more  enterprising  and  successful  busi 
ness  man  than  Frank  T.  McNitt.     From  a  small  beginning  lie  has  developed 
his  hardware  store  until  he  now  owns  one  of  the  most  complete  stocks  to  he 
found  in  anv  city  of  the  size  in  the  state.     This  gentleman  is  a  descendant  of 


worthy  Scotcli   forefathers;  at  an  early  date  in  the  history  of  this  country 
four  are   said  to   have  come   from   Scotland   to   Pennsylvania  and 

founded  the  family  whose  members  are  now  in  different  parts  of  the  Union. 
Thomas  Brown  McNitt,  the  father,  was  bom  in  Mifflin  county,  Pennsylvania, 
and  when  a  young  man  removed  to  Montgomery  county,  Illinois,  where  he 
was  one  of  the  early  settlers  of  that  agricultural  region;  he  was  one  of  the 
founders  and  was  active  in  promoting  the  interests  of  the  Lutheran  church, 
which  was  founded  in  behalf  of  the  many  German  inhabitants  of  that  locality. 
ife  was  Sarah  Cress,  a  native  of  North  Carolina  and  a  daughter  of 
I    i  Mr.  and  Mrs.  McNitt  were  farmers  and  resided  near  Hillsboro, 

Montgomer)  county,  and  he  held  a  number  of  local  offices  and  was  an  influ- 
ential citizen  and  an  excellent  man  in  every  respect.  He  died  in  1859,  aged 
one  years,  while  his  wife  still  resides  on  the  old  homestead  and  has 
reached  the  advanced  age  of  eighty-three.  They  had  eleven  children,  three 
daughters  and  one  son  surviving. 

I  r;  11k  T.  McNitt  is  the  only  son  and  the  only  member  of  the  family  in 
Washington,  Montgomery  county,  Illinois,  is  the  place  of  his  nativity,  and  he 
wash  0,   1845.     The  farm  of  his  father  and  the  country  schools 

if  his  early  preparation  for  life,  and  he  followed  farming 
until  he  was  twent]  seven,  when  he  engaged  in  dealing  in  live-stock  and 
running  a  livery  stable.  About  this  time  he  suffered  a  bereavement  in  the  loss 
of  his  first  wife  and  he  soon  after  removed  to  Colorado;  he  first  located  in 
Canon  City  and  then  went  to  Rosita,  where  for  five  years  he  met  with  con- 
siderable success  in  conducting  a  grocery  store.  The  next  three  years  were 
ess  in  Silver  Cliff,  but  in  1882  he  sold  out  and  removed  to  Los 
Vngeles,  I  rnia,  where  he  bought  an  orange  farm  and  devoted  five  years 

iltivation  of  that   luscious  fruit,  finding  it  a  profitable  investment. 
\t't'-;  his    farm  he  made  his  first  venture  in  the  hardware  line  and 

it  for  two  years.  The  year  1889  is  the  date  of  his  coming  to  Cen- 
tralia.  He  opened  a  store  in  a  small  building  which  he  had  bought  from 
Woodam  and  Sprague,  and  his  enterprise  proved  so  successful  and  expanded 
-1  rapidly  that  in  [897  he  purchased  his  present  commodious  two-story 
structure,  nin<  I  inety  feet,  in  which  he  occupies  the  middle  store;  he  has 

a  tin  \    t'eet.  an  ell  one  hundred  by  thirty,  and  other  ware- 

provide    C  Iter  for  his  extensive  stock;  these  buildings  are  located 
in  the  heart  of  the  business  district.      He  carries  fourteen  thousand  dollars' 
1;.  including  all  kinds  of  shelf  and  heavy  hardware,   farm  ma- 
chinci  lies  doors  and  all  kinds  of  housebuilding 

.  and  has  a  large  tin  shop  and  does  plumbing,     lie  is  also  an  extensive 
1  fine  home  in  the  residence  part  of  the  city  and 
;   in  1'"'  -'iint'.-.      Mr.   McNitt's  success  may 
bed  t"  his  hard  work  more  than  any  special  genius,  for  in  persistent, 
intelligent    effort    is   found   the   ke\    to   nearly   every   portal   of   wealth   and 

the  we      Mi     McNitt  was  married,  in   1864,  to  Miss 

M;»":  han,  a  .  Nova   Scotia,  and  two  children  were  born    of 

ives,  Mary,  the  wife  of  L.  M.  Anderson,  of  Los  Angeles.  Cali- 

McNitl  died  in   tS;;v      He  married  his  present  wife  at  Colorado 


Springs  in  1875,  his  bride  being  Miss  Lucy  A.  Pastor,  the  daughter  of  Adam 
Pastor,  a  Colorado  pioneer  from  Indiana.  They  have  three  children:  Eva- 
lene,  now  Mrs.  Oscar  Nielson,  of  Walla  Walla;  Pearl,  at  home;  and  Frank, 
Jr..  who  is  helping  his  father  in  the  mercantile  business.  The  family  are 
members  of  the  Presbyterian  church,  and  Mr.  McNitt  is  a  trustee  and  one  of 
its  most  earnest  supporters.  He  is  a  Knight  of  Pythias  of  the  uniform  rank, 
and  has  been  master  of  the  exchequer  for  the  past  twelve  years;  he  is  also  a 
member  of  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen.  He  is  one  of  Centralia's 
best  known  and  most  respected  citizens. 


The  subject  of  this  brief  biography  is  a  native  of  England,  and  his  an- 
cestors were  an  old  established  family.  His  father  was  J.  H.  Lister,  born  and 
reared  in  his  native  land,  and  there  married  Ellen  Hey,  who  became  the 
mother  of  four  children,  all  born  in  England:  Arthur,  Albert  T.,  Alfred  and 
Ernest.  In  188 1  the  father  emigrated  to  Philadelphia,  his  family  following  in 
1884;  he  had  been  long  engaged  in  the  iron  foundry  trade,  and  his  brother, 
David  Lister,  had  preceded  him  to  Tacoma,  Washington,  where  he  had  started 
the  pioneer  foundry  and  iron  works  in  that  city,  and  here  J.  H.  came  with  his 
family  and  has  since  resided.  He  carried  on  a  flourishing  business  for  a 
number  of  years,  but  is  now  retired  from  active  life,  having  attained  the  age 
of  seventy-three  years;  his  wife  passed  away  in  1893,  at  the  age  of  sixty. 
They  were  members  of  the  Methodist  church,  and  people  of  great  worth  and 

Ernest  Lister  was  born  on  the  15th  day  of  June,  1870,  and  was  but  four- 
teen years  of  age  when  he  arrived  in  Tacoma.  There  he  completed  his  educa- 
tion in  the  public  schools  and  in  the  Tacoma  Business  College.  After  com- 
pleting his  education  he  learned  the  iron  moulder's  trade  with  his  father,  and 
later  embarked  in  the  real  estate  and  insurance  business,  in  which  he  had  con- 
siderable success.  He  took  an  active  interest  in  politics  and  in  April.  1894, 
he  was  elected  a  member  of  the  city  council,  in  which  he  served  very  efficiently 
until  1896;  in  that  year  he  was  an  able  worker  in  the  fusion  campaign  for  tin- 
election  of  Governor  Rogers.  The  large  vote  secured  in  the  Tacoma  district 
aided  materially  in  the  election,  giving  Mr.  Rogers  a  large  majority  in  the 
former  Republican  state,  and  the  fusion  party  was  greatly  gratified  by  its 
success.  As  a  reward  for  his  services  Governor  Rogers  appointed  him  a  com- 
missioner of  public  institutes  under  the  first  board  of  auditors.  Soon  after 
the  legislature  passed  a  bill  providing  for  a  state  board  of  control  which 
should  have  charge  of  the  two  hospitals  for  the  insane,  the  state  penitential}. 
reform  school,  the  school  for  defective  youth,  the  state  soldiers'  home:  it  was 
to  have  the  whole  care  of  these  institutions  and  to  purchase  all  supplies.  Mr. 
Lister  was  appointed  chairman  of  this  important  board,  and  upon  the  suc- 
cession of  Lieutenant  Governor  McBride  to  the  governorship  he  was  retained 
in  the  office  in  recognition  of  his  faithful  services,  being  now  the  Democratic 
member  on  the  board.  In  politics  Air.  Lister  has  been  a  Populist,  but  in  the 
fusion  came  over  to  the  Democratic  side. 

Mr.  Lister's  marriage  was  celebrated   on   the  28th  of   February,    1S92, 


Alma  Tlmm:  -liter  of   Samuel   Thornton,  of  Tacoma,  becoming  his 

her  birthplace  was  at   Salem.   Oregon.     They  have  a  little  daughter, 
their  pleasant    home  they  entertain   many    friends,   and   their 
home  life  is  ideal. 


te  o)  Washington  is  now  one  of  the  great  centers  of  the  lumber 
industry,  and  its  immense  timber  areas  are  supplying  many  of  the  less  favored 
prairi  with  the  material  which  is  so  necessary  in  this  twentieth  cen- 

tury civilization.     Among  these  manufacturers  is  the  subject  of  this  article, 
the  leading  shingle-maker  in  Thurston  county  and  a  representative  business 
In    the   early   history   of  the   country   three    Richardson 
brothers  came  from   England,  and,  landing  in   Massachusetts,  one  settled  in 
New  England,  another  went   south  and  the  third  moved  westward;  and  our 
-   of   the    New    England   branch.      David   Richardson,   the 
grandfather  of   11.   <  i.    Richardson,  was  born  in  New  Hampshire  and  was  a 
i  and  influential  farmer  of  that  state. 

i.  Richardson,  the  father  of  II.  G,  was  horn  in  Lisbon,  Grafton 

lunty,   Xew    Hampshire,  on  the  old  homestead  that  for  many  generations 

lown  from  fall ■  Reared  and  educated  in  his  native  town, 

a   millwright,  building  many  of  the  mills   in  his  county,   and  he 

owned  a  farm.     His  wife,  Julia  II.  Whiting,  of  the  same  state,  became 

f  five  children,  three  sons  and  two  daughters,  all  living.     When 

.  third  year  the  father  died  in   1890,  but  his  good  wife  still  re- 

'  seventy-three.     lie  became  a  Republican  when  that  party 

inized  in   [851  a  reputation  as  a  valuable  citizen. 

H.  G.  R  on  of  the  above  and  the  only  representative  of 

ishington,  was  born    Vpril  _•_•,   1854,  in  Lisbon,  New  Hamp- 

111  in  the  public  schools  of  his  town  and  in  the 

me  Institute.     Like  his  father  he  learned  the  trade  of  millwright, 

and  built  and  operated  mills. 

twenty  three  he  hade  adieu  to  his  native  home  and  went 

lenl   five   years  in  Florida,   from  there  going 

1  and  finally  came,  in  [889,  to  this  state,  residing  first  at  Tacoma. 

95  that    Mr.    Richardson   came  to  Olympia  and  opened  up 

His  eaM  side  mill  at   first  had  a  daily  capacity  of  only 

iv.  but   in    [9       he  bought  the  mill  on  the  west  side, 

there  are  daily  produced  two  hundred  and 

red  •  r   A   shingles,    lor  which  there  is  a  large 

niddle  west   as  well  as  in  the  local  market.     In  the 

e  employed,  and  in  cutting  and  bringing  the  material 

Me  owns  a  large  tract  of  timber  land  from 

He  i  president  of  the  Six  Eagle  Mining 

s  marriage  was  celebrated  in   [886,  when  he  be- 

Mary   E.   Knickmeyer,  of   Apalachicola,   Florida,   the 

tin  Robert  Knickmeyer.  a  captain  of  the  Confederate  armv. 


ASTOI-     L«N.>X    AND 



Three  daughters  have  been  born  to  them:     Hortense  A.,  Louisa  and  Leonora. 
Their  home  is  one  of  Olympia's  beautiful  residences. 

In  politics  Mr.  Richardson  is  a  Republican.  He  serves  in  the  city  coun- 
cil, and  is  active  and  ready  to  advance  the  interests  of  Olympia.  He  is  a 
member  in  the  fraternity  of  the  Royal  Arch  Masons,  a  member  of  the  Ancient 
Order  United  Workmen  and  is  identified  with  the  Hoo  Hoos,  an  extensive 
organization  of  lumbermen.  His  wife  belongs  to  the  Episcopal  church,  and 
the  family  is  a  well  known  one  in  the  city. 


George  W.  Bell,  who  is  one  of  the  representative  farmers  of  Thurston 
county  and  one  of  its  county  commissioners,  came  to  the  territory  of  Washing- 
ton in  1878.  He  is  a  native  of  Nova  Scotia,  born  April  7,  1850,  and  is  of 
Scotch  ancestry.  His  parents,  James  and  Alary  (Roddick)  Bell,  were  natives 
of  Dumfrieshire,  Scotland,  and  were  marrie^-jri:  that  country.  Soon  after- 
ward they  bade  adieu  to  home  and  friends  and  sailed  from  the  land  of  the 
heather  to  Nova  Scotia,  where  the  father  followed  his  trade  of  milling,  be- 
coming the  owner  of  a  custom  flour  mill.  Both  Ire  and  his  wife  were  Scotch 
Presbyterian  people  of  the  highest  respectability  and' integrity,  and  upon  the 
minds  of  their  children  they  impressed  lessons  of  industry  and  honesty.  They 
had  ten  children,  seven  of  whom  are  yet  living,  but  George  W.  Bell  is  the 
only  one  who  resides  in  Washington.  The  father  died  in  1892,  at  the  age  of 
seventy-three  years,  and  the  mother  is  living,  in  the  eighty-first  year  of 
her  age.  >i 

Reared  to  manhood  and  educated  in  his  native  town,  George  W.  Bell 
remained  under  the  parental  roof  until  he  had  attained  his  majority,  and  in 
1873  went  to  Boston,  Massachusetts,  where  he  began  life  on  his  own  account, 
following  any  pursuit  that  he  could  get  that  would  yield  him  an  honest  living. 
He  spent  four  years  in  Boston  and  then  went  to  the  Black  Hills  country,  but 
lost  money  in  his  venture  there  and  had  to  drive  a  freight  team  in  order  to 
get  back  again.  He  spent  the  winter  of  1877-8  in  Hutchinson,  Colorado,  and 
then  came  to  Olympia,  where  he  was  employed  in  a  sawmill  for  forty-five 
dollars  per  month.  In  the  fall  of  1879  he  became  engaged  in  the  Indian 
service  under  General  Milroy,  and  thus  his  time  was  passed  until  1882,  and 
then  for  seven  years  was  in  the  Indian  service  with  Agenl  Edwin  Eels,  lie 
removed  to  a  farm  five  miles  northeast  of  Olympia.  At  first  he  purchased  one 
hundred  and  sixty-five  acres  of  land,  and  as  he  prospered  lie  added  to  this 
tract  until  within  the  boundaries  of  his  farm  at  the  present  time  is  a  tract  of 
three  hundred  acres  of  rich,  arable  and  productive  land.  He  has  erected  a 
good  residence  and  other  farm  buildings,  and  is  actively  engaged  in  general 
farming  and  stock-raising,  his  efforts  being  attended  with  good  success. 

In  politics  Air.  Bell  has  been  a  stalwart   Republican   since  becoming  an 
American  citizen,  and  by  his  party  lie  was  nominated  and  elected  to  th 
of  county  commissioner,' which  position  he  is  filling  mosl  aci  eptably,  d 
ing  his  duties  conscientiously,  promptly  and  earnestly,  I  ing  assidu- 

ously to  benefit  the  county  in  its  financial  features  and  every  way  possible. 

In  1881  was  celebrated  the  marriage  of  Air.  Bell  and  Miss  '  ina  F. 



Thompson,  a  native  of   Prince  Edward   Island.     They  had  one  child,  who 
died  in  infancy,  and  .Mrs.  Bell  departed  this  life  in  1895.     Four  years  later, 
was  married  to  Miss  Mary  A.  Thompson,  a  sister  of  his  first 
wife.    Sh(  ■  sbyterian  in  religious  truth,  and  both  have  a  wide  acquaint- 

ance and  are  very  highly  esteemed  citizens  of  Thurston  county. 


Kearney,   the   father  of  the   prosperous   merchant   whose  name 

heads  this  brief  biography,  was  born  in  Ireland  in  the  town  of  Kildare,  Janu- 

$7.     Aiter  being  educated  in  his  native  country,  in  1S66  he  decided 

eek  his  fortunes  in  the  new  world,  and  accordingly  emigrated  and  settled 

in  Auburn,  New    York.      Here  lie  was  married,  and  in   1874  came  west  to 

lington,  bringing  his  family  with  him.     In  the  east  he  had  worked  as  a 

quarryman  and  had  managed  t<>  save  a  considerable  sum  of  money;  and  with 

this  he  bought,  on  his  arrival  in  the  territory  of  Washington,  one  hundred  and 

sixty  acres  of  land  and  built  a  good  home.     He  still  owns  the  farm  but  has 

retired  from  active  work,  and  the  family  live  in  a  pleasant  place  in  Olympia. 

They  are  devoted  members  of  the  Catholic  church  and  are  highly  respected. 

While  in  New  York  Thomas   Kearney  married   Miss  Mary  Byrne,  born  in 

Ireland  in  1845,  ant'  sne  came  to  America  in  the  same  year  that  he  did.     Four 

child'  born  to  them  in  New  York:     Margaret  Ellen,  the  wife  of  James 

T.  Twohej   and  residing  near  Olympia;  William  is  in  Olympia;  Joseph  F. ; 

and   Mary  Ann.  the  wife  of  John  O'Hara,  of   Aberdeen.     Since  coming  to 

three  other  children  have  been  born,  Thomas  John,  in  the  store 

with  Joseph   F. ;   Henr)    lames  and   Elizabeth   Agnes  are  at  home  with  their 


Ilic  birth  of  Joseph   F.  Kearney  occurred  in  the  town  of  Auburn,  New 

York     I1'  [872.      He   enjoyed   a    good    education,    attending   St. 

Mai  ind  taking  the  commercial  course  in  St.  Martin's 

where  he  wa  in   [889.     lie  had  learned  the  valuable  les- 

try  and  honest  toil  on  his  father's  farm,  and  on  the  completion 

and  his  return  to  1  >!■  mpia  he  began  clerking  in  the  store  of 

II. .11.  John  Byrne.     Fortified  with  this  experience,  in  1897  he  opened 

1    in  Olympia,  and  almost  from  the  start 
Rourishii  carefully  increased  by  his  honor- 

led  that  he  has  the  largest  grocery 
He  J  .   and  well  kept  store  and  supplies  to  the 

and  produce,   hay  and  grain;  he  does  a 
'i  men  in  his  employ,  and  his  trade  extends  throughout 
Thui  v  a  part  ,:  county. 

In   1898  M'  -  husband  of  Miss  Emma  McMahan, 

I  tarold  and  !         io     \gnes.     Mr.  Kearney 

belief  and  devotes  his  whole  time  and  attention  to 

lie  has  mad.  1    nspicuous  a   success,  and,  as  be  is 

l,K   ,,r  '  'ng  and  prosp  uture  may  he  expected 




In  the  life  of  every  man  who  has  made  a  success  in  business  or  other 
lines  there  are  usually  some  predominating  characteristics  to  which  we  may 
ascribe  the  larger  share  of  his  material  prosperity,  and  in  the  case  of  the 
subject  of  this  brief  sketch  we  should  say  it  was  due  to  his  persevering  in- 
dustry and  his  absolute  self-reliance,  for  it  is  a  matter  of  pride  with  him  that 
he  has  always  paddled  his  own  canoe.  And  as  a  representative  farmer  and 
early  pioneer  of  Thurston  county,  David  T.  Drewry  here  deserves  prominent 

Silas  O.  and  Elizabeth  Drewry  were  both  natives  of  the  state  of  Ken- 
tucky, and  the  former  was  the  owner  of  a  grist  mill  and  engaged  in  lumbering. 
While  they  were-  residing  in  Livingston  county  of  that  state,  there  was  born 
to  them  on  the  6th  of  November,  1836,  the  subject  of  this  biography.  Five 
years  later  he  lost  his  father,  and  the  following  year  his  mother.  After  this 
sad  event  the  boy  David  lived  with  his  uncle  in  Nodaway,  Missouri,  where  he 
worked  on  the  farm  and  attended  school.  In  1853,  when  seventeen  years  of 
age.  he  crossed  the  plains  in  company  with  Colonel  William  Cock;  they  drove 
six  yoke  of  oxen  all  the  way,  and,  crossing  the  Missouri  river  on  the  10th  of 
May,  they  completed  the  trip  in  one  hundred  days,  which  was  good  traveling 
for  those  primitive  times.  With  them  was  a  man  who  had  made  the  journey 
several  times  before,  and  they  were  thus  able  to  take  advantage  of  all  the 
cut-offs,  being  also  spared  trouble  with  the  Indians  or  the  ravages  of  disease. 

On  arriving  in  the  Willamette  valley  Mr.  Drewry  worked  for  a  short 
time,  and  then  coming  to  Olympia  he  assisted  Colonel  Cock  in  the  building  of 
the  Pacific  House,  remaining  in  his  service  for  two  years.  On  the  outbreak 
of  the  Indian  war  in  1855  he  enlisted  in  the  first  company  formed,  called  the 
Puget  Sound  Rangers,  and  continued  on  active  duty  until  the  insurrection  was 
quelled;  in  the  latter  part  of  the  service  he  was  under  Captain  Shed.  In  this 
war  each  trooper  was  obliged  to  furnish  his  own  horse  and  outfit.  After  the 
war  David  employed  himself  at  different  things  in  Olympia  and  in  the  country. 
In  the  year  1857  he  was  employed  on  the  farm  of  Charles  Weed,  and  there 
had  what  lie  has  always  considered  the  good  fortune  to  fall  in  love  with  his 
employer's  sister.  Miss  Emaline  Weed,  who  was  born  in  Connecticut  in  1841 
and  came  to  Washington  by  way  of  the  Isthmus  in  1855;  in  1858  they  were 
happilv  married.  For  a  time  Mr.  Drewry  conducted  a  hotel  in  Olympia,  and 
then  bought  the  Gabriel  Jones  farm  of  three  hundred  and  twenty  acres.  To 
this  he  has  since  added  eighty  acres,  and  now  owns  one  of  the  finest  farms  in 
Thurston  county,  two  hundred  acres  being  improved,  with  wells,  windmills, 
commodious  barns  and  all  the  latest  farm  machinery.  He  raises  good  horses 
and  cattle,  and  grains  of  all  kinds,  sometimes  his  land  producing  forty-five 
bushels  of  oats  and  thirty-five  of  wheat  to  the  acre.  He  also  carried  on  a 
dairy  with  success  for  a  time,  and  was  interested  in  a  livery  stable  in  Olympia. 
He  now  keeps  twenty  head  of  cattle  on  his  ranch  and  raises  his  own  horses  of 
the  Norman  Percheron  breed.  As  a  careful,  successful  farmer  he  takes  front 
rank  in  his  county. 

By  his  marriage  Mr.  Drewry  had  five  children  ;  Almon  D.  is  married 
and  lives  near  his  father;  Harvey  O.  is  married  and  resides  in  Seattle;  Ed- 


ward  V.  and  his  wife  arc  on  the  farm  with  his  father;  two  of  the  children 
died  in  infancy.  Mrs.  Drewry  is  a  member  of  the  Christian  church  and  is  a 
represent   I  the  ]     neer  women  of  Washington.     Mr.  Drewry  has  been 

rat,  and  has  never  joined  any  society,  as  he  has  been  too 
deep:  in  his  own  affairs,  wherein  lies  the  secret  of  his  prosperity. 


lerick  Harrison  Whitworth,  of  the  firm  of  Cotterill,  White  &  Whit- 
,-il  engineer-.  Seattle,  Washington,  was  born  in  New  Albany,  Indi- 
ana. March  j  nd  comes  of  English  ancestry  on  the  paternal  side  and 
naternal.     George  F.  Whitworth.  his  father,  was  born 
in  B                ngland,  in    [816;  came  to  the  United   States  in  1828,  and  has 
spent  the  greater  part  of  his  life  in  Washington,  as  a  minister  in  the  Presby- 
terian chi                       living  retired,  in  Seattle,     His  wife,  who  before  mar- 
Elizabeth  Thomson,  was  a  native  of  Kentucky.     She  died 
in  [882.      I  h(               n  of  this  worthy  couple  number  five,  three  sons  and  two 
(iters,      i  th<    subjed  of  tins' sketch  and  James  Edward, 
.il  engineers,  the  latter  in  Columbia  City,  Washington;  George  F.  Whit- 
1,  Jr.,  is  a  physician  of  Berkeley,  California;  Clara  is  the  wife  of  William 
judge  in  Los  Angeles  comity,  California;    Etta  B.  is  the  wife 
of  (  Jarence  I-  White,  of 

When  hi  .en  years  of  age.   Frederick  II.   Whitworth  came  with 

'lie  far  west,  their  location  being  in  Washington  territory,  where 

irly  education  in  the  public  schools.     Then  he  took  a  course 

School    in    Oakland,    California,    and   a   collegiate 

1  nia,  where  he  graduated  in  187 1,  receiving 

V  B.     Two  years  later  the  degree  of  A.  M.  was  conferred  upon 

him.     He  spent  on  work  in  Princeton  University. 

Returnii  in   1874,   Mr.  Whitworth  accepted  the  position  of 

1  rritorial  University  of  Washington,  which  he  filled 

1  f  thai  time  he  took  up  civil  engineering,  in  which  he 

d.  in   \\  on  and  Alaska,  at   the  latter  place  in 

\   part  of  the  time  he  was  occupied  in  the  examination 

of  mineral  pn  in   [898  put  in  the  water  works  at  Skagway.     A 

irk   in   Washington  has  keen  in  connection  with  coal 

I  fe  v       1     1   1  cted  largely  with  the  first  opening  up 

ew  Ca  tie,  Renton  and  Talbat  coal  mines,  and 

d  the  Gili        0   tl  mines,  also  the  Leary  mines. 

ted  with  the  South   Prairie  and   Wilkinson  mines  in   Pierce 

1  \amined  nearly  till  the  other  coal  mines 

His  ering  work  was  the  building  of 

n  the  New  Castle  mines  to  Lake  Washington,  across  the 

nion;and  from  Lake  Union  to  Pike  street  in  Seattle   where 

That  was  in   1875-6.     He  was  connected  with  the 

rk,    under    T.    1!.    Marsh,    in     [875.      It    was 

d  that  united  the  people  and  was  really  the  beginning 

>"""<:  ttle  spirit,"  and  it  ultimately    forced  recognition 


on  the  part  of  the  Northern  Pacific  Railroad.  When  that  road  passed  into 
Henr}'  Villard's  hands,  Mr.  Whitworth  was  still  connected  with  it,  and  made 
the  first  preliminary  surveys  on  which  was  constructed  the  line  to  Black  Dia- 
mond and  Franklin.  He  was  the  chief  engineer  of  the  Seattle,  Lake  Shore  & 
Eastern  Railroad  in  its  inception.  This  line  saved  the  city  in  its  second  fight 
against  the  Northern  Pacific,  which  had  gone  into  the  hands  of  Wright,  who 
had  decided  to  eliminate  Seattle  from  the  railroad  maps.  In  1874  Mr.  Whit- 
worth was  one  of  the  organizers  and  was  chief  engineer  and  manager  of  the 
Washington  Improvement  Company,  organized  for  the  purpose  of  cutting  a 
canal  from  Lake  Washington  through  to  tide  water.  The  other  members  of 
the  company  were  D.  T.  Denny,  H.  B.  Bagley,  J.  J.  McGilvra.  B.  F.  Day  and 
E.  M.  Smithers.  This  company  finally  succeeded  in  cutting  a  small  canal 
between  lakes  Washington  and  Union,  and  opening  the  outlet  to  tidewater, 
on  or  near  the  line  of  the  present  proposed  government  canal.  In  1876  he 
was  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Eastwick,  Morrison  &  Company,  engineers, 
which  by  city  authority  was  employed  to  establish  the  first  city  grades  and 
locate  and  monument  most  of  the  street  lines  in  the  central  part  of  Seattle. 
As  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Cotterill,  White  &  Whitworth,  he  is  associated 
with  George  F.  Cotterill  and  his  brother-in-law,  Clarence  White. 

Politically.  Mr.  Whitworth  is  a  Republican.  He  has  always  taken  an 
active  interest  in  politics,  has  frequently  represented  his  constituents  in  county 
and  state  conventions,  and  before  the  admission  of  Washington  to  statehood 
served  on  the  county  central  committee.  He  was  elected  county  surveyor  of 
King  county,  and  served  most  of  the  time  for  ten  years,  from  1876  to  1886, 
and  for  eight  years,  1878  to  1886,  was  city  engineer. 

Mr.  Whitworth  is  a  man  of  family.  April  28,  1881.  he  married  Miss 
Ada  J.  Storey,  a  native  of  Machias,  Maine,  and  a  daughter  of  a  prominent 
lumberman  of  that  state.  They  have  one  son,  Frederick  H..  Jr.,  who  is  as- 
sisting his  father  as  engineer  and  preparing  himself  for  an  electrical  .engineer. 
Mr.  Whitworth  and  his  family  attend  worship  at  the  First  Presbyterian 
church,  of  which  they  are  members. 


John  Simpson,  farmer  and  prosperous  resident  of  Everson,  Washington, 
was  born  at  Perth,  Lanark  county,  Ontario,  Canada,  in  i860,  and  is  a  son  of 
Peter  and  Jessie  (McDonald)  Simpson,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  in  Scot- 
land and  came  to  Canada  when  a  young  man.  1  le  learned  the  trade  of  miller 
when  a  young  man  and  has  followed  that  calling  during  the  greater  portion  of 
his  active  life.  He  is  still  living,  residing  in  Lanark  county,  as  is  the  mother, 
who  was  also  born  in  Scotland. 

At  the  age  of  nineteen  years  John  Simpson  left  home  and  came  west, 
locating  in  British  Columbia,' where  he  lived  from  [879  to  1883,  working  in 
the  logging  camps  and  where  now  stands  the  flourishing  city  of  Vancouver. 
This  city  did  not  spring  into  prominence  until  the  completion  of  the  Canadian 
Pacific  Railroad  to  that  point. 

In  1883  Air.  Simpson  came  to  Washington,  locating  in  Whatcom  rounty, 
in  the  upper  Nooksack  valley,  where  Everson  now  stands,  and  was  one  of  the 


.    Itlen  here.     For  six  years  he  drove  a  freight  team  between  Whatcom 

1  the  I  settlement,  the  railroad  nut  being  completed  here  until  the 

891.     In   (888  he  married  .Mrs.  Annette  Harkness,  who  owned  a 

Nooksack    Crossing,   one-half   mile   down  the 

from  where  Everson  now  stands.     She  is  of  English  extraction,  and  was 

alia.     "1'wo  children  have  been  born  to  this  happy 

111* 'ii .  namely:    J<      •  .  aged  fourteen  years,  and  Bertha,  aged  eight  years. 

meanwhile  Mr.  Simpson  had  bought  land  fur  a  farm  which  was 

g  cif  Ins  present  line  ranch,  adjoining  the  town  of  Everson.     In 

■Id  out  his  mercantile  interests  and  has  thenceforth  devoted  all  his 

i"  building  up  and  developing  his  farm,  which  consists  of  one  hun- 

sixty  acn  ery  rich   land.      I  lay  and  barley  are  the  principal 

s  place  he  has  built  the  finest  residence  in  Everson,  and  he 

illy  takes  a  deep  pride  in  the  fact  that  he  has  made  by  his  own  energy 

■st  excellenl   farm  from  a  trad  of  land  that  until  very  recent  years  was 

all  forest,  and  that  he  cleared  it  all  himself. 

April    [5,    [903,  he  helped  to   institute  a  lodge  of  Odd  Fellows  at 

is  vice  grand,     lie  and  his  wife  belong  to  the  Presby- 

n  church,  audi  are  prominenl  in  the  pleasant  social  life  of  the  flourishing 

Mr.   Simps' in   is  one  of  the  mosl    prominent  and  substantial  citizens 

I  bis  prosperity  is  increasing  with  every  year. 

S  \.\ll  I.I.  It  IURTNER. 

tner,  one   of   the    /erj    prominent   residents  of   Edmonds, 

•  was  in.   I  ebruarj   ..7.    [851,  in  Hancock,  Ohio,  and  is  a  son 

ourtner,  born   in    Pittsburg,    Pennsylvania.      By  occupation  the 

ic,  and  died  111    [888,  having  come  of  an  old  American 

cent.      The  maiden   name  of   the   mother   was  Susana 

1  Hancock  county,  and  her  father  participated 

following   family  was  bor-n  to  the  parents  of  our 

Henr)    J.,   feed  and  grist  mill  owner  "in   Hazleton,  Iowa; 

amier  n  of  Nebraska  ;  1  ieorge,  a  farmer  of  Oklahoma; 

of  Oswego,  Oregon;   Franklin,  a  blacksmith  of  Ne- 

ur  subject;   Mary,  who  married   William   Fisher,  a  farmer  of  Ne- 

niel  Fourtner  was  1  ;  in  the  public  schools  and  normal  of  Inde- 

l"ua.  graduating    from  the  latter  institution  in   1874.      He  then 

■'"'«  ""  business  at   Hazleton,   towa,  and  later  went  to 

Nebra  k   for  six  years.     In  December,  1885    he 

I  "'1  January  5.   [886,  went  to  Edmonds,  Washington 

ul"'"  families  had  1  led  themselves,  the  men  being  engaged  in 

hing   lumber  and  timber   for  a  wharf.     Samuel  embarked 

hundred  and  sixty  acres  one  mile  from  the  present 

ind  has  continued  on  tin-  Farm  ever  since.     This  property 

has  '  fine  farm  and  is  held  at  a  high  figure, 

1,1   March,   to..-.   M,     Fourtner,  with  his  son-in-law,  L.  C.  Fngel    and 
u     "    K"ss-  purchased  a  building  on  water  from  and  established  the  ma- 

1  p 


chinery  for  manufacturing  shingles.  Later  they  intend  to  manufacture  lum- 
ber. The  company  is  incorporated  under  the  name  of  the  Keystone  Mill 
Company,  with  a  capacity  of  one  hundred  thousand  shingles  per  day.  and  of 
it  Mr.  Fourtner  is  president  and  general  manager.  He  is  a  stockholder  of  the 
Edmonds  Co-Operative  Improvement  Company,  which  owns  and  operates 
the  only  public  wharves  in  Edmonds.  In  politics  he  is  a  Liberal.  He  was  a 
school  trustee  and  school  clerk  in  Illinois,  and  a  member  of  the  city  council 
for  the  past  three  years,  but  recently  resigned.  Mr.  Fourtner  was  in  Nebraska 
during  the  grasshopper  plague,  and  was  appointed  by  the  government  to  dis- 
tribute aid,  he  being  general  distributor  for  the  counties  of  Jefferson  in  Ne- 
braska and  Washington  in  Kansas. 

On  April  5,  1874,  he  was  married  in  Makanda,  Jackson  county,  Illinois, 
to  Ellen  Goodman,  who  was  born  there,  a  daughter  of  Calvin  Goodman,  a 
farmer  of  Makanda,  who  was  killed  in  the  battle  of  Belmont.  Missouri,  in  the 
northern  army.  The  Goodman  family  is  an  old  one  in  America  and  comes  of 
English  descent.  The  following  children  have  been  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Fourtner,  namely:  Frederick  Arthur,  assisting  his  father  in  the  mill;  Mary 
Zetta,  who  married  L.  C.  Engel,  of  the  Keystone  Mill  Company.  Samuel 
Fourtner  and  L.  C.  Engel  were  the  original  locators  of  the  now  famous  Ethel 
copper  mines  of  Index,  Washington. 


There  are  few  lives  crowned  with  the  honor  and  respect  accorded  to 
Henry  McBride,  the  present  governor  of  Washington.  Through  the  years 
of  his  residence  in  the  state  his  has  been  an  unblemished  character.  He  has 
displayed  none  of  those  dazzling,  meteoric  qualities  which  command  world- 
wide, but  transient,  attention;  but  has  been  one  of  the  world's  workers,  as- 
sisting materially  in  laying  the  foundation  for  the  stability,  progress  and  sub- 
stantial growth  of  the  commonwealth,  and  thus  his  name  is  enrolled  high  on 
the  scroll  of  honored  and  representative  men  of  his  adopted  state. 

A  native  of  Utah,  Henry  McBride  was  born  in  Farmington,  in  February, 
1856,  and,  on  the  paternal  side,  comes  of  Scotch-Irish  ancestry,  his  grand- 
father having  emigrated  from  the  old  world  to  America  when  a  young  man 
and  established  his  home  in  the  state  of  New  York.  •  George  McBride.  the 
Governor's  father,  was  born  in  western  New  York  and,  after  arriving  at 
years  of  maturity  married  Miss  Ruth  A.  Miller,  a  native  of  the  state  of 
Indiana.  Miss  Miller  was  of  English  ancestry,  the  family  having  been 
founded  in  America  several  years  before.  In  1857  George  McBride  was 
killed  by  the  Indians,  in  Idaho.  His  widow  still  survives,  in  the  seventieth 
year  of  her  age,  and  her  mother  is  still  living,  at  about  the  age  of  one  hundred 
years,  the  family  being  noted  for  longevity. 

Governor  McBride  attained  his  education  in  the  east,  and  in  [880  went 
to  California,  where  he  remained  two  years.  In  1882  he  took  up  his  abode 
in  the  Puget  Sound  country,  and,  after  teaching  school  for  a  time  in  Island 
county,  removed  to  Skagit  county,  where  for  three  terms  he  was  employed  as 
the  teacher  of  the  Laconner  school.  During  that  time  he  read  law,  prepara- 
tory to  taking  up  its  practice  as  a  life  work,  and,  in  the  spring  of  1884,  having 


le  principles  of  jurisprudence,  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar 
in  J.  .  by  Judge  Green,  who  was  then  on  the  bench.     He  entered  at 

upon  the  practice  of  his  chosen  profession,  wherein  he  was  destined  to 
le  and  prominent  position.     The  young  lawyer,  in  his  con- 
s  with  older  and  experienced  men,  whose  reputation  and  patronage  were 
hard  school,  but  it  afforded  excellent  training,  and, 
with  the  best,  his  mind  was  developed,  his  intel- 
lectual p  quickened  and  strengthened,  and  he  acquired  a  readiness 
tion,  a  fertility  of  resource,  and  a  courage  under  stress,  which  have  been 
ential  factors  in  his  successful  career. 
While  still  residing  in  Laconner,  Governor  McBride  was  united  in  mar- 
i  Alice  i  larrett,  a  native  of  Island  county,  Washington,  her  father 
a  prominent  pioneer  of  that  county  and  of  English  ancestry.     Mr.  Mc- 
ntinued  to  practice  in  Laconner  and  became  also  a  recognized  leader 
in  political  circles  there,  being  a  pronounced  Republican.    He  attended  the  con- 
ins  aid  and  inlluence  to  promote  its  success,  and 
his  I               •  re  not  without  results.     In  1888  he  received  the  nomination  of 
was  elected  prosecuting  attorney  of  Skagit  and  Whatcom  coun- 
term  in  thai  office.     Then  Skagit  and  Island  counties  were 
nd  Mr.  McBride  was  appointed  to  that  office,  which 
he  filled  until   [892.     In   181/)  he  was  defeated  at  the  polls,  as  were  all 
ther  candidates  seeking  election  on  the  Republican  ticket,  owing  to  a 
n  of  Democrats  a;  lists.     In  1898  he  was  a  member  of  the  county 
convention  and  was  made  chairman  of  the  Republican  county  central  com- 
mittee,  instituting  a   county  campaign   which  was  so  capably   planned   and 
carried  (ait   that   it  resulted  in  a   splendid   victory   for  the  entire   Republican 
l'i                                    ed  with  the  nomination  for  lieutenant-governor 
a   strong  state  canvass.     He  received  the  public 
•nt  through  Ins  1  Upon  the  death  of  Governor  Rogers,  De- 
liis  office,  he  became  the  chief  executive  of  his 
ernor  McBride  at  once  entered  upon  the  duties  of  the 
•  administration  evinces  that  he  has  superior  executive  ability, 
king  and  careful  ,,  and  his  whole  energies  are  directed 
igh  which  flows  the  greatest  good  to  the  greatest  mim- 
is,  courteous  and  agreeable,  so  that  he  wins  friends  easily, 
m  behalf  of  the              ire  sustained  by  the  best  element  of 
3  of  party  affiliation.     He  is  conservative 
Force  resultant  for  good. 
■Nl'  B                           d  member  of  the  Masonic  fraternity,  also 
!       fellows  and  of  the   Benevolent  and  Pro- 
ln  religious  faith  he  and  his  wife  are  Episcopalians 
of  the  very  high  esteem  in  which  they  are  held 
'I  he   Governor   is   a   conservative   man    and'  must  be 
in.  always  striving  to  build  up  for  the  benefit  of  the 
in  the  commonwealth    believing 
innol  Maud  still:  they  must  g0  forward;  they  cannot 
His  mental  characteristics  are  of  the  solid  and 
'■'■  than  1                       itious  and  brilliant  order    and  he  is  essen- 


tially  strong  in  his  intellect,  and  capable  of  reaching  safe,  prudent  and  reason- 
able conclusions.     Such  a  man  is  well  worthy  to  guide  the  ship  of  state. 


Forbes  P.  Haskell,  Jr.,  assistant  cashier  of  the  Fidelity  Trust  Company 
of  Tacoma,  was  born  at  Oakland,  California,  on  the  nth  of  May,  1873,  and 
is  a  son  of  the  Hon.  Forbes  P.  and  Emma  (Howard)  Haskell.  His  paternal 
grandfather,  Henry  Haskell,  was  a  native  of  Essex  county,  Massachusetts,  in 
which  the  famous  city  of  Gloucester  is  situated,  and  there  also  were  born  the 
great  and  the  great-great-grandfather  of  our  subject,  the  family  history 
being  closely  connected  with  that  locality.  Henry  Haskell  married  Sarah 
Coffin  Phelps,  a  descendant  of  one  of  the  oldest  families  in  Essex  county.  Her 
father,  Dr.  Phelps,  was  a  medical  graduate  of  Harvard  University  and  was 
the  first  physician  and  apothecary  in  Gloucester,  in  the  days  when  the  local 
physician  was  obliged  to  have  an  apothecary  shop  of  his  own.  Three  Phelps 
brothers  came  to  America  from  Great  Britain  in  the  seventeenth  century, 
and  Mrs.  Haskell  was  a  descendant  of  the  one  who  located  in  Massachusetts. 
The  first  minister  to  locate  in  Gloucester  was  Parson  Forbes  Phelps.  Both 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Haskell  have  long  since  passed  away. 

Hon.  Forbes  P.  Haskell  was  born  near  the  historic  old  town  of  Glou- 
cester, Massachusetts,  in  1844.  In  1861,  at  the  age  of  seventeen  years,  he 
enlisted  on  the  United  States  brig  Kingfisher  for  naval  service  in  the  Civil 
war,  serving  throughout  the  entire  struggle  on  that  and  other  vessels,  and 
sailing  from  the  west  coast  of  the  Gulf  to  the  Carolinas.  His  experience  was 
dangerous  and  exciting,  and  he  participated  in  both  battles  of  Fort  Fisher  on 
the  South  Carolina  coast.  He  enlisted  for  service  as  a  boy,  but  was  dis- 
charged as  a  master  mate,  his  military  career  continuing  until  August,  1865. 
After  the  close  of  the  struggle  Mr.  Haskell  journeyed  westward,  being  a 
member  of  one  of  the  surveying  parties  sent  out  by  the  Kansas  Pacific  Rail- 
road Company  to  locate  the  first  railroad  into  Denver.  He  was  next  engaged 
in  the  preliminary  survey  over  the  old  Atchison  trail  through  New  Mexico 
and  Arizona  for  what  has  since  become  the  Atchison,  Topeka  &  Santa  Fe 
Railroad  Company,  that  party  having  been  among  the  first  white  people  to 
traverse  the  region  which  they  explored.  Reaching  Los  Angeles,  California, 
in  the  spring  of  1868,  Mr.  Haskell  went  with  others  of  his  party  from  that 
city  to  Washington,  D.  C,  by  way  of  the  Isthmus  of  Panama,  for  the  pur- 
pose of  procuring  a  subsidy  from  Congress  to  build  a  railroad,  presenting  their 
notes  of  the  survey  for  that  purpose,  but  the  attempt  proved  unsuccessful. 
Failing  in  this  venture,  Mr.  Haskell  again  came  to  the  west  and  was  engaged 
in  railroad-building  in  Missouri  and  Kansas  for  the  succeeding  two  or  three 
years.  Returning  thence  to  the  Golden  state,  he  was  in  the  service  of  the 
Southern  Pacific  Railroad  Company  for  some  time,  but,  wishing  to  take  care; 
of  his  parents  in  their  declining  years,  he  returned  to  the  east,  and  for  a  period 
of  nearly  fifteen  years  resided  in  Gloucester,  Massachusetts.  While  in  that 
city  he  served  as  one  of  the  customs  officers,  and  on  the  Republican  ticket  was 
elected  a  member  of  the  Massachusetts  legislature,  serving  during  the  session 
of  1888-9.     In  tne  spring  of  the  latter  year  he  made  a  visit  to  the  city  of 


Taenia,  and,  being  so  favorably  impressed  with  this  section  of  country,  he 
ded  to  make  it  the  future  place  of  his  abode.  When  the  Fidelity  Trust 
pany  was  organized,  in  June,  1891,  he  was  given  charge  of  the  safety 
deposit  vaults,  which  position  he  has  ever  since  continued  to  fill,  a  faithful 
and  competent  employe,  enjoying  to  the  utmost  the  confidence  and  esteem  of 
tin-  i  the  hank  as  well  as  the  clients  and  public  generally.     He  has 

been  recognized  as  an  efficient  worker  for  Republican  principles,  and  his 
interest  in  the  issues  of  the  day  that  affect  the  national  weal  or  woe  has  never 
ed.  The  marriage  of  Air.  Haskell  was  celebrated  in  Gloucester,  Massa- 
chusetts, in  .March.  1S70,  when  Miss  Emma  Howard  became  his  wife,  and 
they  have  four  children.  Fletcher  O.,  Forbes  Phelps,  Charles  Howard  and 
Ro3  G 

Phelps    Haskell,  Jr..  received  his  education   in  the  old  parental 
home  'i  (  rloucester,  and  when  sixteen  years  of  age  came  to  the  west,  arriving 
three  months  after  his  lather's  advent  into  Tacoma.     During  a  period  of 
years  he  was  employed  in  the  Northern  Pacific   Railroad  Company's 
offices  here,   leaving  their  employ  to  accept  a  position  with  the  same  institu- 
tion with  which  his  father  is  connected,  the  Fidelity  Trust  Company.     Start- 
ing >!  iffice  hoy  and  collector,  he  has  made  remarkable  progress,  passing 
1  ssively  through   the  positions  of   individual  bookkeeper,   general  book- 
er,  paj  ing  teller,  and  at  the  annual  meeting  for  1902  was 
elected  assistant   cashier. 

<>n  tiie  26th  of  August,    1896,  Mr.   Haskell  was  united  in  marriage  to 

Mary   E.   Lovell,  of    Tacoma.  and  a  daughter  of  Major  Don  G.  Lovell, 

a  prominent  old  settler  of  this  city.     (  )ne  child  has  heen  born  to  brighten  and 

s  home.   Donald   1'"..  and  the  family  reside  in  a  pleasant  residence  at 

S'orth  I  1  si  reel,  where  they  dispense  a  gracious  hospitality  to  their  many 

'•'     kell        treasurer  of  the  Tacoma  Baseball  Club.     He  is  a 

u"g  m;m  of  '  nal  attainments,  ami  Washington  numbers  him  among 

her  111  .in  'led   s,  ins. 


Captain  Lafayette  Willey  was  a  well  known  figure  in  the  Sound  country, 
■    oi   his   friends  was  an  extensive  one.      He  attained  to  promi- 
se, and  his  earnest  and  well  directed  labors  were  abundant- 

neriti  ss  that  enabled  him  to  spend  his  last  four 

-  "i  retirement  From  business  an. I  to  leave  his  family  in  very  comfortable 

He  was  actively   identified  with  the  promotion  of  the  inter- 

'v.  where  for  almost  a  third  of  a  century  he  resided 

He   w..-    lamihar  with   the  historj    ..I    the  state  from  pioneer  times  to  the 

nt,  and  took  no  inconsequential  pari  in  the  work  of  pro-ress  and  im- 


tin  Willey  was  born  in  Cherryfield,  Maine,  in  1854,  and  traced  his 

mas  Willi        who  resided   in   New    Hampshire  as  early 

•        K>"  of  that    y.  11     howing  him  to  be  a  taxpayer  there  at 

Samue    D    and   Hannah   (Conley)    Willey,  the  grandparents  of 

the  <  aptain,  were  both  natives  of  the  Pine  Tree  state,  and  Samuel  Willey 

f  h't/^x^ 

uc  "entity! 

,      AsToH    ,  , 


his  father,  was  born  in  Cherryfield,  Maine,  on  the  14th  of  April,  1826.  He 
remained  with  his  parents  until  he  arrived  at  years  of  maturity,  and  was 
reared  upon  a  farm,  while  later  he  engaged  in  lumbering.  On  the  2d  of 
July,  1848,  he  married  Miss  Lydia  Moss,  and  in  1859  he  left  his  family  in 
the  east,  going  to  California  by  way  of  the  Isthmus  route.  He  mined  in  Sis- 
kiyou county  with  fair  success  and  afterward  returned  to  his  family,  remain- 
ing with  them  until  1867,  when  he  again  went  to  California,  where  he  con- 
tinued until  1870.  when  he  removed  to  Mason  county,  Washington.  He 
then  sent  for  his  family  to  join  him,  and  for  some  years  he  was  engaged  in 
logging.  In  1880  he  removed  with  his  family  to  Olympia,  where  he  built  a 
nice  residence,  and  with  his  sons  was  engaged  in  the  steamboat  business  until 
his  death,  which  occurred  in  1897.  He  was  an  honorable,  upright  citizen, 
and  with  his  sons  had  built  up  a  large  business,  being  the  owner,  in  con- 
nection with  his  sons,  of  the  steamers  Multnomah  and  the  City  of  Aberdeen, 
carrying  passengers  and  freight  between  Olympia  and  Seattle. 

Captain  Lafayette  Willey  was  sixteen  ,-years- of  age  when  he  came  with 
his  two  brothers  and  a  sister  to  San  Francisco,  journeying  overland  to  that 
place  and  thence  going  by  steamer  to  PbrtlaYnl,  by  river  boat  to  Olequa  on  the 
Cowlitz,  and  by  stage  to  Olympia.  They  had  not  been  long  in  Olympia  be- 
fore the  brothers  obtained  the  contract  for  carrying  the  mail-  between  Olympia 
and  Oakland,  then  the  county  seat  of  Mason  county,' located  near,  the  present 
city  of  Shelton.  Thus  the  brothers  began  their  seafaring  life,  carrying  the 
mail  twenty-five  miles  in  a  rowboat  and  taking  it  twelve  miles  by  land  along 
a  dreary  country  road.  For  two  years  the  mail  was  carried  in  this  way,  at 
the  end  of  which  time  they  purchased  the  little  steamer  Hornet  and  a  little 
later  bought  the  Susie,  which  was  somewhat  larger  and  which  until  lately 
has  been  plying  on  the  Tacoma  and  North  Bay  River  route.  Afterward  they 
sold  the  Susie  and  purchased  the  Willie,  which  was  still  larger,  being  sixty- 
five  feet  long.  This  they  ran  between  Olympia  and  Shelton.  In  1889  they 
purchased  the  Multnomah  and  put  her  on  the  river  between  Seattle  and 
Olympia.  She  is  a  fast  steamer,  well  fitted  up,  and  does  a  large  business. 
She  is  one  hundred  and  fifty  feet  long,  carries  one  hundred  and  fifty  passen- 
gers and  one  hundred  and  fifty  tons  of  freight.  The  business  continued  to 
increase,  and  the  Willey  brothers  purchased  the  City  of  Aberdeen,  which  they 
put  on  the  same  run  with  the  Multnomah.  She  is  one  hundred  and  thirty-five 
feet  long  and  carries  one  hundred  tons  of  freight.  The  brothers  became  the 
captains  and  managers  of  their  own  ships,  did  a  very  extensive  business 
and  were  popular,  not  only  with  their  many  patrons,  but  also  with  all  who 
knew  them.  The  Multnomah  is  a  very  economical  steamer  for  her  size  and 
very  rapid,  and  when  in  competition  has  been  found  able  to  out-sail  anything 

in  her  class. 

Captain  Lafayette  Willey  took  just  pride  in  owning  and  sailing  this 
vessel.  He  served  as  the  captain,  and  his  brother  George  as  the  purser. 
When  their  father  joined  them  the  company  was  named  in  his  honor  the 
S.  Willey  Navigation  Company.  The  volume  of  business  done  has  become 
extensive,  and  thus  the  brothers  by  their  energy,  perseverance  and  skill  had 
secured  a  large  patronage  and  had  become  men  of  wealth.     Captain  P.  L. 


Willey  now  resides  in  San  Francisco  and  George  B.  in  Seattle.     Their  sister 
is  now  Mrs.  Lecretia  Leighton. 

tain   Lafavettc  Willey  was  happily  married  November   I,    1874,  to 
Miss  Belli  ,  a  native  of' Missouri  and  a  daughter  of  Alexander  Yantis, 

:  in,  plains  with  an  ox  team  in  1854,  when  Mrs.  Willey  was  but 
three  months  old.  They  located  in  Thurston  county,  Washington,  on  a 
donation  claim  of  six  hundred  and  forty  acres,  and  Mr.  Yantis  improved 
his  farm  and  lived  upon  it  throughout  the  remainder  of  his  life.  He  was 
married  in  Missouri  to  Miss  Sarah  Green,  who  departed  this  life  in  1878, 
when  sixtj  six  years  of  age.  while  his  death  occurred  in  1884,  when  he  was 
sevent)  two  wars  of  age.  for  he  was  horn  in  1812.  The  Captain  and  Mrs. 
Willey  her. une  i lie  parents  of  four  children,  three  sons  and  a  daughter: 
Samuel,  Chester,  George  and  Mrs.  Ollie  Shaw,  the  last  named  residing  near 
her  mother,  while  the  three  sons  are  at  home.  By  reason  of  ill  health  Captain 
Willey  had  retired  from  active  business  four  years  before  his  demise.  He 
nol  onl)  a  worthy  and  highly  esteemed  citizen,  but  also  a  loving  and 
devoted  husband  and  father,  and  was  a  valued  member  of  the  Independent 
Order  of  (  )'h\  Fellows  and  the  Improved  Order  of  Foresters.  In  his  political 
views  he  was  a  Democrat.  Coming  to  the  west  when  a  young  man  and  not- 
ing the  business  possibilities  which  arose  in  this  growing  country,  he  took 
advantage  of  these  and  through  the  exercise  of  his  sound  judgment  and  his 
untiring  labor  won  a  place  of  prominence  among  the  successful  and  honored 
men  of  his  adopted  st; 


Commercial  travelers  of  to-day,  who  go  from  place  to  place  in  lordly 
i  great  distances  in  a  few  hours  in  magnificently  appointed  palace 
cars,  will  be  interested  to  learn  how  these  things  were  done  in  the  formative 
1  of  the  great   northwest.     In  the  biography  of  the  gentleman  whose 
name  is  given  above  the)  will  he  introduced  to  an  era,  now  passed  away  for- 
w  hen  the  merchant's  customers  were  lew  and  far  between  and  reached 
onl)   under  the  greatest  difficulties.     At  the  time  Mr.  Sprague  made  his  first 
as  a  distributor  of  goods,  there  were  no  railroads  through  Washington 
and  adjacent   territory,   the  onl)    means  of  communication  being  by  way  of 
Streams  and  rude  nails  made  here  and  there  by  the  red  men  or  their  legiti- 
mate l11  wild  cowboys.     Instead  of  ordering  a  lower  berth 
and  arranging  for  tho  of  pounds  of  extra  baggage,  the  traveling  sales- 
man inquired  at  the  nearest   Indian  shack  for  a  canoe  or  looked  for  a  bronco 
on  which  to  load  his  pack,     lie  was  glad  to  get  across  the  river,  or  over  the 
•n  any  kind  of  extemporized  b  it  his  lone  customer,  wdio,  perhaps, 
twenty   miles   away  and   b)    no   means  crowded    with   neighbors.      Such 
the  rude  beginn              i  crude  methods  which  preceded  the  Northern 
ireat  Northern,  and  the  0        >u  Short  Line  through  the  territory 
hich                               the    vigorous    young   commonwealth    watered   by   the 
nbia  and  its  tributaries,  with  their  busy  commercial  marts  at  Tacoma 
Othei    thru  ing  capitals. 


In  1854  Henry  Sprague  and  his  wife,  who  had  been  Miss  Margaret 
Foster,  determined  to  leave  their  native  state  of  New  York  and  seek  better 
fortunes  in  the  rapidly  developing  state  of  Iowa,  buying  a  large  tract  of  land 
in  Floyd  county,  where  Floyd  Center  now  stands,  and  engaging  quite  exten- 
sively in  farming.  During  the  Civil  war  he  was  in  the  employ  of  the  govern- 
ment, as  a  builder  of  hospitals  for  the  Union  soldiers,  but  this  occupation  of 
course  ceased  with  the  return  of  peace.  Mr.  Sprague  removed  to  the  state  of 
Michigan  in  1867,  but  only  remained  a  year  and  then  returned  to  Iowa,  and 
located  in  Cherokee,  Cherokee  county,  where  he  engaged  in  farming,  but 
worked  mainly  at  his  trade  of  constructing  flouring  mills.  In  1875  he  re- 
moved to  Oregon,  where  he  spent  the  remainder  of  his  days,  and  closed  his 
earthly  career  when  about  fifty-nine  years  old.  Henry  Sprague  was  a  member 
of  the  Baptist  church,  strongly  Republican  in  his  politics,  and  a  man  of 
exemplary  habits,  as  well  as  excellent  business  judgment,  and  these  good  qual- 
ities were  not  lost  on  his  son.  who  became  the  successful  merchant  now  under 
consideration.  His  wife  and  widow  met  her  death  in  a  railroad  acciden* 
which  occurred  August  25,  1902,  and  at  the  time  of  this  untoward  event 
was  in  the  eighty-fourth  year  of  her  age.  Of  their  five  children  three  are 
living,  and  two  are  residents  of  the  state  of  Washington,  James  being  a  citizen 
of  Kelso  and  Frank  S.  of  Centralia. 

Frank  S.  Sprague  was  born  July  15,  1858,  on  his  father's  farm,  during 
the  first  residence  of  his  parents  in  Iowa  in  Floyd  county.  Until  seventeen 
years  old  he  attended  the  public  schools  and  remained  at  home,  deciding  on 
plans  of  future  employment.  He  was  still  a  boy  when  he  made  his  first  busi- 
ness venture  as  an  employe  in  a  hardware  store  at  San  Francisco,  and  re- 
mained there  long  enough  to  master  the  details  as  well  as  some  of  the  large 
features  connected  with  this  branch  of  the  mercantile  business.  From  Cali- 
fornia he  came  up  to  Portland,  Oregon,  and  from  that  as  headquarters  traveled 
for  years  all  over  the  Puget  Sound  country  in  search  of  trade  for  his  house. 
A  pleasant  hour  may  be  spent  any  time  listening  to  Mr.  Sprague' s  recital  of 
his  experiences  in  those  days,  as  a  pioneer  salesman  in  this  sparsely  settled 
section.  No  locomotive  whistle  awakened  the  echoes,  nor  were  there  any 
comfortable  hotels  at  easy  stages  to  welcome  the  weary  traveler.  All  was  raw 
and  wild  and  rude,  and  Mr.  Sprague  was  glad  to  get  from  town  to  town  in 
canoes  rowed  by  the  Indians,  whom  he  utilized  as  guides  in  his  peregrinations. 
His  experiences,  adventures  and  mishaps  would  furnish  material  for  an  inter- 
esting serial  story,  but  they  were  such  as  have  been  rendered  impossible  of 
recurrence  on  account  of  the  subsequent  rapid  development  of  the  northwest. 
All  this,  however,  proved  a  valuable  training  for  the  future  merchant,  and 
when  Mr.  Sprague  engaged  in  the  hardware  business  at  Centralia,  in  1888, 
it  was  not  as  a  novice,  but  as  an  experienced  hand.  What  he  had  learned  con- 
cerning the  inside  of  this  business  as  well  as  the  special  needs  in  this  line  of  the 
population  to  which  he  catered,  enabled  him  to  make  a  success  of  his  first 
mercantile  adventure  on  his  own  account.  He  "  made  money,"  as  they  say 
out  west,  in  hardware,  but  eventually  disposed  of  his  interests  to  Frank  T. 
McNitt  for  the  purpose  of  dealing  in  real  estate  in  Centralia.  He  prospered 
in  this  line  also,  but.  as  often  happens  in  the  speculative  periods  "I"  new  towns, 
he  lost  his  accumulations  in  subsequent  unfortunate  adventures.     Occurrence 


of  this  kind,  however,  are  looked  upon  as  matters  of  course  by  these  resource- 
ful westerner.-,  and  soon  we  find  Mr.  Sprague  challenging  fate  and  fortune  in 
an  entirely  new  role.  In  1894  he  established  at  Centralia  a  dry-goods  store, 
which  he  gave  the  name  of  "  Up-to-date  store,"  and  any  one  who  inspects  its 

e  methods  of  the  proprietor  is  apt  to  admit  that  the 
title  ■  nomer.     The  establishment  consists  of  a  building  thirty  by  ninety 

feet,  two  stories  in  height,  and  both  floors  are  filled  with  well  selected  stock 
of  ladies'  dress  and  fancy  goods,  and  dress  furnishings  of  all  kinds,  both  for 
men  and  women.     Mr.  Sprague  thoroughly  understands  what  is  wanted  or 
ed  by  his  trade,  and  his  long  experience  both  as  a  buyer  and  seller  enables 
him  to  lake  advantage  of  the  market  so  as  to  obtain  the  most  profitable  results. 
much  in  sa\   that  he  is  the  most  enterprising,  as  he  certainly  is 
the  mosl  popular,  of  all  the  dry-goods  merchants  in  or  near  Centralia,  and  his 
energetic  methods  and  business  skill  have  enabled  him  to  score  very  satisfac- 
tory financial  results.     Certainly  the  Up-to-date  Dry-goods  Store,  considering 
that  it  has  been  in  operation  only  eight  years,  has  achieved  a  standing  in  the 
mercial  world  quite  complimentary  to  its  founder  and  conductor. 
Mr.  Sprague,  though  voting  the  Republican  ticket,  has  had  little  time  for 
ral  politics,  and  his  civic  services  have  been  confined  to  brief  membership 
n  the  city  council.     He  holds  fraternal  relations  with  the  Masons  and  Wood- 
f  the  World,  and  on  the  social  side  of  life  is  regarded  as  one  of  the 
pleasanl  companions  to  be  found  in  the  city.     In  1886  Mr.  Sprague  was 
happily  married  to  Miss  Elvena,  daughter  of  John  Dun  fee,  an  eastern  man 
who  gave  hi-  life  to  the   Union  while  serving  as  a  soldier  during  the  Civil 
war.      In    [902   was  planned   and  built    the   dwelling  house   which   they   now 
and  whose  contents  and  general  surroundings  indicate  more  plainly 
words  that  the  inmates  are  people  of  taste  and  refinement.     In  this  com- 
fortable residenci  .  one  of  the  handsomest  in  Centralia,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Sprague 
"at   home"  to  their  friends,  and  here  they  entertain  all  visitors 
with  cordial  but  1  ttious  hospitality. 


>ne  of  the  rep  e  business  men  of  Tacoma  and  one  who  has  been 

inently  identified   with  much  of   its  financial  and  industrial  activity  is 

Manning,  the  subjeel   of  this  brief  review.      In  both  business  "and 

I  circles  Mr.   Manning  occupies  an  enviable  position,  and  certainly  de- 

■  cognition  in  this  volume. 

g  line  of  ancestors  on  bis  paternal  side,  and  the 

iled   in   book    form.      His   great-grandfather  was  a 

n  the  Revolution"  and  participated  in  the  battle  of  Bunker  Hill.     Gur- 

ominent  business  man  of  Tioga  county,  New  York. 

on  merchandising  at  Owego  and  later  at 

successful  career  he  retired  in    [890,  and  came  out  to 

;   in    [893.      His  wife.   Sarah  Adams,  was  a  native  of 

New  York,  and  died  several  years  ago. 

wen    thi    parents  of  Lucius  1L,  who  was  born  at 
unty,    New  York.  July    15.    1856.     The   family  moved  to 


Waverly  when  lie  was  a  young  lad,  and  therefore  he  received  most  of  his 
education  in  that  city.  His  business  training  was  gained  in  his  father's  store. 
Which  he  entered  at  an  early  age.  He  later  began  working  in  a  bank,  and 
so  rapidly  did  he  learn  that  intricate  business  that  he  was  soon  promoted  to 
the  position  of  cashier.  By  18S5  he  had  acquired  much  ability  as  a  business 
man  and  banker,  and  he  came  to  the  northwest  to  begin  banking  in  the  wide 
field  that  was  there  open  to  capital.  In  1885  he  and  Charles  P.  Masterson, 
of  Elmira,  New  York,  organized  the  Pacific  National  Bank  of  Tacoma,  and 
this  is  one  of  the  very  few  banks  established  in  those  days  which  have  sur- 
vived the  stormy  seas  of  financial  panics  and  are  still  riding  on  smooth  and 
"safe  waters.  Mr.  Manning  was  made  the  vice-president  and  held  some  office 
in  the  bank  until  1898.  when  he  resigned  to  devote  all  his  attention  to  his 
private  financial  enterprises,  although  he  still  retains  some  interest  in  that 
institution.  Mr.  Manning  and  his  partner,  Robert  G.  Walker,  have  offices  at 
402-403-404  Equitable  building,  and  do  a  thriving  business  as  real  estate  and 
investment  brokers.  In  1900  Mr.  Manning,  with  Edward  Cookingham  and 
his  associates  in  the  Pacific  National  Bank,  organized  a  company  and  built 
the  Tacoma  Eastern  Railroad,  which  is  now  a  valuable  property.  He  is 
interested  in  other  corporations,  and  is  the  treasurer  of  the  Tacoma  and  Roche 
Harbor  Lime  Company,  the  most  extensive  manufacturers  and  wholesalers  of 
lime  on  the  Pacific  coast. 

Notwithstanding  his  close  attention  to  business,  Mr.  Manning  is  a  lead- 
ing member  of  the  principal  clubs  and  societies  and  of  the  Chamber  of  Com- 
merce, and  is  well  liked  for  his  genial  and  pleasant  manners.  His  marriage 
took  place  at  Columbia.  Missouri,  on  October  10,  1888,  when  he  became  the 
husband  of  Miss  Lucy  Bass.  On  August  18,  1894.  a  son  was  born  to  them, 
who  is  the  bearer  of  his  father's  name,  Lucius. 


In  the  days  of  barter  and  exchange,  when  men  carried  their  produce 
around  until  they  came  to  some  one  who  happened  to  possess  the  article  he 
was  looking  for  and  also  a  desire  for  the  other  man's  goods,  money  was  not 
needed,  and  therefore  the  mediums  through  which  it  passed  and  was  stored 
for  convenience  of  commerce,  the  bank,  did  not  enter  into  the  general  scheme 
of  the  world's  institutions.  But  to-day  banks  and  the  banking  system  are 
the  means  through  which  are  transacted  the  complications  of  the  world's  trade, 
and  it  is  one  of  the  most  stable  as  well  as  the  most  important  of  the  elements 
of  organized  society.  Some  of  these  banking  firms  have  become  known  to 
men  engaged  in  business  the  world  over,  and  have  been  important  factors  in 
financing  many  large  enterprises,  and  it  is  of  the  branch  of  one  of  these  that 
this  article  has  to  speak,  the  London  and  San  Francisco  Bank,  limited,  at 
Tacoma.  Washington. 

This  bank  was  established  at  San  Francisco  the  first  day  of  January. 
1864,  and  the  American  headquarters  of  the  corporation  are  still  in  that  city. 
The  first  president  was  Milton  S.  Latham,  who  is  now  deceased,  and  was  in 
his  day  a  very  prominent  California  financier.  It  was  mainly  through  his 
influence  with  London  capitalists  that  he  was  enabled  to  found  this  banking 


establishment,  with  houses  in  both  cities  and  having  the  best  backing  in  Lon- 
don and  San  Francisco.  The  present  chairman  of  the  board  of  directors  in 
ii  is  I  !<in  Goschen,  brother  of  the  distinguished  English  statesman  of 
that  name,  and  the  chairman  of  the  board  in  San  Francisco  is  N.  D.  Rideout, 
an  eminent  man  of  that  city. 

i  the  growth  and  development  of  the  bank  branches  were  established 
in  different  cities  of  the  west,  [n  1880  one  was  put  in  operation  at  Portland, 
"ne  at  Tacoma  in  [890,  and  another  in  Seattle  in  February,  1901.  The  bank 
at  Tacoma  is  under  the  management  of  S.  M.  Jackson,  whose  connection  with 
the  corporation  .^ocs  back  twenty  years.  This  bank  is  now  located  in  the 
'i  building,  corner  of  Thirteenth  street  and  Pacific  avenne,  and  its  beauti-' 
fnl  quarters  have  heen  elegantly  fitted  up  in  a  modern  style. 

The  bank's  eastern  correspondent  is  J.   P.   Morgan  &  Company.     Al- 
though it  has  unlimited  hacking  the  management  is  very  conservative,  and  the 
field  nf  its  influence  is   constantly  growing.      So  closely  has  this  institution 
identified  with  the  growth  and  business  life  of  the  west  that  it  is  looked 
I  hi  to  affection  by  many  of  the  older  residents,  and  there 
doubt  that  its  future  is  filled  with  promise  of  greater  things  than  was 
■ ' 1st. 


rhe  name  of    I  Ion.    Henry   Drum   is   inseparably  interwoven   with  the 
iv    of    Washington,    and   an   enumeration   of   the   men   who   have   con- 
ferred honor  and  dignity  upon  the  state  would  be  incomplete  without  definite 
reference  to  the  subject   of  this   review.      Now  a  leading  business  man  of 
Olympia,  lie  has  served  as  mayor  of  the  city  of  Tacoma,  and  was  a  mem- 
I    the  state  legislature  during  its  first  two  sessions,  at  which  time  he 
"I1";"'!    Factor  in   framing  the  laws  of  the  state  and  shaping  the 
destiny  oi    this   now    great   commonwealth   of   which   he  is  a   most   worthy 

Mr.   Drum  is  a  native  of  Illinois,  horn  in  Macoupin  county,  November 

21,    [857,  and   is  of   German  and   Scotch-Irish   ancestry.      His  grandfather, 

Silas  Drum,  was  born  in  tin     tate  of  North  Carolina  and  removed  to  Illinois 

ii    earl)   settlement,  locating  upon  a  farm  in  Macoupin 

county.     There  William  Drum,  the  father  of  our  subject,  was  born  December 

i;.   1831,  and  he  spenl  his  entire  life  in  his  native  county,  becoming  one  of 

merchants,     lie  married  Miss  Sarah  McConaughey,  a  lady  of 

try,  who  died  during  the  early  childhood  of'her  son  Henry, 

the   father  contracted   a  second  marriage.      He  was  a  prominent 

member  -1   the   M  Ei  tternity  and   served   as  master  of  his  lodo-e  for 

many  years. 

Drum  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Illinois  and  in  the 

g      Cl 1    in    his    native    state    for    two 

where  he  engaged  in  teaching  for  one  year      In 

'"•  U("'  '"  racoi  hington,  and  became  interested  in  manufactur- 

me  of  the  organizers  of  the   Merchants   National 

City,      lie  served   as   its   vice   president    and   cashier    and   con- 








tinned  his  connection  with  the  institution  until  1893,  having  in  the  mean- 
time also  become  interested  in  many  other  enterprises.  He  had  become 
recognized  as  a  leader  in  the  ranks  of  the  Democracy,  and  upon  its  ticket  was 
elected  mayor  of  the  city.  During  his  administration  he  instituted  many 
improvements,  and  the  city  made  rapid  progress  along  many  lines  of  material 
upbuilding.  For  three  years  he  was  the  president  of  the  school  board  of  the 
city,  during  which  time  a  number  of  Tacoma's  fine  school  buildings  were 
erected,  and  while  serving  as  a  park  commissioner  he  labored  effectively  for 
the  city  in  that  direction. 

In  1889,  the  state  having  been  admitted  to  the  Union,  he  served  as  a 
member  of  the  first  state  senate,  being  the  only  Democrat  in  the  upper  house. 
He  served  on  the  revenue,  taxation  and  educational  committees,  and  was 
prominent  in  securing  the  passage  of  the  special  educational  bill  for  the 
cities  of  Seattle,  Tacoma,  Olympia  and  Spokane,  which  resulted  in  giving 
these  larger  cities  power  to  inaugurate  the  present  school  system,  under 
which  they  are  enjoying  superior  educational  facilities.  His  long  business 
experience  eminently  fitted  him  for  usefulness  in  formulating  the  first  state 
legislation  of  the  newly  organized  state.  During  ithree'  different  compaigns 
he  has  been  chairman  of  the  Democratic  state  central  committee,  and  has 
rendered  his  party  much  valuable  service.  During  President  Cleveland's 
second  administration,  in  recognition  of  his  value  to  the  party,  he  was  offered 
the  position  of  collector  of  customs  but  declined  it ;  after  the  great  financial 
panic  of  1893,  however,  in  which  he  was  forced  to  sustain  very  heavy  losses, 
he  accepted  the  deputy  collectorship  and  acted  in  that  capacity  for  two  years. 
At  the  close  of  this  service  he  received  a  letter  from  the  collector  of  customs 
stating  that  he  was  the  best  posted  collector  in  the  state  of  'Washington. 

In  1898  Mr.  Drum  made  a  business  trip  to  Alaska,  and  upon  his  return 
established  his  office  in  Spokane.  Soon  after  he  was  appointed  a  member 
of  the  state  board  of  control,  and  this  necessitated  his  removal  to  Olympia, 
the  state  capital,  but  upon  the  death  of  Governor  Rogers  the  political  com- 
plexion of  the  board  was  changed  and  he  resigned.  In  1893-4  he  received 
from  Governor  Ferry  the  appointment  of  World's  Fair  Commissioner  and 
discharged  his  duties  as  a  member  of  that  commission  in  a  manner  highly 
conducive  to  the  best  interests  of  the  state.  He  was  appointed  by  Governor 
McGraw  a  member  of  the  board  of  the  state  reform  school,  and  in  that  work- 
took  much  active  interest,  doing  all  in  his  power  to  forward  the  commend- 
able aims  of  the  institution.  In  recent  years  he  has  been  actively  engaged 
in  the  handling  of  real  estate  in  Olympia,  also  is  engaged  in  the  insurance 
business,  and  is  stockholder  in  large  oyster  bed  enterprises,  which  are  yield- 
ing very  satisfactory  returns. 

In  1884  Mr.  Drum  was  married  to  Miss  Jessie  M.  Thompson,  a  native 
of  Burlington,  Wisconsin,  and  they  have  five  children:  William  Howard, 
Laura,  Barbara  B.,  Dorothy  F.  and  Rachael.  The  parents  are  members  of 
the  First  Free  church  of  Tacoma,  and  Mr.  Drum  is  a  York  and  Scottish  Rite 
Mason.  In  the  field  of  political  life  and  business  activity  lie  has  won  dis- 
tinction, and  is  numbered  among  the  leading,  influential  and  honored  citizens 
of  Washington.     In  the  front  rank  of  the  columns  which  have  advanced  the 


civilization  of  the  northwest  he  has  marched;  he  has  been  a  student  of  the 

the  times  and  of  existing  conditions,  and  with  clarity  of  view  he 

has  rward  to  the  future  and  labored  conscientiously  and  effectively 

:  vat  ion  and  promotion  of  the  best  interests  of  Washington.     He 

has  wielded  and  is  wielding  a  wide  influence  in  public  affairs,  and  his  abil- 

both  natural  and  acquired,  make  him  a  leader  of  men  and  molder  of 

public  opinion. 


m  constantly  receiving  new  additions  to  its  population  from  the 
east,-  in  fact  only  a  very  small  portion  of  its  inhabitants  can  claim  nativity 
the  prominent  men  who  have  recently  made  this  the  abiding 
place  of  their  home  and  fortunes  is  the  Hon.  Henry  Peleg  Burdick,  a  lawyer 
oi  much  ability,  who  made  his  reputation  as  a  man  of  business  and  political 
affairs  in  the  state  of  Wisconsin. 

Ills  father,    Peleg,   was  born  in  New  York  state,  removed  to  Pennsyl- 
and  in  [854  came  on  to  Wisconsin.     His  occupation  was  that  of  mill- 
right  and  lumberman,  and  he  died  in  Polk  county,  Wisconsin,  in  January, 
111--  wife.   Lucretia   Stocking,   who  was  also  a  native  of  New  York 
Mate,  was  killed  in  a  terrible  cyclone  which,  devastated  that  part  of  the  state 
September,  1884,  and  tore  their  home  all  to  pieces. 

The  birth  of  Henry  Peleg  Burdick  occurred  in  Warren  county,  Pennsyl- 

'■'■  bi    1849.      \t   the  age  of  five  he  came  with  his  parents  to  Jefferson 

nty.    Wisconsin,  two  years  later  removed  to  St.   Croix  county,   the  same 

here  with  tl  ition  -1  a  brief  period  spent  in  Minnesota  he  lived 

1    [877,   when  all  the   family  went  to    Polk  county.      Henry  attended  the 

publii  of  ill.-  neighborhood,  but  when  he  was  fifteen  years  old  the  war 

ime  too  strong  for  him  to  resist,  and  in  November,  1864,  he  enlisted 

Paul  in  the  first   Minnesota   Heavj    Artillery,  doing  garrison  duty  at 

a  and  receiving  an   honorable  discharge  in   October,    1865.     He 

d  continued  to  assist  his  father  in  his  lumber  and  sawmill 

and.  as  tlu-  latter  had  considerable   legal   business  to  transact,   it 

Burdick  that  if  he  had  the  requisite  knowledge  of  the  pro- 

mighl  be-  -1  material  service  to  his  father,  and  subsequently  find  a 

d  for  himself.     This  was  the  way  he  became  a  lawyer.     He 

!   the  necessary   books,  and  during  all  his  spare  time  was  to  be  found 

11  w»a1  mighl  have  seemed  to  others  very  dry  reading,  which  bore 

in  his  admission  to  the  bar  in  Polk  county,  Wisconsin,  in  Tanuary, 

twent)  iwo  years  he  was  one  of  the  prominent  practi- 

inty,  and  during  that  time  became  known  not  only 

1  the  town  but  in  the  state  as  well.     His  record  of  public  service 

the  time  he  was  allowed  to  practice  law.   for  in  1880  he  entered 

'in  as  a  member  of  the  board  of  county  commissioners  of 

m  1884  to  1887.  four  years,  he  was  district  attorney  for  his 

I  m  1892  was  elected  a  member  of  the  state  assembly,  receiving  a 

I  fere  he  performed  a  leading  part,  being  on 'the  important 

tee  ->nd  chairman  of  the  judiciary  committee.    In  the  last 


session,  during  the  sickness  of  the  speaker,  George  D.  Burrows,  he  was  made 
speaker  pro  tern.  For  seven  or  eight  years  the  citizens  of  Osceola  kept  him 
in  the  office  of  president  of  the  village,  he  was  president  of  the  school  board 
for  ten  years,  and  was  chairman  of  a  board  of  special  commissioners  appointed 
to  supervise  the  construction  of  the  fifty  thousand  dollar  courthouse  for  Polk 

By  his  constant  application  to  business  Mr.  Burdick  had  impaired  his 
health,  and  this  led  him  in  the  spring  of  1902  to  come  with  his  family  to 
Tacoma.  On  May  1  he  opened  his  office  in  the  Fidelity  building  and  has 
since  been  establishing:  himself  in  the  esteem  of  the  business  circles  of  the 


city,  so  that  he  already  enjoys  a  fair  practice;  his  specialty  is  corporation  law. 
He  has  not  given  up  his  interest  in  political  matters,  and  in  the  campaign  of 
1902  made  several  effective  speeches  for  Republican  candidates.  He  is  fra- 
ternally connected  with  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic,  and  with  the  Masons 
and  the  Maccabees.  He  was  married'  on  February  14,  1876,  in  St.  Croix 
county,  Wisconsin,  to  Miss  Angelia  Gould,  a  native  of  Maine,  and  the  four 
children  who  have  been  born  to  them  bear  the  names :  Lucile  M.,  Marchia  L., 
Harold  Peleg;  and  Thelma  Ruth. 



A  glance  at  the  history  of  past  centuries  will  indicate  at  once  what  would 
be  the  condition  of  the  world  if  the  mining  interests  no  longer  had  a  part  in 
the  industrial  and  commercial  life.  Only  a  few  centuries  ago  agriculture  was 
almost  the  only  occupation  of  man.  A  landed  proprietor  surrounded  himself 
with  his  tenants  and  his  serfs,  who  tilled  his  broad  fields,  while  he  reaped  the 
reward  of  their  labors ;  but  when  the  rich  mineral  resources  of  the  world  were 
placed  upon  the  market  industry  found  its  way  into  new  and  broader  fields. 
minerals  were  used  in  the  production  of  hundreds  of  inventions,  and  the 
business  of  nations  was  revolutionized.  When  considering  those  facts  wo 
can  in  a  measure  determine  the  value  to  mankind  of  the  mining  interests. 
One  who  is  connected  with  the  rich  mineral  resources  of  the  northwest  is 
Mr.  Crandall,  now  the  president  of  the  Cascade  Copper  Company  of  Tan  una. 

A  native  of  Binghamton,  Broome  county.  New  York,  he  was  born  in  the 
year  1851,  and  is  a  son  of  Welch  and  Mary  (Smith)  Crandall.  The  father 
was  a  farmer  in  early  life.  He  was  born  in  Connecticut,  but  came  of  an  old 
Rhode  Island  family,  the  Crandall  ancestry  being  traced  back  in  that  state  for 
two  hundred  and  fifty  years.  When  a  young  man  Welch  Crandall  removed 
from  New  England  to  Chenango  county,  Xew  York,  settling  upon  a  farm 
where  he  reared  his  family.  In  185 1,  attracted  by  the  discovery  of  gold  in 
California,  he  made  an  overland  trip  to  that  state  and  was  engaged  in  mining 
there  for  a  while.  He  spent  the  last  days  of  his  life  in  Binghamton,  where  he 
died  several  years  ago.     His  wife  is  also  deceased. 

Sidney  G.  Crandall  obtained  a  good  education,  which  he  completed  in 
the  Binghamton  high  school,  and  at  the  age  of  twenty  years  started  out  in 

life  on  his  own  account,  going  to  Milwaukee.    There  he  found  a  g 1  position 

as  traveling  salesman  for  a  wholesale  house,  his  territory  being  the  Lake 
Superior  country.     Later  he  traveled   from   the  same  city,   representing  the 

>A    59 


Milwaukee   Lithographing  Company.     In    1876,   however,  he  again  started 
westward  and  this  time  located  in  Lincoln,  Nebraska,  where  he  began  busi- 
ness ^n  his  own  account,  lie-coming-  a  prominent  real  estate  and  financial  agent 
there.     It  was  in  that  city  that  he  first  became  interested  in  the  banking  busi- 
nting  in  Lincoln  the  New  York  banking  firm  of  Austin  Corbin 
m.      In    [880  he  removed  to  Grand  Junction,  Colorado,  where  he  also 
engaged  in  hanking  as  the  representative  of  the  Corbin  house,  and  he  erected 
the   first    frame  building  in   ('.rand  Junction.      To   the  development  and    im- 
emenl   of   that    portion  of  the  state  he  contributed   largely  by  his   able 
efforts,  and  was  \er\  prominent  in  public  affairs,  serving  at  one  time  as  treas- 
urer of  Mesa  county.     In  1883  Air.  Crandall  left  Colorado,  and  after  visiting 
Portland  and  other  points  in  Oregon  and  in  Washington  he  located  at  Pome- 
''in,  engaging  in  the  banking  business  as  a  representative  of  the 
firm  of  Austin  Corbin  &  Son.     In  [888  he  removed  to  Tacoma,  where  be  has 
ed,  a  prominent  business  man  of  this  city.     From  that  year  until 
1893  he  was  engaged  in  the  wholesale  grocery  business  as  a  member  of  the 
firm  of  Ree  e,  I  randall  &   Redman,  owners  of  one  of  the  largest  wholesale 
limenl    al  that  time. 
In  (893,  r,  Air.  Crandall  retired  from  mercantile  life  and  became 

in  mining,  with  which  branch  of  industrial  activity  he  is  now  promi- 
nenth  identified,  and  he  has  been  an  active  figure  in  developing  the  great  gold 
I  interests  of  tin-  northwestern  coast,  and  is  the  president  of 
the  <  per  Company,  which  owns  and  is  developing  rich  and  valu- 

able copper  and  gold  mines  in  the  Cascade  mountains.  He  is  also  the  presi- 
ded "I  the  !••  ■  Mining  Company,  owning  a  gold  property,  and  is  finan- 
cially  interested  in  mines  in  Montana  and  other  places.  He  is  considered  an 
authority  on  mining  questions,  and  his  investments  have  been  judiciously 
s  now  reaping  a  good  financial  reward  for  his  labor.  His 
;  in  the  National  Bank  of  Commerce  building,  and  from 
this  |wiint  in-  controls  his  various  properties. 

fn  O  1  indall  was  united  in  marriage  to  Aliss  Mary  Kelsey, 

and  they  now  hav<  I  m  'liter,   Ruth,  who  is  residing  with  them  at  their 

lence  al   8]  1   South   Tenth  street.     This  home  is  the  abode  of 

al   functions  are  greatly  enjoyed  by  the  friends 

family.     Through  almost   fifteen   years  Air. 'Crandall  has  resided  in 

and  is  well  known  as  .,  pi inent  and  successful  business  man.     His 

direct   n      ird  "I"  his  own  labors,  and  results  not  a  little  from 
abilitj   to  quickly  recognize  and  improve  an  opportunity.     He  stands  to- 
man,  strong  in   his  honor  and   his  good   name,   and   in   the 
history  of  the  Pugel  Sound  country  he  well  deserves  mention. 

M  \RSII  \l.l.  KING  SNELL. 

I   King  Snell,  an  attornej    of  Tacoma,   was  born  in  Ottumwa, 

nd  is  a  son  of  Dr.  John   Marshall  King,  having  from  foster  parents.     His  father  was  born  in  Fau- 

1  descendant  on  th<    maternal  side  of  Chief 

■    I   nited  States  supreme  court.    Dr.  King,  having 


located  at  Ottumwa,  Iowa,  at  the  outbreak  of  the  Civil  war,  enlisted  as  a 
surgeon  in  the  Union  army,  and  served  until  injured,  when  he  returned  to  his 
home  on  the  ist  of  November,  1864,  and  died  on  the  3rd  of  the  same  month. 
The  tragic  chapter  which  witnessed  the  complete  orphaning  of  the  subject  of 
this  sketch  was  closed  when,  during  the  same  month,  his  mother,  sister  and 
brother  died  from  an  epidemic  of  smallpox,  leaving  him  the  sole  survivor  of 
the  family. 

He  was  taken  to  the  Iowa  Soldiers'  Orphans'  Home,  then  located  at 
Farmington,  from  which  he  was  taken  and  adopted  when  seven  years  of  age 
by  William  J.  Snell  and  wife,  of  Primrose,  Iowa.  Soon  afterwards  he  removed 
with  his  foster  parents  to  Wisconsin,  locating  on  a  farm  near  Trempealeau, 
where  his  boyhood  days  were  spent  in  farm  work  and  in  attendance  at  the 
district  school  in  winter.  At  the  age  of  fourteen  his  ambition  reached  beyond 
the  narrow  environment  of  his  adopted  home,  and  he  left  the  farm  to  make 
his  own  way  in  the  world.  At  eighteen  he  taught  school,  and  devoted  his 
evenings  to  the  study  of  law.  Finally,  with  money  accumulated  by  work 
on  farm,  winter  teaming  and  teaching,  he  was  enabled  to  enter  the  Madison 
State  University,  Wisconsin,  and  graduated  from  the  law  department.  He 
first  located  at  Seymour,  Wisconsin,  and  practiced  law  there  until  March,  1888, 
when  he  removed  to  Tacoma,  Washington,  where  he  has  ever  since  continued 
in  the  active  practice  of  his  profession,  his  distinguishing  qualities  being 
energy,  aggressiveness  and  precision,  which  have  given  him  success  as  a  trial 
lawyer.  Though  of  late  years  making  somewhat  of  a  specialty  of  corporation 
law,  he  has  had  unusual  success  in  the  defense  of  criminal  cases.  He  has  a 
large  law  library,  and  has  for  thirteen  years  occupied  the  same  fine  suite  of 
law  offices  in  the  Equitable  building.  He  is  well  known  as  a  sportsman ;  and 
is  a  member  of  the  Tacoma  Chamber  of  Commerce,  one  of  the  hoard  of 
curators  of  the  Washington  State  Historical  Society,  and  is  associated  with 
many  public  enterprises  and  undertakings. 

Coming  to  Washington  ere  the  days  of  statehood,  and  casting  in  his 
fortunes  with  the  city  of  Tacoma,  Mr.  Snell  has  prospered  financially,  and  is 
the  owner  of  considerable  real  estate,  and  has  his  home  fronting  the  beautiful 
Wright  park.  His  wife  was  formerly  Bertha  M.  Denton,  a  cousin  of  the 
gallant  Colonel  Elmer  Ellsworth  of  the  Zouaves,  and  she  is  associated  with 
him  in  the  practice  of  law,  being  the  first  woman  to  actively  engage  in  the 
practice  of  that  profession  in  the  state.  Marshall  K.  Snell  has  one  son,  William 
Arthur  Snell,  by  a  former  marriage. 


Frank  S.  Blattner  is  actively  connected  with  a  profession  which  has  im- 
portant bearing  upon  the  progress  and  stable  prosperity  of  any  section  or  com- 
munity, and  one  which  has  long  been  considered  as  conserving  the  public 
welfare  by  furthering  the  ends  of  justice  and  maintaining  individual  rights. 
His  reputation  as  a  lawyer  has  been  won  through  earnest,  hones!  labor,  and 
bis  standing  at  the  bar  is  a  merited  tribute  to  his  ability.  He  now  has  a  very 
large  practice,  and  his  careful  preparation  of  cases  is  supplemented  by  a  power 


of  argumenl  and  forceful  presentation  of  his  points  in  the  courtroom,  so  that 
lie  never  fail  t  impress  court  or  jury  and  seldom  fails  to  gain  the  verdict 

Mr.  Blattner  is  a  native  of  Auburn,  De  Kalb  county,  Indiana,  born  in 
[867,  a  son  of  E.  R.  and  Margaret  (Rhodenbaugh)  Blattner.  The  father  was 
born  in  Philadelphia,  and  about  i860  removed  to  Indiana,  living  at  Auburn 
until  [892,  when  he  came  to  Tacoma,  where  he  now  makes  his  home.  During 
reater  part  of  his  business  career  he  was  a  commercial  traveler.  His 
wife  is  a  native  of  Stark  county,  Ohio. 

Having  acquired  a  good  education  in  the  public  school,  Frank  S.  Blattner 
studied  shorthand  and  became  an  expert  stenographer,  and  from  the  time  he 
M  until  he  attained  his  majority  he  was  official  court  stenographer 
for  the  thirty-fifth  judicial  circuit  of  Indiana,  embracing  the  northeastern  part 
of  the  state.     1  Ih  attention  being  thus  called  to  the  law,  he  resolved  to  become 
a  member  of  the  bar,  and  having  studied   for  some  time,  he  was  admitted  to 
ar  at  Auburn,  tndiana,  in  1888,  after  which  he  became  a  partner  of  the 
Hon,   \\  .   L.   Penfield,  who  is  now  solicitor  for  the  department  of  state  and 
has  represented  the  United  States  in  some  important  international  disputes 
the  Hague  conference,  and  is  a  distinguished  lawyer. 
After  practicing  law  at  Auburn   for  two  years  Mr.   Blattner  came  to 
ma,  and   for  the  first  two  months  after  his  arrival  was  employed  as  a 
i.i|i1ht  in  a  law  office,  and  then,  resuming  practice,  became  associated, 
at  different  times,  with  partners  of  well  known  ability  and  reputation,  includ- 
ing \V.  II.  Doolittle,  B.  S.  Grosscup,  D.  K.  Stevens  and  others.     For  the  past 
few  years  he  has  practiced  alone,  and  the  litigation  with  which  he  has  been 
ted  has  been  of  an  important  character,  involving  large  interests  and 
calling  for  marked  ability  and  broad  legal  learning. 

At  Auburn,  in  [889,  Mr.  Blattner  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Dora 

I  le  1-  11  ■  ly  known  in  this  city,  for  his  social  qualities  have  made 

skill  and  legal  ability  have  gained  him  prominence  in 

bis  profession.     He  1-  a  student,  earnest  and  discriminating,  and  this  stands 

if  the  strong  elements  in  his  advancement  at  the  bar. 


Whatev<  aj   be  said  of  the  legal   fraternity,  it  cannot  be  denied 

that  members  of  the  bai  have  been  more  prominent  actors  in  public  affairs 

thi    community.     This  is  but  the  natural  result  of 

manifest  and  require  no  explanation.     The  ability  and  train- 

>  which  qualify  one  to  practice  law.  also  qualify  him  in  many  respects  for 

duties  which  lie  outside  the  strict  path  of  Ins  profession  and  which  touch  the 

""en   ■  iety.     I  folding  marked  precedence  among  the  members 

oi  the  bai  of  Tacoma  is  the  Hon.  George  C.  Britton,  who  for  several  years 

ictised  here  with  constantl)   growing  success  and  has  also  been  promi- 

in  public  affairs. 

Mr.   Britton  was  born  near  Tipton  in  Cedar  county,  Iowa,  and  is  the  son 
of  Thomas  II.  and   Frances   (1     1    ford)    Britton,    both  of  whom  are  now 


deceased.  At  an  early  day  his  father  removed  from  Virginia  to  Iowa,  and  his 
mother  removed  there  from  the  state  of  Indiana  when  a  child  with  her  father. 
Upon  their  marriage  they  commenced  life  upon  a  farm  in  the  state  of  Iowa, 
where  upon  the  old  homestead  George  C.  Britton  was  reared.  His  literary 
education  was  completed  in  the  Northern  Indiana  Normal  Collage  at  Val- 
paraiso, Indiana,  where  he  was  a  student  in  the  scholastic  year  of  1877-8. 
Subsequently  he  took  up  the  study  of  law  in  the  law  department  of  the  State 
University  at  Iowa  City,  where  he  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1881.  He 
early  displayed  the  elemental  strength  of  his  character  in  the  methods  by  which 
he  acquired  his  education.  In  order  to  secure  advanced  mental  training  he 
engaged  in  teaching  school,  thus  winning  the  funds  which  enabled  him  to 
continue  his  own  studies.  He  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  Iowa  City,  Iowa, 
the  21st  day  of  June,  1881,  and  practiced  in  Tipton,  Iowa,  for  a  year,  after 
which  he  removed  to  Northville,  Spink  county,  South  Dakota,  where  he  suc- 
cessfully practiced  law  for  a  number  of  years.  He  was  also  prominent  in 
public  affairs  there,  and  served  as  a  member  of  the  constitutional  convention 
which  framed  the  organic  law  for  the  new  state  upon  the  division  of  the  ter- 
ritory into  North  and  South  Dakota.  In  February,  1889,  Mr.  Britton  located 
in  Tacoma,  where  he  has  since  engaged  in  practice. 

His  legislative  career  is  equally  noticeable  with  his  service  as  a  repre- 
sentative of  the  legal  profession.  In  1900  he  was  elected  a  member  of  the 
seventh  general  assembly  of  Washington,  representing  Pierce  county.  The 
most  important  work  which  he  undertook  in  that  session  was  the  preparation 
and  introduction  of  house  bill  No.  28,  "An  act  to  establish  a  code  of  probate 
law  and  procedure."  This  bill  passed  the  house  without  a  dissenting  vote,  but 
on  account  of  the  large  amount  of  business  before  the  senate  that  body  was 
not  able  to  act  upon  the  measure  before  the  adjournment  of  the  legislature, 
although  it  was  a  measure  that  met  with  general  indorsement. 

In  April,  1901,  he  was  elected  a  member  of  the  city  council  of  Tacoma 
from  the  fifth  ward  and  takes  a  very  active  part  in  the  work  of  that  bod}-. 
This  election  came  to  him  entirely  unsought.  He  is  now  serving  as  chairman 
of  the  judiciary  committee  and  is  a  member  of  the  committee  on  finance,  of 
the  light  and  water  committee  and  the  salaries  committee,  and  is  exercising 
his  official  prerogatives  in  support  of  every  movement  calculated  to  advance 
reform  and  improvement  in  the  city. 

While  residing  in  Dakota  Mr.  Britton  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
Clara  A.  Wheeler,  who  was  to  him  a  loved  companion  and  helpmate  on  life's 
journey  until  1894,  when  she  was  called  to  her  final  rest,  leaving  two  daugh- 
ters. Jasmine  and  Helen.  The  family  home  is  at  4608  South  J  street,  and  Mr. 
Britton  maintains  his  law  office  at  408-9  Berlin  building.  His  law  practice 
is  of  a  general  nature,  although  he  makes  somewhat  of  a  specialty  of  probate 
matters.  Admitted  to  the  bar,  he  at  once  entered  upon  the  practice  and  from 
the  beginning  has  been  unusually  prosperous  in  every  respect.  The  success 
which  he  has  attained  has  been  due  to  his  own  efforts  and  merits.  The  pos- 
session of  advantages  is  no  guarantee  nor  can  it  be  secured  without  integrity, 
ability  and  industry.  These  qualities  he  possesses  to  an  eminent  degree  and 
is  faithful  to  every  interest  committed  to  his  charge.  Throughout  his  whole 
life,  whatsoever  his  hand  finds  to  do,  whether  in  his  profession  or  in  his  official 


duties,  or  in  any  other  sphere,  he  does  with  all  his  might  and  with  a  deep 
se  of  conscientious  obligation. 


Edward  Meath  is  one  of  the  numerous  young  men  of  Tacoma  who  have 

taken  the  management  of  affairs  largely  into  their  hands,  and  to  the  restless 

spirit  and  energy  of  these  is  due  much  of  the  phenomenal  development  of  this 

busy  western  city,     fur  some  years  he  has  been  identified  with  a  large  firm  of 

ently  has  entered  the  field  of  public  service,  where  he 

shows  marked  ability.     His  father  was  Richard  G.  Meath,  who  was  born 

in  the  provino  !      rio,  Canada,  but  when  a  young  man  came  to  the  United 

ik  up  his  residence  at  Eau  Claire,  Wisconsin.     He  became  one  of 

mi  rch  ml-,  of  that  place,  and  was  also  engaged  in  the  operation 

lumber  mill,     [lis  experience  in  the  latter  capacity  induced  him  in  1876 

["acoma  and  take  charge  of  the  old  Tacoma  mill;  he  made  this 

ey  by  rail  to  San   Francisco  and  from  there  to  Portland  by  the  water 

route,     lie  was  thus  one  of  the  early  settlers  of  the  place,  and  has  been  here 

ever  since,     lie  was  al  our  tune  a  town  trustee  and  later  a  city  councilman. 

lie  is  not  now  actively  engaged  in  business,  and  has  his  home  at  the  little 

eight  miles  south  of  Tacoma  called  Larchmont.     His  wife  was  Margaret 

Miller,  a  native  of  Canada,  and  she  died  in  Tacoma. 

Edward  .Meath  was  bom  to  these  parents  at  Eau  Claire,  Wisconsin,  in 

1871.     As  he  came  to  Tacoma  with  the  remainder  of  the  family  in  1877,  his 

boyhood  was  passed  in  the  eager  scenes  of  a  booming  town  of  the  coast,  and 

he  retains  a  clear  memory  of  the  development  of  the  city  from  its  incipient 

up  to  its  pi         I   1   ismopolitan  aspect.     However,  as  the  town-fathers 

provided  well  i<  r  education,  young  Meath  did  not  lack  for  a  good  mental 

train  ter  li  chool  he  accepted  a  position  with  the  Fidelity  Security 

t  Company,  which  had  just  been  organized,  and  his  interest  has  been 

ied  in  this  compa  nice,  with  the  exception  that  for  the  two  years, 

1895  ''''■  wnen  tne  h;inl  times  still  grappled  the  throat  of  business,  he  held 

in  the  county  treasurer's  office.     Starting  in  as  a 
inn  he  made  himself  so  useful  that  he  now  occupies  the  place  of 
'       I01      experience  and  ability  have  made  him  an 
expert  in  the  abstract  busir 

In    loo'    Mr.    Meath   received   the    Republican   nomination   for  the  office 

"I"   l'i  and  was  elected  by  a  large  majority,  and  this 

his  ability  as  a  man  who  was  only  thirty  years  old. 

,n  f'  |  the  Red  Men  and  is  president  of  the 

icoma.      In    [896  he  was  married   in  Tacoma   to  Miss 

lith  Moorman,  and  their  1  ince  been  mad.    happy  by  the  advent  of 

children,  j  rman  and  Dorothy  Gertrude. 


John  ('    Rathbun  was  born  in  New   Haven.  Connecticut,  December  19, 
When  at  the  aj  his  parents  removed  to  Buffalo  county^ 





Wisconsin,  where  he  grew  to  manhood  on  a  farm.  In  the  fall  of  1872  he 
entered  the  State  University  of  Wisconsin  and  graduated  in  the  scientific 
department  in  June,  1877.  In  November  of  the  same  year  he  was  elected 
county  school  superintendent  of  Buffalo  county,  and  was  re-elected  in  1879. 
In  1882  he  purchased  the  Buffalo  County  Herald  at  Mondovi,  Wisconsin, 
which  he  published  until  1885,  when  he  removed  to  Midland,  Texas,  where 
he  published  the  Staked  Plain  and  practiced  law  until  1889.  In  that  year  he 
removed  to  Olympia,  Washington,  and  engaged  in  newspaper  work.  He  was 
justice  of  the  peace  and  judge  of  the  police  court  of  Olympia  from  1891  to 
1895.  He  was  member  of  the  board  of  school  directors  of  Olympia  for  six 
years,  and  president  of  the  board  in  1893  and  again  in  1897.  During  these 
years  he  published  newspapers  and  practiced  law,  and  also  wrote  a  history 
of  Thurston  county,  Washington.  In  the  latter  year  he  became  connected 
with  the  Seattle  Times  as  editorial  writer.     In  1902  he  engaged  in  mining. 

In  June)  1878,  he  was  married  to  Miss  Elizabeth  Goldenberger,  of  Mad- 
ison, Wisconsin.  His  family  consists  of  three  sons,  Chauncey  B.,  John 
Charles  and  Vilas  B. 


William  H.  Waples,  owner  of  the  Lynden  Department  Store  of  Lynden, 
Washington,  was  born  at  Milford,  Delaware,  in  1X75.  His  parents  are  Magnus 
and  Anna  E.  (Robinson)  Waples,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  in  Dela- 
ware, but  in  1880  removed  with  his  family  to  Chicago  and  made  that  city  his 
home  until  1888.  In  1889  he  located  in  Washington,  settling  at  Montesano 
in  Chehalis  count}',  and  lived  there  until  1896,  when  he  removed  to  What- 
com, where  he  still  resides.  The  Waples  have  a  long  and  somewhat  noted 
ancestry  on  the  paternal  side.  It  was  founded  in  this  country  by  Peter 
Waples,  an  Englishman,  in  1698,  he  having  obtained  a  grant  to  some  land 
from  the  King,  on  the  Indian  river  in  Delaware.  The  great-great-grand- 
father, Joseph  Waples,  was  a  soldier  in  the  Revolutionary  war,  and  other 
members  were  equally  prominent. 

William  II.  Waples  was  educated  in  the  schools  of  Chicago  and  later 
attended  school  in  Washington.  From  his  first  business  venture,  he  has 
been  in  a  mercantile  line.  After  clerking  for  a  few  years,  he  decided  to  go 
into  business  for  himself,  and  in  1897,  with  less  than  one  hundred  dollars, 
he  came  to  Lynden  and  established  a  store.  His  success  shows  what  enter- 
prise and  ability  were  possessed  by  this  young  man.  The  business  house 
known  as  the  Lynden  Department  Store  is  one  of  the  show  places  of  the 
town.  Everything  is  sold  here  used  in  a  home,  farm  or  ranch,  including  dry- 
goods,  clothing,  shoes,  furnishings,  hardware,  groceries,  farm  and  mill  ma- 
chinery, vehicles,  etc.,  and  employment  is  constantly  furnished  twelve  people. 
In  addition  to  this  enterprise  Mr.  Waples  owns  the  Lynden  livery  stables,  and 
is  now  building  near  town  a  shingle  mill  with  a  capacity  of  from  seventy-five 
to  one  hundred  and  fifty  thousand  shingles  a  day.  He  also  owns  a  large  tract 
of  timber  land,  and  is  certainly  one  of  the  most  prosperous  men  of  the  locality. 

In  1900  Mr.  Waples  was  married  at  Whatcom  to  Miss  Arvilla  Cissna, 


He  is  a  Mason  and  a  member  of  the  Commercial  Club.  In  his  social  and 
fraternal  relations  be  is  as  energetic  and  popular  as  be  is  in  business  life,  and 
considering  bis  success  that  is  saying  a  good  deal. 


Few  are  the  residents  of  Whatcom  who  can  claim  as  long  connection  with 

the  city  as  can   Herman  Hofercamp,  for  since  1867  he  has  resided  here  and 

been  identified  with  pioneer  development  as  well  as  later-day  progress  and 

advancement.      He  is  now  conducting  the  store  of  the  Bellingham  Bay  & 

British  Columbia  Railroad  Company,  a  position  which  he  has  occupied  for 

time,     lie  is  among  the  worthy  citizens  that  the  fatherland  has  furnished 

to  tin-  northwest,  bis  birth  having  occurred  in  Germany,  on  the  28th  of  Decem- 

[835.     I  lis  parents.  George  and  Wilhelmina  Hofercamp,  were  also  born 

in  that  country,  and  in  the  year  1870  they  came  to  the  United  States,  settling 

in   St.    Louis,   Missouri,   where  both  died.     Their  daughter,   Anna,   died  in 

Germany,  and  their  son  had  preceded  them  to  the  new  world. 

1  [erman  I  [ofercamp  was  educated  in  the  schools  of  Hanover,  continuing 

tudies  until   sixteen  years  of  age,  when  he  began  clerking  in  a  grocery 

I  [earing  much  of  the  opportunities  afforded  to  young  men  in  the  new 

world,  be  decided  to  try  bis  fortune  in  this  country,  and  in  185 1  bade  adieu 

ti    home,  friends  and  fatherland.     He  crossed  the  Atlantic  in  a  sailing  vessel 

which  dropped  anchor  in  the  harbor  of  New  Orleans,  and  thence  be  proceeded 

northward,  going  first  to  St.   bonis  and  afterward  to  Cincinnati.  Ohio.     In 

[856  be  went  to  California,  making  the  journey  by  way  of  the  Isthmus  of 

Panama  to  San  Francisco,  where  he  was  employed  as  a  salesman  in  a  general 

For  ten  yeai        I  >ii  the  expiration  of  that  decade  he  came  direct  to  What- 

c where  he  arrived  in  [867.    The  place  at  that  time,  however,  was  called 

Sehome.  Mr.  I  [ofercamp  accepted  the  position  of  storekeeper  with  the  Belling- 
ham Bay  Coal  Company,  with  which  he  remained  until  1875,  when  he  left 
that  companj  and  took  up  a  homestead,  on  which  be  lived  for  seven  years, 
cultivating  the  land  and  improving  the  property. 

In  [88]  he  returned  to  Whatcom  and  again  become  storekeeper  for  the 
same  company.  I  le  was  also  postmaster  of  Sehome.  In  1887  aIter  closing  out 
the  stock  for  that  company  he  was  appointed  postmaster  and  gave  his  entire 
ittention  to  the  administration  oi  the  duties  of  the  office  until  1891,  when  he 
1 'tin  ncd  to  the  company,  which  in  the  meantime  had  been  merged  into  the 
Bellingham  Bay  &  British  Columbia  Railroad  Company.  He  has  continuously 
served  as  storekeeper  from  [89]  to  the  present.  He  has  bad  long  experience 
in  this  position,  and  his  services  give  entire  satisfaction  to  those  whom  he 

1  '"  the  10th  of  Apnl.  [860,  Mr.  Hofercamp  was  united  in  marriage  t. 
Miss  Jane  Cecelia  Francis,  a  native  of  Springfield,  Illinois,  who  died  in  1900, 
leaving  three  sons  and  two  daughters:  Francis,  Cecelia,  Hulda,  Edward  and 
Charli         l  he  eli  1  ecelia,  is  the  wife  of  Wadell  Connell  and  is 

living  in  Whatcom  Mr,  I  [ofercamp  votes  with  the  Republican  party,  to  which 
he  has  given  his  support  since  becoming  an  American  citizen. 




John  J.  Larson,  a  prominent  and  successful  business  citizen  of  What- 
com, owning  and  operating  the  finest  livery  line  in  this  city,  was  born  in 
Yoss,  Norway,  January  27,  1864.  He  is  a  son  of  Lars  and  lngeborg  (Ma- 
ringa)  Larson,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  in  1817  and  is  a  resident  of 
Graue,  Norway,  where  he  was  engaged  in  farming  and  logging.  The  mother 
is  also  a  native  and  resident  of  Norway.  Our  subject  has  three  brothers  and 
two  half-brothers,  two  half-sisters  and  two  sisters :  Anders,  aged  fifty-four 
years;  Lars,  aged  fifty-two  years;  Neils,  aged  forty-three  years;  William  B., 
of  Whatcom ;  Mrs.  Anna  Heigeson,  of  Britt,  Iowa ;  Bertha,  of  Wisconsin ; 
Mrs.  Sarah  Larkin,  of  Chicago ;  and  Mrs.  Belle  Olson,  of  Seattle. 

John  J.  Larson  attended  school  in  his  native  country  until  the  age  of  six- 
teen years  and  then  worked  on  a  farm  for  two  years.  He  then  took  advantage 
of  an  opportunity  to  come  to  the  United  States,  and  landed  in  the  city  of 
New  York,  October  10,  188 1.  As  he  was  a  farmer  by  occupation,  he  started 
for  the  farm  lands  of  the  west,  reaching  Woodstock,  Illinois,  and  in  that 
locality  he  remained  for  five  years.  He  then  went  to  Minneapolis  and  worked 
there  for  three  years  in  a  mill,  and  it  was  in  1888  that  he  came  to  Whatcom, 
looking  about  for  a  suitable  place  for  permanent  settlement.  He  was  soon 
employed  by  the  Bellingham  Bay  Railroad  Company,  and  continued  with  that 
company  for  eight  years  in  the  capacity  of  coachman  and  stableman,  thus 
gaining  a  practical  knowledge  of  a  business  in  which  he  has  been  very  success- 
ful. Mr.  Larson  took  care  of  his  money  and  later  invested  it  in  a  small  livery 
business  at  1375  Elk  street,  and  continued  at  that  location  until  he  moved  into 
stables  which  he  had  erected  on  the  corner  of  Elk  and  Magnolia  streets.  The 
building  is  a  convenient  and  commodious  one,  a  three-story  brick  structure. 
with  the  first  floor  taken  up  with  offices,  harness  room,  rigs ;  the  second  floor 
with  stabling,  with  a  capacity  of  eighty-six  head  of  horses.  The  size  of  this 
modern  and  well  appointed  building  is  fifty-five  by  one  hundred  and  twenty- 
five  feet,  and  cost  Mr.  Larson  eighteen  thousand  dollars.  He  has  now  a  fine 
equipment,  including  sixty-six  head  of  stock,  and  all  kinds  of  carriages  and 
hacks,  and  he  also  conducts  a  general  transfer  and  hauling  business.  This  he 
has  acquired  since  August,  1896,  when  he  owned  but  two  head  of  horses  and 
two  single  buggies. 

On  October  1,  1892,  Mr.  Larson  married  Sophie  Peterson,  who  was  horn 
in  Sweden,  and  two  children  have  been  born  to  them  :  Ruth,  aged  seven  years ; 
and  Elvin,  aged  three  years.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Larson  belong  to  the  Lutheran 
church.  In  politics  he  is  a  Republican.  He  is  an  active  member  of  these 
secret  organizations :  the  Odd  Fellows,  the  Maccabees,  the  Woodmen  of 
America,  the  Eagles,  the  Elks,  Rebekah  lodge  of  the  order  of  Odd  Fellows 
and  Knights  of  Pythias. 

Mr.  Larson  is  one  of  the  city's  most  progressive  business  men.  He 
has  built  up  his  own  business  by  energy  and  industry,  and  is  interested  in  all 
the  movements  looking  to  making  Whatcom  one  of  the  great  commercial 
centers  of  the  western  coast. 



Abraham  L.  Wallers,  superintendent  of  streets,  sewers  and  parks,  Seattle, 
Washington,  was  born  October  3,  1861,  in  Muskingum  county,  near  Zanes- 
ville,  Ohio.  The  Wallers  family  were  Pennsylvania  Dutch.  They  made 
settlement  in  this  country  previous  to  the  Revolutionary  period,  and  were 
represented  in  that  war  and  also  in  the  war  of  1812.  William  Walters,  the 
father  of  Abraham  L.,  was  born  in  Muskingum  county,  Ohio,  and  was  a 
farmer  in  thai  county  for  a  number  of  years.     He  died  in  1881.     During  the 

war  he  enlisted  for  service  in  the  Union  army,  but  was  refused  admittance 
to  the  ranks  on  account  of  age.  His  wife,  whose  maiden  name  was  Mary  J. 
Oatley,  was  a  native  of  the  same  county  in  which  lie  was  born.  Her  father 
was  born  in  this  country,  of  Welsh  descent,  and  he  was  at  one  time  sheriff  of 
Muskingum  county.  William  Walters  and  his  wife  had  two  sons  and  six 
daughters,  the  daughters  being:  Miss  Manuella  C.  Walters,  a  teacher  in  the 
publii  of  Denver,  Colorado;  Mary  Ida,  wife  of  Milton  Sperry,  pn> 

;  languages,  New  Salem,  Ohio;  Anna  Belle,  wife  of  Gustave  Steinke, 
a  wheat  grower  of  Walla  Walla.  Washington;  and  Laura  Brown,  Elizabeth, 
and  .Martha  Olive,  deceased.     One  son,  James  G,  died  February  10,  1887. 

Abraham  L.   Walters  was  educated  in  the  common  and  high  schools  of 

erset,  Ohio,  finishing  his  studies  there  in  1878,  and  that  year  going  to 

where  he  engaged  in  mining  on  Frying  Pan  river,  and  at  Canyon 

City  and  Colorado  Springs.     He  remained  in  Colorado  until  August,   1888, 

he  came  to  Seattle  and  clerked  for  James  Park,  the  contractor  for  the 

Central  and   South  schools.     After  two  years  spent  with  Mr.   Park,   he  was 

ed  in  the  n  al  e  tate  business  two  years.    In  1895  he  went  to  work  under 

Mayor    Byron   Phelps,  as   foreman  of  the  street  department,  and  continued 

thus  occupied  until   December   10,   1902,  when  he  was  appointed  street  com- 

ssioner  by  Mayor  T.  J.  Humes,  which  makes  him  a  member  of  the  board 

ublic  works. 

Mr.  Walters  was  married  February  6.  1896,  to  Clara  A.  Smith,  a  native 
of  Minnesota,  and  a  daughter  of  !'..  F.  Smith,  a  carpenter  of  Seattle,  Washi- 
ngton. £  her  ancestors  also  fought  in  the  Revolutionary  war  and 
the  war  <>f  [812,  and  her  maternal  grandfather,  Rev.  E.  R.  Pinney,  was  prom- 
inently associated  with  Horace  Greeley,  Henry  Ward  Beecher  and  others  in 
the  a  ment.  She  is  of  French  and  English  descent.  Mr.  and 
Mis.  Walters  ha  •  m,  Frank  Oatley  Walters,  who  was  born  October 
Fraternally,  Mr.  Walters  is  a  member  of  the  Independent  Order  of 


Fhe  Coffman,  D  ib  on  and  Company  Bank  at  Chehalis,  Washington,  of 

which  Mr.  pre  ident  and  manager,  is  one  of  the  leading  finan- 

Stitutions  of  Lewis  county  and  was  first  organized  on  August  it.  1884. 

'     bank  under  the  name  of  Coffman  and  Allen,  Charles  H. 

Allen  being  the  other  partner;  at  the  hitter's  death  Mr.  Coffman  conducted 

lli  ne  for  a  time,  and  in   [889  it  was  organized  as  the  First  Na- 

"•ll  Bank>  •Nlr-  l  offman,  John  Dobson,  Francis  Donahoe,  W.  M.  Uquhart 


and  D.  C.  Millett  being  the  principal  holders  of  the  fifty  thousand  dollars' 
stock.  In  1896  the  national  bank  charter  was  dropped,  and  since  then  it 
has  been  conducted  as  a  private  bank  under  the  same  stockholders,  who  are 
men  of  unquestioned  financial  reliability.  The  bank  does  a  general  bank- 
ing business  and  is  the  oldest  and  largest  bank  in  southwestern  Washington, 
this  success  being  due  in  a  large  measure  to  Mr.  Coffman's  liberal  methods 
and  able  financiering;  the  institution  has  been  of  much  service  to  the  business 
of  Lewis  county  and  is  a  credit  to  its  worthy  and  respected  stockholders. 

Noah  B.  Coffman  is  of  good  German  ancestry,  who  took  up  their  abode 
in  Lancaster  county,  Pennsylvania,  at  a  very  early  day  in  the  history  of  the 
country.  His  father,  Noah  B.  Coffman,  was  a  native  of  Virginia  and  mar- 
ried Miss  Margaret  Wimp,  who  was  born  in  Lancaster  county,  Pennsylvania. 
In  1858  they  removed  to  Champaign  county,  Illinois,  and  there  was  spent  the 
major  portion  of  their  lives;  late  in  life  he  retired  from  active  business  and 
came  to  Washington  to  spend  hib  declining  years  with  his  children,  where 
he  passed  away,  honored  and  revered,  at  the  age  of  eighty-three,  in  1899.  He 
was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Republican  party,  and  was  numbered  among 
the  liberty-loving  citizens  who  have  done  so  much  to  make  the  prosperity  of 
the  country.  His  good  wife  still  survives  him  and  resides  in  Chehalis.  Their 
four  living  sons  are  all  in  business  in  this  city.  Their  eldest  son,  William 
Henry  Harrison,  offered  his  services  in  the  defense  of  the  Union  and  lost  his 
life  in  the  Missouri  campaign;  he  was  a  member  of  the  Tenth  Illinois  Cavalry. 

The  birth  of  Noah  B.  Coffman  occurred  at  Crawfordsville.  Indiana,  on 
the  2d  day  of  April,  1857.  He  graduated  from  the  University  of  Illinois  in 
the  class  of  1878,  and  on  reaching  man's  estate  came  west  to  cast  in  his 
lot  with  the  growing  state  of  Washington,  where  he  has  since  made  excellent 
use  of  the  opportunities  offered  him.  In  1883,  m  the  month  of  October,  he 
married  Miss  Adaline  Tighe,  who  was  born  in  Cuba  but  was  reared  and 
educated  in  Boston.  They  have  become  the  parents  of  two  daughters  and 
a  son :  Florence  Adaline,  Ethelin  M.  and  Daniel  Tighe ;  the  daughters  are 
graduates  of  the  high  school  and  are  now  in  college.  The  family  are  mem- 
bers of  the  Episcopal  Church,  of  which  Mr.  Coffman  is  the  clerk  of  the  vestry; 
for  some  years  he  has  been  treasurer  of  the  Episcopal  jurisdiction  of  western 
Washington  and  was  thrice  elected  a  delegate  to  the  church  conventions  of  the 
United  States.  He  also  holds  membership  in  the  Masonic  fraternity.  Mr. 
Coffman  takes  an  active  part  in  the  affairs  of  the  Republican  party  ami  served 
as  a  delegate  to  the  national  convention  which  nominated  Mr.  McKinley  for 
the  presidency,  also  being  a  member  of  the  committee  appointed  to  notify  Mr. 
McKinley  of  his  election. 


The  native  sons  of  Lewis  county  who  are  approaching  the  period  of 
middle  age  are  not  very  numerous,  for  the  county  is  still  young,  and  the 
greater  part  of  its  population  is  made  up  of  men  who  have  come  from  the 
east,  seeking  a  share  in  the  boundless  opportunities  here  afforded  to  the  enter- 
prising and  energetic.     But  we  have  an  exception  in  the  case  of  John   West, 


s  grown  up  in   Lewis  county  and  lias  become  one  of  the  successful 
business  men  of  the  city  of  Chehalis. 

His    lather  was  William   West  and  was  a  native  born  Englishman,  his 

in   [837.     After  he  had  reached  manhood  he  came  to  the 

United  Si   ti    .     nd  in    [854  settled  in  Illinois.     He  was  married  there,  and 

afterward  he  and  his  wife  and  their  first  born  set  out  for  the  west  with 

ule  team.     They  took  up  their  residence  in  Lewis  county,  and  he  has  been 

inenl   farmer  all  his  life.     He  is  a  member  of  the  Episcopal  church, 

and  as  the  candidate  of  the  Democratic  party  has  been  elected  and  has  served 

two  terms  as  treasurer  of  the  county,  and  also  as  auditor.     His  first  wife  was 

Miss  Hannah  Dobson,  a  native  of  the  state  of  Illinois.     The  girl,  Dora,  who 

with   them  across  the  plains,   is   now   deceased,   and  the  five  children 

born  i"  them  while  in  Washington  are  as  follows:     Robert,  who  died  in  his 

twenty  first  year;  John  was  next  in  order  of  birth;  Henry  is  a  resident  of 

(  'hchalis  and  the  owner  of  the  electric  light  plant ;  Thomas  died  in  his  sixteenth 

year;  and  William  resides  in  Chehalis.    The  mother  of  these  children  died  in 

1875,  and  Mr.  West  chose  for  his  second  wife  Hattie  Scammond,  a  native  of 

Maine,  and  the  one  daughter  born  to  her  has  been  named  Hattie. 

John   Wesl   was  born  on  his  father's  farm  in  this  county,  on  June  24, 

The  educational   facilities  of  the  country  at  that  time  were  nothing 

remarkable,   and    consequently   John   got   more  training    from   the   school    of 

rience  than   from  the  house  of  learning,  which  he  attended  at  irregular 

intervals.     I  Hit  in  spite  of  these  hindrances  he  has  become  a  well  informed 

man  and  has  made  a  creditable  record  in  business  circles.     The  beeinnings  of 

his  mercantile  career  were  rather  humble,    for  his  first   venture  on  his  own 

account  was  a  small  candy  store.     But  he  was  progressive,  his  enterprise  flour- 

ished,  and  in  [894  he  opened  his  large  flour,  feed,  produce  and  grocery  estab- 

■  nt.     lie  has  a  double  store,  one  twenty-four  by  one  hundred  feet  and  the 

other  twenty-four  by  fifty,  and  he  has  an  extensive  trade  and  enjoys  the  con- 

;  the  peopk 

Mr.  West  is  a  Democrat  and  at  the  present  time  is  serving  his  third  term 

11  the  city  council.     He  was  married  on  September  17.  1893,  to  Miss  Emma 

hire,  a  native  of  [llinois,  and  her  father.  Israel  Burkshire,  is  of  English 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  West  reside  in  a  nice  home  in  Chehalis  and  are  much 

med  in  social  circles. 

Wll  I  I  \.\i   I. A  SALLE. 

ham  La  Salle  is  the  capable  superintendent  of  the  Chehalis  Fir  Door 

.  and  also  a  stockholder  and  one  of  the  organizers.    The  organization 

completed  on  Februar)    15,   [902,  and  it  has  an  entirely 

1   PJai  '  ped  with  modern  machinery  and  everything  necessary  to  its 

The  mill  ghty  by  one  hundred  and  fifty  feet,  the  dry  kiln  is 

ighty,  the  Mean,  kiln  forty  by  twent)  six,  and  the  warehouse  twentv- 

-  ighl      The  grounds  have  an  excellent  location  and 

facihti  d,  and  the  demand    for  the  fir  doors  is  con- 

"'>•  u,i  I    <     Rush  is  the  president  of  the  firm  ;  E    \  Frost  is  vice 


president;  Joe  A.  Gabel,  now  the  state  librarian,  is  secretary;  Dr.  J.  T.  Cole- 
man is  treasurer;  and  Mr.  La  Salle  is  superintendent.  All  are  gentlemen 
of  means  and  reliability,  and  the  success  of  the  Chehalis  Fir  Door  Company 
is  assured,  and  it  cannot  but  prove  of  great  benefit  to  the  owners  and  to  the 

The  La  Salle  family  orginated  in  France,  and  some  of  its  members  came 
to  America  prior  to  the  Revolution.  Great-grandfather  La  Salle  was  a  sol- 
dier on  the  side  of  the  colonies  in  that  war.  His  son,  John  P.,  was  born  in 
Vermont  in  1801,  and  during  the  greater  part  of  the  ninety-one  years  of  his 
life  was  actively  engaged  in  tilling  the  soil,  passing  away  in  1892.  His  son 
William  was  also  a  native  of  Vermont,  and  after  his  marriage  removed  to 
Wisconsin,  but  when  the  Civil  war  broke  out  he  enlisted  and  served  through- 
out the  struggle  as  second  lieutenant  of  the  Third  Wisconsin  Cavalry.  At  the 
close  of  the  war  he  went  west,  but  soon  afterward  died,  leaving  his  widow 
and  only  son  alone  in  the  world.  This  estimable  lady  still  survives  in  her 
fifty-eighth  year,  and  makes  her  home  in  Portland,  Oregon ;  her  maiden  name 
was  Frances  La  Salle,  and  she  was  a  second  cousin  of  her  husband. 

William  La  Salle  was  the  only  son  mentioned  above,  and  his  birth  oc- 
curred in  Oshkosh,  Wisconsin,  on  November  26,  1856.  He  received  his  edu- 
cation in  the  high  school  at  Stevens  Point,  Wisconsin,  and  in  the  Spencerian 
Business  College  at  Milwaukee.  He  followed  the  inclination  which  he  had 
had  from  youth  and  learned  the  carpenter's  trade,  and  for  eight  years  fol- 
lowed the  pursuit  of  contractor  and  builder  in  Wausau,  Wisconsin ;  many  of 
the  best  buildings  in  that  city  are  the  products  of  his  skill.  But,  being  attracted 
by  the  possibilities  of  the  west,  he  came  to  Seattle  on  the  first  day  of  April, 
1889.  He  first  accepted  the  position  of  superintendent  of  a  large  lumber  com- 
pany, later  held  the  superintendency  of  the  concern  of  Wheeler,  Osgood  & 
Company,  at  Tacoma,  for  eight  years,  then  spent  a  short  time  in  Portland, 
Oregon,  after  which  he  came  to  Chehalis  and  brought  about  the  organization 
of  his  present  firm. 

The  marriage  of  Mr.  La  Salle  took  place  in  1882,  when  Miss  Marion 
Moss  became  his  wife;  she  is  a  native  of  Massachusetts,  and  her  father,  Ed- 
ward Moss,  was  a  native  of  England.  Their  one  son,  Guy  E.,  has  almost 
reached  manhood.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  La  Salle  attend  the  Presbyterian  Church, 
while  he  is  a  good  Republican  and  a  member  of  the  Masonic  fraternity.  He 
is  a  practical  mechanic,  and  it  is  owing  to  this  faculty  that  he  has  made  a 
success  of  his  life  work,  and  he  now  enjoys  the  esteem  of  the  business  and 
social  circles  of  Chehalis. 


Arthur  Charles  St.  John  has  served  two  terms  as  county  treasurer  of 
Lewis  county  and  is  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Frank  Everett  &  Company, 
which  is  the  largest  and  most  complete  hardware  establishment  in  the  county. 
Chehalis  is  not  an  old  town,  as  that  term  is  used  of  a  place  in  the  east,  but 
the  enterprise  and  pioneer  spirit  of  its  inhabitants  have  caused  to  spring  up 
within   its  limits   business  houses   which  have  had  a  growth   and   prosperity 


almost  phenomenal  and  unknown  in  the  east.  Such  is  true  of  this  firm,  which 
has  a  large  store  and  warehouse  and  carries  an  immense  stock  of  heavy  and 
i  all  descriptions,  farm  implements,  and  also  a  line  of  fur- 
niture. Mr.  Everett  is  also  the  president  of  the  Chehalis  Furniture  Manufac- 
turing Company,  and  there  is  a  branch  of  this  concern  in  the  store. 

The  French  ancestors  of  Mr.  St.  John  settled  in  this  country  about  the 

time  of  the  Revolution,  and  his  father.  Charles  Oscar,  was  horn  in  Ohio  in 

I  [e  has  -pent  his  life  in  farming  and  merchandising  and  has  resided  in 

differenl   parts  of  the  country.     He  came  to  Chehalis  in  1884  and  settled  on 

his  present  fine  farm  of  tour  hundred  acres,  where  he  has  been  engaged  on  an 

exten  le  in  raising  Durham  cattle  and  a  high  standard  of  horses;  his 

•  situated  on  the  Chehalis  river,  and  is  in  many  ways  a  model  of  its 

lie  has  always  been   Republican  in  his  political  sympathies,  but  has 

never         ii   d  office,  and  he  is  a  good  Presbyterian.     He  married  Mary  E. 

Aldrich,  who  was  born  in  Ohio;  she  died  in  1S96  at  the  age  of  fifty-seven, 

and  four  children  were  born  to  her:     Mrs.  J.  E.  Stearns,  residing  in  Lewis 

county;  Mrs.  David  Urquhart,  of  Chehalis;  and  Miss  Gertrude,  at  home. 

Arthur  Charles  St.  John  is  the  second  of  this  family  in  order  of  birth, 
and  was  born  in  Monterey  county.  California,  October  9,  1869.  He  was 
educated  in  the  school-  of  Lewis  county  and  of  his  native  state,  and  later  in 
the  Collegiate  Institute  at  Olympia.  His  business  career  began  when  he 
osition  as  a  clerk  in  the  land  office  in  Olympia,  and  then  for  seven 
years  he  was  employed  as  assistant  cashier  in  the  bank  in  Chehalis.  He  has 
been  a  popular  member  of  the  Republican  party,  and  in  1898  was  elected 
treasurer  of  Lewis  county,  and  again  in  1900.  He  purchased  his  interest 
in  the  above  mentioned  company  on  January  1,  1902,  and  while  Mr.  Everett 
1   charge  of  the  furniture  manufactory,  he  will  manage  the  hardware 

Mr.  St.  John  was  married  in  September,  1892,  to  Miss  Laura  B.  Marr. 

who  1-  ,-i  native  of  the  state  of  Kansas,  and  whose  father,  Robert  Marr,  is 

1  leading  druggist   oi   Olympia.     They  are  earnest  members  of  the  Presby- 

I   hurch,  and  he  enjoys  the  social  connections  of  the  Ancient  Order  of 

ed  Workmen.     The  wesl  abounds  in  wide-awake,  vigorous  young  men, 

who  are  making  fortunes  from  the  great  possibilities  of  the  new  country,  and 

t  the  same  time  are  assisting  in  the  development  of  what  will  at  some  day 

onderful  country  in  the  world,  and   Mr.  St.  John  may  well  be 

1  ami  bold  workers  of  the  west. 


Li   the  ni  of   the  great    west,    which   have  only  recently  been 

•ht   forth   from  the  primeval  wilderness,  success  depends  entirely  upon 

nd  industry,  and  among  those  who  have  risen  to  prominence  and 

me  through  these  1  are  now  enjoying  the  fruits  of  their  long  and 

ful  can  tar)  of  the  state  of  Washington.     j3ack 

country  the   English   ancestors  of  Mr.   Nichols 

bout    th<    year    [632,  and  history  records  that  his 

IT1LI).  *  A;ND 



great-grandfather,  John  Nichols,  fought  in  the  Revolutionary  war.  Lemuel 
Nichols,  the  father  of  our  present  subject,  was  born  in  Maiden,  Massachu- 
setts, and  there  married  Miss  Lucy  Lee  Fesendon,  of  Lexington,  Massachu- 
setts, who  came  from  an  equally  old  American  family,  some  of  whose  mem- 
bers also  participated  in  the  war  for  independence.  Lemuel  Nichols  was 
for  many  years  a  sea  captain.  In  1855  he  retired  from  the  dangers  and 
toils  of  the  sea  and  removed  to  Minnesota,  where  with  his  two  sons  he 
cultivated  and  improved  a  large  farm,  the  sons,  George  L.  and  Samuel  H., 
carrying  on  the  business  of  the  farm  and  engaging  principally  in  stock- 

Samuel  H.  Nichols,  a  son  of  Lemuel  and  Lucy  (Fesendon)  Nichols, 
was  born  in  Maiden,  Massachusetts,  in  the  year  1835,  and.  as  recorded 
above,  removed  with  his  father  to  Minnesota  and  assisted  in  running  the 
farm.  Mr.  Nichols'  first  vote  was  cast  for  Abraham  Lincoln,  and  he  has 
since  been  a  very  active  Republican.  At  the  time  of  the  Indian  outbreak 
and  massacre  of  the  settlers  he  was  appointed,  by.  Governor  Ramsey  of  Minne- 
sota, captain  of  a  militia  company,  and  at  the*  head  of  his  company  he  took 
an  active  part  in  the  suppression  of  the  reds -and '-was -engaged  in  various  skir- 
mishes. Later  he  also  served  in  the  office  of  the  provost  marshal  at  Rochester, 
Minnesota.  He  was  clerk  of  the  house  of  representatives  of  Minnesota  three 
terms  and  was  clerk  of  the  supreme  court  eleven  years.  It  was  in  1891  that 
Mr.  Nichols,  becoming  impressed  with  the  possibilities  of  the  Sound  country, 
came  directly  to  what  is  now  the  very  prosperous  antT  growing  city  of  Ever- 
ett. He  was  one  of  the  very  first  men  to  assist  in  starting  the  town.  He 
served  as  one  of  its  first  councilmen  and  filled  all  the  town  offices,  assisting 
largely  in  the  development  of  the  city.  He  carried  on  an  extensive  business 
in  real  estate,  and  in  1896  was  chairman  of  the  Republican  county  central 
committee.  Later  he  was  elected  to  the  office  of  chairman  of  the  Republican 
county  central  committee.  In  1899  Mr.  Nichols  received  the  nomination  of 
secretary  of  state,  made  a  strong  campaign,  and  was  easily  elected  to  the 
place  which  he  is  now  filling  to  the  highest  satisfaction  of  all  his  constitu- 
ents, thus  showing  his  eminent  fitness  for  the  office. 

Mr.  Nichols'  marriage  occurred  in  1862,  when  Elizabeth  S.  Hurd,  a 
native  of  the  state  of  New  Hampshire,  became  his  wife.  She  was  of  old 
English  ancestry  and  was  a  daughter  of  Asa  Hurd,  of  New  Hampshire. 
To  this  union  have  been  born  six  children,  as  follows:  William  A.,  who 
was  his  father's  chief  clerk,  and  died  in  1891,  of  typhoid  fever.  He  was 
a  young  man  of  splendid  capabilities  and  of  high  character,  and  his  loss 
was  very  deeply  felt.  The  remaining  children  are:  Augustus  S.,  who  is 
in  business  at  Everett;  Edna  M.,  the  widow  of  George  K.  Kent;  Lizzie,  who 
is  now  Mrs.  F.  J.  Riley;  Mary  E. ;  and  Ethel  L.,  who  is  now  Mrs.  W.  C. 
Fowler.  Mrs.  Nichols  is  actively  interested  as  a  member  of  the  Episcopal 
church,  and  the  family  are  all  residents  of  Everett  and  enjoy  the  high  es- 
teem of  all  the  citizens  of  that  place.  Mr.  Nichols  is  a  prominent  member 
of  the  Masonic  fraternity  and  the  Elks,  and  is  much  esteemed  for  his  high 
character.  His  success  is  the  result  of  honest  effort,  and  his  life  may  well 
serve  as  a  model  for  the  future  generations. 




The  family  to  which  Mr.  David  Stewart  belongs  has  its  origin  far  back 
in  the  history  of  Scotland,  when  elan  fought  elan,  ana  the  land  was  the  scene 
of  bli  fe  with  its  would-be  master.  England.     It  is  pleasant  to  con- 

template the  pasl  of  our  ancestors,  even  if  we  should  be  led  into  the  melan- 
choly conclusion  of  Hamlet,  for  the  present  is  ever  the  product  of  the  past, 
inherit,  to  some  degree  at  least,  the  good  and  bad  of  their  forefathers. 
John  Stewart,  the  father  of  David,  was  born  in  Lanarkshire,  Scotland.  He 
married  a  lady  of  Scotch  birth  and  ancestry,  Elizabeth  Fergeson,  and  in  1857 
they  emigrated  to  Canada,  settling  in  what  is  now  Petersboro,  Ontario.  He 
a  customs  official  in  Scotland,  but  took  up  farming  when  he  arrived 
in  An  erii  I  he  fact  that  they  were  Scotch  Presbyterians  is  all  one  requires 

who  is  familiar  with  that  worthy  sect  as  evidence  of  their  firm  principles  of 
moral  conduct  and  noble  character;  for  many  years  he  was  an  elder  in  that 
church.  His  death  occurred  in  1890,  when  seventy-six  years  of  age,  and  his 
wife  died  in  1S71.  They  were  the  parents  of  ten  children;  four  sons  and 
four  daughters  reached  maturity,  and  seven  of  these  are  living,  two  of  them 
in  Washington.  Peter  Stewart  is  in  the  hotel  business  in  Tenino,  Thurston 

1     id  Stew. art.  one  of  the  prominent  law  firm  of  Reynolds  and  Stewart, 

ami  the  present  prosecuting  attorney  of  Lewis  count}',  was  born  in  Glasgow, 

land,    Augusl    to.    [848.      As  he  was  only  nine  years  old  when  he  was 

brought  to  America,  most  of  his  education  was  received  in  Canada.     When 

d  decided  t.  1  make  the  law   a  profession  he  went  into  the  office  of  Hon. 

I  ("Hand   .if   Brainerd,   .Minnesota,   who   was  afterwards   a   member  of 

\iter  a  thorough  course  of  study  there,  in  which  be  gained  much 

cal  knowledge  which  proved  of  so  much  benefit  when  he  began 

'    '■  ii     elf.  I,,-  was  admitted   to  the  bar  in  May.    1875.     The  first 

of   his   labor-   was   in    Bismarck,    Dakota,   and  he  continued   there  until 

1889,  when  he  came  to  Chehalis.     lor  the  first  few  months  he  practiced  alone, 

of   [890  the  linn  of  Reynolds  and  Stewart  was  established, 

nd  it   has  sim  ..1'  the  recognized   leaders  among  the  lawyers  of 

the  county. 

Mr    Stewart  has  keen  prominent  in  politics  as  a  member  of  the  Repub- 

party.     While  in  Brainerd,  Minnesota,  he  was  elected  city  justice,  and 

-  position  in   Bismarck,  Dakota,      lie  is  a  man  firm  in  his  con- 

"ghl    and    imbued    with    public   spirit    which    makes   him    an 

11  of  ••'(•, 1  value  to  a  community.    This  was  soon  recognized  in  Chehalis. 

n  July  1.   [894,  he  w       cl      en  mayor  of  the  city,  and  was  continually 

ted,  so  thai  he  filled  that  position  until  July  1,  1901.     During  this  period 

1'  the  important   improvements  which   have  made  Che- 

I  a  model  municipality  were  accomplished,  and  much  of  the  credit 

'"  '  r.     In    toco  he  was  elected  prosecuting  attorney  of  the 

ernal  connection:    are  with   the   Ancient    Order  of  United 

•""'  In-  is  in  th(  .Hi  Conor  of  that   order. 



The  present  incumbent  of  the  office  of  judge  of  the  superior  court  of 
Lewis,  Pacific  and  Wahkiakum  counties,  Washington,  comes  of  good  Welsh 
and  Irish  ancestry,  and  has,  through  his  own  efforts,  raised  himself  above 
mediocrity  and  forged  ahead  into  the  class  of  those  who  "do  things."  His 
grandfather,  Eleazer  Rice,  came  to  Ohio  when  that  country  was  as  sparsely 
settled  as  the  western  coast  is  at  the  present  time ;  he  made  his  home  in  Cuya- 
hoga county,  and  it  was  there  that  his  son  Alonzo  was  born,  in  September, 
1819.  The  latter  came  to  Illinois  and  settled  in  Fayette  county,  where  he 
married.  When  a  young  man  he  was  in  that  characteristic  and  venturesome 
life  of  the  Mississippi  flat-boatman,  in  which  he  became  acquainted  with  that 
roistering,  reckless  class,  which  has  passed  away  with  the  onward  advance 
of  civilization.  But  retiring  from  this  pursuit  he  purchased  a  farm  in  Fay- 
ette county,  on  which  he  resided  during  the  latter  part  of  his  life.  He  and 
his  wife  were  members  of  the  Methodist  church,  and  he  was  a  worker  in  the 
Sunday-school,  being  noted  for  his  integrity  of  character  and  worthy  efforts 
for  the  benefit  of  his  fellow  men.  He  became  acquainted  with  and  remained 
a  life-long  friend  of  that  great  Illinoisan,  Abraham  Lincoln,  and  supported 
him  during  his  wonderful  career  in  politics.  Flis  wife  was  Esther  Owen, 
a  native  of  the  state  of  Ohio  and  a  daughter  of  James  Owen,  who  had  served 
in  the  war  of  1812.  The  elder  Mr.  Rice  died  January  3,  1898,  aged  seventy- 
eight  years,  but  his  wife  still  resides  in  Glenwood,  Iowa,  having  also  readied 
the  age  of  seventy-eight.  There  were  seven  children  in  their  family,  and  five 
sons  and  a  daughter  are  still  living. 

Alonzo  E.  Rice  is  the  only  member  of  this  family  who  has  made  his  home 
on  the  western  slope  of  the  Rockies.  He  was  born  on  May  6,  1S57.  After 
receiving  a  good  general  education  in  the  Central  University  at  I  Vila,  Iowa, 
he  earned  his  own  living  for  a  while  by  teaching  school,  but  he  bad  not  yet 
reached  the  point  where  he  felt  he  was  prepared  for  life,  and  he  began  reading- 
law  in  the  office  of  a  law  firm  in  Knoxville,  Iowa.  His  knowledge  of  tins 
wide  field  w-as  soon  extensive  enough  so  that  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in 
1883.  In  the  meantime  he  had  been  allowed  to  practice  in  the  courts  of  inferior 
jurisdiction,  and  in  1882  had  removed  to  Nebraska,  where  he  practiced  until 
he  came  to  Washington.  In  the  fall  of  1883  he  was  elected  county  surveyor, 
having  been  well  grounded  in  the  profession  of  civil  engineering,  and  in  the 
following  year  he  was  chosen  to  the  lower  house  of  the  Nebraska  legislature, 
where  he  served  one  term.  In  rSgo  he  came  to  Centralia,  Washington,  and 
this  has  since  been  his  home  and  place  of  business.  He  had  been  here  only 
two  years  when  he  was  elected  to  the  office  of  prosecuting  attorney  of  Lewis 
county,  and  the  record  of  his  official  duties  in  this  capacity  bear-,  the  marl:-  of 
efficiency  and  ability.  During  his  term  a  remarkable  case  occurred  in  which 
two  physicians  were  tried  for  manslaughter,  and  he  succeeded  in  convicting 
both.  The  paper  which  he  drew  againsl  them  in  this  case  was  so  clear  and 
forceful  that  it  was  incorporated  in  the  American  and  English  Encyclopedia 
of  Forms  as  a  model  complaint.  His  election  to  the  bench  of  the  superior 
court  came  in  1900.  Since  he  has  been  in  this  position  his  decisions  have 
seldom  been  reversed  by  a  higher  court,   his   instructions  to  the  jury  have 


been  clear  and  concise— not  a  common  characteristic  of  such  documents— 
and  he  has  gained   the  reputation  of  being  an  exceedingly  competent  trial 


When  not  on  the  bench  the  judge  was  very  prominent  in  the  councils  of 
the  Republican  party,  campaigning  the  state  under  the  auspices  of  the  state 
central  Republican  committee;  in  tin's  way  he  performed  some  very  valuable 
service  for  his  party  in  the  uncertain  and"  troublous  days  of  fusionism.     He 

prominent  member  of  the  Masonic  lodge,  having  served  as  grand  orator 
of  the  grand  lodge  of  the  state,  and  is  a  past  master  of  the  lodge.  He  also 
belongs  to  the  Independent  Order  of  Red  Men. 

i  [e  married,  February  12,  1903,  Mrs.  S.  F.  Rector,  of  Centralia,  a  daugh- 
ter of  X.  I..  Strange  and  Angel  ine  (Dickey)  Strange,  both  living  in  Whitman 
county.  Mrs.  Rice  was  in  the  drug  business  in  Centralia,  and  is  a  competent 
court  reporter  and  has  always  taken  an  active  interest  in  public  affairs. 

B.  H.  RHODES. 

The  ancestry  of  the  Rhodes  family  is  Scotch  and  English,  and  the  record 
is  complete  back  into  the  eighteenth  century.     One  of  the  incidents  of  the 
grandfather  Rb  ides  recalls  one  of  the  favorite  customs  of  England 
in  recruiting  her  great  sea  power.    While  Mr.  Rhodes  was  in  Liverpool  one  of 
ruisers  lying  in  the  harbor  there  sent  their  recruiting  officers  around, 
and.  ithers,  impressed  Mr.  Rhodes  into  what  was  to  him  a  distasteful 

service  He  served  faithfully,  however,  anil  was  finally  promoted  to  be  ser- 
The  Revolution  was  at  this  time  in  progress,  and  one  day,  as  the  vessel 
was  at  >.'ew  York,  Sergeant  Rhodes  was  given  shore  liberty  and  availed  him- 
self of  the  opportunity  to  desert,  lie  at  once  enlisted  in  the  patriotic  army 
and  was  a  zealous  defender  of  the  cause  until  the  end.  He  then  located  in 
New  York  and  later  in  New  Jersey,  in  which  latter  place  he  died. 

His  son  was  born  while  the  father  resided  in  New  Jersey,  lived  there 

all  bis  life  and   followed  the  trade  of  miller  and  millwright.     The  next  one 

di       Hi   was  Theodore  B.   Rhodes,  who  was  born  in  the 

!■     1      in    [835.     lie  is  one  of  flie  Civil  war  veterans,  having 

1    Pennsylvania  battery,     lie  has  resided  in  various  portions  of  the 

nion,  in  the  cist,  in  Kansas,  and  later  came  to  the  Pacific  coast.     At  present 

1  citizen  of  Centralia,   Lewis  county,  where  he  came  in   1888. 

1  !<•  in  irried  Elizabeth   V  Long,  a  native  of  Pennsylvania,  and  the  five  children 

the  in  1    all  living.     The  mother  died  January  7,   1903.     Three 

1  are  in  \\  ashington,  one  in  ( )regon  and  one  in  California.    The 

prominenl  member  of  the  Lewis  county  bar  and  makes 

bis  home 

e  prefal  raphs  bring  us  to  Mr.   B.   II.   Rhodes,  who  is  the 

of  the  al  parents  and  the  incumbent  of  one  of  the  important 

in    the  county,      lie    was   born    during   the   residence   of   his 

on    ^pril  3,  r866.     His  father  soon  after- 

ed  to  the  new  f  ]        as,  and  the  great  part  of  his  preliminary 

ition  was  in  the    chools  of  Marion.     For  the  next  seven  years 


lie  was  employed  as  a  pedagogue  in  the  states  of  Kansas  and  Oregon,  and 
so  successful  was  he  that  he  was  chosen  principal  of  the  schools  in  Milwaukee 
of  the  latter  state,  which  position  he  held  during  1887.  At  the  close  of  this 
work  he  came  to  Lewis  county  and  engaged  in  the  abstract  business  in  Cen- 
tralia.  At  the  same  time  he  was  preparing  himself  for  the  profession  of  law 
by  reading  Blackstone  and  other  commentaries  in  the  office  of  his  brother,  with 
such  success  that  he  was  admitted  to  the  county  bar  on  June  13,  1893,  and  in 
the  following  year  to  the  bar  of  the  supreme  court.  He  at  once  began  his 
practice  in  Centralia,  which  he  continued  up  to  April,  1898.  He  was  one 
of  the  young  men  who  volunteered  their  services  af  that  time  for  the  war 
against  Spain,  and  as  a  member  of  the  First  Washington  Volunteer  Infantry 
was  sent  to  the  Philippines,  being  the  first  sergeant  of  Company  M.  He 
participated  in  all  the  battles  during  the  time  of  his  service,  and  on  August  25. 
1899,  was  made  second  lieutenant  of  his  company,  as  a  reward  for  meri- 
torious conduct.  With  the  remnant  of  his  regiment  he  returned  home,  and 
received  his  honorable  discharge  in  San  Francisco  on  the  1st  of  November, 
1899,  and  then  returned  to  Centralia. 

Mr.  Rhodes  has  always  been  one  of  the  stalwarts  of  the  Republican  party, 
and  in  November,  1900,  he  was  elected  county  clerk  of  Lewis  county;  in 
connection  with  bis  duties  in  this  office  he  was  also  clerk  of  the  superior 
court  of  the  county.  He  proved  himself  a  very  capable  official  in  this  position, 
and  in   IQ02  was  again  nominated  and  elected  to  succeed  himself. 

In  April,  1889,  Mr.  Rhodes  became  the  husband  of  Miss  Lillian  M. 
Weatherston,  who  was  born  in  the  state  of  Oregon.  Her  father,  Adam 
Weatherston,  was  one  of  the  pioneers  of  that  state,  and  the  Oregon  City  mills 
and  the  Walla  Walla  mills  are  monuments  to  his  constructive  ability.  One 
son  was  born  of  this  union,  Jay  C,  who  is  now  attending  school.  In  Novem- 
ber, 1891,  Mr.  Rhodes  lost  his  first  wife,  and  on  June  3,  1896,  he  married 
Miss  Amanda  E.  Willard,  a  daughter  of  Alexander  Willard,  now  a  resident 
of  Chehalis,  and  her  native  state  was  Kansas.  Another  son  was  born  by 
this  marriage,  Horace  B.  Mr.  Rhodes  takes  an  active  interest  in  various 
fraternal  organizations;  he  was  made  a  Mason  in  the  Centerville  Lodge  No. 
63,  and  is  senior  warden  of  the  lodge ;  he  has  been  a  member  of  the  Ancient 
Order  of  United  Workmen  since  1890.  He  has  a  nice  home  in  Centralia  and 
is  very  popular  in  social  circles. 


The  Harmon  family  traces  its  ancestry  back  to  an  old  English  stock, 
some  members  of  which  emigrated  to  this  country  and  settled  in  the  states 
of  Vermont  and  New  York,  where  they  bore  an  important  part  in  the  early 
development  of  the  east.  Asa  Harmon  was  born  in  that  city  known  to  every 
loyal  American,  Bennington,  Bennington  county,  Vermont,  in  1827.  In 
1S52  he  married  Lucy  Snow,  after  which  he  removed  to  Ontario  county, 
New  York,  but  a  few  years  later  came  farther  west  and  took  up  his  home 
in  Kalamazoo,  Michigan.  He  was  a  minister  of  the  Christian  Church,  and 
when  the  Civil  war  broke  out  he  enlisted  in  the  spring  of  1861  in  the  Union 


army  as  chaplain  of  the  Third  .Michigan  Cavalry,  serving  to  the  end  of  the 

war.     Returning  to  Michigan  in  1S65,  he  remained  for  a  few  years  and  then 

his  family  to  southern  Illinois,  where  in  connection  with  his  ministry  he 

cultivated  a  farm.     In  [883  he  made  the  last  long  move  of  his  life,  coming  to 

1  ewis  county,  Washington,  where  he  purchased  a  farm  in  this  fertile  region 

ined  until  his  death,  which  occurred  when  he  was  seventy-three  years 

[900.      His   wife  still   survives  and  makes  her  home   with 

ses,  being  now   seventy-four  years  old. 

dgar   Harmon   was  born  while  his    father  made  his  home  in 

Kalam  ,. Michigan,  on  October  26,  1864.    He  was  educated  in  the  schools 

1  Illinois.     He  first  engaged  in  teaching  school,  and  after  coming 
1   Lewis  county  was  elected  superintendent  of  the  county  schools   for  two 
re  elected   for  another  term.     He  had  already  decided,  how- 
thai  the  life  of  the  educator  was  not  the  best  held  of  his  endeavor,  and 
while  111  this  last  mentioned  office  he  was  spending  his  leisure  time  in 

the  reading  of  law,  with  such  good  results  that  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar 
at  the  expiration  of  his  term.  1  [e  took  his  place  among  the  active  practitioners 
of  (  ihehalis  in  [893,  and  in  November  of  that  year  formed  a  partnership  with 
Mr.  Millett,  which  is  still  in  existence  and  is  one  of  the  most  prosperous  law 
-  of  the  city.  Besides  having  their  share  of  the  general  practice  they 
pecialtj  of  probate  business,  and  they  have  an  excellent  reputation 
in   this   branch   of   the   profession. 

7  Mr.  Harmon  married  Miss  Ellen  M.  Roundtree,  who  has  the  dis- 
tincti  tig  born  in  Lewis  county,  and  her  father,  Martin,  was  a  settler 

in  the  territory  as  far  back  as  [853,  almost  in  the  hazy  period  of  the  history 
of  the  Pacific  coast.  The  names  of  the  four  children  born  of  this  union  are 
Warren  O.,  Eva  S.,  Claude  l'>.  and  Cora.  The  parents  are  both  members 
of  the  Christian  church,  and  he  is  an  elder.  I  fe  has  passed  all  the  chairs  in  the 
fraternal  orders  of  the  •  )dd  Fellows  and  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Work- 
men, and  holds  membership  in  the  Woodmen  of  the  World  and  Masons;  he 
-  often  been  ol  ce  to  these  fraternities  as  a  public  speaker.     He  belongs 

to  the  Republican  party,  and,  because  of  the  deep  interest  he  has  taken  in  the 
if  the  veterans  of  the  Civil  war,  has  been  chosen  an  honorary  member 
it  and    \11uv  of  the  Republic. 


ntj  thre<  Chehalis  was  a  mere  post-village,  boasting  of 

tut       which  now  make  it  one  of  the  promising 

It  was  when  the  town  was  thus,  as  it  were,  in  its  infancy, 

W  illis  canv  establi  lied  himself  as  an  aspiring  young  attorney 

take  charge  of  any  legal  transactions  which  his  would-be  clients 

p  wuli  the  town,  has  become  identified  with 

which  have  aided  it^  development,  and  his  place  as  the 

in  honorable  one  and  a  source  of  just  pride  and  gratification. 

I  lis  ancestral  hist  lm     t  as  far  back  as  the  settlement  of  America 

r  aboul   H  Puritan  of  English  stock  came  to  this  coun- 


try  and  settled  in  Cambridge,  Massachusetts,  where  lie  was  a  man  of  consid- 
erable distinction.  Further  along  in  the  history  of  this  country  and  of  the 
Willis  family,  we  find  that  great-grandfather  Willis  participated  in  the  Revo- 
lutionary war.  The  latter's  son.  William  T..  was  born  on  the  Monongahela 
river.  West  Virginia,  and  later  located  in  Canton,  Georgia,  where  he  was 
an  eloquent  minister  of  the  Christian  church,  which  had  only  shortly  before 
come  into  existence.  One  of  his  children  born  during  the  period  of  his  resi- 
dence in  Canton  was  William  T..  Jr.,  the  year  of  whose  birth  was  1822. 
He  followed  the  occupation  of  farming;  he  was  a  firm  believer  in  the  political 
principles  advocated  by  the  Whig  party,  but  did  not  live  long  enough  to  see 
their  triumphant  outcome,  for  he  died  in  his  thirty-second  year,  in  1855.  He 
married  Mary  Mulkey  McCartney,  a  native  of  central  Tennessee;  her  ances- 
tors were  Protestants  from  the  north  of  Ireland,  her  grandfather  was  a  soldier 
in  the  Revolution,  and  members  of  her  family,  as  well  as  that  of  the  Willises, 
took  part  in  the  Civil  war.  She  is  now  in  the  seventy-fourth  year  of  her  age 
and  resides  in  Eureka,  Kansas,  which  has  been  the  home  of  the  family  for 
many  years.  The  two  children  born  of  her  marriage  with  Mr.  Willis  are. 
still  living;  the  daughter,  Ellen  J.,  is  the  wife  of  Frederick  Shaw  and  resides 
in  Eureka. 

The  other  child  of  these  parents  was  J.  E.  Willis,  who  claims  Illinois  as 
his  native  state,  being  born  on  October  19,  1850,  during  the  residence  of  his 
parents  in  Pinckneyville,  Perry  county.  The  early  death  of  his  father  had 
deprived  the  family  of  many  of  the  comforts  which  he  could  have  provided, 
and  as  soon  as  he  became  old  enough  he  was  compelled  to  shift  largely  for 
himself.  Fie  gained  his  education  by  bis  own  efforts,  and  is  thoroughly  de- 
serving of  the  title  of  a  self-made  man.  His  youth  was  passed  in  Illinois,  hut 
he  removed  to  Kansas  in  1870,  and  attended  school  at  Emporia,  and.  finally 
settling  at  Eureka,  Kansas,  began  reading  law  in  the  office  of  W.  C.  1  luffnian, 
of  that  place,  and  so  much  was  his  success  that  he  was  admitted  to  the  liar  in 
May,  1878.  But  he  did  not  cease  his  efforts  at  this  point,  hut  has  always 
been  a  thinking  student  of  bis  profession,  and  also  deeply  interested  in  affairs 
of  general  importance,  so  that  an  acquaintance  with  him  soon  reveals  the  fact 
that  he  is  a  well  rounded,  practical  gentleman,  conversant  with  his  business 
in  all  its  details.  He  owns  a  good  technical  library  and  also  a  good  selection 
of  general  works.  On  gaining  admission  to  the  bar  Mr.  Willis  came  at  once 
to  Chehalis,  arriving  here  on  the  first  of  May,  1879.  He  has  given  special 
attention  to  real  estate,  commercial  and  municipal  law.  and  has  made  a  suc- 
cessful career  mainly  along  these  lines. 

He  married,  before  coming  to  this  state,  in  1877,  Miss  Jessie  Enterkine, 
a  lady  of  Scotch  ancestry.  They  have  one  daughter,  wdio  is  a  student  in  the 
State  University.  Mr.  Willis  cast  his  first  vote  for  General  Grant,  hut  since 
then  has  been  most  of  the  time  on  the  Democratic  side  of  the  political  fence, 
although^  he  holds  himself  strictly  independent  in  such  matters  and  gives  his 
vote  to  the  party  or  men  which  come  nearest  to  his  id<  al  I  l<  served  for  two 
years  as  postmaster  of  Chehalis.  lie  is  a  member  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias 
and  Woodmen  of  the  World,  and  is  a  very  popular  citizen  of  the  community. 



One  of  the  great  industries  in  the  state  of  Washington  is  the  manu- 
facture of  lumber  from  the  vast  areas  of  timber  which  abound  there.  And 
one  of  these  successful  enterprises  is  the  Olympia  Door  &  Sash  Factory, 
which  was  established  in  1887  by  Mr.  C.  II.  Springer  and  his  associates, 
ami  of  this  company  Mr.  Springer  is  now  president.  The  business  is  large 
and  flourishing,  having  a  sawmill  in  connection,  and  all  machinery  necessary 
for  the  manufacture  of  doors,  sashes,  blinds  and  other  such  articles.  The 
product  is  sold  in  Seattle,  Portland  and  to  the  local  trade.  Under  Mr. 
Springer's  capable  management  the  business  has  increased  tenfold,  now  em- 
ploying sixty-live  men,  and  is  not  only  profitable  to  its  owners  but  to  the 
whole  community  as  well. 

William  II.  Springer,  the  father  of  our  subject,  was  a  native  of  Ger- 
many.    In  his  eighteenth  year,   in   1857,  he  came  to  California,  being  one 

the  many  young  men  of  his  fatherland  who  have  found  the  rigor  of  the 
German  military  system  distasteful  to  their  independent  spirits;  and  in  these 
men    t!       ;      ited    States   has   found   many  of   its   most   progressive   citizens. 

r  a  time  he  was  in  San  Francisco,  and  in  1865  went  to  Portland,  where 
he  followed  his  business  of  lumberman.  In  Vancouver,  Washington,  he 
married  Ellen  Turnbull,  who  came  to  the  northwest  with  her  uncle,  Captain 
Tumbull,  a  pioneer  steamboat  man  of  the  Columbia  river.  The  union  was 
blessed  with  five  sons  and  two  daughters,  and  five  are  still  living.  The 
mother  died  in  1880.  aged  forty-two  years,  but  the  father  still  survives,  in 
his  seventy-firsl  year,  lie  belongs  to  the  Republican  party,  and  is  a  worthy, 
upright    1 

Mr.  ('.   II.  Springer  is  a  native  of  southern  Oregon,  born  in  Josephine 

county,  January   [o,  [861,  is  a  graduate  of  the  Portland  high  school,  and  has 

his  whole  business  career  in  the  manufacture  of  doors  and  sashes.     In 

1886  Anna  I  a  native  of  Illinois,  became  his  wife,  and  they  have  three 

and  'wo  dan  William  11.,  Mabel,  Clarence,  Morris  and  Claudine. 

i   identified   witli   the   Republican   party  and  holds   membership  in   the 

In  mi  1  of  the  World. 

interests  Mr.  Springer  has  a  valuable  mining  property 

m  the   Squak  district,   which   is  being  developed,  and   a   large  stamp  mill  is 

u'1      The  ore,    which   is  in  great  abundance,   is  high  grade,  and 

I   that   ,t   will  pav  large  profits.     He  owns  property  in 

<  Hympia,  Ballard  and  other  pi.,  ,      and  is  even-where  regarded  as  a  business 


Mlh   ST  Ml    BANK. 

one  01  the  important  financial  institutions  of  Centralia,  Lewis  county 

!        Si  ite  Bank,      It   was  organized  in  November,  1894      Mr 

.llchnsl  was  the  chief  promoter  ami  is  now  its  capable  president: 

Chai         5.,  and   Frank  T,    McNitt  also  helped  in  the'  enterprise    and' 

ormer  is  now  the  cashier  and  the  latter  a  stockholder  and  director   'The 

CtJ.  /Vr  ^^is^^~-~^y^ 





capital  stock  is  twenty-five  thousand  dollars,  and  a  general  banking  business 
is  transacted.  The  bank  has  increased  every  year  since  its  organization,  and 
is  recognized  as  a  leading  factor  in  the  business  circles  of  the  county. 

The  life  of  Mr.  Charles  Gilchrist  is  an  interesting  one.  He  is  a  native 
of  bonnie  Scotland,  and  his  ancestors  were  lowland  Scotch.  Born  September 
4,  1 841,  he  was  carefully  reared  and  educated  in  his  native  land,  and  when 
nineteen  years  of  age  emigrated  to  America.  For  the  first  seven  years  he  was 
engaged  in  farming  in  Ontario,  Canada,  after  which  he  sold  out  and  removed 
to  Washoe  county,  Nevada,  where  for  nineteen  years  he  worked  in  the  lum- 
ber industry  of  that  state,  finding  1  very  profitable  field  for  his  endeavors. 
Disposing  of  his  interests  he  next  went  to  Bodie,  California,  where  he  engaged 
in  the  same  occupation  until  1884,  which  is  the  date  of  his  coming  to  Cen- 
tralia.  He  had  become  acquainted  with  every  detail  of  the  lumber  industry, 
and  he  continued  it  here  by  buying  a  sawmill  and  operating  it  for  six  years. 
He  then  sold  the  mill  property  and  established  the  Lewis  County  Bank,  of 
which  he  was  president.  He  later  sold  it  to  the  First  National  Bank  of  Cen- 
tralia,  and  during  the  financial  panic  of  r894  it  failed.  Mr.  Gilchrist  then 
effected  the  organization  of  the  State  Bank, : and  has  been  conducting  it  with 
marked  success  ever  since. 

In  1867  Mr.  Gilchrist  became  the  husband  of  Sarah  Ann  Van  Scriber, 
a  native  of  Canada,  and  they  had  two  sons.'  Tames  is  now  the  manager  of  the 
Salzer  Valley  Sawmill  Company,  in  which  Mr.  Gilchrist  and  his  son  are 
stockholders;  and  Charles  S.  is  the  cashier  of  the  bank.  The  death  of  Mrs. 
Gilchrist  occurred  in  1877;  she  had  been  a  most  devoted  wife  and  mother, 
and  her  loss  was  also  felt  outside  of  the  family  circle.  In  1879  Mr.  Gilchrist 
married  Miss  Mary  Fulston,  who  was  born  in  Carson  City.  Nevada:  their  one 
son,  Harry,  is  now  a  clerk  in  his  father's  bank.  They  have  one  of  the  fine 
residences  of  the  city  and  are  held  in  high  esteem  in  society.  He  is  a  member 
of  the  chapter  and  commandery  of  the  Masonic  blue  lodge  and  received  his 
sublime  degree  as  a  Master  Mason  in  Carson  City,  Nevada,  in  1867.  He 
votes  for  the  success  of  the  Republican  party,  but  he  is  not  interested  to  the 
extent  of  desiring  office,  although  he  held  the  position  of  postmaster  while 
living  in  California. 


Lawrence  Bar  is  one  of  the  many  German-born  Americans  who  have 
found  this  country  a  land  of  opportunities  and  have  been  eminently  successful; 
he  has  been  a  prosperous  farmer,  served  his  adopted  country  in  the  dark  <: 
of  the  Civil  war,  and  now  has  a  foremost  place  among  the  merchants  of  the 
city  of  Centralia,  Washington.  George  and  .Maria  Ann  (Eugner)  Bai 
his  parents,  were  born  in  Germany,  were  married  there  and  later  broughl  w  ith 
them  to  America  their  four  children.  After  residing  in  the  Mate  of  New 
York  for  twelve  years  Mr.  Bar  came  with  his  wife  and  three  of  his  sons  to 
Minnesota  in  1856;  in  Fillmore  county  he  and  each  of  his  sons  took  up  a  farm 
of  one  hundred  and  sixty  acres.  He  improved  this  and  on  it  spent  the  rest  of 
his  life.     His  wife  died' in  1876  at  the  age  of  seventy-nine,  and  he  survived 


until  1887,  having  attained  the  good  old  age  of  ninety-three  years.  They 
were  members  of  the  Lutheran  church  and  people  of  industry  and  great 

Lawrence  Bar  is  proud  to  recall  that  he  was  born  in  the  fatherland  which 
has  sent  forth  so  many  eminent  men  to  the  world;  he  is  a  native  of  Bavaria, 
1  lermany,  born  there  in  1838,  and  is  the  only  one  of  the  family  in  the  state  of 

hingti  n.  I  lis  early  training  was  received  in  the  schools  of  New  York 
and  Minnesota,  and  he  was  brought  up  to  a  farmer's  life.  When  the  first 
call  for  three  hundred  thousand  troops  for  the  Civil  war  went  through  the 
land  he,  with  his  two  brothers.  John  and  George,  offered  his  services;  he  was 
enrolled  in  October,  1861,  in  Company  C,  Third  Minnesota  Volunteer  In- 
fantry. While  in  Kentucky  with  his  regiment  he  was  taken  with  measles, 
and,  as  he  had  camped  in  the  mud  and  wet,  his  life  was  despaired  of,  but  after 
partial  recovery  he  was  sent  home,  and,  not  being  strong  enough  for  further 
duty,  he  received  an  honorable  discharge  in  1862.  His  brothers  remained 
with  their  regiment  till  the  close  of  the  war.  Mr.  Bar's  health  had  been  so 
thoroughly  undermined  by  the  exposure  of  army  life  that  he  was  not  able  to 
take  up  farm  work  again.  He  retained  a  general  supervision  of  bis  farm, 
however,  and  in  connection  opened  a  store  in  Spring  Valley.  Minnesota,  which 
he  continued  till  1891.  This  year  is  the  date  of  his  arrival  in  Centralia.  His 
first  venture  here  was  a  shoe  store,  but  he  kept  adding  to  his  stock  until  he 
now  deals  in  clothing,  hats,  caps,  shoes  and  all  manner  of  men's  furnishing 

Is.  His  store,  forty-eight  by  forty-eight  feet,  bad  been  found  wholly 
inadequate  to  accommodate  his  business,  and  in  1902  he  erected  a  two-story 
brick  structure,  thirty  by  one  hundred  feet,  by  far  the  finest  business  block  in 
the  city;  it  has  heavy  plate-glass  windows,  pressed  brick  front,  and  at  the  cor- 
nel   bears  the  name  of  the  man   who  has  so  fully  deserved  this  prosperity, 

rence  Bar;   it  is  located  in  the  center  of  the  business  district  and  is  a  credit 
i"  the  1  it}      Mr.  Bar  also  owns  other  property  in  the  city,  and  has  six  hundred 
o|  valuable  timber  land. 

Mr.   Bar's  marriage  occurred  in   1878,  when  he  became  the  husband  of 

Mrs.    Harriet    II.    Parsons,   a  native  of  Chautauqua  county,   New   York;  she 

ne  daughter  by  her  previous  marriage,  Hattie  May.  who  is  the  wife 

■      Dr.   E.  C.  Truesdell,     Mr.  and  Mrs.  Bar  have  one  son,' William  Lawrence 

who  i-  a  .indent  in  his  junior  year  at  Stanford  University.     Mr    Bar 

interested  in  the  success  of  the  Republican  party  and  takes  an  active  part 

in  local  affairs  as  a  member  of  the  city  council. 


While  the  physician   undoubtedly  occupies  a    foremost   place  anion-  the 

ed  profess.ons,  and  the  rewards  for  a  successful  career  in  this  line  are 

'••;l,,''ir',"1  '    "   '"creasing  number  of  the  ambitious  youth  of  the 

1    thori      ire  numerous  among  the  roses  and  the  successful 

ease  which  accompanies  many  of  the  professions 

■""'  ""  rewards  are  b  for  the  years  of  preparatory  study   the  perS 

equired  ...  gel   one  into  a  good  practice  and  the  actual  hardships 


which  are  endured  in  journeying  in  cold  and  rain  to  the  patients  far  and  near. 
Dr.  Dumon,  who  is  the  pioneer  M.  D.  of  Centralia.  has  not  only  put  himself 
to  the  front  in  his  profession,  but  ranks  among  the  capable  business  men  of 
the  city. 

The  ancestry  of  this  gentleman  must  be  designated  as  French-American, 
for  his  father,  John  Francis,  was  born  in  France  and  emigrated  to  Canada, 
where  he  was  married  to  Sarah  Rice,  who  came  of  a  family  long  resident  in 
the  new  world.  Coming  to  Smyrna,  Michigan,  in  1840,  he  purchaser!  and 
improved  a  farm,  making  that  his  home  until  his  death,  which  occurred  when 
he  was  sixty-nine  years  old,  in  1884.  He  had  always  borne  the  reputation 
of  an  honorable  man,  and  had  been  a  worthy  member  of  the  Baptist  church. 
His  wife  survived  him  for  many  years  and  was  seventy-five  years  old  when 
she  died  in  1899.  There  were  seven  children  in  this  family,  four  sons  and 
three  daughters,  five  of  whom  are  living;  but  the  only  one  living  in  the  state 
of  Washington  is  the  Doctor. 

Although  the  future  of  man  is  uncertain,  and  the  wisest  of  present-day 
seers  could  not  have  foretold  the  life  of  the  little  infant  as  he  lay  in  his 
mother's  arms,  there  was  much  rejoicing  in  the  home  in  Smyrna,  Michigan, 
when  the  baby  John  came  into  the  world  on  the  26th  of  September,  1850. 
He  spent  the  intervening  years  of  childhood  at  his  father's  home  and  was 
carefully  reared  and  educated,  attending  the  graded  schools  and  later  the  high 
school  in  Ionia,  Michigan.  "When  it  became  fixed  that  he  should  study  medi- 
cine for  a  career  he  went  to  the  State  University  at  Ann  Arbor,  Michigan, 
where  he  graduated  in  the  medical  department,  March  28,  1877.  For  the 
next  twelve  years  he  was  engaged  in  practice  at  Crystal,  Montcalm  county. 
Michigan,  during  which  time  he  was  successful  and  laid  the  foundation  for 
future  work.  In  1889  Dr.  Dumon  came  out  to  Centralia  for  the  purpose  of 
investing  in  some  of  the  vast  timber  lands  of  the  vicinity,  and  so  pleased  was 
he  with  all  the  environments  that  he  decided  to  make  this  his  permanent  loca- 
tion ;  so  it  was  by  almost  accident  that  he  became  one  of  the  prominent  citizens 
of  this  city.  He  bought  timber  land  in  both  Oregon  and  in  the  vicinity  of 
Centralia,  and  at  the  present  time  holds  about  one  thousand  four  hundred 
acres.  He  soon  built  up  a  good  practice  in  the  city,  and  has  acquired  <|in'te  a 
reputation  as  a  first-class  surgeon  and  physician.  But  he  has  also  been  inter- 
ested in  the  growth  of  his  adopted  city  and  has  built  several  houses  in  the  place, 
being  the  owner  of  the  building  in  the  center  of  the  business  part  in  which 
his  office  is  located.  Many  of  his  profession  have  come  and  gone  since  he 
first  came  to  Centralia,  but  he  has  remained  with  his  choice  and  become 

When  Mr.  Dumon  became  old  enough  he  cast  his  first  vote  for  the  Repub- 
lican candidate,  General  Grant,  and  has  ever  since  been  a  zealous  supporter  of 
that  party.  He  is  a  member  of  the  state  board  of  medical  examiners,  having 
been  appointed  by  Governor  McGraw  and  reappointed  by  Governor  Rogers. 
He  is  also  surgeon  for  the  Northern  Pacific  Railroad  in  his  section.  In  the 
same  year  that  he  came  to  Washington  he  married  Miss  Alice  Jackson,  who 
is  Canadian  born,  her  birthplace  being  Sarnia,  Ontario.  They  have  one 
daughter,  whom  they  have  named  Alice  May. 


isylvania,  in  the  year   1813  ushered  into  the  world 

me  the  father  of  one  of  Thurston  county's  prominent 

Linn  was  born  of  Scotch-Irish  ancestors, 

e  early  settlers  of  the  state  of  Pennsylvania.     He  was 

s  native  county,  and  married  Eliza  Donaldson,  who 

stock,  and  they  were  the  parents  of  eleven  children. 

rainier,  a  member  and  elder  of  the  United 

I  church   for  man  .   and  a  zealous  Republican,   Mr.   Linn 

happy  life  and  died  in   1879,  at  the  age  of  sixty-six.     His 

:  years  and  passed  away  at  a  ripe  age  in  1893. 

mily  live  are  living;  one  of  the  sons,  Rev.  A.  E.  Linn,  is  a 

II  minister  and  has  a  charge  in  Pittsburg,  Pennsylvania. 

er   Vinton   Linn,  who  is  the  only  member  of  the  family  living  in 

1  Greenville,   Mercer  county,   Pennsylvania,  on.  the 

nlier,    1857.  and   was  educated    in   Westminster   College  at 

ania,  where  he  graduated  in   t88o.     lie  then  read  law  in 

md  Mehard  in  Mercer.     He  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in 

■  m  there  for  two  years,  and  then  went  to  Atchison, 

i  his  profession  from   1884  to  1889.     This  latter 

s  arrival  in  Washington,  where  for  two  years  he  was 

ounty,  and  then  came  to  Olympia;  there  he  carried 

law  practice  until   [898,  at  which  time  he  was  elected 

11  the  unexpired  term  of  Judge  Aver,  who  had  died.    Upon 

i.'.t   term  he  w  en    to   succeed   himself,   and   is  now 

judicial  position  with  credit  and  to  the  satisfaction 


lappily  married  in  [883  to  Maggie  A.  Taggart,  of  East 

the  daughtei  1  t  John  Taggart.     They  are  the  parents  of 

I  lie  Judge  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  fraternity 

lie  owns  a  beautiful  home  in  Olympia  and 

nterests  in   the  county.      His  active  support   and 

■  the  highest  good  of  his  community,  and  his 

the  1     peel  of  all. 


men  yet  living  in  this  country  whose  adventures  would 

md  hardships  of  the  early  pioneers  cannot  be 

by  the  present  generation,  for  it  is  to  them  that 

th  and  1  on  of  the  great  west,  which  is, 

'■•  the  '"  e  event  of  the  century 

to  hear  the  recital  of  the  many  incidents 

I     ind   we  shall   here  record  briefly  the   long 

rthy  citizen  of  Olympia 

'  »«    funbridge  Wells.    Kent.    England,  on  the 


25th  of  October,  1835,  his  family  belonging  to  old  and  sturdy  stock.  He 
was  educated  in  London,  and,  having  early  formed  a  taste  for  seafaring  life, 
in  his  seventeenth  year  he  ran  away  from  home  and  for  three  years  was 
a  sailor  before  the  mast,  visiting  every  part  of  the  known  world  except  the 
East  Indies.  In  August  of  1855  he  landed  in  San  Francisco,  and  for  a  time 
sailed  between  that  city  and  Sacramento;  he  then  went  out  to  sea  again  on 
the  old  brig  Susan  Abigail,  and  on  January  1,  1856,  leaving  her  at  Portland, 
took  up  the  business  of  plastering.  Portland  was  at  that  time  only  a  small 
village  and  he  also  worked  at  Oregon  City  and  at  The  Dalles,  in  the  latter 
place  being  in  the  employ  of  the  United  States  government. 

At  the  breaking  out  of  the  mining  excitement  on  the  Frazer  river  in 
1858,  Mr.  Frost  joined  a  party  of  one  hundred  men  under  the  command  of 
Dave  McLaughlin,  a  son  of  the  good  Dr.  McLaughlin  of  northwest  fame. 
Their  journey  was  fraught  with  much  danger  from  hostile  Indians,  who  fre- 
quently attacked  them ;  they  fought  their  way  through  at  last,  six  of  their 
number  being  killed  and  many  wounded,  and  the  last  battle,  which  occurred 
about  thirty  miles  south  of  the  British  line,  was  called  McLaughlin  canyon, 
near  the  Okanagon  river.  On  their  arrival  at  Frazer  river  the  party  sepa- 
rated, Mr.  Frost  going  up  the  river  to  Foster's  bar,  where  he  had  considerable 
success  in  mining,  but,  being  compelled  to  pay  a  dollar  a  pound  for  food,  he 
soon  gave  up  the  undertaking.  With  his  companions  he  went  down  stream 
to  Boston  bar,  thence  footed  it  over  the  mountains,  took  the  boat  to  Victoria, 
and  from  there  arrived  in  Olympia  without  a  cent.  For  three  years  he  worked 
in  a  printing  office,  then  returned  to  his  trade,  working  at  five  dollars  a  day 
until  he  was  again  on  a  sound  financial  basis.  In  1870  he  purchased  an  inter- 
est in  a  hardware  store,  which  was  then  known  as  Hoffman  and  Frost,  carry- 
ing this  on  successfully  for  three  years,  when  they  divided  the  stock,  and 
Mr.  Frost  located  at  418  Main  street  and  carried  on  a  prosperous  trade. 

Mr.  Frost  has  always  been  ready  to  embark  in  any  enterprise  that  would 
aid  in  the  prosperity  of  his  city,  and  has  been  connected  with  successful  under- 
takings. He  was  one  of  the  original  stockholders  and  builders  of  the  electric 
light  and  power  plant  of  Olympia,  being  vice  president  of  the  company.  He 
was  one  of  the  organizers  and  a  director  of  the  Capital  National  Bank ;  he 
owned  a  half  interest  in  the  lower  falls  at  Tumwater,  a  valuable  property. 
He  is  treasurer  and  one  of  the  owners  of  the  Six  Eagles  mine  in  the  Okanagon 
district ;  the  property  is  a  valuable  one  and  large  returns  are  expected.  Mr. 
Frost  had  charge  of  the  development  for  some  time ;  a  shaft  two  hundred  and 
ten  feet  deep  has  been  sunk,  and  a  tunnel  is  now  almost  completed,  which 
will  drain  the  mine  and  allow  the  ore  to  be  taken  out  on  an  incline.  During 
the  great  panic  of  1893  Mr.  Frost,  not  through  any  fault  of  his,  suffered 
some  reverses,  but  he  is  still  one  of  the  prosperous  men  of  the  city  and  retains 
his  remarkable  mental  activity  and  his  business  push,  which  have  made  him 
so  successful. 

At  Olympia  in  1862  Mr.  Frost  became  the  husband  of  Louisa  Holmes, 
a  native  of  Wisconsin,  and  she  bore  him  four  daughters,  all  born  in  Olympia : 
Nellie  and  Carrie,  who  are  keeping  house  for  their  father;  Florence,  the  wife 
of  Charles  E.  Garfield,  who  is  engaged  in  mining  in  Alaska;  and  Anna,  who 

HISTORY  mi     ["HE   I'M  A.  I    SOUND  COUNTRY. 

the  Ellensburg  Normal  School.     The  beloved  mother  of  this 

:  she  was  a  lady  of  great  refinement  and  intelligence, 

dren  were  deprived  of  one  whose  influence  and 

ennoble  and  uplift  those  around  her.     Mr. 

in  his  handsome  cottage  with  his  two  daughters,  faithful  to 

the  memory  of  hi  ed  wife. 

is  a  prominent   Mason,  was  one  of  the  early   members  of 

,.  i.  has  passed  all  the  degrees  in  the  Scottish  Rite,  including 

.  and  i-  now  senior  warden  of  the  Lodge  of  Perfection.     He 

lemocral   and  served  as  city  treasurer  for  four  years, 

so  popular  with  his  fellow  citizens  in  this  Republican 

he  received  a  re  election.     His  beautiful  home  is  situated  on  a  tract 

half;  erlooking  the  bay,  and  covered  with  a  great  variety 

that  it  is  a  veritable  paradise,  where  he  may  spend  his  re- 

|  >    ce  and  quiet. 


s  review  is  one  of  Tacoma's  leading  lawyers.     He  was 

_.m  county,  <  )hio,  on  the  16th  day  of  June,  1861,  and  is  of  Scotch- 

try.     His  paternal  ancestors  came  from  England  with 

nd   settled   in    Pennsylvania.     There  Warren   Harris,   the 

>ur  subject,  was  born.      I 'pun  arriving  at  manhood's  estate 

Tied  Miss  1  lari«a  Williams.     They  subsequently  removed 

inty,  Ohio,  where  1  leorge  Harris,  the  father  of  James  McElroy, 

Win  1  1    was  yet  a  small  boy  his  father  removed  with  his 

hi  count)    in  the  same  state,      lie  was  the  eldest  of  seven 

reared  and  educated  in  Morgan  county,  and  there  learned 

e,  which  he  followed  for  several  years,  but  later  in  life 

[ricultural  pursuits.     George   Harris  married  Miss 

h  lri>h  ancestry,  and  in  1870  they  removed 

Vernon  county,   where  they   remained   until    1884, 

up  their  abode  in  Iowa,  first  going  to  Palo  Alto  county 

>ntas  county.     There  they   purchased  a  farm  and  spent 

VIi     II  p     iing  in  his  final  rest  in  1898,  his 

1  in  the  grave  about  three  years.    They  were  Quakers 

iple  hi   the  highest  respectability  and 

born  of  their  union,  but  only  Eour  of  the  number 


1\    representative  of  the  family  in  Wash- 
in  the  public  schools  of  Ohio  and  Wisconsin. 
■id  subsequently  attended  the  Western  Normal 
duating  from  there  he  came  direct  to  this 
in    August,   [889.     While  holding  the  position  of 
law  in  tl  1    of  \.  C.   Richards,  and  later 

rge  II.  Walker,  being  admitted  to  the  bar  in  [894,  and  for 
with  tin    firm  of  \\  alker  &   Fitch.      Prac- 
iat  time  until  January.    [900,  the  firm  of  Fitch  &  Harris 


was  then  formed,  and  these  enterprising  gentlemen  are  now  enjoying  a  very 
large  and  remunerative  law  patronage.  In  the  early  part  of  1901  Mr.  Harris 
was  appointed  a  member  of  the  city  council  of  Tacoma  to  fill  out  the  unex- 
pired term  of  John  Hartman,  who  was  elected  sheriff  of  the  county,  and 
after  completing  the  term  he  was  elected  to  that  position,  during  which  time 
he  served  as  chairman  of  the  committee  on  privileges,  franchises  and  corpor- 
ations. His  political  support  is  given  to  the  Republican  party,  and  he  is  a 
member  of  the  State  Bar  Association,  as  well  as  of  the  Bar  Association  of 
Pierce  county,  he  being  at  present  the  secretary  of  the  latter  association. 

In  December,  1891,  Mr.  Harris  was  married  to  Miss  Laura  Arntson. 
She  is  a  native  of  Minnesota  and  a  daughter  of  Judge  A.  C.  Arntson,  now 
of  Tacoma.  Four  children  have  come  to  brighten  and  bless  this  home,  all 
of  whom  were  born  in  Tacoma,  and  in  order  of  birth  they  are  named  as  fol- 
lows :  Evangeline,  Marian  Deborah,  Richard  Leigh  ton  and  James  Norton. 
Mrs.  Harris  is  a  member  of  the  Episcopal  church,  while  our  subject  is  a  birth- 
right Quaker.  His  name  is  a  familiar  one  in  political  and  professional  circles 
throughout  this  section  of  the  state,  and  by  reason  of  marked  intellectual 
activity  and  superior  ability  he  has  risen  to  his  present  high  position  in  the 
legal  fraternity  of  Pierce  county. 


George  Speirs,  one  of  the  prominent  residents  and  business  men  of  What- 
com, Washington,  was  born  in  Kilmarnock,  Ayrshire,  Scotland,  December  1, 
1855,  and  is  a  son  of  George  Speirs  and  Anne  (McLaughlin)  Speirs,  the 
former  of  whom  was  a  shoe  manufacturer  as  well  as  native  of  the  same 
locality,  who  died  at  the  age  of  sixty-six  years,  while  the  latter,  also  a  native 
of  Scotland,  died  in  1881.  Seven  children  were  born  to  these  parents,  namely : 
John,  of  Glasgow,  a  house  agent;  Archibald,  also  of  Glasgow  and  a  house 
agent;  James,  a  clergyman  in  British  Guiana;  Mrs.  Christina,  wife  of  Alfred 
Butler,  a  dairyman  of  Montreal;  Mrs.  Mary,  wife  of  Joseph  St.  Ouintin,  a 
painter  of  Montreal;  Mrs.  Anne,  wife  of  John  McLaughlin,  a  mechanic  of 
Winnipeg,  and  George,  our  subject. 

George  Speirs  received  his  early  education  in  the  common  and  high 
schools  of  Kilmarnock,  and  left  school  at  the  age  of  fifteen,  after  which  he 
entered  the  school  of  life,  and  learned  the  printer's  trade  in  the  city  of  Glas- 
gow. After  ten  years  in  all.  during  which  he  was  working  as  a  printer  in 
Glasgow,  he  emigrated  in  1879  to  Winnipeg,  and  was  employed  on  the  Free 
Press.  However,  in  1889,  he  made  another  change,  and  came  to  Whatcom, 
where  he  embarked  in  business  for  himself.  At  that  time  the  town  had  a 
population  of  twenty-five  hundred,  and  there  was  a  good  opening  for  his 
business,  which  has  been  a  healthy  one  from  the  start.  Mr.  Speirs  printed 
the  first  daily  paper  ever  published  on  Bellingham  bay.  The  Bulletin,  of  which 
he  was  editor,  proprietor  and  publisher.  In  1890  he  disposed  of  the  paper  to 
Austin  &  Rogers,  and  it  was  the  parent  of  the  present  Blade,  one  of  the  lead- 
ing newspapers  of  Whatcom.  He  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Belling- 
ham Oyster  Company  in  1902.  with  Henry  White  as  president  and  Speirs  as 
vice  president,  and  this  corporation  has  had  a  most  successful  career. 


i   Republican  in  r  nd  has  represented  the  party  in  both 

ions.     His  fraternal  affiliations  are  with  the  Masons 

July  i  v  1S77.  he  was  married  to  Robina  Wright,  a  daughter 

.In.  a  lithographic  printer  of  <  dasgow,  and  a  member  of  an  old 

:h   family.     One  daughter  has  been  born  to  Mr. 

5,  namely  :     Euphemia  Stirling,  twenty-two  years  of  age,  who 

Albertson  Graham,  a  dealer  in  agricultural  implements  at 



history  of   Washington   1-    familiar  to  Bennett  W.   Johns 

inection  with  the  experiences  of   frontier  life  in  this  portion 

II.-  history  forms  a  connecting  link  between  the  primitive  past 

an,'  erpri;      •  present,  for  as  early  as   1853  he  took  up  his  abode  in 

H,.  Was  Dixon    Spring,   Smith  county,  Tennessee,  on  the 

ary,   [838,  ami  is  of  Welsh  and  English  ancestry.     His  grand- 

rved  In-  country  in  the  war  of  1812.     He  was 

of  the  wealthy  planters  and  slaveowners  of  Tennes- 

sr  the  <  an  extensive  farm  and  a  beautiful  home.     In  his  re- 

'     oul    Baptist,  and  was  one  of  the  pillars  of  his 

rcli.  netl    I  ewis  Johns,  was  also  a  native  of  the  state  of 

■ere  he  was  horn  in  the  year  1802.     For  his  wife  he  chose  Miss 

who  was  born  near  the  birthplace  of  her  husband,  and  in 

-   the  parents  and  ten -children,  started  on  the 

to  the   Pacific  coast.     Near  Soda  Springs,  Idaho, 

died  of  n  n  fever,  and  the  eldest  daughter,  Fran- 

the  wife  of  Alexander  Barnes  in  the  east,  passed  away 

ifter  the  death  of  her  mother,  and  both  lie  buried 

ath.     This  was  a  sad  bereavement  to  the  remainder 

mily,  hut   such  was  the  lot  of  many  of  the  brave  pioneers.     When 

lountains   the  snow   became  so  deep  that   they 

I  to  leave  the  wagons  and  much  of  their  outfit,  and  later  they 

and  took  over  what  they  could,  and  later  food  became 

ould  all  have  perished  had  not  help  reached  them  by 

-.  who  had  been  sent  out  to  relieve  the  weary 

dili en   who  accompanied   them  on   this  journey  are  here 

birth:     W.    F.  Johns,  who  is  now  a  resident  of 

eth,  who  became  the   wife  of  T.  G.  Grow,  and 

her  age  in  California;  Bennett  W.,  the  subject 

h.  who  died  in  King  county,  Washington,  when  fifteen 

1    I"  .  the  deceased  wife  of  \V.  II.  Mitchell,  whose  history 

1   this  work:  .Mary  B.,  who  married  R.  H. 

■'it.  Washington;   Martin  R.,  of  Olympia;  Belle, 

f  Martin  <  iilver  and  has  also  passed  away;  and  Nora, 

ni  1  [ill. 

1  Washington  was  begun  on  the  1st  of  May, 
the  .ith  of  November,   1853,  the  latter 


,  MOX  AND 


part  of  the  trip  having  been  made  in  canoes  down  the  White  river.  On 
reaching  his  destination  the  father  took  up  a  donation  claim  in  King  county, 
nine  miles  southeast  of  Seattle,  on  the  Duwamish  river,  where  he  engaged  in 
farming  and  stock-raising.  Two  years  after  their  arrival  here  the  Indian  war 
broke  out,  and  the  family  were  obliged  to  seek  protection  in  Seattle.  The 
father  and  two  older  boys  were  volunteers  in  the  war,  serving  three  months 
in  the  First  and  six  months  in  the  Second  Regiment,  and  were  in  the  fight 
at  Seattle  in  1856  when  the  Indians  attacked  the  city.  While  the  family 
were  at  breakfast  they  were  driven  from  their  home  in  the  suburbs,  and  dur- 
ing that  night  the  house  was  ransacked  of  all  that  the  Indians  thought  worth 
taking.  But  their  worst  misfortune  was  the  stealing  of  the  winter's  supply 
of  flour.  The  father  and  the  boys  had  raised  the  wheat  on  their  own  land, 
the  former  sowing  in  the  morning  as  much  as  the  boys  could  dig  into  the 
ground  and  cover  during  the  rest  of  the  day.  Later  on  this  was  harvested 
in  the  primitive  fashion  of  the  time  and  was  threshed  with  a  flail  and  win- 
nowed in  the  wind.  Then  the  precious  grain  was  taken  by  Mr.  Johns  and 
Mr.  John  Collins  and  others,  in  a  flatbottonied;  ;scow  to-  Olympia,  where  it 
was  ground,  and  the  flour  was  then  brought  to  Seattle,  and  placed  in  A.  A. 
Denny's  store,  where  it  remained  until'  the  night  of  tlit  Indian  ravage. 

With  characteristic  energy,  however,  Mr.  Johns  set  .about  the  task  of 
retrieving  his  lost  possessions,  and  after  residing  on  bis  farm  for  several  vears 
he  rented  it  and  removed  to  Seattle,  where  hediv.ed  until  within  a  few  months 
of  his  death,  and  then  went  to  Olympia,  where  he  made  his  home  with  his 
daughter,  Mrs.  William  H.  Mitchell,  until  his  death,  in  1879,  when  he  had 
reached  the  seventy-seventh  milestone  on  the  journey  of  life. 

Bennett  W.  Johns,  the  second  son  of  this  worthy  old  pioneer,  was  but 
fourteen  years  of  age  when  he  accompanied  the  family  on  the  long  and  peril- 
ous journey  to  the  Evergreen  state.  He  made  the  trip  on  horseback  and 
drove  their  loose  cattle,  and,  although  they  were  frequently  harassed  by  the 
Indians,  who  drove  off  their  stock,  they  always  succeeded  in  recapturing  the 
most  of  them.  The  education  which  he  had  begun  in  his  native  state  was 
completed  in  Seattle,  Washington,  and  he  remained  with  his  father  on  the 
farm  until  he  was  twenty  years  of  age,  after  which  he  obtained  employment 
in  a  sawmill,  having  been  able  during  the  first  three  months  to  send  his  father 
sixty  dollars.  Going  from  there  to  Fort  Hope,  British  Columbia,  he  engaged 
in  mining  at  Puget  Sound  Bar,  on  Frazer  river,  and  so  well  were  his  services 
rewarded  that  he  was  soon  able  to  send  to  his  father  one  hundred  and  four 
dollars  in  gold  dust.  After  following  the  varied  fortunes  of  a  miner  for 
some  time  he  turned  his  attention  to  the  fur  trade,  in  which  he  also  met  with 
success,  but  in  1869  he  abandoned  that  vocation  and  returned  to  Olympia, 
where  for  the  following  fourteen  years  he  was  engaged  in  the  sawmilling 
business  with  W.  H.  Mitchell.  In  1876  Mr.  Johns  purchased  a  farm  of  six 
hundred  and  forty  acres  on  Bush  Prairie,  since  which  his  time  has  been 
given  to  the  stock  business.  In  addition  to  this  tract  he  also  owns  two  hun- 
dred and  forty  acres  three  miles  from  Olympia  and  a  good  residence  in  the 


The  marriage  of  Mr.   Johns  was  celebrated  in  1872,  when  Miss  Mary 
I.  Vertn  is  wife.     She  was  born  in  Illinois  and  is  a  daughter  of 

Charles  M.  Vei  ilso  of  that  commonwealth.     One  daughter,  Ruth,  was 

'  righten  and  bless  their  home,  and  she  is  now  the  wife  of  A.  S.  Ker- 
:   Franklin  county,  Washington.     Mr.  Johns  is  a  mem- 
church,  in  which  he  has  been  an  officer  since  the  organiza- 
e  church  in  this  city.     Mrs.  Johns  joined  the  church  a  few  months 
after  its  organization.      In  his  political   affiliations   he  has  been  a  life-long 
blican,  and  has  served  as  a  school  director,  as  a  member  of  the  city 
il  of  Tumwater,  this  state,  and  is  active  in  every  movement  and  meas- 
ure intended  to  benefit  the  county  of  his  adoption.     In  his  fraternal  relations 
1  past  noble  grand  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  being 
a  member  of  its  auxiliary,  the  Rebekahs,  and  is  a  past  master  workman 
of  the  Ancient  I  Irder  of  United  Workmen.     His  long  residence  in  Washing- 
g  the  honored  pioneers  of  the  state,  and  he  has  aided  in 
laying  the  foundation  for  the  present  prosperity  and  progress  of  this  portion 
1  if  the  commonwealth. 


out  honored  subject  was  of  Scotch-Irish  origin,  born 

in  the  north  of   Ireland,  whence  he  emigrated  to  America  about  the  middle 

ry.    He  fought  valiantly  in  the  war  of  the  Revolution,  be- 

lieutenant  in  a  Pennsylvania  company,  and  in  the  battle  of  Brandywine 

wounded  reast,  carryingthe  British  bullet  for  twenty  years,  nn- 

He  was  made  lieutenant  colonel  of  the  militia  and  served  eight 

1  army.     His  son,  Peter  Bryan,  settled  in  Ohio  in  1801 

1    ors  of  that  state.     Elias  L.  Bryan,  the  son 

ither  of  the  subject   of  this  biography,  was  born  in 

a   physician  and   first   practiced  his  profession  in 

counties,  Ohio.     In   1S52  he  removed  to  Iowa,  where 

up  to  the  time  of  his  death,  which  occurred  at  the 

is.      His  wife  was  Amelia   Ayres,  of  Scotch 

>'  of  Ohio.     She  departed   this  life  in    1844,   when  the 

h  was  but  two  years  of  age.     (  )n  both  sides  the  ancestors 

Scotch   Presbyterians  and  were  stanch  and  reliable 

;;x:i"   was  born   in    Hancock   county,   Ohio.   August    1 

ted    in   the   public   schools   and    later   in    a   seminary    at 

where  he  was  a  student   until    [861.     When  the  Civil 

'  to  dismember  this  Union  he  answered  to  the  call  of  President 

'"'  enlisted   in  Company   I.  Third  Iowa  Volunteer 

'•",l  his  I   in   Missouri  and  Tennessee  and  par- 

dso  in  the  battle  of  Shiloh,     lie  was  mus- 

During  the  wintei   of    [86]    and   1862   Mr 

1  six  week,  suffering  from  an  attack  of 

»■     fa  the  spring  of  1863  he  again  enlisted  in  Com- 


pany  F,  Seventh  Wisconsin  Volunteer  Infantry,  which  belonged  to  the  Iron 
Brigade,  and  was  a  part  of  the  Army  of  the  Potomac  and  the  First  Army 
Corps.  After  the  battle  of  Gettysburg,  however,  in  which  this  brigade  was 
almost  decimated,  it  was  consolidated  with  the  Fifth  Army  Corps.  Mr. 
Bryan  remained  with  this  regiment  until  the  surrender  of  Lee  at  Appomattox, 
with  the  exception  of  forty-one  days  spent  in  the  hospital  recovering  from 
wounds.  He  had  been  wounded  by  a  buckshot  in  the  leg,  but  continued  writh 
his  regiment  until  he  was  struck  by  a  piece  of  shell  in  the  side,  which  dis- 
abled him  for  service.  Among  the  many  hard-fought  battles  in  which  he  par- 
ticipated were  Shiloh.  Gettysburg  and  the  Wilderness.  He  was  present  at 
Appomattox  Court  House  at  the  time  of  the  surrender  of  Lee.  and  also  took 
part  in  the  grand  review  of  the  victorious  army  at  Washington  after  the  war. 
He  was  mustered  out  on  the  3d  of  July,  1865,  and  for  meritorious  services 
was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  second  lieutenant,  and  also  commanded  his  com- 
pany during  the  absence  of  the  captain. 

Returning  from  the  army  Mr.  Bryan  entered  the  normal  school  at  New 
Hampton,  Iowa,  and  graduated  there  in  1866.  He  then  entered  upon  his 
life-long  profession  as  a  teacher,  first  in  Iowa  and  later  in  Kansas.  He  was 
principal  of  schools  in  Ossawatomie,  Mound  City  and  Pleasanton,  Kansas, 
until  1874,  when  he  was  elected  school  superintendent  of  Linn  count}-.  Kan- 
sas, which  position  he  filled  for  four  years.  In  1880  he  purchased  the  Linn 
County  Clarion,  at  Mound  City,  and  until  1883  devoted  his  attention  to  news- 
paper work.  For  s6me  time  after  that  he  was  in  New  Mexico,  and  in  Cali- 
fornia.for  about  a  year.  His  arrival  at  Olympia  was  on  the  10th  of  Januarv. 
1886.  He  soon  after  began  teaching  at  Montesano.  where  he  continued  until 
1889.  at  which  date  Washington  was  admitted  as  a  state  and  Mr.  Bryan  was 
chosen  as  the  first  superintendent  of  instruction.  The  splendid  school  system 
of  the  state  of  Washington  is  largely  due  to  the  aggressive  ideas  of  Mr. 
Bryan.  Upon  retiring  from  that  office  in  1893  he  removed  to  Aberdeen  and 
was  there  superintendent  of  the  city  schools  for  six  years.  In  1900  he  was 
nominated  again  for  superintendent  of  instruction  of  the  state,  and  in  this 
office  he  is  now  creditably  serving.  It  may  be  said  that  Mr.  Bryan  was  born 
to  his  profession  and  is  in  his  native  element  when  in  the  schoolroom.  An 
enthusiastic,  patient  and  progressive  teacher,  he  has  promoted  the  interests  of 
education  along  all  lines. 

Professor  Brvan  was  married  in  1869.  at  Buckingham.  Iowa,  to  Miss 
Nancv  R.  Hitchner,  a  native  of  the  state  of  Ohio.  Two  children  have  been 
born  to  them :  Grace,  the  wife  of  R.  E.  Dandy,  cashier  of  the  Northwestern 
Lumber  Companv  at  Hoquiam;  and  Robert  W..  who  is  a  merchant  and  elec- 
trician residing  at  Aberdeen.  On  the  29th  of  July.  1894.  Mrs.  Bryan  was 
called  to  her  final  rest.  A  lady  of  refined,  quiet  and  amiable  character,  her 
loss  was  deeply  felt  by  her  husband  and  family.  In  October.  1898.  Professor 
Brvan  took  as  his  second  wife  May  L.  Arnold,  a  native  of  Iowa.  The  family 
are  members  of  the  Unitarian  church.  Mr.  Bryan  has  been  a  member  of  the 
Masonic  order  since  1868,  and  was  a  thrice  past  master  of  the  blue  lodge. 
He  is  also  a  Roval  Arch  Mason  and  is  now  scribe  of  Olympia  Chapter  No.  7. 
While  in  Kansas  he  became  a  member  of  the  Grand  \rmy  of  the  Republic 
soon  after  the  order  was  organized,  and  has  ever  taken  an  active  part  in  the 


nization.     Coming  of  a  long  line  of  eminent  ancestors,  with  remarkable 
-  a  educator,  with  long  service  as  a  patriot  for  the  preservation  of 
ss  in  all  the  affairs  of  life,  Mr.  Bryan  may  look  with 
upon  the  future  ami  view  with  no  apprehension  the  life  to  come. 


a  Sullivan,  chief  of  police,  Seattle,  Washington,  was  bom  April  12, 
1  Koine.  Oneida  county,  New    York,  son  of  Timothy  and  Mary  Sulli- 
latives  of  Ireland.      His   father  died   in   1890.  and  his  mother  is  now  a 
la.      Of  the  eight   children  composing  the   Sullivan   family, 
ord  that  Jeremiah  is  a  miner,  residing  in  Canada;  James,  engaged  in 
ig,  lives  in  Alaska:  Timothy,  also  a  miner,  is  a  resident  of  San  Fran- 
fornia;    Patrick,   a    farmer,    lives  in    Canada;   Ann   is   the   wife  of 
1    mada;  Mary,  wife  of  Michael  Cororan,  Nanaimo,  Brit- 
ish (  olumbia :  I  lorn  ire,  wife  of  John  Toole,  of  Canada. 

Sullivan  received  a  common  school  education  in  Canada,  his  parents 
:'  moved   to    Nova   Scotia   in   his   infancy.      Leaving  school   in    1869, 
to  work  in  the  coal  mines  near  his  home,  in  Nova  Scotia,  and  was 
I  I   en    For  a  period  of  six  years.     In  1875  he  went  to  Victoria 
nid  the  IK  to    \laska,  up  the  Stickeen  river,  on  a  prospecting  trip  of 

li-.  after  which  he  returned  to  British  Columbia,  and  remained  there, 
coal  mines  in  the  vicinity  of  Nanaimo,  until  1880.     In  1880 
il  remained  here  then  only  a  short  time.     The  next  eight 
11  the  New  Castle  coal  mines,  and  while  there  was  appointed 
1  mine  inspector  under  Governor  Semple,  in  which  capacity  he 
of  two  years.     After  this  he   joined  the  Seattle  police  force, 
d  efficient  service  soon  gained  for  him  promotion  from  patrol- 
mi.  then  to  captain,  and  in  June,   1901,  he  was  appointed  chief 
r  Humes.     Th     office  is  under  civil  service  rules  and  is  practically 
s  writing  the  police  force  under  him  consists  of  eighty-six 
and  sergeants.     While  Air.  Sullivan  is  a  Republican, 
ive  pari  in  politics,  as  under  civil  service  order  office  is  removed 

an   was  married   August ,    [886,   to   Miss  Sarah   Ann  Tosh,   a 
Hid  a  Adam   Tosh,  who   is  now  engaged   in 

h  Lake      Mrs.  Sullivan  is  of  Irish  descent.    They  have  two 
laughter,  Vdam  Charles,  Leo  and  Mar)    \.gnes. 

WILLI  \\1     D,    CLARKE. 

m  is  numbered  William  D.  Clarke,  who  was 

V.pril,   1866,  in   Pittsburg,   Pennsylvania,     lie  is  a 

a  native  of  Ireland,  who  came  to  the  United  States  in 

ii  "  the  Emerald   Isle  he  crossed  the    Atlantic  to  the 

ania,  where  he  lived  for  many 

busim         treei    he  was  employed  as  an  accountant. 

■  •'  daughtet  of  Captain  Henry  Eaton  and  a  native 


of  the  Keystone  state,  representing  an  old  American  family.  Air.  and  Mrs. 
Clarke  became  the  parents  of  seven  sons  and  a  daughter:  Henry  E.,  Joseph 
D.,  William  D.,  Robert,  John,  Frank,  Charlie  and  Mollie.  The  father  was 
called  to  his  final  rest  in  1898  when  sixty-eight  years  of  age,  but  the  mother 
is  still  living,  now  making  her  home  in  Newcastle.  Pennsylvania,  at  the  age 
of  seventy-three  years. 

In  the  public  schools  of  Newcastle,  Pennsylvania,  William  D.  Clarke  pur- 
sued his  education  until  he  had  reached  the  age  of  sixteen.  He  then  put  aside 
his  text  books  to  enter  upon  his  business  career  and  learn  the  more  difficult 
lessons  in  the  school  of  experience.  He  was  engaged  in  clerking  in  a  clothing 
store  at  Newcastle  and  there  remained  until  1888,  when  he  came 
to  Seattle  and  has  since  been  interested  in  the  growing  northwest  and 
its  wonderful  development.  He  became  identified  with  the  business  affairs  of 
Seattle  as  a  clothing  salesman,  and  continued  in  that  line  until  1892,  when  he 
went  to  Tacoma,  remaining  a  resident  of  the  latter  city  until  1897.  In  that 
year  he  returned  to  Seattle,  where  he  resided  until  1900,  when  he  came  to 

In  September,  1900,  Mr.  Clarke  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
Margaret  Horsfall,  a  native  of  Illinois,  wdio  went  to  Tacoma  during  her  girl- 
hood days  with  her  parents  and  located  in  that  city  in  1884.  She  is  a  daughter 
of  John  and  Kate  Horsfall,  both  of  whom  are  natives  of  England.  The  young 
couple  have  many  friends  in  Everett,  having  during  their  residence  here 
gained  the  confidence  and  good  will  of  all  with  whom  they  have  been  brought 
in  contact.  Mr.  Clarke  is  quite  well  known  in  fraternal  circles,  being  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks,  the  Improved  Order  of 
Red  men  and  the  Woodmen  of  the  World.  His  political  support  is  given  to 
the  Republican  party,  and  in  1902  he  was  elected  justice  of  the  peace  of  the 
city  of  Everett  for  a  term  of  two  years.  Mr.  Clarke  is  a  young  man  of 
marked  determination  and  force  of  character,  and  he  possesses  the  enterprising 
spirit  so  typical  of  the  northwest.  In  his  own  business  career  he  has  brooked 
no  obstacles  that  could  be  overcome  by  determined  effort  and  persistent  pur- 
pose, and  along  the  legitimate  lines  of  trade  he  has  won  creditable  success. 


One  of  the  successful  business  men  of  Tacoma  is  Alpheus  Davidson,  the 
proprietor  of  one  of  the  leading  drug  stores  in  the  city,  in  which  is  also 
located  the  sub-postal  station  No.  7.  He  was  born  in  Keptville,  Canada,  on 
the  17th  of  December,  1858,  and  is  of  Scotch  ancestry.  He  is  a  son  of  Alex- 
ander and  Alzira  (Hicks)  Davidson,  natives  respectively  of  Glasgow.  Scot- 
land, and  of  Canada.  The  father  emigrated  to  Canada  in  his  youth,  where 
he  was  engaged  in  contracting  and  building  and  also  in  the  real  estate  bus- 
iness, and  he  attained  to  the  age  of  seventy-four  years,  passing  away  in  death 
in  1900,  in  the  faith  of  the  Presbyterian  church,  of  which  he  had  been  long 
a  faithful  and  devoted  member.  His  widow  still  survives,  and  has  now 
reached  the  age  of  sixty-six  years.  To  this  worthy  couple  were  born  six 
children,  three  sons  and  three  daughters,  and  the  subject  of  this  review  is  the 
only  representative  of  the   family  in  Washington. 


Vlpheus   Davidson  received  his  literary  education  in  the  public  schools 

ility,  and  is  also  a  graduate  of  the  Montreal   College  of 

1  [e  began  his  life  work  as  a  clerk  in  a  drug  store,  and  ere  leaving 

his  native  land  he  was  for  six  years  in  the  drug  business  on  Ins  own  account. 

business  in  Tacoma,  Washington,  on  the  corner  of  Eleventh 

,.t  avenue,   where  he  has  ever  since  enjoyed  a   large  and 

lucrative  patronage.     Since  his  arrival  in  this  city  twelve  years  ago,  he  has 

;  ,  many  of  its  leading  interests,  and  has  done  all  in  his 

promote  its  progress  and  improvement.    He  is  now  serving  as  secre- 

v  of  the  Retail  Druggists'    Association;  is  vice  president  of  the  Pacific  Oil 

Well  Company— three  wells  are  now  being  sunk;  is  a  stockholder  in  the  large 

natch  erected   in  Tacoma;  and  is  an  executive  officer  of  the 

Musi  ;    institution   which   reflects  much  credit   on  the  city  and 

which  ha  the     upport  of  a  number  of  the  best  citizens  of  Tacoma. 

.     tee  of  this  institution.     1  lis  political  support  is  given  to  the 

men  and  measures  of  the  Republican  party. 

In  i-  elel     ited  the  marriage  of  .Mr.  Davidson  and  Miss  Gertrude 

Lawn  Ltive  of  Quebec,   Canada,  and  a  daughter  of  George  W. 

n  ■..  e.    '  >ne  son  has  been  horn  to  this  union,  to  whom  has  been  given  the 

f  Guy   Lawrence.     Mrs.    Davidson  is  the  secretary  of  the  Home  for 

an  Children,  having  been  connected  with  this  humane  institution  during 

-t  four  years,  and  she  is  also  a  valued  member  of  the  Episcopal  church. 

s  religious  preference  is  indicated  by  his  membership  with  the 

•rian  denomination,  and  in  his  fraternal  relations  he  is  a  member  of  the 

nd  Protective  <  Irder  of  Elks,  the  Foresters  and  the  Royal  Tribe 

1  fe  enjoys  the  high  regard  of  his  fellow  men,  and  is  widely  and 

rably   known   throughout    Tacoma   and    Pierce  county. 

llo.X.   RALPH    O.   DUNBAR. 

of    the    law,  when  clothed    with    its    true    dignity,  purity 

i,  inu>t  rank  first  among  the  callings  of  men.  for  law  rules  the 

i-  work  of  the  legal  profession  is  to  formulate,  to  harmonize,  to 

si.  to  administer  those  rules  and  principles  that  underlie  and 

eminent  a  ety  and  control  the  varied  relations  of  men. 

the  legal  profession  a  nobleness  that  can- 

I  in  the  life  of  the  true  lawyer,  who,  rising  to  the  responsi- 

n,  embraces  the  richness  of  learning,  the  firmness  of 

morals,  together  with  the  graces  and  modesty  and 

1  If  such  a  type  is  Judge  Dunbar  a  representa- 

a  de<  member  of  the  supreme  court  of  the  state, 

ms  as  chief  justice  of  Washington,  and  the  honors 

n  him  have  been  worthily  won  and  well  worn. 

Schuyler  count).    Illinois,  his  birth  having 

\pril.    [845.      Me  comes  of  Scotch  ancestry,  and  his 

ian,   while  his   father.    Uice  Dunbar,  was 

['he   killer   was   :,    carpenter   and   builder,   and.    removing   to 

1  lowed  his  chosen  vocation  for  a  number 


of  years.  He  was  married  in  that  state  to  Miss  Jane  Miller  Brisbin,  a  native 
of  Pennsylvania,  descended  from  one  of  the  old  Dutch  families  of  that  state. 

Nine  children  were  horn  to  them  in  Illinois,  and  in  1846  Rice  Dunbar 
brought  his  wife  and  children  across  the  plains  to  Oregon,  journeying  with 
an  ox  team.  Mr.  Dunbar  was  chosen  captain  of  the  company,  and  with  them 
traveled  the  Donner  party,  who  eventually  left  the  Dunbar  party  to  take  a 
cut-off,  and  met  with  great  disaster  and  loss  of  life,  which  has  become  an 
incident  of  the  history  of  those  times.  Mr.  Dunbar's  party  traveled  through 
the  Klamath  country  and  on  the  1st  of  January,  1S47,  arrived  in  Oregon. 
They  had  all  of  their  stock  stolen  from  them  by  the  Indians,  and  hence 
were  obliged  to  leave  their  wagons  and  many  of  their  necessary  articles.  The 
Judge's  mother  rode  an  old  horse,  the  only  one  they  had,  and  carried  the 
future  jurist,  then  an  infant  in  his  first  year.  When  they  arrived  in  Salem 
they  were  without  money  and  provisions,  and  they  lived  that  first  winter 
almost  entirely  upon  boiled  peas.  The  country  was  full  of  savage  Indians, 
and  the  women  were  constantly  in  a  state  of  terror.  Added  to  this  were  many 
hardships  and  privations.  The  poorest  grade  of  sugar  sold  for  a  dollar  per 
pound  and  other  provisions  were  equally  high,  so  that  the  family  suffered 
greatly  for  want  of  the  things  to  which  they  had  previously  been  accustomed. 
Separated  far  from  their  former  home  and  friends,  constantly  facing  danger 
and  doing  without  what  had  hitherto  seemed  necessary  to  their  daily  existence, 
the  condition  of  these  worthy  pioneers  was  anything  but  enviable,  and  it 
is  to  them  and  others  that  the  state  owes  the  foundation  upon  which  has  been 
reared  the  superstructure  of  her  present  prosperity  and  greatness.  The  sacri- 
fices they  made  and  the  hardships  they  endured  were  the  means  of  opening  up 
this  region  to  a  latter  civilization,  and  to  them  is  due  a  debt  of  gratitude  that 
can  never  be  repaid. 

Mr.  Dunbar  began  to  work  at  his  trade,  building  sawmills,  gristmills 
and  houses,  but  times  continued  hard  with  the  pioneers,  and  in  1849  he  went 
to  the  gold  fields  of  California,  hoping  that  there  he  might  more  rapidly 
acquire  a  competency.  The  wife  and  children  were  thus  left  almost  entirely 
at  the  mercy  of  the  savages.  He  had  taken  a  donation  claim  ten  miles  east 
of  Salem,  and  after  mining  for  some  time  in  the  Shasta  gold  diggings  he 
returned  to  his  family  and  claim.  Improving  the  property,  he  transformed  it 
into  a  fine  farm  and  continued  to  reside  thereon  until  1869,  when  he  removed 
to  Salem,  where  he  made  his  home  until  his  death,  which  occurred  in  187 1, 
when  he  was  sixty-nine  years  of  age.  He  was  a  brave,  strong  man,  but  much 
exposure  and  hard  toil  shortened  his  life.  He  had  ever  been  a  lover  of  liberty, 
and  was  a  strong  Republican  from  the  organization  of  the  party.  His  faith- 
ful pioneer  wife  departed  this  life  in  1858,  at  the  age  of  forty-nine  years. 
She  was  a  member  of  the  Methodist  church,  and  was  a  very  conscientious, 
good  Christian  woman.  The  children  who  crossed  the  plains  were  Mary 
Ellen,  Eliza  Jane.  William  Rice,  Delia  and  Ralph  Oregon,  the  last-named 
being  the  Judge,  to  whom  the  second  name  was  given  because  he  was  brought 
across  the  plains  in  his  first  year.  Three  children  were  born  in  Oregon,  Oscar, 
Elizabeth  and  Frances.  The  three  sons  are  living  and  two  of  the  daughters. 
Eliza  J.  became  the  wife  of  Clark  Crandle  and  since  his  death  has  become 
Mrs.   Reynolds,  her  home  being  in  Los  Gatos,  California;  Elizabeth  is  the 


widow  of  Kirk  Ward,  and  resides  in  Seattle;  William  Rice  is  register  of  the 
land  office  at  Vancouver. 

Judge  Dunbar  was  educated   in  the   Willamette  University,  and  while 
acquiring  his  education  also  engaged  in  teaching  for  two  years.     He  read  law 
in  Salem,  and  in  Olympia  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in   1867,  and  began  the 
practice  oi  his  profession  in  Olympia,  being  admitted  to  practice  before  the 
supreme  court  in    1807.     His  success  came  soon  because  his  equipment  was 
i.  because  he  prepared  his  cases  with  great  thoroughness  and  precision 
and  because  of  his  earnest  devotion  to  the  interests  of  his  clients.     He  con- 
tinued in  active  practice  until   1869,  in  which  year  he  was  appointed  clerk  of 
the   I  nited  States  district  court  by  Chief  Justice  Orange  Jacobs,  filling  that 
until  1871.      lie  then  resigned  and  removed  to  Yakima,  where  he  again 
opened  an  office  and  soon  secured  a  distinctively  representative  clientage.     In 
[875  he  became  a  resident  of  The  Dalles,  Oregon,  where  he  practiced  for  two 
years,  and  in   1S77  he  established  his  home  and  opened  his  office  in  Golden- 
dale.  Washington.     The  following  year  he  was  elected  a  member  of  the  terri- 
luncil  and   was  also  elected  probate  judge  of   Klickitat  county.     In 
[880   he   was   elected  prosecuting  attorney   for   Klickitat,   Kittitas,   Yakima, 
(  larke  and  Skamania  counties,  and  his  prompt  and  faithful  discharge  of  his 
duties  won  him  high  commendation.    In  1885  he  was  elected  to  represent  his 
district   in  the  lower   house  of  the  territorial  legislature,   and  upon  the  as- 
sembling of  the  house  was  chosen  speaker.     He  also  served  for  several  terms 
i  f  attorney  of  Goldendale,  and  each  position  which  he  filled  found  him  a 
capable  and  trustworthy  incumbent,  so  that  his  popularity  constantly  grew  as 
the  people  recognized  Ins  worth.     From  1880  until  1886  Judge  Dunbar  was 
ed.,tor  and   proprietor  of   the  Goldendale  Sentinel,   strongly  supporting  the 
pnn<  the  Republican  party.     In  1889  he  represented  the  eleventh  dis- 

trict in  the  constitutional  convention  and  took  an  important  part  in  framing 
the  organic  law  ol  the  state,     i  [e  was  the  chairman  of  the  committee  on  tide 
government    lands,  and   was  the  author  of  the  constitutional  article  on 
7'1" "  '  ■ '   ' :    ' ».  at  the  first  state  convention,  he  was  a  prominent  can- 

ate.  '"'    '  °ngress  and   lacked  only  three  votes  of  securing  the  nomination 
in  the  same  convention  be  was  unanimously  nominated  for  the  position  of 
supreme  judge,   to  which   important  office  he  was  elected  by  a  lar°-e  ma- 
in January,    [893,  after  serving  three  years  as  associate  justice    he 

"fawJ°,Sen    '>'  hlS  :r  Ui:iU'  mCmberS  °f  thc  court  of  aPPeals  as  chief  justice 
',''  U  *n  »ng  for  a  term  of  five  years  was  re-elected  in 

n  in  1900,  so  that  he  has  served  upon  the  supreme  bench  of  his 
re  than  a  dei 

II     demonstrated  bis  ability  to  handle  the  intricate 
'■'■  "ll1  are  Present<  '  tothe  '•"'"  of  last  resort.    The  leeal  Profession 

':;;T:-{  h*g  "nK"       ty> and  the  j"'1— ■  ^J^tr^" 

mbination  oi  talent,  learning,  tact,  patience  and  industry      The 

"'  ltl.,o  „„,,,,„.    judge  must' be  a  man  of  winced 

miliar  with  the  law  and   practice,  of  comprehensive 

''  ^fr,at"  3ed  "'"  an  analytical  mind  and  a  s^SSftS 

v.ll  enable  .,,,,,  to  lose  his  individuality,  his  persona,  Feelings   his  preTudice 

ind  l„s  peculiarities  ol  disposition  in  the  dignity,  impartiality  and  equity  o 


the  office  to  which  life,  property,  right  and  liberty  must  look  for  protection. 
Possessing  these  qualifications,  Judge  Dunbar  justly  merits  the  high  honor 
which  has  been  conferred  upon  him  in  his  thrice-repeated  election  to  the 
supreme  court  of  Washington. 

In  1873,  in  Yakima  county,  Judge  Dunbar  was  united  in  marriage  to 
Miss  Clara  White,  a  native  of  Portland,  Oregon,  and  a  daughter  of  William 
N.  White,  a  pioneer  of  185 1,  who  was  murdered  by  the  Indians  in  1856.  The 
Judge  and  Mrs.  Dunbar  have  three  children,  Fred,  Ruth  and  John,  all  still 
at  home  with  their  parents.  Mrs.  Dunbar  is  a  valued  member  of  the  Con- 
gregational church.  During  his  earlier  life,  while  not  on  the  bench, 
the  Judge  was  a  very  active  Republican,  doing  much  campaign  work  to  pro- 
mote the  success  of  his  party  and  its  principles,  but  he  never  allows  political 
labors  or  partisanship  to  interfere  in  the  slightest  degree  with  the  faithful  per- 
formance of  his  duties.  He  has  always  taken  a  lively  interest  in  hue  stock, 
both  horses  and  cattle,  and  he  finds  pleasure  and  needed  recreation  in  the 
supervision  of  his  fine  stock  farm  of  two  hundred  and  eighty  acres,  a  few 
miles  distant  from  Olympia.  He  is  raising  some  fine  imported  red  polled 
cattle,  of  which  he  has  some  choice  prize  animals,  and  he  also  has  on  another 
farm  a  band  of  Jersey  cattle.  For  some  years  he  has  also  bred  good  horses 
of  the  Hambletonian,  Membrino  and  Altamont  stock.  During  the  periods 
of  his  summer  rest  he  takes  great  delight  in  camping  at  this  farm.  The  Judge 
and  his  family  have  a  nice  home  in  Olympia,  and  he  has  a  very  wide  acquaint- 
ance throughout  the  state.  He  is  justly  regarded  as  one  of  the  most  eminent 
jurists  of  the  northwest,  deserving  the  high  encomiums  which  are  bestowed 
upon  his  life  work  by  the  members  of  the  profession  and  the  general  public. 


Fred  A.  Hegg,  a  member  of  the  Union  Mercantile  Company,  dealers  in 
general  merchandise  at  Sedro  Woolley,  Washington,  is  a  native  of  Iowa,  born 
at  Decorah,  December  22,  i860.  His  parents  are  natives  of  Norway.  Anton 
Hegg,  his  father,  came  to  America  when  a  young  man  and  engaged  in  farm- 
ing, which  occupation  he  followed  successfully  for  a  number  of  years.  He 
is  now  living  retired  in  Decorah,  Iowa.  His  wife,  whose  maiden  name  was 
Gunhilda  Olson,  was  born  in  Drammond,  Norway.  Their  family  of  three 
sons  and  two  daughters  are  now  settled  in  homes  of  their  own.  Oscar  is  a 
resident  of  Leroy,  Minnesota;  Adolph  is  on  the  old  homestead  in  Iowa;  Char- 
lotte is  the  wife  of  Andrew  Sagen,  of  Lacrosse,  Wisconsin;  Henrietta  is  the 
wife  of  Eric  Solland,  of  Decorah,  Iowa. 

Fred  A.  Hegg  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native  town  and 
at,  St.  Olaf  College,  Northfield,  Minnesota,  where  he  graduated  in  1878. 
After  his  graduation  Mr.  Hegg  began  his  business  career  as  a  clerk  in  a 
general  merchandise  store  in  Decorah,  Iowa,  and  was  thus  occupied  there 
for  four  years.  In  1882  he  went  to  Colorado  and  a  year  later  to  Oregon,  in 
the  latter  state  giving  his  attention  to  farming  and  carrying  on  agricultural 
pursuits  until  1889.  That  year  he  came  to  Washington,  and  at  Fairhaven 
started  a  grocery  store,  which  he  conducted  two  years.  He  came  to  Sedro 
Woolley  in  1891  and  established  himself  in  the  grocery  business,  and,  with 


rt  time  when  he  dealt  in  hardware,  he  has  been  in  the 

nee       In    [893  he  bought  an  interest  in  the  Green 

lingle  Company,  and  the  new  firm  took  the  name  of  the  Union  Mercantile 

and    its         cers   are   as    follows:     Emerson    Hammer,   president; 

skey,  vice  president;  A.  W.  Davison,  treasurer;  and  F.  A.  Hegg, 


Mr.  Hegg  was  first  married  in  t886  to  Miss  Mollie  Douglass,  a  daughter 

[On  g  n.     She  died  in  1896,  leaving  four  children,  two 

1  two  daughters,  William  Anton,  Earle,  May  and  Mildred.     In  1899 

I  Miss  Fannie  Bishop,  a  native  of  Indiana,  and  their  union 

ed  in  the  birth  of  a  daughter.  Florence,  and  a  son.     Mr.  Hegg  is 

I  .utheran  church  and  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows. 


To  feel  in  the  closing  days  of  his  long  life  that  he  has  followed  nature's 
laws  that  he  has  not  lived  for  self  alone,  that  he  has  helped  and  up- 
many  of  his   fellow   men,   and   that  through   trials   and   difficulties   he 
-  won  a  high  and  honored  position  in  society,  all  these  things  and  many 
the  rewards  plendid  career  of  Robert  Kincaid,  who  stands 

in  the  front  rank  of  physicians  and  surgeons  in  Olympia.     No  estimate  too 
h  can  be  set  on  the  works  of  such  a  man,  and  it  is  hoped  that  the  brief 
I  of  the  main  events  of  his  career,  which  is  all  that  can  be  attempted  in 
I  this  kind,  will  be  an  incentive  to  those  who  come  after  him  to 
higher  and  nobler  living,  fur  it  is  in  biography  alone  that  the  best  stimulus 

Kincaid  was  George  Kincaid,  who  owned  a  large 
•    in  North   Ireland;  his  Forefathers  were  of  Scotch  descent,  and  settled 
in   Ireland  during  the  reign  of  King  James  the  First,  about  the  year   1609. 
beth  Virtue,  of  English  stock.     George  Kincaid  died  in 
s  thirty  sixth   year,   when   our  subject    was  only   four  years  of  age.      The 
I  ttle   family  of  three  sons  and  a  daughter,  emigrated 
nd   took   up  her  residence  in   Petersburg,   where   she  lived   till 
her  death  in  !  iv  sixth  year,  and  over  her  last  resting  place  her  grate- 

ful children  hav<  a  beautiful   monument.     One  of  the  sons,   John, 

ernmenl  office  in  Canada. 

born  on  the  10th  day  of  June,  1832,  in  the  famous 

il,    North    Ireland,  a  country  which  has  given  us   four  of  our 

He  was  trained  for  life's  work  in  the  Queen's  University  and 

in  the  1.  rtment  in  1862  with  the  degree  of  M.  D.     He 

ted   States  and  served  as  surgeon  in  the  army  during 

of  the  (  1.  il   war,  at    Washington  and  on  Governor's  Island, 

1    tor  of  the  state  of  Maine.     Returning 

the  ill  health  of  his  mother,  he  engaged   in   the 

cine  in  Petersburg  for  a  quarter  of  a  century.     During  this 

1  the  citj  of  Petersburg,  surgeon  of  that  county,  sur- 

ind  Rail  Canada,  and  surgeon  of  the  troops  with 

nel  in  the  British  army.    And  in  the  course  of  twenty- 

1  re  he  held  every  office  in  the  gift  of  the  people  of  his 


city  and  county,  and  was  finally  elected  member  of  the  Canadian  parliament. 

Owing  to  ill  health  he  was  forced  to  give  up  his  residence  here  and 
seek  a  more  salubrious  climate,  finally  selecting  Olympia,  where  he  settled  in 
1888.  His  health  immediately  improved,  and  he  has  since  engaged  in  the 
practice  of  his  profession,  gaining  eminent  success.  The  Doctor  invested 
in  lands  and  made  a  fortune,  but  with  many  others  in  the  great  financial 
panic  in  1893  'ost  most  of  his  gains.  But  feeling  that  he  must  above  all  give 
his  children  an  education,  he  sent  them  to  the  Washington  State  University, 
the  mother  going  with  them  to  provide  a  home. 

Dr.  Kincaid's  marriage  had  occurred  in  1865,  and  his  wife  was  Mar- 
garet Bell,  a  daughter  of  James  Bell,  manager  of  the  Commercial  Bank  of 
Canada  and  register  of  the  county  of  Lanark.  They  are  the  parents  of 
five  children :  The  eldest  son,  Traver  Charles  Digby,  is  now  professor  of 
zoology  in  the  Washington  State  University  and  is  regarded  as  one  of  the 
most  scientific  men  in  the  country  for  his  years ;  the  daughter,  Loe  Rowena, 
is  a  graduate  of  the  university  with  the  class  of  1901  and  is  a  large  con- 
tributor to  the  magazines  and  periodicals ;  Kenneth  George  is  in  the  hospital 
service  of  the  regular  army,  was  in  charge  of •thej'Presidio  hospital  in  San 
Francisco  and  with  the  famous  United  -States  '  Fourth  Cavalry,  and  is  now 
at  Angel's  Island,  California,  examining  'sdl'diers'  from  the  Philippines,  thus 
without  doubt  having  a  bright  futiire  before  him ;  the  oldest  son  has  a 
mechanical  genius  and  is  employed  as  engineer  by  the  Northern  Pacific  Rail- 
road at  Seattle ;  and  the  ten-year-old  daughter,  Airdrie,  who  was  born  in 
Olympia,  is  attending  school  at  Seattle  and  is  at  the  head  of  her  class,  giving 
promise  of  being  the  brightest  one  of  a  very  bright  family. 

Doctor  Kincaid  is  the  oldest  man  in  the  medical  profession  in  the  city ; 
he  is  the  physician  and  a  member  of  about  ten  of  the  fraternal  societies  of 
Olympia,  is  the  health  officer,  and  president  of  the  pension  board.  While 
in  Canada  he  was  deputy  grand  master  of  the  Masonic  order.  Although 
past  the  age  of  threescore  and  ten,  he  still  enjoys  remarkably  good  health  and 
attends  to  his  large  practice  with  all  the  vigor  of  youth.  He  has  had  a  long 
career  as  physician,  and  night  or  day,  snushine  or  storm,  he  has  always 
been  ready  to  go  to  the  aid  of  the  suffering,  and  the  gratitude  of  those  he 
has  aided  has  been  more  precious  to  him  than  all  pecuniary  rewards;  and 
in  this  lies  the  secret  of  his  success,  that  he  has  ever  been  willing  to  lend 
a  helping  hand,  and,  although  reverses  have  come  to  him,  and  his  life  has 
not  been  a  bed  of  roses,  he  now  holds  the  esteem  of  all  because  of  his  noble 
and  sincere  character. 


The  business  interests  of  the  city  of  Sedro  Woolley,  Washington,  has 
an  enterprising  factor  in  the  subject  of  this  review,  Norris  Ormsby.  Mr. 
Ormsby  was  born  October  24,  1856,  in  Shelby  county,  Illinois,  and  comes  of 
Irish  and  Scotch  ancestry.  His  father.  John  J.  Ormsby,  was  a  native  of  the 
Emerald  Isle  and  a  respected  citizen  of  this  country.  While  filling  the  office 
of  sheriff  of  Fremont  county,  Iowa,  in  June,  1866,  he  was  killed  while  in  the 


i  arresting  a  man  charged  with  murder.  Mr.  Ormsby's  mother,  Nancy 
(Martin)  Ormsby,  was  born  in  Indiana,  of  Scotch  descent,  her  family  having 
long  resided  in  America.  John  J.  and  Nancy  Ormsby  reared  a  family  of  six 
children,  thro  and  three  daughters,  all  of  whom  are  now  residents  of 

the  state  of  Washington,  except  one  daughter,  Ion,  who  is  married  and  settled 
on  a  farm  in  Oregon.  The  other  daughters  reside  in  Sedro  Woolley,  they 
being  (  lara,  wife  of  B.  L).  Vandevaer,  and  Minnie,  wife  of  F.  A.  Douglass, 
a  druggist.  John  Ormsby  is  engaged  in  the  saloon  business  in  Sedro  Wool- 
ley,  and  \\  illiam  (  >rmsby  is  a  farmer  in  Washington. 

Norris  Ormsb)  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Iowa,  to 
which  state  his  parents  moved  when  he  was  a  small  boy.  At  the  early  age  of 
ten  years  he  began  to  support  himself.  His  first  employment  was  in  a  dry 
goods  store,  where  he  worked  for  four  or  five  years,  after  which  he  was  for 
sixteen  years  in  a  livery  stable.  Leaving  Iowa,  he  went  to  Kansas,  where 
he  remained  two  years,  and  thence  came  to  his  present  location  in  Washington. 
Here  he  engaged  in  the  drug  business  with  his  brother-in-law,  F.  A.  Doug- 

but  at  the  end  of  one  year  sold  out  and  turned  his  attention  to  draying, 
buying  a  span  of  mules  and  dray,  and  in  this  business  he  has  been  engaged 
ever  since.  Subsequently  he  opened  up  a  feed  store,  dealing  in  hay  and 
grain  and  also  coal,  which  he  has  conducted  successfully,  having  as  his  partner 
In-  son-in  law,  J.  B.  Holbrook. 

Mr.  (  (rmsby  is  a  Democrat,  and  in  local  politics  has  always  taken  an  active 

nice  he  came  west,      lie  has  been  representative  to  county  conventions, 

and  has  been  on  the  city  council  oi   Woolley  and  Sedro  ever  since  they  were 

porated.      When  these  towns  were  consolidated  he  was  elected  mayor. 

Prior  to  the  i  ition  he  was  mayor  of  Woolley  two  terms.     At  present 

he  is  a  member  ui  the  council.     Public-spirited  and  enterprising  and  with  an 

earnesl  de  ire  to  promote  the  best  interests  of  the  people  of  the  town,  Norris 

s  influence  has  for  years  been  felt  in  the  locality  in  which  he  lives. 

Mr.  Ormsby  was  married  .May   11.  1878,  in  Atchison  county,  Missouri, 
Talliferro,  a  native  of    Monroe  county,   Missouri,  of  French 

nt.     The)  have  one  daughter,  Hallie,  who  is  the  wife  of  J.  B.  Holbrook. 

ernally    Mr.    Ormsby    is    identified    with    the    Knights   of    Pythias   and 
l<  5, 


I     Hohl,    1  prosperous  dealer  in  hay  and   grain,  was  born  Feb- 

in  Hokah,  Houston  county,  Minnesota,  and  is  a  son  of  Jacob 

a  native  of  I  iermany,  who  came  to  this  country  as  a  boy.     By  trade  he 

mith,  and  died  in  [864  in  the  service  of  the  federal  army,  Fifty- 

1  Minnesota  Volunteer  Infantry.    His  wife  was  Catherine  Buehle'r  Hohl, 

a  native  ol  Germany,  now  living  in   Hokah,  Minnesota.     The  children  born 

ll"111  ;""1  wife  wen      John  J.,  a  land  agent  at  Minong,  Wisconsin; 

i.-mi  R.,  a  railroad  man  in  southern   Minnesota;   Henry  L.,  a  wholesale 

1    lei  in  llo„  ton,   lexas;  Charles  \\  ..  land  and  oil  agent  in  Hous- 

'•'v:  '   J  I  I  mma,  wife  of  W.  II.  Whittaker,  job  printer  of  St 

II ;  MlSS  Katie  A.,  at  home  in   Hokah.  Minnesota. 


George  J.  Hohl  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Hokah,  and  gradu- 
ated from  the  high  school  in  1881.  After  this  he  spent  one  year  in  the 
Wilson  Business  College  at  Lacrosse,  Wisconsin.  His  next  step  was  the 
serving  of  an  apprenticeship  in  a  flour  mill  at  Hokah,  and  he  then  went  to 
Duluth,  Minnesota,  where  he  worked  for  the  St.  Paul  &  Pacific  Coal  Com- 
pany as  foreman.  In  1886  he  located  at  Bellingham  Bay,  when  there  were 
very  few  people  in  this  locality,  and  as  soon  as  the  town  of  Fairhaven  was 
organized  he  moved  here,  and  took  up  a  pre-emption  claim  one  and  one-half 
miles  from  the  city  limits.  In  1897  he  was  'one  of  the  stampeders  to  Dawson, 
going  over  the  White  Pass  or  Skagway  trail,  and,  after  two  years,  went  the 
second  time  with  a  six-dog  team  and  drove  six  hundred  miles,  and  was  frozen 
in  with  the  thermometer  registering  fifty  degrees  below  zero.  The  first  winter 
he  mined,  and  the  second  year  he  operated  a  sawmill.  In  1899  ne  returned 
to  Fairhaven  and  engaged  in  a  wholesale  and  retail  grain,  hay  and  feed 

Politically  Mr.  Hohl  is  a  Republican;  was  school  director  of  Fairhaven 
from  1891  to  1897,  and  has  always  taken  an  active  part  in  local  affairs,  serving 
as  delegate  to  county  conventions.  During  the  year  1901  he  was  mayor  of 
Fairhaven,  and  held  that  office  in  a  manner  to  inspire  respect  and  confidence. 
In  addition  to  his  other  interests  Mr.  Hohl  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the 
Alger  Oil  and  Mineral  Company  of  Fairhaven,  which  was  established  in  1901 
with  a  capital  of  three  hundred  thousand  dollars;  he  was  made  its  president 
and  general  manager  and  has  held  the  position  ever  since. 

On  November  18,  1890,  Mr.  Hohl  was  married  to  Mrs-  Nellie  Eggloff, 
a  daughter  of  M.  J.  Rogers,  of  Saginaw,  Michigan,  and  a  native  of  Chicago, 
coming  of  an  old  American  family  of  Scotch  ancestry.  One  son  has  been 
born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hohl,  namely:  Ross  J.  Eggloff  Hohl,  aged  nineteen 
years.  Mr.  Hohl  is  a  member  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias,  Modern  Woodmen 
and  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen,  and  is  very  popular  in  all  these 
organizations.  Through  steadfast  industry,  uprightness  of  character  and  an 
ability  to  make  his  work  count,  Mr.  Hohl  has  steadily  mounted  the  ladder  of 
fortune,  and  is  numbered  among  the  successful  men  of  Fairhaven. 


Charles  A.  Darling,  a  leading  representative  of  the  dental  profession  in 
Whatcom,  Washington,  and  a  man  of  prominence  in  the  community,  was  born 
May  14,  1869,  at  Portage,  Wisconsin,  and  is  a  son  of  James  M.  and  Clara 
(Kellum)  Darling.  The  father  was  a  native  of  New  York,  born  of  an  old 
American  family,  and  engaged  in  mining  and  dealt  extensively  in  real  estate. 
He  is  now  a  resident  and  prominent  business  man  of  Fairhaven.  His  wife 
was  born  in  Connecticut,  and  also  came  of  good  American  stock,  grafted  on 
English  ancestry.  Two  children  were  born  to  these  parents,  namely,  our 
subject,  and  Dwight  K.,  now  one  of  the  leading  druggists  of  Everett, 

Charles  A.  Darling  received  his  early  education  in  Hammond  Hall.  Salt 
Lake  City,  from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1885,  whence  he  went  to  Phila- 
delphia and  entered  the  dental  college  of  that  city.     In  1890  he  was  graduated 


from  that   institution,  and  returned  to  Fairhaven,   where   for  two  years  he 

on,  having  heen  admitted  to  practice  by  the  state  board 

of  examiners.      In    [892  he  removed  to  Whatcom,  and  has  built  up  a  very 

e  and  lucrative  practice,  which  is  constantly  increasing,  and  his  patients 

are  numb  the  very  best  people  of  the  city.     For  the  years  1897, 

[898  and    [899  he  was  a  member  of  the  board  of  dental  examiners,  and  in 

.i'ii]   iN<)o,  was  its  president,     lie  is  a  member  of  the  State  Dental  So- 

.  and  was  president  of  that  organization  in   1896.     In  politics  he  is  a 

Democrat,  and  has  always  taken  an  active  part  in  party  matters,  and  for  the 

ears  has  been  a  delegate  to  all  the  county  conventions  except  in 

I  [e  was  sent  to  the  national  convention  held  in  Chicago  in  1896,  which 

nominated  Brj  an. 

1  in  September  5,  [898,  Dr.  Darling  was  married  to  Miss  Mable  Stude- 
vant  Byrne,  a  daughter  of  a  successful  real  estate  dealer  in  Kansas.  The 
Byrne  family  is  well  known  and  dates  back  to  Revolutionary  days.  Mrs. 
I  >arling's   gri  I  grandfather  on  the  maternal  side  was  Zebulon   Pike, 

after  whom   Pike's   Peak  was  named.     Her  grandmother,   Sarah  Studevant, 
now  residing  in  Lamed,  Kansas,  is  the  last  lineal  descendant  in  that  state  of 
mous  Pike.      Mr.  and  Mrs.  Darling  are  consistent  members  of  the  Epis- 
d  church,  and   Dr.   Darling  is  one  of  (he  vestrymen  of  that  body. 
In  addition  to  li     other  interests.  Dr.  Darling  is  president  of  the  Homan 
Lumber  Company  of  Fairhaven,  operating  two  shingle  mills  and  a  sawmill, 
1  \    of  one  hundred  and   sixty  thousand  shingles  per  day.     The 
company  owns  considerable  timber  land  adjoining  the  plant,  and  Dr.  Darling 
ganizers  in  1901.     He  was  one  of  the  organizers  and  is  now 
president   of  the  Samish  Oyster  Company,  with  beds  in  Samish  bay, 
which  they  planted  an  I  cultivated.     The  company  have  eight  hundred  and 
thirl  mouth  of  Samish  river,  and  will  be  prepared  to  place 

product   upon   the  market    next  year,  probably  about  one  hundred  and 
Mr    Darling  is  our  0f  the  charter  members  of  the  Cougar  Club. 
'  1  lub  of  Whatcom,  and  he  is  also  a  member  of  the  Commer- 
'luh  of  Fairhaven.     There  are  few  men  in  Whatcom  who  either  in  a 
ense  have  done  more  than  the  doctor  in  so  short  a 
!  of  time,  to  increase  tin-  prosperity  of  tin-  city,  or  have  so  firmly  estab- 
lished themselves  in  the  confidence  and  respect  of  the  people  of  that  locality. 

WILL]  \M    II.    PINCKNEY. 

n  1 1    Pinckney,  police  magistrate  of  Blaine,  Washington,  was  born 

'    Salem,   Washtenaw  county,  Michigan,  and  is  a  son  of 

Pini  '  :■   e  of  New   York  state.     One  of  the  early  members 

Pinckney,  who  was  sent  to  represent  the  colonies  in 

'",:i   B.  1  was  colonel  of  the  Second  Regiment  of  the 

militia  during  tin-  Black   I  lawk  war,  and  died  in   1897  in  Blaine 

years.      Mis  wife  bore  the  maiden  name 

■  and  wa  1  oncord,  New  Hampshire;  both  of  her 

in  the  Revolutionary  war,  their  names  being  Major 

s  and  Major  Church.      Major  MMS  was  one  of  the  participants' in 


the  battle  of  Bunker  Hill,  and  both  gentlemen  were  from  the  state  of  New- 
Hampshire,  of  Scotch  descent,  and  died  in  New  Hampshire.  The  children 
born  to  Joshua  B.  Pinckney  and  wife  were  as  follows:  John  M.,  in  the  book 
and  stationer}'  business  since  1864  in  Sioux  City.  Iowa;  Albert  M.  resides  in 
Blaine;  Charles  died  in  Iowa;  our  subject;  Charlotte  married  S.  P.  Hughes, 
now  retired,  in  Blaine;  Mary,  widow  of  Isaac  Griswold,  resides  in  San 

William  H.  Pinckney  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Iowa  and 
Michigan,  although  the  greater  part  of  his  practical  knowledge  was  on  the 
frontier.  During  his  school  life  all  of  his  leisure  moments  were  put  in  on 
the  farm,  and  he  later  devoted  all  of  his  time  to  it.  He  was  driven  from  the 
farm  at  the  time  of  the  Minnesota  massacre  in  1862,  and  in  September  of 
that  same  year  he  and  his  brother  John  enlisted  in  Company  E,  Northern 
Border  Brigade.  The  state  called  for  five  companies,  and  they  mustered  them 
in  without  any  delay  and  started  them  for  the  frontier  of  Iowa  and  Dakota, 
Captain  Jerome  M.  White  being  in  command  of  Company  E.  After  serving 
with  Compariy  E  one  year,  Mr.  Pinckney  then  served  in  Company  L,  Seventh 
Iowa  Volunteer  Cavalry,  with  Captain  S.  P.  Hughes  in  command,  and  he 
received  his  honorable  discharge  in  February,  1866.  He  participated  in  the 
northwestern  Indian  expedition  under  General  Alfred  Sully,  and  saw  some 
very  hard  service.  In  1866  he  went  back  to  the  farm,  remaining  until  1873, 
but  he  found  he  had  grown  beyond  the  limits  of  a  quiet  life,  and  went  west 
to  Blaine,  Washington,  purchasing  forty  acres  of  land.  In  1878  he  went  to 
Seattle,  and  for  three  years  served  on  the  police  force  there,  but  resigned,  and 
in  1888  embarked  in  a  real  estate  business,  which  he  continued  until  1894 
and  then  retired  to  a  ranch  in  Semahmoo  which  he  had  purchased  fifteen 
years  before.  Ever  active  and  progressive,  Mr.  Pinckney  did  not  remain 
long  upon  bis  ranch,  but  in  1899  opened  up  a  real  estate  and  insurance  office 
in  Blaine  and  has  been  very  successful  in  his  various  operations  ever  since. 
In  political  convictions  Mr.  Pinckney  is  a  Populist,  but  has  been  associated 
with  the  Democratic  party,  and  in  Iowa  was  clerk  of  Sioux  township  for  four 
years;  was  appointed  sheriff  of  Plymouth  county,  Iowa,  and  served  two 
years;  was  also  assessor  of  Sioux  township  for  three  years,  and  during  the 
same  time  was  also  clerk;  was  justice  of  the  peace  of  Semahmoo  township, 
Whatcom  county,  for  two  years,  and  justice  of  the  peace  of  Blaine  two  years, 
and  for  three  terms  was  appointed  nolice  justice. 

On  March  24,  1873,  Mr.  Pinckney  was  married  to  Anna  J.  Jackson,  a 
daughter  of  Andy  Jackson,  of  Pennsylvania,  and  she  was  born  in  that  state. 
The  Jackson  family  is  of  Scotch-Irish  descent  and  played  an  important  part 
in  the  Revolutionary  war.  One  son,  John  Jackson,  was  born  to  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Pinckney  in  May,  1876,  and  he  is  now  admitted  to  practice  law.  Mr. 
Pinckney  is  a  member  of  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen,  being  con- 
nected with  that  order  for  twenty-two  years;  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd 
Fellows,  since  1S74,  and  is  also  a  member  of  the  Grand  Army  post.  Few 
men  in  this  locality  have  done  more  to  develop  the  Puget  Sound  district,  and 
to  induce  financiers  to  locate  in  that  neighborhood  and  increase  the  material 
prosperity  of  the  state,  than  the  distinguished  man  whose  name  heads  this 



The  Israel  family  is  of  Welsh  and  Pennsylvania  Dutch  extraction  on 
the  paternal  side,  and  Scotch  and  Irish  on  the  maternal  side.  The  original 
this  family  in  America,  Isaac  G.  Israel,  sailed  with  William 
Penn,  and  that  worthy  settler  took  an  active  part  in  the  first  Pennsylvania 
my.  And  later  on  in  the  history  of  the  country  we  find  that  the  mother 
of  the  famous  General  Israel  Putnam  was  an  Israel,  and  that  several  mem- 
bers of  the  family  distinguished  themselves  in  the  Revolution. 

William  C.  Israel,  the  Father  of  George  C  was  born  in  the  Old  Domin- 
ion -tali',  and   from  there  in    [849,  moved  by  the  wonderful  reports  of  the 
new  Eldorado  in  the  west,  came  to  California  and  engaged  for  three  years 
in  mining  and  prospecting;  he  was  the  discoverer  of  the  Diablo  coal  mines. 
In    1853   he  returned   to   Missouri   and   Illinois   and  brought  across   the  first 
band  of  American  bulls,  and  engaged  extensively  in  the  importation  and  rais- 
Mi     ican  cattle,     After  his  discovery  of  coal  he  again  went  east  and 
iroughl  back  machinery  and  opened  the  Tutonia  mine,  which  he  conducted 
illy  for  a  time,  and  then  sold  out  and  until   1881   followed  the  then 
profitable  star  routing.     In  that  year  he  came  to  Washington  and  followed 
raising,      lie  became  a   man  of  much  influence  in  the  state  and  was 
one  of  the  county  commissioners  who  built  the  magnificent  Thurston  county 
court  house,  which  was  afterward  sold  to  the  state  and  became,  with  a  few 
additions,    the   present    capitol    building.      His    wife    was    Hannah    Olmstead, 
a  native  of  New   Hampshire,  and  of  their  two  sons  and  three  daughters  all 
are  now  living  and  three  reside  in  Washington,   namely:     James  McDaniel, 
it    pector  and  resides  in  Olvmpia ;  Elsie,  now  Mrs.  Win- 
of   I  lush    Prairie;  and  George  C,   whose  sketch   immediately 
The  death  of  the  father  occurred  in  189s  at  the  age  of  sixty-eiffht 

The  birthplace  of  George   fsrael   is   in   Antioch,   Contra   Costa  county 

norma,  where  his  birth  occurred  on  the  20th  of  October,    1858.     He  at- 

ided  the  St.  Man's  I  1  San  Francisco  and  graduated  in  1878      He 

then  "'•",  Ifw  '"  H  of  Hon.  Davis  S.  Terry  in  Stockton.  California 

•  admitted  to  practice  in   December,   1880;  until   Tune,   1881    he  was 

\  '["Strict  attorne)    in  that  place,     lie  then  came  to  Olympia,  where  he 

'    and    had    a    very    lucrative   practice.      In' 1880,   going   to 

!    I     <<l  'aw  and  was  in  the  legal  department  of  the 

•   Radway.     Since   1S07  he  has  resided  in  Olympia  and  has 
■    clientele,  including  several  large  corporations  and  the  Northern 
l  acme  Railroad. 

Mr.    Israel   has  been  a   stanch    Republican,   but   in    1806  he 

V,"C.e(l  5,Soin<lepei  lv  voting  with  ""'  silver  wing  of  the  party 

i^/V^Vrir  -er  allegiance.     In   1895  he  bLune  the'hi 

-    York.     They  live  in  a  beautiful 
V    m;":i'  fW*   "'    manj   comforts  of  life  and  their  numerous 

,      •„:';?;    ,S'    , llnected    fth   the   Independent  Order  of  Odd 

""'  ,lu    Elks'     He  ,s  :|  man  ol   independent  and  resolute  character 

A    O,   <&Oxm^ 




and  enjoys  the  reputation  of  being  one  of  the  most  prominent  criminal  law- 
yers in  the  state  of  Washington. 


From  early  manhood  the  subject  of  this  sketch  has  been  a  resident  of 
Seattle,  Washington,  has  aided  in  its  growth  and  development  and  shared  in 
its  prosperity,  and  ranks  to-day  with  its  leading  citizens. 

Abraham  Woolman  Engle  was  born  March  4,  1851,  in  Burlington 
county,  New  Jersey,  and  belongs  to  a  well  known  and  highly  respected  family. 
The  record  shows  that  four  brothers  of  the  name  of  Engle  came  to  this  coun- 
try from  Saxony  in  the  year  1683  and  made  their  settlements  in  New  Jersey, 
Virginia  and  Pennsylvania.  The  one  who  located  in  New  Jersey  was  the 
progenitor  of  a  large  family.  One  of  his  descendants,  Abraham  W.  Engle, 
was  the  father  of  our  subject,  was  born  in  Burlington  county,  and  was  by 
occupation  a  merchant,  dealing  in  general  merchandise,  lumber  and  coal,  and 
also  owning  some  coasting  schooners  that  ran  between  Philadelphia  and  the 
Carolinas.  He  died  in  1861.  His  wife,  Sarah  C.,  was  before  marriage  Miss 
Engle,  she  being  a  distant  relative,  and  she,  too,  was  a  native  of  New  Jersey. 
She  died  in  1883. 

The  younger  Abraham  W.  Engle  was  educated  in  the  public  and  private 
schools  of  his  native  state,  finishing  his  schooling  in  1869.  Then  he  spent 
two  years  in  assisting  in  the  settlement,  of  "life  fatlier's  estate,  after  which,  in 
February,  1871,  he  came  west  to  Puget  Sound,  seeking  a  change  of  climate 
on  account  of  illness.  He  spent  one  year  on  Whidby  Island  in  a  successful 
effort  to  regain  his  health.  The  next  four'  years  lie  was  in  the  employ  of  the 
Bellingham  Bay  Coal  Company  at  Whatcom,  where,  with  Sutcliff  Baxter,  he 
had  charge  of  the  company's  mercantile  business;  '  In  1876  he  took  up  the 
study  of  law,  and  in  1878  was  admitted  to  practice  in  the  supreme  court  of 
the  territory  of  Washington.  He  practiced  in  Seattle  until  1884,  when  his 
attention  was  turned  to  banking;  he  became  associated  with  Judge  J.  R.  Lewis 
and  M.  V.  -B.  Stacey  and  established  the  First  National  Bank  of  North 
Yakima  and  the  First  National  Bank  of  Ellensburg.  Of  the  former  Mr. 
Engle  was  cashier  at  the  time  of  organization  and  subsequently  was  made 
president,  which  latter  office  he  filled  until  1896.  In  1895  he  accepted  the 
position  of  business  manager  of  the  northwestern  agency  of  the  Mutual  Life 
Insurance  Company  of  New  York,  with  headquarters  in  Seattle,  which  posi- 
tion he  still  holds.  However,  he  is  yet  interested  in  banking,  being  a  director 
of  the  Washington  National  Bank  of  Seattle.  He  has  also  for  a  number  of 
years  been  interested  in  real  estate,  and  is  the  owner  of  valuable  property. 
In  1891,  in  company  with  Judge  Lewis,  he  built  one  of  the  largest  brick  build- 
ings in  North  Yakima,  and,  associated  with  C.  D.  Stimson,  he  lias  just  com- 
pleted a  brick  hotel  and  business  building,  known  as  the  Manning  building, 
corner  Fourth  and  Union  streets,  Seattle.  The  residence  he  occupies  he 
built  in  1888. 

He  was  married  November  18,  1882,  to  Miss  Alice  Warbass,  daughter 
of  the  late  Dr.  U.  G.  Warbass,  of  Olympia,  Washington.     She  is  a  native  of 
Olympia.      Her  only  surviving  relative  in  this  country  is  Judge  E.  1).  War- 

ins  ruin-  of  the  puget  sound  country. 

bass,  of  Friday  Harbor.     Mr.  and  Mrs.  Engle  have  one  daughter,  Marian, 
twelve  years.     Politically  Mr.  Engle  is  a  Republican.     He  has  always 
taken  a  commendable  interest  in  public  affairs,  frequently  attending  state  and 
ns  of  his  party,  but  is  not  an  office-seeker. 

HON.    J.    W.    ROBINSON. 

For  four  generations  the  name  Joseph  has  been  the  christian  name  of 
the  head  of  die  Robinson  family.  This  family  originated  in  Scotland,  for 
many  years  resided  in  England,  and  came  to  this  country  in  its  early  history, 
taking  up  their  settlement  in  Virginia.  The  first  Joseph  Robinson  was  a 
prosperous  Virginia  merchant.  His  son,  grandfather  Joseph,  was  born  on 
the  banks  of  the  James  river;  he  was  a  leading  attorney  and  held  several  high 
judicial  ]■  death  occurred  in  his  ninety-fourth  year. 

father  of  the  subject  <.f  this  sketch,  Joseph  the  third,  was  born  on 
f  January,    1N11,   was  educated  and   reared  in  his  native  state  until 
bis  nineteenth  year,  and  then  in   1830  came  west  to  Clinton  county,  Ohio, 
settling    near    Wilmington.     He   engaged    successfully    in    stock-raising    and 
farming,  and  lived  to  he  eighty-two  years  of  age.      His  wife,  Margaret  Killen, 
was  a  native  of  Kentuck}  :  her  English  ancestors  were  early  settlers  in  Penn- 
inia  and  her  father.  James  Killen,  was  a  Revolutionary  officer,  afterward 
iiing  a  1-  1   Kentucky.     These  parents  had  eight  children,  six  sons 

and  two  daughters.     Two  of  the  sons  served  in  the  Union  army  in  the  Civil 
war.  Jan  :i,  and    Robert  as  a  private,   but  later  becoming  a 

lieutenant;  the  other  male  members  of  the  Family  were  lawyers,  doctors  and 
in  the  east  except  the  subject  of  this  sketch. 
ill  William  Robinson  was  ushered  into  the  world  near  Wilmington, 
5.   [855.      In  the  excellent  schools  of  his  state  he  was  edu- 
cated, and   in   the    Lebanon    (Ohio)    Normal;   he   received  his  knowledge  of 
an  State  University.     In  1883  he  came  to  Olympia,  which 
he  has  made  his  I  >  r  since.      In  this  time  he  has  built  up  a  large  and 

icquired  an  enviable  reputation  in  this  honor- 
1       1  ne     1  the  best  private  libraries  of  professional  works 
in   the  city. 

IN-  has  always  been  a  Republican,  and  was  elected  and  served  for  two 

fey,  when  the  district  extended  to  the  Columbia  river. 

In    [890  Mr.   Robinson  wa     chosi        nperioi    judge  of  Thurston  county,  and 

known  trial  judge  in  the  Mate,  hut  the  duties  were  not 

he  re  igned  mi   r8g  !.     Returning  to  active  practice,  he 

■    Olympia,      lie  lias  membership  in  the 

.  111  the  Knights  of  Pythias  and  the  Woodmen  of  the  World. 

MATTHEW    hi.    HYXER. 

,nrv>  i".  one  of  the  pioneers  of  Edmonds,  Washington,  was 

n  northwestern  Pennsylvania,  near  Tionesta.  and  is 

tlso  b  m  in  Pennsylvania,  and  a  lumberman  by  occu- 

dm  died  in   [886,     The  paternal  grandfather  was  a  soldier  in  the 


continental  army  at  Valley  Forge  with  Washington.  The  family  originated 
in  Germany,  but  was  established  here  many  years  ago.  The  maiden  name  of 
the  mother  was  Harriet  Ball,  and  she  was  born  in  Vermont  and  died  in  1852, 
having  come  of  old  English  ancestry.  Six  children  were  born  to  these 
parents,  namely:  our  subject;  Isaac,  a  farmer  of  Maryland;  Clinton  C,  a 
merchant  of  Vineland,  New  Jersey;  Lavina,  widow  of  H.  H.  Stone,  residing 
in  Jamestown,  New  York;  Mary  married  J.  H.  Dawler,  of  Holly  Beach,  New 
Jersey ;  Sarah,  widow  of  G.  R.  Chambers,  residing  in  Vineland,  New  Jersey. 

Matthew  E.  Hyner  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  New  Jersey 
and  Pennsylvania',  and  the  State  Normal  School  of  Pennsylvania,  concluding 
his  studies  when  he  was  twenty  years  of  age,  at  which  time  he  opened  a  drug 
store  at  Unionville,  Ohio,  and  conducted  it  for  eight  years.  He  then  moved 
to  Vineland,  New  Jersey,  and  for  one  year  was  engaged  in  farming.  His 
next  location  was  on  the  eastern  shore  of  Maryland,  where  he  conducted  a 
farm  for  a  year.  In  1878  he  went  to  the  southeastern  part  of  Illinois  and 
operated  a  farm  for  eight  years.  In  the  spring  of  1887  lie  moved  to  Ed- 
monds, Washington,  and  engaged  in  a  grocery  and  provision  business  for  six 
or  seven  years,  and  also  had  the  first  express  office  in  the  place,  known  as 
"The  Northwestern."  This  was  before  the  railroads  had  made  connection 
with  Edmonds.  Later  he*  disposed  of  his  interests  and  has  since  then 
lived  retired. 

On  March  10,  1868,  he  married,  in  Vineland,  New  Jersey,  Clara  A. 
Brown,  born  in  Pennsylvania  and  a  daughter  of  W.  T.  Brown,  a  merchant  of 
Union  City,  Pennsylvania,  since  deceased.  The  Brown  family  is  Scotch- 
English  in  origin,  and  Mr.  Brown's  grandmother  on  the  paternal  side  of  the 
house  was  a  Tiffany.  Three  children  were  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hyner, 
namely:  Paul  B.,  in  a  cigar  and  tobacco  business  in  Seattle;  Robert  W,  a 
mill  proprietor;  Ruth  B.  In  religious  ideas  they  are  all  members  of  the 
Congregational  church.  Mr.  Hyner  is  a  Democrat  and  has  represented  his 
party  in  state  conventions  for  the  past  twelve  years,  and  has  been  upon  the 
county  central  committee  and  to  county  conventions  for  many  years.  He 
was  appointed  postmaster  of  Edmonds  in  1888-90  and  again  in  1894-99. 
When  he  came  to  Edmonds  the  place  consisted  of  a  little  settlement  of  half 
a  dozen  families.  Through  the  many  changes  Mr.  Hyner  has  borne  his  part 
of  assisting  in  the  development  and  material  advancement  of  this  locality,  and 
is  pointed  to  with  pride  as  a  very  representative  pioneer  of  the  state. 

John  L.  Hyner,  a  brother  of  our  subject,  served  as  a  soldier  through 
the  Civil  war,  and  was  under  General  Hooker.  At  the  close  of  the  conflict 
he  was  sergeant.  His  company  of  volunteers  was  from  New  York,  and  was 
practically  wiped  out  of  existence.  Later  he  served  as  sheriff  of  Erie  county, 
Pennsylvania,  and  died  in  1878. 


There  is  much  variety  and  interest  in  the  life  history  of  Major  Charles 
O.  Bates,  who  has  passed  the  greater  part  of  his  life  in  different  parts  of  the 
Union,  but  for  the  past  eleven  years  has  been  a  resident  of  Tacoma,  and  is 
a  prominent  lawyer  there,  and  the  deputy  county  attorney.     His  parents  were 


Rev.  Henry  and  Keziah   (Chapman)   Bates,  and  on  both  sides  of  the  house 
ineml  •    fought  in  the  Revolutionary  war.     Rev.  Henry  was 

in  New  England,  while  his  wife  was  a  native  of  Connecticut  and  is  still 
living  at  Crete.  Nebraska.    Henry  came  west  at  an  early  day,  and  after  gradu- 
ating iberlin  College  became  a  minister  of  the  Congregational  church, 
lie  was  also  a  prominent  educator  and  in  later  life  removed  to  Crete,  Ne- 
braska, and  was  connected  with  Doane  College.     During  his  work  there  he 
ed  away  at  the  age  of  seventy-five,  in  1889.     During  the  war  he  was  a 
unced  anti-slaver)  advocate,  and  as  the  section  of  Ohio  in  which  he  lived 
rather  favorable  to  slavery  he  was  subjected  to  much  persecution  because 
of  his  views. 

While  this  worthy  couple  were  residing  in  Goodrich,  Michigan,  the  son 
Charles  ( ).  was  bom  to  them  on  May  31,  1855.     A  few  years  later  the  parents 
took  him  to  Canton.   Illinois,  where  he  received  most  of  his  education.     He 
went  to  Nebraska  in  1S73.  and  at  Beatrice  carried  out  his  intention  of  study- 
ing law,  gaining  his  knowledge  of  the  profession  in  the  office  of  Colby  and 
1       He  was  admitted  to  the  bar  by  the  supreme  court  of  the  state  on 
31,  [878,  and  he  first  commenced  practice  as  an  attorney  in  Beatrice. 
ed  much  ability  and  made  himself  popular,  for  he  was  county  attorney 
of  Gage  county  for  one  term  and  also  city  clerk  a!hd  city  attorney  of  Beatrice. 
twelve  years  he  was  connected  with  the  National  Guard  of  Nebraska, 
having  entered  as  a  private,  and  being  successively  promoted  to  first  sergeant 
and  first  lieutenant  of  his  company,  and  later  appointed  adjutant  of  the  First 
nent,   Nebraska   National  Guard.      Upon  the  organization  of  the  First 
a  le  be  v,  assistant  adjutant  general  with  the  rank  of  major, 

11  he  held  until  removing  to  the  state  of  Washington. 

In  the  winter  of  [890  and   [89]  he  was  with  the  First  Brigade,  Nebraska 

National  <  iuard,  in  the  war  against  the  Sioux  Indians  in  the  Pine  Ridge  upris- 

and  in  i'  al   reporl    from   Brigadier  General  L.  W.  Colby  to  the 

Nebraska  .Major   Rates  is  warmly  praised   for  the  tact,  patience, 

endurance,    and    the    ability    with    which    he    performed    his    duties    in    that 


Mr.  B  1         na   in    [892,  and  has  since  been  building  up  a 

splendid  practice  in   the  city.     He  is  a   member  of  the  firm  of  Bates  and 
Murray,  who  310  Fidelity  building.     For  the  last  three  years  he 

has  I  n\    prosecuting   attorney  of    Pierce  county.      He   is  one  of   the 

most  1  1  the  ranks  of  the  Republican  party,  and  is  a  zealous 

|s:i"  and  a  aker,  being  in  great  demand  as  a  campaign  orator.     He 

Elks,  is  a  Mason,  and  a  member  of  the  Union  Club 
0  mmerce. 
Mr.   Bati  1   on   December  23,    [879,  in  Lincoln.  Ne- 

hru   Miss   Kate  Gillette  became  his   wife.     They  are   the  parents 
of  two  children,  I  iman  Bates  and  Russell  Gillette  Hates. 

JOHN   II.    vnd  J  VMES   II.  MILHOLLIN. 

From  an   early   period    in    its   development    the   Milhollin   brothers   have 
ninently  identified  with  the  history  of  the  Sound  country,  and  none 


more  than  they  deserve  a  fitting  recognition  among  those  whose  enterprise 
and  ability  have  achieved  splendid  results.  The  family  is  of  Scotch  and 
German  descent,  and  the  paternal  grandfather  of  our  subjects.  Jonathan  Mil- 
hollin, enlisted  in  the  continental  army  for  service  in  the  Revolutionary  war 
when  fourteen  years  of  age,  serving  throughout  the  entire  struggle  to  the 
surrender  at  Yorktown.  After  the  war  he  settled  in  Kentucky,  but  when 
slaves  were  brought  into  that  state,  he,  being  an  abolitionist,  removed  to 
Springfield,  Ohio,  crossing  the  Ohio  river  in  1800,  and  he  was  the  first  justice 
of  the  peace  in  Clark  county.  William  Milhollin,  his  son  and  the  father  of 
our  subjects,  was  born  in  Lexington,  Kentucky.  He  followed  milling  in 
Ohio,  and  in  1853  moved  to  Cbamplin,  Hennepin  county,  Minnesota,  where 
his  death  occurred  on  the  14th  of  January,  1871.  His  wife,  who  bore  the 
maiden  name  of  Rebecca  A.  Henkle,  was  born  in  Springfield,  Ohio,  and  is  a 
member  of  a  prominent  old  American  family,  representatives  of  which  took 
part  in  the  Revolutionary  struggle.  Six  of  her  uncles  were  ministers  of  the 
gospel,  and  one,  Moses  Henkle,  was  a  famous  literary  and  newspaper  man. 
The  family  is  of  Scotch-Dutch  descent.  Mrs.  Milhollin  is  still  living,  having 
reached  the  age  of  eighty-seven  years,  and  she  makes  her  home  in  Blaine. 

John  Henkle  Milhollin  was  born  in  Springfield,  Ohio,  May  31,  1844, 
and  his  education  was  received  in  the  public  schools  of  Minnesota.  In  his 
youth  he  worked  at  farm  labor  on  his  father's  farm  and  in  scaling  logs  in  the 
river,  thus  continuing  until  1869,  when,  on  account  of  impaired  health,  he 
went  to  California.  Returning  to  Minnesota  in  1872,  he  was  thereafter  en- 
gaged in  logging  with  his  brother  until  1882,  during  which  time  he  was  also 
in  the  employ  of  the  Mississippi  &  Rum  River  Boom  Company.  The  year 
1885  witnessed  his  arrival  in  Blaine,  Washington,  since  which  time  he  has 
been  prominently  identified  with  its  interests,  but  at  the  time  of  his  arrival 
this  now  thriving  city  contained  but  four  houses  and  only  a  few  were  scat- 
tered throughout  the  surrounding  country.  In  1886,  in  company  with  his 
brother,  he  began  the  erection  at  Blaine  of  the  first  wharf  built  into  deep 
water,  this  enterprise  being  completed  two  years  later,  in  1888,  and  they  also 
erected  for  the  city  a  seven  hundred  foot  wharf  on  E  street,  the  principal 
wharf  in  the  city.  They  constructed  all  the  foundations  for  the  original  mills 
and  also  furnished  many  piles  for  the  fish  traps.  During  the  past  few  years 
the  elder  brother  has  been  engaged  in  scaling  logs. 

John  H.  Milhollin  was  married  on  the  nth  of  October,  1884.  to  Mary 
J.  McPherson,  the  wedding  being  celebrated  at  St.  Cloud,  Minnesota.  She 
is  a  native  of  Ontario,  Canada,  but  is  a  member  of  an  old  American  family  of 
Scotch  descent.  One  daughter,  Rebecca,  has  graced  this  union.  Mrs.  Mil- 
hollin has  one  sister  and  three  brothers  living  in  Washington :  Ann  Harvey, 
of  Seattle;  Peter  McPherson,  an  attorney  of  Republic;  George  McPherson, 
a  stockman  of  Bruster;  and  William  McPherson,  of  Bruster,  who  followed 
the  flag  to  the  sea  under  Sherman.  In  his  fraternal  relations  Mr.  Milhollin 
is  identified  with  Lodge  No.  30,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  of  Anoka.  Minnesota.  He 
was  a  member  of  the  township  board  of  Cbamplin,  that  state,  and  in  1897-8 
served  as  a  member  of  the  city  council  of  Blaine. 

James  Halsey  Milhollin  was  born  in  Hennepin  county.  Minnesota,  on 
the  28th  of  June,  1856.     His  elementary  education  was  received  in  the  com- 


mon  schools  of  his  native  locality,  but  this  was  supplemented  by  instruction 
in   Professor  Archibald's  Business  College.     After  completing  his  studies  he 
in  the  logging  business  with  his  brother  for  ten  years,  during  which 
time  he  ■  ;  loyed  throughout  the  summer  months  with  the  Mississippi 

&  Rum  River  Boom  Company.  From  1883  until  1S86  he  followed  agricul- 
tural pursuits,  and  in  the  latter  year  came  to  Blaine,  Washington,  where  for 
the  past  three  years  he  has  been  engaged  in  getting  out  piles  on  his  own  ac- 
count. The  brothers  have  constructed  several  residence  buildings  in  Blaine, 
opened  several  streets  and  in  1S88  built  the  California  Creek  bridge. 
The  '  have  exerted  a  wide  influence  in  affairs  pertaining  to  the  develop- 

ment ami  improvement  of  this  section,  and  throughout  the  entire  period  of 
their  residence  in  the  Evergreen  state  have  been  held  in  high  esteem.  James 
11.  Milhollin  gives  his  political  support  to  men  and  principle  rather  than  party 
and  is  independent,  hut  ha-  served  as  a  delegate  to  many  county  conventions. 
In  [892  he  was  made  a  member  of  the  city  council  of  Blaine,  receiving  every 
'  with  the  exception  of  twelve,  and  during  the  years  of  1888,  1889 
and  [89b  served  as  a  member  of  the  school  board.  In  his  fraternal  relations 
he  is  a  member  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Good  Templars. 

'  In  the  6th  of  October,  1884,  at  Champlin,  Minnesota,  Mr.  Milhollin  was 
united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Minnie  C.  Faber.  a  daughter  of  Nicholas  and 
Catherine  Faber  and  a  native  of  Jackson  enmity,  Iowa.  Two  sons  came  to 
bless  the  union  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Milhollin,  Clayton  F.,  born  in  1886,  and 
llenkle,  born  in   1902. 

COLONEL   FRANK   C.    R<  >SS. 

many  years  Colonel   Frank  C.  Ross  has  been  numbered  among  the 

representative  citizens  and   business   men  of   Tacoma;  and   throughout   the 

period  of  it-  development  he  has  been  an  important  factor  in  the  improvement 

and  advancement  of  this  section  of  the  state,  being  also  concerned  with  the 

broader  interests  which  have  had  to  do  with  the  welfare  of  the  commonwealth. 

A  native  son  of  the  Prairie  state,  Mr.   Ross  was  born  at  Pittsfield,  Pike 

county,  Illinois,  March  20,   [858,  and  is  the  son  of  Marcellus  and  Martha  A. 

Ross.     A-   one    reviews  the   history   of  that   commonwealth  and 

s  into  the  pasi   to     >.■  who  were  prominent   in  its  early  development,  he 

will  find  that   for  many  years  the  name  of   Ross  was  closely  connected  with 

the  p:  and  advancement  of  then'  section  of  the  state.     The  paternal 

frandfathi  ubject,   Colonel    William    Ross,   was  born  at  Munson, 

sachusetts,  April,    [792.      lie  served  as  ensign  in  the  war  of   1812,  and 

m  the  battle  at  Sacketts  Harbor.      His  brother,  Leonard  Ross, 

tain  of  a  company  in  the  -aim-  regiment.     Colonel  William  Ross 

left   Pittsfield,    Massachusetts,   in  the  year    1S20,   in  company  with  his  four 

brothers,   Captain   Leonard,   Dr.    Henry   J.,   John  and   Clarendon   Ross,   and 

i"  <;  ounty,  when  it  embraced  that  part  of  the  state  west 

of  the  Illinois  river  on  a  hi  ,  to  the  northwest  corner  of  Indiana,  taking 

'»  th<  e  of  1  hicago.     General  Steadman,  of  Beardstown,  Illinois. 

jsioned  William   Ross  as  colonel  to  raise  a  regiment  to  serve  in  the 

Black  Hawk  war,  to  rendezvous  al  Beardstown.     Abraham  Lincoln  was  corn- 


missioned  captain  of  a  company  in  the  same  regiment.  Colonel  Ross  and 
Abraham  Lincoln  were  delegates  to  the  first  national  Republican  convention 
held  at  Philadelphia  in  June,  1856,  where  John  C.  Fremont  was  nominated 
for  president  and  William  L.  Dayton  for  vice  president.  Colonel  Ross  was 
also  a  delegate  to  the  national  convention  at  Chicago,  June  15,  i860,  where 
Lincoln  was  nominated  for  president  on  the  third  ballot.  Colonel  Ross  and 
Abraham  Lincoln  went  as  delegates  to  the  state  convention  when  Richard 
Yates,  the  "war  horse,"  was  nominated  for  governor.  As  Governor  Yates 
and  Colonel  Ross  were  walking  along  the  street  one  day,  Colonel  Ross  said 
"I  hear  Mr.  Lincoln's  footsteps,"  and  leu  iking  back  they  saw  him  coming  up. 
Colonel  Ross  grasped  Mr.  Lincoln  by  the  hand  and  said  to  him:  "I  think 
you  had  better  go  with  us  and  help  nominate  a  president."  To  this  Mr.  Lin- 
coln replied:  "My  better  judgment  tells  me  I  better  not."  When  Abra- 
ham Lincoln  was  president  he  often  visited  Colonel  Ross  and  consulted  him 
on  important  questions.  One  was  on  issuing  the  emancipation  proclamation. 
Colonel  Ross  told  Mr.  Lincoln,  when  discussing  the  subject,  not  to  let  the  sun 
go  down  before  he  issued  the  proclamation.  Colonel  Ross  served  eight  years 
in  the  Illinois  senate  and  succeeded  in  getting  a  number  of  important  bills 
for  the  welfare  of  the  state.  He  was  the  founder  of  the  town  of  Pittsfield, 
Illinois,  now  the  county  seat  of  Pike  count}-,  naming  the  place  after  Pittsfield. 
Massachusetts,  the  birthplace  of  Mrs.  Marcellus  Ross.  He  died  at  Pittsfield, 
Illinois,  May  31,  1873. 

Marcellus  Ross,  the  father  of  our  subject,  was  the  first  white  male  child 
born  in  greater  Pike  county,  that  event  occurring  November  11,  1824.  The 
first  Masonic  lodge  in  all  this  large  district  was  organized  and  held  in  Colonel 
Ross's  residence,  and  the  hickory  gavel  used  on  that  historic  occasion  is  now 
one  of  the  keepsakes  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch.  Before  the  breaking  out 
of  the  Indian  war,  Black  Hawk,  the  great  chief,  was  a  frequent  visitor  at 
the  Ross  home  and  often  carried  Marcellus  Ross  in  his  arms.  Mr.  Ross  be- 
came a  wealth}'  and  prominent  business  man  and  farmer  in  Pike  count}',  and 
was  engaged  in  flour  milling  and  woolen  manufacturing  and  other  enterprises. 
He  left  Pike  county  with  his  family  in  188 1,  and  settled  in  San  Jose,  Cali- 
fornia, there  residing  until  1899,  when  they  joined  their  son  Frank,  in  Ta- 
coma,  the  latter  having  located  in  Tacoma  in  1879.  Mrs.  Ross  was  born 
of  New  England  parents  at  Pittsfield,  Massachusetts,  June  17.  1830.  She 
married  Marcellus  Ross  at  her  Massachusetts  home,  and  with  him  returned 
to  the  then  almost  unknown  west,  and  for  fifty-six  years  this  worthy  couple 
have  traveled  life's  journey  together.  Two  sons  and  one  daughter  now  bless 
their  union. 

Frank  C.  Ross  received  his  scholastic  training  in  the  schools  of  Pittsfiel  '. 
Illinois,  the  town  of  his  nativity,  and  was  there  extensively  interested  with 
his  father  in  agricultural  pursuits.  At  seventeen  years  of  age  he  went  with 
his  mother  and  sister  to  San  Jose,  California,  on  a  visit,  where  For  two  years 
he  was  assistant  with  Marshall  Groom,  son  of  the  proprietor,  in  the  cooking 
department  of  the  Golden  Gate  Fruit  Canning  Company.  In  1877  they  re- 
turned to  Pittsfield,  but  two  years  later  lie  came  out  to  Washington  territory, 
taking  up  his  abode  in  the  little  hamlet  of  Tacoma.  At  the  time  <>i  his  arrival 
this  now  prosperous  city  had  but  a  population  of  seven  hundred  and   fifty 


inhabitants.  After  working  at  various  occupations  for  a  short  time  he  went 
in  partnership  with  Ins  brother,  Charles  K.  Ross,  in  the  fruit  and  confectionery 
business,  which  business  developed  into  a  large  and  successful  trade,  but  was 
discontinued  at  the  death  of  his  brother,  who  was  accidentally  killed  by  falling 
from  the  cars  while  on  his  way  from  Kalama  to  Tacoma,  in  1883.  Colonel 
Ross  then  engaged  in  the  real  estate  business,  and  before  many  years  had 
passed  he  was  recognized  as  a  wealthy  and  successful  capitalist  and  promoter. 

In  [889  90  ( ;olonel  Ross  was  president  of  the  Tacoma  &  Lake  City  Rail- 
road and  Navigation  Company,  a  road  which  he  built  for  a  distance  of  twelve 
miles  from  Tacoma  to  American  Lake,  toward  Portland,  which  he  sold  to  the 
Union  Pacific  Railroad  Company,  reserving  the  steamer  and  boats  on  the  lake. 
Terminal  grounds  to  the  value  of  a  quarter  of  a  million  dollars  were  donated 
to  the  Union  Pacific  Railroad  by  Allen  C.  Mason  and  Colonel  Ross.  The 
Union  Pacific  then  began  the  work  of  extending  the  line  to  Portland,  but  after 
expending  a  million  dollars  in  the  project  the  company  went  into  the  hands 
of  a  receiver  and  the  work  stopped.      Continuing  in  enterprises  of  this  nature, 

nel  Ross,  in  [892,  began  the  construction  of  a  railroad  along  the  shore  of 
the  Sound  between  Tacoma  and  Seattle.  He  also  made  numerous  surveys 
of  possible  routes  from  Tacoma  to  the  east  and  south,  exploring  all  the  moun- 
tain passes  of  the  Cascades,  and  also  to  the  northwest  to  Port  Townsend  and 
the  straits  running  by  the  present  site  of  the  United  States  navy  yard  at 
Brem<  rton,  and  in  fact  projected  a  system  of  railways  converging  at  Tacoma, 
where  he  has  extensive  terminal  grounds. 

The  road  toward  Seattle  ran  for  three  miles  through  the  Puyallup  Indian 
reservation,  which  at  that  time  was  an  insurmountable  barrier,  but  Colonel 
Ross  (omened  the  plan  of  having  the  work  on  his  grade  done  by  the  Indians 
themselves,  on  their  own  land,  believing  this  would  enable  him  to  get  through, 
lie  had  a  large  force  of  Indians  at  work  clearing  right  of  way,  and  was 
notified  by  President  Grover  Cleveland  to  cease  work  and  get  off  the  reserve. 
["his  he  refused  to  do,  and  troops  from  Vancouver  barracks,  under  command 
of  (  aptain  Carpenter,  an  old  Indian  fighter,  were  sent  to  stop  the  work.     The 

1 ps  attempted  to  drive  the  Indians  off  at  the  point  of  the  bayonet,  but  the 

Indians,  encouraged  by  Colonel  Ross,  resisted  the  troops  and  finally  drove 
them  off  the  ground,  using  their  working  tools  as  weapons  and  rolling  logs 
down  the  steep  hillside,  scattering  the  army.  Captain  Carpenter  finally  with- 
drew, bul  promised  the  Indians  that  he  would  return  the  next  day  and  drive 

I  -II  if  he  had  to  kill  ever)  one  of  them.      In  the  early  morning  following 

'     Ige  Fremont  Campbell,  General  A.  J.  Baker  and 

Charles  Woodworth,  having  secured  a  writ  from  the  courts  of  King  county, 

sheriff  Charles  Woollery  captured  Captain  Carpenter  in  his  tent,  and  after  a 

short  parley  in  which  the  sheriff  informed  the  crestfallen  officer  that  even  the 

orders  of  the  president  of  the  1  nitcd  States  were  not  good  enough  to  hold  out 

riff,  the  army  submitted  to  the  writ,  and  the  following  day  the 

before  the  courl  111  Seattle,  where  a  decision'  was  ren- 

I   in   Colonel    Ross's    favor.     The   government    look   the   matter  to  the 

1  States,  where  Judge  C.  II.  Hanford  sustained  Colonel  Ross,  but 

peal  b)  the  government  to  the  court  of  appeals  the  decision 

Colonel   Ross,  not   being  satisfied  with  this  decision,  set  to 


work  in  another  way.  In  1897  he  procured  a  franchise  across  the  flats  on 
Railroad  avenue,  from  the  city  council  of  Tacoma,  then  went  to  Seattle  and 
secured  a  franchise  there  from  the  county  through  the  lands  in  King  county. 
He  enlisted  with  him  Malcom  MacDougall,  a  prominent  capitalist  of  that 
city,  and  after  securing  the  money  necessary  to  build  the  road  along  the 
water  front  between  the  two  cities  the}-  returned  to  Tacoma,  where  Mr.  Mac- 
Dougall asked  for  additional  rights  of  way  over  lands  on  the  tide  lands  in 
the  city  limits,  through  his  attorney,  General  James  M.  Ashton.  The  city 
council,  however,  delayed  and  opposed  the  project  until  Mr.  MacDougall  be- 
came disgusted  and  dropped  the  whole  project. 

Colonel  Ross  next  became  interested  with  Fred  E.  Sander  in  securing  a 
franchise  from  the  city  of  Tacoma  for  a  street  railway  line  to  connect  the 
two  cities,  by  way  of  White  and  Stuck  river  valleys,  with  a  cut-off  over  the 
hills  from  Auburn  to  Tacoma.  He  was  associated  with  George  W.  Chap- 
man, of  Seattle,  in  securing  the  right  of  way  for  this  line;  but  after  the  Gen- 
eral Electric  Company,  represented  by  Stone  &  Webster,  secured  from  Henry 
Bucey  that  gentleman's  route  and  rights  of  way  for  a  line  over  the  hill  country 
between  the  two  cities,  they  changed  their  plans  and  purchased  the  Sanders 
route,  on  which  the  present  Seattle-Tacoma  Interurban  line  was  built. 

In  the  furtherance  of  his  project  of  establishing  extensive  railway  ter- 
minals on  the  water  front  at  Tacoma,  Colonel  Ross  acquired  extensive  inter- 
ests on  the  tide  flats  of  the  Indians,  under  contracts  which  entitled  him  to 
purchase  these  lands  at  a  specified  price  as  soon  as  Congress  should  pass  laws 
allowing  the  Indians  to  sell.  A  senatorial  committee  from  Washington, 
D.  C,  came  to  Tacoma  to  decide  when  and  in  what  manner  the  lands  might 
be  sold,  and  also  to  investigate  Colonel  Ross's  contracts  and  his  rights  there- 
under. This  committee  reported  in  favor  of  the  appointment  of  a  commission 
to  ascertain  who  were  the  legal  owners  of  the  Indian  lands,  and  to  make 
agreements  with  the  Indians  for  the  sale  of  the  lands,  the  prices  demanded 
and  terms  of  sale.  A  commission  was  then  appointed,  and  a  number  of  the 
Indians  who  had  made  contracts  with  Ross  then  sold,  through  this  com- 
mission, the  lands  so  contracted.  These  contracts  all  being  on  record  gave 
notice  to  the  purchasers  from  the  commission,  but  a  number  of  persons  paid 
their  money  and  took  certificates  of  sale  from  the  commission.  On  March  3, 
1903,  the  necessary  law  having  been  passed  by  Congress  authorizing  the 
Indians  to  sell,  Ross  brought  suit  against  all  persons  who  had  attempted  to 
secure  title  to  his  lands,  to  quiet  title.  A  large  number  of  these  cases  were 
settled,  but  several  are  now  pending,  and  will  be  settled  in  the  supreme  court 
of  the  United  States,  as  the  land  has  now  become  of  great  value.  Of  the 
large  area  of  lands  controlled  by  Colonel  Ross,  free  sites  have  been  furnished 
for  manufacturing  enterprises  and  it  is  his  purpose  to  make  these  lands  the 
business  center  of  the  great  city  destined  to  grow  up  on  Commencement  bay. 

At  the  present  time  Colonel  Ross,  in  company  with  Judge  Campbell,  is 
associated  with  E.  J.  Felt  in  a  project  for  the  construction  -1  a  fast  suburban 
electric  line  between  Tacoma  and  American  Lake,  and  is  also  negotiating  for 
the  construction  of  another  line  of  standard  gauge  road  into  Tacoma. 


MRS.  R.  A.  SMALL. 

Mrs.  Rainie  Adamson  Small  is  now  filling  the  position  of  county  super- 
intendent of  public  schools  in  Snohomish  county,  Washington.  She  has 
been  s  Jely  and  prominently  connected  with  the  educational  interests  of 

this  S(  |   the  state  during  more  than  a  decade  that  no  history  of  the 

community  would  he  complete  without  the  record  of  her  career.  It  is  a 
widely  acknowledged  fact  that  the  most  important  work  to  which  one  can 
direct  ergies  is  that  of  teaching;  whether  it  he  from  the  pulpit,  from 

the  lecture  plat  form  or  Erom  the  schoolroom,  its  primary  object  is  ever  the 
pment  of  one's   latent  powers  that  the  duties  of  life  may 
be  bravely  nut  and  well  performed.     For  ten  years  Mrs.  Small  was  recog- 
of   i  he  most  competent  teachers  in  the  schools  of   Snohomish 
ty,  and  at   the  cud  of  that  time  she  was  elected  to  the  position   which 
she  is  now  so  capably  filling. 

Small  was  horn  on  the  2d  of  February,  1861,  in  the  land  of  the 
midnight  sun.  Her  Father  was  Andrew  Adamson,  a  native  of  Norway,  who 
came  to  the  I  fnited  Slates  in  the  year  in  which  his  daughter  was  born.  He 
brought  with  him  his  family  and  took  up  his  abode  in  Nicollet  county,  Min- 
He  1  since  carried  on  agricultural  pursuits,  and  is  still  living 
upon  a  faun  there  at  the  age  of  seventy-four  years.  His  wife,  who  bore 
the  maiden  name  of  Julia  Charles,  was  also  a  native  of  Norway,  and  this 
worth)  couple  are  still  traveling  life's  journey  together,  Mrs.  Adamson  hav- 
ing reached  tin  age  of  seventy-one  years.  In  the  family  were  seven  daughters 
and   eight    sons. 

Mrs.   Small   pursued  her  preliminary   education   in  the  country  schools 

of   M  .  and  at  tin-  ag fourteen  years  she  left  home  to  care  for  an 

invalid  <istn-  in  northern   Missouri.     On  the  death  of  this  sister  Mrs.   Small 

went  to  |o\-.a.  where  she  continued  her  education  as  a  student  in  the  public 

eld.      In    [879  she   went   to  Colorado  where  she   entered 

upon    her    work    as   an    educator,    successfully    teaching    in    Boulder    county. 

Win'  leted  a  preparatory  course  in  the  University  of  Colo- 

and  in    1882  she  attended    Lombard   University  of  Illinois,  where  she 

continued  her  studies  until  on  the  completion  of  the  collegiate  course  she 

graduated  in  the  class  of  [886,     In   1890  she  came  to  Snohomish  county 

and  lias  since  been  identified   with  the  educational  interests  of  this  portion 

o!  tin   st 

'in    tin     [6th   of   June,    1886,    in    (ialeshurg,    Illinois,    Rainie    Adamson 

her  hand  in  marriage  to  Wallace   F.   Small,   whose  birth  occurred  in 

Illinois,   while  Ins  mother,  who  in  her  maidenhood  was  Aurelia  F.   Rhyder, 

and  his  father,  who  was  J.  I  >.  I'.  Small,  were  natives  of  Provincetown,  Massa- 

chut  ■ 

During   her   residence   in    Snohomish  county  Mrs.   Small  has  gained  a 

quaintance  and  won  the  esteem  of  all  with  whom  she  has  been 

iated.     She  was  1  1  al  pr<  sident  of  Phi  Beta  Phi  Sorosis  for  four 

.   which    fact    indicates   her   prominence   in   this   college  fraternity.      In 

000.   she  w.i-  elected   superintendent  of  the  public  schools  of 


ASTO«     :  KNOX  AND 


Snohomish  county,  her  term  expiring  in  September,  1903.  In  this  position 
she  has  given  careful  supervision  to  educational  work,  has  studied  closely 
the  conditions  and  needs  of  the  different  schools  of  the  county,  has  suggested 
reforms  and  instituted  improvements  until  under  her  direction  the  Schools 
have  made  rapid  advance,  and  their  present  high  standard  is  largely 
due  to  her  efforts.  It  would  be  almost  tautological  in  this  connection  to 
enter  into  any  series  of  statements  as  showing  her  to  be  a  woman  of  broad 
intellectuality  and  keen  discernment,  for  this  has  been  shadowed  forth  be- 
tween the  lines  of  this  review.  Moreover,  her  many  womanly  qualities  and 
kindliness  of  nature  have  gained  for  her  the  warm  personal  friendship  of 
many  with  whom  she  has  been  brought  in  contact. 

JAMES   A.   DURRENT,   M.   D. 

From  no  professional  man  do  we  expect  or  exact  so  many  of  the  cardinal 
virtues  as  from  the  physician.  If  the  clergyman  is  austere  we  imagine  his 
mind  is  absorbed  with  the  contemplation  of  things  beyond  our  ken;  if  our 
lawyer  is  brusque  and  crabbed,  it  is  the  mark  of;:but  .in  the  physician 
we  expect  not  only  a  superior  mentality  and  coiVtprcfensive  knowledge  but 
sympathy  as  wide  as  the  universe.  Dr.  Diw-rettt  hr  large  "measure  meets  all 
of  these  requirements,  and  is  regarded  by  many  as  an  ideal  -physician.  Cer- 
tainly, if  patronage  is  any  criterion  of  abfity,  he  ranks  high  among  the  leading 
physicians  and  surgeons  in  Snohomish,  where  he  is  now  enjoying  a  large  and 
lucrative  practice. 

Dr.  James  Arthur  Durrent  was  born,  on  the  23d  ©f  April,  1875,  in  Co- 
lumbus, Ontario  county,  Canada,  and  is  the  only  son  of  Edward  and  Anna  S. 
(Rundle)  Durrent.  The  father  is  a  native  of  England  and  was  taken  by  his 
parents  to  Canada  when  but  three  years  of  age.  He  wedded  Miss  Rundle, 
who  was  born  in  Ontario  and  represented  an  old  English  family.  Their  home 
is  now  in  North  Dakota,  where  he  is  conducting  a  ranch.  The  only  daughter 
of  the  family  is  Effie  May  Durrent. 

Dr.  Durrent  began  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Ontario,  and 
later  attended  the  high  school  at  Sault  Ste.  Marie,  Michigan,  there  continuing 
his  studies  until  1890.  In  that  year  he  went  to  North  Dakota,  and  was  after- 
ward graduated  in  the  high  school  of  Dickinson  of  that  state,  with  the  class 
of  1896.  He  pursued  a  course  in  the  literary  department  of  the  University 
of  Michigan  at  Ann  Arbor  during  the  succeeding  summer,  and  in  the  fall 
of  the  same  year,  having  determined  to  make  the  practice  of  medicine  his 
life  work,  he  entered  the  medical  department  of  the  Michigan  University  and 
therein  pursued  his  studies  until  he  was  graduated  on  the  20th  of  June,  1900. 
Almost  immediately  afterward  he  came  to  the  Sound  country  and  practiced 
medicine  at  Marysville,  Snohomish  county,  for  one  year.  In  the  summer  of 
1901  he  pursued  a  post-graduate  course  in  the  New  York  Post-Graduate 
Medical  School,  also  in  the  New  York  Polyclinic  and  the  Xew  York  Lying-in 
Hospital.  In  February,  1902,  he  returned  to  this  section  of  Washington  and 
took  up  his  abode  in  Snohomish,  where  he  has  since  remained,  gaining  an 
enviable  position  in  the  ranks  of  the  medical  fraternity. 


On  the  8th  of  July,  1902,  Dr.  Durrent  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
Jennie  Rozella  McDowell,  of  Minneapolis,  a  daughter  of  C.  A.  and  N.  V. 
McDowell.  The  young  couple  are  widely  and  favorably  known  in  the  city  of 
their  adoption,  and  the  hospitality  of  the  best  homes  is  here  extended  to  them. 
The  Doctor  is  a  worthy  follower  of  the  Masonic  fraternity,  and  in  his  political 
views  is  a  Republican.  In  the  fall  of  1902  he  was  elected  city  health  officer 
for  the  city  of  Snohomish  and  is  now  filling  that  position.  He  is  yet  a  young 
man,  but,  with  a  nature  that  can  never  content  itself  with  mediocrity,  he  has 
so  qualified  himself  that  he  is  steadily  advancing  to  a  prominent  position 
among  the  most  capable  members  of  the  profession  in  Snohomish  county,  and 
the  public  and  the  Masonic  fraternity  acknowledge  his  worth  and  merit. 

J.   O'B.    SCOBEY. 

As  a  leading  representative  of  the  industrial  interests  of  Olympia,  Mr. 
Scobey  stands  to-day  as  the  head  of  the  Puget  Sound  Preserving  Company, 
and  he  is  also  receiver  in  the  United  States  land  office,  having  been  appointed 
to  this  position  by  President  McKinley  and  reappointed  by  President  Roose- 
velt. A  native  of  the  state  of  New  York,  he  was  born  in  Summit,  Schoharie 
county,  on  the  5th  of  July,  1854,  and  on  the  paternal  side  comes  of  Scotch 
and  Welsh  ancestry,  while  on  the  maternal  side  he  is  of  Irish  and  English 
descent;  but  for  many  generations  both  families  have  resided  in  America. 
Zephaniah  D.  Scobey,  his  father,  was  born  in  the  Empire  state  on  the  15th 
of  December,  1817,  and  pursued  his  education  in  New  York.  He  was  after- 
ward ordained  as  a  Methodist  minister,  and  for  half  a  century  was  connected 
with  the  Old  New  York  Conference.  He  retired  from  the  ministry  in  1856, 
but  afterward  preached  occasionally,  and  in  1858  emigrated  to  Delaware 
county,  Iowa,  where  he  purchased  a  farm  and  established  his  home.  While 
there  he  was  elected  treasurer  of  his  county  and  served  for  two  terms,  was 
also  agent  for  the  Upper  Iowa  University,  and  acted  as  postmaster  at  Fayette 
for  twelve  years.  For  some  time  he  was  also  clerk  of  the  county,  and  in  his 
public  offices  was  ever  found  to  be  reliable,  prompt  and  efficient.  Later  he 
removed  to  Chicago,  where  he  died  on  the  15th  of  April,  1897,  at  the  age  of 
eighty  years.  He  had  married  Miss  Ellenor  Elizabeth  Anderson,  who  was 
born  in  Ann  Arbor,  Michigan,  their  wedding  being  celebrated  in  Glenham, 
New  York,  in  1845.  Like  her  husband,  Mrs.  Scobey  was  a  devout  member 
of  the  Methodist  church,  and  both  led  lives  of  great  usefulness,  Mr.  Scobey 
being  particularly  active  in  the  cause  which  he  espoused  in  his  youth.  His 
influence  was  widely  felt  for  good  in  the  community  with  which  he  was 
identified,  and  to  those  who  knew  him  his  name  still  remains  as  a  blessed 
benediction.  In  the  family  were  five  childen,  all  of  whom  are  yet  living, 
namely:  Mrs.  Sarah  B.  Duncan,  who  is  a  graduate  of  the  Hahnemann  Medi- 
cal College  of  Chicago  and  is  now  practicing  in  that  city;  George  P.,  who 
conducts  a  grocery  store  in  Fayette,  Iowa ;  Charles  Robert  Anderson,  who 
is  Indian  agent  at  Poplar  Creek,  Montana,  and  has  charge  of  the  Fort  Peck 
Indian  agency;   and  Carry  O.,  who  resides  with  her  sister  in  Chicago. 

J.  O'B.  Scobey,  the  other  member  of  the  family  and  the  only  one  living 
in  Washington,  obtained  his  education  in  the  Upper  Iowa  University,  and 


was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1874,  having  the  honor  of  being  the  valedic- 
torian. Soon  afterward  he  entered  the  journalistic  field,  becoming  connected 
with  the  newspapers  in  Fayette,  Iowa.  Later,  in  Corning,  Iowa,  he  began 
reading  law,  and  in  the  spring  of  1879  was  admitted  to  the  bar,  and  practiced 
his  chosen  profession  until  1892.  In  18S6  he  came  to  Chicago,  where  he 
resided  until  1892,  when  he  removed  to  Pullman,  Washington,  and  for  a  year 
was  connected  with  the  Agricultural  College  at  that  place.  In  1893  he  arrived 
in  Olympia  and  with  others  purchased  the  Morning  Olympian,  which  he  pub- 
lished until  the  21st  of  July,  1897,  at  which  date  he  received  the  appointment 
of  receiver  in  the  United  States  land  office,  being  named  for  the  position  by 
President  McKinley.  In  March,  1902.  he  was  reappointed  by  President 
Roosevelt,  for  during  his  previous  term  he  had  been  most  loyal  to  .the  trust 
reposed  in  him,  therefore  representing  the  government's  best  interests.  In 
Dakota  Air.  Scobey  served  for  two  terms  in  the  legislature,  and  was  the  cham- 
pion of  every  measure  which  he  believed  would  contribute  to  the  welfare  of 
that  commonwealth.  He  also  served  one  term  as  a  member  of  the  legislature 
of  the  state  of  Washington. 

Since  his  arrival  in  Olympia  Mr.  Scobey  has  become  an  active  factor  in 
business  circles  here.  Fie  organized  the  Puget  Sound  Preserving  Company, 
which  has  been  famed  for  its  strawberry  jam.  The  enterprise  has  now  as- 
sumed extensive  and  profitable  proportions,  a  large  business  being  carried  on 
in  the  canning  of  fruits  and  vegetables.  Twenty-five  employes  are  in  the 
factory,,  and  in  this  business  Mr.  Scobey  is  meeting  with  excellent  success. 
He  has  twenty-seven  acres  of  land  devoted  to  the  raising  of  strawberries, 
raspberries,  cherries  and  currants  and  no  finer  berries  can  be  found  anywhere 
in  this  country  than  those  produced  upon  his  place.  He  also  has  splendid 
fields  of  plums  and  prunes,  and  in  this  enterprise  is  proving  how  well  is  the 
soil  of  the  Puget  Sound  country  adapted  to  the  purpose  of  raising  fine  fruit. 
He  also  purchases  large  quantities  of  fruit  for  his  cannery,  and  he  ships  his 
products  to  the  east,  where  there  is  a  large  demand  for  the  goods  which  are 
put  up  by  the  Preserving  Company. 

On  the  24th  of  November,  1880,  Mr.  Scobey  was  happily  married  to 
Miss  Myrtie  E.  Walker,  at  Brookings,  South  Dakota.  The  lady  is  a  native 
of  the  state  of  Wisconsin  and  a  daughter  of  Jacob  Walker.  Their  children 
are  Bessie;  Willie  C. ;  Arthur  M.  and  Helen.  Mr.  Scobey  became  a  member 
of  the  Masonic  fraternity  in  1881,  having  been  made  a  Master  Mason  in 
Brookings  Lodge  No.  27.  A.  F.  &  A.  M.  He  now  belongs  to  Whitman 
Lodge  No.  49,  and  has  taken  the  Royal  Arch  degree  and  the  chapter  degree 
at  Brookings;  and  the  Knights  Templar  degree  at  Tacoma.  Washington. 
He  is  also  connected  with  the  Woodmen  of  the  World;  the  Modern  Wood- 
men of  America,  the  Knights  of  the  Maccabees,  and  Order  of  Washington. 
In  politics  he  has  been  a  life-long  Republican,  unfaltering  in  his  allegiance 
to  the  party.  He  has  ever  been  energetic  and  persevering,  and  has  carried 
forward  his  efforts  along  lines  of  well  defined  labor,  bringing  to  him  pros- 



The  name  of  Huston  has  been  made  familiar  in  various  states,  both  east 
and  west,  by  the  vigorous  personality  and  successful  achievements  of  those 
by  whom  it  was  borne.  As  far  back  as  1680  representatives  of  this  family 
were  settled  in  Mifflin  county,  Pennsylvania,  and  from  this  parent  stem  were 
sent  out  offshoots  which  reappeared  as  sturdy  growths  in  different  sections 
of  the  west.  Alexander  Huston,  whose  birth  occurred  in  the  Keystone  state 
during  the  latter  half  of  the  eighteenth  century,  was  among  the  pioneers  who 
reached  Kentucky  as  early  as  1805.  Though  at  this  period  the  "dark  and 
bloody  ground"  was  enjoying  comparative  repose,  it  was  far  from  being  an 
idyllic  place  of  residence.  The  state  had  been  in  the  Union  but  a  few  years, 
population  was  still  sparse  and  confined  to  a  few  sections,  and  much  of  the 
broad  acreage  subsequently  so  famous  was  still  unfamiliar  to  the  plow. 
Daniel  Boone,  the  celebrated  sylvan  hero,  feeling  crowded  by  the  too  near 
approach  of  civilization,  had  crossed  the  Mississippi  in  the  trail  of  the  buffalo 
to  obtain  the  room  essential  to  his  roving  disposition.  Since  the  treaty  of 
Greenville  the  red  men  of  Ohio  no  longer  crossed  the  river  to  hunt  and  inci- 
dentally maraud  the  neutral  ground  that  lay  beyond.  There  was  a  temporary 
lull  in  the  dreadful  business  of  scalping  and  tomahawking,  which  had  long 
constituted  the  chief  occupation  of  the  border. 

After  spending  eight  years  in  Kentucky,  Alexander  Huston  concluded 
to  recross  the  great  river  and  cast  his  destinies  with  the  new  territory  of 
Indiana.  At  the  time  of  his  arrival  there  was  little  in  the  prospect  that  gave 
promise  of  the  magnificent  commonwealth  which  we  now  see  before  us.  No 
development  of  consequence  had  as  yet  taken  place,  and  the  aspect  of  nature 
exhibited  almost  its  original  solitude.  The  majestic  forests  of  oak,  walnut, 
hickory  and  elm  stretched  in  unbroken  masses  from  the  Ohio  line  to  the 
Illinois  border,  and  from  the  great  lakes  on  the  north  to  the  graceful  wind- 
ings of  La  Belle  Riviere  on  the  south.  There  were,  it  is  true,  some  scores 
of  thousands  of  adventurous  people  on  the  scene,  but  they  were  widely  scat- 
tered, and  110  towns  of  any  importance  had  as  yet  appeared,  and  such  villages 
as  had  been  established  were  mostly  confined  to  the  Ohio  river  border.  Alex- 
ander Huston  settled  upon  a  tract  of  land  in  the  southern  section  about  1813, 
and  from  that  time  on  was  a  very  active  agent  in  affairs  preceding  the  forma- 
tion of  the  state.  He  was  also  elected  a  member  of  the  first  legislature  of 
Indiana,  which  assembled  at  Corydon,  took  a  leading  part  in  the  important 
proceedings  of  that  body  and  remained  continually  in  office  until  the  capital 
was  removed  to  Indianapolis  in  1825,  and  was  a  member  of  the  first  session 
in  Indianapolis. 

William  Alexander  Huston,  son  and  namesake  of  the  pioneer  above  de- 
scribed, was  born  in  August,  1814,  in  Washington  county,  near  New  Phila- 
delphia, on  a  homestead  a  part  of  which  has  never  since  left  the  possession  of 
the  family.  He  educated  himself  for  a  physician  in  the  medical  college  at 
Louisville,  practiced  some  years  in  Indiana  and  in  1852  removed  to  Illinois, 
where  he  was  engaged  in  his  profession  when  the  outbreak  of  the  Civil  war 
convulsed  the  country.  He  was  appointed  surgeon  of  the  One  Hundred  and 
Thirty-seventh   Regiment.   Illinois  Volunteer   Infantry,   with   which    he  per- 


formed  arduous  service  in  the  line  of  his  profession  until  his  health  broke 
down  under  the  strain  and  brought  on  his  death  in  June,  1864,  at  Memphis, 
Tennessee.  In  early  manhood  Dr.  Huston  had  been  married  in  Salem,  In- 
diana, to  Sarah,  daughter  of  James  Thompson,  of  that  place,  and  four  of  the 
five  children  by  this  union  are  still  living.  The  widow,  now  in  the  seventy- 
sixth  year  of  her  age,  still  lives  at  Salem,  Indiana. 

Thad  Huston,  one  of  the  sons  of  this  estimable  matron,  was  born  in 
Washington  county,  Indiana,  April  15,  1846,  but  as  his  father  shortly  after- 
ward removed  to  Illinois  he  received  his  education  in  that  state.  He  was 
attending  school  in  McDonough  county  when  the  war  opened,  and  with  his 
father's  regiment  went  to  the  front,  from  which  the  father  was  never  destined 
to  return.  On  the  21st  day  of  August,  1864,  scarcely  four  months  after  his 
enlistment,  the  subject  of  this  sketch  received  a  gunshot  wound  in  the  knee 
in  one  of  the  fights  near  Memphis,  which  disabled  him  for  further  service  and 
produced  an  injury  from  the  effects  of  which  he  has  never  fully  recovered. 
He  was  honorably  discharged  at  Springfield,  Illinois,  in  October,  1864,  and 
returned  to  his  home  for  rest  and  recuperation.  During  the  summer  of  1866 
he  was  engaged  in  service  with  the  freedmen's  bureau  and  as  contract  steward 
at  the  hospital  in  Vicksburg,  but  in  the  fall  of  that  year  returned  to  Illinois 
and  entered  upon  the  study  of  law.  Being  admitted  to  practice  in  March, 
1868,  he  went  to  Chicago  in  the  following  spring  and  secured  a  position  as 
collector  or  agent  for  a  large  wholesale  house.  He  was  thus  engaged  when 
the  disastrous  fire  of  1871  practically  destroyed  the  great  lake  city  and  threw 
himself  and  thousands  of  others  out  of  employment.  For  the  fourteen  fol- 
lowing years  he  practiced  law  at  Salem.  Indiana,  and  during  this  time  became 
quite  prominent  in  the  Republican  politics  of  the  state.  He  was  a  delegate  to 
the  famous  national  convention  at  Chicago  in  1880.  in  which  the  "immortal 
306"  made  the  great  fight  to  elect  General  Grant  for  a  third  term,  but  which 
eventuated  in  the  nomination  of  James  A.  Garfield  for  the  presidency. 

About  this  time  Mr.  Huston's  attention  had  been  attracted  to  the  ad- 
vantages offered  by  the  Puget  Sound  country  to  enterprising  emigrants,  and 
he  determined  to  cast  his  lot  with  this  part  of  the  northwest.  So  in  1887  he 
closed  up  his  affairs  in  Indiana,  took  a  transcontinental  train  for  Washington, 
and  before  the  end  of  the  year  was  domiciled  at  Tacoma  in  the  practice  of 
law.  He  soon  attracted  attention  and  received  recognition  by  appointment  as 
master  in  chancery  for  the  United  States  circuit  court  for  the  western  district 
of  Washington.  This  office  he  filled  acceptably  until  1900,  when  he  was 
elected  judge  of  the  superior  court  of  Pierce  county  for  the  term  which  is 
still  uncompleted.  A  number  of  talented  Indianians  have  achieved  success 
and  obtained  official  recognition  in  the  new-  state  of  Washington,  but  none 
have  reflected  more  honor  upon  the  Hoosier  commonwealth  than  Judge 
Huston.  Both  as  a  lawyer  and  judge,  as  well  as  in  all  the  characteristics  of 
a  good  citizen,  he  has  commended  himself  to  his  associates  and  proved  a 
valuable  acquisition  to  the  progressive  city  on  the  Sound. 

The  social  relations  of  Judge  Huston  are  in  every  way  agreeable  and  in 
keeping  with  the  character  of  the  man.  Some  years  ago  Miss  Rose  L.  Ken- 
rich,  a  young  lady  from  Illinois,  was  appointed  as  one  of  (he  teachers  in  the 
Tacoma  schools  and  attracted  attention  by  her  superior  qualifications  as  an 


educator.  She  is  a  daughter  of  Solomon  Kenrich,  who  at  present  resides  in 
White  county,  Indiana,  to  which  section  he  removed  from  his  old  home  in 
Illinois.  On  the  20th  of  June,  1898,  Judge  Huston  and  Miss  Kenrich  were 
happily  wedded,  and  have  since  been  pleasantly  domiciled  in  one  of  the  most 
commodious  residences  in  Tacoma,  where  a  genial  but  unostentatious  hos- 
pitality is  extended  to  their  many  friends.  By  virtue  of  his  war  service 
Judge  Huston  is  eligible  to  membership  in  various  patriotic  organizations, 
but  confines  his  fraternal  relations  to  comradeship  with  the  Military  Order  of 
the  Loyal  Legion  and  the  Tacoma  branch  of  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic. 


Urban  G.  Wynkoop  of  Wynkoop-Vaughan  Drug  Company,  Tacoma, 
Washington,  was  born  at  Plummer,  Venango  county,  Pennsylvania,  in  1863, 
and  is  a  son  of  J.  F.  and  Elizabeth  (Leech)  Wynkoop.  J.  F.  Wynkoop  was 
born  in  northwestern  Pennsylvania,  of  Holland  Dutch  stock,  his  ancestry 
being  among  the  early  settlers  near  New  Amsterdam,  in  with  the  Holland 
Dutch  land  grant  company  on  the  Hudson  river.  Urban  G.  Wynkoop  re- 
ceived an  excellent  preliminary  education  in  the  schools  of  Jamestown,  New 
York,  and  finished  at  Pittsburg,  Pennsylvania,  where  he  attended  the  Pitts- 
burg College  of  Pharmacy,  a  department  of  Western  University  of  Pennsyl- 
vania, from  which  he  graduated  in  1886. 

Before  the  close  of  his  school  days,  however,  he  owned  two  drug  stores, 
one  in  Allegheny  city  and  another  at  Springfield,  Pennsylvania;  this  was 
before  he  was  twenty-one  years  of  age.  In  the  fall  of  1886  he  sold  out  his 
business  and  went  to  Washington,  D.  C,  where  for  a  year  he  was  in  the 
employ  of  Shellor  &  Stephens,  on  the  corner  of  Ninth  and  Pennsylvania 
avenues,  one  of  the  best  drug  stores  in  that  city.  A  year  later  he  removed 
to  Tacoma  and  bought  into  the  drug  business  of  Slayden  &  Sayer.  Still 
later,  with  Mr.  Slayden  as  a  partner,  he  started  as  a  branch  store,  the  Crystal 
pharmacy,  at  the  corner  of  Ninth  and  C  streets,  but  they  afterwards  dissolved 
partnership,  Mr.  Wynkoop  taking  the  large  store  in  the  Fife  Block  where 
the  Donnelly  Hotel  office  now  is.  About  1896  he  removed  to  his  present 
location,  the  southwest  corner  of  Ninth  street  and  Pacific  avenue,  the  best 
retail  location  in  Tacoma.  For  several  years  past  Mr.  Elmer  P.  Vaughan 
has  been  a  partner  in  the  business,  which  is  conducted  under  the  name  of 
Wynkoop-Vaughan  Company.  The  concern  does  a  very  large  business,  and 
both  gentlemen  are  successful  and  enterprising  business  men.  Mr.  Wynkoop 
is  a  member  of  the  Chamber  of  Commerce  and  belongs  to  all  the  leading  fra- 
ternal organizations  of  Tacoma. 

In  June,  1882,  Mr.  Wynkoop  was  married  at  Jamestown,  New  York,  to 
Miss  Mittae  F.  Georgi,  and  two  sons  have  been  born  to  them :  William  and 
Albro  G,  both  of  whom  are  being  educated  in  college.  The  pleasant  home 
at  307  North  J  street  is  a  favorite  gathering  place  for  the  many  friends  of 
the  family,  and  both  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Wynkoop  are  highly  respected  by  a  large 
circle  of  friends.  Mr.  Wynkoop  has  been  identified  with  the  State  Pharma- 
ceutical Association  since  its  organization  about  fourteen  years  ago,  and  at 

'PThe  nevTtorF 




its  last  convention,  held  July  18-21,  he  was  elected  president  of  the  associa- 
tion. He  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  association,  and  assisted  in  draft- 
ing the  first  pharmaceutical  law  in  the  state. 


Eric  Edward  Rosling,  a  leading  member  of  the  Tacoma  bar,  has  been  a 
successful  law  practitioner  in  this  city  during  the  past  fourteen  years,  his 
residence  in  the  Evergreen  state  dating  from  the  1st  of  June,  1890.  His 
birth  occurred  in  the  far-off  land  of  Sweden,  March  3,  1865,  being  a  son  of 
Charles  E.  and  Charlotte  (Peterson)  Rosling,  natives  also  of  that  country. 
Their  marriage  was  celebrated  in  the  land  of  their  nativity,  and  in  the  fall  of 
1865,  when  the  subject  of  this  review  was  less  than  a  year  old,  they  took  up 
their  abode  in  Boston,  Massachusetts,  where  they  have  ever  since  made  their 
home.  They  are  consistent  members  of  the  Lutheran  church,  and  are  people 
of  the  highest  respectability  and  worth. 

Eric  Edward  Rosling,  the  only  son. of. this  worthy  couple,  received  his 
elementary  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Boston,  after  which  he  matricu- 
lated in  the  Boston  University,  and  in  tSSc/ihe  completed  the  course-  in  the 
Boston  Law  School  and  was  given  the  degree  of  LL.  B.  In  1889  he  came 
to  Washington,  selecting  Tacoma  as  the  future  field  of  his  endeavor,  and 
although  he  had  no  acquaintances  when  he  'arrived  iiere  be  soon  formed  a  law 
partnership,  and  for  two  years  the  firm'' of  Garretson,  Parker  &  Rosling  en- 
joyed a  large  and  lucrative  patronage,  -Severing  his  connection  therewith, 
Mr.  Rosling  has  since  practiced  alone.  From  the  beginning  of  his  profes- 
sional career  he  has  met  with  a  fair  degree  of  success,  and  his  clientage  is 
now  of  a  distinctively  representative  character.  The  Republican  party  re- 
ceives his  hearty  support  and  co-operation,  and  during  the  years  of  1893-4 
he  served  as  city  attorney,  while  for  two  years  he  was  president  of  the  board 
of  education.  He  has  long  been  prominent  and  active  in  promoting  the  edu- 
cational interests  of  the  city,  and  the  normal  school  was  established  during 
his  term  of  service  on  the  board,  and  he  has  also  been  an  active  member  and 
secretary  of  the  board  of  the  Young  Men's  Christian  Association,  aiding 
materially  in  the  procuring  of  their  building  and  the  necessary  furnishings. 
Although  his  interests  are  many  and  varied,  he  has  never  neglected  his  re- 
ligious duties,  and  is  a  valued  member  of  the  First  Baptist  church  of  Tacoma, 
in  which  for  nine  years  he  served  as  superintendent  of  the  Sunday  school,  and 
now  has  the  largest  young  people's  class  of  any  church  in  the  city,  it  having 
a  membership  of  ninety-six,  and  much  good  has  resulted  from  its  association. 

The  marriage  of  Air.  Rosling  was  celebrated  in  [890,  when  Miss  "Minnie 
Belle  Lincoln  became  his  wife,  she  being  a  native  of  Boston  and  a  daughter  of 
Freeman  Lincoln,  a  member  of  the  same  family  from  which  President  Lincoln 
was  descended.  Three  children  have  been  born:  Hattie,  nine  years;  Marion, 
seven  years;  Edward,  six  years.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Rosling  reside  in  a  beautiful 
home  in  Tacoma.  the  residence  being  built  in  1893.  and  they  have  a  charming 
home  at  Steilacoom.  In  his  fraternal  relations  he  is  a  member  of  both 
branches  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  and  is  also  connected 
with  its  auxiliary,  the  Rebekahs. 



One  of  the  most  picturesque  phases  of  our  national  life  was  the  days  of 
the  old  "side-wheeler"  steamboat  on  the  great  rivers  of  the  central  west. 
Many  tales  have  been  told  illustrative  of  the  career  of  the  steamboatman,  and 
that  prince  of  humorists.  Mark  Twain,  who  was  himself  one  of  the  best  pilots 
that  ever  steered  a  boat  by  a  snag  or  sandbank,  has  preserved  these  pioneer 
incidents  of  river  traffic  in  his  immortal  works.  And  it  is  a  matter  of  history 
that  the  great  Lincoln  also  was  a  well  known  figure  on  the  Mississippi  long 
before  he  was  ever  an  aspirant  for  political  honors.  It  is  a  matter  of  pride 
with  Mr.  Davis,  whose  life  is  the  subject  of  this  biography,  that  he  passed 
some  of  the  years  of  his  early  boyhood  in  boating  on  the  river,  and  he  has 
many  reminiscences  of  his  experiences  in  that  rough  but  honest  life. 

His  father  was  Captain  Henry  C.  Davis,  who  came  of  Welsh  ancestry 
and  was  of  Kentucky  parentage,  but  was  born  in  Harrison  county,  Indiana. 
He  enlisted  at  the  first  call  for  defenders  of  the  Union  and  was  enrolled  in 
the  Thirteenth  Indiana  cavalry,  serving  throughout  the  entire  war  and  being 
raised  to  the  rank  of  captain.  He  is  a  farmer  and  cattleman,  and  is  now 
living  at  Bucklin,  Kansas.  His  wife  was  Sarah  E.  Edmondson  and  was  a 
native  of  Indiana:  she  is  still  living. 

Their  son,  James  H..  was  born  at  Fredericksburg,  Harrison  county,  In- 
diana, on  August  22,  1866.  He  was  just  eleven  years  old  when  he  left  his 
home  and  began  working  on  the  steamboats  which  plied  on  the  Ohio  and 
Mississippi,  these  being  the  chief  modes  of  transportation  between  the  north 
and  south.  James  was  not  only  a  hard  and  willing  worker,  hut  was  very 
economical,  and  when  he  had  saved  up  considerable  money  from  this  service 
he  returned  to  New  Albany.  Indiana,  and  resolved  to  carry  on  the  education 
which  had  been  so  much  neglected  in  his  youth.  Accordingly  he  attended  a 
business  college  there  and  graduated  in  1884.  His  desire  for  a  good  mental 
training  was  not  yet  satisfied,  and  on  his  own  resources  he  attended  the  De 
Pauw  University  at  Greencastle,  Indiana,  for  two  years.  He  now  felt  him- 
self better  equipped  for  the  battles  of  life,  and  went  west  to  Granada.  Colo- 
rado, where  he  remained  for  three  years  engaged  in  general  merchandising 
and  banking.  He  then  came  to  Tacoma.  arriving  here  on  March  10,  1889. 
He  entered  the  employ  of  the  street  railway  company,  of  which  he  was  the 
purchasing  agent  for  three  years  and  three  years  following  was  the  general 
superintendent.  Once  more  he  embarked  in  the  mercantile  business  and  con- 
tinued it  with  gratifying  success  until  the  fall  of  1900.  when  he  was  elected 
as  the  candidate  of  the  Republicans  of  the  county  to  the  important  position  of 
auditor.  His  term  was  for  two  years,  and  in  the  fall  of  1902  he  was  up  for 
re-election  and  was  re-elected  by  the  largest  majority  ever  given  in  Pierce 
county.     He  is  a  very  popular  man  and  has  made  a  most  capable  official. 

Mr.  Davis  and  Miss  Olive  L.  Luzader  were  married  at  Carlton,  Colo- 
rado, November  2.  1888;  they  have  no  children.  Mr.  Davis  is  past  grand 
master  and  past  grand  representative  of  the  Washington  Odd  Fellows  and 
also  belongs  to  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen  and  Fernhill  Lodge 
No.  80  A.  F.  &  A.  M. 



David  C.  Bothell,  one  of  the  most  prominent  citizens  of  Bothell,  Wash- 
ington, and  owner  of  the  townsite,  was  born  May  3.  1820,  in  Indiana  county, 
Pennsylvania.  His  father  was  George  Bothell,  born  on  the  ocean,  and  he 
made  his  home  in  Pennsylvania,  being  a  farmer  and  tanner.  In  the  war  of 
18 12  he  enlisted,  but  never  saw  active  service.  His  death  occurred  in  1834 
or  1835.  The  family  is  an  old  Revolutionary  one.  of  Scotch-Irish  descent. 
The  mother  bore  the  maiden  name  of  Nancy  Johnson,  and  she  was  born  in 
Ireland,  but  died  at  the  age  of  ninety  years,  about  1880.  Six  children  were 
born  of  this  marriage,  namely:  David  C. ;  William,  living  in  Indiana;  Caro- 
line, widow  of  Ben  Henderson,  resides  in  the  south;  Elizabeth,  widow  of  a 
Mr.  McWilliams,  of  Nebraska;  Florana,  widow  of  Steward  Walker,  of  Penn- 
sylvania: Mary  Jane,  widow  of  Benjamin  Walker  of  Nebraska. 

David  C.  Bothell  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Indiana  county, 
Pennsylvania,  and  at  the  death  of  his  father  helped  to  support  the  family  by 
working  on  the  farm  and  at  the  carpenter  trade  until  he  was  twenty-four 
years  of  age.  On  February  27.  1844.  he  was  married  to  Mary  Ann  Felmley. 
born  in  Center  county.  Pennsylvania,  and  a  daughter  of  John  Felmley.  a  miller 
of  New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania,  of  German  descent.  Mrs.  Bothell's  mother 
was  born  in  New  Jersey.  The  following  family  was  born  to  them,  namely : 
John,  deceased,  served  two  years  in  the  war;  George  served  three  years  in  the 
war.  but  at  present  is  in  a  milling  and  logging  business  near  Bothell,  and  has 
served  two  terms  in  the  state  legislature:  David,  a  laborer  of  Bothell:  and 
Labert.  in  the  mercantile  business  in  Iowa  and  Minnesota;  while  the  girls  are 
Mary  Ann,  who  married  Robert  Campbell,  a  retired  blacksmith  of  Bothell : 
Rachael.  who  married  John  M.  Keener,  a  teamster  of  Bothell :  and  Clarissa, 

After  his  marriage  David  C.  Bothell  worked  at  his  trade,  at  teaming 
and  in  sawmills  in  Pennsylvania,  near  the  Stewardson  furnace.  On  February 
19,  1864,  he  enlisted  in  Company  K.  Fourteenth  Pennsylvania  Volunteer  In- 
fantry, and  served  through  the  war  until  November.  1865.  He  participated 
in  thirty-nine  engagements,  including  those  of  the  Shenandoah  Valley.  Peters- 
burg and  Winchester.  He  belonged  to  Averal's  brigade,  and  was  kept  march- 
ing all  the  time.  While  not  wounded,  his  back  was  injured  on  account  of  his 
horse  falling  upon  him,  while  he  was  jumping  a  ditch.  His  honorable  dis- 
charge was  delivered  in  November,  1865. 

In  1866  he  removed  to  Calhoun  county.  Illinois,  and  engaged  in  a  wood 
business  on  the  Mississippi  river  until  the  fall  of  1871,  when  he  moved  to 
Palmyra.  Missouri,  and  embarked  in  farming  and  dealing  in  wood.  How- 
ever, in  the  fall  of  1874  he  again  made  a  change,  and  this  time  located  in 
Clayton  county.  Iowa,  and  continued  his  farming  operations,  and  found  work 
at  his  old  trade  as  a  carpenter.  In  1883  he  went  to  Seattle.  Washington, 
and  after  a  year  moved  to  what  is  now  Bothell.  purchased  the 
ground  and  platted  the  town  that  is  named  after  him.  For  seven  vears  he 
was  engaged  in  logging  and  lumbering,  as  well  as  in  shingle  mills,  and  was 
then  burned  out.  After  rebuilding  he  sold  his  interest  and  erected  the  Bothell 
Hotel,  which  he  has  operated  ever  since. 


In  politics  lie  is  a  stanch  Republican,  and  was  active  in  the  past  and  a 
prominent  political  factor.  He  was  the  father  of  the  county  as  well  as  of  the 
town,  and  served  as  road  supervisor.  Mr.  Bothell  is  a  member  of  the  Metho- 
dist Episcopal  church,  and  has  given  a  large  amount  of  ground  for  church 
purposes,  not  only  to  the  Methodist  church,  but  to  other  denominations.  Fra- 
ternally he  is  a  member  of  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic,  and  is  a  man 
highly  respected  and  much  revered  by  those  who  know  and  appreciate  him. 


With  astonishing  rapidity  have  the  business  interests  of  the  northwest 
sprung  up  and  been  developed,  and  this  section  of  the  country  is  continually 
drawing  to  it  men  of  enterprise  and  capability  who  have  become  the  founders 
of  extensive  business  concerns  which  contribute  to  commercial  and  industrial 
activity  as  well  as  to  individual  prosperity.  Mr.  Alexander,  now  the  presi- 
dent and  manager  of  the  Commercial  Dock  Company,  has  resided  here  since 
1890.  He  was  born  in  Colorado  Springs,  Colorado,  in  1S79,  and  is  a  son  of 
E.  S.  and  Emma  (Foster)  Alexander.  The  father  was  born  in  Connecticut 
of  Scotch  parentage,  the  grandfather  of  our  subject  having  been  of  the  "  gen- 
tleman "  class  in  Scotland,  where  he  bore  the  title  of  Sir.  During  the  most 
of  his  active  business  life  E.  S.  Alexander  was  a  member  of  the  well  known 
firm  of  Russell  &  Alexander,  water-works  contractors,  with  main  offices  at 
Buffalo,  New  York.  They  built  water-works  plants  throughout  the  cities  of 
the  middle  west,  in  Minnesota,  Iowa,  Missouri,  Kansas  and  Colorado.  In 
1890  Mr.  Alexander  came  with  his  family  from  the  last  named  state  to  Ta- 
coma,  where  he  was  soon  prominent  as  a  capitalist  and  investor.  Here  he 
lived  until  his  death,  which  occurred  when  he  was  fifty-three  years  of  age. 
His  widow,  who  still  survives  him,  was  born  in  Massachusetts,  a  descendant 
of  Major  Hubbard,  a  soldier  of  the  Revolutionary  war,  but  farther  back  than 
that,  into  an  early  colonial  epoch,  can  the  history  of -the  family  be  traced,  and 
is  was  originally  English.  Going  back  only  a  few  generations,  the  maternal 
ancestry  is  found  to  be  also  that  of  Addison  D.  Foster,  of  Tacoma.  United 
states  senator  from  Washington.  Mrs.  Alexander  is  a  member  of  the  Society 
of  the  Daughters  of  the  American  Revolution. 

Hubbard  F.  Alexander  was  born  in  Colorado  Springs,  where  his  father 
resided,  but  was  a  lad  of  only  eleven  years  at  the  time  of  the  removal  to  Ta- 
coma. The  greater  part  of  his  education,  therefore,  was  acquired  in  the  public 
schools  of  this  city.  After  his  father's  death,  and  when  still  quite  young,  he 
became  ambitious  to  do  something  for  himself,  and  began  work  on  the  docks 
of  Tacoma  as  longshoreman.  When  he  had  passed  a  year  in  that  way  he  en- 
tered the  Tacoma  office  of  Dodwell  &  Company,  of  China  and  Japan,  general 
importing  and  exporting  agents  and  ship-owners,  with  whom  he  remained 
for  about  four  years,  when  he  entered  the  service  of  the  Commercial  Dock 
Company.  There  he  won  promotion  until  he  finally  became  manager,  and  in 
1900  he  bought  a  half  interest  in  the  business,  his  partner  being  Carl  L.  Steb- 
bins.  Mr.  Alexander  is  serving  as  president  and  manager,  and  his  partner, 
who  is  also  an  experienced  man  in  the  marine  shipping  business,  is  the  secre- 
tary and  treasurer.     The  Commercial  Dock  Company  controls  the  most  im- 


portant  and  extensive  business  of  its  kind  in  Tacoma,  and  at  the  present  time 
is  expanding  its  business  to  greater  proportions  than  ever  before,  and  are  now 
building  a  new  dock  and  dock  warehouse  on  the  water  front,  the  dock  to  be 
four  hundred  and  eighty  feet  long,  the  building  four  hundred  feet  long.  All 
of  these  improvements  have  been  completed  in  the  present  year  (1903).  The 
Commercial  Dock  Company  does  a  general  shipping,  commission,  dockage, 
wharfage  and  storage  business,  and  is  general  agent  for  a  number  of  steam- 
ship companies. 

Both  Mr.  Alexander  and  Mr.  Stebbins  are  members  of  the  Chamber  of 
Commerce,  Mr.  Stebbins  being  a  trustee  of  that  body.  Both  are  men  of 
marked  enterprise  and  business  ability  and  are  valued  members  of  the  Union 
Club.  Mr.  .Alexander  is  yet  a  young  man  but  twenty-four  years  of  age,  yet 
from  his  youth  he  has  been  a  factor  in  business  circles  in  Tacoma,  coming  more 
and  more  into  prominence  as  the  years  pass  by,  and  the  splendid  success  which 
he  has  already  achieved  may  well  be  envied  by  many  an  older  man.  His 
ability  is  widely  recognized,  his  energy  is  a  salient  feature  in  his  career,  and 
his  business  methods  are  honorable  and  commendable. 

daniel  McGregor. 

Daniel  McGregor  is  one  of  the  pioneer  residents  of  Tacoma,  having  lo- 
cated here  in  1881,  and  few  men  are  more  familiar  with  the  history  of  the 
development  and  upbuilding  of  the  city,  both  because  of  his  deep  interest  in 
her  welfare  and  also  because  of  his  real  estate  operations,  for  during  the  greater 
part  of  his  residence  here  he  has  been  engaged  in  real  estate  dealing. 

Mr.  McGregor  is  a  native  of  Picto,  Nova  Scotia,  and  a  son  of  Alexander 
and  Isabelle  (McDonald)  McGregor.  The  father  was  born  in  Scotland  and 
when  a  young  man  left  that  country  for  the  new  world,  settling  in  Nova 
Scotia,  where  he  followed  farming  until  his  death."  His  wife,  who  was  born 
in  Nova  Scotia,  of  Scotch  parentage,  has  also  passed  away. 

Upon  the  home  farm  Daniel  McGregor  was  reared  and  in  his  youth  he 
learned  the  carpenter's  trade,  which  he  followed  until  his  removal  to  the 
Canadian  Northwest  in  1877.  He  worked  at  different  places  in  British  Colum- 
bia until  1881  and  then  came  to  Tacoma,  casting  in  his  lot  with  its  pioneer 
settlers,  those  who  laid  the  foundation  for  the  present  prosperity  and  progress 
of  the  place.  After  a  year  or  two  he  began  operating  in  real  estate,  and  has 
since  remained  in  this  business.  Previous  to  the  panic  of  1893  he  had  invested 
quite  heavily  in  local  realty,  and  he  laid  out  and  put  upon  the  market  a  new 
addition  to  Tacoma,  known  as  McGregor's  addition,  and  also  put  on  the 
Montclair  addition  to  Tacoma.  In  those  days  he  took  an  active  part  in  many 
local  business  affairs  and  enterprises,  but  now  devotes  his  attention  quietly 
to  his  real  estate  dealing  and  his  home  interests.  He  has  an  office  in  rooms 
408-409  Berlin  building,  where  he  conducts  his  general  real  estate  and  loan 
business,  and  during  his  residence  here  he  has  bandied  much  valuable  property 
and  negotiated  important  loans,  both  avenues  of  his  business  activity  having 
been  of  benefit  to  the  city  as  well  as  the  source  of  his  own  prosperity. 

In  1890  Mr.  McGregor  went  to  Providence,  Rhode  Island,  and  was  there 
married  to  Miss  Clara  Barry,  a  young  lady  of  Scotch   family.     They  now 


have  four  children,  Mabel,  Warren  Barry,  Helen  and  Julia  Frances.  Their 
home  is  at  1003  South  I  street,  and  they  have  many  friends  in  the  city,  by 
whom  they  are  held  in  high  regard. 


A  study  of  the  sections  of  the  United  States  in  which  the  majority  of 
the  English-born  settlers  have  disposed  themselves  would  probably  reveal  that 
the  west  has  received  the  greater  part.  And  we  may  attribute  this  selection  of 
the  undeveloped  districts  for  settlement  as  due  to  the  inherent  character  of 
the  Anglo-Saxon  race  to  push  out  into  the  new  and  unexplored  regions  of 
the  world  and  bring  them  under  their  own  civilizing  power.  One  of  these 
progressive  and  wide-awake  English-Americans  in  Tacoma  is  S.  R.  Balkwill, 
who  has  made  a  reputation  for  his  enterprise  in  the  real  estate  and  loan  busi- 
ness, and  has  been  a  prominent  factor  in  building  up  the  material  interests  of 
the  city. 

Thomas  Balkwill,  his  father,  was  a  man  of  strong  character  and  lived  a 
very  long  and  eventful  life,  passing  it  in  many  climes  and  with  all  the  vicis- 
situdes incident  to  the  traveler.  He  was  a  native  of  Devonshire,  England, 
and  first  came  to  the  United  States  in  a  sailing  vessel  in  1844,  landing  at 
New  York.  The  gold  fever  of  forty-nine  seized  him,  and  he  was  soon  hurry- 
ing across  the  plains  with  the  thousands  of  others,  and  for  four  or  five  years 
was  delving  for  treasure  in  the  soil  of  California.  He  then  returned  to  Eng- 
land, but  soon  after  went  to  South  America  and  was  an  operator  in  the  silver 
mines.  One  of  his  most  valuable  acts  was  that  he  was  one  of  the  first  to  in- 
troduce guano  as  a  fertilizer,  importing  it  from  the  South  American  islands. 
There  is  not  space  here  to  detail  all  his  achievements  as  a  traveler,  adventurer 
and  explorer,  for  his  experiences  would  fill  almost  a  book  of  themselves.  He 
passed  his  last  days  in  his' old  home  at  Devonshire,  and  died  in  1877  at  the 
advanced  age  of  ninety-three.  His  wife's  maiden  name  was  Sarah  Rowtcliff, 
and  she  passed  all  her  life  in  Devonshire,  dying  in  1873. 

Samuel  Rowtcliff  was  born  in  Devonshire  in  1854.  His  early  life  was 
spent  in  England,  and  he  first  came  to  America  in  1870,  but  has  since  made 
the  voyage  across  the  Atlantic  many  times.  He  landed  at  Quebec,  where  he 
remained  two  weeks,  then  went  on  to  Montreal,  from  there  to  London,  On- 
tario, where  he  made  his  home  for  the  next  ten  years,  being  most  of  the  time 
connected  with  the  London  Furniture  Company.  He  lived  for  a  while  in 
Boston,  Massachusetts,  but  then  returned  to  Ontario  and  lived  for  six  years 
in  Belleville.  The  month  of  October,  1888,  is  the  date  of  his  coming  to  Ta- 
coma, and  his  first  business  venture  was  with  the  Tacoma  Cold  Storage  Com- 
pany, in  which  he  bought  an  interest.  On  January  1,  1890,  the  firm  of  Mor- 
rison &  Balkwill  was  established,  and  it  has  been  in  business  ever  since,  with 
constantly  increasing  success.  It  is  one  of  the  leading  firms  of  the  kind  in  the 
city  and  deals  in  all  kinds  of  real  estate,  investments,  loans,  etc.  Mr.  Balkwill 
has  always  labored  for  the  upbuilding  of  the  city  along  all  lines,  and  also 
takes  a  very  liberal  view  as  to  the  possibilities  of  the  entire  Puget  Sound 
country.     He  has  made  some  investments  in  mining  property. 

Mr.  Balkwill  was  married  in  Belleville,  Canada,  on  June  9,  1886,  to 
Miss  Anna  Corbett;  they  have  no  children.     He  has  gained  a  comfortable 


fortune,  and  he  well  deserves  it,  for  he  is  the  kind  of  business  man  that  Am 
ericans  like  to  honor  with  the  name  of  "  hustler."  He  is  a  prominent  Repub- 
lican and  has  been  a  delegate  to  all  the  county  conventions  and  several  times 
to  the  state  conventions.  He  is  high  in  the  order  of  Masonry  and  is  treasurer 
of  the  Ann  Temple,  Nobles  of  the  Mystic  Shrine;  he  was  treasurer  of  the 
blue  lodge  for  a  number  of  years.  He  is  esteemed  leading  knight  in  the  order 
of  the  Elks.  He  was  one  of  the  original  members  and  founders  of  the  Na- 
tional Union,  a  local  fraternal  society  that  is  now  in  a  flourishing  condition, 
and  he  is  also  one  the  trustees  of  the  Chamber  of  Commerce. 


If  one  should  cast  about  for  one  cause  above  all  others  which  has  ad- 
vanced civilization  within  the  past  century,  and  has  made  possible  the  unifica- 
tion and  knitting  together  of  this  vast  union  of  states  into  an  indissoluble  fed- 
eration, he  would  find  this  to  be  the  building  of  railroads,  without  which,  iso- 
lation of  the  different  sections  of  the  country  and  consequent  disintegration  of 
the  republic  would  have  been  inevitable.  So,  one  who  has  assisted  in  the 
construction  of  this  great  civilizing  agency  certainly  has  much  to  be  proud  of, 
and  Mr.  Peter  Irving,  who  is  a  prominent  capitalist  of  Tacoma,  has  made 
his  present  fortune  in  laying  many  miles  of  the  steel  ribbons  which  bind  the 
country  together. 

His  life  began  in  the  province  of  Ontario,  Canada,  on  February  25th, 
1841.  His  father  was  John  Irving,  a  native  of  Dumfrieshire,  Scotland,  but 
who  died,  in  1865,  in  Canada.  His  mother  was  Jeannette  Weir,  a  native  of 
the  same  place  in  Scotland,  and  she  died  within  two  weeks  of  her  husband's 
death.  There  was  another  son,  now  deceased,  and  two  daughters  live  in 
Canada.  When  Peter  was  twenty-three  years  old  he  left  home  and  came  to 
California,  but  after  remaining  in  San  Francisco  for  a  short  time  he  went  to 
Nevada,  where  he  spent  one  year,  engaged  in  the  lumber  business  in  the 
neighborhood  of  Washoe.  From  there  he  went  to  Idaho,  then  to  Montana, 
arriving  at  the  Last  Chance  gulch,  which  has  now  become  the  thriving  city  of 
Helena,  in  June  of  1866.  This  was  then  the  center  of  the  mining  excitement 
which  shifted  in  fervor  from  point  to  point  over  the  west  during  the  last  half 
of  the  preceding  century.  Mr.  Irving  engaged  in  the  feverish  pursuit  of 
the  hidden  gold  there  until  the  fall  of  1867,  when  he  started  upon  a  most  pic- 
turesque journey  down  the  Missouri  river  to  Omaha,  following  the  long  and 
devious  course  of  the  river  in  a  steamboat.  From  Omaha  he  went  to  his 
old  home  in  Canada,  but  the  west  was  the  center  of  attraction  for  him,  and 
the  next  spring  he  again  set  out.  The  new  Union  Pacific  road  was  then 
nearing  its  completion,  and  he  engaged  in  the  construction  work,  beginning 
his  operations  at  a  point  twelve  miles  wesl  of  Cheyenne,  and  completing  the 
road  into  Ogden,  Utah.  It  was  here  that  be  laid  the  foundation  for  his  present 
fortune,  and  also  his  most  important  life  work,  for  this  work  paid  him  enor- 
mous returns.  When  the  Union  Pacific  was  finished  Mr.  Irving  again  re- 
turned home,  but  after  a  short  visit  came  to  the  west  with  the  intention  of 
engaging  in  the  construction  work  of  the  Northern  Pacific,  which  was  just 
then  being  projected.     He  arrived  at  Duluth  in  September,    [869,  and  was 


on  the  ground  when  the  road  was  started  at  Thompson  Junction,  Minnesota. 
He  worked  here  until  the  spring  of  1873,  but  at  that  time  work  on  the  eastern 
end  of  the  road  slackened  up,  and  hearing  that  the  western  terminus  of 
the  road  would  probably  be  in  the  Puget  Sound,  he  resolved  to  gain 
the  advantage  of  being  the  first  on  the  ground.  Accordingly  he  arrived  in 
what  is  now  known  as  Old  Tacoma  on  October  6,  1873,  the  townsite  at  that 
time  not  having  been  surveyed ;  he  made  the  trip  by  way  of  San  Francisco. 
Since  this  time  Mr.  Irving  has  resided  in  Tacoma.  By  his  shrewd  busi- 
ness deals  and  his  marked  ability  as  a  railroad  contractor  he  has  made  his 
comfortable  fortune,  and  is  one  of  the  largest  property  owners  in  the  city. 
Besides  being  the  proprietor  and  owner  of  the  Irving,  the  finest  and  most 
modern  family  hotel  in  Tacoma,  he  owns  forty-four  residences  in  various  parts 
of  the  city  and  is  building  more.  He  has  been  an  important  factor  in  develop- 
ing and  building  up  the  city  for  a  longer  time  than  any  other  man,  and  in 
fact  deserves  the  title  of  "  the  oldest  inhabitant,"  for  there  are  at  present  no 
other  men  in  business  who  were  here  when  he  came.  He  belongs  to  the 
Chamber  of  Commerce,  and  is  ever  ready  to  support  measures  which  are  for 
the  city's  advantage.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Republican  party.  He  is  a  jolly 
bachelor,  and  his  past  success  and  his  recognized  eminence  in  the  business  and 
financial  world  make  him  one  of  the  most  esteemed  citizens  of  Tacoma. 


The  great  philosopher,  Carlisle,  somewhere  says,  in  effect,  that  the 
smallest  wave  of  influence  is  never  lost,  but  goes  on  and  on  until  it  beats 
upon  the  shores  of  eternity.  The  truth  of  this  has  been  recognized  even 
since  biblical  times  in  the  power  which  heredity  exerts  over  us  all,  and  in 
the  fact  that  we  are,  in  part,  what  out  forefathers  before  us  have  been.  So 
that  it  is  always  a  source  of  justifiable  pride  when  one  may  point  to  ancestors 
who  have  run  well  in  the  race  of  life.  Judge  Garretson  is  not  only  to  be 
congratulated  upon  the  record  of  the  family  in  the  past,  but  also  for  the 
part  he  has  played  in  the  world's  activities. 

His  paternal  ancestry  is  of  English  origin,  while  the  maternal  is  partly 
Welsh,  and  members  of  the  family  were  in  the  Revolution  and  in  the  war 
of  1812.  The  grandfather's  name  was  John,  and  he  was  an  adherent  of  the 
Quaker  faith.  His  son,  who  afterwards  became  known  as  the  Hon.  Wil- 
liam Garretson,  was  born  near  Smithfield,  Jefferson  county,  Ohio,  in  1801. 
When  sixteen  years  old  he  left  Ohio  and  went  to  the  state  where  his  family 
had  originated,  Pennsylvania,  making  his  home  in  Tioga.  He  early  showed 
forth  his  native  ability,  and  through  his  own  efforts  became  a  foremost  schol- 
ar. He  had  an  insatiable  desire  for  knowledge,  was  a  voracious  reader,  an 
able  speaker,  and  became  one  of  the  prominent  men  of  the  state.  He  was 
one  of  the  few  men  who  seem  to  have  an  intuitive  insight  into  the  future  and 
are  able  to  forecast  the  great  events  and  the  marvelous  developments  which 
have  transformed  the  United  States  within  the  last  century.  He  studied 
medicine  and  law  and  especially  in  the  latter  profession  gained  excellent  pres- 
tige.    He  was  a  member  of  the  Pennsylvania  legislature  from  1830  to  1836. 

THE  NEW  yVirY 



His  death  occurred  in  Washington,  D.  C,  in  1876.  His  wife  was  Emily 
Caulkins,  who  was  born  in  Tioga  in  181 5  and  is  still  living,  making  her 
home  with  Judge  Garretson  in  Tacoma.  Her  grandfather,  Dr.  William  Wil- 
lard,  was  the  founder  of  the  town  of  Willardsburg,  which  was  later  changed 
to  Tioga;  this  city  was  the  center  of  the  early  history  of  both  sides  of  the 

It  was  in  Tioga  that  Hiram  F.  Garretson  first  saw  the  light  of  day, 
his  birthday  being  on  May  12,  1843.  Early  in  his  youth  he  went  to  Elmira, 
New  York,  and  obtained  employment  in  a  store,  but  when  the  war  broke 
out  he  returned  to  Tioga  and  enlisted  in  Company  A,  One  Hundred  and 
Thirty-sixth  Pennsylvania,  entering  the  service  on  August  2,  1862,  and  being 
assigned  to  the  Army  of  the  Potomac.  His  service  was  in  the  states  of  Mary- 
land, Virginia,  Georgia,  Tennessee  and  Alabama,  and  during  the  two  and 
a  half  years  which  he  served  he  was  made  sergeant ;  he  was  mustered  out  at 
Harrisburg.  When  peace  was  restored  he  came  home  to  complete  the  edu- 
cation which  had  been  interrupted.  He  attended  the  Rochester  (New  York) 
Commercial  College  and  then  entered  the  Columbian  College  Law  School 
at  Washington,  where  he  graduated  in  1868.  He  then  took  a  position  in  the 
treasury  department,  but  resigned  in  1869.  .Going.-to.  Iowa  he  located  in 
Victor,  and  in  the  seventeen  years  he  lived  there  he  gained  a  very  fine  prac- 
tice, not  only  in  the  city  but  throughout  the  state.1  -  He  was  also  the  mayor 
of  Victor.  Judge  Garretson  has  been  a  resident  of  Tacoma  since  April  22, 
1887,  and  during  this  time  has  been  very  successful  in  the  law,  and  has  also 
played  a  prominent  part  in  many  affairs  of  the  city  and  state.  He  was  quar- 
termaster general  of  the  state  militia  with  the  rank  of  colonel ;  Governor 
Ferry  appointed  him  a  member  of  the  Harbor  Line  Commission,  and  in  that 
capacity  he  helped  to  locate  the  Puget  Sound  harbors. 

In  1867  Mr.  Garretson  was  married  to  Miss  Ella  M.  Hay  ward,  the 
ceremony  being  performed  in  New  York  city;  she  was  born  at  Springfield, 
Massachusetts.  They  have  four  children,  Carrie  H.,  Ellis  Lewis,  Stella  B. 
and  Susie  E. 


Lewellin  M.  Glidden  is  a  prominent  member  of  the  real  estate  firm  of 
Crosby  &  Glidden  of  Tacoma.  He  was  born  in  Chautauqua,  New  York,  in 
1850,  and  is  a  son  of  Dr.  Horace  and  Cornelia  A.  (Moore)  Glidden.  His 
paternal  ancestry  is  Welsh,  and  the  family  was  founded  in  the  United  States 
by  the  great-grandfather  of  our  subject,  who  left  his  home  in  Wales  in  order 
to  cast  in  his  lot  with  the  citizens  of  the  new  world.  From  early  manhood 
Dr.  Glidden  resided  in  Chautauqua  county,  New  York,  and  was  a  prominent 
physician  there,  long  practicing  his  profession  with  signal  success.  There  his 
death  occurred  in  November,  1901.  His  wife  is  still  living,  in  Tacoma, 

During  his  boyhood  days  Lewellin  M.  Glidden  attended  the  Union  school 
at  Jamestown,  where  he  prepared  for  college.  In  [868  he  matriculated  in 
Amherst  College  at  Amherst,  Massachusetts,  where  he  was  graduated  in  1872. 
He  then  took  up  the  study  of  law  in  Jamestown,  passing  his  final  examina- 


tions  in  Rochester,  after  which  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  that  place  in 
1876.  He  practiced  law  for  several  years  in  Jamestown  until  his  health  be- 
came impaired  because  of  the  confinement  necessitated  by  the  arduous  duties 
of  his  profession.  He  then  turned  his  attention  to  merchandising  for  a  time, 
and  subsequently  engaged  in  teaching,  conducting  a  classical  preparatory 
school  at  Jamestown  for  three  years,  at  the  expiration  of  that  period  becoming 
principal  of  the  Westfield  Academy  of  Westfield,  New  York,  where  he  re- 
mained for  two  years,  and  in  1883  he  arrived  in  Tacoma.  Once  more  he 
opened  an  office  and  began  the  practice  of  law  at  that  place,  at  first  alone, 
but  later  he  entered  into  partnership  with  Judge  Town,  with  whom  he  was 
associated  for  several  years,  building  up  a  large  and  successful  practice.  He 
occupied  a  prominent  position  in  the  foremost  ranks  of  the  representatives 
of  the  legal  profession  here.  His  legal  learning,  his  analytical  mind  and 
the  readiness  with  which  he  grasped  a  point  in  an  argument,  all  combined 
to  make  him  one  of  the  most  capable  lawyers  in  Tacoma.  At  length,  how- 
ever,, failing  health  forced  him  to  again  abandon  his  profession  and  he  em- 
barked in  the  real  estate  business,  in  which  he  is  still  engaged,  being  a  member 
of  the  firm  of  Crosby  &  Glidden,  with  offices  at  502  and  503  Berlin  building. 
They  do  a  general  real  estate  and  insurance  business,  and  Mr.  Glidden  has 
been  to  a  greater  or  less  extent  interested  in  real  estate  operations  since  his 
arrival  here.  He  is  also  financially  interested  in  mining  enterprises,  and  his 
judicious  investments  have  brought  to  him  good  financial  return.  In  the 
fall  of  1902  his  friends  prevailed  upon  him  to  become  a  candidate  for  school 
director,  and  he  made  a  good  canvass  but  was  defeated  by  a  very  small  ma- 
jority, although  he  ran  ahead  of  his  ticket. 

Mr.  Glidden  was  married  in  Jamestown,  New  York,  in  1876,  the  lady 
of  his  choice  being  Miss  Helen  R.  Robertson.  They  have  no  children  of 
their  own,  but  have  adopted  a  little  daughter,  Liela  Glidden.  Mr.  Glidden 
was  widely  and  favorably  known  throughout  much  of  Washington,  his  quali- 
fications well  fitting  him  for  political,  business  and  social  life.  He  has  labored 
for  the  improvement  of  every  line  of  business  or  public  interest  with  which 
he  has  been  associated,  and  at  all  times  has  been  actuated  by  fidelity  to  his 
country  and  her  welfare.  In  private  life  he  has  gained  for  himself  the  high 
personal  regard  which  arises  from  a  true  acknowledgment  of  character,  kind- 
ness and  generosity. 


The  law  has  ever  attracted  to  its  ranks  a  certain  class  of  men  gifted  with 
keen  perceptions  and  logical  minds,  men  who,  by  nature  or  training  or  both, 
are  peculiarly  fitted  to  deal  with  the  problems  which  arise  among  their  fel- 
lows. In  reviewing  the  prominent  members  of  the  Pierce  county  bar  the 
name  of  Herbert  S.  Griggs  takes  precedence  of  many  of  his  professional 
brethren,  and  we  are  pleased  to  present  to  his  numerous  friends  and  ac-i 
quaintances  this  sketch  of  his  useful  life. 

Mr.  Griggs  was  born  in  the  city  of  St.  Paul.  Minnesota,  on  the  28th 
of  February,  1861,  and  is  of  English  and  Scotch  ancestry.  He  is  a  son  of 
Chauncy  W.  Griggs,  one  of  Tacoma's  most  prominent  business  men,  and  his 


life  history  appears  elsewhere  in  this  work.  In  the  public  schools  of  the  city 
of  his  nativity  Herbert  S.  received  his  early  mental  training,  and  later  matricu- 
lated in  Yale  College,  graduating  in  the  classical  department  of  that  renowned 
institution  in  1882,  while  two  years  later  he  completed  its  law  course.  Being 
soon  afterwards  admitted  to  the  bar,  he  was  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his 
chosen  profession  in  St.  Paul  for  a  few  years,  and  during  that  time  served  as 
assistant  city  attorney.  In  the  year  1888  he  came  to  Tacoma,  Washington, 
where  he  has  ever  since  been  numbered  among  the  most  successful  law  prac- 
titioners, having  met  with  marked  success  in  his  chosen  calling.  He  has 
been  admitted  to  practice  in  all  the  courts  with  the  exception  of  the  supreme 
court  of  the  United  States.  In  political  matters  Air.  Griggs  formerly  gave  his 
support  to  the  Democratic  party,  but  in  later  years  has  been  independent,  and 
although  he  is  intensely  public-spirited  he  has  never  desired  the  honors  or 
emoluments  of  public  office,  preferring  to  give  his  entire  time  to  his  rapidly 
growing  patronage.  He  has  the  honor  of  being  president  of  the  local  branch 
of  the  Sons  of  the  Revolution,  being  fully  entitled  to  membership  in  that 
organization,  as  his  great-granduncle,  Colonel  Griggs,  was  an  officer  in  the 
war  for  independence,  and  several  others  of  his  ancestors  participated  in  that 
memorable  struggle.  This  organization  in  Tacoma  now  has  a  membership 
of  thirty,  and  is  confined  to  the  very  best  business  and  professional  men  in 
the  city.  Air.  Griggs  is  a  prominent  member  of  the  Congregational  church, 
in  which  he  is  now  serving  as  a  member  of  the  board  of  trustees,  and  he  is 
a  stockholder  in  all  of  his  father's  extensive  business  enterprises. 


This  distinguished  jurist,  who  is  at  present  occupying  the  position  of 
superior  court  judge  at  Tacoma,  is  of  New  England  stock  thoroughly  west- 
ernized by  long  residence  in  Ohio.  The  Chapmans  came  from  Hull,  England, 
and  settled  in  Connecticut  in  1635,  and  the  judge's  great-grandfather,  Nathan 
Chapman,  was  one  of  the  sturdy  farmers  of  the  state  of  Steady  Habits  in  a 
generation  long  gone  by.  Beman  Chapman,  son  of  Nathan,  was  also  a 
farmer,  but  in  1805  left  his  native  state  and  took  up  his  abode  in  the  famous 
Western  Reserve  of  Ohio.  He  was  among  the  first  of  the  pioneers  of  thai 
section,  and  spent  the  remainder  of  his  days  in  clearing  and  cultivating  the 
tract  of  land  which  he  purchased  after  his  arrival.  This  pioneer  farmer  left 
a  son,  Ira  O.  Chapman,  who  became  a  man  of  note  in  the  state  and  especially 
instrumental  in  building  up  its  educational  institutions,  lie  was  one  of  the 
founders  of  Mount  Union  College  at  Alliance,  was  its  vice  president  and 
one  of  the  teachers  until  the  time  of  his  death,  which  occurred  in  1880,  when 
he  was  in  the  fifty-fifth  year  of  his  age.  In  early  life  he  had  married  Jane 
Weston,  a  native  of  Augusta,  Ohio,  and  their  surviving  child  was  the  Tacoma 
judge  whose  career  constitutes  the  subject  matter  of  this  biography. 

William  O.  Chapman  was  born  at  Alliance.  Ohio,  March  19.  1859,  at- 
tended Mount  Union  College  and  was  graduated  in  the  classical  department 
in  1876.  For  four  years  subsequently  he  studied  law  with  Judge  Caldwell, 
at  Cleveland,  and  was  admitted  to  practice  before  the  supreme  court  of  Ohio 
in  1880.     During  the  following  year  he  removed  to  I 'oil  Townsend,  Wash- 


ington,  and  was  engaged  there  for  some  time  in  the  practice  of  his  profession, 
meantime  holding  the  office  of  deputy  collector  of  customs.  In  the  fall  of 
1885  he  located  at  Tacoma,  where  he  resumed  his  professional  work  and 
was  attorney  for  the  Northern  Pacific  Railroad  Company  for  eleven  years. 
In  1896  he  received  the  nomination  as  candidate  for  the.  office  of  superior 
court  judge  on  the  Republican  ticket.  This  was  the  year  of  the  famous  con- 
test between  Bryan  and  McKinley,  and,  though  the  east  and  middle  west  were 
solidly  Republican,  the  state  of  Washington  was  at  that  time  largely  under 
the  influence  of  the  Populist  party.  The  Republicans  were  unable  to  stem 
the  tide  then  sweeping  over  the  state,  and  went  down  in  temporary  defeat. 
Judge  Chapman,  however,  not  at  all  discouraged  and  well  knowing  there 
would  be  "  another  day  in  court,"  resumed  practice  and  bided  his  time  until 
there  should  be  another  trial  of  strength  between  the  parties.  In  1900  he 
was  renominated  by  the  Republicans,  made  an  effective  canvass  and  was  tri- 
umphantly elected  to  the  superior  court  bench  of  Pierce  county.  During  his 
incumbency  he  has  given  satisfaction  both  to  the  bar  and  the  public  at  large, 
his  rulings  being  considered  as  sound  and  his  general  deportment  of  the  kind 
that  indicates  the  judicial  temperament. 

In  1881  Judge  Chapman  was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss  Jessie  B. 
Mitchell,  a  native  of  Pennsylvania  and  daughter  of  Hon.  John  H.  Mitchell, 
United  States  senator  from  Oregon.  They  have  two  children,  Alice  I.  and 
Mildred,  both  born  in  Tacoma.  Judge  and  Mrs.  Chapman  are  members  of 
the  Presbyterian  church,  and  the  former  is  connected  with  the  order  of  Elks. 
He  has  been  a  life-long  Republican,  and  deserves  much  credit  for  having  stood 
firmly  for  sound  principles  when  the  wild  wave  of  financial  fanaticism  was 
sweeping  so  many  others  from  their  moorings. 


William  R.  Bradley,  president  of  the  Tacoma  Commission  Company,  of 
this  city,  was  born  in  St.  Louis,  Missouri,  in  185 1,  and  is  a  son  ot  Judge 
Charles  D.  and  Mary  (Rush)  Bradley.  His  paternal  ancestry  is  connected 
with  that  of  General  L.  P.  Bradley,  of  Tacoma,  whose  sketch  appears  else- 
where in  this  work,  although  in  this  generation  there  is  no  immediate  con- 
nection. The  Bradley  family  is  an  historic  one  in  the  annals  of  the  early  New 
England  states,  and  is  descended  from  John  Bradley,  who  was  the  first  of  the 
brothers  to  come  to  America  from  England,  the  date  of  his  arrival  being 
1687,  and  one  branch  located  in  Connecticut  and  another  in  the  state  of  New 
York,  our  subject  being  descended  from  the  latter. 

Charles  D.  Bradley,  the  father  of  William  Rush,  was  born  at  Albany, 
New  York,  and  is  the  youngest  brother  of  Judge  Joseph  P.  Bradley,  who  was 
one  of  the  chief  justices  of  the  United  States  supreme  court,  but  is  now  de- 
ceased. Charles  D.  was  reared  to  young  manhood  in  the  city  of  his  nativity, 
there  receiving  a  college  education  and  a  thorough  training  in  the  law.  In 
the  early  days  he  came  to  the  west,  locating  at  Chicago,  Illinois,  where  he 
made  his  home  for  a  few  years,  and  then  removed  to  St.  Louis,  Missouri. 
Practicing  law  in  the  latter  city  until  1870,  he  was  then  appointed  by  President 
Grant  United  States  district  attorney  for  the  territory  of  Colorado,  with  head- 


quarters  in  Denver.  He  continued  to  fulfill  the  duties  connected  with  that 
position  for  several  years,  during  which  time  he  took  a  prominent  part  in  the 
movement  leading  to  the  admission  of  Colorado  as  a  state,  and  it  is  a  matter 
of  history  and  should  be  here  recorded  in  justice  to  him  that  he  drafted  the 
constitution  for  the  new  state.  Later  in  life  he  removed  to  Florence,  Colorado, 
where  he  still  makes  his  home,  practically  retired  from  the  active  duties  of 
a  business  life,  although  the  appreciative  citizens  there  have  conferred  upon 
him  the  offices  of  city  and  county  attorney  and  the  district  judgeship.  He  is 
a  man  of  very  brilliant  legal  and  intellectual  attainments  and  a  highly  respected 
citizen  of  Colorado.  His  political  support  has  ever  been  given  to  the  Repub- 
lican party.  His  wife  also  still  survives,  and  her  birth  occurred  in  Pittsburg. 
She,  too,  is  descended  from  distinguished  ancestry,  and  her  mother  bore  the 
maiden  name  of  Nancy  Lee.  On  the  paternal  side  she  is  descended  from  a 
brother  of  Benjamin  Rush,  one  of  the  signers  of  the  Declaration  of  Inde- 

William  Rush  Bradley  remained  in  St.  Louis,  Missouri,  until  1876,  dur- 
ing which  time  he  pursued  his  education,  and  after  his  removal  to  Denver 
he  was  employed  in  his  father's  office  for  about  two  years.  For  a  number  of 
years  thereafter  he  held  various  positions.  For  about  four  years  he  was 
postmaster  at  Villa  Grove,  Colorado,  then  the  terminal  point  of  the  Denver 
&  Rio  Grande  Railroad,  which  was  being  builded  westward  at  that  time. 
Through  his  brother-in-law,  who  was  one  of  the  promoters  and  vice  president 
and  general  counsel  of  the  Colorado  Midland  Railroad,  he  secured  different 
positions  with  that  company,  and  when  the  road  was  completed  was  appointed 
agent  at  Manitou  Springs.  From  that  place  he  came  to  Tacoma  in  1889  and 
secured  a  position  with  the  Merchant's  National  Bank,  thus  continuing  until 
1893,  when  he  assumed  his  present  business  relations  with  the  Tacoma  Com- 
mission Company,  being  one  of  the  owners  of  the  concern.  They  conduct  an 
extensive  wholesale  business  in  fruits  and  produce  at  151 1  Pacific  avenue. 
He,  too,  gives  a  loyal  support  to  Republican  principles,  and  it  may  be  said 
that  he  has  taken  part  in  the  making  of  two  states,  having  voted  for  the  ter- 
ritory of  Colorado  to  enter  the  Union  in  1876  and  for  Washington  in  1889. 
For  several  years  he  served  as  one  of  the  park  commissioners  of  Tacoma,  is 
a  member  of  the  Chamber  of  Commerce  and  of  the  Union  Club,  and  is  one  of 
the  leading  and  representative  citizens  of  Tacoma. 

On  the  15th  of  June,  1882,  Mr.  Bradley  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
Frances  Secord,  the  wedding  being  celebrated  at  Silver  Cliff,  Colorado.  Mrs. 
Bradley  is  a  direct  descendant  of  Mrs.  Laura  Secord.  a  woman  noted  as  a 
Loyalist,  and  who  saved  a  British  army  in  the  war  of  1812.  She  was  born  in 
Massachusetts  in  1775.  and  was  a  daughter  of  Captain  Thomas  and  Sarah 
l  Whiting)  Ingersoll.  Her  father  was  a  very  wealthy  man.  and  her  maternal 
grandfather  was  General  John  Whiting,  of  Great  Barrington,  Massachusetts, 
the  family  on  both  sides  being  members  of  the  aristocracy.  In  the  stormy 
days  preceding  the  Revolution  the  [ngersolls  were  loyal  to  England  and 
joined  the  United  Empire  loyalists  in  Canada,  which  thereafter  remained  their 
home,  they  having  settled  in  the  county  of  York,  near  Niagara  Falls.  There 
Laura  Ingersoll  grew  to  young  womanhood  and  married  James  Secord,  an- 
other ardent  lovalist.     His  ancestrv  is  traced  back  to  the  time  of  Louis  X  of 


France.  They  were  Protestants,  and,  escaping  the  massacre  of  St.  Bartholo- 
mew by  flight  to  England,  lived  there  until  finally  five  Secord  brothers  came 
to  America,  where  they  founded  the  town  of  New  Rochelle,  New  York. 
There  the  descendants  lived  until  the  breaking  out  of  the  Revolution,  when 
they  emigrated  to  Canada,  settling  in  the  Niagara  district,  and  there  Laura 
Ingersoll  gave  her  hand  in  marriage  to  James  Secord.  During  the  war  of 
1812  the  Secords  were  active  defenders  of  England,  James  becoming  a  promi- 
nent British  soldier,  and  in  the  year  18 13  came  home  on  a  furlough,  having 
been  seriously  wounded  at  the  battle  of  Queenstown  Heights.  While  confined 
to  his  bed  and  unable  to  move,  his  wife  accidentally  overheard  a  conversa- 
tion of  some  American  soldiers  who  had  entered  the  house  and  demanded 
food,  that  the  Americans  were  on  their  way  to  capture  a  British  storehouse 
of  supplies  at  Beaver  Dam,  in  charge  of  Lieutenant  Fitzgibbon  and  thirty 
men.  Not  being  able  to  go  himself  to  Fitzgibbon  and  give  the  warning,  Mr. 
Secord's  wife  volunteered  the  hazardous  undertaking,  going  alone  and  on  foot 
a  distance  of  thirty  miles,  the  road  leading  through  almost  impenetrable 
forests,  filled  with  black  swamps,  quagmires,  swift  running  creeks,  etc.  She 
also  had  to  circumvent  several  American  sentries,  and  twice  she  encountered 
savage  Indians,  but  escaping  all  these  great  dangers  she  finally  reached  Beaver 
Dam  just  in  time  to  save  Lieutenant  Fitzgibbon  and  his  thirty  men.  This 
unusual  act  of  bravery  and  devotion  is  a  noted  one  in  the  annals  of  Canada, 
and  her  fame  is  not  only  preserved  in  the  historical  records  at  Ottawa  but 
has  been  a  subject  in  many  noted  Canadian  stories  and  poems,  the  most 
celebrated  being  a  dramatic  poem  entitled  "Laura  Secord,  the  Heroine  of 
1812,"  by  Sarah  Anne  Curzon,  a  very  meritorious  work.  James  Secord  be- 
came a  British  customs  officer  at  Chippewa,  Canada,  where  he  died  in  1841, 
and  there  his  wife  passed  away  in  death  in  1868. 


The  vast  forests  of  fir.  pine  and  cedar  of'  the  Pacific  coast  have  attracted 
men  of  means  to  that  locality,  and  were  one  of  the  prime  causes  in  bringing 
about  the  rapid  settlement  of  the  country;  and  since  the  introduction  of  rail- 
roads in  that  vicinity  the  lumber  industry  has  ramified  in  every  direction,  and 
even  the  least  accessible  places  are  being  reached  by  capital  in  the  hands  of 
enterprising  men.  One  of  the  large  concerns  engaged  in  the  production  of 
lumber  in  the  state  of  Washington  is  the  H.  J.  Miller  Lumber  Company. 
This  firm  has  a"  mill  at  Gate  in  Thurston  county  and  another  at  Index  at  the 
foot  of  Index  mountain  in  Snohomish  county,  and  own  several  tracts  of  very 
choice  timber.  The  company  emplovs  a  large  force  of  hands  and  manu- 
factures daily  about  eighty  thousand  feet  of  lumber,  the  greater  part  of  which 
is  sent  to  the  markets  of  the  east.  One  of  the  members  of  this  company  who 
has  traveled  extensively  in  making  sales  of  this  product  is  J.  G  Startup,  who 
resides  in  Chehalis. 

The  father  of  this  gentleman  was  George  Startup,  who  was  a  native  of 
England,  born  there  in  1821,  and  was  married  to  an  English  lady,  Frances 
Gibson.     They  were  both  members  of  the  Episcopal  church.     They  emigrated 


to  America  in  1870  and  lived  most  of  the  time  in  Washington,  where  the 
father  died  in  1892  at  the  age  of  eighty-one,  but  his  wife  still  survives  in  her 
seventy-first  year  and  resides  in  Seattle.  Three  children  were  born  in  England 
and  are  now  in  Washington,  George  being  at  the  town  of  Startup  in  the 
lumber  business,  and  Joseph  in  the  employ  of  the  government  in  the  light- 
house service;  and  the  subject  of  this  sketch.  Three  other  children,  Charles, 
Lucy  and  Viola,  were  born  in  the  United  States  and  are  living  in  Seattle, 

Jeremiah  Gibson  Startup  was  born  in  Greenwich,  England,  December 
15,  1866,  and  as  he  was  still  a  child  when  he  came  across  the  Atlantic  he  re- 
ceived the  greater  part  of  his  educational  training  in  this  country.  He  had  the 
privilege  of  attending  the  University  of  Washington,  and  as  soon  as  he  had 
completed  his  course  there  he  began  the  learning  of  the  principles  of  the  lum- 
ber trade,  and  has  ever  since  taken  every  opportunity  to  increase  his  acquaint- 
ance with  that  industry. 

He  was  married  in  1899  to  ^Iiss  Adah  Bailey,  a  native  of  St.  Paul,  Minne- 
sota. They  attend  the  Episcopal  church  and  are  highly  esteemed  in  the 
community.  Mr.  Startup  is  an  independent  in  political  matters,  and  on  account 
of  his  connection  with  traveling  salesmen  belongs  to  the  organization  of  com- 
mercial travelers,  and  to  that  distinctive  lumber  order,  the  Hoo  Hoos. 


C.  Stewart  Kale,  farmer,  horticulturist  and  dairyman  of  Everson,  Wash- 
ington, was  born  near  Pittsburg,  Pennsylvania,  in  1848,  in  the  oil  regions. 
He  is  a  son  of  Andrew  and  Rebecca  (Smith)  Kale,  and  the  father  was  born 
in  Ohio,  and  after  living  in  western  Pennsylvania  for  a  time  went  with  his 
family  to  Iowa  in  1856,  settling  on  a  farm  in  Muscatine  county.  He  was  one 
of  the  pioneers  there  and  became  a  successful,  well  known  man,  and  very 
highly  respected  at  the  time  of  his  death,  in  1S84,  in  that  locality.  The  mother 
also  died  in  Iowa,  hut  was  horn  in  Pennsylvania. 

C.  Stewart  Kale  was  reared  upon  the  farm  and  received  the  greater 
portion  of  his  education  in  the  schools  of  Muscatine  county,  having  only  at- 
tended school  a  year  or  so  prior  to  the  family  exodus  to  [owa.  At  the  age 
of  twenty-three  years  he  was  married  to  Charlotte  E.  McNeil,  and  the  young 
couple  began  their  homemaking  in  west  central  Iowa,  in  Audubon  county, 
where  they  settled  upon  a  farm.  There  they  lived  four  years,  and  then  in 
1882  came  to  Washington,  locating  in  Whatcom  county,  where  they  took  up 
a  pre-emption  claim  of  one  hundred  and  sixty-two  acres,  on  which  he  has 
made  his  home  ever  since.  His  farm  adjoins  the  town  of  Everson,  which  lies 
just  across  the  Nooksack  river,  and  was  built  up  long  after  Mr.  Kale  estab- 
lished his  home.  In  fact,  at  the  time  of  his  location  here  the  county  was  all 
virgin  forest.  Mr.  Kale  has  made  a  great  success  of  horticulture,  making  a 
specialty  of  prunes,  apples  and  cherries.  His  ranch  produces  large  crops  of 
hay  and  other  grains.  Another  large  interest  of  the  place  lies  in  the  line  dairy 
and  his  excellent  stock.  The  entire  property  has  been  cultivated  scientifically 
on  the  "intensive"  principle,  and  is  just  like  a  garden.     The  machinery  and 


other  implements  are  all  of  the  most  modern  make,  and  so  perfectly  is  every 
detail  managed  that  it  is  a  pleasure  to  watch  even  the  most  ordinary  task 

Mr.  Kale  is  deputy  county  assessor  for  townships  40  and  41,  north 
range,  4  east.  In  1884  he  was  elected  on  the  Republican  ticket  to  the  office 
of  county  commissioner  and  served  two  years,  and  he  has  always  taken  a 
lively  interest  in  local  affairs.  Both  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Kale  are  members  of  the 
Everson  Presbyterian  church,  in  which  Mrs.  Kale  is  a  greatly  beloved  lady 
and  hard  worker.     Eleven  children  have  been  born  to  them. 

For  a  few  years  Mr.  Kale  was  interested  in  a  local  shingle  mill,  but  is 
now  devoting  himself  exclusively  to  his  farm,  dairy  and  horticultural  experi- 
ments. When  he  first  located  here,  farming  was  only  an  experiment,  and 
his  claim,  as  before  stated,  was  covered  with  timber.  The  only  direction  he 
could  look  and  see  anything  was  upwards  towards  the  sky.  It  took  a  long 
time  to  hew  a  home  from  such  surroundings,  but  that  he  has  done  so  and 
very  successfully,  a  visit  to  his  beautiful  ranch  will  prove.  In  addition  to  his 
financial  success  Mr.  Kale  has  become  a  very  prominent  citizen,  and  is  greatly 
revered  in  Everson  as  an  old-time  pioneer  and  a  man  of  highest  integrity  of 


If  there  is  any  virtue  attached  to  the  condition  of  one's  birth  in  this 
great  land  of  America,  it  lies  not  in  being  born  wealthy,  or  in  high  station, 
or  with  any  of  the  specially  favoring  circumstances  which  are  the  delectable 
day-dreams  of  the  imaginative,  but  so  often  has  the  case  been  proved  that  it 
seems  to  be  a  tried  and  true  rule,  that  the  youth  who  would  gain  honor  and 
renown  must  begin  in  what  is  known  as  a  humble  station,  and  with  all  the 
adverse  winds  of  fortune  against  him  struggle  manfully  to  the  top.  It  is  ad- 
mitted that  there  are  exceptions  to  this  rule,  but  there  is  not  a  school  boy 
anywhere  who  could  not  adduce  sufficient  example  to  prove  the  statement. 
So  that  we  are  only  adding  more  evidence  to  the  chain  when  we  bring  before 
the  reader  the  life  of  the  present  mayor  of  the  city  of  Tacoma,  which  is  a 
record  of  advancement  from  the  puddling  department  in  an  iron  mill  to  a 
place  among  the  leaders  of  men. 

J.  M.  Campbell,  his  father,,  was  born  in  Pennsylvania  and  died  there 
in  1888.  He  was  an  employe  of  the  Cambria  Iron  Works  and  gained  a  good 
record  as  soldier  in  the  Civil  war.  He  enlisted  in  the  Third  Pennsylvania 
Infantry  for  three  months'  service,  being  commissioned  second  lieutenant. 
When  his  three  months  were  up,  he  returned  to  Johnstown  and  raised  the 
Fifty-fourth  Pennsylvania  Volunteers,  which  was  the  first  regiment  to  enter 
Camp  Curtin.  He  was  breveted  brigadier  general,  and  followed  the  flag  of 
the  Union  until  the  close  of  hostilities.  Most  of  his  service  was  in  the  states 
of  Maryland  and  Virginia,  where  he  commanded  the  brigade  guarding  the 
Baltimore  &  Ohio  Railroad.  His  wife's  maiden  name  was  also  that  well 
known  Scotch  title,  Campbell,  and  they  were  both  of  that  nationality:  her 
first  name  was  Mary  R.     Her  mother  was  born  in  the  old  country,  but  she 




was  born  in  Pennsylvania  and  is  still  living,  at  the  age  of  seventy-six,  in  the 
town  of  Johnstown. 

The  son,  Louis  D.,  was  born  in  Bradys  Bend,  Armstrong  county,  Penn- 
sylvania, on  July  31,  1852.  When  he  was  a  year  old  his  parents  moved  to 
Johnstown.  He  had  some  advantages  in  an  educational  way  up  to  his  elev- 
enth year,  but  at  that  time  the  period  of  development  for  him  was  interrupted, 
for  he  went  to  work  in  the  Cambria  Iron  Works'  rolling  mill  as  a  "hook-up" 
in  the  puddling  department.  This  ambitious  youth  worked  here  for  some 
time,  and  later  in  the  same  works  learned  the  trade  of  the  machinist.  But 
the  need  of  an  education  became  more  and  more  apparent  to  him  and  he 
left  his  work  to  enter  the  Pennsylvania  State  College  at  Belief onte,  Centre 
county,  which  he  attended  for  two  years.  He  then  attended  the  law  depart- 
ment of  the  State  University  at  Philadelphia,  and  graduated  and  was  ad- 
mitted to  the  bar  in  Philadelphia  in  1880,  a  good  record  for  one  who  had 
not  had  the  advantages  of  consecutive  training  from  youth  up.  Soon  after 
being  admitted  to  practice  the  aspiring  attorney  came  west  and  settled  in 
Tacoma  in  January  of  1883,  where  he  has  made  his  home  since  and  has  car- 
ried on  a  successful  law  business.  In  1884  and  1885  he  was  city  attorney, 
and  in  1900  was  elected  mayor  of  Tacoma  for-a^erm  of  two  years,  and  in 
the  spring  of  1902  was  chosen  for  another  like  period.  In  1890  he  was  a 
member  of  the  charter  commission  that  framed  the  new  charter  for  the  city. 
Air.  Campbell  has  among  other  things  talent  as  a  public  speaker,  a  qualifica- 
tion which  is  of  especial  advantage  to  one  in  the  profession  of  law. 

Air.  Campbell  was  married  at  San  Francisco  on  January  10.  18S8,  at 
whicli  time  Miss  Emma  Cicott,  a  native  of  Detroit,  Michigan,  became  his 
wife.  They  have  no  children  of  their  own.  but  have  adopted  a  child,  Laura 
Campbell,  which  they  cherish  as  their  own. 


One  of  the  capable  and  prominent  young  jurists  of  the  great  state  of 
Washington,  and  one  who  had  risen  already  to  the  position  of  judge  of  the 
supreme  court  of  his  adopted  state,  is  the  Hon.  Mark  Fullerton.  He  comes 
of  good  old  Scotch  ancestry,  though  his  forefathers  came  to  America  at  a 
time  prior  to  the  Revolution. 

He  records  his  birth  as  taking  place  on  his  father's  farm  near  Salem, 
Oregon,  on  the  13th  day  of  November,  1858.  He  was  educated  in  Willam- 
ette University  in  Salem,  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1883,  came  to  Wash- 
ington in  1885,  and  located  at  Colfax.  Whitman  county,  where  he  carried 
on  the  practice  of  his  chosen  profession.  For  some  time  he  served  as  prose- 
cuting attorney  of  the  county,  and  in  the  fall  of  1898  was  elected  to  the 
supreme  bench  of  the  state.  Ever  since  devoting  himself  to  the  practice  of 
law  Judge  Fullerton  has  given  his  whole  time  and  energy  to  it.  thus  account- 
ing in  large  measure  for  his  eminent  success. 

In   1887  Mr.  Fullerton  was  married  to   Ella   lone  Rounds,  a  native  of 
Michigan  and  a  daughter  of  V.  P.  Rounds,  who  with  his  son  is  now  a  mer- 
chant in  Kansas.    They  have  a  family  of  three  sons. 


The  Judge  lias  membership  in  the  Masonic  fraternity  and  in  the  Amer- 
ican Order  of  United  Workmen.  He  has  ever  shown  himself  a  worthy 
representative  of  the  sons  of  the  brave  pioneers  who  first  made  this  state  one 
of  the  richest  and  most  fertile  in  the  west. 


On  the  16th  day  of  January,  1859,  just  across  the  Willamette  river  from 
Oregon  City  in  Clackamas  county,  there  was  born  into  the  world  a  man  who 
was  destined  to  take  an  active  part  in  the  public  life  of  the  west  and  to 
achieve  distinction  as  a  public-spirited  citizen,  as  a  legislator,  as  a  lawyer, 
and  as  a  jurist.  For  many  generations  the  Scotch  ancestors  of  the  Mount 
family  have  resided  in  this  country,  and  the  father  of  our  subject,  Henry  D. 
Mount,  was  born  on  the  24th  of  August,  1833.  When  he  was  only  eighteen 
years  of  age  he  dared  the  dangers  of  the  wild  west,  and  crossing  the  plains 
settled  in  Oregon  City.  He  had  learned  the  tailor's  trade,  but  here  he  became 
a  farmer.  His  wife  was  Rebecca  Stevens,  a  native  of  Keokuk,  Iowa,  and  a 
daughter  of  an  early  pioneer  of  Oregon.  Their  children  were :  Wallace, 
R.  J.,  Dallas,  deceased,  Clara,  Eva,  W.  C,  O.  B.,  Wenona,  Minnie,  Hugh  S., 
Clyde,  Guy,  Robert,  Albert,  all  but  one  of  whom  are  still  living.  The  parents 
live  on  their  farm  near  Silverton,  Oregon. 

Wallace  Mount,  whose  brief  history  we  shall  here  endeavor  to  relate, 
was  the  oldest  child  of  the  above  and  received  his  education  in  the  State 
University  at  Eugene,  Oregon,  where  he  graduated  in  1883.  After  com- 
pleting his  education  he  read  law  in  the  office  of  Williams,  Dunham  &  Thomp- 
son, and  later  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  chosen  profession.  Mr.  Mount 
removed  to  Sprague,  Washington,  in  1886,  where  he  continued  his  practice 
until  1888.  in  which  year  he  was  elected  prosecuting  attorney  of  Douglas. 
Adams  and  Lincoln  counties ;  and  when  Washington  was  admitted  to  state- 
hood, he  was  elected  judge  of  the  superior  court  of  the  same  counties,  and 
including  Okanogan.  He  was  re-elected  in  1892,  but  in  the  landslide  of 
Populism  which  swept  over  the  state  in  1869  he  was  defeated.  On  being 
elected  a  member  of  the  state  legislature  in  1898,  the  Judge  took  an  active 
part  in  all  the  legislation  and  was  a  member  of  the  judiciary  committee  and 
chairman  of  the  committee  on  counties  and  boundaries.  In  1900  Mr.  Mount 
was  elected  to  the  supreme  court  of  the  state  and  took  his  seat  in  January  of 
the  following  year.  He  is  now  filling  the  office  to  the  highest  satisfaction 
of  all. 

Judge  Mount  was  happily  married  in  1887  to  Carrie  Walker,  who  was 
born  in  California.  They  bad  two  sons,  Frank  Reed  Mount  and  William. 
In  December,  1896,  the  family  were  called  to  mourn  the  death  of  the  devoted 
wife  and  mother,  whose  loss  was  felt  not  only  by  the  members  of  her  house- 
hold but  also  by  the  community,  in  which  for  ten  years  she  had  lived  so 
respected  and  beloved.  In  1899  Mr.  Mount  married  Mrs.  Ida  Maloney, 
whose  maiden  name  was  Ida  Hasler.  She  had  two  daughters,  Hazel  and 

Judge  Mount's  home  is  in  Olympia,  and  he  also  has  property  in  Spokane. 


The  religious  preferences  of  the  family  are  with  the  Presbyterian  church, 
which  they  attend  and  support.  Mr.  Mount  has  been  for  many  years  an  active 
member  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows  in  all  its  branches,  and  is 
now  past  state  grand  master;  he  is  also  connected  with  the  Knights  of  Pythias, 
and  the  Bar  Association  of  the  state.  Throughout  his  long  and  honorable 
career  no  reproach  has  ever  been  cast  upon  the  character  of  this  worthy  son 
of  Washington. 


Edward  Steele,  one  of  the  prominent  residents  of  Marysville,  Wash- 
ington, was  born  May  27,  1838,  at  Ontario,  Canada,  near  Toronto,  and  he 
is  a  son  of  Thomas  Steele,  a  native  of  Canada,  who  was  a  carpenter  by  trade 
and  died  at  the  age  of  fifty-six  years.  The  mother  bore  the  maiden  name 
of  Rebecca  Trimmer,  and  was  a  native  of  Pennsylvania;  she  came  to  Canada 
with  her  parents  when  a  child,  and  lived  to  be  eighty  years  of  age.  The 
children  born  to  the  parents  of  our  subject  were  as  follows:  Benjamin, 
Edward,  George,  David,  Daniel,  Joseph.  Elizabeth,  Sarah,  Amy  Anne. 

Edward  Steele  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  county  York, 
Ontario,  but  his  advantages  were  limited,  as  he  left  school  at  the  age  of  nine 
3  cars,  when  his  father  moved  to  Port  Doer,  Canada,  and  he  was  put  to  work 
clearing  off  the  wild  land  of  the  family  farm  during  the  summertime,  and  in 
winter  he  worked  in  the  lumber  woods.  Later  he  learned  the  carpenter 
trade,  and  when  twenty-one  years  of  age  he  went  to  California  and  worked 
in  Placer  county,  making  timber  for  the  mines,  but  after  two  years  he  went 
to  Washoe,  Nevada,  and  spent  five  years  at  that  place  working  in  the  timber 
woods.  In  1867  he  returned  to  Canada  on  a  visit,  then  went  to  Daviess 
county,  Missouri,  there  took  up  some  land  and  engaged  in  farming  for  eighteen 
months.  He  then  went  to  southeastern  Kansas  and  pre-empted  one  hundred 
and  sixty  acres  in  Wilson  county,  and  was  engaged  in  farming  and  horse- 
raising  until  1885,  when  he  settled  at  Marysville  and  homesteaded  eighty 
acres,  and  purchased  some  city  property  which  proved  a  good  investment. 
After  locating  in  the  city  he  built  the  wharf  at  Marysville.  and  engaged  in  a 
flour  and  feed  business,  continuing  in  the  latter  line  until  July  1,  1902,  when 
he  retired  from  active  business  life. 

In  April,  1869,  he  married,  at  Ottawa,  Kansas,  Lizzie  Warren,  a  native 
of  Illinois,  and  a  daughter  of  William  and  Margaret  Warren.  The  follow- 
ing children  have  been  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Steele:  Margaret,  widow  of 
William  Morgan,  of  Marysville;  Ora  Alberta  married  P..  15.  Nagley,  of  Mill- 
town;  Mabee,  keeping  house  for  her  father  at  Marysville.  Politically  Mr. 
Steele  is  a  Republican,  and  is  a  man  highly  esteemed  by  all  who  have  the 
honor  of  his  acquaintance. 


Charles  Wright,  president  of  the  well  known  and  popular  Hotel  Byron 
at  Whatcom,  and  one  of  the  leading  men  of  the  city,  was  horn  Ma;  ,6,  [866, 
at  Toronto,  Canada,  and  is  a  son  of  Henry  and  Elizabeth   (Shaw)   Wright, 


the  former  of  whom  was  a  native  of  England,  and  a  contractor,  and  he 
died  in  1868.  His  wife  was  also  a  native  of  England,  and  she  is  now  living 
at  Portage  La  Prairie,  Manitoba.  Our  subject  is  descended  from  good  old 
English  stock  on  both  sides  of  the  family.  Four  children  were  born  to  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Henry  Wright,  namely :  Charles ;  Alfred,  who  is  engaged  in  mining 
in  California;  Henry,  a  photographer  of  Rat  Portage;  and  Frank,  who  is 
manager  of  the  Carlisle  Packing  Company  at  Whatcom. 

After  attending  common  school  until  1884,  Mr.  Wright  entered  the 
employ  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railroad  at  Winnipeg,  but  after  ten  years 
of  service  with  that  company  he  removed  to  Point  Roberts,  Washington,  and 
engaged  in  trap-fishing  with  bis  brother  Frank,  incorporating  the  firm  of 
Wright  Brothers  Fishing  Company,  in  1893.  This  continued  until  1898, 
when  the  partners  sold  their  plant  to  the  Pacific  American  Fish  Company, 
and  in  1901  the  two  purchased  a  controlling  interest  in  the  Carlisle  Packing 
Company  at  Lummi  Island,  in  which  our  subject  has  since  been  interested 
and  holds  the  office  of  president,  while  his  brother  is  secretary  and  manager. 
The  plant  is  a  large  one  and  has  a  capacity  of  sixty  thousand  cases,  and  the 
volume  of  business  is  constantly  increasing,  while  the  market  is  enlarging 
owing  to  the  superiority  of  the  product. 

In  June,  1902,  Charles  Wright  and  M.  C.  Dickinson  purchased  the  in- 
terest of  Roehl  Brothers,  who  were  conducting  the  Hotel  Byron,  and  since  then 
they  have  made  it  one  of  the  finest  and  most  modern  of  all  the  hotels  in  the 
city  or  the  surrounding  country,  it  only  being  surpassed  by  those  of  Seattle, 
Tacoma  and  Spokane. 

On  February  18,  1896,  Mr.  Wright  was  married  to  Miss  Jean  Brown,  a 
daughter  of  George  Brown,  of  Peterboro,  Ontario,  a  brick  contractor,  and 
very  prominent  man  of  English  descent.  One  daughter  has  been  born  to  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Wright,  Elsie,  aged  one  year  and  two  months. 

As  a  Republican  Mr.  Wright  has  taken  an  active  part  in  local  affairs, 
and  has  been  a  delegate  to  county  and  state  conventions.  Religiously  he  is 
a  member  of  the  Episcopal  church  and  contributes  liberally  towards  its  sup- 
port. Mr.  Wright  is  a  charter  member  of  the  order  of  Elks  of  Bellingham 
Bay,  of  the  Commercial  Club  and  the  Cougar  Club,  and  is  one  of  the  most 
popular  men  in  this  part  of  the  state,  as  well  as  a  very  successful  and  in- 
fluential one. 


A  well  improved  and  attractive  farm  of  one  hundred  and  sixty  acres 
situated  about  a  mile  north  of  Ferndale  and  a  half  mile  from  the  Noohsack 
river  was  till  recently  the  property  of  Harrison  Cowden,  and  he  is  classed 
with  the  enterprising  agriculturists  of  his  community.  He  was  born  at  Grass 
Lake.  Jackson  county,  Michigan,  on  the  29th  of  June,  1840,  a  son  of  Eben 
Cowden,  whose  birth  occurred  in  the  state  of  New  York,  June  26,  1785. 
Both  he  and  his  father  were  soldiers  of  the  war  of  1812,  and  Eben  Cowden 
also  served  in  the  Mexican  war.  He  was  a  brigadier  general  of  the  state  of 
Michigan  at  the  time  of  his  demise,  which  occurred   in   1862,  when  he  was 


sixty-seven  years  of  age.  Brave  and  fearless  as  a  soldier,  he  rendered  his 
country  valuable  aid  and  made  for  himself  a  most  creditable  military  record. 
In  early  manhood  he  married  Miss  Maria  Blanchard,  a  native  of  Seneca 
county,  New  York,  and  a  representative  of  an  old  Quaker  family.  She  died 
in  1878,  at  the  age  of  seventy-two  years.  Their  children  were  as  follows: 
Harrison ;  Charles,  who  was  a  member  of  the  Fourth  Michigan  Cavalry  and 
assisted  in  the  capture  of  Jefferson  Davis:  Abel  F. ;  Aj ;  and  Mary,  the  wife 
of  Henry  Skellinger,  of  Symrma,  Michigan.  The  father  had  three  sons  and 
a  daughter  by  his  first  marriage :  Cyrus ;  Reuben ;  Henry,  and  Emeline,  the 
wife  of  Nelson  Ferris,  of  Jackson,  Michigan. 

In  the  public  schools  of  his  native  city  Harrison  Cowden  pursued  his 
education  until  nineteen  years  of  age,  thus  gaining  a  good  knowledge  of  the 
branches  of  English  learning  usually  taught  in  such  institutions.  He  then 
secured  employment  in  a  sawmill,  where  he  worked  for  fourteen  years,  and 
then  with  the  money  he  had  gained  through  his  own  exertions  he  purchased 
a  farm  in  1873,  conducting  it  until  1876.  In  the  latter  year  he  removed  with 
his  family  to  Virginia  City,  Nevada,  where  he  was  employed  in  the  mines 
most  of  the  time  through  the  succeeding  five  years.  In  the  summer  of  1881 
he  came  to  Ferndale,  where  he  homesteaded  one  hundred  and  sixty  acres  of 
land,  and  engaged  in  its  cultivation  until  June,  1903,  when  he  sold  and  moved 
into  Whatcom,  where  he  owns  a  pleasant  home. 

In  1863  Mr.  Cowden  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Mary  D.  Barr,  a 
native  of  Greenville,  Montcalm  county,  Michigan,  and  the  second  daughter 
of  Samuel  D.  and  Henrietta  (Pratt)  Barr,  both  of  whom  were  natives  of 
New  York  and  belonged  to  old  American  families.  Mr.  Barr  was  a  pioneer 
of  Montcalm  township,  Montcalm  county,  Michigan,  coming  there  from 
Grand  Rapids  in  1838,  and  owned  and  operated  a  sawmill  on  Flat  river,  about 
five  miles  above  the  present  city  of  Greenville,  which  was  then  a  wilderness. 
His  wife  was  the  only  white  woman  in  the  county  for  some  months,  and 
Sarah  E.,  the  elder  sister  of  Mrs.  Cowden,  was  the  first  white  child  born  in 
the  county.  The  marriage  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Cowden  has  been  blessed  with 
five  boys  and  four  girls:  Frank;  Clarence,  who  died  in  1894;  Arthur,  who 
is  living  in  Everett ;  William,  of  Ferndale:  Charles,  who  died  in  August,  1902 ; 
Effie,  the  wife  of  C.  W.  Heiser;  Ettie,  who  died  in  1899;  Edna,  the  wife  of 
Eugene  Pence,  a  druggist  of  Whatcom ;  and  Jessie,  who  completes  the  family 
and  is  at  home  with  her  parents. 

For  eighteen  years  Mr.  Cowden  has  been  a  member  of  the  Knights  of 
Pythias  fraternity,  and  he  is  a  member  and  president  of  the  Pioneer  Asso- 
ciation of  Whatcom  county.  Political  questions  and  issues  are  of  deep  in- 
terest to  him,  and  he  keeps  well  informed  concerning  everything  affecting  the 
welfare  of  the  nation.  He  is  active  in  the  local  and  state  work  of  the  Re- 
publican party,  and  in  1886  was  elected  county  constable,  and  by  re-election 
has  been  continued  in  the  office  up  to  the  present  time  (1903),  a  fact  which 
indicates  his  unfaltering  fidelity  to  duty.  He  was  a  director  on  the  school 
board  for  three  terms  of  three  years  each,  from  1889  until  1898,  and  his 
loyalty  to  public  trusts  stands  as  an  unquestioned  fact  in  his  career. 



Richard  E.  Walker  is  the  son  of  English  parents,  Robert  and  Mary  A. 
(George)  Walker,  now  deceased,  and  he  himself  is  a  native  of  the  great 
metropolis  of  England,  born  there  in  1852.  He  received  his  literary  educa- 
tion in  London,  and  in  that  mighty  business  center  it  is  not  surprising  that 
his  mind  was  turned  toward  commerce  and  trade.  He  was  accordingly 
articled  to  a  firm  of  expert  accountants,  one  of  the  foremost  concerns  of  the 
kind  in  London.  This  business  is  a  more  distinct  profession  in  England  than 
in  this  country,  and  there  are  many  grades  before  one  reaches  the  stage  where 
he  may  be  called  "expert."  Mr.  Walker  spent  a  number  of  years  here,  and 
after  acquiring  a  thorough  training  came  to  Canada  in  1886.  For  two  years 
he  was  located  at  Victoria,  British  Columbia,  in  the  capacity  of  accountant, 
but  in  1888  took  up  his  residence  in  Tacoma,  where  he  has  continued  ever 
since.  On  his  arrival  the  city  was  just  going  through  the  throes  of  the 
"boom,"  and  he  accordingly  engaged  in  the  real  estate  business,  as  there 
was  then  a  very  limited  field  for  the  accountant.  But  when  the  mushroom 
activity  suddenly  collapsed  in  1893,  he  fell  back  on  his  profession.  It  was 
during  this  time  that  he  was  engaged  by  the  commissioners  of  Pierce  county 
to  investigate  the  county  records  for  the  preceding  six  years.  This  was  the 
first  time  the  books  had  ever  been  gone  over  by  an  expert,  and  it  was  a  very 
important  undertaking,  requiring  the  entire  attention  of  Mr.  Walker  and 
four  assistants  for  two  years. 

At  the  present  time  Mr.  Walker  is  engaged  exclusively  in  the  real  estate 
and  insurance  business,  and  has  given  up  his  practice  of  accountant.  He  has 
met  with  success  in  this  line,  has  prospered  financially,  and  owns  a  nice 
home  in  Steilacoom.  His  offices  are  at  501-2  Equitable  building  in  Tacoma. 
The  firm  is  now  R.  E.  Walker  &  Company.  In  1893,  while  Mr.  Walker  was 
on  a  visit  to  Yakima  county,  he  married  Miss  Margaret  M.  Clunas,  whose 
father  was  one  of  the  most  noted  architects  in  Edinburgh,  Scotland,  but  is 
now  deceased.     They  have  two  children,  Marian  and  Ronald. 


Hon.  Russ  S.  Lambert,  mayor  of  Sumas  and  forest  supervisor  of  the 
Washington  Forest  Reserve  at  Sumas,  Washington,  was  born  at  Belvidere, 
Illinois,  in  1867,  and  is  a  son  of  John  C.  and  Cassie  M.  (Hale)  Lambert. 
The  father  was  burn  in  Maine,  and  when  ten  years  of  age  went  to  Illinois 
with  his  father,  who  settled  on  a  farm  near  Belvidere.  The  father  of  pur 
subject  is  still  living  and  makes  his  home  at  Belvidere,  as  does  also  the 
mother,  who  is  a  native  of  the  place. 

R.  S.  Lambert  was  reared  upon  the  farm,  and  continued  to  live  at  home 
until  he  was  twenty-two  years  of  age,  when  he  left  the  farm  and  came  to 
Whatcom,  Washington,  lie  had  received  an  excellent  education  in  the  public 
schools,  and  also  studied  law  hi  the  law  department  of  file  Wesleyan  Uni- 
versity, Bloomington,  Illinois,  from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1889.  He 
then  went  to  Springfield,  where  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar,  and  then  made 


his  way  west.  Until  the  latter  part  of  1896  he  practiced  law  successfully  at 
Sumas,  and  then,  becoming  interested  in  mining  and  prospecting,  was  asso- 
ciated with  Jack  Post  and  L.  G.  Van  Valkenburg  in  the  discovery  and  devel- 
opment of  what  is  now  the  Post-Lambert  group  of  gold  mines  in  the  Mt. 
Baker  district,  and  has  made  Sumas  his  home  for  the  past  eight  or  nine  years. 

In  1898-9  he  was  a  member  of  the  Washington  state  legislature,  being 
elected  upon  the  Republican  ticket,  from  what  was  then  the  forty-eighth  legis- 
lative district  for  a  term  of  two  years.  In  1899  further  honors  awaited  him, 
and  he  was  appointed  by  the  interior  department  forest  supervisor  for  the 
western  division  of  the  Government  Washington  Forest  Reserve,  which  posi- 
tion he  still  holds.  The  duties  of  this  office  take  up  all  his  attention,  his  head- 
quarters being  at  Sumas.  He  is  now  and  has  been  for  some  time  mayor  of 
the  town  of  Sumas.  Although  his  attention  is  so  engrossed,  he  has  not  lost 
his  interest  in  mining  in  the  Mt.  Baker  district,  and  in  a  general  way  is 
prominent  in  developing  the  resources,  mining,  lumber  and  agricultural,  of 
the  country  adjacent  to  Sumas. 

Ir  189 1  he  was  married  at  Belvidere  to  Carrie  E.  Swail,  and  they  have 
three  children,  namely :  Louise,  aged  ten  years ;  Sidney,  aged  eight  years ; 
and  Esther,  aged  six  years. 


Walter  M.  Harvey,  a  promising  young  lawyer  of  Tacoma,  and  at  present 
the  deputy  prosecuting  attorney  of  Pierce  county,  is  the  son  of  Miles  M. 
Harvey,  who  was  a  New'  Yorker  by  birth,  and  in  1849  rnade  the  decisive 
move  of  his  life  by  coming  by  way  of  the  Isthmus  of  Panama  to  the  gold 
fields  of  California.  When  he  and  his  companions  arrived  at  Panama  they 
found  they  had  missed  the  regular  ship  for  the  voyage  up  the  coast,  and  so 
anxious  were  they  to  reach  the  coveted  lands  that  they  embarked  in  a  small 
sailing  vessel,  making  the  journey  in  safety.  While  the  fever  was  at  its 
height  he  was  a  miner,  but  when  life  in  this  western  country  took  on  a  more 
settled  air,  he  engaged  in  the  mercantile  business  in  San  Francisco,  becoming 
one  of  the  leading  hardware  dealers  of  the  city.  He  resided  there  contin- 
uously until  1868,  whn  he  moved  to  Albany,  Oregon,  continuing  in  the  same 
line  of  trade,  but  he  returned  to  San  Francisco  in  1873;  'n  1878  he  again 
came  to  Albany,  but  in  1882  became  one  of  the  early  residents  of  Tacoma, 
for  that  was  an  early  year  in  the  history  of  Tacoma.  During  the  remainder 
of  his  life  he  was  a  member  of  the  hardware  firm  of  Harvey  &  Young,  which 
is  now  the  Tacoma  Stove  Company.  He  died  in  1898.  Mary  M.  Curtis 
was  a  native  of  New  York,  and  during  her  childhood  she  had  known  Miles 
Harvey ;  when  she  grew  to  womanhood  she  came  to  San  Francisco,  and 
there  the  two  again  met  and  were  married.  She  now  lives  in  Tacoma  with 
her  son. 

Walter  M.  Harvey  was  born  while  his  parents  lived  in  Albany,  Oregon, 
on  March  3,  1873,  and  the  first  nine  years  of  his  life  were  spent  in  Albany  and 
San  Francisco;  he  has  made  Tacoma  his  home  since  coming  here  in  1882. 
He  has  the  honor  of  being  the  oldest  alumnus  of  the  Tacoma  high  school, 


as  well  as  the  first  graduate  of  the  Washington  College  at  Tacoma,  com- 
pleting his  course  there  in  1889.  In  the  following  fall  he  went  to  the  law 
department  of  the  University  of  Michigan,  where  he  received  his  diploma 
in  1892,  and  on  coming  back  to  Tacoma  was  immediately  admitted  to  the 
bar.  Since  then  he  has  been  working  his  way  to  the  front,  and  has  already 
accomplished  so  much  that  his  future  may  be  predicated  with  certainty.  He 
was  assistant  city  attorney  for  two  years,  and  in  January,  190 1,  was  ap- 
pointed deputy  prosecuting  attorney  for  Pierce  county. 

Mr.  Harvey  was  married  to  Edna  B.,  a  daughter  of  W.  H.  Remington, 
an  official  of  the  Northern  Pacific  Railroad  in  Tacoma.  They  have  a  daugh- 
ter Elizabeth  and  also  a  little  baby.  Mr.  Harvey  is  a  member  of  the  Union 
Club,  and  is  numbered  among  those  who  seek  the  best  things  for  themselves 
and  their  community.     His  residence  is  located  at  501  North  Main  street. 

MRS.  J.  M.  RUCKER. 

Mrs.  J.  M.  Rucker  was  born  in  Ohio,  January  29,  1830.  Her  parents, 
Moses  and  Sarah  Morris,  were  pioneers  of  Ohio ;  the  father  being  a  min- 
ister for  more  than  fifty  years.  She  was  married  to  Wyatt  Rucker  in  1850; 
her  husband's  father  being  a  minister  for  more  than  forty  years.  To  this 
union  were  born  seven  children,  four  girls  and  three  boys.  The  parents 
were  united  in  the  Baptist  church  in  1871,  and  Mrs.  Rucker  is  still  a  member 
of  this  church. 

She  moved  from  Ohio  to  Tacoma  in  1888,  and  to  her  present  residence 
at  Everett  in  1889,  being  the  pioneer  woman  resident  of  Everett.  The  town- 
site  at  this  time  was  a  dense  forest,  many  fir  trees  more  than  two  hundred 
and  fifty  feet  high  standing  where  the  best  business  blocks  have  since  been 
erected.  There  were  no  roads,  and  provisions  had  to  be  brought  in  by  row- 

It  was  quite  lonesome  at  first,  but  the  following  year,  1890,  Mr.  F.  B. 
Friday  and  William  G.  Swalwell  and  family  were  induced  to  move  here  from 
Tacoma.  Shortly  after  this  Mr.  Charles  W.  Miley  and  J.  H.  Mitchell  and 
others  came,  so  the  monotony  of  living  in  the  forest  was  broken. 

Mrs.  Rucker  is  a  life  member  of  the  Woman's  Book  Club,  and  devotes 
much  of  her  time  to  reading  not  only  the  best  literature  obtainable,  but  keeps 
herself  well  informed  by  reading  the  daily  papers  and  commercial  reports. 
She  came  to  Everett  with  her  two  sons,  Wyatt  J.  and  Bethel  J.  Rucker,  who 
bought  one  thousand  acres  of  land,  being  the  present  townsite  of  Everett ; 
and  to  them  is  due  to  a  very  large  extent  the  prosperity  and  development  of 
Everett.  They  donated,  in  1891,  one-half  of  their  entire  real  estate  holdings 
to  induce  factories  to  locate  in  Everett ;  and  it  was  through  their  untiring  ef- 
forts in  common  with  the  Everett  Land  Company  that  the  fresh  water  harbor 
now  being  built  by  the  United  States  government  was  undertaken,  there  be- 
ing already  more  than  throe  hundred  and  fifty  thousand  dollars  expended  on 
this  improvement.  They  also  promoted  ami  carried  to  a  successful  termina- 
tion the  deal  whereby  James  J.  11  ill  and  his  associates  acquired  from  John  D. 
Rockefeller  the  townsite  of   Everett,  consisting  of  more  than  six  thousand 


.  %  o$v<<sfa> 

!P"R' <ic  library] 



acres  of  land,  and  all  will  agree  that  Everett  has  heen  made  by  Mr.  Hill. 
Rucker  Brothers  are  large  owners  of  real  estate  in  Everett,  including 
the  Monte  Cristo  Hotel  and  park  adjoining.  They  are  largely  interested  in 
the  American  National  Bank,  the  Bank  of  Commerce  of  Everett  and  Bank  of 
Commerce  of  Coupville,  Washington,  and  control  the  Everett  Terminal  Com- 
pany. They  have  also  been  actively  identified  with  the  commercial  organiza- 
tions of  the  city. 


William  J.  Meade,  the  second  son  of  Ira  G.  and  Mary  Palmer  Meade, 
was  born  on  his  father's  farm  in  the  town  of  Busti,  Chautauqua  county,  New 
York,  September  5,  1856.  He  lived  with  his  parents  on  the  farm  until  the 
age  of  twenty  years,  at  which  time  he  entered  the  Jamestown  Union  School 
and  Collegiate  Institute,  at  Jamestown,  New  York,  pursuing  the  English 
academic  course  of  instruction,  and  helping  himself  through  school  by  teach- 
ing during  the  winter  months  and  graduated  therefrom  June  21,  1878.  On 
the  22nd  day  of  June  in  the  same  year  he  entered  the  law  office  of  Judge  Orsel 
Cook  and  Clark  R.  Lockwood  as  a  law  student  and,  clerk  on  a  salary  of  twenty 
dollars  per  month,  and  after  reading  the 'required't-hree  years  was,  on  the  4th 
day  of  October,  1 881,  at  a  general  term  of  the  supreme  court,  held  at  Rochester, 
New  York,  admitted  to  practice  in  all  the  courts  of  the  state. 

After  being  admitted  to  the  bar  and  taking  .a  much  needed  rest  for  a 
period  of  about  six  months,  he  opened  a  law  office  in  Jamestown  and  en- 
joyed a  successful  practice  for  about  one  year.  But  this  was  not  the  field 
where  his  capabilities  could  best  expand,  so  he  closed  out  his  business  and 
came  direct  to  Tacoma,  arriving  in  the  territory  on  Independence  day  and  in 
the  city  of  Tacoma  on  the  5th  day  of  July,  1883,  a  stranger  in  a  strange  but 
promising  land. 

Tacoma  with  a  population  at  that  time  of  less  than  three  thousand  was 
fully  supplied  with  legal  talent,  as  was  also  the  lumber  camps,  sawmills  and 
other  branches  of  industry,  and  the  shingle  taken  from  the  door  at  Jamestown 
was  carefully  laid  away  for  a  more  favorable  opportunity,  and  he  engaged 
in  whatever  employment  offered  to  replenish  his  practically  exhausted  finances, 
serving  as  clerk  of  Tacoma  school  district  and  in  the  several  county  offices 
and  in  the  United  States  district  clerk's  office,  where  he  was  employed  when 
he  was  elected  in  1884  by  the  city  council  of  Tacoma  to  the  office  of  city 
clerk,  and  so  satisfactorily  did  he  perform  the  duties  of  this  office  that  he  was 
re-elected  for  fiye  successive  terms. 

In  politics  he  is  a  Democrat,  and  in  1889,  when  Washington  was  made 
one  of  the  sisterhood  of  states,  he  had  the  honor  of  being  chosen  from  Pierce 
county  to  represent  the  people  in  the  house  in  the  first  state  legislature,  and 
thereupon  resigned  the  office  of  city  clerk  of  Tacoma.  At  the  expiration  of 
the  regular  session  of  the  legislature,  March  28,  1890,  he  identified  bimself 
with  the  Mason  Mortgage  Loan  Company,  as  vice  president  thereof,  a  financial 
institution  which,  through  its  active  and  energetic  president,  Allen  C.  Mason, 
was  one  of  the  prime  factors  in  building  up  and  developing  the  city  of 
Tacoma  and  various  sections  of  the  state. 


The  city  of  Tacoma  having  now  reached  a  population  of  about  47,000, 
the  charter  under  which  it  was  acting  proved  inadequate  to  its  demands, 
and,  under  an  act  of  the  legislature  authorizing  the  election  of  fifteen  free- 
holders to  prepare  and  frame  a  new  charter,  an  election  was  held  for  that 
purpose  June  10,  1890,  and  Mr.  Meade  was  one  of  the  fifteen  members  chosen 
for  this  duty,  and,  owing  to  his  long  continued  service  as  clerk  and  his  inti- 
mate knowledge  of  the  needs  of  the  financial  department  of  the  city,  he  had 
special  charge  in  the  preparation  of  that  portion  of  the  charter  relating  to 
the  conduct  of  the  office  of  controller. 

With  the  close  of  the  special  session  of  the  legislature,  from  September 
3  to  11,  1890,  his  public  career  came  to  a  close,  and  having  been  admitted 
to  practice  law  in  the  state,  November  19,  1883,  he  formed  a  partnership  with' 
George  T.  Reid  (Reid  &  Meade),  and  together  they  entered  the  active  prac- 
tic  and  are  now  one  of  the  prominent  law  firms  of  Tacoma. 

In  fraternal  circles  he  is  a  thirty-second  degree  Scottish  Rite  and  a 
Knight  Templar  Mason  and  a  Noble  of  Affifi  Temple  of  the  Mystic  Shrine,  of 
Tacoma.  This  brief  sketch,  while  not  complete  enough  for  a  real  biography, 
indicates  that  its  subject  is  a  man  of  prominence  and  is  popular  in  social  and 
business  circles. 


George  DeWitt  Clinton  Primer,  who  is  serving  as  the  postmaster  of 
Blaine,  was  born  August  7,  1848,  in  Bath,  Steuben  county,  New  York.  His 
father,  DeWitt  Clinton  Primer,  Sr.,  was  the  publisher  of  the  Homesville 
Tribune  of  New  York,  and  died  in  1868,  at  the  age  of  fifty-four  years,  while 
his  wife,  who  bore  the  maiden  name  of  Ellen  Kelly  and  was  a  native  of  the 
Empire  state,  died  in  the  year  1854.  In  the  family  were  three  sons,  of  whom 
our  subject  is  the  eldest,  his  brothers  being  Alphonso  A.,  a  resident  of  Pigeon, 
Michigan,  and  Gustavus,  who  was  killed  while  in  the  railroad  service  on  the 
Erie  &  Pennsylvania  line. 

In  the  public  schools  of  Canandaigua,  New  York,  George  D.  C.  Primer 
pursued  his  education  to  a  limited  extent,  but  was  enabled  to  attend  school  for 
only  a  few  months  on  account  of  family  circumstances.  At  the  age  of  ten 
years  he  put  aside  his  text  books  and  entered  what  has  been  styded  the  "poor 
man's  college" — a  printing  office,  being  employed  on  the  Canandaigua  Times, 
with  which  he  was  connected  for  fourteen  years,  during  which  period  he 
gradually  worked  his  way  upward,  mastering  every  department  of  the  business. 
In  the  spring  of  1872  he  went  to  Racine,  Wisconsin,  and  became  city  editor 
of  The  Advocate,  but  filled  that  position  for  only  a  few  months.  He  then 
went  to  Chicago  and  worked  on  the  Chicago  Times  as  advertising  man.  This 
was  the  year  after  the  great  fire,  and  he  therefore  witnessed  the  rebuilding  of 
the  city.  For  fourteen  years  he  was  connected  with  the  Times,  much  of  the 
time  being  on  the  reportorial  staff,  and  in  1885  he  secured  a  position  in  the 
office  of  the  Chicago  Globe,  being  on  its  editorial  staff  through  the  succeeding 
four  years.  In  1889  he  went  to  St.  Paul  as  salesman  for  the  Minnesota  Type 
Foundry,  remaining  there  for  six  months,  and  in  the  spring  of  1890  he  came 
to  Washington. 


Mr.  Pruner  first  located  in  Tacoma,  working  on  the  Tacoma  News,  after 
which  he  went  to  Seattle,  where  he  secured  a  position  on  the  Telegraph,  re- 
maining there  for  about  a  year.  In  March,  1892,  Mr.  Pruner  arrived  in  Blaine 
and  became  editor  and  proprietor  of  the  Blaine  Journal.  The  publication  of 
the  paper  had  been  discontinued  about  six  months  before,  but  he  took  charge 
and  soon  placed  the  enterprise  upon  a  paying  basis.  He  continued  to  issue  the 
paper  until  April,  1902,  when  he  sold  out,  and  his  attention  has  since  been 
given  to  official  duties.  In  1894  he  was  elected  justice  of  the  peace,  was  re- 
elected in  1896  and  again  in  1898,  his  term  expiring  in  1900.  He  was  police 
judge  for  the  years  1898-9-1900  and  in  these  judicial  positions  was  strictly 
fair  and  impartial  in  the  discharge  of  his  duties.  In  1894  Mr:  Pruner  was 
appointed  United  States  customs  broker,  acting  in  that  capacity  until  1900, 
when  he  was  appointed  postmaster  of  Blaine,  entering  upon  the  duties  of  the 
office  on  the  6th  of  June  of  that  year.  In  March,  1898,  he  was  appointed 
United  States  district  court  commissioner  for  a  term  of  four  years,  but  resigned 
after  receiving  the  appointment  to  his  present  position. 

On  the  4th  of  December,  1897,  was  celebrated  the  marriage  of  Mr.  Pruner 
and  Miss  Evelyn  E.  Evans,  a  native  of  Oregon  and  a  daughter  of  William 
Evans,  one  of  the  pioneer  settlers  of  Lewiston,  Idaho.  They  have  one  son, 
Clinton  E.,  an  interesting  little  lad  of  four  summers.  Mrs.  Pruner  belongs  to 
the  Congregational  church,  in  the  work  of  which  she  takes  an  active  and  helpful 
interest.  Socially  Mr.  Pruner  is  connected  with  the  Knights  of  Pythias  fra- 
ternity. His  political  affiliation  is  with  the  Republican  party,  and  he  has  made 
a  close  and  thorough  study  of  its  principles,  so  that  he  is  able  to  support  his 
position  by  intelligent  argument.  He  is  county  committeeman  from  the  second 
ward  of  Blaine,  and  he  puts  forth  every  effort  in  his  power  to  secure  the  suc- 
cess of  the  principles  in  which  he  believes.  In  the  discharge  of  public  duties 
he  has  ever  been  prompt  and  faithful  and  in  the  administration  of  the  business 
of  the  postoffice  he  is  winning  the  commendation  of  all  concerned.  Whatever 
success  he  has  achieved  is  due  to  his  own  efforts,  for,  starting  out  for  himself 
at  the  age  of  ten,  he  has  since  depended  upon  his  own  resources. 


The  above  named  gentleman,  at  present  a  prominent  attorney  at  Shelton, 
is  one  of  those  who  came  to  Washington  shortly  after  its  admission  into  the 
Union  as  a  state,  and  has  shared  in  its  subsequent  growth  and  development. 
By  activity  in  connection  with  the  business,  fraternal  and  political  life  of  the 
new  state  Mr.  Fisk  has,  during  his  residence  of  twelve  years,  contributed  to 
the  extent  of  his  ability  toward  its  progress  along  right  lines,  and  is  already 
firmly  established  among  the  successful  professional  men.  He  is  descended 
from  an  old  English  family  which,  in  the  person  of  Thomas  Fisk,  was  repre- 
sented in  Massachusetts  as  far  back  as  1650.  A  descendant  of  this  emigrant 
ancestor  and  great-grandfather  of  the  Shelton  lawyer,  was  born  in  Con- 
necticut and  served  as  a  soldier  in  the  Revolutionary  war.  Shortly  after  the 
close  of  hostilities  this  retired  warrior,  like  so  many  other  of  his  compatriots, 
emigrated  toward  the  west  in  search  of  more  fertile  lands  and  better  oppor- 


tunities.  He  selected  as  his  place  of  residence  a  location  then  wild  and  un- 
known, but  which  at  a  later  period  became  widely  celebrated  through  the 
'"Leather  Stocking"  stories  of  J.  Fenimore  Cooper.  The  place  of  his  abode 
was  on  the  borders  of  the  beautiful  lake  Otsego,  source  of  the  Susquehanna 
river,  and  near  the  village  subsequently  named  Cooperstown  in  honor  of  the 
famous  novelist  who  spent  his  whole  life  in  this  vicinity.  Great-grandfather 
Fisk  was  one  of  the  earliest  settlers  of  this  interesting  place,  and  came  in  time 
to  know  all  the  characters  in  Cooper's  story  of  "The  Pioneer,"  had  they  been 
real  instead  of  fictitious  personages.  At  a  still  later  period  he  moved  over 
into  Wyoming  county,  Pennsylvania,  and  located  at  Skinner's  Eddy,  where 
he  reared  his  family  and  passed  the  remainder  of  his  days.  His  son,  Samuel 
S.  Fisk,  who  was  born  at  the  last  mentioned  place,  was  a  notable  character 
of  his  day  in  the  religious  circles  of  his  section.  A  devout  Methodist  and 
pillar  in  that  church  for  many  years,  he  became  known  far  and  wide  as  a 
teacher  of  singing  schools  and  for  his  fine  voice,  which  was  often  heard  leading 
in  the  congregational  music.  Charles  W.  Fisk,  son  of  this  good  man,  and 
noted  like  his  father  for  the  piety  and  rectitude  of  his  life,  was  a  carpenter 
and  builder  by  trade  and  held  the  position  of  class-leader  in  the  Methodist 
church  for  forty  years.  He  married  Susan,  daughter  of  Thomas  Brown,  who 
came  from  Massachusetts  and  bought  in  Bradford  county,  Pennsylvania,  a 
large  tract  of  land,  on  which  a  hamlet  grew  up  that  was  named  Browntown 
in  honor  of  the  family.  Some  years  after  the  Civil  war  the  parents  removed 
to  Washington,  where  the  father  died  at  Slielton  in  1901,  but  the  mother  and 
five  surviving  children  are  all  still  residents  of  the  state.  Samuel  S.  is  a 
farmer  in  Yakima  county  ;  John  P.  is  in  the  railroad  service  at  Shelton  ;  Charles 
W.  is  a  farmer  in  Mason  count)-,  and  Clarence  W.  has  charge  of  a  store  be- 
longing to  McDonnel  &  O'Neil  at  New  Kamilake. 

Thomas  P.  Fisk,  who  completes  the  list  of  children  above  enumerated, 
was  born  at  Skinner's  Eddy,  Pennsylvania,  March  7,  1862,  but  in  boyhood 
removed  to  Kansas,  where  he  received  his  education.  He  finished  his  classical 
course  in  1887  by  graduation  in  the  Kansas  State  Normal  School  at  Fort  Scott, 
but  meantime  had  made  some  headway  in  the  study  of  law,  which  he  resumed 
with  diligence  as  soon  as  released  from  other  obligations.  In  1888  he  was 
admitted  to  the  bar  at  Fort  Scott  and  soon  after  began  practice  at  Smith 
Center,  Kansas,  where  he  remained  during  the  three  years  following.  In 
1891  he  came  to  Washington  and  located  at  Kelso,  in  the  county  of  Cowlitz, 
where  he  resumed  professional  work  and  continued  until  1899.  In  that  year 
he  removed  to  Seattle  and  formed  a  partnership  with  Judge  Piper,  but  in  1901 
opened  an  office  of  his  own  at  Shelton,  where  he  has  since  remained  as  a 
prominent  fixture.  He  is  engaged  in  the  general  law  practice,  and  is  regarded 
as  one  of  the  successful  members  of  the  Washington  bar. 

Mr.  Fisk  has  been  active  in  politics  since  his  location  in  Washington, 
and  has  been  honored  with  positions  of  prominence  by  the  Republican  party, 
of  which  he  is  a  devoted  adherent.  In  1898  he  was  made  chairman  of  the 
Republican  state  convention,  an  honor  much  coveted  by  ambitious  men,  and 
in  the  session  of  the  legislature  of  1901  was  elected  secretary  of  the  senate. 
Mr.  Fisk  has  attained  equally  high  honors  in  the  fraternities,  for  which  social 


intercourse  he  has  developed  especial  taste  and  talent.  A  past  master  in 
Masonry,  he  served  for  two  years  as  chairman  of  the  committee  on  jurispru- 
dence at  the  session  of  the  grand  lodge  of  the  state  of  Washington.  He  is  a 
past  master  of  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen,  and  also  served  five 
years  as  chairman  of  the  committee  on  jurisprudence  in  the  grand  lodge  of 
that  order  in  the  state.  The  fact  that  he  held  these  identical  positions  in  two 
grand  lodges  at  the  same  time  is  mentioned  as  a  coincidence  as  well  as  an 
honor  that  is  of  unusual  occurrence.  In  addition  to  the  fraternities  mentioned 
Mr.  Fisk  is  also  a  member  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias  and  a  regular  attendant 
at  the  lodge  meetings. 

In  1888  Mr.  Fisk  married  Bertha,  daughter  of  Albert  Leichardt,  who 
came  from  Germany  to  Kentucky,  where  his  daughter  was  born.  The  domestic 
circle  consists  of  the  parents  and  five  children,  whose  names  are  Lea,  Bernice, 
Elsa,  Traverse  M.  and  Charles  A.  Mr.  Fisk  has  invested  in  land  on  Oyster 
Bay,  and  hopes  to  realize  handsome  profits  in  time  as  the  result  of  the  develop- 
ment of  the  oyster-growing  industry,  which  of  late  has  attracted  much  atten- 
tion on  the  borders  of  the  Sound.  Those  who  know  him  best  will  wish  him 
every  success  in  his  venture,  both  financially  and  otherwise,  in  consideration 
of  his  integrity  as  a  lawyer  and  merits  as  a  citizen,  which  are  generally  and 
cordially  recognized. 


August  Van  Holderbeke,  the  state  horticultural  commissioner,  residing 
in  Tacoma,  was  born  near  Ghent,  Belgium,  in  1862,  and  comes  of  an  ancestry 
honorable  and  distinguished.  The  family  have  resided  upon  the  estate  where 
our  subject  was  born,  nine  miles  from  Ghent,  for  many  years.  Mr.  Van 
Holderbeke  acquired  an  excellent  education  in  the  normal  university  at  Ghent, 
being  a  student  in  the  classical  department,  where  he  qualified  for  teaching 
in  the  French  and  Flemish  languages.  He  engaged  in  educational  work  from 
1 88 1  until  1887,  and  in  the  meantime  devoted  two  days  each  week  to  the  study 
of  the  science  of  horticulture  in  the  horticultural  department  of  the  National 
University  at  Ghent.  In  1887  he  entered  that  department  as  a  permanent 
student,  and  devoted  a  year  to  the  mastery  of  the  branches  which  form  a 
part  of  the  course.  He  was  graduated  in  1888  with  the  highest  honors  of  his 
class  and  with  the  splendid  endorsement  of  his  teacher,  Professor  Fred  Bur- 
venich,  a  noted  scholar  and  horticulturist  and  the  author  of  many  works  on 
that  subject.  As  is  well  known,  the  science  of  horticulture  has  reached  its 
greatest  development  in  Belgium  and  Holland,  and  our  subject  was  therefore 
particularly  fortunate  in  that  his  training  was  received  there. 

After  his  graduation  he  abandoned  the  work  of  a  teacher  and  devoted 
his  energies  to  horticulture,  establishing  greenhouses  and  nurseries  in  dif- 
ferent places  in  Belgium ;  at  the  same  time  he  was  employed  by  the  govern- 
ment in  giving  lectures  on  horticulture  until  1893,  when  he  left  his  native  land 
and  came  to  the  United  States  by  way  of  Canada.  He  went  first  to  Montreal, 
after  visiting  Winnipeg,  Calgary  and  other  places  in  Canada.  On  the  3rd  of 
July,  1893,  he  came  to  Tacoma,  and  being  pleased  with  this  country  and  its 


future  prospects  he  decided  to  become  a  citizen  of  the  United  States,  instead 
of  Canada,  and  has  since  made  his  home  here.  He  immediately  engaged  in 
horticultural  work,  remaining  here  for  two  years,  after  which  he  went  to  the 
city  of  Snohomish  in  Snohomish  county,  where  he  remained  for  three  years. 
He  then  became  horticultural  inspector  for  Snohomish  county,  which  position 
he  filled  until  April  i,  1901,  when  he  was  appointed  state  horticultural  com- 
missioner by  Governor  Rogers,  and  on  account  of  his  superior  talents  and 
ability,  as  testified  to  in  written  recommendations  from  prominent  men  all 
over  the  state,  he  was  retained  when  Governor  McBride  came  into  office.  Cer- 
tainly no  man  of  more  prominence,  ability  or  learning  in  this  line  could  be 
found  for  this  position,  and  his  services  are  highly  valued  by  fruit-growers 
all  over  the  state.  He  makes  frequent  trips  to  the  fruit-growing  districts  of 
Washington  to  give  expert  advice  and  counsel  to  fruit-growers  concerning 
the  many  problems  which  continually  confront  them  in  their  work. 

In  1900,  in  Everett,  Snohomish  county,  Mr.  Van  Holderbeke  was  united 
in  marriage  to  Miss  Dumas.  He  resides  at  406  South  Tacoma  avenue,  while 
his  office  is  in  the  Northern  Pacific  Headquarters  building.  Faithfulness  to 
duty  and  strict  adherence  to  a  fixed  purpose  in  life  will  do  more  to  advance  a 
man's  interests  than  wealth  or  advantageous  circumstances.  The  successful 
men  of  to-day  are  those  who  have  planned  their  own  advancement,  and  have 
overcome  obstacles'  with  a  sagacity  which  has  been  attained  only  through  their 
own  efforts.  This  class  of  men  have  a  worthy  representative  in  our  subject, 
who  thoroughly  mastered  the  work  which  he  decided  to  make  his  life  voca- 
tion, and  who  by  persistent,  capable  and  untiring  energy  has  steadily  advanced 
until  he  has  perhaps  no  superior  as  a  horticulturist  on  the  Pacific  coast. 


This  leading  business  man  and  mining  expert  of  Tacoma  is  the  son  of 
Alexander  R.  Watson,  Sr.,  and  Patience  Swanton,  both  natives  of  Scotland. 
The  former  emigrated  to  this  country  in  1852  and  made  his  home  in  Chicago 
until  1862,  when  he  went  to  San  Francisco,  California,  whence  after  a  few 
years'  residence  he  moved  to  Santa  Barbara,  where  he  lived  till  his  death  in 
1872.  He  was  a  very  talented  man,  was  a  photographer  and  also  an  author, 
having  been  one  of  the  earliest  contributors  to  the  Overland  Magazine,  with 
which  he  had  relations  for  many  years.  His  wife  is  still  living  at  Santa  Bar- 
bara, California. 

Alexander  R.  Watson  was  born  to  these  parents  in  Chicago  in  1861, 
but  since  he  was  a  year  old  has  lived  on  the  Pacific  coast.  He  was  educated 
in  San  Francisco  and  Santa  Barbara  and  was  specially  diligent  in  the  study  of 
surveying  and  civil  engineering,  so  that  he  is  an  expert  in  those  branches  and 
in  mining  engineering,  in  1 88 1  he  went  to  Elko,  Nevada,  and  although  he  was 
only  twenty  years  old  was  elected  county  surveyor  of  Elko  county,  and  some 
time  later  was  appointed  by  E.  S.  Davis,  surveyor  general  for  the  state  of 
Nevada,  to  the  position  of  deputy  United  States  mineral  surveyor.  He  lived 
at  Elko  three  years,  and  then  came  to  the  Puget  Sound  country,  taking  up  his 
residence  in  Tacoma  in  January,   1884.  where  he  followed  his  profession  of 


surveyor  and  engineer.  At  a  later  date  he  embarked  in  the  real  estate  busi- 
ness, and  within  the  last  two  years  his  brother,  Randolph  C.  Watson,  has 
come  to  this  city  and  joined  with  him  in  real  estate  dealing  under  the  name 
of  Watson  &  Watson ;  this  firm  now  does  an  excellent  business. 

But  Mr.  Watson  now  gives  most  of  his  time  and  attention  to  his  mining 
interests.  He  is  the  secretary  of  the  Sure  Thing  Gold  and  Copper  Mining  and 
Smelting  Company,  which  has  one  hundred  and  forty-five  rich  gold  and  copper 
claims  in  the  eastern  edge  of  King  county,  Washington,  about  fifty  miles  from 
Seattle,  in  the  Cascade  range.  Mr.  Watson  was  one  of  the  originators  of  this 
company,  and  six  years  ago  helped  locate  the  claims,  since  which  time  he 
has  been  at  work  on  the  surveying  and  engineering  problems  connected  with 
the  development  of  the  mines,  and  his  maps  show  that  these  have  been  ex- 
tensively developed.  The  enterprise  is  now  past  the  experimental  stage,  and 
at  present  twelve  men  are  at  work  getting  out  ore  at  the  rate  of  sixty  tons  per 
day.  Within  a  very  short  time  this  output  will  be  increased  to  from  two  hun- 
dred to  six  hundred  tons,  and  a  smelter  will  be  built,  so  that  it  has  the  pros- 
pects of  proving  one  of  the  most  profitable  mining  industries  in  that  region. 

Just  before  coming  to  Tacoma  Mr.  Watson  went  back  to  his  old  home  in 
Santa  Barbara  and  was  married  there  to  Miss  Florence  Gunterman.  Two  sons 
have  been  born  of  this  union,  Harry  T.  and  Alexander  R.  Watson,  Jr.,  both 
intelligent  boys  and  students  in  the  city  high  schools.  The  family  reside  at 
428  St.  Helens  avenue,  and  they  are  all  pleasant  and  most  enjoyable  persons 
to  meet. 


Reared  under  the  influence  of  forefathers  who  had  been  men  noted  for 
learning,  prominent  at  the  bench  and  bar  and  in  public  affairs,  and  filled  with 
the  unquenchable  spirit  of  southern  chivalry  and  military  ardor,  at  the  very  be- 
ginning of  life  Judge  Henry  S.  Elliott  had  many  advantages  that  are  not  the 
lot  of  other  men,  and  right  well  has  he  made  use  of  these  opportunities,  as 
the  following  brief  record  of  his  life  will  show. 

Judge  Elliott  is  descended  from  English  and  Scotch  ancestors  who  were 
early  settlers  of  South  Carolina.  His  great-grandfather,  William  Elliott,  was 
a  member  of  Congress  and  was  noted  for  his  devotion  to  the  pursuits  of  Nim- 
rod.  Grandfather  Stephen  Elliott  was  a  native  of  Beaufort,  South  Carolina, 
and  after  receiving  a  liberal  education  in  Harvard  University  became  a  min- 
ister of  the  Episcopal  church.  His  son,  Stephen  Elliott,  Jr.,  was  -born  in  the 
same  town  and  was  educated  at  Harvard ;  he  was  a  cotton  planter  and  had  a 
fine  plantation.  During  the  Civil  war  he  was  a  brigadier  general  in  the  Con- 
federate army,  took  part  in  the  battle  of  Port  Royal,  had  command  of  Fort 
Beaugard,  and  later  commanded  a  battery  of  artillery  along  the  Carolina 
coast;  he  was  in  command  of  James  Island  near  Charleston  and  of  Fort 
Sumter,  repulsing  an  attack  upon  this  latter  fort;  still  later,  while  in  command 
of  a  North  Carolina  regiment  before  Petersburg,  a  mine  was  exploded  by  the 
order  of  General  Grant,  and  many  of  the  regiment  were  killed,  and  he  was 
himself  so  severely  wounded  that  he  died  from  the  injuries  in  1867  at  the  age 
of  thirty-six  years,  when  in  the  prime  of  a  life  that  would  have  had  a  still  more 


brilliant  future.  He  had  been  married  to  Miss  Charlotte  Stuart,  a  lady  of 
Highland  Scotch  ancestry ;  she  survived  her  husband  only  two  years,  passing 
away  in  1869.  They  were  members  of  the  Episcopal  church;  the  family  had 
been  in  that  faith  for  over  a  century,  and  two  members  had  been  Episcopal 
bishops.  Two  sons  were  born  to  them,  the  Judge  and  a  brother  named 
Charles  P.,  who  was  a  captain  in  the  United  States  army,  but  is  now  retired 
owing  to  disability  received  in  the  war  with  the  Apache  Indians. 

Henry  S.  Elliott  came  into  the  world  in  the  city  of  Beaufort,  South  Caro- 
lina, on  the  27th  of  March,  1858,  and  was.  therefore,  but  nine  years  of  age 
when  he  was  bereft  of  his  father,  being  then  reared  and  educated  in  the  family 
of  his  grandfather.  His  higher  training  was  received  in  the  Columbia  Univer- 
sity, and  in  1879  he  graduated  in  the  law  school  of  that  institution.  He  then 
removed  to  South  Carolina  and  was  for  some  time  in  the  office  of  his  uncle, 
William  Elliott,  a  lawyer  of  note.  He  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1880,  and 
two  years  later  went  west  and  took  up  his  residence  in  Buffalo,  Wyoming, 
where  he  opened  an  office.  In  the  fall  of  1882  he  was  chosen  prosecuting 
attorney  of  Johnson  county  and  successfully  discharged  the  duties  of  this 
position  for  two  terms ;  he  then  continued  his  practice  for  ten  years  and  was 
again  elected  prosecuting  attorney.  He  was  made  a  member  of  the  con- 
stitutional convention,  and  although  in  the  minority  party  was  elected  tem- 
porary chairman  of  the  convention.  After  this  he  was  the  candidate  of  the 
Democratic  party  for  justice  of  the  supreme  court,  but  with  the  rest  of  his 
ticket  failed  of  election. 

In  189 1  Mr.  Elliott  came  to  Centralia,  Lewis  county,  Washington,  and, 
after  spending  part  of  a  year  there,  he  removed  to  Chehalis,  where  he  has  since 
resided  and  followed  his  profession.  He  has  always  been  an  ardent  adherent 
of  the  Democratic  party,  and  his  election  to  office  in  Republican  centers  shows 
the  influence  of  his  strong  personality  and  his  eminent  fitness  for  the  repre- 
sentative of  the  people.  In  1896  he  was  elected  judge  of  the  superior  court  in 
a  very  strong  Republican  district,  and  he  served  in  that  honorable  position 
for  four  years;  in  1900  he  was  renominated  by  his  party,  but  failed  of  election 
by  the  narrow  margin  of  sixty-three  votes,  the  usual  Republican  majority 
being  fifteen  hundred.  While  not  serving  on  the  bench  Judge  Elliott  has  been 
very  active  in  the  interests  of  his  party,  being  a  very  effective  stump  speaker. 

In  1884  the  Judge  was  married  to  Miss  Mary  H.  Erhart,  a  native  of  the 
state  of  Ohio  and  from  a  Pennsylvania  Dutch  family,  who  were  early  settlers 
of  the  latter  state;  she  was  the  daughter  of  John  Erhart,  now  in  Wyoming. 
Six  sons  have  been  born  of  this  marriage:  Henry  S.,  Jr.,  Clarence  B.,  John 
H.,  Charles  P.,  Ralph  M.  and  Robert  B.  They  have  a  nice  home  in  Chehalis 
and  are  held  in  high  regard  in  society-  In  the  Masonic  fraternity  Mr.  Elliott 
is  past  high  priest  of  the  chapter  and  past  master  of  the  blue  lodge.  He  and 
his  wife  are  valued  members  of  the  Episcopal  church. 


General  Bradley  is  one  of  the  most  highly  respected  citizens  of  Tacoma 
and  one  of  the  few  remaining  generals  of  the  great  Civil  war,  and  he  is  now 









spending  the  evening  of  a  life  which  has  been  (leveled  to  the  service  of  his 
country  in  a  delightful  home  on  Prospect  Hill,  in  the  lovely  city  of  Tacoma. 
From  both  his  father  and  mother  he  is  descended  from  old  New  England 
ancestry,  and  the  Bradley  family  was  founded  in  this  country  in  1650.  The 
progenitor  of  the  Prentis  family  was  a  trooper  in  Cromwell's  army,  and  was 
from  Essex,  England.  He  came  to  the  new  world  in  1640.  and  made  himself 
famous  as  an  Indian  fighter  in  the  early  history  of  the  country.  The  paternal 
grandfather  of  our  subject,  Phineas  Bradley,  was  a  merchant  and  farmer 
in  New  Haven,  Connecticut,  and  served  as  captain  of  artillery  in  the  colonial 
army  during  the  Revolutionary  war,  while  the  maternal  grandfather,  also 
from  New  Haven,  was  a  captain  of  infantry  for  the  colonies  during  the 
same  memorable  struggle,  and  General  Bradley,  is  fortunate  enough  to  have 
the  diploma  of  the  order  of  Cincinnati  of  this  illustrious  grandsire  in  his  pos- 
session. Luther  Bradley,  the  father  of  the  general,  was  born  in  New  Haven, 
Connecticut,  followed  merchandising  as  his  life  occupation  and  was  a  valued 
member  of  the  Congregational  church.  He  married  Miss  Nancy  Prentis,  of 
Stonington,  Connecticut,  and  his  death  occurred  when  he  had  reached  his 
fifty-eighth  year,  while  his  wife  attained  the  good  old  age  of  eighty-eight 

General  Bradley,  the  youngest  <>f  his  parents'  thirteen  children,  and  the 
only  one  of  this  numerouV  family  now  living,  also  claims  the  Charter  Oak 
state  as  the  place  of  his  nativity,  his  birth  occurring  in  New  Haven  on  the 
22d  of  December,  1822,  He  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of 
his  native  city,  and  was  engaged  in  the  selling  of  books  until  September  15, 
1861,  when,  in  answer  to  President-Lincoln's  call  for  volunteers  to  aid  in  the 
preservation  of  the  Union-,  he  offered  his  services  to  his  country  and  was 
commissioned  lieutenant  colonel  of  the  Fifty-first  Illinois  Infantry,  receiving 
his  command  from  the  governor  of  Illinois.  He  became  a  member  of  the 
Army  of  the  Cumberland,  and  served  in  Mississippi,  Tennessee,  Georgia,  Ala- 
bama and  Missouri.  In  1862,  for  meritorious  service  on  the  field  of  battle, 
he  was  promoted  to  the  position  of  colonel,  and  still  higher  honors  awaited 
him,  for  in  1864,  he  was  made  a  brigadier  general  and  participated  in  all  the 
campaigns  with  the  Army  of  the  Cumberland.  He  was  wounded  in  the  hip 
and  right  arm  by  a  rifle  ball  at  the  battle  of  Chickamauga,  and  at  Springhill, 
Tennessee,  received  a  gunshot  wound  in  the  left  shoulder.  General  Bradley 
served  his  country  bravely  until  the  war  was  ended,  and  in  1866  he  was  ap- 
pointed lieutenant  colonel  of  the  regular  army,  while  later,  in  T879,  was  com- 
missioned a  colonel,  and  in  that  capacity  served  in  the  Indian  wars  in  North 
Montana,  Dakota,  Arizona  and  New  Mexico.  Continuing  in  active  service 
until  December,  1886,  he  was  then,  on  account  of  his  age,  retired  from  active 
duty.  His  has  been  a  long  and  active  career  in  the  cause  of  his  country,  but 
he  is  now  living  quietly  in  his  pleasant  home  in  Tacoma,  and  none  know  him 
save  to   wish   him   well. 

In  1868  General  Bradley  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  lone  Dewey, 
of  Chicago.  She  is  descended  from  the  same  family  of  which  Admiral  Dewey 
is  a  member.  They  have  two  sons,  William  D..  an  architect  in  Boston,  and 
Robert  P.,  engaged  in  the  manufacture  of  line  clay  brick  in  Tacoma.  The 
General  and  Mrs.   Bradley  are   Unitarians  in   their  religions  belief,  and   he 



is  one  of  the  directors  of  the  Historical  Society  of  Washington  and  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Loyal  Legion. 


There  is  always  a  spirit  of  dashing  enterprise  and  progress  about  the 
business  men  of  the  west  which  is  the  more  admirable  when  we  consider  what 
they  have  accomplished  in  such  a  short  time  in  the  new  and  undeveloped 
country  beyond  the  Rockies.  This  air  seems  to  pervade  and  act  as  one  of  the 
causes  of  the  success  of  the  extensive  grocery  establishment  of  C.  O.  Gingrich, 
who  is  undoubtedly  the  leader  in  this  line  of  business  in  Lewis  county,  and 
owns  a  store  which  is  an  honor  both  to  himself  and  the  city.  How  much 
of  this  success  is  due  to  the  sturdy  German  blood  which  runs  in  his  veins, 
or  to  the  western  enthusiasm,  or  to  his  own  inherent  character,  is  not  to  be 
determined  in  this  brief  sketch,  but  it  is  enough  to  state  that  Mr.  Gingrich  has 
won  more  than  moderate  success  in  his  enterprises,  and  has  certainly  deserved 
what  he  has  gained. 

The  first  of  the  family  to  come  to  America  was  grandfather  Gingrich, 
who  located  in  Virginia,  and  his  son  Peter  was  born  to  him  there.  The  latter 
married  Margaret  Swatsontumber,  who  was  a  native  of  Germany.  Peter 
Gingrich  lived  to  be  ninety-one  years  old  and  passed  away  in  1901,  but  his 
estimable  wife  still  survives  and  makes  her  home  in  Michigan,  having  reached 
the  age  of  eighty-eight  years.  Both  of  these  worthy  people  were  members  of 
the  Mennonite  church.  Eight  of  the  ten  children  of  these  parents  are  now 
living,  and  two  brothers  and  a  sister  reside  in  the  state  of  Washington. 

Christian  Otto  Gingrich  was  born  in  Reed  City,  Michigan,  on  March  9, 
1862,  and  as  his  father  was  a  farmer,  his  youth  alternated  between  the  neigh- 
boring schoolhouse  and  the  duties  of  the  home  place.  He  decided  that  he  would 
adopt  some  other  pursuit  than  that  of  his  father,  and  accordingly  began  his 
career  by  engaging  in  the  hotel  business.  He  went  west  to  Taconia  in  1888 
and  in  1889  came  to  Chehalis.  He  ran  the  Chehalis  House,  which  was  the 
first  hotel  in  the  city,  and  in  this  way  he  got  his  financial  start.  After  two 
years  spent  in  the  capacity  of  landlord,  he  made  the  beginnings  of  his  present 
large  grocery  house.  The  first  stock  that  he  carried  was  valued  at  only  about 
$3,500,  but  he  paid  close  attention  to  business,  was  liberal  in  his  methods,  and 
knew  how  to  win  customers,  and  the  result  is  that  he  now  has  stock  valued  at 
$18,000.  In  1895  lie  erected  a  fine  brick  structure  in  the  very  heart  of  the 
business  district,  with  ample  accommodations  for  all  his  trade.  The  store  is 
twenty-five  by  one  hundred  and  twenty  feet  and  runs  clear  through,  so  that 
one  entrance  is  on  Market  street  and  the  other  on  Pacific  avenue.  There  is 
also  a  large  warehouse  which  is  twenty-five  by  one  hundred  feet.  Besides  his 
extensive  retail  trade,  Mr.  Gingrich  wholesales  goods  to  the  smaller  towns 
and  maintains  a  branch  store  at  Centralia.  It  is  easy  to  see,  therefore,  that 
he  stands  at  the  head  in  his  line  and  is  looked  upon  as  one  of  the  powers  in 
the  business  circles  of  Lewis  county.  He  holds  stock  and  is  one  of  the  direc- 
tors in  the  Chehalis  Fir  Door  Manufacturing  Company. 

Mr.  Gingrich  has  a  nice  home  in  Chehalis  and  has  been  married  about 
live  years,  having  been  united  in  1898  to  Miss  Edith  Jackson;  she  is  Canadian 


born,  but  was  reared  and  educated  in  Centralia,  and  her  father,  S.  K.  Jack- 
son, resides  in  that  place.  The  son  born  to  them  has  been  named  Harold. 
Mr.  Gingrich  also  finds  time  outside  of  business  to  attend  to  social  matters, 
•and  is  very  prominent  in  the  fraternal  organizations,  being  a  member  of  the 
Masons,  the  Knights  of  Pythias,  the  Woodmen  of  the  World,  the  Ancient 
Order  of  United  Workmen,  the  Eastern  Star,  the  Degree  of  Honor,  the 
Women  of  Woodcraft ;  in  politics  he  is  a  stanch  Democrat. 

D.   D    CALKINS. 

D.  D.  Calkins,  of  Tacoma,  is  well  known  as  a  mining  operator  of  the 
northwest,  and  his  business  interests  in  the  development  of  the  rich  mineral 
resources  of  this  portion  of  the  continent  and  his  labors  in  reclaiming  arid 
land  through  irrigation  have  proved  of  the  greatest  value  to  this  section  of 
the  country,  as  well  as  a  source  of  profit  to  himself.  He  is  a  representative  of 
that  class  of  men  whose  labors  have  led  to  the  wonderful  development  of  the 
Sound  country,  men  with  ability  to  see  in  unsettled  and  apparently  waste 
places  of  the  world  the  opportunity  for  improvement,  and  who  utilize  this 
opportunity  in  a  way  that  advances  civilization  as  well  as  individual  profit. 

Mr.  (.alkins  is  a  native  of  Valparaiso,  Indiana,  born  in  1869,  a  son  of  the 
Hon.  William  H.  and  Hattie  (Holton)  Calkins.  The  father  was  born  Febru- 
ary 18,  1842,  in  Pike  county,  Ohio,  and  in  1853  accompanied  his  father's 
family  to  Indiana,  where  through  the  succeeding  three  years  he  worked  upon 
his  father's  farm.  In  1856,  when  his  father  was  elected  county  auditor,  he 
became  his  deputy,  acting  in  that  capacity  for  two  years,  and  in  the  spring  of 
1861  he  was  the  city  editor  and  bookkeeper  of  the  Indiana  Dail\<  Courier, 
published  at  Lafayette.  His  leisure  hours  during  this  period  were  devoted 
to  the  study  of  law.  At  the  breaking  out  of  the  Civil  war  he  enlisted  as  a 
private  in  the  company  commanded  by  Captain  J.  W.  Templeton,  of  Benton 
county,  Indiana.  This  company  was  intended  for  the  three  months'  service, 
but  the  quota  being  filled  it  was  transferred  to  the  state  service  for  one  year 
and  temporarily  attached  to  the  Fifteenth  Indiana  Regiment,  and  the  following 
August  it  was  disbanded.  Mr.  Calkins  then  went  to  Iowa  and  assisted  in 
raising  a  company  in  Jones  county,  that  state,  so  that  in  1861  he  entered  the 
three  years'  service  as  a  first  lieutenant- of  Company  H.  Fourteenth  Iowa  In- 
fantry. Pie  fought  at  Forts  Henry  and  Donelson  and  at  the  battle  of  Shiloh, 
and  at  the  close  of  the  first  day's  engagement  at  Shiloh  the  remnant  of  his 
regiment  surrendered,  and  he,  with  other  officers,  was  taken  a  prisoner.  He 
was  confined  at  Macon  and  Madison,  Georgia,  and  in  Libby  prison,  and  in 
October,  1862,  was  paroled.  After  his  release  he  joined  his  regiment  and  was 
ordered  to  Springfield.  Missouri,  to  repel  the  invasion  of  the  Confederate 
General  Marmaduke.  He  was  then  sent  to  Cairo,  Illinois,  and  later  to  Pa- 
ducah,  Kentucky,  where  in  1863  he  left  his  regiment  with  his  health  seriously 
impaired  because  of  imprisonment  and  exposure.  He  re-entered  the  army  in 
October,  1863.  and  was  temporarily  assigned  to  the  One  Hundred  and  Twenty- 
eighth  Indiana  Infantry,  then  being  recruited.  In  February,  1864,  he  was 
promoted  to  the  rank  of  major  of  the  Twelfth  Indiana  Cavalry,  with  which 
he  remained  until  mustered  out  of  service,  in  December,   1865,  commanding 


it  more  than  half  the  time  during  active  service.  At  the  close  of  the  war  he 
was  brevetted  lieutenant  colonel  for  meritorious  service. 

On  the  20th  of  June,  1864,  Colonel  Calkins  was  married  to  Miss  Hattie 
S.  Holton,  a  native  of  Rush  county,  Indiana,  and  in  December,  1865,  he  re- 
turned to  Valparaiso,  Indiana,  to  which  place  his  father  had  in  the  meantime 
removed,  and  there  he  immediately  entered  upon  the  practice  of  law,  wherein 
he  was  destined  to  rise  to  prominence.  In  October,  1866,  he  was  elected 
prosecuting  attorney  of  the  district  composed  of  nine  of  the  northwestern 
counties  of  the  state,  and  served  to  the  entire  satisfaction  of  his  constituents, 
as  was  evinced  by  the  fact  that  he  was  re-elected  in  1868.  In  1870  he  was  a 
member  of  the  Forty-seventh  general  assembly  from  Porter  county,  and  in 
May,  1S71,  he  removed  to  Laporte,  Indiana,  where  he  entered  upon  the  prac- 
tice of  his  profession  with  Judge  Osborn.  In  1874  he  was  nominated  for  Con- 
gress by  the  Republicans,  but  was  defeated  by  Dr.  Hammond,  of  Monticello. 
In  1876  he  was  again  nominated  and  was  elected  by  eleven  hundred  votes  over 
his  old  competitor,  and  was  re-elected  in  1878.  In  1880  he  was  re-elected 
from  the  thirteenth  congressional  district,  and  was  re-elected  from  the  same 
district  in  188 J.  At  the  Republican  state  convention  in  June,  1S84,  the  year 
of  Blaine's  defeat,  he  was  nominated  for  governor  of  Indiana,  but  was  de- 
feated by  Isaac  P.  Gray  at  the  ensuing  election,  the  total  vote  being  five  hundred 
and  fifty  thousand.  He  continued  in  the  practice  of  law  in  Indianapolis  until 
February,  1880,  when  he  removed  to  Tacoma,  and  here  his  superior  legal 
attainments  won  him  distinguished  judicial  honors.  In  April,  1889,  he  was 
appointed  by  President  Harrison  one  of  the  four  supreme  judges  of  the  ter- 
ritory of  Washington,  which  position  he  filled  until  the  admission  of  Wash- 
ington into  the  Union.  He  then  resumed  the  practice  of  law  in  Tacoma,  and 
in  1891  was  a  candidate  for  United  States  senator,  but  was  defeated  by  Walter 
C.  Squire,  of  Seattle.  His  attention  was  then  devoted  to  an  important  law 
practice  in  Tacoma  until  his  death,  which  occurred  in  1894.  His  widow  is  still 
living  in  Tacoma 

During  most  of  Colonel  Calkins'  congressional  career  the  family  resided 
in  Washington,  and  for  one  year  of  that  time  D.  D.  Calkins  was  a  student  in 
the  Chester  Military  Academy,  at  Chester,  Pennsylvania.  In  1884,  when 
fifteen  years  of  age,  he  went  to  North  Dakota  and  lived  on  a  ranch  for  fifteen 
months  and  then,  returning  to  Indianapolis,  where  his  father  was  engaged  in 
the  practice  of  law,  he  attended  the  high  school  there  until  1888,  when  he 
received  from  the  government  an  appointment  to  the  position  of  assistant 
topographer  in  the  geographical  survey,  which  work'  took  him  to  Montana, 
where  he  remained  for  several  months.  Again  locating  in  Indianapolis,  he 
there  remained  until  the  fall  of  1889,  when  he  came  to  Tacoma,  and  since 
that  time  he  has  been  engaged  largely  in  mining  and  irrigation  enterprises 
in  the  northwestern  coast  country,  in  which  two  branches  of  development  he 
has  had  probably  as  much  experience  and  is  as  well  informed  as  any  man  in 
this  section  (if  the  country.  His  operations  in  these  directions  have  been 
conducted  in  Washington,  Oregon,  Idaho  and  British  Columbia,  during  which 
time  he  has  made  his  headquarters  in  Tacoma.  For  two  and  a  half  years 
he  had  charge  of  the  big  irrigation  plant  and  development  work  at  Prosser, 
Washington,  and  at  the  present  time  his  largest  interests  are  in  gold,  silver 


and  copper  mining  properties  on  Vancouver  Island,  British  Columbia,  where 
he  has  valuable  possessions.  His  office,  however,  is  at  No.  508  National 
Bank  of  Commerce  building  in  Tacoma. 

In  June,  1897,  in  Salem,  Oregon,  Mr.  Calkins  was  united  in  marriage 
to  Miss  Adelaide  Rogers,  a  native  of  Indiana,  and  in  the  social  circles  of  this 
city  they  hold  an  enviable  position,  the  hospitality  of  Tacoma's  best  homes 
being  extended  to  them.  Their  own  pleasant  residence  is  at  iiio  North 
Ninth  street.  The  name  of  Mr.  Calkins  has  become  well  known  in  the  north- 
west as  that  of  a  promoter,  whose  labors  have  been  effective  and  beneficial 
in  the  development  of  the  great  material  resources  of  this,  portion  of  die 
country,  and  with  firm  faith  in  the  future  of  this  section  he  is  demonstrating 
its  possibilities  and  giving  proof  of  its  splendid  business  opportunities. 


That  little  hamlet  in  Dutchess  county,  New  York,  which  bears  the 
name  of  Thorndale  received  its  name  from  the  fact  that  the  family  estate 
of  the  Thornes  has  been  there  since  1700,  and  this  land  is  still  in  the  possession 
of  the  descendants  of  that  original  household.  This  is  also  an  evidence  of 
the  antiquity,  from  the  American  standpoint,  of  the  family's  residence  in 
this  country,  whither  they  were  emigrants  from  England.  In  one  of  the 
more  recent  generations  was  Edwin  Thorne,  who  was  a  native  and  life-long 
resident  of  New  York  city,  where  he  was  a  prominent  financier  and  capitalist, 
a  director  in  the  American  Exchange  Bank,  and  he  died  there  in  1887.  His 
wife  was  Charlotte  Pearsall,  who  also  lived  and  died  in  New  York  city. 

Chester  Thorne  was  born  to  these  parents  on  November  11,  1863.  He 
was  a  student  in  Yale  College  and  was  graduated  in  1884,  having  made  a 
specialty  of  civil  engineering.  He  then  came  west  and  secured  a  position 
in  the  engineering  department  of  the  Missouri  Pacific  Railroad,  and  for  the 
next  three  or  four  years  was  engaged  in  that  work  in  Missouri.  Kansas  and 
Nebraska.  And  it  was  during  this  period  that  he  was  fortunate  enough  to 
win  the  personal  friendship  of  that  great  railroad  manager  and  exploiter, 
H.  M.  Hoxie,  first  vice  president  and  general  manager  of  the  Missouri  Pa- 
cific, and  at  least  one  of  the  results  of  these  confidential  relations  was  the 
marriage  in  1886  in  New  York  of  Mr.  Thorne  to  Miss  Annie  Hoxie,  a  niece 
of  the  railroad  magnate. 

In  1890  Mr.  Thorne  came  to  Tacoma  with  the  intention  of  making  it 
his  permanent  home  if  it  suited  him,  as  it  did,  and  his  first  importanl  invest- 
ment was  in  stock  of  the  National  Bank  of  Commerce.  But  be  did  not  take- 
much  part  in  that  institution's  affairs  until  January  1,  1893,  when  he  was 
elected  its  president,  which  is  his  present  position,  and  he  is  now  the  principal 
stockholder.  The  National  Bank  of  Commerce  is  the  leading  bank  in  Ta- 
coma; it  was  organized  August  25,  1887,  and  its  capital  stock  is  two  hundred 
thousand  dollars,  with  a  surplus  of  about  one  hundred  thousand,  and  de- 
posits of  almost  two  million  dollars.  Mr.  Thorne  has,  since  [893,  devoted 
the  greater  part  of  his  time  and  energy  to  the  interests  of  this  institution, 
but  his  other  financial  interests  in  Tacoma  and  vicinity  are  large,  and  he  has 
invested  large  sums  for  the  purpose  of  building  up  the  city.     lie  is  a  member 


of  the  Chamber  of  Commerce  and  the  Union  Club,  and  he  and  his  wife  are 
prominent  in  society.     They  have  one  little  girl  named  Anna. 


Thomas  H.  Wilkins,  president  of  the  California  Mining  Company,  of 
Taconia,  was  born  in  England,  near  the  city  of  London,  in  1S51,  and  is  a  son 
of  Henry  and  Amelia  (Hill-Hatfield)  Wilkins,  both  now  deceased.  The 
Hatfield  family  was  an  old  and  distinguished  one,  belonging  to  the  aristocracy 
of  England,  and  the  mother  of  our  subject  had  in  her  possession  their  coat 
of  arms.  When  but  a  young  boy  Thomas  H.  was  deprived  by  death  of  a 
father's  care  and  protection,  and,  although  his  older  brothers  had  received 
college  educations,  the  family  at  that  time  was  in  somewhat  straitened  cir- 
cumstances, and  our  subject  accordingly  decided  to  see  something  of  the 
world  on  his  own  account  and  made  his  way  to  London.  While  in  that  city 
he  became  a  choir  boy  in  one  of  its  cathedrals,  and  he  also  sang  in  the  Crystal 
Palace.  Through  employment  with  mercantile  establishments  in  London 
he  secured  a  good  business  education,  and  when  still  a  young  man  was  made 
steward  on  a  trans-Atlantic  steamship,  on  which  he  made  several  trips,  and 
later,  in  1872,  decided  to  make  his  future  home  in  the  United  States.  Ar- 
riving here,  he  turned  his  attention  to  mercantile  pursuits,  which  occupation 
he  followed  in  New  York,  Cincinnati,  Kansas  and  Nebraska,  and  in  1874 
he  made  his  way  to  Arizona  and  embarked  in  business  in  Prescott,  thus  con- 
tinuing for  a  period  of  about  one  year.  Returning  thence  to  the  Sunflower 
state,  Mr.  Wilkins  took  up  his  abode  in  Dodge  City,  where  he  conducted  a 
meat  market,  and  was  in  business  there  during  the  strenuous  frontier  times 
for  which  that  place  was  formerly  noted.  From  Dodge  City  he  made  his 
way  to  Silver  Cliff,  Colorado,  and  in  that  place  and  the  neighboring  mining 
regions  he  obtained  that  complete  experience  in  the  mining  business  that  has 
since  enabled  him  to  win  such  a  high  degree  of  success.  He  passed  through 
every  branch  of  the  industry,  as  a  miner,  timberman,  ore-sorter,  foreman, 
superintendent,  general  manager  and  mine-owner,  and  also  worked  in  the 
assay  office,  in  the  smelter  and  concentrator,  so  that  in  addition  to  his  experi- 
ence in  the  mines  he  obtained  a  thorough  scientific  knowledge  of  metals  and 
of  geological  formations.  After  making  a  decided  success  in  the  mining 
business,  Mr.  Wilkins  was  induced  to  abandon  the  occupation  and  invest  a 
large  sum  of  money  in  a  patent  medicine  business  at  Denver,  which  was  con- 
ducted on  a  large  scale,  but  this  proved  a  financial  failure,  and  Mr.  Wilkins 
saw  the  accumulations  of  years  of  honest  toil  and  endeavor  swept  from 
him.  With  undaunted  courage,  however,  he  set  about  to  retrieve  his  lost 
fortune,  and,  learning  the  trade  of  carpentering,  he  worked  successfully  at 
that  occupation  in  Colorado  for  day's  wages,  finally  becoming  a  contractor. 
Coming  to  Tacoma  in  1889,  he  embarked  in  that  business  in  this  city  during 
its  "boom"  days,  and  it  has  ever  since  continued  to  lie  his  home.  After  the 
panic  subsided  he  decided  to  return  to  the  mining  business,  in  which  he  has 
met  with  an  unusual  degree  of  success,  resulting,  however,  from  his  expert 
knowledge  of  the  business  in  all  its  details.  During  the  passing  years  he 
has  developed  a  number  of  valuable  gold  properties  on  the  Pacific  coast,  but 


at  the  present  time  His  interests  are  centered  principally  with  the  California 
Mining  Company,  of  which  he  is  the  president  and  principal  owner.  The 
mines  of  this  company,  which  are  located  at  Shady  Run,  Placer  county, 
Colorado,  were  supposedly  worked  out  by  a  company  which  operated  them 
twenty  years  ago  and  then  discontinued  as  of  no  further  value.  On  ex- 
amining the  property  Mr.  Wilkins  discovered  that  their  great  wealth  had 
not  yet  been  touched,  and  he  accordingly  purchased  the  property.  The  old 
dump,  which  ran  through  the  smelter,  produced  gold  to  the  value  of  fourteen 
dollars  to  the  ton.  On  the  property  there  is  both  placer  and  quartz  mining, 
they  having  two  hundred  solid  feet  of  quartz  which  will  keep  a  three  hundred 
stamp  mill  busy  for  about  five  years  to  come. 

In  the  city  of  Rosita,  Colorado,  Mr.  Wilkins  was  united  in  marriage  to 
Miss  Rose  B.  Latta,  and  they  have  become  the  parents  of  three  daughters, 
Rosita  Fern,  Alice  Irene  and  Nellie  Leola.  The  eldest,  although  but  eight 
years  of  age,  is  an  accomplished  musician,  and  is  often  called  upon  to  per- 
form on  the  violin  in  churches  and  on  other  public  occasions.  Mr.  Wilkins 
also  spends  much  of  his  leisure  time  in  cultivating  his  musical  tastes,  being 
a  tenor  soloist,  and  he  is  the  composer  of  a  number  of  choice  selections,  while 
for  a  time  he  was  chorister  of  the  First  Methodist  church  of  Tacoma.  The 
family  reside  in  an  attractive  and  commodious  residence  at  3106  North 
Twenty-fourth  street,  and  both  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Wilkins  are  members  of  the 
Mason  Methodist  church. 


Deeply  engraved  on  the  pages  of  pioneer  history  of  Pierce  county  is 
the  name  of  Marion  G.  Denton,  for  he  was  among  the  first  to  locate  within 
its  borders,  and  during  his  long  residence  in  this  section  of  the  state  he  has 
borne  an  important  part  in  the  substantial  development  and  material  progress 
of  the  county.  He  was  born  in  Sherwood,  Branch  county,  Michigan,  in 
1847,  an(l  is  a  son  °f  J-  W.  and  Mary  L.  (Gilbert)  Denton.  The  father, 
who  was  a  native  of  Vermont,  was  for  many  years  employed  as  a  druggist. 
Some  time  in  the  thirties  he  emigrated  to  Michigan,  taking  up  his  abode  in 
Sherwood,  but  in  1848  he  removed  his  family  to  Rock  Island,  Illinois, 
and  from  there,  in  1856,  to  St.  Charles,  Minnesota,  where  he  was  numbered 
among  the  early  pioneers,  having  been  one  of  the  first  to  take  up  government 
homesteads  in  that  region.  On  account  of  ill  health  he  had  been  obliged  to 
abandon  the  drug  trade,  and  afterward  gave  his  attention  to  agricultural  pur- 
suits. He  continued  to  make  his  home  in  Minnesota  during  the  remainder 
of  his  life,  and  was  well  known  as  a  prosperous  and  progressive  citizen.  The 
mother  of  our  subject,  who  was  born  in  one  of  the  New  England  states,  de- 
parted this  life  in  Rochester,  Minnesota. 

Marion  G.  Denton  was  just  one  year  old  when  the  family  left  Michigan, 
and  after  their  removal  to  Minnesota  he  returned  to  Illinois  to  attend  school. 
About  the  close  of  the  Civil  war,  in  1865,  he  could  not  longer  resist  the  temp- 
tation to  enter  the  conflict,  and.  returning  to  Rochester,  Minnesota,  enlisted 
for  service  in  March,  1865,  becoming  a  member  of  Company  H,  First  Min- 
nesota Infantry.     His  field  of  operation  was  Virginia,  and  in  the  following 


July  he  returned  to  Minnesota  and  was  mustered  out  at  Fort  Snelling.  He 
was  the  youngest  member  of  his  regiment.  After  his  return  from  the  army 
Mr.  Denton  located  at  Rochester,  Minnesota,  which  continued  as  the  scene 
of  his  activities  for  the  succeeding  twenty  years,  on  the  expiration  of  which 
period  he  came  to  the  Sound  country  and  remained  in  the  then  new  town  of 
Tacoma  until  the  latter  part  of  that  year,  when  he  returned  to  the  east.  Com- 
ing again  to  the  Evergreen  state  in  1884,  he  made  a  number  of  investments 
and  business  deals  and  then  returned  to  his  Minnesota  home  to  close  his  finan- 
cial interests  there,  after  which,  in  1888,  he  came  to  Tacoma  to  take  up  his 
permanent  abode.  He  entered  at  once  into  the  business  activity  of  the  place 
and  became  a  promoter  of  large  real  estate  and  mining  propositions  in  Ta- 
coma and  throughout  the  Sound  region.  He  organized  and  was  president 
of  the  Washington  Land  and  Improvement  Company,  which  purchased  large 
tracts  of  land  and  started  the  town  of  Centralia  on  its  upward  course,  the 
development  work  done  by  them  there  having  been  the  means  of  increasing 
its  population  from  seven  hundred  to  four  thousand  in  a  short  time.  They 
also  were  the  means  of  having  the  railroad  built  from  Centralia  west  to  Gray's 
Harbor,  while  in  1884  Mr.  Denton  was  one  of  the  promoters  of  the  Tacoma 
Coal  &  Coke  Company,  one  of  the  first  companies  to  begin  developing  the 
now  extensive  coal  interests  of  Pierce  county.  This  corporation  opened 
mines  and  established  coke  ovens,  the  first  in  the  state,  at  Wilkeson,  which 
are  still  in  active  and  successful  operation,  and  he  has  also  been  largely  in- 
terested in  gold  and  silver  mines.  His  greatest,  efforts,  however,  have  been 
centered  in  Tacoma,  where  during  the  "  boom  "  days  he  owned  much  prop- 
erty, but  the  panic  of  1893  swept  from  him  the  accumulations  of  many  years 
of  hard  and  incessant  toil.  He  platted  and  placed  on  the  market  the  Smith  & 
Denton  addition  to  Tacoma,  now  almost  in  the  heart  of  the  city,  and  has  been 
a  member  of  the  Chamber  of  Commerce  from  its  early  days,  while  in  1893  he 
served  as  its  secretary. 

The  marriage  of  Mr.  Denton  was  celebrated  in  April,  1888,  at  Rochester, 
Minnesota,  when  Miss  Mary  H.  Evans  became  his  wife,  and  they  have  two 
sons,  Pierre  E.  and  Gilbert.  The  family  have  a  -wide  acquaintance  through- 
out this  section  of  the  state,  and  their  many  noble  characteristics  have  won 
for  them  the  warm  regard  of  a  large  circle  of  friends. 


Talent  is  a  product  of  neither  some  special  locality  nor  of  a  definite 
period  of  time,  and  the  classic  common  of  Boston  is  no  more  the  abiding  plac« 
of  genius  than  the  distant  pine-covered  regions  beyond  the  Rockies.  Ancf 
the  truth  of  the  couplet  seems  ever  more  apparent  that  "  some  must  follow 
and  some  command,  though  all  are  made  of  clay."  Whether  the  spring  of 
power  in  the  Hon.  Frank  R.  Baker  had  its  origin  in  those  who  have  pre- 
ceded him,  or  is  the  product  of  his  own  nature  and  character,  there  is  no 
doubt  but  that  he  owes  much  to  the  parents  who  gave  the  proper  direction 
to  his  mental  proclivities  and  gave  him  a  training  where  his  tastes  might 
have  free  development. 

Hiram  Baker  was  born  in  the  state  of  Ohio  and  came  west  to  Iowa  about 


AST        .  LENQx  ANQ 


1850,  where  he  located  in  Bentonsport.  and  this  has  been  the  family  home  for 
the  last  half-century.  He  was  an  energetic  business  man,  and  most  of  his 
active  career  was  spent  as  a  shoe  merchant.  He  has  also  been  a  prominent 
man  in  local  affairs,  and  was  a  member  of  the  city  council  for  fourteen  years : 
he  finally  refused  to  hold  the  office  longer,  and  his  eldest  son  was  elected 
in  his  place.  His  wife,  whose  maiden  name  was  Elizabeth  Hammond,  was  a 
native  of  Ohio  and  is  now  deceased. 

The  son,  Frank  R.,  was  born  in  Bentonsport,  Van  Buren  county,  Iowa, 
on  November  11,  1862.  During  his  public  school  training  he  was  a  hard 
student,  and  thus  early  began  thinking  of  the  more  serious  problems  of  life. 
His  literary  education  was  cut  short,  however,  at  the  age  of  sixteen,  when 
he  left  home  and  went  to  the  northwestern  part  of  Kansas,  where  he  remained 
nearly  two  years,  until  1879.  On  his  return  to  Iowa  he  became  a  clerk  in 
a  store  at  Ottumwa,  but  in  1886  he  went  to  southern  California  and  obtained 
a  fine  position  in  San  Diego  county  as  superintendent  of  a  magnificent  fruit 
ranch  of  seventeen  hundred  acres,  an  ideal  place  at  the  foot  of  the  mountains. 
But  it  was  in  1889  that  he  made  the  move  that  he  will  ever  regard  as  "  the 
important  decision  of  his  life,"  when  he  came  to  Tacoma,  which  he  has  made 
his  home  ever  since.  At  first  he. . worked  a|  the  carpenter's  trade,  but  early  in 
1892  he  became  concerned  in  parties',  Vi'n/l  for_  the  next  six  years  was  one  of 
the  most  prominent  Fusionist-'sMh' the  northwest.  He  is  a  man  of  ready 
mother-wit,  a  gifted  speaker,  "  full  of  figures,"  and  having  the  ability  to 
mingle  freely  with  men  and  influence  them  to  his  way  of  thinking.  These 
qualities  gave  him  much  local  celebrity,  and;  he  was  chairman  and  secretary 
of  so  many  committees  and  conventions,  precinct,  county  and  state,  that  he 
had  little  time  for  anything  else.  In  1892  he  was  elected  a  member  of  the 
state  legislature,  was  returned  in  1894  and  again  in  1896.  While  in  that  body 
he  was  not  merely  drawing  his  salary,  but  served  on  various  committees  and 
was  helpful  in  promoting  beneficial  legislation.  One  of  his  most  commend- 
able acts  was  in  preserving  the  State  Historical  Society  from  bankruptcy  and 
dissolution  by  having  an  appropriation  passed  for  its  maintenance. 

For  three  years  Mr.  Baker  was  the  owner  and  editor  of  the  Tacoma 
Sun,  and  in  this  work  showed  remarkable  ability  as  a  literary  man  and  a 
manager.  In  1900  he  was  a  delegate  to  the  national  editorial  convention 
at  New  Orleans.  Mr.  Baker's  argumentative  and  logical  mind  and  his  talent 
for  forensic  contests  inclined  him  to  the  study  of  law,  in  which  field  he  could 
find  a  better  opportunity  to  display  these  powers.  Accordingly,  he  had  been 
devoting  his  leisure  time  to  this  subject  while  he  was  in  the  newspaper  busi- 
ness, and  on  August  13,  1900,  was  admitted  to  the  bar  at  Tacoma.  He  has 
always  made  a  reputation  as  a  lawyer  and  enjoys  a  good  practice.  His 
tenacious  memory  and  his  desire  to  investigate  to  the  bottom  of  a  matter 
have  given  him  a  great  advantage,  and  his  power  as  a  pleader  before  the 
jury  has  often  so  impressed  his  hearers  that  he  has  then  and  there  won  clients. 
But  he  has  not  neglected  his  literary  propensities,  and  his  productions  often 
appear  in  the  local  press.  His  ability  as  a  poet  is  shown  in  his  well  remem- 
bered poems,  entitled  "  McKinley's  Farewell  "  and  "  Anarchy,''  which  were 
published  in  the  Tacoma  Ledger. 

Mr.  Baker  has  been  married  twice.     His  first  wife  was  Catharine  Cul- 


len,  to  whom  he  was  married  in  Ottumwa,  Iowa,  in  1884,  and  the  children, 
Lena,  Harry  and  Robert,  are  of  this  marriage.  The  second  marriage  was 
celebrated  in  Tacoma,  January  11,  1893,  to  Miss  Jennette  Miller,  who  has 
become  the  mother  of  a  boy,  Rinaldo.  Robert  is  his  father's  especial  pride, 
for  he  seems  to  have  inherited  the  literary  accomplishments  of  his  father  and 
he  is  achieving  a  local  reputation  as  a  poet  and  speaker.  He  is  a  very  pre- 
cocious youth,  and  since  he  was  able  to  read  has  been  a  student  of  the  an- 
cient and  modern  classics,  during  the  last  two  years  having  been  the  author 
of  much  poetry  of  high  merit.  He  is  also  in  great  demand  because  of  his 
powers  as  an  elocutionist,  and  the  range  of  his  versatile  genius  is  from  the 
grave  to  the  gay.  But  with  this  all,  he  is  a  manly  young  fellow,  a  fine  athlete 
and  an  enthusiastic  member  of  the  high  school  football  team. 

Mr.  Baker  is  consul  of  Camp  288,  Woodmen  of  the  World,  and  is  also 
prominent  in  the  Improved  Order  of  Red  Men.  At  his  home,  which  is  at 
1922  South  Yakima  avenue,  he  has  a  fine  library  and  everything  indicative 
of  the  scholar;  his  business  office  is  at  505-506  in  the  National  Bank  of  Com- 
merce building. 


The  Malcolm  E.  Gunston  Company,  real  estate,  loan  and  insurance, 
in  Tacoma,  is  one  of  the  largest  and  most  important  of  its  kind  in  the  city, 
and  its  annual  transactions  foot  up  to  a  very  large  total.  It  represents  some 
of  the  largest  insurance  companies,  and  the  integrity  and  financial  standing 
of  the  members  insure  absolute  confidence  from  investors  in  their  representa- 
tions. The  offices  of  the  company  are  at  210-213  Berlin  building.  The 
principal  member  of  the  firm  and  the  owner  of  most  of  the  business  is  Mal- 
colm E.  Gunston,  who  has  been  identified  with  Tacoma's  business  interests 
for  twelve  years.  He  is  English  born,  and  is  the  son  of  Edwin  and  Chris- 
tina (Geddes)  Gunston,  both  natives  of  England.  The  former  was  a  retail 
and  wholesale  provision  merchant  in  London,  and  was  very  successful,  re- 
tiring in  1896  with  ample  means.  He  died  in  1899,  while  his  wife's  death 
occurred  in  1888. 

The  birth  of  Malcolm  E.  Gunston  took  place  in  London,  January  27, 
1867,  and  after  he  had  acquired  a  fair  educational  training  he  entered  an 
auctioneering  and  estate  agent's  office,  learning  what  is  in  this  country  the 
business  of  real  estate,  finance  and  insurance.  He  was  there  until  he  was 
twenty  years  old,  when  he  decided  to  better  his  lot  by  coming  to  America. 
He  was  located  in  New  York  city  and  in  Connecticut  for  a  while,  but  in 
1890  came  to  Tacoma,  Washington,  by  way  of  the  Isthmus,  and  he  has  been 
in  his  special  line  of  business  here  ever  since.  He  was  first  a  member  of 
the  firm  of  Taylor,  Gunston  and  Barber,  afterward  Pritchard,  Taylor  and 
Gunston,  until  he  became  the  principal  partner  and  established  the  present 

In  1891  Mr.  Gunston  was  married  to  Miss  Marie  Estella  La  Freniere, 
and  they  have  five  children :  Malcolm  Dudley,  Estella  Christina,  Virginia 
Grace,  George  Tilley  and  Gladys  Marie.  They  reside  at  19 12  North  Pros- 
pect avenue  and  are  highly  regarded  members  of  society.     He  is  a  member 


of  the  Chamber  of  Commerce,  the  Union  Club,  and  the  Trinity   Episcopal 


Men  with  lives  of  almost  dramatic  interest  are  so  common  in  this  new 
land  of  America  that  their  Argonautic  ventures  in  the  avenues  of  trade  and 
commercial  enterprise  have  ceased  to  attract  attention,  but  in  a  few  hundred 
years,  when  the  surging  floodtide  of  rushing  business  activity,  refluent,  leaves 
the  world  in  calm  and  steady  progress,  the  writer  of  romance,  casting  about 
in  the  past  for  a  theme  of  brilliant  interest,  will  no  longer  seize  upon  the 
plumed  knight  and  braggart  warrior  but  upon  the  "  captains  of  industry  " 
of  the  present  age,  men  who  build  enterprises  of  colossal  strength,  command 
larger  forces  of  men  than  a  Napoleon,  and  manipulate  the  instruments  of 
commerce  for  the  advancement  of  civilization  at  a  rate  before  unknown. 
It  is  to  a  career  which  abounds  in  striking  moves  in  the  business  world,  with 
many  ups  and  downs  and  ins  and  outs,  that  the  attention  of  the  reader  is 
directed  in  this  brief  biography  of  the  president  of  the  Yreka  Copper  Com- 
pany of  Tacoma,  one  of  the  largest  and  most  important  mining  enterprises 
of  the  west. 

The  career  of  this  gentleman  begins  back  in  the  old  Pine  Tree  state  of 
Maine,  where  his  parents  were  native  and  lived  and  died.  Arnee  F.  Owen 
was  born  in  Albion,  Maine,  and  was  a  Quaker  in  religious  belief  and  by 
trade  a  cabinet-maker,  being  one  of  the  foremost  men  in  the  •community. 
His  wife  was  Julia  Stratton,  who  was  born  and  reared  in  the  same  place 
as  her  husband  and  was  the  most  beautiful  woman  in  the  country  around. 
She  died  in  Maine  about  1875,  and  ner  husband  passed  away  five  years  later. 

Hezekiah  S.  Owen  was  born  to  these  worthy  parents  in  Clinton,  Kenne- 
bec county,  Maine,  January  9,  1840.  While  attending  the  excellent  village 
schools  and  the  academy  of  the  place  he  was  also  engaged  in  acquiring  a 
knowledge  of  his  father's  trade,  and  he  followed  that  pursuit  until  he  was 
twenty-one  years  old.  Then  the  Civil  war  came  on,  and  in  December,  1861, 
he  enlisted  in  Company  C.  Fifteenth  Maine  Infantry.  During  the  first  winter 
the  regiment  was  encamped  in  tents  at  Augusta,  but  early  in  the  spring  went 
south,  where  it  saw  its  first  active  service.  But  Mr.  Owen's  hardest  warfare 
began  when  his  regiment,  under  General  Butler  and  Admiral  Farragut,  made 
their  advance  on  New  Orleans,  which  resulted  in  the  capture  and  occupation 
of  that  city,  where  Mr.  Owen  was  located  for  some  time.  Later  under  Gen- 
eral Banks  he  was  in  some  dangerous  service  in  the  Red  River  campaign, 
and  on  into  Texas  and  the  Rio  Grande  district,  and  while  here  his  term  of 
enlistment  expired  and  he  at  once  re-enlisted  fur  the  end  of  the  war.  He  was 
in  all  the  engagements  of  his  regiment,  never  received  a  wound,  and  at  the 
close  of  the  war  was  mustered  out  at  New  York  city,  with  a  record  of  service 
for  four  years,  eight  months  and  eleven  days. 

Mr.  Owen  returned  home  and  was  married,  after  which  he  settled  down 
at  Presque  Island,  Maine,  for  a  year,  and  then  went  to  Hallowed,  where 
he  was  a  contractor  and  builder  for  many  years.  He  was  successful  here,  but 
was  constantly  on  the  lookout  for  better  fields,  and  when  in  1879  the  boom 


in  Leadville,  Colorado,  began,  he  went  to  that  city  and  soon  had  twenty-five 
or  thirty  men  working  under  him  as  a  contractor  and  builder.  After  a  year 
he  also  became  interested  in  mining,  and  not  only  gained  thereby  a  thorough 
knowledge  of  such  operations  but  made  a  success  of  his  ventures  in  a  financial 
way.  He  continued  both  lines  of  business  with  profit  to  himself  for  five 
years,  but  his  health  was  impaired  because  of  the  high  altitude,  and  on  tbe 
advice  of  his  physician  he  went  to  San  Francisco,  where  he  remained  two 
months.  While  here  he  heard  of  the  possibilities  of  the  Puget  Sound  country, 
and  on  coming  here  on  a  tour  of  inspection  was  so  favorably  impressed  with 
the  site  of  Tacoma  that  he  decided  to  remain.  As  this  was  in  1884  and  Ta- 
coma  was  then  only  a  small  village  but  with  a  bright  future,  Mr.  Owen  may 
well  be  termed  one  of  the  "  old  timers." 

On  his  arrival  in  Tacoma  he  at  once  embarked  in  his  regular  trade,  and 
soon  after  obtained  the  contract  for  the  erection  of  the  government  buildings 
on  the  Puyallup  Indian  reservation.  In  a  few  months  he  opened  a  job  shop 
and  picture  frame  store  on  Commerce  street,  but  at  the  end  of  a  year  he  met 
with  the  first  of  his  misfortunes  which  seemed  to  pursue  him  like  an  angry 
fate.  His  building  and  stock  were  a  total  loss  by  fire,  but  he  at  once  moved 
up  to  Tacoma  avenue  and  started  a  new  store,  which  later  grew  into  the 
leading  art  emporium  of  Tacoma.  This  was  a  prosperous  venture,  but  Mr. 
Owen  was  always  thinking  of  new  enterprises,  and  so  he  added  to  his  busi- 
ness by  starting  the  "  New  England  Dining  Room,"  on  C  street  with  a  seat- 
ing capacity  of  thirty  persons,  but  at  the  end  of  a  month  be  had  enlarged  his 
quarters  and  was  serving  five  hundred  persons  a  day  and  clearing  one  thou- 
sand dollars  a  month.  But  in  a  few  months  he  was  again  visited  by  fire, 
everything  being  lost.  Having  had  such  good  success,  however,  he  opened  a 
fine  lunch  counter  in  a  new  building  at  the  corner  of  D  and  Eleventh  streets, 
but  in  1892  he  sold  out,  retaining  only  his  art  store.  He  soon  afterward 
started  another  lunch  counter  on  Commerce  street,  which  paid  him  the  first 
year  five  thousand  dollars  in  profits ;  he  next  had  a  regular  restaurant  on 
Pacific  avenue  near  Thirteenth  street,  which  he  sold  at  a  large  profit  after 
conducting  for  six  months.  In  the  meantime,  while  occupying  apartments 
at  the  St.  James  Hotel,  he  and  his  wife  barely  escaped  with  their  lives  from 
their  third  fire.  About  this  time  he  sold  both  his  restaurant  and  art  store  at 
a  profit,  and  then  decided  to  take  a  surburban  home  at  Steilacoom  and  enjoy 
a  needed  rest,  but  he  had  been  there  only  a  short  time  when  the  fiery  fiend 
destroyed  his  property  for  the  fourth  time  in  four  years,  surely  a  record  in 
this  kind  of  misfortune,  of  which,  however,  he  does  not  care  to  boast.  He 
returned  to  the  city  and  opened  a  restaurant  opposite  the  Northern  Pacific 
depot,  which  he  ran  for  six  weeks,  when  he  received  a  good  offer  and  sold. 
Altogether  Mr.  Owen  has  established  six  different  restaurants  in  Tacoma, 
and  so  successfully  has  he  been  in  their  conduct  and  management  that  he  has 
been  approached  with  good  offers  to  sell. 

After  disposing  of  this  last  business  he  and  his  wife  went  to  California 
to  recuperate  their  health,  but  so  full  of  restless  energy  is  Mr.  Owen  that  he 
had  been  in  San  Jose  but  a  short  time  before  he  was  found  in  the  conduct 
of  a  restaurant,  from  which  he  cleared  five  thousand  dollars  in  a  short  period. 
Returning  to  Tacoma  in   1896,  he  went  into  the  restaurant  business  on  C 


street,  opposite  where  the  Fidelity  building  now  stands,  and  at  the  same 
time  opened  a  real  estate  and  mining  broker's  office  over  the  Northern  Pacific 
ticket  office.  He  was  so  successful  in  the  latter  venture  that  in  1898  he 
sold  out  his  restaurant,  and  since  then  has  been  buying  and  selling  principally 
mining  stocks,  being  an  officer  in  a  number  of  different  companies. 

In  October,  1901,  Mr.  Owen,  with  Mr.  S.  T.  Lewis,  purchased  the  claims 
of  the  Yreka  Copper  Company  on  Vancouver  Island,  British  Columbia,  and 
it  is  here  that  he  has  laid  the  basis  for  a  great  enterprise,  and  one  which 
will  prove  of  immense  profit  not  only  to  the  immediate  owners  but  to  all  the 
industrial  development  of  the  west.  He  is  president  and  the  largest  individual 
stockholder  in  the  company.  In  March,  1902,  they  added  sixteen  more 
claims,  comprising  what  is  known  as  the  "  upper  "  property,  which  contains 
the  most  valuable  and  available  ore.  All  the  stock  of  the  company  is  now 
taken  up  and  is  worth  two  or  three  times  its  par  value.  Besides  the  copper 
there  is  enough  gold  and  silver  in  the  ore  to  pay  operating  expenses,  and  the 
mines  are  so  near  deep  water  that  a  short  tramway  is  all  that  is  necessary 
to  convey  the  ore  to  the  company's  ships;  about  two  hundred  and  fifty  tons 
are  shipped  daily,  and  there  are  millions  of  paying  deposits  in  sight,  the  ore 
being  quarried  like  rock.  Arrangements  have  been  made  to  build  a  smelter 
on  the  spot  with  a  capacity  of  five  hundred  tons  per  day,  and  everything  is 
being  done  to  make  this  colossal  property  an  enterprise  second  to  none  in 
the  west.  Mining  experts  from  other  mining  syndicates  have  examined  the 
deposits,  and  flattering  offers  have  been  made  for  the  property,  the  representa- 
tive of  a  Berlin  company  having  offered  five  million  dollars.  The  capital 
stock  of  the  company  is  now  two  million  dollars. 

Mr.  Owen  owns  twenty  lots  in  Tacoma,  and  is  going  to  build  one  of  the 
beautiful  homes  of  that  city.  He  is  a  member  of  Custer  Post,  Grand  Army 
of  the  Republic,  and  in  other  ways  is  regarded  as  one  of  the  best  citizens  of 
Tacoma.  In  1865  Mr.  Owen  was  married  at  Hallowell,  Maine,  to  Clara  S. 
Woodward,  but  sbe  died  while  on  a  visit  to  her  daughter  in  Minneapolis  in 
1879,  leaving  three  children:  Etta  May,  George  L.  and  Irving.  He  was 
married  to  his  present  accomplished  and  intelligent  wife  in  Tacoma  in  1882. 
Her  maiden  name  was  Lydia  R.  Richards,  and  she  is  a  native  of  Boston,  and 
has  been  of  great  assistance  to  her  husband  in  business  matters. 


From  small  beginnings  to  great  results,  from  nativity  in  the  extreme 
eastern  state  of  the  Union  to  present  residence  in  the  westernmost  state  of 
Washington, — would  give  the  reader  an  outline  of  the  life  history  of  the 
above  named  gentleman.  Although  he  was  born  in  the  state  where  the  lum- 
ber industry  of  the  United  States  may  be  said  to  have  begun,  his  business 
relations  while  he  was  residing  there  had  nothing  to  do  with  that  activity, 
and  it  was  only  in  Washington  that  he  has  become  one  of  the  largest  shingle 
manufacturers  in  the  west. 

His  parents  were  Joseph  and  Betsey  (Durgan)  McNeeley,  and  the  for 
mer  was  an  Irishman,  who  emigrated  to  Maine  when  a  young  man,  and  was 
known  for  his  sturdy  character.     When  the  Civil  war  broke  out  he  enlisted 


and  was  one  of  the  hundreds  who  fell  in  that  awful  slaughter  before  Fred- 
ericksburg, December  13,  1862.  His  wife  was  a  native  of  Maine  and  died 

Tbeir  son  Edwin  J.  was  born  in  Somerset  county,  at  Skowhegan,  the 
county  seat,  in  1858.  and  bis  boyhood  was  passed  in  that  town.  He  had  the 
real  Yankee  industry  and  thrift,  and  when  he  was  still  a  boy  he  began  the 
manufacture  of  candies,  which  he  sold  at  wholesale  as  well  as  retail.  When 
be  was  eighteen  years  old,  in  1876,  he  went  to  San  Jose,  California,  and  re- 
sided there  from  April  to  October.  But  he  then  returned  to  Maine  and  re- 
sumed his  candy  manufacturing.  The  favorite  method  of  trading  in  that 
country  was  carting  the  goods  around  from  town  to  town,  combining  the 
modern  commercial  traveler  with  the  peddler,  and  for  three  years  he  sold 
his  sweets  to  the  neighboring  dealers.  He  then  went  west  and  located  in 
Boone,  Iowa,  where  he  continued  his  wholesale  candy  manufacturing  for  a 
time,  and  later  engaged  in  the  grocery  and  crockery  business.  In  1888  Mr. 
McNeeley  made  a  tour  of  the  west  with  a  view  to  find  a  more  congenial  cli- 
mate, and  when  he  arrived  in  Tacoma  in  July  he  became  so  impressed  with 
the  general  appearances  of  the  country  and  its  possibilities  for  future  de- 
velopment that  he  determined  to  stay  here.  For  his  first  venture  he  bought 
a  controlling  interest  and  acted  as  manager  of  the  Tacoma  steam  laundry, 
but  in  1890  he  discontinued  this  and  began  buying  and  selling  real  estate  and 
loaning  money.  In  1893  he  was  elected  president  of  the  Tacoma  Abstract  & 
Title  Insurance  Company,  which  office  he  held  until  the  company  was  merged 
with  the  Commonwealth  Title  Company.  After  a  study  of  the  local  resources 
he  decided  to  embark  in  the  lumber  and  shingle  business,  for  this  country  is 
magnificently  endowed  with  the  raw  material. — is,  in  fact,  the  third  state  in 
the  Union  in  this  respect.  He  made  his  start  by  selling  shingles  on  commis- 
sion. The  first  year  was  very  discouraging,  as  prices  were  low  and  the  mar- 
kets seriously  affected  by  the  hard  times,  but  he  was  possessed  of  the  true 
American  grit,  and,  knowing  that  the  tide  would  turn,  he  stuck  it  out  and 
soon  had  his  business  on  a  paying  basis.  When  his  trade  justified  it,  he  estab- 
lished shingle  mills  at  Tacoma  and  at  Everett,  and  in  1898  articles  of  incor- 
poration were  granted  for  the  firm  of  E.  J.  McNeeley  and  Company,  with 
Mr.  McNeeley  as  president  and  John  R.  Palmer  as  secretary.  Besides  the 
large  mills  at  Everett  and  Tacoma  the  company  controls  the  output  of  several 
other  plants  on  the  Puget  Sound,  and  the  total  product  amounts  to  one  mil- 
lion shingles  a  day.  These  are  not  only  marketed  in  the  northwest,  but  go 
as  far  south  as  Kentucky,  and  east  to  Vermont.  The  great  success  of  this 
growing  and  prosperous  business  is  in  a  large  measure  due  to  Mr.  McNeeley, 
and  the  past  record  of  his  life  shows  how  well  be  deserves  this  good  fortune. 
The  main  offices  of  the  company  are  at  311-312  Fidelity  building.  Tacoma. 
In  1898  Mr.  McNeeley  was  elected  president  of  the  Washington  Red  Cedar 
Shingle  Manufacturers'  Association  of  the  state  of  Washington,  and  was  re- 
elected in  1899. 

Mr.  McNeeley  is  a  prominent  Mason,  a  member  of  the  Chamber  of  Com- 
merce, and  is  chairman  of  the  board  of  trustees  of  the  First  Presbyterian 
church,  which  is  probably  the  leading  church  of  the  city.  Tn  February.  1880, 
he  married  a  native  daughter  of  Maine,  Miss  Geneva  A.  Buck.  They  reside 
in  their  pleasant  home  at  11 13  Sixth  avenue. 



One  of  the  most  highly  respected  and  valued  citizens  of  Pierce  county  is 
Abraham  C.  Young,  the  president  of  the  Young  Lumber  Company,  of  Ta- 
coma.  Born  at  Caro,  Tuscola  county,  Michigan,  in  1849,  ne  's  a  son  0I 
William  Young,  who  claimed  South  Crosby,  Canada,  as  the  place  of  his  nativ- 
ity. Early  in  life  the  latter,  who  was  a  farmer  by  occupation,  located  in 
Michigan,  but  about  1865  he  took  up  his  abode  at  Gordon  Grove,  Decatur 
county,  Iowa,  where  he  became  a  prominent  and  well  known  agriculturist, 
and  his  death  occurred  there  a  few  years  ago.  The  mother  of  our  subject  bore, 
the  maiden  name  of  Amelia  Coon,  and  she,  too,  was  born  in  Canada  and  was 
of  Scotch  parentage.     She  has  also  entered  into  eternal  rest. 

Abraham  C.  Young  received  an  ordinary  public  school  education  during 
his  boyhood  and  youth,  and  after  putting  aside  his  text  bonks  he  began  work 
in  the  white  pine  woods  of  Michigan,  being  then  only  sixteen  years  of  age. 
Continuing  in  that  occupation  until  his  twentieth  year,  he  then  established 
a  country  store  in  Tuscola  county,  which  he  conducted  in  connection  with 
a  small  lumber  business,  buying  logs.  etc.  Two  years  later,  however,  he 
returned  to  Caro,  the  place  of  his  birth,  and  there  resumed  his  mer- 
cantile pursuits  on  a  larger  scale.  When  but  twenty-four  years  of  age  he 
was  elected  to  the  responsible  position  of  president  of  the  Tuscola  County 
Agricultural  Society,  while  some  time  later  he  became  president  of  the  state 
farmers'  institute  of  the  same  county,  and  in  1887  was  elected  mayor  of 
Caro,  all  of  which  positions  he  resigned  in  1889  to  come  to  Tacoma.  Few 
men  attained  greater  prominence  or  became  more  widely  known  in  that  en- 
terprising city  than  did  Mr.  Young,  and  his  popularity  was  well  deserved. 
After  his  arrival  in  Tacoma,  and  in  company  with  his  brother,  he  organized 
the  lumber  firm  of  Young  Brothers,  and  in  August  of  the  same  year  built  a 
shingle  mill  on  the  shore  line  at  Old  Town,  the  firm  of  Young  Brothers  con- 
tinuing through  one  year  and  a  half.  In  1891  our  subject  organized  and  in- 
corporated the  Cushing- Young  Shingle  Company,  of  which  he  was  made 
president  and  general  manager,  and  this  relationship  was  continued  until 
September,  1892,  when  Mr.  Young  sold  his  interest  to  Theophilus  Cushing, 
and  in  the  same  year  organized  and  incorporated  the  Young  Lumber  Com- 
pany, the  stock  of  which  is  all  owned  in  his  immediate  family,  the  stock- 
holders consisting  of  his  wife,  Frances  J.  Young,  and  their  son.  Delberl  A., 
the  latter  of  whom  is  secretary  and  treasurer,  while  our  subject  is  the  presi- 
dent. During  the  first  two  years  of  its  existence  the  Young  Lumber  Com- 
pany did  no  manufacturing,  the  firm  being  exclusive  and  extensive  wholesale 
shippers  of  lumber  and  shingles,  shipping  to  all  points  between  the  two 
oceans  and  employing  as  many  as  six  traveling  salesmen  in  the  east.  In  order 
to  secure  material  for  this  extensive  trade  without  having  to  depend  upon 
outside  manufacturers,  Mr.  Young  in  [895  organized  and  incorporated  the 
lumber  manufacturing  firm  of  Carlson  Brothers  &  Company,  the  Young 
Lumber  Company  taking  a  one-half  interest,  while  the  remaining  half  is 
owned  by  David  Carlson,  Olaf  Carlson  and  Andrew  Johnson.  This  new  cor- 
poration erected  a  large  lumber  and  shingle  mill  on  the  shore  line  at  Old 
Town,  which  now  has  a  capacity  of  three  hundred  and  fifty  thousand  shin- 



gles  a  day,  one  hundred  thousand  feet  of  lumber,  and  employs  one  hundred 
men.  At  this  mill  David  Carlson  is  superintendent  and  office  manager ;  Olaf 
Carlson,  the  log  buyer;  and  Andrew  Johnson,  the  master  mechanic  and 
manager.  For  business  purposes  the  firm  of  Carlson  Brothers  &  Company 
is  a  separate  organization,  but  it  is  practically  the  manufacturing  department 
of  the  Young  Lumber  Company,  which  owns  half  the  stock  and  concerns  it- 
self chiefly  in  marketing  the  product.  This  mammoth  enterprise  stands  as 
a  monument  to  the  thrift  and  extensive  business  ability  of  Mr.  Young,  and  it 
is  without  doubt  that  this  will  soon  constitute  one  of  the  leading  enterprises 
of  Tacoma.  The  Young  Lumber  Company  also  control  the  output  of  the 
Reed  &  Andrews  Shingle  Mill,  at  Old  Town,  which  has  a  capacity  of  a  car- 
load of  shingles  daily,  and  also  that  of  the  Kent  Mill  Company,  at  Auburn. 

At  Caro,  Michigan,  in  September,  1871,  Mr.  Young  was  united  in  mar- 
riage to  Miss  Frances  J.  Bearss,  and  they  have  an  only  son,  Delbert  A.,  who 
is  the  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  Young  Lumber  Company,  but  takes  no 
active  part  in  its  management.  After  his  graduation  in  Washington  Col- 
lege he  entered  immediately  into  the  banking  business,  and  is  now  assistant 
cashier  of  the  National  Bank  of  Commerce  in  Tacoma.  He  is  now  twenty- 
nine  years  of  age.  Mr.  Abraham  Young  is  a  member  of  the  Chamber  of 
Commerce,  and  is  one  of  the  enterprising  and  successful  business  men  of  the 
city  of  Tacoma. 


For  many  years  Mr.  Sampson  was  one  of  the  most  prominent  citizens 
of  Tacoma,  held  some  of  the  most  important  elective  offices,  and  in  his  death 
the  city  lost  one  who  had  devoted  his  best  efforts  to  the  upbuilding  of  public 
interests  and  had  achieved  an  enviable  distinction  in  the  different  departments 
of  life.  He  was  the  son  of  the  Rev.  William  H.  Sampson,  who  was  born  in 
Brattleboro,  Vermont,  and  received  a  college  education,  after  which  he  studied 
for  the  ministry  and  was  ordained  by  the  Methodist  church  when  a  young 
man.  He  came  to  Wisconsin  at  an  early  day,  where  he  gained  prominence 
both  as  a  preacher  and  an  educator.  He  was  the  first  president  of  Lawrence 
University  at  Appleton,  Wisconsin,  and  was  connected  with  that  institution 
for  many  years.  He  retired  from  the  ministry  at  the  age  of  seventy-five  and 
came  to  Tacoma  to  spend  his  remaining  days  with  his  son,  Lammon,  and  here 
he  was  greatly  beloved  by  the  people  for  his  beautiful  character,  and  is  still 
remembered  and  spoken  of  with  great  affection.  He  died  in  Tacoma  in  1892 
at  the  age  of  eighty-three,  having  lived  in  this  city  since  1884.  His  wife  was 
Rhoda  Beebe.  who  was  born  in  New  England,  and  is  also  deceased. 

Lammon  E.  Sampson  was  born  at  Fond  du  Lac,  Wisconsin,  in  Novem- 
ber, 1848,  and  he  was  quite  young  when  he  entered  Lawrence  University. 
He  did  nut  remain  to  finish  his  four-year  course,  however,  for  in  1864  he  left 
school  to  join  the  army;  he  was  drummer  in  the  Fortieth  Wisconsin  Regi- 
ment, and  served  from  January  of  that  year  till  the  close  of  the  war.  Com- 
ing out  of  the  army  he  attended  college  for  one  year  and  then  entered  a  news- 
paper office  at  Appleton  and  learned  the  printer's  trade.  He  had  become 
thoroughly  acquainted  with   journalism  when,  in    1872,   he  went  to  Salina, 




Kansas,  and  with  his  brother,  Mason  D.  Sampson,  who  had  served  through- 
out the  war  in  the  Fortieth  Regiment  and  had  become  a  captain,  establisbed 
the  Saline  County  Journal.  It  is  said  that  Mr.  Sampson  was  the  first  editor 
to  use  the  word  "  cyclone  "  in  describing  the  zephyrs  which  were  in  the  habit 
of  sweeping  across  Kansas  prairies  in  the  early  seventies. 

In  March,  18S1,  Mr.  Sampson  and  his  wife  came  to  Tacoma,  which  was 
then  a  village  in  a  forest,  and  his  energy  soon  placed  him  among  the  city's 
foremost  citizens.  He  accumulated  property,  and  spent  a  great  deal  in  the  aid 
of  public  enterprises.  About  the  first  office  was  that  of  postmaster,  which 
he  held  by  appointment  from  President  Arthur  in  1882,  and  notwithstanding 
bis  strong  Republican  sympathies  his  services  were  so  satisfactory  that  he 
continued  under  President  Cleveland's  administration,  but  after  six  years' 
service  resigned  in  1887.  In  the  following  year  he  was  elected  city  treasurer 
for  two  years,  and  in  1890  was  made  county  commissioner,  and  it  was  during 
this  four-year  term  that  the  splendid  Pierce  county  court  house  was  built. 
He  became  a  member  of  the  city  council  in  1895,  an<i  from  1896  to  1900  was 
chairman  of  the  finance  committee  of  that  body.  In  1899  Mr.  Sampson 
formed  a  partnership  in  the  real  estate  business  with  his  brother-in-law,  J. 
C.  Guyles,  and  the  firm  is  still.  in.e.\i_s£eHC-e:.under  the  name  of  Sampson  and 
Guyles.  He  was  still  in  the^prinie  pf.  life  and  mental  powers  when  he  was 
called  away  by  death  on  March  5.  tpo'2,  and'ras  help  has  been  greatly  missed 
in  many  departments  of  the  affairs  of  the  city  and  county.  He  had  always 
held  a  leading  position  in  the  ranks  of,  the  Republican  party,  belonged  to 
Custer  Post,  Grand  Army  of  the:  Republic,  and  all  the  newspaper  accounts 
published  at  the  time  of  his  death  were  highly  eulogistic  of  his  public  and 
private  career. 

Mrs.  Sampson,  who  survives  and  resides  in  Tacoma,  was  married  to  Mr. 
Sampson  at  Salina,  Kansas,  in  1878.  Her  maiden  name  was  Miss  Lou  E. 
Van  Zandt,  and  she  was  a  native  of  Jacksonville,  Illinois,  and  the  daughter 
of  John  A.  and  Martha  (Carnes)  Van  Zandt,  one  of  the  old  families  of  that 
place.  She  received  a  good  education,  finishing  at  the  Athenaeum,  one  of 
the  prominent  institutions  of  learning  at  Jacksonville,  and  she  determined  to 
become  a  school  teacher.  Accordingly  she  left  home  in  1873  and  came  to 
Kansas,  locating  at  Salina,  where  she  was  one  of  the  successful  and  pop- 
ular teachers  until  her  marriage  in  1878.  She  is  also  well  known  in  Tacoma 
and  enjoys  the  regard  of  many  friends.  Her  two  sons,  William  and  John, 
are  both  students  in  Whitworth  College. 


Edgar  I.  Thompson,  of  the  law  firm  of  Winne  &  Thompson,  of  What- 
com, Whatcom  county,  Washington,  was  born  at  Deposit,  Broome  county, 
New  York,  April  12,  i860,  son  of  William  R.  and  Peninah  G  (Hulce) 
Thompson.  His  father  was  born  in  Connecticut  and  was  a  civil  engineer.  In 
early  life  he  removed  from  Connecticut  to  Deposit,  New  York,  when  he  met 
and  married  Peninah  G  Hulce.  of  the  Flulce  family,  so  widely  known  through- 
out Broome  and  Delaware  counties.  In  the  early  forties  he,  together  with 
two  other  parties,  surveyed  the  larger  part  of  the  eastern  part  of  the  state  of 



Wisconsin  for  the  government.  In  the  year  1859  he  removed  with  his  fam- 
ily from  Deposit,  New  York,  to  Freeport,  Stephenson  county,  Illinois,  where 
he  engaged  in  farming.     He  died  at  Freeport  in  1872  and  was  buried  there. 

The  paternal  grandfather  was  James  Thompson,  of  Woburn,  Massa- 
chusetts, and  who  was  a  soldier  in  the  Revolutionary  war,  and  later  became 
member  of  Congress  from  the  first  congressional  district  of  Massachusetts. 
His  brother,  Captain  Isaac  S.  Thompson,  of  Flint,  New  York,  was  a  captain 
in  the  Revolutionary  war.  Another  one  of  the  family  was  Rev.  Leander 
Thompson,  a  distinguished  Congregational  minister  at  North  Woburn,  Mass- 
achusetts, who  compiled  the  history  of  the  Thompson  family. 

The  paternal  great-great-grandfather  was  Benjamin  Thompson,  born  at 
North  Woburn,  Massachusetts,  in  the  colonial  days.  He  was  a  distinguished 
chemist  and  civil  engineer,  and  became  famous  in  America,  England,  France 
and  Germany  as  Count  Rumford.  Although  his  brothers  espoused  the  colon- 
ial side,  he  remained  ever  true  to  the  crown,  and  at  the  opening  of  that  con- 
flict he  went  to  England  and  offered  his  services.  Entering  the  British  army, 
he  was  rapidly  promoted  for  distinguished  services  not  only  in  America  but 
later  in  Europe,  where  he  became  a  captain.  He  was  made  a  baronet  by 
George  the  Third.  While  stationed  with  the  English  troops  at  Bavaria,  he 
became  chief  adviser  for  the  King  of  Bavaria,  who  conferred  upon  him  the 
title  of  "  count,''  and  in  honor  of  his- mother,  a  Rumford,  a  member  of  a  noble 
English  family,  he  selected  her  name,  and  was  thereafter  known  as  Count 
Rumford,  under  which  title  and  name  he  achieved  his  fame  as  an  engineer, 
a  chemist,  a  philanthropist  and  a  scientist.  He  endowed  the  chair  of  chemical 
science  at  Harvard  College,  which  is  still  conducted  under  his  endowment. 
He  died  at  Auteuil,  a  suburb  of  Paris,  in  1814. 

The  Thompson  family  in  America  was  founded  by  James  Thompson, 
who  came  with  his  family  from  England  in  1630.  in  Governor  Winthrop's 
party,  landing  at  Salem.  He  afterwards  settled  with  his  family  at  Woburn, 
Massachusetts,  which  remained  the  family  home  for  several  generations. 

Edgar  I.  Thompson,  at  the  age  of  eighteen  years  entered  the  State 
Normal  School  at  Whitewater,  Wisconsin,  completing  the  course  in  three 
years  and  six  months,  after  which  he  taught  school  for  one  year,  and  at  the 
close  of  which  he  commenced  the  study  of  law  with  the  law  firm  of  Page  & 
Cass,  of  Whitewater,  Wisconsin.  After  reading  law  for  one  year  he  entered 
the  senior  law  class  of  the  law  school  of  the  Wisconsin  State  University  and 
graduated  with  the  law  class  of  1885.  He  then  returned  to  Whitewater  and 
began  the  practice  of  his  profession,  and  that  same  year  was  elected  justice 
of  the  municipal  court.  After  serving  out  his  term  of  two  years  he  was  re- 
elected and  served  one  more  year,  when  he  resigned  and  accepted  an  appoint- 
ment as  secretary  and  assistant  treasurer  of  Olivet  College  at  Olivet,  Mich- 
igan. The  close  confinement  and  constant  mental  application  of  this  position 
caused  his  health  to  give  way,  and  under  the  advice  of  his  physician,  Mr. 
Thompson  came  to  the  Pacific  coast  and  set  up  in  the  practice  of  his  profes- 
sion at  Tacoma. 

Having  learned  the  creamery  business  when  a  boy  on  a  farm  at  White- 
water. Wisconsin,  Mr.  Thompson  built  and  established,  during  the  hard 
times  in    1894,  the   Sumner   Creamery,   aside   from  his  law   practice.     This- 


creamery  enterprise  became  so  remunerative  and  required  such  constant  care 
that  Mr.  Thompson  moved  from  Tacoma  to  Sumner,  where  he  practiced  his 
profession  and  looked  after  the  interest  of  his  creamery.  He  was  city  attorney 
for  that  place  up  to  the  time  he  removed  to  Whatcom  and  established  himself 
in  business  here  in  1901. 

While  living  at  Sumner  Mr.  Thompson  organized  the  Washington  State 
Dairymen's  Association,  and  drew  up  and  secured  the  passage  of  the  dairy 
laws  of  this  state  in  the  legislature  in  1895.  Tlie  passage  of  this  dairy  law 
practically  stopped  the  importation  of  oleomargarine  into  this  state,  thus  creat- 
ing a  demand  for  the  home  product  and  saving  nearly  one  million  dollars  per 
annum  to  the  people  of  Washington.  Mr.  Thompson  has  done  more  than 
any  other  man  for  the  dairy  interest  of  this  state. 

Wherever  he  is,  Mr.  Thompson  is  always  prominent  in  church  and  social 
life,  always  useful  in  Sunday  school  work,  and,  having  a  good  tenor  voice 
and  being  a  ready  reader  of  music,  he  is  ever  ready  and  willing  to  assist  in 
the  singing  on  all  occasions.  Mr.  Thompson  plays  the  piano,  violin  and  bass 
viol.  He  is  a  good  impromptu  speaker  and  a  great  worker  in  any  cause  for 
Christ  and  humanity. 


Ulric  L.  Collins,  who  is  filling  the  position  of  county  clerk  and  is  ex- 
officio  of  the  superior  court  of  Everett,  has  been  a  resident  of  Snohomish 
county  for  seven  years,  while  his  residence  in  the  state  of  Washington  dates 
from  1876.  He  is  a  native  of  Ohio,  born  October  5,  1847.  The  family  was 
founded  in  America  by  three  brothers,  who  came  from  England  to  the  new 
world  about  the  time  of  the  Revolutionary  war,  one  settling  in  Pennsylvania, 
another  in  New  England  and  the  third  in  the  south.  Mr.  Ulric  Collins  comes 
of  the  Pennsylvania  branch  of  the  family.  His  paternal  grandfather  was 
the  first  of  the  name  to  leave  the  Keystone  state  and  take  up  his  abode  in 
the  Western  Reserve  of  Ohio,  where  he  became  an  extensive  real  estate 
owner.  His  father,  William  Collins,  was  born  in  Pennsylvania  and  was 
given  the  name  which  was  a  prominent  one  in  the  family  for  many  genera- 
tions, covering  nearly  two  hundred  years.  He  was  about  twenty-one  years 
of  age  when  the  family  removed  to  Ohio,  and  there  he  engaged  in  teaching 
school.  He  became  a  member  of  the  United  Brethren  church  and  upon  its 
division,  occasioned  by  difference  of  opinion  concerning  the  missionary  ques- 
tion, he  joined  the  Methodist  church.  In  his  political  views  he  was  a  Whig. 
After  devoting  his  early  life  to  educational  work  he  became  a  lawyer  and 
practiced  his  profession  up  to  the  time  of  his  death,  which  occurred  when 
he  was  forty-two  years  of  age.  He  married  Margaret  Burn's,  and  they  be- 
came the  parents  of  seven  children,  three  of  whom  are  living,  but  the  subject 
of  this  review  is  the  only  one  in  Washington.  He  had  two  brothers  who 
were  soldiers  in  the  Civil  war.  William  J.,  who  is  now  a  ranchman  of  Cali- 
fornia, served  for  a  time  in  Company  L  of  the  Ninth  Indiana  Cavalry,  run- 
ning away  from  home  in  order  to  join  the  army.  He  was  captured  at  the 
battle  of  Sulphur  Springs,  in  Tennessee,  and  for  nine  months  was  held  as  a 
captive  in   a   rebel   prison.      Barnabus   was  a   quartermaster   of  the   Eighty- 


ninth  Indiana  Infantry,  appointed  to  that  position  by  Oliver  P.  Morton,  then 
governor  of  Indiana.  He  was  captured  but  was  paroled  on  the  battlefield 
at  Murfreesboro,  Tennessee.  He  died  in  Sacramento,  California,  where  he 
was  at  the  time  serving  as  a  member  of  the  state  legislature.  Addison  B., 
another  member  of  the  family,  became  a  resident  of  California  in  1850. 
There  he  was  engaged  in  mining  and  in  driving  a  stage  in  the  early  days,  in 
which  state  his  death  occurred.  One  sister  of  the  family  is  living  in  Wash- 
ington, D.  C. 

Ulric  L.  Collins  is  indebted  to  the  public  school  system  for  the  educa- 
tional privileges  he  enjoyed.  He  learned  the  printer's  trade  and  afterward 
took  up  the  study  of  telegraphy,  and  for  a  number  of  years  was  engaged  in 
railroad  work.  In  1876  he  came  to  the  west  and  was  with  the  Northern 
Pacific  Railroad  Company,  first  in  the  construction  department  and  later  in 
the  operating  department  after  the  road  had  been  completed  to  Pend  Oreille 
Lake.  Subsequently  he  was  in  the  "employ  of  the  Oregon  &  California  road 
as  a  representative  of  the  construction  department,  and  was  with  that  road 
until  its  line  was  completed  to  Ashland,  Oregon.  He  then  returned  to  the 
Northern  Pacific  Railroad  Company,  with  which  he  was  afterward  associated 
for  eight  years.  He  then  located  in  Tenino,  Thurston  county,  where  for 
seven  years  he  served  as  agent  of  the  road.  Later  he  lived  in  Arlington  and 
subsequently  in  Snohomish,  where  he  represented  the  Seattle  &  National 
Railroad.  In  1898  he  was  elected  clerk  of  the  Snohomish  county  and  is  now 
serving  in  that  capacity. 

In  his  political  views  Mr.  Collins  is  a  stalwart  Republican.  He  has 
always  affiliated  with  the  party,  believing  firmly  in  its  principles,  and  has 
cast  his  ballot  for  its  candidates  since  he  became  a  voter.  While  residing 
in  Thurston  county  he  was  elected  a  member  of  the  state  legislature  and 
served  in  the  sessions  of  1891-2.  He  was  an  active  and  valued  member  of 
the  house,  taking  an  interested  part  in  its  work,  and  he  served  as  chairman 
of  the  committee  on  the  state  capitol  and  capitol  grounds,  and  was  a  member 
of  four  other  committees.  In  1898  he  was  elected  clerk  of  Snohomish  county, 
and  has  held  that  office  for  two  terms,  being  re-elected  in  1900.  During  this 
period  the  work  of  the  office  has  steadily  increased  until  during  the  past 
year  the  business  has  been  the  greatest  in  the  record  of  the  county.  He  has 
frequently  attended  the  city,  county,  congressional  and  state  conventions  of 
his  party,  and  was  a  member  of  the  first  Republican  state  convention  after 
the  admission  of  Washington  into  the  union,  the  meeting  being  held  at 
Walla  Walla  in  1889. 

On  the  5th  of  October,  1892,  in  Thurston,  Washington,  Mr.  Collins 
was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Zella  F.  Loomis.  a  daughter  of  Bennet  E. 
Loomis  of  Bucoda,  this  state.  They  now  have  three  children:  Ulric  B., 
Zella  L.  and  William  Verde.  Mrs.  Collins  belongs  to  the  Everett  Ladies' 
Club,  and  both  our  subject  and  his  wife  occupy  an  enviable  position  in  social 
circles  in  the  regard  of  their  many  friends.  In  addition  to  their  home  in 
Everett  he  is  interested  in  farming  property  in  this  county.  His  fraternal 
relations  connect  him  with  both  the  lodge  and  uniformed  rank  of  the  Knights 
of  Pythias,  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks,  the  Forresters  of 
America  and  the  Royal  Arcanum. 



Lumbering  is  not  only  one  of  the  profitable  industries  but  is  also  one 
of  the  attractive  pursuits,  for  the  free  outdoor  life  of  the  great  forests  and 
the  constant  excitement  attendant  upon  the  hazardous  undertakings  con- 
nected with  the  work  entice  many  men  of  hardy,  courageous  nature  into  the 
occupation.  The  state  of  Washington  has  many  sawmill  plants  within  its 
borders,  and  one  of  the  largest  is  that  owned  by  Hamilton  Pitcher,  at  Napa- 
vine,  Lewis  county.  This  mill  has  a  capacity  of  forty  thousand  feet  of 
lumber  a  day;  it  was  built  by  Mr.  Pitcher  in  1898,  and  he  has  seven  hundred 
acres  of  timber  from  which  to  draw  his  supply;  a  railroad  track  three-quarters 
of  a  mile  long  has  been  built  to  the  timber,  which  expedites  the  matter  of 
transportation  and  of  handling  the  logs.  The  plant  furnishes  employment 
to  thirty-five  men  and,  with  the  planer  in  connection,  is  able  to  get  out  orders 
of  any  dimensions,  mostly  of  fir.  but  some  cedar.  Most  of  the  product  is 
shipped  to  eastern  markets,  such  as  Minneapolis,  Chicago  and  others. 

Air.  Pitcher's  ancestors  were  of  English  stock,  and  his  parents,  Peter 
and  Susana  (Pettit)  Pitcher,  were  both  born  in  Canada.  They  were  farmers 
by  occupation  and  spent  their  entire  lives  in  Canada,  being  faithful  adherents 
of  the  Methodist  church.  The  elder  Mr.  Pitcher  died  when  in  his  sixty- 
second  year,  in  1882,  but  his  wife  survived  him  many  years  and  passed 
away  in  1902,  aged  eighty-five  years.  They  were  the  parents  of  thirteen 
children,  and  ten  of  them  are  still  living. 

Hamilton  Pitcher  is  the  only  member  of  the  family  in  Washington. 
He  was  born  near  Hamilton,  Canada,  on  the  18th  of  March.  1849,  was 
reared  on  his  father's  farm  and  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools 
of  the  neighborhood.  His  coming  to  Lewis  county  dates  in  1889,  and  his 
first  location  was  on  the  south  fork  of  the  Newaukon  river,  where  he  pur- 
chased a  farm  and  conducted  it  for  a  few  years.  Selling  his  land  he  bought 
a  mill  on  the  Chehalis  river,  and  secured  a  contract  to  saw  the  plank  for 
the  county  road;  as  he  sawed  the  plank  he  moved  his  mill  along  the  river 
farther  away  from  Chehalis.  His  now  thoroughly  equipped  mill  is  a  reliable 
source  of  profit  to  him,  and  he  is  accounted  one  of  the  leading  and  progres- 
sive business  men  of  the  county. 

In  January,  1903,  Mr.  Pitcher  bought  another  mill  plant  with  twenty- 
five  million  feet  of  fine  timber.  This  mill  has  a  capacity  of  sixty  thousand 
feet  per  day;  has  one  and  a  half  miles  of  railroad,  with  logging  locomotive 
and  switching  locomotive.  The  plant  and  timber  are  worth  fifty  thousand 
dollars.  He  also  owns  ten  million  feet  of  timber  west  of  Napavine  and  still 
has  the  same  quantity  at  the  old  mill.  Every  wheel  is  rolling  and  the  in- 
dustry thrives  under  Mr.  Pitcher's  able  management.  1  le  has  recently  added 
two  hundred  acres  to  his  real  estate  holdings  in  Washington,  and  carries  a 
stock  of  about  two  million  feet  of  lumber  in  his  yards. 

In  1876  Mr.  Pitcher  was  married  to  Miss  Ellen  Wymcr,  a  native  of 
Canada,  and  her  parents  were  also  born  there.  They  have  one  daughter, 
Susana  Catharine.  Mr.  Pitcher  has  his  residence  near  his  mill  and  also  owns 
one  hundred  and  sixty  acres  of  timber  on  the  south  fork.  He  is  a  member 
of  the  Republican  party,  has  the  religious  views  of  the  Methodist  church  and 
is  a  very  substantial  citizen  of  the  county. 



Among  the  successful  and  prominent  business  men  of  Pierce  county  is 
Alvah  B.  Howe,  president  of  the  Pioneer  Bindery  &  Printing  Company  of 
Tacoma.  This  company  was  incorporated  by  Mrs.  Phebe  A.  Howe  and 
her  three  sons,  and  the  present  officers  are:  Alvah  B.  Howe,  president; 
Mortimer  Howe,  vice  president,  and  William  Howe,  secretary.  The  mother 
is  a  native  of  Cayuga  county,  New  York,  and  as  early  as  1877  she  came 
to  the  Pacific  coast,  where  in  a  small  way  she  engaged  in  the  book-binding 
and  printing  business  in  Walla  Walla,  Washington.  After  nine  years  spent 
in  that  city  she  removed  in  1887  to  Tacoma  and  resumed  her  former  occu- 
pation, and  in  1889,  with  her  three  sons  as  stockholders,  incorporated  the 
Pioneer  Bindery  and  Printing  Company.  The  sons  were  all  trained  to  this 
business  from  early  life,  thus  being  thoroughly  familiar  with  every  detail 
connected  therewith,  and  they  now  manufacture  all  kinds  of  blank  books, 
hank,  county  and  office  supplies  and  do  a  general  job  printing  business. 
Their  close  attention  to  business  and  honorable  methods  have  won  for  them 
a  large  and  profitable  patronage,  their  trade  now  extending  over  the  entire 
northwest  and  into  Alaska,  and  they  have  all  the  machinery  and  appliances 
necessary  for  the  highest  grade  of  work,  and  are  justly  deserving  of  the 
extensive  patronage  which  they  are  now  enjoying. 

The  Howe  brothers  were  all  born  in  Cayuga  county,  New  York,  and 
the  date  of  our  subject's  birth  was  the  8th  of  March,  1872.  All  received  their 
educations  in  the  public  schools  of  Walla  Walla  and  Tacoma,  Washington, 
and  as  stated  above  have  become  thoroughly  acquainted  with  every  detail  con- 
nected with  the  printing  and  binding  business.  Mrs.  Howe  is  entitled  to 
the  highest  credit  for  the  founding  and  subsequent  growth  of  this  business, 
and  also  for  the  training  of  such  a  trio  of  accomplished  young  business  men. 
Alvah  B.  Howe  was  married  in  1893,  Miss  Marion  Courtenay  becoming  his 
wife,  and  one  little  daughter  has  been  born  to  brighten  and  bless  their  home, 
Marion  C.  The  three  brothers  give  their  political  support  to  the  Repub- 
lican party,  and  in  his  fraternal  relations  our  subject  is  a  member  of  the 
Masonic  order,  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks  and  the  Knights 
of  Pythias.  They  are  numbered  among  the  leading  and  substantial  business 
men  of  Pierce  county,  and  have  earned  and  retained  the  confidence  and  es- 
teem of  a  wide  circle  of  acquaintances. 


Morris  Gross,  the  pioneer  dry-goods  merchant  of  Tacoma,  has  been 
engaged  in  business  operations  here  since  1879,  and  is  now  numbered  among 
the  leading  merchants  of  the  city.  He  is  a  native  of  Russian  Poland,  born 
on  the  19th  of  February,  1859,  his  parents  being  Aaron  and  Salata  (Moses) 
Gross,  both  also  natives  of  Poland,  born  in  Rypin  city,  which  was  also 
the  birthplace  of  our  subject.  He  received  but  a  limited  education  in  the 
Hebrew  schools  of  his  native  city,  and  in  the  land  of  his  birth  learned  the 
tailor's  trade.  When  twenty  years  of  age  he  came  direct  to  Tacoma,  Wash- 
ington, which  at  that  time  contained  about  three  hundred  inhabitants,  and, 


having  no  knowledge  of  the  language  spoken  in  this  country,  he  was  obliged 
to  attend  night  school  to  learn  the  English  language.  In  1879,  in  company 
with  his  brother,  he  began  business  operations  in  a  small  way  at  his  present 
location,  the  first  year  his  sales  amounting  to  only  about  nine  thousand  dol- 
lars, while  the  second  year  they  reached  fifteen  thousand  dollars,  and  by 
their  indefatigable  industry  and  close  attention  to  business  the  business  con- 
tinued to  increase  from  year  to  year  until  in  1891  the  sales  amounted  to  four 
hundred  and  sixty  thousand  dollars.  Prior  to  the  disastrous  panic  of  1893 
the  brothers  had  erected  a  large  block  on  the  corner  of  Ninth  and  C  streets, 
at  a  cost  of  one  hundred  and  sixty  thousand  dollars,  and  after  this  terrible 
financial  storm  had  passed  they  were  obliged  to  sell  the  structure  for  forty- 
nine  thousand  dollars.  Mr.  Gross,  however,  managed  to  pass  through  the 
panic  safely,  and  in  1895  resumed  business  at  his  old  location,  where  he 
has  met  with  a  high  and  well  merited  degree  of  success.  Fie  now  carries  a 
very  large  and  well  selected  stock  of  everything  to  be  found  in  a  first-class 
dry-goods  establishment.  His  store  building  is  located  at  906-908-909-910 
Pacific  avenue,  in  the  very  heart  of  the  business  center,  and  has  a  frontage 
of  eighty  feet.  This  is  an  exceedingly  well  kept  and  up-to-date  establish- 
ment in  every  particular,  and  its  owner  not  only  enjoys  an  extensive  patron- 
age, but  has  also  gained  and  retained  the  confidence  of  the  business  population 
of  the  city  in  which  he  has  so  long  been  an  important  factor. 

The  marriage  of  Mr.  Gross  was  celebrated  in  1894,  when  Miss  Mollie 
Bush  became  his  wife.  She  is  a  native  of  New  York  city  and  a  daughter 
of  Henry  Bush,  a  well  known  merchant  of  that  city.  This  union  has  been 
blessed  with  one  son  and  one  daughter,  both  born  in  Tacoma,  Amy  and 
Henry  Arthur.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Gross  are  adherents  of  the  Hebrew  faith, 
but  are  very  liberal  in  their  views.  In  political  matters  he  is  identified  with 
Republican  principles,  while  fraternally  he  is  a  Thirty-second  degree  Scottish 
Rite  Mason  and  a  Shriner,  having  received  the  sublime  degree  of  a  Master 
Mason  in  Tacoma  Lodge  No.  22,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.  He  is  also  a  member 
of  the  Knights  of  Pythias  fraternity,  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order 
of  Elks  and  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen.  Public-spirited  and 
progressive  in  all  his  ideas,  he  lends  his  influence  to  all  measures  which  he 
believes  useful  to  the  majority,  and  always  plays  the  part  of  an  earnest  and 
patriotic  citizen. 


Robert  Gray  Hudson,  one  of  the  prominent  members  of  the  bar  of 
Washington,  maintains  his  residence  at  Tacoma,  where  he  has  been  actively 
engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profession  for  eleven  years.  He  is  a  native  of 
Louisville,  Mississippi,  born  on  the  23d  of  June,  1848,  is  of  German  descent, 
and  his  ancestors  settled  in  South  Carolina  soon  after  the  close  of  the  Revo- 
lutionary war.  His  grandfather,  James  Hudson,  was  born  in  that  state,  was 
a  planter  by  occupation  and  was  a  valued  member  of  the  Baptist  church. 
He  married  Miss  Mary  Spencer,  also  a  native  of  Mississippi,  and  he  was 
called  to  his  final  rest  at  the  early  age  of  thirty-two  years,  but  his  wife 
attained  the  good  old  age  of  ninety  years.     Robert  Spencer  Hudson,  a  son 


of  this  worthy  couple  and  the  father  of  our  subject,  was  born  in  the  Edgfield 
district  of  South  Carolina  in  1820,  was  educated  for  the  practice  of  law  and 
began  his  professional  career  in  Louisville,  Mississippi.  He  soon  rose  to 
prominence  in  his  chosen  profession,  and  his  ability  and  earnest  labor  won 
for  him  a  large  fortune,  enabling  him  to  take  up  his  residence  on  his  own 
plantation  about  twenty  miles  from  Louisville,  where  he  gave  his  aid  only 
to  important  cases  until  1858,  and  in  that  year  was  made  district  attorney. 
In  i860  Mr.  Hudson  removed  to  Yazoo  county,  Mississippi,  where  he  pur- 
chased a  large  plantation,  and  in  the  following  year  became  circuit  judge, 
holding  that  important  position  until  after  the  close  of  the  Civil  war.  He 
was  a  heavy  loser  as  the  result  of  this  terrible  conflict,  having  been  the 
owner  of  many  slaves,  and  after  the  close  of  the  struggle  he  resumed  his 
law  practice  at  Yazoo  City.  He  was  elected  a  member  of  the  first  state  con- 
vention after  the  war,  and  was  made  a  member  of  the  state  legislature  in 
1876,  also  continuing  his  law  practice  until  his  life's  labors  were  ended  in 
death,  when  he  bad  reached  the  sixty-ninth  milestone  on  the  journey  of  life. 
For  his  wife  Mr.  Hudson  chose  Miss  Nancy  Alvira  Gray,  a  native  of  South 
Carolina,  where  she  was  born  in  the  Abbyville  district,  of  old  English  an- 
cestry, who  had  settled  in  the  south  just  after  the  Revolution.  She  was 
the  daughter  of  Frederick  Gray,  a  native  of  South  Carolina  and  a  prominent 
and  well  known  planter  of  that  state.  By  her  marriage  Mrs.  Hudson  became 
the  mother  of  eight  children,  seven  of  whom  are  now  living,  and  all  reside 
in  the  state  of  Mississippi  with  the  exception  of  the  subject  of  this  review. 

Robert  Gray  Hudson  received  his  education  in  the  University  of  Missis- 
sippi, at  Oxford,  where  he  was  graduated  with  the  degree  of  A.  B.  in  1872. 
Soon  after  his  graduation  he  began  reading  law  with  his  father,  and  was 
admitted  to  practice  in  1875,  the  father  and  the  son  continuing  practice 
together  until  the  former's  retirement  in  1887,  after  which  the  latter  con- 
tinued in  business  with  Robert  S.  Holt,  his  present  partner,  until  1891,  at 
Yazoo  City.  In  that  year  he  came  to  Tacoma,  Washington,  and  joined  his 
partner,  Mr.  Holt,  who  had  preceded  him  to  Tacoma,  in  the  law  practice, 
in  which  he  has  met  with  a  high  degree  of  success,  having  a  large  corpora- 
tion clientage.  In  political  matters  he  had  given  his  support  to  the  Democ- 
racy until  1896,  but  in  the  presidential  election  of  that  year  cast  his  first 
Republican  vote  and  has  since  continued  to  uphold  the  principles  of  that  party. 
He  is  at  the  present  time  president  of  the  Washington  State  Bar  Associa- 
tion, with  which  he  has  been  connected  for  seven  years.  In  1890  Mr.  Hud- 
son was  elected  one  of  the  seven  delegates  at  large  from  the  state  of  Missis- 
sippi to  the  constitutional  convention  of  that  state,  held  in  said  year,  and 
was  a  member  of  the  committees  on  franchise,  corporations  and  declaration 
of  rights. 

The  marriage  of  Mr.  Hudson  was  celebrated  in  1878,  when  Miss  Nannie 
Hill  became  his  wife.  She  is  the  daughter  of  A.  P.  Hill,  of  Canton,  Missis- 
sippi, and  a  prominent  lawyer  of  that  state.  Three  children  have  been  born 
to  this  union,  Nancy  Elvira,  Albert  P.  N.  and  Robert  S.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Hudson  are  members  of  the  Methodist  church,  in  which  be  is  serving  as  a 
treasurer  and  as  a  member  of  the  official  board. 



Ambrose  James  Russell,  one  of  the  leading  architects  of  Tacoma,  is  a 
native  of  the  East  Indies,  where  his  birth  occurred  on  the  15th  of  October, 
1857,  and  he  is  of  Scotch  ancestry.  He  is  a  son  of  the  Rev.  James  and 
Rhoda  L.  (Foss)  Russell,  the  latter  of  whom  was  a  descendant  of  a  New 
South  Wales  family,  while  the  former  was  born  in  Glasgow,  Scotland,  and 
was  connected  with  the  London  Missionary  Society,  being  a  member  of  the 
Congregational  church,  or  what  was  called  in  Scotland  a  Covenanter.  For 
the  long  period  of  twenty-two  years  he  was  engaged. in  missionary  work  in 
the  southern  part  of  the  East  Indies,  but  later  in  life  returned  to  Scotland 
and  located  on  an  estate  left  him  by  his  father,  where  he  spent  the  remainder 
of  his  days,  attaining  the  good  old  age  of  eighty-six  years.  His  wife  passed 
away  in  death  while  residing  in  the  East  Indies.  Their  union  was  blessed 
with  two  children,  a  son  and  a  daughter,  and  the  latter  is  now  Mrs.  Rhoda 
J.  Murray  and  resides  in  Wales. 

Ambrose  J.  Russell,  the  only  son  of  this  family,  received  his  early  edu- 
cation in  the  high  school  of  Glasgow,  which  was  later  supplemented  by  a 
course  in  the  University  of  Glasgow,  and  his  architectural  training  was  re- 
ceived in  the  Academy  of  Fine  Arts,  at  Paris,  France.  Leaving  that  institu- 
tion in  January,  1884,  he  came  to  the  United  States,  and  in  the  following 
March  became  a  resident  of  Boston,  Massachusetts,  spending  one  year  in  the 
office  of  the  famous  architect,  H.  H.  Richardson,  the  designer  of  Trinity 
church,  a  part  of  the  state  capital  at  Albany,  New  York,  and  the  Allegheny 
county  buildings  at  Pittsburg.  Subsequently  Mr.  Russell  pursued  his  pro- 
fession in  Worcester,  Massachusetts,  with  a  gentleman  whom  he  had  known 
in  Paris,  but  after  one  year  there  decided  to  come  to  the  west,  and  accord- 
ingly took  up  his  abode  in  Kansas  City,  Missouri,  following  his  profession 
in  that  city  and  St.  Louis.  In  1892  he  came  to  Tacoma,  Washington,  and 
has  since  been  actively  engaged  in  architectural  work  in  this  city,  spending 
the  first  year  as  draughtsman  for  the  Cottage  Home  Building  Company, 
after  which  he  formed  a  partnership  with  Albert  Sutton,  and  after  severing 
that  connection  carried  on  operations  alone  until  the  15th  of  April,  1901. 
At  that  date  he  entered  into  business  relations  with  F.  H.  Heath,  and  they 
are  now  engaged  in  general  architectural  work.  Mr.  Russell  has  the  honor 
of  having  been  elected  the  first  president  of  the  Ferry  Museum,  serving  in 
that  capacity  for  three  years,  and  is  now  its  vice  president. 

Mr.  Russell  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Loella  Sargent,  a  native  of 
Iowa  and  of  Scotch  ancestry.  They  have  two  children,  Janet  Nichol  and 
Margaret  McDonald.  The  family  reside  in  one  of  the  attractive  homes  of 
Tacoma,  located  on  the  corner  of  North  Fourth  and  M  streets.  They  are 
members  of  the  Episcopal  church,  and  in  his  fraternal  relations  he  is  a 
member  of  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks.  He  is  independent 
in  his  political  views,  preferring  to  vote  for  the  men  whom  he  regards  as 
best  qualified  to  fill  positions  of  honor  and  trust,  and  in  the  business  circles 
of  Tacoma  he  occupies  a  prominent  place. 



One  of  the  largest  and  most  important  institutions  of  the  flourishing 
city  of  Tacoma  is  the  Pacific  Malting  and  Brewing  Company,  which  pays 
out  thousands  of  dollars  annually  to  its  employes  and  has  taken  rank  among 
the  large  concerns  which  have  been  built  up  on  that  wonderful  land-locked 
sea  known  as  Puget  Sound.  But  so  closely  is  this  enterprise  identified  with 
its  president  and  principal  owner,  Anton  Hutb,  that  the  history  of  both  must 
be  detailed  together.  Anton  Huth  was  born  in  Hesse-Darmstadt,  near  Frank- 
fort on  the  Main,  Germany,  in  1854,  and  was  the  son  of  Phillip  and  Gertrude 
(Rudolph)  Huth,  the  former  of  whom  was  a  farmer  and  was  killed  in  the 
early  part  of  the  Franco-Prussian  war.  Anton  learned  the  trade  of  brewer 
and  maltster,  obtaining  both  a  technical  and  practical  knowledge  of  the  busi- 
ness in  the  home  of  the  beer-making  industry. 

In  the  fall  of  1S71,  shortly  after  the  death  of  the  father  of  the  family, 
he  came  with  bis  mother  and  the  rest  of  the  household  to  America,  where 
they  thought  they  could  better  their  condition.  They  located  in  Louisville, 
Kentucky,  and  although  Anton  was  only  eighteen  years  old  he  secured  a  good 
position  in  a  brewery  there.  He  lived  there  fourteen  years  and  then  he  and 
his  mother  removed  to  Portland,  Oregon,  where  he  became  a  foreman  in  one 
of  the  leading  breweries.  But  he  held  this  place  about  two  years  and  then 
went  to  Vancouver,  Washington,  and  became  a  partner  in  the  Star  Brewery 
at  that  place.  While  he  was  living  there  his  mother  died.  In  1888  he  came 
to  Tacoma,  and  in  partnership  with  Mr.  Scholl  established  a  brewery,  which 
was  the  beginning  of  the  present  large  establishment.  They  had  been  in  busi- 
ness but  a  short  time  when  Mr.  Huth  and  Mr.  Virges  bought  out  his  partner, 
and  then  incorporated  the  business  as  the  Pacific  Brewing  and  Malting  Com- 
pany, of  which  Mr.  Huth  is  the  principal  stockholder  and  president,  and 
William  Virges  is  treasurer  and  secretary. 

This  is  in  brief  the  history  of  the  establishment  of  this  great  brewery, 
but,  as  Mr.  Huth  says,  it  is  the  work  of  a  lifetime  to  build  up  a  brewery  to 
what  it  should  be,  and,  although  a  half  a  million  dollars  has  been  expended 
on  the  plant  since  its  modest  beginning  in  1888,  the  work  is  practically  only 
begun.  The  plant  has  a  favorable  situation  from  the  standpoint  of  shipping 
facilities,  at  Jefferson  avenue  and  Twenty-fifth  street,  and  here  an  imposing 
group  of  brick  buildings  is  being  gradually  collected,  some  of  them  several 
stories  high  and  as  nearly  fireproof  as  they  can  be  made ;  two  or  three  are 
just  completed,  while  others  are  in  course  of  erection.  A  visitor  will  find  that 
the  manufacture  of  beer  has  been  brought  to  a  high  state  of  perfection  here, 
and  all  the  latest  machinery  and  devices  are  being  utilized.  The  company 
makes  its  own  malt  from  rich  barley,  and  the  most  scientific  methods  are  used 
for  germinating  and  drying  the  grain.  The  best  hops  are  used,  and  that  other 
important  element  in  beer-making,  pure  water,  is  obtained  from  a  well  which 
has  been  sunk  to  the  depth  of  two  hundred  feet,  the  supply  being  the  purest 
possible;  compressed  air  is  used  for  forcing  this  water  to  all  parts  of  the 
plant.  Cleanliness  is  a  watchword  in  this  brewery ;  everything  is  sterilized 
and  made  as  nearly  germ-proof  as  possible.  No  effort  is  spared  in  making 
perfect  the  entire  process,  from  the  mashing  and  boiling  on  the  top  floor 

-^<^_  ./^ 





of  the  brew  house,  through  the  stages  of  cooling,  fermenting,  cleansing,  rack- 
ing and  storing.  In  the  storage  cellars  is  row  after  row  of  enormous  storage 
tanks,  the  storage  capacity  being  over  twenty  thousand  barrels,  and  each  brew 
is  "  aged  "  from  five  to  six  months  before  being  barreled  or  bottled.  All  the 
vessels  are  of  the  very  best  material,  and  a  great  deal  of  money  has  been  spent 
on  the  machinery  for  the  boiler  house.  There  are  also  two  ice-making  ma- 
chines, one  of  a  capacity  of  fifty  and  the  other  of  sixty-five  tons.  The  man- 
agement of  this  concern  is  a  source  of  pride  to  the  owner,  for  it  has  never 
shut  down  because  of  hard  times,  and  during  the  panic  it  kept  on  running 
and  paying  full  wages  to  its  employes  when  many  other  industries  in  the 
city  were  paralyzed. 

One  of  the  trustees  of  the  Pacific  Malting  and  Brewing  Company  is 
Mrs.  Anton  Huth,  whose  maiden  name  was  Miss  Agnes  Miller,  and  who  was 
married  to  Mr.  Huth  in  Tacoma  in  1S91.  They  have  four  children,  An- 
toinette, Marie,  Carlton  and  Gertrude.  Mr.  Huth  is  a  prominent  citizen  of 
Tacoma,  is  a  member  of  the  Chamber  of  Commerce,  of  the  Elks  and  other 
societies,  and  besides  the  brewery  is  interested  in  the  Puget  Sound  Malting 
Company,  and  is  the  owner  of  the  Germania  Hall,  a  very  popular  place  for 
social  gatherings. 

HON.    MERTON    H.    COREY. 

The  Hon.  Merton  H.  Corey,  who  is  one  of  the  prominent  business  men 
of  Tacoma  and  a  leader  in  political  circles,  having  twice  represented  his 
district  in  the  state  legislature,  was  born  near  Forestville,  Chautauqua 
county.  New  York,  in  1869,  a  son  of  Henry  I.  and  Elizabeth  (Dunning) 
Corey,  who  now  reside  at  Forestville.  The  father  was  born  in  Brooklyn, 
New  York,  and  is  of  English  descent,  while  the  mother,  a  native  of  Roch- 
ester, New  York,  comes  of  Scotch  ancestry.  When  a  young  man  Henry  I. 
Corey  removed  to  Chautauqua  county  and  entered  upon  what  proved  a  very 
successful  business  career,  so  that  he  became  a  wealthy  and  prominent  citizen. 
He  owned  several  fine  farms  and  was  also  a  prominent  stockman  and  lum- 
berman, controlling  important  interests.  He  was  enterprising  and  progres- 
sive, and  was  in  every  way  a  potent  force  in  increasing  the  wealth  and  pros- 
perity of  his  county.  When  the  Civil  war  broke  out  he  enlisted  at 
Jamestown  as  a  private  in  the  One  Hundred  and  Twelfth  New  York  Volun- 
teer Regiment  and  served  throughout  the  period  of  hostilities,  mostly  in  Vir- 
ginia. He  participated  in  the  battles  of  Petersburg,  Cold  Harbor  and  many 
others,  being  continuously  in  active  service  of  an  arduous  nature,  yet  never 
faltering  in  the  faithful  and  loyal  performance  of  his  duty  as  a  defender  of 
the  old  flag. 

When  Merton  H.  Corey  was  seven  years  of  age  the  family  removed  to 
Forestville,  where  he  obtained  his  education,  being  graduated  in  the  Forest- 
ville Academy  in  1888.  During  his  youth  he  had  also  received  thorough 
business  training  through  connection  with  his  father's  extensive  business 
affairs,  which  he  helped  to  manage,  thus  acquiring  comprehensive  knowledge 
of  correct  business  methods.  He  might  have  continued  a  factor  in  the  con- 
trol of  his  father's  enterprises,  but  the  west  attracted  him  and  he  longed  to 


become  connected  with  the  more  enterprising  and  stirring  business  life  of 
this  section  of  the  country,  and  in  the  year  of  his  graduation,  1888,  he  made 
his  way  to  the  Pacific  coast,  locating  in  Tacoma.  Here  he  accepted  a  position 
with  the  Oakland  Loan  &  Trust  Company.  It  was  not  a  very  important  one, 
but  it  was  a  business  opening,  although  his  service  was  clerical  work,  for 
which  he  received  but  fifty  dollars  per  month.  His  close  application,  ability 
and  enterprise,  however,  soon  won  recognition  and  gained  his  promotion, 
and  in  the  fall  of  1889,  upon  the  organization  of  the  National  Bank  of  the 
Republic,  he  was  appointed  assistant  cashier,  in  which  capacity  he  served 
until  the  bank  was  dissolved  in  1893.  While  with  that  institution  he  also 
had  the  agency  for  a  number  of  fire  insurance  companies,  and  upon  his  re- 
tirement from  the  bank  he  combined  his  insurance  business  with  a  general 
real  estate,  loan  and  insurance  business,  to  which  he  has  since  continuously 
devoted  his  attention  with  good  results.  He  has  always  been  very  prominent 
and  successful  in  this  field  of  endeavor,  and  now  represents  very  important 
and  extensive  interests.  In  this  enterprise  he  is  associated  with  a  partner, 
William  M.  Kennedy,  under  the  firm  name  of  Corey  &  Kennedy,  with  offices 
at  Nos.  412-413  Fidelity  building,  Tacoma.  Mr.  Corey  is  also  interested 
in  various  other  business  enterprises  and  projects,  and,  as  he  has  a  talent  for 
planning  and  executing  the  right  thing  at  the  right  time,  he  is  a  valued  ad- 
dition to  the  business  circles  of  Tacoma. 

The  sterling  qualities  of  Mr.  Corey  and  his  fitness  for  leadership  in 
public  affairs  affecting  the  welfare  of  the  commonwealth  made  him  the  choice 
of  the  people  as  their  representative  from  the  thirty-sixth  district  in  the 
general  assembly.  He  was  elected  upon  the  Republican  ticket  of  Pierce 
county,  and  served  so  capably  during  his  term  of  office  that  he  was  re- 
elected in  1900.  During  both  sessions  he  was  a  member  of  several  com- 
mittees, but  did  his  must  important  work  as  a  member  of  the  committee  on 
insurance.  During  his  second  term  he  was  the  chairman  of  the  insurance 
committee,  and  devoted  most  of  his  time  and  attention  to  the  duties  of  that 
position,  which  he  discharged  most  satisfactorily  to  his  constituents  and  the 
state  at  large. 

In  1889,  in  Tacoma,  Mr.  Corey  married  Miss  Anna  P.  Wheelock,  also 
a  native  of  Chautauqua  county,  New  York,  and  they  are  now  the  parents 
of  four  children,  Lester  M.,  Ruth  A.,  Hazel  and  Esther  P.  Their  home  is 
at  304  South  Twenty-ninth  street.  Such  in  brief  is  the  life  history  of  Mr. 
Corey.  In  whatever  relation  of  life  we  find  him — in  the  government  service, 
in  political  circles,  on  business  or  in  social  relations — he  is  always  the  same 
honorable  and  honored  gentleman,  whose  worth  well  merits  the  high  regard 
which  is  uniformly  given  him. 


Thomas  Chalmers  Flemming  is  a  gentleman  of  considerable  influence 
in  Everett  and  Snohomish  county,  and  is  one  who  exercises  his  power  for 
the  general  welfare.  He  is  thus  classed  among  the  representative  men  of 
the  northwest,  and  because  of  his  genuine  worth  and  fidelity  to  principle 
he  well  deserves  mention  among  the  leading  citizens  of  this  locality.     Mr. 


Flemming  is  of  Irish  birth,  having  been  born  in  the  city  of  Dublin,  Ireland,  on 
the  30th  of  January,  1856.  He  is  a  son  of  William  Flemming,  a  native  of 
Scotland,  and  was  a  contractor  and  millwright.  He  followed  that  pursuit 
in  the  Emerald  Isle  to  some  extent,  and  there  died  in  1856  at  the  age  of 
forty-eight  years.  His  wife  bore  the  maiden  name  of  Euphemia  Chalmers, 
and  was  born  in  Fifeshire,  Scotland.  Following  her  husband's  death  she 
determined  to  come  to  the  United  States,  and  crossing  the  Atlantic  took  up 
her  abode  in  Holyoke,  Massachusetts,  where  she  spent  her  remaining  days, 
her  death  occurring  in  1902,  when  she  had  reached  the  age  of  seventy-two 
years.  She  was  the  mother  of  six  sons  and  a  daughter:  John;  William; 
James;  Charles;  Robert,  who  is  now  deceased;  and  Marguerite. 

Thomas  Chalmers,  the  youngest  member  of  the  family,  was  only  six 
months  old  at  the  time  of  his  mother's  emigration  to  the  new  world.  His 
boyhood  days  were  spent  in  Holyoke,  Massachusetts,  and  at  the  usual  age  he 
entered  the  public  schools,  continuing  his  studies  until  he  had  pursued  his 
high  school  course.  At  the  age  of  sixteen  he  left  school  and  began  learning 
the  trade  of  paper  manufacturing.  After  two  years  spent  in  that  way  he 
came  to  the  Pacific  coast,  making  his  way  to  San  Francisco  by  way  of  the 
Isthmus  route.  He  arrived  at  his  destination  in  March,  1875,  and  was 
there  connected  with  the  business  of  manufacturing  paper  until  1876.  That 
year  witnessed  his  removal  to  Portland,  Oregon,  and  he  established  the  first 
paper  mill  on  the  northern  Pacific  coast.  The  new  enterprise  prospered, 
and  he  continued  in  business  in  Portland  until  1880,  when  he  removed  to 
LaCamas,  Washington,  where  he  established  a  paper  mill  for  H.  L.  Pettitt, 
continuing  its  operation  until  1882.  In  that  year  Mr.  Flemming  went  to 
Taylorville,  California,  as  superintendent  of  a  paper  mill,  which  he  continued 
to  operate  until  1892,  when  he  removed  to  Lowell,  Washington.  There  he 
was  employed  as  a  paper-maker  for  the  Everett  Paper  &  Pulp  Company 
until  1S95,  when  he  went  to  Albernia.  British  Columbia.  He  was  also  a 
pioneer  in  the  paper  manufacturing  business  in  that  country,  establishing  the  ' 
first  plant  for  making  paper  in  British  Columbia.  He  continued  there  until 
the  mill  was  closed  down,  after  which  he  returned  to  Everett  and  again 
entered  the  employ  of  the  Everett  Paper  &  Pulp  Company,  where  he  was 
until  1899.  The  following  year  he  entered  upon  the  duties  of  the  office  of 
county  commissioner,  for  a  term  of  four  years,  so  that  he  is  the  present 
incumbent.  He  is  now  chairman  of  the  board,  and  has  done  much  to  im- 
prove the  condition  of  public  and  county  roads.  He  is  a  most  progressive 
citizen,  interested  in  the  welfare  of  his  adopted  county,  and  his  efforts  have 
been  beneficial  and  far-reaching.  Matters  concerning  the  political  condition 
of  the  country  are  of  interest  to  him  as  they  should  be  to  everv  true  Ameri- 
can citizen.  He  has  studied  closely  the  questions  of  the  day,  and  gives  to 
the  Republican  party  his  earnest  support. 

On  the  4th  of  December.  1880.  Mr.  Flemming  was  united  in  marriage 
at  Eagle  Creek,  Oregon,  to  Miss  Sarah  Brackett,  a  native  of  Oregon  and 
a  daughter  of  H.  H.  Brackett.  one  of  the  honored  pioneer  settlers  of  that 
state.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Flemming  now  have  three  children:  Marguerite,  who 
was  born  in  Oregon  City;  Lottie,  whose  birth  occurred  in  LaCamas,  Wash- 
ington;   and    Agnes,    who    was    born    in    Taylorville,    California.     He    is    a 


worthy  representative  of  that  class  of  citizens  who  lead  quiet,   industrious, 
honest  and  useful  lives  and  constitute  the  best  portion  of  the  community. 


Captain  Robinson  is  a  man  of  the  world;  his  span  of  life  covers  more 
than  the  period  allotted  by  the  psalmist,  and  in  this  time  he  has  seen  nearly 
every  section  of  the  United  States ;  has  earned  an  excellent  record  as  a  sol- 
dier, and  has  been  successful  in  the  material  affairs  of  life.  He  is  one  whom 
men  delight  to  honor,  and  he  is  accounted  one  of  the  respected  citizens  of 
Centralia,  where  he  has  resided  since  1889.  The  Scotch  forebears  of  this 
gentleman  were  early  settlers  of  America,  and  grandfather  Colonel  Ezekiel 
Robinson  was  one  of  the  first  settlers  to  come  to  the  vicinity  of  Northfield, 
Vermont.  He  was  born  in  Providence,  Rhode  Island.  July  15,  1764.  He 
married  Dinah  Doubleday,  of  Palmer,  Massachusetts,  who  was  born  April 
28,  1764,  and  they  soon  thereafter  took  up  their  abode  in  the  wilderness  of 
Northfield.  Many  are  the  tales  of  this  pioneer  life  which  grandmother  Rob- 
inson used  to  relate  to  her  grandchildren,  how  she  rode  on  horseback  one 
hundred  and  fifty  miles  to  visit  her  old  home,  with  her  child  in  her  arms, 
with  food  in  saddle-bags,  much  of  the  way  lying  through  the  grim  and  lonely 
forest,  returning  without  harm  to  herself,  her  child  or  her  beast ;  how  two 
pet  bear  cubs  of  a  neighboring  settler  climbed  to  the  roof  of  her  home,  scram- 
bled down  the  rough  stick  chimney  and  crawled  into  bed  where  the  sleeping 
children  lay.  Such  were  some  of  the  events  that  gave  color  to  pioneer  life 
in  those  days  and  are  a  source  of  unending  interest  to  those  who  live  in  more 
modern  times.  Ezekiel  was  a  colonel  of  the  militia  and  fought  at  the  battle 
of  Plattsburg  in  the  war  of  1812.  He  and  his  wife  were  members  of  the 
Free-will  Baptist  church,  and  he  died  in   1834. 

His  son,  David  Robinson,  was  born  in  Northfield  February  7,  1799, 
followed  farming  and  manufacturing  and  spent  his  life  in  his  native  state. 
He  was  a  Baptist  and  was  a  member  of  the  Whig  party.  He  served  some 
time  in  the  state  legislature  and  was  a  member  of  the  convention  that  nomi- 
nated William  Henry  Harrison  for  the  presidency.  His  wife  was  Sarah 
Denny,  a  member  of  an  old  and  highly  respected  Vermont  family.  They 
had  ten  children,  but  two  of  them  are  living,  the  Captain  being  the  only  sur- 
vivor of  eight  sons:  Mrs.  Fllen  Junes,  of  Appleton,  Wisconsin,  is  the  other 
surviving  member.  Mr.  Robinson  died  in  1S41,  aged  forty-two,  his  wife 
surviving  him  and  passed  away  in  November,  1841).  in  her  forty-ninth  year. 

Martin  Robinson  was  born  in  Washington  county,  Vermont,  Septem- 
ber 18,  1831,  was  reared  on  his  father's  farm  and  was  educated  in  the  dis- 
trict schools  and  academies  of  his  native  state.  He  began  earning  his  liveli- 
hood by  teaching  school,  and  was  only  called  from  these  duties  by  the 
breaking  out  of  the  Civil  war.  More  than  once  dining  his  experience  as 
teacher  when  he  was  a  beardless  youth,  the  "big  boys"  menaced  him  and 
threatened  to  "put  him  out."  as  was  not  unfrequently  the  manner  of  treating 
district  school  teachers  in  those  days;  but  young  Robinson  was  not  to  be 
handled  in  that  way  easily.  The  light  in  him  was  such  a  manifest  quality 
and  quantity  that  no  combine  in  school  dared  lay  hands  on  him;  the  result 
was  the  big  boys  always  came  to  be  his  staunch  friends. 


At  the  call  of  Father  Abraham  for  three  hundred  thousand  more,  his 
school  closed  and  he  enlisted  in  Company  D,  Seventh  Minnesota  Volunteers ; 
his  first  service  being  against  the  Indians  in  Dakota  under  General  II.  II. 
Sibley,  his  post  being  Fort  Abercrombie,  North  Dakota.  He  was  chosen 
first  sergeant  of  his  company  at  its  organization,  and  after  this  campaign 
with  the  Indians  he  was  ordered  to  St.  Louis.  Missouri,  where  he  was  pro- 
moted to  be  second  lieutenant  and  was  transferred  to  Company  D,  Sixty- 
second  United  States  Colored  Infantry.  The  company  soon  proceeded  to 
New  Orleans,  where  it  was  stationed  several  months,  and  was  then  sent  to 
Brazos  Santiago,  Texas.  Here  Mr.  Robinson  was  made  first  lieutenant  and 
was  transferred  to  Company  I,  was  detailed  for  special  service  and  had  com- 
mand of  a  detachment  of  the  First  Texas  Cavalry,  and  was  also  appointed 
aide  on  the  staff  of  General  B.  B.  Brown.  Marching  from  Brazos  Santiago 
to  Brownville,  they  had  the  honor  of  fighting  the  last  battle  of  the  war. 
Peace  had  been  declared  but  the  news  had  not  reached  them;  they  were  re- 
pulsed in  the  engagement,  and  Captain  Robinson  remarks  the  historical 
coincidence  that  the  Union  forces  were  defeated  in  the  first  and  Inst  battles 
of  the  war. 

After  the  war  he  was  on  special  duty  as  provost  marshal  of  the  parish 
of  West  Feliciana,  Louisiana,  and  he  served  a  term  as  superintendent  of 
freedmen.  While  there  he  made  the  acquaintance  of  several  southern  gen- 
tlemen, and  after  his  term  of  service  expired  he  entered  into  an  arrangement 
with  two  of  them  to  try  the  experiment  of  raising  cotton  with  white  labor. 
He  went  north  and  procured  the  men  and  was  the  first  to  make  the  attempt, 
but  he  was  only  partially  successful,  and  after  a  year  abandoned  the  project. 
Returning  north  to  Rockford,  Illinois,  and  after  visiting  a  sister  there,  he 
decided  to  enter  Oberlin  College  and  study  theology,  with  a  view  to  making 
the  ministry  a  profession.  He  was  married  about  this  time,  and  after  study- 
ig  for  two  terms  gave  up  his  former  intention  and  settled  on  a  farm  near 
Milwaukee,  Wisconsin,  with  the  hope  that  he  could  here  regain  bis  impaired 
health.  He  organized  a  milk  dairy  and  supplied  milk  to  the  city.  For  five 
years  through  summer  and  winter,  rain  and  sun.  he  delivered  milk  once  and. 
sometimes,  twice  a  day,  Sundays  not  excepted,  and  his  gilded  milk  wagon 
driven  by  a  pair  of  fine  horses  was  a  regular  and  familiar  sight  in  the  streets 
of  the  city.  He  met  with  decided  success  in  this  enterprise  and,  best  of  all. 
measurably  recovered  his  health.  He  next  moved  to  Farmington,  Min- 
nesota, where  in  1877  he  engaged  in  a  general  merchandise  business  and 
continued  three  years.  In  1882  he  moved  into  the  valley  of  the  Sheyenne, 
North  Dakota,  where  he  became  one  of  the  founders  of  the  town  of  Mardell. 
For  three  years  he  kept  the  hotel  there  and  was  the  postmaster  of  the  town. 
Returning  to  Minnesota,  he  conducted  a  boarding  house  in  St.  Paul  for  three 
years  and  then  went  to  Tower  City,  North  Dakota,  where  for  two  years  he 
was  proprietor  of  the  Park  hotel.  The  year  1889  is  the  date  of  his  coming 
to  Centralia,  and  here  he  furnished  and  conducted  the  new  and  line  Park 
hotel  for  five  years  and  made  it  the  mosl  popular  house  between  Portland 
and  the  Sound.  In  1894  he  sold  out,  and,  retiring  to  his  small  farm  of 
twenty-five  acres,  he  now  gives  hi-  time,  chiefly,  to  raising  fruit  and  blooded 
stock,  where  he  finds  plenty  of  recreation  and  qi  ifort,  which  he  cer- 

tainly richly  deserves  as  a  fitting  secmel  to  his  long  and  useful  life. 


One  day,  about  the  close  of  the  war,  there  came  a  pleasant  surprise  to 
him.  It  was  in  the  form  of  a  brevet  captainship,  for  gallant  and  meritorious 
services  during  the  war.  He  married  Miss  Adelia  M.  Moore,  of  Adrian, 
Michigan,  a  most  worthy  and  popular  young  woman,  the  daughter  of  Alonzo 
Moore.  Two  daughters  and  a  son  were  born  to  them.  Their  only  living 
child,  Anne  Cumings  Robinson,  resides  with  them,  and  their  home  life  is 
delightful.  The  Captain  insists  that  bis  successes  in  life  are  largely  due  to 
the  arts  and  industries  and  loyalty  of  bis  wife,  who  is  a  woman  beloved  by 
all  who  know  her,  and  whose  home  is  a  model  of  neatness  and  convenience, 
where  kindred  and  friends  find  royal  entertainment.  Though  notably  non- 
sectarian,  the  family  are  all  Congregationalists.  The  Captain  is  a  staunch 
Republican  and  is  commander  of  T.  P.  Price  Post  No.  82,  G.  A.  R. 

While  now  in  his  seventy-second  yoar  he  retains  in  a  remarkable  degree 
bis  youthful  and  vivacious  character,  and  is  one  of  those  sunny  veterans  of 
the  Civil  war  whose  ranks  have  been  decimated  by  the  hurrying  steps  of 
time,  and  who  still  remind  men  of  the  greatest  struggle  for  human  liberty 
the  world  has  ever  known. 


As  one  views  the  mighty  machine  of  steel  drawing  the  moving  palaces 
which  are  the  finest  product  of  the  railroad  builder's  art  and  speeding  swiftly 
across  the  vast  prairies  of  the  west,  it  is  almost  impossible  to  conceive  a  pic- 
ture of  its  predecessor  of  the  middle  of  the  past  century,  the  "  prairie  schooner." 
When  the  impatient  traveler  of  to-day  chafes  at  what  he  thinks  the  slow  prog- 
ress of  his  limited  express  he  might  derive  considerable  comfort  from  the 
calling  to  mind  of  that  awkward  covered  wagon,  as  it  is  drawn  by  the  patient 
oxen  or  horses  across  the  plains  that  were  often  the  haunts  of  the  wild  beast 
or  the  more  cruel  Indian.  But  all  honor  is  due  that  pioneer  vehicle,  for  it 
carried  the  men  who  blazed  the  way  for  the  march  of  the  grand  twentieth 
century's  civilization,  ami  men  who  have  made  the  wild  west  one  of  the  most 
productive  countries  of  the  world.  Hon.  George  B.  Kandle  has  especial 
reason  to  be  proud  of  this  early  means  of  transportation,  for  although  he 
was  not  born  in  one  of  these  "  schooners,"  he  was  still  in  bis  swaddling  clothes 
as  he  came  across  the  prairies  to  his  new  home  in  the  west. 

His  father  was  Henry  Kandle.  and  bis  mother's  maiden  name  was  Mar- 
garet Hill.  The  former  was  born  in  Salem,  New  Jersey,  and  moved  to 
Indiana  at  a  very  early  day,  being,  in  fact,  one  of  the  pioneers  of  that  state. 
He  made  that  bis  home  until  the  fall  of  1S50,  when  he  arranged  with  a  num- 
ber of  others  to  make  the  long  trip  across  the  plains,  the  west  at  that  time 
being  the  Mecca  for  many  enterprising  and  adventurous  men.  The  band 
fust  made  for  a  point  011  the  Missouri  river  near  St.  Joseph,  and  remained 
there  during  the  winter.  In  the  following  sprint;  the  party  started  on  that 
long  pilgrimage,  over  the  rough  land  of  eastern  Kansas  until  the  gradual 
and  level  ascent  to  the  Rockies  was  reached,  then  on  through  all  the  varie- 
gated scenery  till  what  was  then  the  village  of  Portland,  Oregon,  came  in 
view,  where  they  passed  the  winter  of  1851-52;  and  early  the  next  year  they 
made  their  final  stage  of  the  journey  to  Washington.     Mr.  Kandle  lived  on 

'  r 


PUBLIC  library! 



farms  in  Thurston  and  Pierce  counties  except  for  the  last  few  years  of  his  life, 
which  he  passed  in  Tacoma.  He  died  October  12,  1892.  His  wife  was  born 
in  county  Down,  Ireland,  and  died  here  two  years  before  her  husband. 

It  was  while  the  company  of  emigrants  were  spending  the  winter  of 
185 1  near  St.  Joseph,  Missouri,  that  the  son  George  B.  was  born,  and  he 
was  in  his  mother's  arms  throughout  most  of  the  trip  to  this  state.  He  was 
reared  on  his  father's  farm,  but  at  the  age  of  nineteen  he  left  home  and  se- 
cured employment  in  a  drug  store  at  Steilacoom  and  later  in  a  general  mer- 
chandise store,  remaining  a  little  over  a  year.  At  that  time  the  firm  which 
employed  him  established  a  store  at  old  Tacoma  and  placed  young  Kandle 
in  charge.  In  November,  1872,  Mr.  Kandle  was  nominated  and  elected  coun- 
ty auditor,  which  office  he  filled  for  eight  years,  being  elected  four  successive 
times ;  his  last  term  expired  soon  after  the  county  seat  was  moved  from 
Steilacoom  to  Tacoma.  His  next  venture  was  real  estate  and  insurance  in 
Tacoma,  and  he  also  became  a  member  of  the  city  council.  In  1889  he  was 
elected  a  member  of  the  first  legislature  of  the  new  state  of  Washington, 
and  served  a  two-year  term,  at  the  same  time  carrying  on  his  real  estate  busi- 
ness. And  during  this  time,  in  1890,  he  was  elected  mayor  of  Tacoma  at  the 
time  the  new  city  charter  was  adopted,  and  he  held  that  office  until  April,  1892. 
He  continued  dealing  in  real  estate  until  -r.808,  when  he  was  elected  a  member 
of  the  board  of  county  commissioners  of -Pierce  county  for  a  term  of  two 
years,  and  at  the  expiration  of  this  term  was  re-elected  for  a  four-year  term, 
of  which  he  still  has  two;  years  to  serve.  , 

Mr.  Kandle  has  been  identified  .in  •various  ways  with  the  public  inter- 
ests of  the  state.  For  the  three  years  from  1877  to  1879  he  was  one  of  the 
trustees  of  the  insane  asylum  of  the  territory,  and  is  now.  by  appointment  of 
Governor  McBride.  one  of  the  Washington  commissioners  for  the  Louisiana 
Purchase  Exposition  to  be  held  in  St.  Louis  in  1904.  He  still  owns  the  old 
homestead,  a  fine  farm  of  seven  hundred  acres,  which  is  situated  in  township 
18,  Pierce  county,  twenty  miles  south  of  Tacoma.  Mr.  Kandle  was  married 
in  Pierce  county  in  1875  to  Miss  Mary  C.  Guess,  who  was  born  in  Pierce  coun- 
ty, her  parents' having  crossed  the  plains  in  1853.  Mr.  Kandle  now  resides 
with  his  wife  and  two  daughters,  Leona  Maud  and  Lottie  Iola,  in  their  home, 
corner  North  Fifth  and  I  streets,  Tacoma. 


Joshua  Martin  Wiestling  has  been  a  resident  of  Seattle,  Washington, 
fourteen  years,  and  during  that  time  has  done  much  to  foster  the  growth 
and  promote  the  best  interests  of  the  city.  Mr.  Wiestling  is  a  native  of  the 
Keystone  state.  He  was  born  at  Harrisburg,  Pennsylvania.  October  5,  1837. 
His  grandfather  Wiestling  came  to  this  country  from  Saxony  early  in  the 
nineteenth  century  and  located  in  Dauphin  county,  Pennsylvania,  where  his 
son,  Joshua  Martin,  the  father  of  our  subject,  was  born,  and  where  he  was  for 
many  years  engaged  in  the  practice  of  medicine.  The  early  history  of  the 
Wiestlings  shows"  them  to  have  been  a  family  of  physicians.  Dr.  Joshua 
Martin  Wiestling  died  in  1854.  His  wife,  Catherine  (Youce)  Wiestling, 
also  was  a  native  of  Dauphin  county,  and  she,  too,  died  in  1854.     She  was 


of  German  origin  and  belonged  to  a  family  that  settled  in  this  country  at  a 
very  early  period,  some  of  her  ancestors  having  served  in  the  Revolutionary 
war.  Dr.  J.  M.  and  Catherine  Wiestling  were  the  parents  of  eight  children, 
three  of  whom,  a  son  and  two  daughters,  are  yet  living,  the  latter  being  resi- 
dents of  Pennsylvania,  Mary  Ellen,  widow  of  Colonel  T.  T.  Worth,  and 
Julia  A.,  wife  of  C.  Penrose  Sherk. 

Joshua  Martin  Wiestling  was  educated  in  the  public  schools,  the  Har- 
risburg  Academy,  the  Cumberland  Valley  Institute  and  Franklin  and  Mar- 
shall College  of  Lancaster,  Pennsylvania,  receiving  the  degree  of  A.  B.  from 
the  last  named  institution  in  1857  and  subsequently  the  degree  of  A.  M.  He 
studied  law  at  Harrisburg  under  the  instruction  of  Hon.  A.  J.  Herr,  a  prom- 
inent lawyer  and  legislator  of  that  state,  and  was  admitted  to  the  Dauphin 
county  bar  in  1859,  and  soon  afterward  to  the  supreme  court  of  the  state. 
Shortly  after  he  entered  upon  the  practice  of  law  he  was  made  register  in 
bankruptcy  for  the  Fourteenth  congressional  district,  appointed  by  Chief 
Justice  Chase,  and  after  serving  one  year  resigned  to  accept  the  office  of 
district  attorney,  to  which  he  was  elected  by  the  Republican  party;  was  re- 
elected for  another  term,  and  served  in  all  six  years.  He  continued  to  prac- 
tice law  in  Harrisburg  until  1889,  when  he  came  to  Washington.  Previous 
to  his  coming  west  Mr.  Wiesling  was  unanimously  placed  in  nomination  for 
Congress  by  his  own  county,  Dauphin,  but  withdrew  in  favor  of  a  candidate 
in  another  county  of  the  district. 

It  was  on  May  2,  1889,  that  Mr.  Wiestling  landed  in  Seattle,  and  from 
that  date  to  the  present  he  has  been  engaged  in  the  practice  of  law  here, 
having  gained  and  maintained  a  prominent  position  among  the  leading  mem- 
bers of  the  legal  profession  in  Seattle.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Chamber  of 
Commerce.  He  brought  with  him  to  the  west  his  interest  and  activity  in 
politics,  and  has  frequently  been  a  delegate  to  county  and  state  conventions. 
However,  while  he  has  always  been  a  prominent  factor  in  matters  political 
and  is  looked  upon  as  a  leader,  he  is  not  an  office-seeker. 

Mr.  Wiestling  has  an  honorable  war  record.  In  the  summer  of  1862 
he  enlisted  in  Company  D,  One  Hundred  and  Twenty-seventh  Pennsylvania 
Volunteers,  and  went  into  the  service  as  a  second  lieutenant,  afterward  being 
promoted  to  the  rank  of  first  lieutenant.  He  was  with  the  Army  of  the  Po- 
tomac in  Virginia,  under  command  of  General  McClellan ;  and  was  in  an 
emergency  service  at  the  time  the  battle  of  Gettysburg  was  fought.  On 
account  of  sickness  contracted  during  his  period  of  service,  he  was  unfit  for 
further  duty,  and  in  1863  was  honorably  discharged.  He  is  an  active  mem- 
ber of  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic  and  is  past  commander  of  Stephens 
Post  No.  1  at  Seattle,  and  is  also  a  member  of  the  Loyal  Legion,  department 
of  Washington. 

In  early  life  Mr.  Wiestling  was  initiated  into  the  mysteries  of  Masonry 
and  took  an  active  part  in  the  work  of  that  order.  He  is  a  past  master  of 
the  lodge  to  which  lie  belonged  in  Pennsylvania.  He  and  bis  family  are 
members  of  St.  Mark's  Episcopal  church,  Seattle. 

Mr.  Wiestling  was  married  June  2,  1864,  to  Miss  Georgiana  B.  Hoover, 
at  Gettysburg.  Pennsylvania,  ami  fur  nearly  four  decades  she  shared  the  joys 
ami    sorrows   of   life    with    him.     She   passed   away   June    15,    1902.     .Mrs. 


Wiestling  was  a  native  of  Pennsylvania  and  a  daughter  of  John  and  Sophia 
Hoover.  The  Hoovers  were  an  old  and  highly  respected  family,  of  German 
and  English  origin,  and  they  were  represented  in  the  Revolutionary  war. 
Mr.  Wiestling  has  a  son  and  two  daughters,  namely,  Frank  Beecher  and 
Georgiana  and  Virginia,  all  residents  of  Seattle. 

Frank  Beecher  Wiestling  was  born  in  Harrisburg,  Pennsylvania,  April 
5,  1865.  His  education  was  received  in  an  academy  in  his  native  city; 
Shortlidge's  Academy,  Media,  Pennsylvania;  and  Harvard  University,  where 
he  graduated  in  June,  1887,  witn  l'ie  degree  of  A.  B.  He  accompanied  his 
father  to  Seattle  in  1889,  studied  law  under  his  tutorship,  and  has  been  en- 
gaged in  practice  with  him  since  the  fall  of  the  year  of  their  arrival  here. 
Like  his  father,  he  is  prominent  and  active  in  politics  and  has  served  as  dele- 
gate to  the  city,  county  and  state  conventions  of  the  Republican  party.  He 
was  married  in  Tacoma.  April  19,  1893,  to  Annie  Edmunds,  a  native  of 
England  and  an  adopted  daughter  of  Mr.  Van  Ogle,  of  Tacoma,  Washing- 
ton. They  have  two  children,  Dorothy  and  Annette.  Mr.  Wiestling  is  a 
member  of  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen;  past  chancellor  com- 
mander of  the  Knights  of  Pythias;  and  is  a  member  of  the  Harvard  Hasty 
Pudding  Club  and  Alpha  chapter,  Delta  Kappa  Epsilon.  He  worships  at 
Trinity  Episcopal  church. 


The  Olympia  Daily  Recorder,  as  a  representative  of  the  interests  of 
Olympia  and  the  surrounding  country,  made  its  initial  appearance  to  the  public 
in  December,  189 1,  and  has  since  journeyed  steadily  along  the  journalistic 
path,  and,  as  every  well  conducted  newspaper  may  act  in  a  community,  exerts 
a  great  power  for  good  and  development  along  proper  lines  in  this  prosperous 
section  of  the  west.  Its  daily  edition  was  begun  in  May,  189-'.  and  it  appears 
in  the  evening  a  seven-column  folio,  devoted  to  Republican  politics  and  local 
news  and  press  dispatches.  Its  subscription  price  is  fifteen  cents  per  week, 
or  fiftv  cents  per  month  delivered  by  the  carrier.  It  is  issued  by  the  Recorder 
Publishing  Company,  which  is  owned  by  S.  A.  Perkins,  publisher  of  the 
Tacoma  Daily  Ledger,  the  Tacoma  Daily  News,  Everett  Daily  Herald,  Aber- 
deen Daily  Bulletin  and  Fairhaven  Daily  Herald,  all  Associated  Press  dailies. 
John  P.  Fink  is  the  business  manager,  and  at  the  head  of  the  editorial  stall 
is  F.  G.  Deckebach,  men  under  whose  direction  the  Recorder  has  gained 
the  reputation  of  being  one  of  the  leading  papers  of  the  state  of  Washington. 


The  career  of  many  ambitious  journals  is  marked  by  a  rising  and  falling 
line  of  prosperity,  and  their  course  is  anything  hut  a  smooth  0  lally 

there  are  numerous  editors  and  business  managers,  and  sometimes,  notwith- 
standing all  their  heroic  efforts,  the  publication  is  swallowed  in  the   vortex 
of  journalistic  adversities.    There  is  a  marked  contrast  to  tin.  -tat.-  oi  affan 
in  the  history  of  the  paper  which   is  now   to  he  described,  and.   mMead,   an 
almost   phenomena]   record   of  over    forty   years'   uninterrupted    success,   he- 


ginning  with  the  pioneer  days  of  Washington,  giving  to  and  receiving  en- 
couragement from  the  wonderful  development  of  the  extreme  northwest,  is 
the  due  of  the  Washington  Standard  of  Olympia.  On  the  17th  of  November, 
i860,  the  inhabitants  of  Olympia  and  the  vicinity  received  the  news  of  Abra- 
ham Lincoln's  election  to  the  presidency  of  the  nation  through  the  columns 
of  the  maiden  sheet  with  the  ambitious  title  of  "The  Washington  Standard." 
The  proprietor  and  editor  of  this  venturesome  paper  was  a  young  man  by 
the  name  of  John  Miller  Murphy,  and  mainly  to  his  honor  is  owing  the  fact 
that  the  Standard  has  never  missed  an  issue  since  that  "red  letter"  day  of  it? 
advent  into  the  world.  At  first  it  was  a  six-column,  four-page  folio,  but 
in  the  forty-two  years  of  its  existence  it  has  grown  to  be  an  eight-column 
folio,  and  during  all  this  time  it  has  been  under  the  control  of  Mr.  Murphy 
with  the  exception  of  the  year  1870,  when  Beriah  Brown  was  admitted  as 
associate  editor.  It  has  been  the  organ  of  the  Democratic  party,  but  during 
the  Civil  war  it  very  properly  supported  the  Union  cause  and  the  adminis- 
tration ;  Mr.  Murphy  had  joined  the  Union  League  and  took  the  commendable 
course  that  in  the  great  civil  danger  that  threatened  national  union  there  should 
be  no  parties  or  factional  spirit,  thus  being  of  great  service  to  the  government 
in  his  section.  Mr.  Murphy  has  in  later  years  admitted  his  sons,  Henry  M. 
and  Frank,  to  partnership  in  the  enterprise,  and  the  paper  is  now  conducted 
under  their  control.  As  the  life  of  its  founder  and  editor  is  largely  a  history 
of  the  paper,  and  is  of  special  interest  because  of  his  identification  with  the 
growth  and  progress  of  Olympia,  a  brief  account  of  Mr.  Murphy's  career 
will  be  in  place  at  this  point. 

Mr.  Murphy  is  of  Irish  descent  on  his  father's  side,  while  his  mother 
came  from  Teutonic  stock.  John  Murphy,  born  in  Ireland,  came  to  the 
United  States  when  young  and  settled  in  Indiana  about  the  year  1S30.  He 
was  a  millwright  by  trade,  and  many  of  the  mills  erected  in  that  state  in 
that  early  period  were  the  products  of  his  skill.  He  was  married  in  Indiana 
to  Mrs.  Susan  Miller,  and  she  died  in  1846,  while  it  is  supposed  that  he  lost 
his  life  in  the  war  of  the  rebellion.  Only  two  children  were  born  of  this 
marriage,  and  the  daughter  became  the  wife  of  George  A.  Barnes,  of  Olym- 
pia, but  she  is  now  deceased. 

John  Miller  Murphy  was  born  near  Fort  Wayne,  Indiana,  November  3, 
1839,  and  in  1850,  at  the  age  of  eleven,  he  crossed  the  plains  with  his  married 
sister  to  Oregon.  They  passed  the  winter  in  Portland,  and  he  attended  the 
first  school  taught  in  that  city.  In  the  following  year  they  came  to  Olympia, 
at  that  time  a  scattered  village  on  the  shores  of  the  Sound,  and  young  Murphy 
was  one  of  the  scholars"  in  the  first  school  taught  there.  His  brother-in-law, 
Mr.  Barnes,  had  a  general  merchandise  store  in  the  town,  and  the  first  work 
in  which  John  engaged  was  as  a  clerk  in  this  establishment.  He  held  this 
position  until  1856,  in  which  year  he  went  to  Portland  and  learned  the  trade 
of  printer  in  the  offices  of  the  Times  and  the  Democratic  Standard.  When 
he  was  twenty-one  years  of  age,  in  June,  i860,  he  went  to  Vancouver,  and 
with  another  gentleman  started  the  Vancouver  Chronicle,  but  after  a  few 
months  he  sold  out  to  his  partner  and  came  to  Olympia,  where  he  was  the 
founder  of  the  Standard.  In  [865  he  built  at  the  corner  of  Second  and  Wash- 
ington streets  the  structure  in   which  the  paper  has  been   located  ever  since. 


In  1863  he  was  appointed  public  printer  and  served  in  this  capacity  during 
one  session  of  the  territorial  legislature. 

Mr.  Murphy  has  had  a  varied  and  active  public  career.  He  was  auditor 
for  Washington  territory  from  1867  to  1870.  In  1873-4  he  filled  the  same 
office,  and  in  1868  was  appointed  to  the  same  office,  which  he  held  till  the 
admission  of  the  territory  to  statehood.  He  was  cx-ofHcio  quartermaster. 
For  eight  years  he  was  a  member  of  the  city  council,  and  was  county  super- 
intendent of  schools  for  one  term;  he  was  also  one  of  the  organizers  of  the 
fire  department  and  acted  as  its  secretary  and  president  for  several  terms. 
Mr.  Murphy  is  an  ardent  supporter  of  the  cause  of  woman  suffrage,  and  for 
fourteen  years  he  advocated  those  principles  through  the  columns  of  his 
paper.  A  bill  was  finally  passed  in  the  legislature,  and  the  women  of  Wash- 
ington came  into  their  rights,  but  four  years  later  the  law  was  declared  un- 
constitutional on  account  of  a  technical  flaw  in  the  title.  He  has  always 
attended  the  conventions  of  his  party  and  has  been  a  very  efficient  worker. 
In  1N90  he  evidenced  his  public  spirit  by  the  erection  of  a  theatre  costing 
thirty  thousand  dollars,  which  is  elegant  and  modern  in  its  equipment  and  has 
a  seating  capacity  of  one  thousand.  He  has  also  been  the  city  bill  poster 
for  a  number  of  years,  and  is  a  member  of  the  Pacific  Coast  and  the  National 
Billposters'  Associations. 

In  1862  Mr.  Murphy  was  married  in  Portland  to  Miss  Eliza  J.  McGuire, 
who  was  born  in  Brighton,  Iowa,  in  1842,  and  they  became  the  parents  of 
eight  children:  Henry  M.;  Winifred,  now  Mrs.  William  Harris;  Estella, 
the  widow  of  Charles  Carroll;  Frank  and  Charles;  and  Annie,  Bertha  and 
Rosa  Pearl,  the  three  latter  now  deceased.  All  his  children  have  learned  the 
printer's  business  of  their  father,  and  the  two  sons  who  are  in  partnership  with 
him  are  expert  in  that  line.  After  thirty-three  years  of  happy  married  life, 
Mrs.  Murphy  died,  on  November  3,  1895,  deeply  mourned  by  the  family  to 
whom  she  had  been  so  faithful  and  so  kind.  In  May,  1896.  Mr.  Murphy  mar- 
ried Mrs.  Susan  C.  Sprague,  the  daughter  of  Charles  Craigbill,  of  Santa 
Cruz,  California. 


Edwin  A.  Strout,  of  Seattle,  is  one  of  the  business  men  who  have  helped 
to  build  up  the  chief  industries  of  this  section  of  the  country,  lie  early 
had  the  business  foresight  to  realize  Seattle's  future  growth  and  importance, 
and,  acting  in  accordance  with  the  dictates  of  his  faith  and  judgment,  he 
has  prospered  with  the  growth  of  Seattle  and  the  state  of  Washington.  He 
is  now  connected  with  many  extensive  and  important  business  interests.  At 
the  present  time  he  is  secretary  of  the  Brick  Exchange,  representing  nearly  all 
of  the  brick  manufacturing  interests  of  this  section;  secretary  and  a  large 
owner  in  the  Seattle  Brick  &  Tile  Company;  vice  president  of  the  Scattlv 
Ice  Company;  and  senior  member  of  the  firm  of  E.  A.  Strout  &  Company, 
fire,  marine  and  liability  insurance  agents.  His  business  interests  are  ex- 
tensive and  such  as  demand  his  active  attention. 

Mr.  Strout  is  a  native  of  New  Hampshire,  having  been  born  at  Conway. 
July  26,   1862.     His  father,  Bennett  P.  Strout,  was  born  in  Maine  and  led 


an  active  business  life  until  about  fifteen  years  ago,  when  he  retired  from 
business  and  went  to  Philadelphia,  where  he  now  lives.  During  the  greater 
part  of  his  business  career  he  remained  in  New  Hampshire.  He  has  now 
attained  the  age  of  eighty-three  years  and  is  still  active  and  well.  In  public 
affairs  he  has  been  an  active  worker.  He  served  as  county  commissioner  and 
in  other  local  official  positions,  and  for  several  years  was  a  member  of  the 
New  Hampshire  house  of  representatives.  While  living  in  Maine  he  was 
united  in  marriage  to  Abbie  Woodruff,  daughter  of  Erastus  Woodruff,  of 
Lyndon,  Vermont.  They  bad  two  children,  the  elder  being  Charles  H.,  a 
resident  of  Philadelphia  and  proprietor  of  St.  Luke's  School  for  boys.  On 
both  sides  of  the  family  the  ancestry  can  be  traced  back  in  this  country  to  the 
seventeenth  century.  The  father  is  a  descendant  of  John  Strout,  who  came 
to  Boston,  Massachusetts,  in  1630,  from  England.  On  the  Woodruff  side 
the  lineage  runs  back  to  1664,  when  Matthew  Woodruff  came  from  England 
and  was  one  of  the  original  eighty-four  settlers  of  Farmington,  Connecticut. 
Edwin  A.  Strout  received  a  portion  of  his  education  in  Conway.  New 
Hampshire,  ami  he  afterward  became  a  student  in  an  academy  at  Wolfboro, 
in  the  graded  schools  at  Dover  and  in  the  business  college  at  Manchester, 
New  Hampshire.  In  1879  he  entered  upon  his  active  business  career,  be- 
coming connected  with  the  subsistence  department  of  the  army.  He  was 
first  sent  to  Fort  Leavenworth,  Kansas,  where  he  remained  for  some  months, 
acting  as  clerk  for  his  uncle,  Captain  C.  A.  Woodruff,  commissary  of  sub- 
sistence, United  States  army.  From  there  he  went  to  Santa  Fe,  New  Mexico, 
where  he  acted  as  chief  clerk  for  Captain  Woodruff  until  the  fall  of  1884. 
During  this  time  he  saw  a  great  deal  of  active  service  in  the  Apache  Indian 
troubles  of  that  period.  In  1884  he  came  with  Captain  Woodruff  to  Van- 
couver Barracks,  Washington,  where  he  was  stationed  until  he  came  to  Seattle. 
In  1885  he  made  up  his  mind  to  engage  in  business  for  himself,  and  with 
this  end  in  view  investigated  the  prospects  offered  in  the  various  cities  of 
Oregon  and  Washington,  making  a  trip  in  that  year  to  Tacoma  and  Seattle. 
Deciding  that  Seattle  offered  the  best  prospects  for  a  young  man,  he  came 
to  that  city  in  January,  1887.  He  then  organized  the  Puget  Sound  Ice  Com- 
pany for  the  manufacture  of  artificial  ice,  and  erected  a  plant  at  West  and 
Seneca  streets,  in  the  spring  of  1887.  This  was  the  first  ice  plant  ever 
operated  on  Puget  Sound.  He  was  connected  with  this  company  until  the 
plant  was  destroyed  in  the  great  conflagration  of  1889.  He  then  assisted  in 
the  organization  of  the  Seattle  Ice  and  Refrigerator  Company,  which  erected 
a  large  plant  at  Yesler.  This  company  was  later  changed  to  the  Seattle 
Ice  Company,  ami  the  plant  was  removed  to  its  present  location  in  this  city. 
In  1889  Mr.  Strout  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Washington  Territory 
Investment  Company,  was  elected  its  first  vice  president,  and  later  was  made 
president.  This  company  bought  the  lot  on  the  northwest  corner  of  Second 
avenue  and  Cherry  street,  and  erected,  in  1889-90,  the  building  now  known 
as  the  Post-Intelligencer  Building.  Mr.  Strout  retained  the  management 
of  this  building  until  it  was  sold  in  1902.  In  1888  he  was  associated  with 
George  H.  Heilbron  in  the  organization  of  the  Seattle  Brick  &  Tile  Com- 
pany and  has  acted  as  its  secretary  continuously  since  that  time.  These  enter- 
prises have  furnished  employment  to  a  large  number  of  men  and  have  con- 


Iributed  greatly  to  Mr.   Strout's  success  as  well  as  aiding  in  the  upbuilding 
of  Seattle. 

At  Fort  Leavenworth,  Kansas,  in  1889,  Mr.  Strout  was  united  in  mar- 
riage to  Cora  Taylor,  a  (laughter  of  Colonel  Frank  Taylor,  of  the  United 
States  army,  and  they  have  two  children,  Edwin  A.  and  Helen.  In  1884  he 
erected  his  residence  on  Marion  street,  between  Summit  and  Boylston  ave- 
nues. In  politics  he  is  a  Republican.  He  is  a  member  of  St.  Mark's  Episcopal 
church,  and  of  Mt.  Hood  Lodge  No.  32,  F.  &  A.  M.  He  has  always  taken  a 
prominent  part  in  the  social  and  club  life  of  Seattle,  being  one  of  the  organ- 
izers of  the  Rainier  Club,  Country  Club,  and  Golf  and  Country  Club. 

thomas  w.  Mcdonald. 

Thomas  \Y.  McDonald,  who  is  serving  as  treasurer  of  Mason  county 
and  is  a  leading  representative  of  agricultural  and  stock-raising  interests 
of  this  portion  of  the  state,  was  born  in  Kamilche,  Washington,  on  the  19th 
of  June,  1 87 1,  and  is  of  Scotch  ancestry.  His  grandfather,  Angus  Mc- 
Donald, was  born  Ln  the  highlands  of  Scotland  and  when  a  young  man 
crossed  the  Atlantic  to  the  new  world,  settling  in  Canada,  where  he  engaged 
in  lumbering.  He  spent  his  remaining  days  there,  and  died  in  the  seventy- 
sixth  year  of  his  age.  His  son,  Thomas  W.  McDonald,  the  father  of  our 
subject,  was  born  in  Canada,  and  in  the  days  of  the  early  gold  excitement 
in  California  went  to  that  state.  He  also  went  to  the  scene  of  the  Cariboo 
mining  excitement,  after  which  he  settled  in  Mason  county,  Washington, 
where  he  wedded  Mrs.  Mary  E.  Elder.  She  had  four  children  by  her  first 
marriage,  and  to  the  second  marriage  there  were  horn  live  children. 
Mr.  McDonald  followed  farming  in  this  state,  and  became  quite  prominent 
in  public  affairs.  He  served  as  county  commissioner  and  was  a  valued  mem- 
ber of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows  and  of  the  Masonic  Fraternity. 
Everywhere  known  he  was  regarded  as  a  reliable  and  worthy  citizen,  whose 
loss  was  deeply  regretted  throughout  the  community  in  which  he  made  his 
home.  He  died  in  1876.  at  the  age  of  forty-eight  years,  and  was  laid  to  rest 
in  the  Odd  Fellows'  cemetery  in  Olympia.  His  widow  still  survives  him  in 
the  sixty-seventh  year  of  her  age,  and  resides  on  the  farm  in  Kamilche.  The 
eldest  son,  Angus  R.,  is  a  farmer  of  Mason  county,  and  another  brother, 
Ronald  R.,  is  a  merchant  at  Kamilche. 

In  the  public  schools  of  his  native  place  Mr.  McDonald  was  educated 
and  upon  the  home  farm  he  was  reared.  He  has  always  followed  farming, 
having  an  interest  in  five  hundred  and  twenty  acres  in  Mason  county,  on 
which  he  is  engaged  in  general  farming  and  in  the  raising  of  shorthorn  cattle. 
He  thoroughly  understands  both  branches  of  his  business,  and  hi-  capable 
control  of  his  interests  has  made  his  farming  operations  profitable.  Mr.  Mc- 
Donald has  been  a  life-long  Republican,  and  was  elected  treasurer  of  the 
county  ou  the  6th  of  November,  1900.  He  is  now  acceptably  tilling  that 
position  of  honor  and  trust,  and  is  always  a  loyal  and  progressive  citizen. 

On  the  23rd  of  December,  1900,  Mr.  McDonald  was  united  in  mar- 
riage to  Miss  Emma  L.  Taylor,  a  native  daughter  of  Washington,  who  was 
born  in  Lilliwaup,  Mason  county,  and  a  daughter  of  W.  S.  and  Eliza  (  Purdy) 


Taylor.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  McDonald  now  have  one  son,  Thomas  W.,  Jr.  Our 
subject  is  a  member  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  and  has 
passed  all  the  chairs  in  both  branches  of  the  order,  while  in  the  grand  lodge 
he  has  represented  the  subordinate  lodge.  He  is  also  connected  with  the 
Woodmen  of  the  World,  and  is  a  worthy  and  reliable  business  man  and 
trustworthy  official,  a  credit  to  the  state  of  his  nativity. 


One  can  hardly  judge  the  real  life  of  an  individual  from  the  events  which 
are  patent  to  the  world.  In  the  majority  of  cases  the  important  decisions, 
the  knotty  problems  and  perplexing  difficulties,  which  have  influenced  the 
whole  life  and  have  often,  though  many  times  unknown  to  the  actor  him- 
self, been  the  turning  point  of  his  career,  all  these  things,  though  so  necessary 
to  the  thorough  understanding  of  the  history  of  the  man,  are  often  unre- 
vealed  and  remain  forever  hidden  in  the  depths  of  semi-consciousness.  But 
though  the  biographer  is  thus  handicapped  at  arriving  at  the  original  sources, 
he  is  still  able  to  infer  from  the  most  palpable  events  the  results  of  the  inner 
life,  and  judge  in  the  limited  and  mortal  way  man's  value  to  society  and  the 
world.  So,  in  the  case  of  the  subject  at  hand,  it  is  our  intention  to  set  forth 
briefly  the  life  and  its  fruits  and  allow  the  reader  to  determine  the  meed  of 
honor  which  is  fit  to  be  bestowed. 

Judge  Alexander  Campbell  was  born  eighty-three  years  ago  on  Prince 
Edward  Island.  He  came  to  the  United  States  in  1853.  As  one  would  sur- 
mise from  the  name,  the  family  is  of  Scotch  stock.  He  was  a  resident  of 
Madison,  Wisconsin,  for  a  number  of  years,  and  while  there  was  chosen  a 
member  of  the  legislature.  He  afterwards  moved  to  Iowa  and  was  one  of 
the  prominent  lawyers  of  the  state,  and  also  district  judge  for  the  long  period 
of  eighteen  years.  About  ten  years  ago  he  retired  from  public  life  and  is 
now  living  quietly  in  Tacoma,  being  at  the  advanced  age  of '  eighty-three 
His  wife  was  also  born  on  Prince  Edward  Island,  and  her  maiden  name 
was  Jennie  McKenzie.     She  died  in  Tacoma  in  1901. 

These  worthy  people  were  the  parents  of  Fremont  Campbell,  who  was 
born  October  10,  1857,  while  his  father  resided  in  Madison,  Wisconsin. 
Two  of  his  older  brothers,  James  and  Robert,  were  soldiers  in  the  Civil  war, 
but  Fremont  was  hardly  old  enough  to  understand  the  wild  clamor  of  war  at 
the  time.  He  had  the  advantages  of  an  excellent  education  at  the  Wisconsin 
University  at  Madison  and  graduated  in  1873.  He  pursued  a  law  course  in 
the  same  institution  for  the  next  two  years,  and  then  entered  the  office  of 
Major  John  Taft,  where  he  delved  into  the  realms  of  legal  lore  for  two  more 
years.  The  aspiring  young  lawyer  sought  his  first  field  of  endeavor  in  the 
west,  going  to  Belmont,  Nevada,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  by  the  supreme 
court  at  Carson  City  in  1878.  He  made  his  arrival  in  the  city  of  Tacoma 
on  July  4,  1880,  and  at  once  began  his  practice  here.  Three  years  later  he 
was  elected  prosecuting  attorney  of  Pierce  county  and  served  two  terms 
of  two  years  each,  and  after  engaging  in  private  practice  for  two  years  he  was 
re-elected  in  1889.  He  filled  the  office  only  one  year,  and  was  then  appointed 
by  Governor  iferry  judge  of  the  superior  court  of  Pierce  county  to  fill  out  an 


unexpired  term.  In  1892  he  was  regularly  elected  to  this  office,  but  in  1894 
resumed  his  private  practice  and  continued  it  very  successfully  for  five  years, 
at  the  end  of  which  time  he  was  again  called  to  take  up  the  duties  of  public 
office  and  fill  out  the  term  of  George  W.  Walker,  prosecuting  attorney.  In 
1900  he  was  elected  to  this  position  for  two  years  and  in  the  fall  of  1902 
was  candidate  for  re-election  and  was  re-elected.  He  has  always  been  before 
the  people  as  a  candidate  of  the  Republican  party,  in  whose  principles  he  is 
a  firm  believer. 

Judge  Campbell  has  also  served  his  adopted  city  in  the  capacity  of  school 
director  for  nine  years,  and  was  city  assessor  in  1888.  He  was  one  of  the 
incorporators  of  the  Tacoma  and  Lake  City  Railroad  Company,  which  built 
a  railroad  from  Tacoma  to  American  Lake  in  1889,  and  he  was  the  general 
manager  of  the  road  until  it  was  sold  to  the  Union  Pacific.  Such  a  record 
of  public  activity  is  striking  proof  of  Mr.  Campbell's  personal  popularity  and 
eminent  fitness  as  a  leader  of  men.  and  much  more  may  be  expected  from  this 
brilliant  man  who  has  hardly  reached  the  zenith  of  life's  powers.  Judge 
Campbell  was  married  at  Tacoma  in  1884,  Miss  Grace  L.  Reynolds  becoming 
his  wife.  Thev  have  seven  children,  Clarence  A.,  Fremont  C,  Mercedes  I., 
Veva  C,  Ray  Maurice,  Walter  M.  and  Dewey  M.,  a  daughter. 


In  dealing  with  the  biographies  of  those  men  of  action  who  now  and 
for  some  years  past  have  been  engaged  in  making  Washington,  the  sketch 
writer  is  seldom  called  on  to  chronicle  the  birth  of  any  of  his  subjects  in  the 
state.  Nine  out  of  ten,  perhaps  it  would  be  better  to  say  ninety-nine  out  of 
a  hundred,  are  from  other  parts  of  the  Union,  and  most  of  them  have  not 
been  here  more  than  fifteen  or  twenty  years.  But  there  are  exceptions  to  this 
as  to  all  other  rules,  and  we  are  now  to  learn  something  of  a  gentleman  who, 
as  also  his  wife,  is  a  native-born  Washingtonian.  This  statement  necessarily 
involves  another  to  the  effect  that  the  parents  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Munson 
were  pioneers  to  the  Puget  Sound  region  at  a  period  so  remote  as  to  make 
them  exceptionally  early  settlers,  and  it  is  probable  that  few  others  now  resident 
in  the  state  antedate  their  arrival.  They  left  Boston,  Massachusetts,  Sep- 
tember 15,  1858,  arrived  at  Port  Townsend,  Washington,  Marches,  185*). 
Connected  with  the  story  of  these  parties  is  a  pretty  romance,  which  would 
seem  to  indicate  that  "the  course  of  true  love"  does  occasionally  run  smooth. 
It  also  proves  that  there  is  no  situation  in  this  world  so  conducive  to  love- 
making  as  confinement  in  a  sailing  vessel  for  one  of  those  long  voyages  of 
many  months'  duration,  so  common  before  the  age  of  steam  navigation.  It 
was  a  situation  similar  to  this  which  caused  the  celebrated  Warren  Hastings 
to  fall  in  love — but  unfortunately  with  another  man's  wife — on  one  of  those 
tedious  voyages  to  India,  of  which  he  was  then  governor  general.  There 
might  be  many  other  citations  to  the  same  effect,  but  this  narrative  is  con- 
fined to  a  young  couple  whose  career  had  a  direct  bearing  upon  that  of  the 
subject  of  our  sketch,  inasmuch  as  they  became  bis  father  and  mother. 

One  day  in  the  year  1858,  a  sailing  vessel  was  getting  ready  to  depart 
from  the  coast  of  Maine  to  the  distant  land  "where  rolls  the  Oregon."     Such 


a  journey  at  that  time  was  sufficient  to  appall  the  stoutest  heart,  and  espe- 
cially full  of  terrors  for  any  one  inclined  to  seasickness.  It  was  not  only  long 
in  days,  weeks  and  months,  but  accommodations  were  always  bad  on  those 
sailing  vessels,  with  their  narrow  quarters,  insufficient  food,  poor  water,  but 
above  all  the  wearisome  monotony  and  wearing  tedium  which  arise  from 
having  nothing  to  do  or  doing  the  same  thing  over  and  over  again.  They 
were  to  go  from  the  extreme  northeastern  to  the  extreme  northwestern  end 
of  the  Union,  which  in  a  direct  line  is  far  from  a  short  distance,  but  to  reach 
which  by  water  requires  a  sail  down  the  entire  Atlantic  of  both  American 
continents  and,  after  doubling  the  stormy  Horn,  a  repetition  of  the  experience 
along  the  Pacific  shore  until  the  turn  to  the  right  is  made  through  the  Straits 
of  Fuca.  The  sailing  vessel  in  question  was  named  the  Toando,  commanded 
by  Captain  G.  D.  Keller,  and  his  second  mate  was  Josiah  Hill  Munson,  a 
young  man  of  East  Machias,  Maine,  who  at  that  time  was  just  twenty-nine 
years  of  age.  But  by  far  the  most  interesting  occupant  of  the  Toando  was 
Miss  Emily  Keller,  daughter  of  Captain  G.  D.  Keller,  who  was  making  this 
■rip  with  her  father.  Her  father,  step-mother  and  all  her  brothers  and  sisters 
were  on  board,  also  sister  of  J.  H.  Munson,  the  wife  of  Captain  A.  W.  Keller, 
the  first  mate.  The  voyage  had  not  continued  long  until  the  second  mate 
and  Miss  Emily  were  on  very  good  terms  with  each  other,  and  it  was  not 
strange  that  the  daily  intercourse  for  months  ripened  into  something  stronger 
than  friendship.  Long  before  the  good  ship  Toando  had  touched  the  placid 
waters  of  the  Sound  a  couple  of  her  occupants  were  much  in  love  with  each 
other,  and  were  married  in  Port  Townsend,  April  5,  1859.  They  settled 
down  to  lives  of  usefulness  in  the  then  sparsely  settled  territory  of  Wash- 
ington. Captain  Munson,  as  he  was  afterward  called,  rose  to  positions  of 
prominence  and  influence  both  in  political  and  business  circles,  and  was  long 
regarded  as  one  of  the  leading  men  in  this  section.  He  was  selected  territorial 
treasurer  by  the  Republican  party,  of  which  he  was  an  influential  member, 
was  later  appointed  state  librarian  and  for  twelve  years  was  postmaster  at 
Olympia,  and  county  treasurer  of  Thurston  county  for  ten  years.  Mean- 
time he  engaged  with  success  in  mercantile  pursuits,  was  influential  in  Masonic 
circles,  and  altogether  was  one  of  the  most  notable  and  esteemed  of  the  state's 
early  pioneer  citizens.  Captain  A.  W.  Keller,  first  mate  of  the  Toando,  and 
son  of  the  captain,  G.  D.  Keller,  revered  and  esteemed  by  all,  now  enjoys 
the  reputation  of  being  one  of  the  oldest,  if  not  at  the  very  head  of  the  list, 
of  the  state's  veteran  sea  captains.  J.  H.  Munson  died  in  Seattle,  Wash- 
ington, April  11,  1903,  and  the  following  are  some  extracts  from  the  local 
paper  concerning  that  event : 

When  Captain  Josiah  H.  Munson  died  at  the  Seattle  General  Hospital, 
Saturday  night,  another  of  those  hardy  seafaring  men  from  the  coast  of 
Maine,  who  have  done  much  for  upbuilding  of  the  Northwest  territory,  passed 
away.  Captain  Munson  landed  at  Port  Townsend  in  1859,  anc^  ever  since 
that  time  he  lived  in  the  territory  and  state  of  Washington. 

Captain  Munson  was  a  good  friend  to  Henry  L.  Yesler,  and  the  latter 
offered  the  young  man  a  block  in  the  then  sawmill  town  of  Seattle,  if  he 
would  move  here,  but  Steilacoom  seemed  to  have  brighter  prospects,  and  Mr. 
Munson  stayed  there.     He  could  have  taken  up  a  homestead  where  this  city 


now  stands,  along  with  A.  A.  Denny,  Maynard,  Bell  and  others,  but  he  pre- 
ferred to  go  to  Olympia. 

In  the  early  territorial  days  Captain  Munson  was  quite  a  prominent  char- 
acter in  politics.  He  was  treasurer  and  librarian  of  the  territory;  was  post- 
master of  Olympia  for  twelve  years,  and  was  treasurer  of  Thurston  county 
for  twelve  years.  During  the  Indian  troubles  Mr.  Munson  was  postmaster, 
and  did  not  take  part  in  the  war,  except  to  help  guard  Olympia  from  attack. 
He  did  not  take  the  field  against  the  redskins. 

In  1889,  the  year  Washington  was  admitted  as  a  state,  Captain  Munson 
moved  to  Seattle,  and  made  this  city  his  borne  from  that  time  until  bis  death. 
After  his  removal  from  the  capital  Captain  Munson  did  not  take  an  active 
part  in  politics,  and  he  and  his  wife  made  their  home  with  their  two  sons  out 
on  the  shores  of  Lake  Washington. 

Captain  Munson  was  a  member  of  Harmony  Lodge  No.  1,  of  Masons, 
at  Olympia,  but  owing  to  the  short  notice  of  the  funeral  arrangements  it  is 
not  likely  that  the  Masons  will  officiate. 

Captain  Munson  and  wife  reared  a  family  of  seven  children  in  Wash- 
ington. The  eldest  is  Mrs.  U.  R.  Grant,  now  living  in  Alameda.  Her  first 
husband  was  Lincoln  P.  Ferry,  son  of  Governor  Ferry.  Mrs.  J.  D.  Van 
Buren,  another  daughter,  is  also  living  in  Alameda.  A.  J.  Munson  is  post- 
master at  Shelton,  and  L.  K.  and  Fred  are  also  residents  of  Sbelton.  Charles 
H.  is  captain,  and  J.  K.  Munson  is  engineer  of  the  steamer  Emily  Keller,  the 
boat  being  named  for  their  mother. 

Albert  J.  Munson,  one  of  the  seven  children  of  his  parents,  was  burn 
at  Seilacoom.  in  Pierce  county,  Washington,  November  12.  1862,  and  was 
educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Olympia.  After  finishing  his  studies  be 
engaged  in  merchandising  at  the  state  capital,  and  so  continued  until  1889, 
when  he  came  to  Shelton  and  opened  a  hardware  store.  Aside  from  business 
he  became  active  in  politics,  and  has  enjoyed  a  career  of  some  prominence 
in  that  line  as  one  of  the  local  Republican  leaders.  He  has  served  as  city 
treasurer,  as  a  member  of  the  city  council  six  years,  and  for  six  years  was 
school  director.  Eventually  be  was  appointed  postmaster  of  Shelton,  in 
which  position  be  was  serving  at  the  time  of  the  preparation  of  this  memoir, 
and  as  a  side  line  keeps  for  sale  a  stock  of  notions  and  sundries  in  the  build- 
ing occupied  as  an  office. 

On  the  21st  of  October,  1888,  Mr.  Munson  was  united  in  marriage  with 
Miss  Esther  D.  Bannse,  like  himself  a  native  of  Washington  and  daughter 
of  pioneer  parents.  Her  father,  Herman  Bannse,  crossed  the  plains  as  early 
as  18=53  and  settled  in  Thurston  county,  which  was  the  birthplace  of  Mrs. 
Munson,  born  the  22d  of  February.  1X07.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Munson  have  three 
sons,  Lester  J.,  Harold  E.  and  Lawrence  A.,  all  three  of  whom  were  horn  in 
Sbelton  and  are  boys  of  bright  promise  and  future  usefulness.  Mr.  Munson 
is  a  member  of  the  Woodmen  of  the  World,  and  has  been  clerk  of  thai  order 
for  the  past  nine  years.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Munson  are  extensively  acquainted 
in  Mason  and  Thurston  counties,  as  well  as  other  parts  of  the  stale,  and  no 
couple  has  more  or  sincerer  friends  wherever  known. 



Colonel  John  W.  Linck,  special  agent  LTnited  Stat